Topic: Militia - LHS - 17/23/18
17th/23rd/18th Australian Light Horse
Adelaide Mounted Rifles [1844 - 1899]
Below is a brief historical outline from RK Peacock, Evolution of Australian Light Horse Regiments 1841-1935, Unpublished MSS, c.1936, p. 3.
The flame which kindled the fire bringing the regiment into existence dates back to the year 1841 when a Squadron of Cavalry was raised in Adelaide. During 1844 a small reorganisation was effected brining forth the Adelaide Mounted Rifle Corps, which, by 1867 was composed of four troops, vis. No. 1 Molong Troop; No. 2 Strathalbyn Troop; No. 3 Adelaide Troop and No. 4 Reedbeds Troop. In 1899 the Adelaide Mounted Rifle Corps had become the South Australian Mounted Rifles and No 3 Adelaide Troop became No. 1 Squadron, together with portion of troops at Yankalilla, Inman Valley and Victor Harbor. By 1901 the No. 1 troop at Adelaide became the active portion of the mounted rifles the remainder being styled the reserves. In the Federal reorganisation of 1903 No. 1 Squadron (active) and No. 2, 4 and 5 Squadrons (reserve) were formed into a regiment styled 16th Australian Light Horse Regiment (South Australian Mounted Rifles) with four Squadrons, also an attached squadron designated No. 5 Squadron. At the reorganisation of 1912 Nos. 2, 3 and, 4 Squadrons of the 16th, A.L.H. Regiment, together with No. 4 Squadron of the 17th. A.L.H. Regiment became the 22nd Light Horse (SAMR) whilst No. 1 Squadron of the 16th formed the nucleus of the 23rd Light Horse (q.v.). The other changes which followed this regiment did not occur until 1918 when the 22nd. Light horse continued as the 3rd Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles) and as such it continued until the Divisional re-organisation of 1921 when part of the 3rd Light Horse Regiment and part of the 30th Light Horse Regiment became designated 3rd Light Horse Regiment (South Australian Mounted Rifles).
Regimental Structure 1903 -1920
This section explores the evolution of the Regiment from its first origins as a Commonwealth formation. Each year maps the movement of men and often locations of the various Squadrons and Troops. To get the flavour of the Regiment, it is best to begin the journey at 1903 and follow though each year till 1920.
South Australian Mounted Rifles
17th Australian (South Australian Mounted Rifles) Light Horse
23rd (Barossa) Australian Light Horse
18th Adelaide Lancers Light Horse Regiment
Service in the Great War
Roll of Honour
Lest we forget.
Citation: 17th/23rd/18th Australian Light Horse, Contents