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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Tuesday, 29 April 2003
Boer War - West Australia, Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902, Outline
Topic: BW - WA

Boer War - Western Australia

Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902

Outline


 

In 1911, Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, produced a marvellous Boer War reference detailing all the contingents sent from Australia to South Africa, giving a brief history of the formation and finally, listing all the soldiers who saw service in South Africa with that unit. The book was called, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa. It is now the standard reference and starting place for any person interested in pursuing information about Australian involvement in the Boer War.

Murray, P. L., Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa, p. 395.

 

Western Australia Prefactory.

Western Australia despatched six Contingents to the war, besides her quota of the Commonwealth Contingents. The first three, consisting of one Company each, were paid by the Colonial Government; the remainder by the Imperial ; and horses and saddlery were provided, as well as (in the earlier Contingents) regimental transport. The 4th Contingent consisted of one Company ; the 5th and 6th, of two Companies each ; and the two latter Contingents amalgamated in South Africa, One half-Company ("E") was contributed to 2nd Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse ; one Company ("D") to 4th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse and one Squadron ("D") to 8th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse.

The Camp for preliminary training and organization was at Karrakatta.

The first Contingent served with General Clements' Column near Colesberg and Orange Free State. With Major-General Button's Column on advance from Bloemfontein to occupation of Pretoria. With Colonel De Lisle's Column from capture of Pretoria to departure from South Africa, 13th December, 1900. Claimed as per medal roll for Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, Wittebergen, and Cape Colony.

The second Contingent was with General Pole-Carew's Column from advance from Bloemfontein to engagement at Belfast. With Colonel De Lisle's Column afterwards until departure. Claimed medal roll for Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, Cape Colony, Orange Free State, and Belfast.

The third Contingent did duty with General Carrington's Column through Rhodes* until after relief of Eland's River; subsequently with Lord Methuen's Column, and afterwards with General Plumer. Claimed medal roll, Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, and Rhodesia.

The fourth Contingent served with General Clements' Column, including Wittebergen and Bethlehem. Medal roll for Wittebergen, Cape Colony, and Transvaal.

The fifth Contingent was with General W. Kitchener's Column in Eastern Transvaal; Natal, and Orange Free State ; with Colonel Campbell's and Colonel Wing's Columns in Eastern Transvaal. Medal roll for Transvaal.

The sixth Contingent served with General W. Kitchener's Column in Eastern Transvaal, Natal, and Orange Free State; with Colonel Campbell's, Colonel Benson's, and Colonel Wing's Columns in Eastern Transvaal. Medal roll for Transvaal.

The half unit in 2nd Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse, participated in the great "drive," terminating at the railway line near Vryburg, which practically brought the war to a conclusion.


 

Further Reading:

Boer War - West Australia

Boer War, 1899 - 1902

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Boer War - West Australia, Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 2 May 2010 4:15 PM EADT
Monday, 28 April 2003
Boer War - Western Australia, Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902, Details
Topic: BW - WA

Boer War - Western Australia

Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902

Details

 

CONTINGENT    DEPARTED    RETURNED





1st (Western Australian Mounted Infantry)    November 7, 1899    December 29, 1900
2nd (Western Australian Mounted Infantry)    February 3, 1900    December 8, 1900
3rd (Western Australian Bushmen)    March 13, 1900    May 28, 1901
4th (Western Australian Mounted Infantry)    May 8, 1900    July 20, 1901
5th (Western Australian Mounted Infantry)    March 6, 1901    May 17, 1902
6th (Western Australian Mounted Infantry)    April 10, 1901    May 17, 1902
2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse (WA)    February 26, 1902    July 25, 1902
4th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse (WA)    April 7, 1902    July 30, 1902
8th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse (WA)    June 2, 1902    July 24, 1902

 

Further Reading:

Boer War - Western Australia

Boer War - Western Australia, Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902, Roll of Honour

Boer War, 1899 - 1902

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Boer War - Western Australia, Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902, Details

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 26 April 2010 10:47 PM EADT
Saturday, 26 April 2003
Boer War - West Australia, Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902, Roll of Honour
Topic: BW - WA

Boer War, 1899 - 1902

Australian Forces

Roll of Honour

West Australia


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men known to have served at one time with the West Australian forces and gave their lives in service of Australia, whether as part of the West Australian forces or another unit during the Boer War.

 

Roll of Honour

 

Francis Thomas ADAM, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Robert ALDAY, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Thomas Hotspur ANGEL, 3rd West Australian Imperial Bushmen.

 

George Neville BISHOP, 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Arthur BLANCK, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

William Frederick BOLLINGER, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

Clarence Chudleigh CLIFFORD, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Murray William COLLETT, 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Michael CONWAY, 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry.

W CROOM, 2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

 

James George DALLISTON, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

James DELAHUNTY, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

William John DUNSTAN, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

Frederick Francis EDWARDS, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

Benjamin FISHER, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Harold FORCE, 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Anthony Alexander FORREST, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

William FRASER, 4th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Oliver Edwin FRY, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Richard Joseph FURLONG, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

John GREEN, 2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

Gidgeon James GRIEVE, Special Service Officers, attached to 2nd The Black Watch.

 

Edgar Anthony HAMBLY, 3rd West Australian Imperial Bushmen.

Arthur HAMMOND, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Thomas HARLAND, 4th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

Thomas William HARRIS, 2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

Geoffrey Gordon William HENSMAN, 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Geoffrey Gordon William HENSMAN, 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry.

James HUME, 3rd West Australian Imperial Bushmen.

Robert Thomas HUNTER, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

Ernest George ILES, 4th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

James KAY, 4th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

H E LOCKE, 4th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

 

George S MACKAY, 2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

R MCGREGOR, 8th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

Robert Henry MCGREGOR, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

William John MCPHEE, 3rd West Australian Imperial Bushmen.

Hatherly George MOOR, 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry.

G A MORIS, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

Edward O'BRIEN, 2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

 

Frank PAGE, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Walter PARKER, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

Stanley Spencer REID, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

John ROSCOE, 3rd West Australian Imperial Bushmen.

James RYAN, 4th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

 

John SEMPLE, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

H R SHERRINGHAM, 4th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

D'Arcy SMITH, 4th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

Herbert SOLOMON, 5th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Richard Walter SPENCER, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

J D SUTTON, 4th Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

 

Thomas Kells TAPLIN, 2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

John Bates Milne THURSTON, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

George WESTCOTT, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

Henry WHITE, 3rd West Australian Imperial Bushmen.

Phillip Henry WICKERSON, 2nd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse, West Australia.

Thomas Henry WILSON, 6th West Australian Mounted Infantry.

 

Lest We Forget

 

Further Reading:

Boer War - West Australia

Boer War, 1899 - 1902

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Boer War - Western Australia, Contingents sent, 1899 - 1902, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 26 April 2010 11:13 PM EADT
Friday, 25 April 2003
1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Contents
Topic: BW - WA - 1WAMI

1st WAMI

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry

Outline

 

Items

Outline

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Outline 

Departure

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Departure

Nominal Roll

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Nominal Roll

 

 

Roll of Honour

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Roll of Honour

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Roll of Honour 

Boer War, 1899 - 1902

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 2 May 2010 4:23 PM EADT
Thursday, 24 April 2003
1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Outline
Topic: BW - WA - 1WAMI

1st WAMI

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry

Outline

 

Map illustrating the activities of the 1st Western Australian Mounted Infantry in South Africa, 1902.

[From: Chamberlain, M., The Australians in the South African War 1899-1902, Canberra, 1999.]

 

In 1911, Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, produced a marvellous Boer War reference detailing all the contingents sent from Australia to South Africa, giving a brief history of the formation and finally, listing all the soldiers who saw service in South Africa with that unit. The book was called, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa. It is now the standard reference and starting place for any person interested in pursuing information about Australian involvement in the Boer War.

Murray, P. L., Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa, pp. 396 - 398.

 

First Mounted Infantry Contingent.

In the Western Australian Government Gazette of 13th October, 1899, appeared a notification that His Excellency the Governor in Council had been pleased to sanction the formation of a Company of Infantry, with an establishment of 1 captain, 3 lieutenants, and 125 other ranks, for service with Her Majesty's Imperial Forces in South Africa. The period of engagement to be for one year, but this was subsequently extended (Western Australian Government Gazette, 19th October, 1900). Men between the ages of 20 and 30 were qualified for enlistment. There was a Machine Gun Section.

 

Pay.

For officers, upon the same scale as in other States; for Warrant Officers, N.C.O.'s, and men, as follows:- Company Sergeant-Major, 9s. per diem ; Sergeants 8s.. Corporals, 7s.; paid Lance-Corporals' 5s.; privates and buglers, 4s. 6d.; 2s.6d. per diem to be retained as deferred pay and handed over on completion of engagement, but forfeited in case of desertion or dismissal for misconduct, and for every day on which actual pay was forfeited.

It was stipulated also that pay and allowances were to be considered as in full; and that any payments made by the Imperial Government to members of the Contingent for service in South Africa, would be deducted there from.

 

Clothing and Equipment

Uniform consisted of khaki drill jacket (2), drill trousers (3), F.S. hat, and forage-cap (Glengarry). Greatcoat, ankle-boots, and blue Guernsey were also provided, together with the following kit - 1 tin blacking, 1 pair braces, I set brushes, 1 button-holder, comb, knife, fork, and spoon, holdall, clasp-knife and lanyard, canvas kit-bag, razor and case, 3 flannel shirts, 3 pairs woollen socks, 1 piece soap, sponge, 2 towels.

Arms and equipment. - M.L.E. rifle and bayonet, infantry valise equipment and entrenching tools.

Regimental transport was provided.

 

Departure and Return

The Contingent went away on 7th November, 1899, consisting of 5 officers, 125 others, with 17 horses, 2 maxim guns, I spring-cart, and 2 wagons. Two officers, 4 others, died or were killed; 4 were struck off in South Africa; 5 officers, 115 others, returned to Australia. Two promotions from ranks.


Promotions, Etc.

Captain H. G. Moor, promoted Major, 14th October, 1899.

Lieutenant F. M. W. Parker, promoted Captain, let January, 1901. Lieutenant H. F. Darling, promoted Captain, 5th Contingent, 11th December, 1900.

Lieutenant J. Campbell, Captain, 11th December, 1900; to 6th Contingent, 8th March, 1901.

Major G. F. McWilliams (Medical Staff), promoted Lieut: Colonel, 12th December, 1900.

Sergeant A. J. B. Brown, promoted Lieutenant, 22nd April, 1900. Captain, 5th Contingent, 25th June, 1901.

Sergeant G. G. W. Hensman, Lieutenant, 1st January, 1900.

Lance-Corporal A. E. Malay, became Lieutenant (6th Contingent), 8th March, 1901.

Lance-Corporal J. F. Messer, Lieutenant, 5th Contingent, 11th December,

1800.

Private N. Sherard, commissioned Lieutenant, 6th Contingent, 11th December,

1800.

Private F. W. Bell, commissioned Lieutenant, 6th Contingent, 8th March, 1901.

Private G. A. Mons, commissioned Lieutenant, 6th Contingent, 21st August

1901.

For promotions of N.C.O.'s and men, vide nominal roll.

 

Service.

The Contingent left Albany on the 7th November, 1899, in the transport Medic, together with Victorian, South Australian, and Tasmanian units, and arrived at Cape Town on 27th November. These companies were there formed into "The Australian Regiment," and were joined subsequently by a Company from New South Wales. On lot December, the Regiment entrained for De Aar to join the Kimberley Relief Force; and were employed on the lines of communication between De Aar and Modder River. On let February, 1900, the Western Australian Company was converted into Mounted Infantry at Naauwpoort, as were also the others.

For details of service between November, 1898, and April, 1800, when the Regiment was broken up, vide let Victorian Contingent, under “Australian Regiment." Reference may be directed to General Order, 10th February, 1804, quoted therein, with regard to the gallant defence of a kopje at Slingersfontein (afterwards known as “West Australian Hill") by Captain Moor, with Lieutenants Darling and Hensman, 2 sergeants, and 23 rank and file, against 300 or 400 of the enemy. Mention should be made of Private Krygger's gallantry. After Lieutenant Hensman had fallen mortally wounded, this soldier, under very heavy fire, endeavoured to build a sangar or wall round his officer, as a screen.

Subsequently the lot Western Australians participated in operations in the Transvaal, Orange Free State, and Cape Colony, including actions at Johannesburg, Pretoria, Diamond Hill, Wittebergen, Vet River, Zand River, Waterval Onder, and Colesberg, and many skirmishes. They were with General Clements' Column (as part of the Australian Regiment) ; with Major-General Hutton's Column on advance from Bloemfontein to occupation of Pretoria ; and with Colonel De Lisle's Column, from capture of Pretoria to departure from South Africa.

" At Diamond Rill, 12th June, 1900, the New South Wales Mounted Rifles were ordered to support the 6th Mounted Infantry battalion, and the lot Western Australian Mounted Infantry were held in reserve. About 2 p.m. the advance began, under cover of the pom-pom fire, which was directed on the Boar gun. As soon as De Lisle saw that the battalion had gained a footing on the hill, he brought the pom-poms under shelter of the wall of Rhenosterfontein Farm, at a range of 1,400 yards, and let go the New South Wales Mounted Rifles. Leaving their horses under cover of the dead ground, the Australians came on to the attack in column of troops, the men being opened out at intervals of 30 yards, with 50 yards distance between troops. Extended in this way, the 350 men of the corps created the appearance of a much larger force, and as they swarmed over the crest of the hill with fixed bayonets, the Boers, without waiting for the attack, retired to a second position, some 1,200 yards away. Darkness was just closing over Diamond Hill when the Boers beyond opened a furious fusillade all down the line ; the 2nd Coldstream (;}wards responded with equal energy. The sound as of a few do joie was beard over the whole field. But this was the end; far the English had captured the key of the Boer position." - Times History of the War.

On the 27th June, a post on the railway near Roodeval station was attacked, but the enemy were repulsed by a detachment of the Shropshire Light Infantry with the 1st Western Australian Mounted Infantry, with the aid of a 15-pr. gun on an armoured train.

Ridley's Mounted Infantry Brigade, including the let Western Australians, formed part of the force which Sir Archibald Hunter led into the north-east Orange River Colony, with a view of surrounding, if possible, the enemy under De Wet, and Prinsloo, in the Wittebergen, or Brandwater Basin, as the district was more generally called. On the night of the 15th July, De Wet, with about 1,600 men and some guns, escaped from Slabbert's Nek. General Broadwood, with the 2nd Cavalry Brigade and Ridley's Mounted Infantry, were sent in pursuit. The Boars succeeded in cutting the railway line. On 22nd July, General Knox, at Kroonstad, wired to the General in Command, Central Transvaal, the following from General Broadwood, sent by despatch-rider to Honingspruit, and telegraphed from there to Lord Kitchener:-"Have followed commando since 16th July. Had sharp fight at Palmietfontein on 19th July; prevented from pursuing by darkness. Eight dead Boers found. Our casualties-Billed, Major Moor, Western Australian Mounted Infantry, and four men ; wounded-Lieutenant Stanley, 10th Hussars, Lieutenant Tooth, Australian Contingent, and fourteen men." Major Moor's death was a heavy loss to the 1st Western Australians. His fine leadership had brought his corps into great prominence, considering their small number. There were, besides him, one killed, six wounded.

In the fighting at Stinkhoutboom, 24th July, there were several casualties. At the relief of Colonel Hore at Eland's River, 16th August, the first troops to ride in and receive the thanks of the garrison were De Lisle's Western Australians, here scouting in front of Lord Kitchener's force, which comprised six regiments of regular cavalry. De Lisle's corps reached Pretoria on 28th August, and were thereafter employed in the Central Transvaal. At Waterval Onder, 3rd September, Lieutenant Darling and four men were wounded. On the 15th October, the 1st Western Australians were inspected by Lord Roberts in Pretoria, and were complimented on their work.

On 13th December, 1900, the Contingent left Cape Town in the transport Orient, and arrived at Albany on the 29th. Disbanded on 29th March, 1901.

 

War Services and Honours.

Moor, Major H. G. (Captain, Royal Artillery). - Served in Rhodesian Campaign, 1897. Medal. Operations and actions in Transvaal and Orange Free State. Killed in action, 19th July, 1900.

Parker, Captain F. M. W. - Operations in Transvaal, Orange Free State and Cape Colony, between December, 1899, and December, 1900. Actions at Johannesburg, Pretoria, Diamond Hill, Vet River, Zand River, and Colesberg, Despatches, London Gazette, 19th April, 1901, D.S.O. Queen's Medal with four clasps.

Darling, Lieutenant H. F. - Operations and actions as stated, and in Natal. Slightly wounded, 3rd September, 1900. Subsequently promoted Captain and appointed to the command of the 5th Contingent, 11th December, 1900. Operations in Eastern Transvaal, including actions at Belfast and Rhenoster Kop. Despatches, London Gazette, 16th April, 1901, and 29th July, 1902. D.S.O. Queen's Medal with four clasps.

Campbell, Lieutenant J. - Operations and actions as stated. Commanded Maxim Gun Section. Promoted Captain, and appointed to command of 6th Contingent, 8th March, 1901. Operations in Eastern Transvaal, Mentioned in Commander-in-Chief's despatches, 8th July, 1901. Queen's Medal with four clasps.
 

 

Further Reading:

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry

1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Roll of Honour 

Boer War, 1899 - 1902

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 2 May 2010 4:25 PM EADT

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