Make your own free website on Tripod.com
« August 2009 »
S M T W T F S
1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31
You are not logged in. Log in


Search the site:


powered by FreeFind
Volunteer with us.

Entries by Topic All topics  
A Latest Site News
A - Using the Site
AAA Volunteers
AAB-Education Centre
AAC-Film Clips
AAC-Photo Albums
AIF & MEF & EEF
AIF - Lighthorse
AIF - ALH - A to Z
AIF - DMC
AIF - DMC - Or Bat
AIF - DMC - Anzac MD
AIF - DMC - Aus MD
AIF - DMC - British
AIF - DMC - BWI
AIF - DMC - French
AIF - DMC - Indian
AIF - DMC - Italian
AIF - DMC - Medical
AIF - DMC - Remounts
AIF - DMC - Scouts
AIF - DMC - Sigs
AIF - DMC - Sigs AirlnS
AIF - DMC - 1 Sig Sqn
AIF - DMC - 2 Sig Sqn
AIF - DMC - Eng
AIF - DMC - Eng 1FSE
AIF - DMC - Eng 2FSE
AIF - DMC - GSR
AIF - 1B - 1 LHB
AIF - 1B - 6 MVS
AIF - 1B - 1 LHMGS
AIF - 1B - 1 Sig Trp
AIF - 1B - 1 LHFA
AIF - 1B - 1 LHR
AIF - 1B - 2 LHR
AIF - 1B - 3 LHR
AIF - 2B - 2 LHB
AIF - 2B - 7 MVS
AIF - 2B - 2 LHFA
AIF - 2B - 2 LHMGS
AIF - 2B - 2 Sig Trp
AIF - 2B - 5 LHR
AIF - 2B - 6 LHR
AIF - 2B - 7 LHR
AIF - 3B - 3 LHB
AIF - 3B - 8 MVS
AIF - 3B - 3 LHB Sigs
AIF - 3B - 3 LHFA
AIF - 3B - 3 LHMGS
AIF - 3B - 3 Sig Trp
AIF - 3B - 8 LHR
AIF - 3B - 9 LHR
AIF - 3B - 10 LHR
AIF - 4B - 4 LHB
AIF - 4B - 4 Sig Trp
AIF - 4B - 9 MVS
AIF - 4B - 4 LHFA
AIF - 4B - 4 LHMGS
AIF - 4B - 4 LHR
AIF - 4B - 11 LHR
AIF - 4B - 12 LHR
AIF - 5B - 5 LHB
AIF - 5B - 10 MVS
AIF - 5B - 5 LHFA
AIF - 5B - 5 Sig Trp
AIF - 5B - ICC
AIF - 5B - 14 LHR
AIF - 5B - 15 LHR
AIF - 5B - 1er Regt
AIF - 5B - 2 NZMGS
AIF - AASC
AIF - Aboriginal LH
AIF - Badges
AIF - Cars
AIF - Chinese LH
AIF - Double Sqns
AIF - Engineers
AIF - Fr - 22 Corps
AIF - Fr - 13 LHR
AIF - Honour Roll
AIF - HQ - 3rd Echelon
AIF - Marching Songs
AIF - Misc Topics
AIF - NZMRB
AIF - NZMRB - AMR
AIF - NZMRB - CMR
AIF - NZMRB - EFT
AIF - NZMRB - NZMFA
AIF - NZMRB - NZMGS
AIF - NZMRB - OMR
AIF - NZMRB - Sig-Trp
AIF - NZMRB - WMR
AIF - Ships
AIF - Ships - Encountr
AIF - Ships - Una
AIF - WFF
AIF - Wireless Sqn
Battles
BatzA - Australia
BatzA - Broken Hill
BatzA - Liverpool
BatzA - Merivale
BatzB - Boer War
BatzB - Bakenlaagte
BatzB - Belmont
BatzB - Bothaville
BatzB - Buffels Hoek
BatzB - Coetzees Drift
BatzB - Diamond Hill
BatzB - Driefontein
BatzB - Elands
BatzB - Graspan
BatzB - Grobelaar
BatzB - Grootvallier
BatzB - Hartebestfontn
BatzB - Houtnek
BatzB - Karee Siding
BatzB - Kimberley
BatzB - Koster River
BatzB - Leeuw Kop
BatzB - Mafeking
BatzB - Magersfontein
BatzB - Modder River
BatzB - Onverwacht
BatzB - Paardeberg
BatzB - Palmietfontein
BatzB - Pink Hill
BatzB - Poplar Grove
BatzB - Rhenoster
BatzB - Sannahs Post
BatzB - Slingersfontn
BatzB - Stinkhoutbm
BatzB - Sunnyside
BatzB - Wilmansrust
BatzB - Wolvekuil
BatzB - Zand River
BatzG - Gallipoli
BatzG - Anzac
BatzG - Aug 1915
BatzG - Baby 700
BatzG - Evacuation
BatzG - Hill 60
BatzG - Hill 971
BatzG - Krithia
BatzG - Lone Pine
BatzG - Nek
BatzJ - Jordan Valley
BatzJ - 1st Amman
BatzJ - 2nd Amman
BatzJ - Abu Tellul
BatzJ - Es Salt
BatzJ - JV Maps
BatzJ - Ziza
BatzM - Mespot
BatzM - Baghdad
BatzM - Ctesiphon
BatzM - Daur
BatzM - Kurna
BatzM - Kut el Amara
BatzM - Ramadi
BatzN - Naval
BatzN - AE1
BatzN - Cocos Is
BatzN - Heligoland
BatzN - Marmara
BatzN - Zeebrugge
BatzN - Zeppelin L43
BatzNG - Bitapaka
BatzO - Other
BatzO - Baku
BatzO - Egypt 1919
BatzO - Emptsa
BatzO - Karawaran
BatzO - Peitang
BatzO - Wassa
BatzP - Palestine
BatzP - 1st Gaza
BatzP - 2nd Gaza
BatzP - 3rd Gaza
BatzP - Aleppo
BatzP - Amwas
BatzP - Ayun Kara
BatzP - Bald Hill
BatzP - Balin
BatzP - Beersheba
BatzP - Berkusieh
BatzP - Damascus
BatzP - El Auja
BatzP - El Buggar
BatzP - El Burj
BatzP - Haifa
BatzP - Huj
BatzP - JB Yakub
BatzP - Kaukab
BatzP - Khan Kusseir
BatzP - Khuweilfe
BatzP - Kuneitra
BatzP - Megiddo
BatzP - Nablus
BatzP - Rafa
BatzP - Sasa
BatzP - Semakh
BatzP - Sheria
BatzP - Surafend
BatzP - Wadi Fara
BatzS - Sinai
BatzS - Bir el Abd
BatzS - El Arish
BatzS - El Mazar
BatzS - El Qatiya
BatzS - Jifjafa
BatzS - Magdhaba
BatzS - Maghara
BatzS - Romani
BatzS - Suez 1915
BatzSe - Senussi
BatzWF - Westn Front
BW - Boer War
BW - NSW
BW - NSW - 1ACH
BW - NSW - 1NSWMR
BW - NSW - 2NSWMR
BW - NSW - 3ACH
BW - NSW - 3NSWIB
BW - NSW - 3NSWMR
BW - NSW - 5ACH
BW - NSW - A Bty RAA
BW - NSW - AAMC
BW - NSW - Aust H
BW - NSW - Lancers
BW - NSW - NSW Inf
BW - NSW - NSWCBC
BW - NSW - NSWIB
BW - NSW - NSWMR_A
BW - NZ
BW - Qld
BW - Qld - 1ACH
BW - Qld - 1QMI
BW - Qld - 2QMI
BW - Qld - 3ACH
BW - Qld - 3QMI
BW - Qld - 4QIB
BW - Qld - 5QIB
BW - Qld - 6QIB
BW - Qld - 7ACH
BW - QLD - AAMC
BW - SA
BW - SA - 1SAMR
BW - SA - 2ACH
BW - SA - 2SAMR
BW - SA - 3SACB
BW - SA - 4ACH
BW - SA - 4SAIB
BW - SA - 5SAIB
BW - SA - 6SAIB
BW - SA - 8ACH
BW - SA - AAMC
BW - Tas
BW - Tas - 1ACH
BW - Tas - 1TIB
BW - Tas - 1TMI
BW - Tas - 2TB
BW - Tas - 2TIB
BW - Tas - 3ACH
BW - Tas - 8ACH
BW - Vic
BW - Vic - 1VMI
BW - Vic - 2ACH
BW - Vic - 2VMR
BW - Vic - 3VB
BW - Vic - 4ACH
BW - Vic - 4VIB
BW - Vic - 5VMR
BW - Vic - 6ACH
BW - Vic - AAMC
BW - Vic - Scot H
BW - WA
BW - WA - 1WAMI
BW - WA - 2ACH
BW - WA - 2WAMI
BW - WA - 3WAB
BW - WA - 4ACH
BW - WA - 4WAMI
BW - WA - 5WAMI
BW - WA - 6WAMI
BW - WA - 8ACH
BW Gen - Campaign
BW Gen - Soldiers
BW General
Cavalry - General
Diary - Schramm
Egypt - Heliopolis
Egypt - Mena
Gen - Ataturk Pk, CNB
Gen - Australia
Gen - Legends
Gen - Query Club
Gen - St - NSW
Gen - St - Qld
Gen - St - SA
Gen - St - Tas
Gen - St - Vic
Gen - St - WA
Gm - German Items
Gm - Bk - 605 MGC
GW - 11 Nov 1918
GW - Atrocities
GW - August 1914
GW - Biographies
GW - Propaganda
GW - Spies
GW - We forgot
Militia 1899-1920
Militia - Area Officers
Militia - Inf - Infantry
Militia - Inf - 1IB
Militia - Inf - 2IB
Militia - Inf - 3IB
Militia - Inf - NSW
Militia - Inf - Qld
Militia - Inf - SA
Militia - Inf - Tas
Militia - Inf - Vic
Militia - Inf - WA
Militia - K.E.Horse
Militia - LH
Militia - LH - Regts
Militia - LH - 1LHB
Militia - LH - 2LHB
Militia - LH - 3LHB
Militia - LH - 4LHB
Militia - LH - 5LHB
Militia - LH - 6LHB
Militia - LHN - NSW
Militia - LHN - 1/7/1
Militia - LHN - 2/9/6
Militia - LHN - 3/11/7
Militia - LHN - 4/6/16
Militia - LHN - 5/4/15
Militia - LHN - 6/5/12
Militia - LHN - 28
Militia - LHQ - Qld
Militia - LHQ - 13/2
Militia - LHQ - 14/3/11
Militia - LHQ - 15/1/5
Militia - LHQ - 27/14
Militia - LHS - SA
Militia - LHS - 16/22/3
Militia - LHS - 17/23/18
Militia - LHS - 24/9
Militia - LHT - Tas
Militia - LHT - 12/26
Militia - LHV - Vic
Militia - LHV - 7/15/20
Militia - LHV - 8/16/8
Militia - LHV - 9/19
Militia - LHV - 10/13
Militia - LHV - 11/20/4
Militia - LHV - 19/17
Militia - LHV - 29
Militia - LHW - WA
Militia - LHW-18/25/10
Militia - Military Orders
Militia - Misc
MilitiaRC - Rifle Clubs
MilitiaRC - NSW
MilitiaRC - NT
MilitiaRC - Qld
MilitiaRC - SA
MilitiaRC - Tas
MilitiaRC - Vic
MilitiaRC - WA
Militiaz - New Zealand
Tk - Turkish Items
Tk - Army
Tk - Bks - Books
Tk - Bks - 1/33IR
Tk - Bks - 27th IR
Tk - Bks - Air Force
Tk - Bks - Yildirim
Tk - POWs
Wp - Weapons
Wp - Hotchkiss Cav
Wp - Hotchkiss PMG
Blog Tools
Edit your Blog
Build a Blog
RSS Feed
View Profile
Open Community
Post to this Blog
Site Index
Education Centre
LH Militia
Boer War
Transport Ships
LH Battles
ALH - Units
ALH - General
Aboriginal Light H
Weapons
Ottoman Sources

"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Wednesday, 5 August 2009
Romani, Sinai, 4-5 August 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account Appendix
Topic: AIF - 1B - 2 LHR

Battle of Romani

Sinai, 4 - 5 August 1916

2nd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account Appendix

 

War Diary account of the 2nd LHR, AIF.

 

The transcription:

 
I beg to submit my report on operations from 3rd to 5th insts inclusive.

On the evening of the 3rd inst. I took up Outpost line as ordered from Mt Meredith exclusive to high ground South of Hod el Enna inclusive, “A” Squadron (Major Birkbeck) taking right of line, Section of MG Squadron (Lt Hackney) centre and “B” Squadron (Major Shanahan) left of line and in touch with 3rd LH Regt there. “C” Squadron (Capt Stodart) was in reserve and was stationed behind my HQ at second re-entrant South of Mt Meredith. Strong enemy patrols probed our line throughout the night and supports were eaten up very early. By midnight all my reserves except one Troop were employed in Strengthening the line which was very thin owing to the considerable frontage. I repeatedly asked for reinforcements which Brigade were unable to supply and by 0200 on 4th inst. It was apparent that the line would have to swing back or be penetrated. The Right, being hard pressed and in danger of being cut off, Major Birkbeck wisely withdrew to strengthen the MG Section, advising me of his action. The enemy then made a determined attack on the line held by “B” Squadron and I was obliged to put every available man, Reg HQ Staff, Signallers and batmen under Captain Stodart to prevent the Turks breaking through between “B” Squadron and the Machine Guns. About this time the telephone line was broken and I had no further communication. About 0330 it was seen that Mt Meredith was occupied by the enemy and Major Shanahan was thus taken in flank. His position was most precarious and the greatest credit is due to him and his Squadron for the way they held on in compliance with my orders. “A” Squadron of the 1st LH Regt had been sent by Brigade to support him and I sent Sergt Menzies to guide it to him but it never quite reached his position. I was now informed that the 3rd Regt on my left had been forced to withdraw and it became apparent to me that I should be surrounded. I therefore sent back to select a position to retire to in neighbourhood of Hod Abu Adi. I hung on to the centre of my position till the last possible moment in order to allow Major Birbeck and the MG Section to withdraw and get round behind my Right. The Turks were now among the led horses of “B” Squadron and within 50 yards of mine. I therefore ordered Captain Stodart to withdraw which we did at the gallop under a very heavy fire from three directions. On the previously mentioned position I had selected I converted my Outpost line which was naturally much disorganised, into a Rearguard for a withdrawal to Wellington Ridge and if necessary to Etmaler. The greatest credit is due to all Officers and Other Ranks of the Regiment that this difficult operation was carried out. It enabled several of my men who had been unhorses, to rejoin, but its chief object was to allow Major Birbeck and the MG Section to get round via Hod es Seifanya and rejoin me which they did on the second ridge to which we retired. Here we linked up with part of the 1st and 3rd Regiments. The withdrawal to Etmaler was carried out in an orderly manner by troops, each ridge in turn being held till we were outflanked and suffering losses from enfilade fire. I wish to bring under your notice the excellent work of Major Markwell, my Second in Command. The credit of the successful withdrawal of my Right is in a great measure due to him. He was invaluable to me throughout the night aw owing to difficulty of communication, he frequently had to act on his own initiative and his judgement was invariably correct. I consider his consistently good work, followed by this action of night of 3rd/4th August entitles him to substantial recognition. He also gave very great assistance in getting unhorses men away under very heavy fire. I strongly recommend him for DSO.

The work of Captain Stodart on the same night was also splendid. The position in the centre was held by him till the last possible moment and the withdrawal under heavy fire was admirably carried out. His work throughout has been consistently good. I have already brought to your notice his action in assisting to carry a wounded man away under heavy fire at Qatia some days ago. His control of his Squadron under extreme conditions has been admirable. I recommend him for DSO.

Major Shanahan, who I regret ot say was badly wounded during the Rearguard action while carrying in a wounded man, also did very good work. His Squadron held its ground immediately South of Mt Meredith even after that hill had been taken by the enemy. The Turks were among his led horses with the bayonet when he was forced to retire. He himself brought several unhorses men from the Outpost position hanging on to his stirrup leathers. I consider that his determination and self sacrifice should be recognised suitably.

Among the other Officers, where one and all did their duty6 so magnificently, it is difficult to discriminate but I think the work of Major Birkbeck and Lieurenant Hackney fo the MG Squadron deserves mention.

It is impossible to do justice to the work of all NCOs and men but in my opinion the following deserve mention:-

No 107 Acting Squadron Sergeant Major JA Menzies for especially good work on night of 3rd/4th August in assisting to organise the Outpost position and supervise Cossack Posts and in carrying orders in the dark where the two lines were so close that is was almost impossible to distinguish them.

No 350 Corporal C Mowbray for excellent work while in charge of a Cossack Post which he held on to till the last minute. He also carried a wounded man out of action on his horse under heavy fire. This man also did good work on Gallipoli. He was severely wounded at Quinn’s Post in the wortie of 7th August 1915.

No 1172 MH Shand for assisting to organise scattered parties of men who were without leaders during the withdrawal from Outpost Line to Wellington Ridge. These he formed up and led into action himself at a very critical moment. There were no Officers or NCO about at that particular point.

No 534 Sergeant T Kirkbride for his coolness, judgement and devotion while acting as Troop Leader by keeping his men together in a dangerous and exposed position whilst covering the retirement of other troops thereby risking being cut off.

On morning of 4th inst. I assembled as many men of the Brigade I could gather in the vicinity of Etmaler and reported to Divisional Headquarters. I subsequently received orders that my Regiment was temporarily attached to the 2nd LH Bde and was instructed by Colonel Royston to assist in the sweeping operation from Bir el Arais, Bir abu Diyuk and Mt Royston. My Regiment was again employed in the Outpost line that night. At 0400 on 5th inst. In conjunction with 7th LH Regiment my Regiment advanced and carried high ridges between Mt Meredith and Mt Royston with the bayonet. During the advance we captured over 400 prisoners, 67 laden camels, some horses, a great quantity of rifles and equipment, a complete Field Hospital and two German Machine Guns with German crew of six men. The officer, unfortunately, escaped but his papers were taken and handed to Major Foster of Divisional Staff. They included Diary, Operation Order for attack on Romani, plan of the defences of Qatia and appreciation of the situation. [See below, editor] The Regiment also assisted in the capture of about 600 Turks who were left with the 7th LH Regiment.

Led horses were brought up to the men about Mt Meredith. The Regiment subsequently was ordered to rejoin the 1st LH Brigade near Qatia. Men and horses are naturally very exhausted.

I confidently trust that the work of the Regiment during these few days will meet with your approval and would like to emphasise what I consider the chief points, viz:-

  1. The holding of an extended Outpost line in face of strong attack.
  2. The conversion of this Outpost Line into an effective Rearguard. This enabled the remainder of the 1st LH Bde who were to the North of us, to seize positions and gave the 2nd LH Bde time to get out.
  3. The advance on foot with bayonet under heavy fire resulting in capture of many prisoners and much enemy material.

I regret to say the operations resulted in the loss of Lieutenant Righetti and Lieutenant Woodyatt killed, Major Shanahan severely wounded and Lieutenant  Pledger wounded. The total casualties are 9 killed, 30 wounded and 10 missing.


 
Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 
Citation: Romani, Sinai, 4-5 August 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account Appendix

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 26 October 2009 12:59 PM EADT

View Latest Entries

Full Site Index


powered by FreeFind
Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our forum.

Desert Column Forum

A note on copyright

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

Please Note: No express or implied permission is given for commercial use of the information contained within this site.

A note to copyright holders

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has made every endeavour to contact copyright holders of material digitised for this blog and website and where appropriate, permission is still being sought for these items. Where replies were not received, or where the copyright owner has not been able to be traced, or where the permission is still being sought, the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has decided, in good faith, to proceed with digitisation and publication. Australian Light Horse Studies Centre would be happy to hear from copyright owners at any time to discuss usage of this item.

Contact

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

eXTReMe Tracker