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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

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Tuesday, 1 July 2008
8th Australian Light Horse Regiment, The Merritt family
Topic: AIF - 3B - 8 LHR

8th LHR, AIF

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment

The Merritt family

 

The Merritt family

[From: Melbourne Argus, 19 January 1915 p. 7.]

 

During the Great War, many families saw all the eligible men enlist for  service. This item deals specifically with the Merritt family which was featured within a small piece published in the Melbourne Argus, 19 January 1915 p. 7.

Family of Soldiers

In the camp at Broadmeadows three brothers named Merritt for one of the notable instances of the three boys of a family bound for the war. They are William Crawford, Charles Cecil and Frank Leslie Merritt of Welshpool, Gippsland. The uncle of the lads, Mr David Crawford, who went through the South African War in Bethune's Light Horse, is also a member of the present contingent, and has been placed in command of the scouts. He was mentioned in despatches in South Africa, and received the "DSO". The family is certainly a fighting one, for Mrs Merritt's father was a member of the British legion that fought in Spain from 1834 to 1840.

 

The following are the military biographies of each man mentioned in the article.

 

Lieutenant David Crawford, Bethune's Mounted Infantry, Mentioned in Despatches 

[From: London Gazette Issue 27459, 29 July 1902, p. 23.]

 

231 Sergeant David Crawford

Place of birth    High Camp, Kilmore, Victoria
School    High Camp State School, Victoria
Religion    Protestant
Occupation    Motor mechanic
Address    26 Anderson Street, Yarraville, Victoria
Marital status    Married
Age at embarkation    37
Height    5' 9.75"
Weight    175 lbs
Next of kin    Wife, Mrs Hannah Mabel Crawford, 22 Richardson Street, Essendon, Victoria
Previous military service    Served in Bethunes Mounted Infantry during Boer War as a Sergeant. Mentioned in despatches.
Enlistment date    21 September 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll    21 September 1914
Place of enlistment    Melbourne, Victoria
Rank on enlistment    Sergeant
Unit name    8th Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number    10/13/1
Embarkation details    Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria on 25 February 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll    Sergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll    8th Light Horse Regiment
Fate    Killed in Action 23 June 1915
Place of death or wounding    Walker's Ridge,Gallipoli, Turkey
Age at death    40
Age at death from cemetery records    40
Place of burial    Ari Burnu Cemetery (Row C, Grave No. 1), Anzac, Gallipoli
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial    6
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records    Parents: William and Jane CRAWFORD; husband of H. Mabel CRAWFORD, Collins Street, Traralgon, Victoria
Family/military connections    Nephews: 318 Pte Charles Cecil MERRITT, 3rd Machine Gun Squadron, died of wounds, 1 November 1917; 319 Pte Frank Leslie MERRITT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, returned to Australia, 11 April 1916; 28370 Gunner Roy Vernon MERRITT, 14th Field Artillery Brigade, returned to Australia, 25 March 1919.
Other details    
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli
Proceeded to join Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 May 1915.
Killed in action, Gallipoli, 23 June 1915 (hit by shell); buried, 23 June 1915.
Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Lest We Forget

 

318 Private Charles Cecil Merritt

 Place of birth    Camberwell, Victoria
School    Welshpool School, Victoria
Religion    Presbyterian
Occupation    Labourer
Address    Welshpool, South Gippsland, Victoria
Marital status    Single
Age at embarkation    21
Height    5' 9"
Weight    159 lbs
Next of kin    Father, Thomas Merritt, Welshpool, South Gippsland, Victoria
Previous military service    Nil
Enlistment date    24 September 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll    24 September 1914
Place of enlistment    Toorac, Victoria
Rank on enlistment    Private
Unit name    8th Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number    10/13/1
Embarkation details    Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria on 25 February 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll    Private
Unit from Nominal Roll    3rd Machine Gun Squadron
Fate    Died of wounds 1 November 1917
Place of death or wounding    Beersheba, Palestine
Age at death    25
Place of burial    Beersheba War Cemetery (Row B, Grave No. 49), Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial    180
Family/military connections    Brothers: 319 Pte Frank Leslie MERRITT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, returned to Australia, 11 April 1916; 28370 Gunner Roy Vernon MERRITT, 14th Field Artillery Brigade, returned to Australia, 25 March 1919. Uncle: 231 Sgt David CRAWFORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, killed in action, 23 June 1915.
Other details    

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine

Proceeded to join Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 May 1915.

Admitted to New Zealand Field Ambulance, Gallipoli, 28 June 1915 (bomb wounds, both legs); transferred to Hospital Ship, 28 June 1915; admitted to No 2 General Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, 8 July 1915; to No 2 General Hospital, Mena, 4 August 1915; to Anzac Convalescent Camp, Helouan, 5 August 1915; transferred to Zeitoun for duty, 11 August 1915.

Admitted to No 3 Auxiliary Hospital, Heliopolis, 28 September 1915 (dysentery); transferred to No 4 Auxiliary Hospital, Abbassia, 28 September 1915; to Anzac Convalescent Camp, Helouan, 16 October 1915; discharged to duty, 29 March 1916; marched into Convalescent and General Base, Zeitoun, 30 March 1916.

Transferred to 3rd Light Horse Brigade Machine Gun Squadron, Moascar, 1 August 1916.

To Imperial School of Instruction, Zeitoun, 27 October 1916; passed as 1st Class Machine Gunner in Lewis Gun Course.

Admitted to 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance, Belah, 31 March 1917 (diphtheria); transferred to 34th Casualty Clearing Station, 31 March 1917; to Convoy Station, 31 March 1917; to No 2 Australian Stationary Hospital, El-Arish (tonsilitis), 2 April 1917; discharged to duty, 11 April 1917; rejoined unit, 23 April 1917.

Admitted to 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance, Shellal, 17 June 1917 (diarrhoea); transferred to Casualty Clearing Station, 19 June 1917; to Hospital Train, 20 June 1917; to No 2 Australian Stationary Hospital, 20 June 1917; to Base Hospital, 21 June 1917; to 24th Stationary Hospital, 21 June 1917; to Citadel Military Hospital, Cairo, 23 June 1917; to Convalescent Depot, Abbassia, 20 July 1917; discharged, 3 August 1917; taken on strength, 3rd Light Horse Training Regiment, Moascar, 3 August 1917.

Detached to Imperial School of Instruction, Zeitoun, 26 August 1917; passed as 1st Class Machine Gunner; returned to duty, 15 September 1917.

Transferred to Machine Gun Details, 15 September 1917; taken on strength, Machine Gun Training Squadron, 15 September 1917.

Transferred to 3rd Australian Machine Gun Squadron, 19 September 1917; taken on strength, 22 September 1917.

Wounded in action, Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917; admitted to 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance, 31 October 1917 (bomb wound, chest); transferred to Australian Receiving Station, 1 November 1917 (bomb wounds, thorax and abdomen); died of wounds, 1 November 1917; buried, 1 November 1917.
Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

In the evening at Tel el Saba, 31 October 1917, while Beersheba was falling, there was an air raid on the men as they moved to their positions. Those killed came from "C" Squadron, 9th Light Horse Regiment and the 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron. 

See: The Battle of Beersheba 

 

Roll of Honour

499 Private William Irvine HUTCHINSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment

3255 Private James Lowry BODKIN, 9th Light Horse Regiment

1497 Private John Currie CUMMING, 8th Light Horse Regiment

318 Private Charles Cecil MERRITT, 8th Light Horse Regiment

2815 Private Claude Michael LEAHY, 9th Light Horse Regiment

2939 Private Donald James MORRISON, 9th Light Horse Regiment

Lest we forget.

 

319 Private Frank Leslie Merritt

Date of birth    11 June 1897
Place of birth    Buln Buln, Victoria
Religion    Presbyterian
Occupation    Hairdresser
Address    Welshpool, Victoria
Marital status    Single
Age at embarkation    19
Height    5' 8"
Weight    140 lbs
Next of kin    Father, Thomas Merritt, Welshpool, Victoria
Previous military service    67th Infantry
Enlistment date    15 September 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll    16 September 1914
Place of enlistment    Meeniyan, Victoria
Rank on enlistment    Private
Unit name    8th Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number    10/13/1
Embarkation details    Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria on 25 February 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll    Private
Unit from Nominal Roll    8th Light Horse Regiment
Fate    Returned to Australia 11 April 1916
Family/military connections    Brothers: 318 Pte Charles Cecil MERRITT, 3rd Machine Gun Squadron, died of wounds, 1 November 1917; 28370 Gunner Roy Vernon MERRITT, 14th Field Artillery Brigade, returned to Australia, 25 March 1919. Uncle: 231 Sgt David CRAWFORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, killed in action, 23 June 1915.
Other details    

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Proceeded to join Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 May 1915.

Admitted to Hospital Ship, 16 August 1915 (shrapnel wound, stomach); disembarked Alexandria, 25 August 1915; admitted to No 2 Australian General Hospital, Cairo, 25 August 1915; transferred to Mena Hospital, 1 September 1915; transferred to Montasah Convalescent Camp, 3 September 1915; to British Red Cross Convalescent Camp, Montasah, 3 September 1915 (enteritis); transferred to Mustapha Base, 25 September 1915.

Admitted to Anzac Convalescent Camp, Helouan, 28 October 1915 (influenza); transferred to No 2 Australian General Hospital, Ghezireh, 5 November 1915 (tonsilitis); to Anzac Convalescent Camp, 12 November 1915; to No 2 Auxiliary Hospital, Heliopolis, 22 February 1916 (diarrhoea and varicocele); to 1st Auxiliary Hospital, Heliopolis, 10 March 1916; marched out for return to Australia, 10 April 1916.

Commenced return to Australia from Suez on board HT 'Runic', 11 April 1916; disembarked Melbourne, 12 May 1916; discharged, 7 August 1916.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
British War Medal and Victory Medal marked returned, 10 May 1923.

 

320 Private William Crawford Merritt

Religion    Presbyterian
Occupation    Labourer
Address    Welshpool, South Gippsland, Victoria
Marital status    Single
Age at embarkation    22
Next of kin    Mother, Mrs A Merritt, Welshpool, South Gippsland, Victoria
Enlistment date    24 September 1914
Rank on enlistment    Private
Unit name    8th Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number    10/13/1
Embarkation details    Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria on 25 February 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll    Private
Unit from Nominal Roll    8th Light Horse Regiment
Fate    Returned to Australia 28 April 1915

28370 Gunner Roy Vernon Merritt

Place of birth    Black Flat, Victoria
Religion    Presbyterian
Occupation    Student
Address    Welshpool,South Gippsland, Victoria
Marital status    Single
Age at embarkation    18
Height    5' 6.25"
Weight    129 lbs
Next of kin    Father, Thomas Merritt, Welshpool,South Gippsland, Victoria
Previous military service    64th Infantry
Enlistment date    25 May 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll    25 May 1916
Place of enlistment    Melbourne, Victoria
Rank on enlistment    Gunner
Unit name    Field Artillery Brigade 12, Reinforcement 7
AWM Embarkation Roll number    13/39/3
Embarkation details    Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 25 October 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll    Gunner
Unit from Nominal Roll    14th Field Artillery Brigade
Other details from Roll of Honour Circular    Brothers: 318 Pte Charles Cecil MERRITT, 3rd Machine Gun Squadron, died of wounds, 1 November 1917; 319 Pte Frank Leslie MERRITT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, returned to Australia, 11 April 1916. Uncle: 231 Sgt David CRAWFORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, killed in action, 23 June 1915.
Fate    Returned to Australia 25 March 1919
Other details   

War service: Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 25 October 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 28 December 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 15 August 1917; marched into Australian General Base Depot, Rouelles, 18 August 1917.

Taken on strength, 14th Field Artillery Brigade, and posted to 53rd Battery, 27 August 1917.

Evacuated, 2 October 1917 (gassed); admitted to 3rd Australian Field Ambulance, 3 October 1917; transferred to 1st Aouth African General Hospital, Abbeville, 4 October 1917; embarked for England, 11 October 1917; admitted to Reading War Hospital, 12 October 1917 (mustard gas); transferred to 1st Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield, 2 November 1917; discharged, 6 November 1917; marched into No 4 Command Depot, Hurdcott, 13 November 1917; marched out to Overseas Training Brigade, Longbridge Deverill, 19 January 1918.

Marched out to Reserve Brigade Australian Artillery, Heytesbury, 5 February 1918.

Proceeded overseas to France, 13 March 1918; marched into Australian General Base Depot, Rouelles, 14 March 1918; rejoined 14th Field Artillery Brigade, 19 March 1918.

To England on leave, 26 January 1919; reported to Headquarters, 12 February 1919.

Admitted to 1st Australian General Hospital, Sutton Very, 26 February 1919 (sick); discharged, 27 February 1919.

Commenced return to Australia from England on board HT 'Fort Denison', 25 March 1919; disembarked Melbourne, 10 May 1919; discharged, 25 July 1919 (medically unfit).

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal.

 

Source: Information for this post was extracted from AUSTRALIAN ANZACS IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918

 

Further Reading:

8th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 8th Australian Light Horse Regiment, The Merritt family


Posted by Project Leader at 11:23 PM EADT
Updated: Friday, 20 August 2010 8:39 AM EADT
Battle of Romani, Sinai, 4 to 5 August 1916, Official British War History Map of Romani, 4 August 1916
Topic: BatzS - Romani

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

 Official British War History Map of Romani

 

Romani and the disposition of the various armies, 4 August 1916

[Click on map for larger image]

 

To put the Battle of Romani into context, below is part of a series of maps which will illustrate the places mentioned in the various texts which appears on this topic.

 

Further Reading:

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, 4 to 5 August 1916, Official British War History Map of Romani, 4 August 1916

Posted by Project Leader at 10:43 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 20 August 2010 8:48 AM EADT
Battle of Romani, Sinai, 4 to 5 August 1916, New York Times account of Romani, 6 August 1916
Topic: BatzS - Romani

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

 New York Times Account of Romani, 6 August 1916

 

New York Times Account of Romani

[From: New York Times, 6 August 1916.]

 

The Battle of Romani was a series of  engagements that took place over the period of about five days. It involved a advance from the Turkish forward base at Ogratina with the objective of taking Romani and thus allowing Turkish artillery the ability to harass shipping in the Suez Canal. The reports of this battle and many other battles often appeared in the New York Times prior to appearing in any media within the British Empire. Below is the first report in the New York Times of 6 August 1916.

  

Turkish Army Attacks British in Egypt

14,000 Troops Trying to Take Romani in Attempt to Reach Suez Canal.

Warships Shelling Foe

Repeated Assaults on Fortified Positions Repulsed by Defenders, Who Capture 500 Turks.

LONDON, Aug. 5. - British positions near Romans, east of Port Said, are being attacked by 14.000 Turks, according to an official statement issued by the War Office. The Turks are attacking along a front of seven to eight miles, the statement says, and have so far been repulsed.

The text of the announcement is appended:

The following report, timed 11:10 P. M. on the 4th of August has been received from the general officer commanding in chief in Egypt:
Since midnight of Aug. 3-4 Turks, whose strength is estimated at 14,000, have been attacking our position near Romani, east of Port Said, on a front of seven to eight miles.

The position at dusk on the 4th of August was that their attacks had made no impression on our fortified position, while on the southern flank the fighting also was going in our favor, and between 400 and 500 prisoners had been captured there.

Ships of the Royal Navy rendered valuable assistance from the Bay of Tina.

Fighting still was in progress when this report was dispatched. The temperature posture during the day reached 100 degrees in the shade.

The Turkish attack comes as no surprise to those who are in close touch with the operations in that part of the world. General Sir Archibald Murray, who commands the British Army there, has long realized that the Turks with the assistance of the Austrians and Germans, might make a serious attempt on the canal, even at the hottest period of the year.

Austrian and German engineers for many months have been digging for water which, close to the Mediterranean coast, exists in many oases at no considerable depth under the sand, although it mostly is too brackish for use by European troops. The Turks must, therefore, have made very thorough arrangements for the storage and 'transportation of water, the country being a pure sand desert with small widely scattered oases of date palms growing around ancient wells. At Romani, where fighting is in progress, the Turks must bring up every drop of water from Aughratina,* ten miles away.

It is understood the Turks have with them some 1,000 to 2,000 Austro-German infantry, + as well as a large number of Bedouin irregular horse.

Their choice of the coast route instead of the caravan road from Katia to Kantara, which they took the last time, brings their flank under the fire of warships in the Bay of Tina.

 

Notes:

* Aughratina = Ogratina

+ The complete War Diary of the 605th Machine Gun Company may be found on this site at the following address: 

http://alh-research.tripod.com/Light_Horse/index.blog?topic_id=1104391 

 

Further Reading:

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, 4 to 5 August 1916, New York Times account of Romani, 6 August 1916

Posted by Project Leader at 10:05 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 20 August 2010 9:16 AM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, July 1
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 1 July

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Wednesday, July 1, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.

 

1915

Thursday, July 1, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Walkers Ridge
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No entry.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - Buried some 30 Turks.

Effective strength = 1,211.

Parts of 10th Light Horse Regiment sent at night to try and capture "Sniper's Ridge" from whence considerable successful sniping has been carried out last two months by Turks - Its about 1400 yards north east of left of Walkers Junction and same distance from beach in front of No 2. Sub Section. Party unsuccessful encountering heavy fire. Lieutenant Hamlin in charge. He retired with one man, 429 Corporal JR Kingdon, missing.

Much useful information from one of our captured prisoners. The attack on 29/30 June 1915 on us was carried out by 18th Regiment [three Battalions], Enver Bey present. Turks mentally fear our bombs and accurate rifle fire. Food good. Ammunition plentiful. There were three maxims immediately in front of us - one placed out of action. Battalions commanded by Turkish Officers who drove their men forward. 2nd Battalion attacked supported by 3rd Battalion. Suffered heavy losses and retreated. Turks would like to come in if they could. Two white starlight signal for general attack. German Officers in charge of guns.

We have been burying Turks all day.

Good progress all along line last week.

Impossible to get any information regarding our casualties which have left. Those sick especially appear to drift back in most casual way from Lemnos.

9th Light Horse Regiment relieved by Auckland Mounted Rifles in trenches tomorrow.


Carew Reynell Diary   - No Entry.

 

1916

Saturday, July 1, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Roadhead Serapeum.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Routine training and patrol work.

 

1917

Sunday, July 1, 1917


9th Light Horse Regiment Location - El Shellal

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - church Parade held at 0800.

Until further notice lights out to be at 2000.

Ridgway, 1438 Trooper EB, died of wounds. [See Henry Bostock for account.]

1918

Monday, July 1, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Solomon's Pools

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - O'Neil, 686 Trooper T, “C” Squadron tried by FGCM [Field General Court Martial] - Charge "Absent without leave".

Daly, Major TJ, DSO; and, 21 Other Ranks proceeded to Port Said Rest Camp.

0800 - 1030 Training of specialists and Non Commissioned Officer as per Syllabus.

 

1919

Tuesday, July 1, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Tel el Kebir

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0005, Post at El Rimal entrained for concentration at Moascar comprising strength of one Officer and 34 Other Ranks.

0020 Post at Abu Sueir entrained for concentration at Moascar comprising strength of one 40 Other Ranks.

0100, Arrived at Moascar - spare kit stacked on station and guard posted, remainder marching to camp area where tents had been already pitched.

0900 - 1400 Disinfection of clothing.

 


Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 30 June

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 2 July

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 July

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 14 September 2010 7:52 PM EADT
Monday, 30 June 2008
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 1 July 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

1 July 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary


Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 30 June - 6 July 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

Bert Schramm 

Monday, July 1, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Solomon's Pools, Bethlehem, Palestine.

Bert Schramm's Diary - Nothing worth recording. Rumoured that we are to move back to the Jordan Valley on the 10th.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Solomon's Pools, Bethlehem, Palestine.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - O'Neil, 686 Trooper T, C Squadron tried by FGCM [Field General Court Martial] - Charge "Absent without leave" Daly, Major TJ, DSO; and, 21 Other Ranks proceeded to Port Said Rest Camp.

0800 - 1030 Training of specialists and Non Commissioned Officer as per Syllabus.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 July

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

 

Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 30 June 1918

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 July 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 1 July 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 1 June 2011 5:20 PM EADT

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