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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Monday, 26 July 2004
Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1903 Reorganisation
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld

QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Light Horse Structure 1903

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 

13th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

"A" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"B" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"C" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"E" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry

Independent Squadron

The following two companies were to be formed into an idependent squadron and attached to 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry) for training purposes.

"D" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"F" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry

14th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

The entire 2nd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry was to be renamed 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry).

15th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

"A" Company, 3rd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"B" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"C" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"D" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
Biggenden Company, Queensland Mounted Infantry

Independent Squadron

The following two companies were to be formed into an idependent squadron and attached to 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry) for training purposes.

"B" Company, 3rd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
"C" Company, 3rd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry

Independent Squadron

The following company was to be formed into an idependent squadron and attached to 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry) for training purposes.

"A" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1903 Reorganisation

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 1:50 PM EADT
Australian Light Horse - Full Index, Embarkation Roll: FER to FLE
Topic: AIF - ALH - A to Z

ALH, AIF

Australian Light Horse - Full Index

Embarkation Roll: FER to FLE

 

The following is an alphabetical roll of all members of the Australian Light Horse, AIF who are known to have embarked overseas during the Great War.

Each man is detailed on this reference list with the following information:

First Names;

Family Name;

If applicable, any false name employed; and,

Embarkation unit.

 

Notes

Note 1: All soldiers’ names are linked to the specific unit and date when embarkation occurred. By utilising the link, upon the Embarkation Roll is a brief military biography of the individual. Also on the page are details and picture of the ship in which embarkation occurred for that specific soldier.

Note 2: There are duplications of some names in the following list. The reason for this is that the soldier embarked on more than one occasion. This was the simplest way of resolving the problem of multiple entries for a single individual.

Note 3: In comparing this roll with the official Embarkation Rolls published by the Department of Defence during the Great War, it will be noticed that some names are absent. The reason for this lies in the fact that when the official Embarkation Rolls were compiled, last minute absentees for one reason or another were recorded as embarking whereas in actuality, no embarkation occurred. In addition, there are other names that have been included that do not appear in the official Embarkation Rolls and yet they embarked with that particular group.

 

Finding more about a service person.


Embarkation Roll: FER to FLE

 

Stanley Vernon FERRALL, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Alexander FERRAR, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FERRAR, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

George FERRAR, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Michael Edward FERRAR, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Lawrance Edgar FERRES, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Edward FERRIE, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

James Russell FERRIER, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Leslie FERRIER, 1st Light Horse Signal Troop.

Roy Anthony Percival FERRIER, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Sutton Henry FERRIER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Wilfred Harold FERRIER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Alexander FERRIS, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Archibald Roy FERRIS, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Guiseley FERRIS, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Basil Keoghan FERRIS, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Cecil FERRIS, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Clifford William John FERRIS, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

David Henry FERRIS, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Earl Leslie FERRIS, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward FERRIS, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

James George FERRIS, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Leopold Henry FERRIS, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Leslie FERRIS, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Sydney Eric FERRIS, General Service Reinforcements.

Alexander FERRIS-SCOTT, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Trisstran FERRY, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FERRY, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

John Frederick FERRY, General Service Reinforcements.

Cuthbert Murchison FETHERSTONHAUGH, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

William Harry FEUS, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FEWKES, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Ashley John FEWSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Piero FIASCHI, 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance.

William Claude FIDDICK, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Edward FIDGE, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Edward FIDGE, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Gordon Silas FIDLER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Harry Augustus FIEDLER, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FIELD, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FIELD, 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance.

Cornelius FIELD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Ernest Albert Bartholomew FIELD, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

George Raymond FIELD, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Harry Edwards FIELD, 1st Light Horse Brigade.

Jack FIELD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Joshua FIELD, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Joshua Paul FIELD, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Kenneth Samuel FIELD, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Lindsay McRae FIELD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Robert Palmer FIELD, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas FIELD, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

William FIELD, 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance.

William Smee FIELD, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Wybert Edward FIELD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Harper FIELDER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Samuel Hercules FIELDER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

John Charles FIELDING, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

John Henry FIELDING, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph Loveless FIELDING, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Alfred Wyndham FIELDS, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Ronald FIGUEIREDO, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Ronald FIGUEIREDO, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

James Ernest FILES, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Percival Clement FILLEUL, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

George Anthony Burke FILLMORE, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FILMER, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas William FILMER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Percy John FILSELL, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Albert James FILTNESS, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Berthod August FIMMEL, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Edgar FINCH, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

James Charles FINCH, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

John Henry FINCH, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert Arthur FINCH, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

William Henry FINCH, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

William John FINCH, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Randell Wabe FINCHAM, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

John William FINCHER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas Alfred FINDING, 2nd Light Horse Signal Troop.

Archibald Duncan FINDLAY, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

David Harry FINDLAY, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank FINDLAY, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Wallace Stanley FINDLAY, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

William Herbert James FINDLAY, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Percy FINES, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Norman Harold FINLASON, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur FINLAY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

David Hume FINLAY, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Garfield FINLAY, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Gerald Fonstin FINLAY, 1st Light Horse Brigade.

Gilbert Henry FINLAY, General Service Reinforcements.

Hunter FINLAY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

James Bernard FINLAY, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

John Gordon FINLAY, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Neil McVicar FINLAY, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Nigel Lyall George FINLAY, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Percy William FINLAY, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Richard FINLAY, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert FINLAY, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert FINLAY aka Robert WATSON, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Alfred John FINLAYSON, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick Valentine FINLAYSON, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Robert Barclay FINLAYSON, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Samuel Barclay FINLAYSON, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas FINLAYSON, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Wilfred FINLAYSON, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Cecil FINLEY, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Harry FINLEY, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert George FINN, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

George Daniel FINN, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

George Frederick Leslie FINN, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

John FINN, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

John MacKenzie FINN, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Lawrence Gerald FINN, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas Arthur FINN, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Walter FINN, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert FINN aka Albert Henry SEARS, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert James FINNAGAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

James Edward FINNERAN, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Patrick FINNERTY, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Benjamin FINNEY, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

James Henry FINNEY, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Percy Walter FINNIS, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Clement Nash FINNISS, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Eugene Vogel FINSTER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Leslie FIRMAN, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Hobart Douglas FIRNS, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Sydney Henry FIRRELL, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Alfred Cyril FIRTH, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Andrew FIRTH, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Edward FIRTH, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Kinder FIRTH, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Leslie FIRTH, 1st Light Horse Signal Squadron.

Ernest James FIRTH, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Walter Bertie FIRTH, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Horace FIRTH, 2nd Light Horse Signal Troop.

Russell Arthur FIRTH, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

William FIRTH, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank FISCALINI, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

George Frederick FISCHER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

William Frederick FISCHER, General Service Reinforcements.

John Henry FISHBURN, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert FISHER, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert FISHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Alexander Forrest FISHER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Edmond FISHER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Charles Henry FISHER, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Charles John FISHER, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

David FISHER, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Duncan Ambros Debros FISHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward FISHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward FISHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Henry FISHER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank FISHER, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Gordon Murray FISHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Harold Joseph FISHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Jack Joseph FISHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

John Byers FISHER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

John Henry FISHER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

John Thomas FISHER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Joseph FISHER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph FISHER, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Norman John FISHER, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert FISHER, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert Wilson FISHER, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Roy Durrell FISHER, General Service Reinforcements.

Thomas Abraham FISHER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

William Walter Melville FISHER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Ivo Leslie FISHWICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

George Henry FISK, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

James Stanley FISK, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

John Graham FISK, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Stanley Norman FISK, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward William FITCH, 2nd Light Horse Signal Troop.

Samuel FITCH, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Tom Osborne FITCH, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

John Matthews FITCHER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Ernest Robert FITT, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Henry FITTON, 1st Light Horse Signal Troop.

Noel Arthur FITTS, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank FITZCLARENCE, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Arnold Kevin FITZGERALD, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Bryan Reginald FITZGERALD, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Edward Augustine FITZGERALD, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Desmond Brereton FITZGERALD, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Desmond Landseer FITZGERALD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward Henry FITZGERALD, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Edwin Stewart FITZGERALD, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Ercil FITZGERALD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Gerald FITZGERALD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Xavier FITZGERALD, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

George FITZGERALD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

George FITZGERALD, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Gerald FITZGERALD, 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance.

Henry FITZGERALD, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Horace FITZGERALD, 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

James Francis FITZGERALD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Jim FITZGERALD, 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

John FITZGERALD, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

John FITZGERALD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

John Thomas FITZGERALD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph Francis FITZGERALD, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Michael James FITZGERALD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Michael Maurice FITZGERALD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Nicholas FITZGERALD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Otho Charles FITZGERALD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Owen Nicholson FITZGERALD, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Peter Coleman FITZGERALD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Richard John FITZGERALD, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert James FITZGERALD, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Stephen FITZGERALD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas FITZGERALD, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Walter Thomas FITZGERALD, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

William George Gladstone FITZGERALD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

William Henry FITZGERALD, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

William James FITZGERALD, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

William Thomas FITZGERALD, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Archibald Samuel FITZGIBBON, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Lawrence FITZGIBBON, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Edward FITZGIBBON, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph Leo FITZGIBBON, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Edgar FITZ-HANNAM, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Noel Bickly FITZHARDINGE, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Sydney FITZHENRY, 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

Martin FITZHENRY, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Henry Angus FITZMAURICE, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Henry Arthur FITZMAURICE, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

James FITZMAURICE, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Alan Lorimer FITZPATRICK, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Leslie FITZPATRICK, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FITZPATRICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FITZPATRICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Frederick FITZPATRICK, Light Horse Signal Reinforcements.

Charles Patrick FITZPATRICK, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank FITZPATRICK, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Michael Joseph FITZPATRICK, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Oswald Bertram FITZPATRICK, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Patrick FITZPATRICK, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Paul de Vere FITZPATRICK, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Samuel FITZPATRICK, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas David FITZPATRICK, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas James FITZPATRICK, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

William FITZPATRICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Herbert Cecil FITZROY, General Service Reinforcements.

Joe FITZROY, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward John FITZSIMMONS, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

John Francis FITZSIMMONS, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

John William FITZSIMMONS, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Bernard James FITZSIMONS, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Hector Norman FLACK, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Francis John FLAHERTY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Francis John FLAHERTY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Herbert Walter FLAHERTY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Elworthy Luke FLANAGAN, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Gordon FLANAGAN, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

James Thomas FLANAGAN, General Service Reinforcements.

John FLANAGAN, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

John Henry FLANAGAN, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph Patrick FLANAGAN, 1st Light Horse Signal Squadron.

Michael John FLANAGAN, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Michael Joseph FLANAGAN, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas FLANAGAN, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas John FLANAGAN, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Walter Simeon FLANAGAN, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

William FLANAGAN, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Owen Paschal Joseph FLANAGAN , 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

Arthur James FLANAGAN aka Frank WILLIAMS, General Service Reinforcements.

Martin Patrick FLANAGHAN, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Roy Kellick FLANDERS, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Andrew Francis FLANIGAN, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

John Alfred FLANIGAN, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph Andrew FLANIGAN, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Austin FLANNAGAN, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Patrick Thomas FLANNAGAN, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Cecil Burnett FLANNERY, 14th Light Horse Regiment.

Daniel FLANNERY, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward Patrick FLANNERY, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

William Edward FLANNERY, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Edwin FLATT, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Amos William FLAVEL, 1st Light Horse Signal Squadron.

Oscar Amos FLAVEL, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph FLECK, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Hugo FLECKER, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward Cooper FLEET, General Service Reinforcements.

Frederick William FLEET, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

John FLEET, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Henry Peter FLEGLER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Carl FLEISCHFRESSER, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert FLEMING, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert FLEMING, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Bernard FLEMING, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward FLEMING, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick William FLEMING, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Harry FLEMING, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

James FLEMING, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

James FLEMING, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

James FLEMING, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

James Binnie FLEMING, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

John FLEMING, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Norman MacPherson FLEMING, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Paul FLEMING, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert FLEMING, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Samuel James FLEMING, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Stewart Milne FLEMING, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Victor Lawrence FLEMING, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

William FLEMING, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

 

Previous: FAC to FER

Next:  FLE to FOW

 

Sources Used:

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8, Class 10, Light Horse.

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

Collected Records of Steve Becker.

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse - Full Index

The Light Horse

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse - Full Index, Embarkation Roll: FER to FLE

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 1 April 2010 10:44 PM EADT
Sunday, 25 July 2004
Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 1
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld

QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Outline, Part 1

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 South Africa 1899 - 1902

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment).

 

The following outline of the Queensland Mounted Infantry is extracted from a book written by Joan Starr called Forward: the history of the 2nd / 14th Light Horse (Queensland Mounted Infantry), published Queensland, 1989. This section comes from pp. 1 - 3:

 

From the landing of the First Fleet to the late nineteenth century, Australia was a temporary home for over a quarter of the line regiments of the British Army. In the days when the Regiments of Foot were still numbered, twenty-six of them served in the Australian Colonies. Apart from ceremonial duties their responsibilities were largely of policing: guarding convict chain gangs and jails; protecting settlers from the Aborigines and bushrangers; and protecting the goldfields and gold consignments, and so on. Although many Australian born men were recruited into the British units stationed in Australia, the colonies' defence and internal law were in the hands of the British Army.

In the mid-nineteenth century, as British units were disbanded and the troops withdrew from Australia, the colonies faced the task of raising and funding a standing army of their own, and of coordinating a defence policy. Following the separation of the Colony of Queensland from New South Wales in June 1859, steps were taken to provide for its defence. The responsibilities assumed by the new and sparsely populated colony included the defence of its 3,000 mile coastline, and its vast 670,500 square miles - an area as large as Great Britain, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy combined. For a population of only twenty five thousand, almost one third of which was concentrated in the southeast corner in Brisbane and Ipswich, this was a formidable task. Furthermore the small detachment of Imperial troops had been withdrawn some years earlier so the Colony lacked even the nucleus of a defence organisation upon which to build.

In early February 1860, the Colonial Secretary announced in the Moreton Bay Courier that lists were open for the enlistment of one troop of twenty-five Mounted Rifles and two companies of fifty Riflemen each. All men were to be volunteers and the Mounted Rifles were to supply their own horses and uniforms, the government undertook the supply of weapons and ammunition. The volunteers were to be paid only if called out for service and provision would be made for the families of any men killed in action. It was considered that, "two hours daily on two days of the week would suffice for drill and practice, or even Sunday evenings alone. Such practice would be a healthy and agreeable exercise and would promote sociability and good feeling.

The birth of the unit that is now known as the 2nd/ 14th Light Horse (Queensland Mounted Infantry) occurred on 27 February 1860, when the Governor, Sir George Bowen, approved the Rules and Regulations of the Brisbane Mounted Rifles. The Governor appointed John Bramston as Captain and commander of the troop. Later that year two more troops of the Queensland Mounted Rifles were raised and known by their district titles of Ipswich and Port Curtis.

Following an enthusiastic start the Volunteer Defence Force experienced difficulty retaining its recruits. Within two years the numbers in certain units dwindled due to a lack of interest, and dissatisfaction caused by the government's failure to provide sufficient uniforms and equipment. In March 1863 the Governor dispensed with the services of the Port Curtis troop due to their failure to attend parade, the commissions of the officers were cancelled. The Queensland Mounted Rifles were renamed Queensland Light Horse in 1864, but their numbers continued to dwindle with the troops at Brisbane and Ipswich numbering twenty-five. The Moreton Bay Courier noted that they were the most irregular troops of an unorthodox army. The men were said to be loath to accept discipline and their only usefulness was for the purpose of show. The paper predicted an early disbandment of the remaining mounted troops. Unfortunately, their prediction was accurate and by 1866 both the Brisbane and Ipswich troops had been disbanded. Queensland had chosen, for reasons of economy, to create an amateur defence force. It would take many years for the government to realise its mistake, but in the meantime the Queensland Defence Force continued under difficulties and by 1876 the total number was only 415 men enrolled in artillery and infantry units.

This was all to change as fears of a Russian invasion and concerns over unrest in the Torres Strait region caused a government rethink of its defence policy. In September 1883 an Imperial officer, Lieutenant Colonel George Arthur French, Royal Artillery, was appointed as Commandant of Queensland's Defence Force. French was a committed militiaman who wanted to eliminate the volunteer force completely and create a militia force, or at least one that was partially paid. Although he was not allowed a completely free hand in reorganising the force, French did however generate considerable change in the government's attitude to defence. A professional, he expressed himself forcefully and he would not be ignored when presenting his reports criticising a lack of government action. He had no intention of tolerating indifference and his dynamism had effect.

The Queensland Defence Force was substantially reorganised under the 1884 Defence Act with £35,591 allocated for the 1885-86 year. Under the reorganisation the new Volunteer Corps was gazetted on 4 March 1885. The old volunteer units, with the exception of a few in the country areas, were converted to militia, or paid army. The militia component of the Defence Force had a strength of 110 officers and 1,528 other ranks.

French distinguished between the paid and unpaid forces by calling the militia "Defence Forces" and labelling the unpaid troops "Volunteers". Within three years he had increased the Volunteer Corps to 26 officers and 718 other ranks. Included in the volunteers were the Brisbane Mounted Infantry (renamed Moreton Mounted Infantry in 1885), Bundaberg Mounted Rifles, Gympie Mounted Rifles, Mackay Mounted Rifles, and Charters Towers Mounted Infantry. The 1884 Defence Act and Lieutenant Colonel French had provided Queensland with a stable defence structure, among its finest troops were the mounted soldiers.

 

Previous: Queensland Mounted Infantry

Next: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 2

 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 1

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 1:41 PM EADT
Australian Light Horse - Full Index, Embarkation Roll: FLE to FOW
Topic: AIF - ALH - A to Z

ALH, AIF

Australian Light Horse - Full Index

Embarkation Roll: FLE to FOW

 

The following is an alphabetical roll of all members of the Australian Light Horse, AIF who are known to have embarked overseas during the Great War.

Each man is detailed on this reference list with the following information:

First Names;

Family Name;

If applicable, any false name employed; and,

Embarkation unit.

 

Notes

Note 1: All soldiers’ names are linked to the specific unit and date when embarkation occurred. By utilising the link, upon the Embarkation Roll is a brief military biography of the individual. Also on the page are details and picture of the ship in which embarkation occurred for that specific soldier.

Note 2: There are duplications of some names in the following list. The reason for this is that the soldier embarked on more than one occasion. This was the simplest way of resolving the problem of multiple entries for a single individual.

Note 3: In comparing this roll with the official Embarkation Rolls published by the Department of Defence during the Great War, it will be noticed that some names are absent. The reason for this lies in the fact that when the official Embarkation Rolls were compiled, last minute absentees for one reason or another were recorded as embarking whereas in actuality, no embarkation occurred. In addition, there are other names that have been included that do not appear in the official Embarkation Rolls and yet they embarked with that particular group.

 

Finding more about a service person.


Embarkation Roll: FLE to FOW

 

William Finley FLEMMING, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Burch FLETCHER, General Service Reinforcements.

Colin Innes FLETCHER, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Denzil Roy FLETCHER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Donald Munro FLETCHER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Ernest Henry FLETCHER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Francis Goodall FLETCHER, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank Alexander FLETCHER, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank Vivian FLETCHER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

George Bailey FLETCHER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

George William FLETCHER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Harry Albert FLETCHER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Harry Ockendon FLETCHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Harry Oliver FLETCHER, General Service Reinforcements.

Howard Bowden FLETCHER, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

James FLETCHER, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Jeffrey William FLETCHER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

John FLETCHER, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph Claude FLETCHER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Louis FLETCHER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Norman Theodore FLETCHER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Ronald John FLETCHER, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Samuel FLETCHER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas William FLETCHER, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Vivian Clyde FLETCHER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

James Paterson FLETT, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Lenmore Milton FLETT, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Ernest Edwin FLINT, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Gladstone FLINT, General Service Reinforcements.

Percy FLINT, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Percy Edwin FLINT, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

William Thomas Henry FLINT, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Harold Arthur FLITCROFT, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Horace FLITCROFT, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

William Daniel FLITCROFT, 1st Light Horse Brigade.

John Tennyson FLOCKHART, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Walter Stanley FLOHR, General Service Reinforcements.

Herbert Archibald FLOOD, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Thomas William FLOOD, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

William FLOOD, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

William Thomas FLOOD, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

William Wallace FLOOD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Benjamin FLORANCE, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Victor Aikman FLORANCE, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles James FLORANT, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Hedley Vickers FLOWER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

James Herbert FLOWER, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Maxwell Addison FLOWER, 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

William John FLOWERS, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Ernest FLOYD, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Harry FLOYD, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Lawrence Leslie FLOYD, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Lawrence Leslie FLOYD, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Francis William FLUENT, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles James FLUTTER, 14th Light Horse Regiment.

Jack FLUX, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Cyril John Alfred FLYNN, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Dennis Joseph FLYNN, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Herbert Gerrad FLYNN, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Hugh Michael FLYNN, 4th Light Horse Field Ambulance.

James Arthur FLYNN, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

John FLYNN, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

John Baulks FLYNN, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

John Patrick FLYNN, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

John Patrick FLYNN, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Leonard FLYNN, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Matthew Paul FLYNN, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Michael FLYNN, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Patrick Michael FLYNN, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

William Daniel FLYNN, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

William Patrick FLYNN, General Service Reinforcements.

Frank FLYNNE, General Service Reinforcements.

Alfred George FOGARTY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

James Patrick FOGARTY, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

John Bede FOGARTY, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

John Leo FOGARTY, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph Wiliam FOGARTY, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Martin FOGARTY, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Michael Alphonso FOGARTY, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

William FOGARTY, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

William Patrick FOGARTY, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward FOGG, General Service Reinforcements.

Sydney James FOGG, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Ernest Bertram FOGWELL, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Jack FOGWELL, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

John Anton Alexis FOHRMAN, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Gordon Miller FOLBIGG, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Claude Eustace FOLEY, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

James FOLEY, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Lawrence FOLEY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Leopold John Cummings FOLEY, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Lloyd James FOLEY, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Michael Bernard FOLEY, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Patrick FOLEY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Percy Joseph FOLEY, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Russell Miles FOLEY, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas Augustine FOLEY, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Victor Joseph FOLEY, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

William Bernard FOLEY, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

William James FOLEY, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Malvern Plympton FOLLAND, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

James Martin FOLLENT, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

William Martin FOLLERS, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas White FOLLOWS, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

William James FOLPP, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Ernest FONTANA, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

George FONTANA, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert Bartholomew FONTANA, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Alfred Vivian Michael Clare FONTINE, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Walter Denman FOO, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

George Thomas FOORD, 1st Light Horse Brigade.

Roderick Charles FOORD, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Alexander Madden FOOT, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

George Peirce FOOT, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Vivian Cyril FOOT, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

George William FOOTE, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Norman Victor FOOTE, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

William James FOOTE, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

William James Claude FOOTE, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Harold Frederick FOOTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Ormond Stanley FOOTIT, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Oscar Herman FOOTNER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Con Emil FOPP, 4th Light Horse Field Ambulance.

Edward James FORAN, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Herbert FORAN, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Alan Robert FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Archie FORBES, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Benjamin FORBES, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Bertram FORBES, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank Francis FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

George Archibald FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

George Lester FORBES, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Henry FORBES, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Ivan Robert FORBES, 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance.

James FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

James Bell FORBES, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Reginald D'Oyly FORBES, General Service Reinforcements.

Richard Andrew FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Roderick McDonald FORBES, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

William Charles FORBES, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

William George FORBES, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

William John FORBY, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Edward FORD, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur Ernest FORD, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Benjamin FORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles FORD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Charles Henry FORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Edwin Thomas FORD, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Eric Victor FORD, General Service Reinforcements.

Ernest FORD, 1st Light Horse Brigade.

Francis FORD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick Francis FORD, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

George FORD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

George Henry FORD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Henry FORD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Henry Daniel FORD, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Henry Estwick FORD, 14th Light Horse Regiment.

Jack George FORD, Light Horse Signal Reinforcements.

James Christopher FORD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Laurie FORD, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Lyle Thomas Edwin FORD, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Michael Joseph FORD, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Paul Oscar FORD, Light Horse Reinforcements.

Percy FORD, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Percy Clive FORD, 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance.

Richard FORD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Richard Oscar FORD, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Sidney Alfred FORD, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas William Celon FORD, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Victor Harold FORD, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Walter FORD, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Walter FORD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Wilfred Frank FORD, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

William Thomas FORD, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert Assheton FORDE, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas Charles FORDE, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Bernard FORDEN, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

John Joseph FORDER, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Noel Archibald FORDHAM, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Eric William FOREMAN, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick George Hilliary FOREMAN, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

John Lester FOREMAN, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Victor George FOREMAN, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Antonio FORMATTI, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur George FORREST, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Bertie Thomas FORREST, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Edward Norman FORREST, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank Milton FORREST, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Harold Smith FORREST, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

James Ramsay FORREST, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

John FORREST, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

John Austin FORREST, Light Horse Signal Reinforcements.

Leslie FORREST, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Leslie Bunbry Lousaine FORREST, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Philip McIlwraith FORREST, General Service Reinforcements.

Roy Everard FORREST, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas William FORREST, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Jack FORRESTER, 3rd Light Horse Signal Troop.

Joseph Raymond FORRESTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur FORS, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Augustus FORS, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur William FORSTER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Eustace Ryan FORSTER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick John FORSTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick John FORSTER, 13th Light Horse Regiment.

George Irvine FORSTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Peter Aitkin FORSTER, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

Rupert Montague FORSTER, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Victor FORSTER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Walter Blake FORSTER, General Service Reinforcements.

William Bateman FORSTER, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Afred Ernest FORSYTH, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Alexander Gibson FORSYTH, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur FORSYTH, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Collin Bathurst FORSYTH, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

David Keith FORSYTH, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Francis Stuart FORSYTH, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

James Davidson FORSYTH, 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance.

James Thomas FORSYTH, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

John Keatley FORSYTH, 1st Light Horse Brigade.

Percy Samuel FORSYTH, 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

Reginald James Thomas FORSYTH, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Robert FORSYTH, 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

Robert FORSYTH, 1st Australian Wireless Squadron.

Robert Bruce FORSYTH, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Sidney Colin Kenneth FORSYTH, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

William Archibald FORSYTH, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Archibald Murdock FORSYTHE, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Stuart Macquary FORSYTHE, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Cecil Maurice FORTESCUE, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Hedley Arthur FORTH, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Montague Eli Frederick FORTH, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Horace Andrew FORWARD, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

James FORWARD, General Service Reinforcements.

Kenneth Ernest FORWARD, General Service Reinforcements.

Thomas William FORWARD, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

George Vincent FOSBERRY, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

George Samuel FOSKETT, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Denroach Hubert FOSS, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Henry Clinton FOSS, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Vincent FOSTER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Alfred Rayner FOSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Alfred Raynor FOSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Andrew FOSTER, General Service Reinforcements.

Arthur Clement FOSTER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Arthur George FOSTER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Arthur Joseph FOSTER, 1st Light Horse Signal Troop.

Charles Frederick FOSTER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

David Henry FOSTER, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

Edward FOSTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Oliver FOSTER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Francis Patrick FOSTER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick Arthur FOSTER, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Frederick Gascoyne FOSTER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

George FOSTER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

George Hatton FOSTER, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

George Leonard FOSTER, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

George Reginald FOSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Jack FOSTER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

James FOSTER, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

John FOSTER, 5th Light Horse Regiment.

John Frederick FOSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

John George FOSTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

John George FOSTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Joseph FOSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Mark William FOSTER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Peter Karin FOSTER, 7th Light Horse Regiment.

Raymond Wiltshire FOSTER, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Robert James FOSTER, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Thomas Arthur Benjamin FOSTER, Light Horse Signal Reinforcements.

William FOSTER, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

William FOSTER, Light Horse Signal Reinforcements.

Andrew FOSTERNALLY, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

Alan Beveridge FOTHERINGHAM, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Harold Alexander FOTHERINGHAM, 6th Light Horse Regiment.

Roy Sterling FOTHERINGHAM, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Roy Stirling FOTHERINGHAM, 11th Light Horse Regiment.

Claude FOUBISTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Bruce McKenzie FOULIS, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

Cecil FOULIS, 4th Light Horse Field Ambulance.

Douglas Charles FOULKES-TAYLOR, 10th Light Horse Regiment.

Frank Edgar FOULSHAM, 1st Light Horse Regiment.

Albert Edward FOUND, 8th Light Horse Regiment.

James FOUND, General Service Reinforcements.

George Cuppage FOUNTAIN, 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

Stanley Ernest FOUNTAIN, 12th Light Horse Regiment.

Andrew FOURA, 3rd Light Horse Regiment.

James Henry FOWELS, 4th Light Horse Regiment.

Robert Edwin FOWKE, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.

 

Previous: FER to FLE

Next:  FOW to FUL

 

Sources Used:

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8, Class 10, Light Horse.

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

Collected Records of Steve Becker.

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse - Full Index

The Light Horse

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse - Full Index, Embarkation Roll: FLE to FOW

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 24 July 2010 2:09 PM EADT
Saturday, 24 July 2004
Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 2
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld

QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Outline, Part 2

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 South Africa 1899 - 1902

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment).

 

The following outline of the Queensland Mounted Infantry is extracted from a book written by Joan Starr called Forward: the history of the 2nd / 14th Light Horse (Queensland Mounted Infantry), published Queensland, 1989. This section comes from pp. 4 - 9:

 

Towns in Queensland affected by the Shearers' Strike, 1890.

 

The Shearers' Strike

The first "action" for the Queensland Defence Force occurred in 1891 in the Western District of the Colony in what was to become known as the "Shearers' Strike". The confrontation began in the late 1880s when leading pastoralists, feeling the pinch of lower wool prices announced they would reduce the pay of the shearers. The shearers were already seething at their unjust conditions, they were paid as low as eight shillings per hundred sheep and then had to pay unusually high prices for the goods provided by the squatters, often leaving the shearers as little as fifteen shillings per week. For this they worked eleven hours per day and were accommodated in the roughest of conditions - earth-floored huts without ventilation or lights. They could not quit for fear of forfeiting accumulated pay, but the squatter on the other hand could withhold payment if he considered a sheep not properly shorn, and he could dismiss a worker without reason and not pay a penny for work already completed. To counter these unfair conditions, the shearers formed unions and between 1886-89 staged more than three hundred minor strikes and walk outs.

In 1890, the Queensland Shearers' Union was strong enough for a full-scale showdown. The crisis came to a head when the union demanded that only union labour be used in the sheds. Initially the pastoralists refused, but they backed down when wharf labourers refused to handle wool shorn by non-unionists. However, in late 1890, the pastoralists held a conference in Melbourne where they decided to levy members in proportion to the number of sheep to create a fighting fund to defeat the shearers. The squatters were preparing to fight the shearers once again and they nominated Queensland as the battlefield.

The 1891 season was off to a fiery start when the squatters refused to observe the closed shop principle they had conceded the previous year. Union passions were further inflamed by reports that under a new agreement shearer's pay would be slashed thirteen to thirty-three per cent, and penalty clauses decreed that defiant shearers could be fined or jailed. Union representatives tried to negotiate, but the squatters declared that they would only employ on their terms. Thus rebuffed, hundreds of Queensland shearers walked out of the shearing sheds. With their wives and children they gathered in a dozen strike camps and prepared to battle the thousand strike breakers imported from New South Wales and Victoria. In early February 1891, the first of the contracted labourers arrived in Rockhampton from the southern states and were quickly despatched to properties in the Western Districts. Violence flared as strikers clashed with strike breakers, wool and storage sheds went up in flames on properties where "black" labour was employed.

Large camps were established by the unionists at Barcaldine 6 Forward
(1,000 men), two near Clermont (350 and 150 men), and Capella (80 men). Inflammatory speeches were made with threats of kidnapping squatters and their families, and burning properties. At this juncture the Queensland government ordered additional police to the troubled areas and police magistrates were instructed to enrol all available men as special constables. There was a fear that the trouble could spread and erupt into civil war.

By 20 February the situation had reached such a serious stage that the government decided to call out the Defence Force in aid of the civil power. That morning the Officer Commanding the Defence Force, Major Jackson, was warned to prepare for immediate embarkation. At 5.00 p.m., a force of sixty-one men complete with weapons, a machine-gun and a 9 pounder field gun, sailed for Rockhampton. Three hours later orders were issued to call out the Moreton Mounted Infantry. The Commanding Officer, Major Percy Ricardo, took immediate steps to secure the attendance of all members of the units resulting in four officers and fifty-five men being selected for active duty.

They embarked on the SS Wondonga and sailed for Rockhampton the following day. No horses were despatched as the Pastoralists' Association had arranged to provide mounts, but every member took his own saddle and bridle in addition to kit, accoutrements and ammunition. That same day, 21 February, the Rockhampton Mounted Infantry was called out by the local Police Magistrate. On arrival at Rockhampton the entire force came under the command of Major Jackson. The force travelled by train to Clermont and thence despatched to farms to protect the free labourers and property.

As the situation continued to deteriorate the government called out additional volunteer units including the Wide Bay Mounted Infantry, Mackay Mounted Infantry, Darling Downs Mounted Infantry, Charters Towers Mounted Infantry, and Townsville Mounted Infantry, in addition to units of the Defence Force. The task of aid to the civil power is one that most soldiers dislike. It was work that neither commanders nor men had been trained for and which demanded a level of discipline to be found only among the regulars. Nevertheless the men performed the duty admirably as evidenced by Lieutenant Harry Chauvel's action at Charleville.

Chauvel received a warning order on 24 March to be ready to move to Charleville with twenty men and their horses. The men of the Darling Downs Mounted Infantry were issued with fifty rounds of ammunition each, and were on their way by rail the following morning. By this time there were reports of the burning of pasture and fences by the unionists, while at Blackall a non-unionist's bullocks had been shot.

Chauvel was sent to escort a party of free labourers through the bush to a property north of Charleville. A few police were added to his command. It was a miserable journey across black soil in pouring rain so that after twenty miles the men and horses were exhausted. When barely a mile from their destination, the party ran into a crowd of about two hundred shearers streaming down the track. Several of them were wanted by the police and the inspector in charge quickly arrested four of them.

The shearers closed around the party, some waving iron bars and clubs, shouting in their excitement. One of the four men arrested began inciting the shearers and the situation became dangerous. Chauvel gave the order to load; the inspector told him to force his way through the crowd with his troops and free labourers. The raised rifles of the Mounted Infantry had a cooling effect on the tempers as they shepherded the non-unionists and four prisoners along the road. The inspector thwarted an attempt by the angry shearers to follow up and Chauvel reached Oakwood where another detachment of Mounted Infantry was waiting; these set off after the shearers and more arrests were made. Although minor, the incident impressed on Chauvel the power of discipline and the importance of a cool head in a crisis. Had he not kept his Mounted Infantry under strict control, and they were after all mainly station hands with little military training, there may have been a tragedy.

The Mounted Infantry units were employed principally on patrol and escort duty and to keep communications open between detachments, the police and headquarters. Strong detachments were posted at stations where free labourers were shearing and small detachments were posted as sentries at woolsheds and station buildings. The infantry and artillery were responsible for the security of public buildings, jails, railway stations, and goods sheds.

The tension reached its peak when 200 troops swooped on the strike committee's headquarters at Barcaldine and arrested twelve of the leaders, charging them with conspiracy. The strikers were outraged, some men calling for revolution. At Gympie soldiers fixed bayonets to disperse a menacing crowd, while at Rockhampton 200 strikers heckled police guarding the twelve arrested at Barcaldine, when they came to trial. During the trial, the judge Mr Justice Harding was scarcely impartial, stating that he would have shot the strikers if he had been one of the police. He sentenced the twelve including George Taylor and William Hamilton, who later became members of the Queensland Parliament, to three years hard labour each. These severe sentences provoked another outburst of violence.

Although the strikers voted to stay out on strike, signs of weakness began to appear. The first crack came when threats of long-term sanctions by the squatters forced wool carriers back to work. They really had no alternative, for with whole families subsisting on ten shillings a week, men, women and children were on the verge of starvation. Furthermore, rain had turned the strikers' camps into quagmires of stinking mud. On 11 June 1891, union leaders announced that the strike fund was exhausted. The strike was over. Although the shearers had lost their fight, many claimed that in the long term it had led to victory, as the bitter defeat convinced the unions of a need for a political Labor Party to fight their cause in Parliament.

The strike had proven to be an expensive affair, costing the government £170,000, the pastoralists £41,000 and the unions £60,000, huge sums in 1891.

At times the work of the Defence Forces had been arduous, each district being in a state of flood for a considerable period. Colonel French noted:

Long and trying marches, by day and night, over boggy country (swimming rivers several times a day), were constantly made by the Mounted Infantry, notably so by a detachment of the Moreton Mounted Infantry, under Lieutenant R.S. Browne, which marched 109 miles in thirty-two hours, and by a detachment of Darling Downs Mounted Infantry, under Captain King, which marched sixty-five miles in one day on grass-fed horses.


Colonel Drury reported,

"The general conduct of the troops called out has been reported by all Commanding Officers to have been good.... To the discretion and judgment shown by officers in command, and the patience exhibited by all ranks under provocation and insult, must be credited the fact that bloodshed, or injury to life or limb, has been happily obviated".


As the strike wore on, the men were out on patrol for about five months, and for most of their service endured the boredom that is so often the lot of soldiers. On the plains of Western Queensland emu were plentiful and the men could not resist the excitement of riding after a quarry that could give them a chase at speed. Emu feathers, tucked into the men's felt hats began to appear and soon became widespread among the soldiers. Bill Lieshman of the Gympie Mounted Rifles claimed to be with the group who started the practice. Writing many years later Bill said:

I was in a patrol under Lieutenant Vivian Tozer of the Gympie Mounted Infantry, at Coreena Woolshed. On the way we met another Gympie Mounted Infantry patrol under Captain W. Shanahan and they were chasing an emu, which came toward us. When it was shot, some of us dismounted and Terry Rogers and myself were the first to pull the tail feathers out and place them in our hats. Then all in the patrols got the feathers and placed them in their hats.


When they returned home the Queensland Government allowed the Mounted Infantry to wear the emu plume in recognition of its service during the strike. At first it was solely a Queensland decoration, but in 1903 the privilege was extended to Tasmanian and South Australian regiments and finally, in 1915, to all regiments of the Light Horse.
 

Previous: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 1

Next: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 3

 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 2

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 1:44 PM EADT

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