Topic: Diary - Schramm
Diaries of AIF Servicemen
6 October 1918
2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.
During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.
The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:
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Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 5 - 11 October 1918
[Click on page for a larger print version.]
Sunday, October 6, 1918
Bert Schramm's Location - El Mudhamiye
Bert Schramm's Diary - Have had a good days rest today and we have a splendid camp amongst the trees. Rations are fairly scarce.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - El Mudhamiye
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - In bivouac resting. Combined church parade. Thanks giving service for recent victory.
Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924, pp 163 - 166.
On October 6th 1918 a combined church parade and thanksgiving service for the recent victory was held, being attended by the whole Brigade.
Many thousands of prisoners, taken during the recent operations, had been collected at a point close to the village of El Mudhamiye, and on the banks of the stream which flowed through that place. This stream, which provided our drinking water supply, quickly became polluted to a degree which rendered it beyond the possibility of human consumption. Thousands of these prisoners were in urgent need of medical attendance, and there was the gravest suspicion of cholera, as they were dying like flies.
None of these men appeared to have the slightest idea of sanitation and their camping area was soon a place to be avoided. This state of affairs needed drastic action, and as their own officers appeared to take no notice of the deplorable condition of their men, Todd, Lieutenant Colonel TJ,, 10th Light Horse, was appointed Commandant of the Prisoner of War Compound, Kaukab.
Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 5 October 1918
Bert Schramm's Diary
National Archives Service File.
Embarkation Roll, AWM8.
Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour
Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.
War Diaries and Letters
All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at: