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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Thursday, 5 June 2008
The Australian Militia, Area Officers, Military Order No. 304, 1910.
Topic: Militia - Area Officers

The Australian Militia

Area Officers

Military Order No. 304, 1910.

 

Military Order 304 of 1910 - creating the positions of Area Officers throughout Australia

 

At the commencement of the Kitchener reforms based upon the Kitchener Report of February 1910, the position of "Area Officer" was created to administer a specific geographic location. To give legal sanction to the position, Military Order 304 was issued on 20 September 1910. This specific order is transcribed below.

Applications for the positions of "Area Officers" 1910, (Temporary) will be received by District Commandants from members of the Defence Force now serving, persons who have had previous service in the Defence Force, and those who have held commissions in His Majesty's forces in other parts of the Empire. Particulars of such service will be included in the applications.

Qualifications being equal, preference will be given to members of the Defence Force.

2. All “Area Officers" must reside within their areas, and, when these embrace several localities, at such locality as is appointed.

3. Appointments will be temporary, and will be subject to termination at any time, either by the holder of the appointment or by the Military Board.

4. Applications, together with the recommendations of Military Commandants and Commanding Officers, must reach the Military Board by 11th October, 1910.

5. "Area Officers," while holding the appointment, will be seconded from their units. Promotion may be recommended to such officers in the ordinary course, up to the rank of Captain in their units, notwithstanding that they are seconded.

6. "Area Officers" shall not retain a higher rank than that of Captain while holding the appointment.

7. "Area Officers" not holding commissions on appointment may be recommended for the rank of Lieutenant on the Unattached List, subject to the regulations governing such appointments.

8. Those selected for appointment by the Military Board will be required to attend a School of Instruction for a period of six weeks (1st November to 15th December, 1910), at Albury, New South Wales.

Applicants from Queensland and Western Australia, however, will be required to state whether they are prepared -

(a) to attend such School of Instruction at Albury, New South Wales, or

(b) to attend a similar School of Instruction within their own State.

Travelling expenses, as for the rank of Lieutenant, will be allowed to and from the School, and subsistence thereat, in accordance with Financial and Allowance Regulations.

9. "Area Officers" will be at liberty to follow their ordinary occupation; they will receive no military pay during appointment, but will be granted an allowance at the rate of £150 per annum.

10. The above allowance will include "horse" and all other allowances, except "travelling", and is subject to the necessary provision being made by Parliament.

11. "Area Officers" will be assisted by one or more Warrant or Non-Commissioned Officers of the Instructional Staff (permanent).

12. The following will be the duties of an Area Officer:-

(1) Supervision and direction of the registration, and training of the Senior Cadets.

(2) Inspection of Junior Cadet training in the schools.

(3) Administration of troops (all arms) provided by his area, including equipment, clothing, pay, and transfers.

(4) Supervision of training of all recruits within his area.

(5) Duty in any military appointment (e.g., adjutant), and attendance at the training of the unit in which such appointment is made.

(6) Supervision of general registration and charge of records for all persons registered within his area.

(7) Organization of reserve units.

(8) Attendance at a School of Instruction for not more than 14 days in each year after first appointment.

(9) Supervision of the Warrant and Non-commissioned Officers of the Instructional Staff attached to his area, and visits to the training centres of his area, provided that he shall not be required to be absent from his place of residence more than five days per month on the average for this purpose.

(10) To obtain a thorough knowledge of the distribution of population, conditions of employment, industries, and all matters affecting the interests of those liable to training within his area.

(11) Generally to assist, as laid down in Standing or other Orders, the carrying out of the provisions of the Defence Act, within his area.

 

 

Further Reading:

The Australian Militia, Area Officers

Australian Light Horse Militia

Australian Infantry Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: The Australian Militia, Area Officers, Military Order No. 304, 1910.

Posted by Project Leader at 7:36 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 2:00 PM EADT
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 5 June 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

5 June 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

Bert Schramm

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary

Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 


Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 4 - 9 June 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

Bert Schramm

Wednesday, June 5, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Ain Ed Duk, Jordan Valley.

Bert Schramm's Diary -  Done outpost last night and returned to camp this morning. Things are fairly quiet. A little shelling last night.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Ain Ed Duk, Jordan Valley.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Masson, Lieutenant GG, with C Squadron Patrol after slight opposition from enemy snipers patrolled to Tel el Truny and remained in observation there all day.

Propaganda left there by the enemy intended for our patrol, on being translated contained the following information:

"Indian Troops are Mohammedans, so are we; therefore we should not be fighting against each other. Come and join us."

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 5 June

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry.

 

 

Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 4 June 1918

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 6 June 1918

 

Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 5 June 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 29 May 2011 7:51 AM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 5 June
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 5 June

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Friday, June 5, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.

 

1915

Saturday, June 5, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Walkers Ridge
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0255 Five volunteers left the trenches and repeated the bombing of the previous night. No casualties. Attempt successful.
3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - Auckland Mounted Rifles relieved 8th Light Horse Regiment in trenches. Casualties: 8th Light Horse Regiment, one wounded; 9th Light Horse Regiment, one wounded.
0300 Bombs and general attack to divert fire from Quinn's Post which was retaken but lost again owing to cross machine gun fire after daylight. One man Campland, Machine Gunner, was killed with shrapnel in our trenches. Very hot fire was drawn.
Carew Reynell Diary - this is the second day we have revelled in a complete loaf in this pretty little glen by the sea. The trenches are only a thousand yards or so from the beach up on top of the high cliffs behind us so of course we hear all that goes on. Last night we had an open air concert and from where I sat I could see a glorious sunset over an island just to the north of Imbros. The concert was very good - it was rather quaint to see a half bearded ruffian stand up and sing a sentimental song to a lot of other dishevelled ruffians, with a lively obbligato of musketry from above. We have a lot of very fine voices. church parade this morning. Have just delivered a very serious and fatherly talk to the officers. Poor devils are an incompetent lot but we must aim at the impossible, good officers with little training, or else we shan't get anywhere.

 

1916

Monday, June 5, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Roadhead Serapeum.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Routine Patrol and Training work carried out.

 

1917

Tuesday, June 5, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Um Urgan
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - The Regiment undertook routine work for the day. Regimental camp at Rafa cleaned up.
Surplus gear was sent to Base Regimental Stores, Gizeh.
 

1918

Wednesday, June 5, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Ain Ed Duk

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Masson, Lieutenant GG, with “C” Squadron Patrol after slight opposition from enemy snipers patrolled to Tel el Truny and remained in observation there all day.

Propaganda left there by the enemy intended for our patrol, on being translated contained the following information: "Indian Troops are Mohammedans, so are we; therefore we should not be fighting against each other. Come and join us."

 

1919

Thursday, June 5, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Tel el Kebir

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0900, seven Other Ranks proceeded on leave to Jerusalem.

1100, ten Other Ranks proceeded on leave to Cairo.

Competitors for 3rd Light Horse Brigade sports in equestrian events leave with their mounts to Zagazig.

 


Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 4 June

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 6 June

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 5 June

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 7 August 2010 2:26 PM EADT
Wednesday, 4 June 2008
Australian Society, 1899 - 1920, General Items, William Willis Snr and William Willis Jr
Topic: Gen - Australia

Australian Society, 1899 - 1920

General Items

William Willis Snr and William Willis Jr

 

 William Willis Jr

[From: Sydney Mail, 9 June 1900, p. 1358]


This little 6 year old tyke is dressed in the same uniform as his father who recently left for South Africa. It was a father son relationship that lasted through thick and thin.

The son is William Willis, born 1894.

The father was William Willis. When the picture was taken, 1613 Gunner William Willis, 'A' Battery, Royal Australian Artillery departed for South Africa.


And here is a picture of A Battery - Willis is amongst this group - but unfortunately cannot be identified.

 

"A" Battery in Review.

[From: Sydney Mail, 30 December 1899, p. 1623.]

 

However, on the day, one could be sure young William could identify his father.

Here is the wharfside farewell at Sydney for "A" Battery. This is Central Wharf seeing the departure of HT Warrigal.

 

HT Warrigal departing from Central Wharf.

[From: Sydney Mail, 6 January 1900, p. 30.]

 

That wasn't the end of Gunner William Willis' service. He remained in the artillery as a permanent soldier. The family lived at 19 Comber Street, Paddington, just a quick walk away from Victoria Barracks. Also just a quick walk to Bent Street.

During the Great War, Willis Snr enlisted in the 7th FAB and served in Egypt, Gallipoli and France. He was invalided from the AIF in 1918.

His son, Willis Jr enlisted in the AIF in 1915 and served as a driver with the 5th DAC until his father claimed him for the 7th FAB. He reutned to Australian in 1919.

After the war, we know that Willis Snr claimed a pension in 1932 while Jnr claimed one in 1957.

 

Further Reading:

Australian Items

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Society, 1899 - 1920, General Items, William Willis Snr and William Willis Jr

Posted by Project Leader at 6:50 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 2:19 PM EADT
Australian Society, 1899 - 1920, General Items, Dick Ponsonby from Tamworth
Topic: Gen - Australia

Australian Society, 1899 - 1920

General Items

Dick Ponsonby from Tamworth

 

Dick Ponsonby and Captain Nankervis

[From: Sydeny Mail, 29 June 1901, p. 1632.]

 

While reading through the newspapers, various pictures of people and incidents occasionally appear that sparks curiosity.

For instance, it used to be the fashion to dress young lads up as soldiers - they hadn't heard of Spider Man at that time. Many of the time these young lads come onto the pages of the newspapers of the time. Looking at them leads a person to wonder whatever happened to the fellow.

One young boy featured in the Sydney Mail was Dick Ponsonby from Tamworth. Here is the standard comparative picture taken at the time. He was photographed standing next to Captain Nankervis of the 4th Infantry Regiment who is one of the tallest men around the area standing at about 2m in height.


Harold Richard Ponsonby was born at Tamworth in 1889. His parents were John and Helen Ponsonby. Dick Ponsoby's connection to the Boer War was by way of his uncle. nearby Tamworthat the town of Pillaga, William Richard Ponsonby, a policeman, enlisted as a Lieutenant with Thorneycroft's Mounted Infantry, and rode with "D" Squadron. At Colenso he was Mentioned in Despatches. This is around the time the picture was taken so one can only assume that this is Dick Ponsonby emulating his uncle's activity.

Harold Richard Ponsonby died in an accident in 1908, soon after he turned 19. The picture shows so much hope and ambition. A sad end to a promising life.

 

 

Further Reading:

Australian Items

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Society, 1899 - 1920, General Items, Dick Ponsonby from Tamworth

Posted by Project Leader at 6:21 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 5:54 PM EADT

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A note on copyright

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

Please Note: No express or implied permission is given for commercial use of the information contained within this site.

A note to copyright holders

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has made every endeavour to contact copyright holders of material digitised for this blog and website and where appropriate, permission is still being sought for these items. Where replies were not received, or where the copyright owner has not been able to be traced, or where the permission is still being sought, the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has decided, in good faith, to proceed with digitisation and publication. Australian Light Horse Studies Centre would be happy to hear from copyright owners at any time to discuss usage of this item.

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