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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Wednesday, 17 November 2004
2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, Embarkation Roll, 19th Reinforcement
Topic: AIF - 2B - 2 LHFA

2nd LHFA, AIF

2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance

Embarkation Roll, 19th Reinforcement

 

RMS Mongolia

 

2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, 19th Reinforcement, embarked from Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Mongolia 8 July 1916.

The RMS Mongolia weighed 4,892 tons with an average cruise speed of 12 knots or 22.22 kmph. It was owned by the  Indian & Peninsular St. Nav Co Ltd Glasgow.  Torpedoed and sunk on 21 July 1918.

The ensuing individual soldier's embarkation information contains the following details:

Rank on embarkation;

Full name of the soldier

Declared age of the soldier;

The last occupation held;

The last address as a civilian;

Enlistment Date; and,

Fate.

 

Finding more about a service person.

See: Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

Embarkation Roll

 

14436 Private William Henry BEASANT, a 24 year old Machinist from Toowoomba, Queensland. He enlisted on 5 January 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 15 May 1919.

 

14437 Private Alfred Edmund PAYNE, a 22 year old Loco fireman from Maryborough, Queensland. He enlisted on 11 April 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 19 August 1919.

 

14438 Private William Leslie WALKER, a 20 year old Clerk from Red Hill, Queensland. He enlisted on 28 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 28 June 1919.

 

Previous:  16th Reinforcement

Next: 20th Reinforcement

 

Sources Used:

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8, Class 10, Light Horse.

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

Collected Records of Steve Becker.

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, Embarkation Roll, 19th Reinforcement

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 29 March 2010 8:58 PM EADT
3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, Embarkation Roll, Roll: A - Z
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHFA

3rd LHFA, AIF

3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance

Embarkation Roll: A - Z

 

The following is a composite alphabetical roll of all members of 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF who are known to have embarked overseas during the Great War.

Each man is listed with:

Service Number

Rank at Embarkation

First Names

Family Name

If applicable, the false name used

 

Notes

Note 1: All soldiers’ names are linked to the specific unit and date when embarkation occurred. By utilising the link, upon the Embarkation Roll is a brief military biography of the individual. Also on the page are details and picture of the ship in which embarkation occurred for that specific soldier.

Note 2: There are duplications of some names in the following list. The reason for this is that the soldier embarked on more than one occasion. This was the simplest way of resolving the problem of multiple entries for a single individual.

Note 3: In comparing this roll with the official Embarkation Rolls published by the Department of Defence during the Great War, it will be noticed that some names are absent. The reason for this lies in the fact that when the official Embarkation Rolls were compiled, last minute absentees for one reason or another were recorded as embarking whereas in actuality, no embarkation occurred. In addition, there are other names that have been included that do not appear in the official Embarkation Rolls and yet they embarked with that particular group.

 

Finding more about a service person.


Embarkation Roll: A - Z

 

Arthur Henry McKay ABERDEEN.

Kenneth George McKay ABERDEEN.

Thomas Edward ABERDEEN.

Charles William ADEY.

Leonard Henry ALLEN.

Herbert ANDERSON.

John Hubback ANDERSON.

William Thomas ARMFIELD.

William Arden Egerton ARNOLD.

 

Thomas BAIRD.

John Cyrill BALL.

Albert BANSGROVE.

William Thomas BARNETT.

George Herbert BARR.

Frederick Roy BARRETT.

Bernard Malcolm BEAN.

Alfred Alexander BEARDSLEY.

Hector Norman BEASY.

George Francis BECKWITH.

Percy Joseph BEGBIE.

Arthur John BENNETT.

Robert James BIGGINS.

Alexander BILLINGSLEY.

William Alexander BLACK.

John BOURKE.

Francis BOWDEN.

William Emslie BOWMAN.

John Alexander BOYD.

Malcolm Hugh BOYD.

Robert Gavin BOYD.

Norman David BOYLE.

Ernest Charles BRANDON.

Hubert Henry BRITTEN.

Gordon BROOKS.

Robert Thomas BRUCE.

Edward John BURNS.

William BUTTERWOOD.

 

Herbert George CAIL.

Henry William CAMPBELL.

John McNeil CAMPBELL.

Alfred Lionel C. CARLING.

Frank Noll CARTER.

Mylles Wyamarus CAVE.

Leslie Gordon CHANDLER.

Alick Atkinson CHAPMAN.

Henry Rupert COCKS.

Leonard Albert COHEN.

William Henry COLE.

Frederick COLLIS.

Sydney George COLLIS.

Leslie Knight CONE.

James Joseph O'Brien COPPING.

James O'Brien COPPING.

Leslie John CORRIGAN.

Henry Kensel COX.

Edward Thomas Claude CROFT.

Colin Forbes CROMB.

William Joseph CROWLEY.

Cyril James CURNOW.

 

Alfred Owen DAVIES.

Neil DAVIES.

Phillip Edward DAVIES.

Ernest Leslie DAVIS.

Luciene Auguste DeMAN.

William Henry DOLLING.

Rupert Major DOWNES.

Ernest DOYLE.

Martin DOYLE.

Ernest Arthur DREW.

Charles James Roy DUROSS.

Percival William DYER.

 

Richard John EDLIN.

Edward John EDWARDS.

Clifford ELLINGWORTH.

 

Henry Bland FALLA.

Arthur FENN.

Gerald FITZGERALD.

James Davidson FORSYTH.

Charles Edward FRANCIS.

William Robert George FRAYNE.

Albert Douglas FRYER.

Henry FULLARD.

 

Harold Edward GARDINER.

Joseph GELLIE.

Harry Melrose GILBERT.

John Ellis GILLESPIE.

Sydney Arthur Vernon GLOVER.

Abraham GOLDENBERG.

Matthew Thomas GOODALL.

Albert Frederick GOULDSMITH.

Arthur Charles Gordon GOURLAY.

Charles William GRAHAM.

George Theodore GRANT.

 

Gerald Stewart HAMILTON.

Percival Phillip HAMMOND.

Ernest Arthur HANDS.

Joseph Dillon HANLY.

Theodore HANLY.

Rasmus Robinson HANSEN.

James HARDINGHAM.

Herbert HARDLEY.

Ernest George HARRIS.

Arthur Henry HATFIELD.

Oliver HEFFERMAN.

William Joseph HENDERSON.

Thomas Henry HICKS.

Henry Youle HIND.

Albert John HINDS.

Edward HOCKING.

Denis HORAN.

Peter James HORAN.

Harold Walter HORNBY.

Arthur George HUNT.

Arthur Leslie HUTCHENS.

Ernest James HYATT.

 

John Malcolm JAMIESON.

Harry William JANES.

Neville Arthur Gull JOHNSON.

Egbert JONES.

Frank JONES.

Kenneth Crossley JONES.

 

Alfred Edward KENNARD.

Ernest Henry KENNEDY.

Esmond Venner KEOGH.

Robert McAllister KERR.

John Robert KIMBERLEY.

Spencer Francis KITTELTY.

Francis Walters Baldock KNOX.

 

Gustave Celeste LACHAL.

Reginald Noel LeFEBVRE.

Arthur LeFEVRE.

Robert Henry LEWIS.

Daniel Rutter LONG.

Frederick Charles LONG.

Arthur Joseph LOVETT.

Arnold Cumming LYNDON.

Albert Allen LYON.

 

Robert John Sinclair MacKAY.

John Norman MacKINNON.

Robert Christopher MARSHALL.

Leonard William MASON.

Francis Anthone J. MATHIAS.

James Joseph MAYGER.

Bertram Elmer McCOMB.

Charles Alexander McCUBBIN.

Alfred Robert McDONALD.

Thomas James McFADDEN.

Andrew John McFARLANE.

David McINTYRE.

James McKEE.

Archibald Hector McLEAN.

Robert John McLEAN.

Samuel Rutter McMAHON.

Sydney Walter McMULLEN.

Arthur Henry MILLER.

George Musther MILLER.

Victor MORTON.

William Stanley MURFITT.

 

Sydney James NEWSOME.

Stanley Morris NYE.

 

Jack Boyd ORR.

Alfred Weymouth OSBORNE.

Cornelius O'SULLIVAN.

 

Leslie Herbert PARKER.

William John James PARKER.

Stanley Thomas PARKES.

George Lawrie PEEL.

Albert John PELL.

William Henry PILKINGTON.

William Charles Sydney POLLARD.

Charles Favin PRITCHARD.

Frederick Philpott PROWSE.

 

Charles Robert REDROBE.

Percy Allan RENSHAW.

Charles RICHARDS.

Percy Ernest ROBBINS.

Abraham Reginald ROBERTS.

James Donald ROBINSON.

John Ware ROBINSON.

Richard Louis Stanford ROGERS.

 

James Clemens SALTER.

William Maurice SCOTT.

Joseph Simpson SEATREE.

Douglas James SEYMOUR.

Norman Edward SEYMOUR.

Frank Joseph SHEAHAN.

Charles Wilfred SHELDON.

William Henry SHOEBRIDGE.

Albert William SHUGG.

Leslie William SIMPKIN.

Thomas Leigh SIMPSON.

Ralph Parkinson SMALL.

Archibald Henry SMITH.

Lawrence Albert SMITH.

Thomas Keith SNOWBALL.

Reginald Frederick Corbett SOUTHAM.

Charles SQUIRE.

Arthur Vincent STANLEY.

Percy Richmond STEVENSON.

James Albert STOCK.

Frank STOKES.

Colin STUART.

Gerald Eugene Macdonald STUART.

Albert Michael SULLIVAN.

Henry Warburton SUTTON.

 

James TATTERSON.

Alan James TAYLOR.

Mordaunt Hepbourne TEMPLE.

Charles George THOMAS.

Stanley C. THOMAS.

Denis Charles TOBIN.

Richard TREVORROW.

George Echert TROST.

 

Irvin UTTLEY.

 

Hadden Kingston VICKERY.

Arthur John VINES.

Edward William Allen VIRGO.

 

Gordon George WAKE.

Hugh Alexander WALES.

John Mercer WALKER.

William WALLACE.

Edmund WESTBROOK.

Edward Rowden WHITE.

Francis Edward WHITE.

Thomas Edward WHYTE.

Frank James WILLETT.

John A. WILLIAMS.

Alexander Vance WILSON.

Joseph WILSON.

Frank Bernard Martin WOODNUTT.

William Henry WRIGHT.

Leonard Montgomery WYKES.

 

 

Sources Used:

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8, Class 10, Light Horse.

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

Collected Records of Steve Becker.

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance

3rd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, Embarkation Roll, Roll: A - Z

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 31 March 2010 7:38 AM EADT
Tuesday, 16 November 2004
2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, Embarkation Roll, 20th Reinforcement
Topic: AIF - 2B - 2 LHFA

2nd LHFA, AIF

2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance

Embarkation Roll, 20th Reinforcement

 

RMS Malwa

 

2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, 20th Reinforcement, embarked from Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Malwa 22 July 1916.

The RMS Malwa weighed 10,883 tons with an average cruise speed of 15 knots or 27.78 kmph. It was owned by the P & O SN Co, London.

The ensuing individual soldier's embarkation information contains the following details:

Rank on embarkation;

Full name of the soldier

Declared age of the soldier;

The last occupation held;

The last address as a civilian;

Enlistment Date; and,

Fate.

 

Finding more about a service person.

See: Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

Embarkation Roll

 

14707 Private William DENNING, a 25 year old Tram conductor from Newstead, Queensland. He enlisted on 31 December 1915; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 2 August 1919.

 

14708 Private John SIMPSON, a 29 year old Lithograph artist from South Brisbane, Queensland. He enlisted on 17 January 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 15 June 1919.

 

14706 Private William Lowrey WEDDELL, a 30 year old Bricklayer from Brisbane, Queensland. He enlisted on 15 January 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 25 September 1919.

 

Previous:  19th Reinforcement

Next: 21st Reinforcement

 

Sources Used:

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8, Class 10, Light Horse.

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

Collected Records of Steve Becker.

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, AIF, Embarkation Roll, 20th Reinforcement

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 29 March 2010 8:59 PM EADT
Monday, 15 November 2004
Australian Horse, History Part 1
Topic: Militia - LHN - 3/11/7

AH

Australian Horse

History, Part 1, 1897-99

1st (Volunteer) Australian Horse [1897 - 1903]
1st Australian Horse (Boer War) [1899 - 1901]
3rd (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse [1903 - 1912]
11th (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse [1912 - 1918]
7th (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse [1919 - 1935]
7th/21st (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse [1936-1937]
7th (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse [1937 - 1942]
7th (Australian Horse) Australian Motor Regiment [1942 - 1943]
7th/21st (Australian Horse) Recce Regiment 1948 - 1937]
7th/21st Australian Horse [1949 - 1957]

 Hearth and Home

 South Africa 1899 - 1902

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment).

 

1st Australian Horse

The following text is extracted from and article written by R. J. Marrion and R. L. Campbell called 1st Australian Horse which first appeared in the March 1981 edition of the magazine, Military Modelling.


In June 1897, the New South Wales' Government gave official sanction to the raising of a volunteer cavalry regiment consisting of 410 men, all ranks, as a trained force to assist with the defence of the state and, indeed, Australia. The first enrolment took place on the 28th August, 1897 at Murrumburrah, recruitment being completed by 20th November. In all there had been a total of 3000 applications to join the regiment.

Command was given to Colonel Kenneth Mackay who, having lived most his life in various parts of the interior of Australia had great experience of bushmen and stockmen, etc., from the early days of cattle ranching. He had also previously raised and, as a captain commanded the West Camden Light Horse.

The amount of enthusiasm displayed by applicants to join this new regiment meant that Colonel Mackay had the pick of a type of man and horse (all volunteers [See note below regarding volunteers, ed.]  provided their own horse and saddle) unsurpassed for their zeal and stamina; which went without saying when a four-hour drill often meant a 40 mile ride! Officers, with the exception of the Commanding Officer, the second in command and the adjutant, were, for the most part inexperienced as the men in the art of formal military training and cavalry drill, being squatters or sons of squatters.

There were hardly any official-issue carbines and only 50 swords; the main weapons at this time being civilian firearms and the stock whip. Instructors were in short supply and were men who had seen previous service in the Mounted Rifles or Artillery and, although conversant with their own drill books, still lacked any formal cavalry training. However, the Regiment was particularly fortunate in having as second in command Captain A.C.F. Ferguson, an Aide de Camp on the Staff of the Governors' Household and a serving officer in the 2nd Life Guards, and the adjutant, Lieutenant R.R. Thompson and ex-4th Dragoon Guard and New South Wales' Lancer who contributed much in the early formative days.

The regimental title, The "First Australian Horse" and the colour of the uniform, "Myrtle Green" (a deep full green - not a Rifle Green), were chosen by Mrs Mackay, the colonel's lady.

 

 First Australian Horse Officer's Uniform

[See: Australian Horse Uniform, 1897-1912]

 

Immediately the men were enlisted they were measured for their uniforms and an order was sent to Messrs Hobson and sons of London to provide 400 serge jackets, pantaloons, slouch hats, boots, spurs, military bridles, bits, haversacks and other impedimenta of the cavalry soldier, at a total cost of £7,000; this was the total clothing allowance for the Regiment, and it was spent three and a half years in advance! A trumpeter was borrowed from the artillery and a band was formed which was based with the Headquarters' Squadron at Goulburn.

Ship after ship arrived from England until eventually the long-awaited uniforms and equipment arrived, before Easter 1898, just in time for some units of the Regiment to receive them prior to their fist nine-day camp and inspection by Major General French. The first official parade of the Regiment was to take place on Easter Saturday at 3pm, without formal cavalry training and without squadron and troop leaders being appointed. Although this was the first time, since its formation, that the whole Regiment had been together and as the various squadrons were many miles apart, they almost managed to muster their full strength and paraded four squadrons and a mounted band. Formal training or not, General French expected the Regiment to be able to walk, canter and gallop past in good order. All men were expert horsemen and under the expert eyes of Captain Ferguston and Lieutenant Thompson the regiment were given half-an-hour's drill - with swords, which had only been issued that morning! The Regiment performed its manoeuvre's well and passed muster.

On 18th May, 1898 the Regiment acted as escort to Earl Beauchamp, who had arrived to take up the post of Governor of New South Wales. On 31st March, 1898 the Regiment changed its designation to 1st Australian Horse and Earl Beauchamp became its Honorary Colonel and maintained an unfailing interest in the Regiment even after his return to England.

The Regiment was brigaded with the New South Wales' Lancers and New South Wales Mounted Rifles to form the New South Wales' Mounted Brigade and in 1898, its strength was increased to 515 men. In 1899 the strength was yet again increased to 638 all ranks.

 

Additional Information

Volunteer v Militia

Two distinct types of part time service was available  to men in Australia at the time, either Volunteer service which meant that there was no payment by the government to the participant, or Militia service where the participant received an emolument equivalent to the daily pay rate of an Imperial Soldier pro rated to the actual hours served. At the time referred to by the above article, the standard payment for a base grade recruit in the Imperial Army was 2/6 (two shillings and six pence) per day or about 2009 AUD $120.00 per day. The use of volunteers declined within the Australian setting as it was considered essential that a contractual arrangement was maintained by the Department of Defence and the individual soldier which would bring forth many additional disciplinary aspects not available in a volunteer situation. 

 

Previous: 3rd/11th/7th Australian Light Horse

Next: Australian Horse, History Part 2

 

Further Reading:

3rd/11th/7th Australian Light Horse

Militia Light Horse, New South Wales

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: Australian Horse, History Part 1

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Friday, 2 July 2010 9:39 PM EADT
New South Wales Lancers, The Uniform
Topic: Militia - LHN - 1/7/1

 NSWL

New South Wales Lancers

The Uniform

New South Wales Lancers [1885 - 1903]
1st (New South Wales Lancers) Australian Light Horse [1903-1912]
7th (New South Wales Lancers) Australian Light Horse [1912-1919]
1st (New South Wales Lancers) Australian Light Horse [1919-1929]
1/21st Australian Light Horse [1929-1935]
1st (Royal New South Wales Lancers) Light Horse Machine Gun Regiment [1936-1942]
1st (Royal New South Wales Lancers) Armoured Regiment [1942-1948]
1st Royal New South Wales Lancers [1948-1956]
1/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers [1956- ]

[The elephant's head used on the badges is taken from the family crest of Lord Carrington, Governor of New South Wales from 1885 - 1890 and was appointed Honorary Colonel of the Regiment from 1885 until 1928.] 

Tenax in fide - Steadfast in Trust

 South Africa 1899 - 1900

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment).

 


Hand tinted photograph of Trooper Otto Armbruster wearing the 1895 - 1903 Uniform.

[From: Buckley, Sword and Lance, facing p. 18.]

 

Photograph of the coat rear from the 1895 - 1903 Uniform.

[From: Buckley, Sword and Lance, facing p. 18.]

 

Photograph of Lt Col Vernon wearing the 1895 - 1903 Uniform.

[From: Buckley, Sword and Lance, facing p. 19.]

 

 

Photograph of men wearing the post 1903 Uniform.

[From: Buckley, Sword and Lance, p. 253.]

 

 

Further Reading:

1st/7th/1st (New South Wales Lancers) Australian Light Horse

New South Wales Lancers, Boer War Contingent

Militia Light Horse, New South Wales

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: New South Wales Lancers, The Uniform

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 1 July 2010 1:38 PM EADT

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