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Saturday, 1 November 2008
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 November
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 1 November

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Sunday, November 1, 1914

9th Light Horse Regiment Location -  Morphettville Race Course Camp and Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Formation of Regiment occurring at Morphettville Race Course Camp, Adelaide, while "C" Squadron is formed at Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

See: Broadmeadows 1909

 

1915

Monday, November 1, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Spur

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No entry

 

1916

Wednesday, November 1, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir Etmaler

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Ayliffe, Lieutenant SH; and, 51 Other Ranks left by train from Mahamadiyah for Anzac Rest Camp, Port Said. B Squadron supplied patrol of one Sergeant and three Other Ranks for patrol to Bir Abu Duyuk, Bir el Hamisah, Qatiya and return.

McKenzie, Major KA returned from Cavalry School, Zeitoun.

 

1917

Thursday, November 1, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Beersheba.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - A Squadron holding line from Point 1040 to Tel el Saba. Remainder of Regiment bivouacked one mile south of Point 1040. Gregory, 1364 Lance Corporal HO, with A Squadron patrol at 0700 captured one Turkish Medical Officer and 5 Other Ranks. Medical Officer spoke very good English and informed Commanding Officer that our flank attack by mounted troops was entirely unexpected and unprovided for by the enemy. Burial party from B Squadron was working in the vicinity of the Regiment burying enemy dead. Four Turkish wounded were collected and dispatched to 3rd Light Field Ambulance.

At 1400 on the afternoon of 31st October [Note: the date should be 1 November, ed.] Ragless, Captain BB, with Kildea, Lieutenant FJ; and, his troop of B Squadron left Regiment in vicinity of Iswaiwin and moved into Beersheba and Ragless, Captain BB, assumed duties of first military governor of that place.

At 1630, C Squadron moved out as escort to 1300 Turkish prisoners being sent from Beersheba to 20th Corps Headquarters Taweil el Habari.

Bodkin 3255, Trooper JL, died of wounds.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary -

At 0500 enemy carried out an aeroplane raid; two planes drew a heavy rifle and machine gun fire from the Mounted Troops and one aeroplane was shot down by the 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Wounded and unwounded Turkish Prisoners were being taken from daylight and information gained from these that the Turks had fallen back to Tel el Sheria.

At 1430 troops of the 53rd Division and Imperial Camel Corps moved through the outpost lines. Day outpost was then withdrawn and Brigade was concentrated in the neighbourhood of 960.

Big supplies of grain and tibbin were discovered in the vicinity of Tel el Saba. Horses were watered from pools in the Wadi Saba during the day.

At 1600 Ragless, Captain BB, 9th Light Horse Regiment assumed the duties of first Military Governor of Beersheba.

At 1630 C squadron, 9th Light Horse Regiment, moved out as escort to 1300 prisoners despatched from Beersheba to 20th Corps Headquarters at Taweil el Habari.

Convoy carrying one day's rations for man and horse arrived at Brigade Headquarters at 1800. The Brigade had left Khalasa self supporting, with supplies for three days in the event of continuous fighting, after the attack on Beersheba commenced. Two days supplies only had been used up and the arrival of the convoy our allowed for the third days fighting ration to be carried as a day's reserve ration. Had the infantry attack on the south and the south west of Beersheba failed, this convoy could not have reached Brigade at the time it did. It travelled that country held by the enemy up to the previous day.

The situation was now that Beersheba, the left flank of the Turkish line was occupied by our troops. The survivors of that garrison had fallen back to the centre of their line at Tel el Sheria. The 2nd Brigade had pushed on up the Beersheba - Hebron road toward Dhaheriyeh. If more troops were sent on towards Tel Khuweilfeh the now left flank of the Turkish Line would be seriously threatened. To protect his flank the enemy would have to deplete his general reserve now in the neighbourhood of Tel el Sheria. This would weaken his centre. That is what our High Command desired. The bulk of his general reserve was moved east to Tel Khuweilfeh, and a few days later our infantry broke through his unsupported line at Tel el Sheria.

In furtherance of the above scheme orders were received for a Regiment to be attached to the 7th Mounted Brigade, [Yeomanry], for operations towards Ain Kohel and Tel Khuweilfeh, about eleven miles north north east of Beersheba. These places were of tactical importance in as much as there was a good water supply there.

The 8th Light Horse Regiment [McLaurin, Lieutenant Colonel AG] was detailed for duty. The orders were that it was to go without the slightest possible delay. The Division expected that it would return that night. The regiment carried little water and most of the water bottles were empty. There was no time to fill them or to water the horses. The Regiment moved at 0800.

No water cart was allowed to accompany the Regiment, and only one day's water was carried. After proceeding about nine miles the enemy were met with in position a hill barring our progress. One Yeomanry Regiment was on our right and on their left with a considerable distance between them.

The 8th Light Horse Regiment was ordered to send one Squadron to attack the enemy and drive him off the hill. The enemy was engaged and driven back about one mile, where strong opposition was met. The remaining two squadrons of the Regiment were sent in and a line established linking up with the Yeomanry on the left.

Touch could not be gained with the Yeomanry on our right because of a wide wadi intervening.

Our line was maintained throughout that day and night under heavy fire and on the morning of 3rd the Yeomanry Brigade was relieved by the 1st Light Horse Brigade of the Anzac Mounted Division and the 8th Light Horse Regiment came under the orders of the General Officer in Command of that Brigade.

The enemy had strongly reinforced the forces opposed to us during the night and became very bold, but as our position was very strong, they did not attack in numbers.

Several attacks were by the Anzacs but were unsuccessful.

The 8th Light Horse Regiment had suffered several casualties and the men were suffering severely from hunger and thirst, no water being obtainable near our position. And the 8th Light Horse Regiment was relieved by Welsh Infantry and returned to Beersheba arriving in bivouac at 2300, after having been 39 hours without rest with less than one bottle of water per man and rations for two meals. The horses were without water for the same period.

48 cases of acute diarrhoea occurred in the Regiment next day, caused, in the opinion of the Medical Officer through the drinking of large quantities of impure water by men who were suffering severely from thirst. The 8th Light Horse Regiment was complimented for the fine resistance it had put up under such trying circumstances.

 

1918

Friday, November 1, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Homs

0500 Arrived at Homs. Passed through centre of town to an area two miles north and bivouacked. This completed the 100 miles march from Kaukab. The horses stood the trip well. Route throughout was fairly well watered. With the exception of the stage from Adra to Kuteife a high standard of march discipline was maintained. On the aforementioned stage the 3rd Light Horse Brigade marched in rear of the Divisional Troops Group. This group included much wheeled transport which necessitated a very slow pace. Details of the armistice with Turkey received.

On 10th October 1918, Barker, Lieutenant AS, was attached to 3rd Light Horse Brigade as Acting Staff Captain.

 

1919

Saturday, November 1, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.

 

 

Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 31 October

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 2 November

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 
Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 November

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 17 September 2010 8:46 AM EADT

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