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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Sunday, 14 September 2008
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 14 September 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

14 September 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary


Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 11 - 17 September 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Bert Schramm

Saturday, September 14, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Ludd area

Bert Schramm's Diary - The whole division went out on manoeuvres today and everyone is preparing for a move from here shortly.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Ludd area

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Divisional full marching order parade and inspection followed by divisional tactical exercise. The Regiment returned to bivouac at 1400.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 14 September

  

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

 

 

Previous:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 13 September 1918

Next:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 15 September 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 

Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 14 September 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 1:49 PM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 5 June 2011 10:33 PM EADT
Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 1
Topic: Militia - LH

DISTRIBUTION OF MILITIA FORCES

2ND MILITARY DISTRICT

LIGHT HORSE.

2nd LIGHT HORSE BRIGADE.

Brigade Head-Quarters - Sydney.

4th Light Horse (New South Wales Northern Rivers Lancers).
(Attached for training, 1913-14, to 1st Light Horse Brigade.)

Head-Quarters - Lismore

Machine Gun Section - Lismore

"A" Squadron - Casino (A Troop and B Troop), Grafton (C Troop), Maclean (D Troop)

"B" Squadron - Lismore (A Troop), Coraki (B Troop), Kyogle (C Troop and D Troop)

"C" Squadron - Murwillumbah (A Troop and B Troop), Bangalow (C Troop) Mullumbimby (D Troop)

5th Light Horse (New England Light Horse).

Head-Quarters - Armidale

Machine Gun Section - Armidale

"A" Squadron - Tenterfleld (A Troop and B Troop), Glen Innes (C Troop),
Guyra (D Troop)

"B" Squadron - Tamworth (A Troop and B Troop), Armidale (C Troop), Manilla (D Troop)

"C" Squadron - Inverell (A Troop and B Troop), Moree (C Troop), Narrabri (D Troop)


6th Light Horse (Hunter River Lancers).

Head-Quarters - West Maitland

Machine Gun Section - West Maitland

"A" Squadron - West Maitland (A Troop), Raymond Terrace (B Troop and C Troop), Dungog (D Troop)

"B" Squadron - Scone (A Troop and B Troop), Muswellbrook (C Troop and D Troop)

"C" Squadron - Singleton (A Troop and B Troop), Cessnock (C Troop), Gresford (D Troop)

16TH SIGNAL TROOP (ENGINEERS) - SYDNEY

25TH ARMY SERVICE CORPS - NEWCASTLE.

25TH ARMY MEDICAL CORPS (LIGHT HORSE FIELD AMBULANCE) - NEWCASTLE

 

Further Reading:

For the New South Wales Light Horse Militia establishment, see:

Light Horse structure 1903

1903 Reorganisation, New South Wales

Light Horse structure 1914

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 1

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 2


Individual Light Horse Regiments, see:

4th (New South Wales Northern Rivers Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

4th Light Horse

5th (New England Light Horse) Australian Light Horse Regiment

5th Light Horse

6th (Hunter River Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

6th Light Horse

7th (New South Wales Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

7th Light Horse

9th (New South Wales Mounted Rifles) Australian Light Horse Regiment

9th Light Horse 

11th (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse Regiment

11th Light Horse 

28th (Illawarra) Australian Light Horse Regiment

28th Light Horse 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments, see:

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14 

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, see:

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 1

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 2

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 3

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 4

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 5

For 1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution, see:

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 3

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 4

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 5

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 6 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 7 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 8 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 9 

 

Additional reference:

RK Peacock, Evolution of Australian Light Horse Regiments 1841-1935,  Unpublished MSS, c.1936. 

 


Citation: Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 1


Posted by Project Leader at 1:22 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 23 September 2008 9:16 PM EADT
10th LHR Routine Order No 4, 2 November 1914
Topic: AIF - 3B - 10 LHR

Apart from the War Diary which presents a reflected view of Regimental history, one of the best sources of understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. Over the following weeks, the Routine Orders for the 10th Light Horse Regiment will be posted. They are an almost complete collection from commencement as 7th Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron to reformation as the 10th Light Horse Regiment. It tells the story of the regiment in a way never touched by a unit history. What is revealed is the day to day lives faced by the men in the Regiment. It lists the highs and lows but in so doing, is the history of the common man.


 

10th LHR Routine Order No 4, 2 November 1914
[Click on page for a larger print version.] 

"C" Troop, "C" Squadron

In terms of tracing the roles played by people during the various actions, this RO gives away a goldmine of information. The allocation of men to "C" Troop, "C" Squadron allows a person to trace the fate of their relative from inception. This allottment was subject to change due to the needs of the Regiment. The men did not necessarily remain in "C" Squadron during their whole service period.

Here are a few names identified:

445 Pte Philip Lester Moran   
430 Pte Thomas Victor Lakeland, KIA 10 September 1915
219 Sgt William Lauchlan SANDERSON       
89 Pte Francis McMahon, KIA 29 August 1915

Lest We Forget

Discharges

Alfred Aylemore and CA Whyatt were both discharged from the 10th LHR as unlikely to become efficient soldiers. These are two men who served with the 10th LHR, albeit for a short period, but do not make it onto the rolls. Without this RO, their names would be lost as would their role in this conflict.

Transport Wagons

Corporal Brown with five men was ordered to obtain one day's rations and report mounted for the purposes of leaving camp and obtaining the newly available transport wagons. These are the first wagons allocated to the Regiment.

 


Citation: 10th LHR Routine Order No 4, 2 November 1914

Posted by Project Leader at 9:26 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 14 September 2008 9:27 AM EADT
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 69
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 69.



Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 69.
[Turkish edition: Genelkurmay Basim Evi, Ankara 2002, p. 55]

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 69

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 13 September 2008 6:32 PM EADT
Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 27
Topic: Wp - Hotchkiss PMG

The following weeks will see the various pages from the Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook, the official manual issued by the company for the use of troops in the field. The Hotchkiss Gun was introduced in the Light Horse formations during the early months of 1917. The introduction of this robust and portable gun gave the Light Horse Regiments additional mobile fire power which considereably added to their ability to sustain light combat situations and defend against vastly numerically superior forces. Apart from being an excellent weapon, it was in much demand by the Turkish forces who considered the capture of a Hotchkiss Gun well worth any risks involved in the process. This is a manual produced in 1917 and illustrates the method by which the Hotchkiss Gun was packed and moved throughout the Palestine campaign.


Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 27

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Citation: Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 27

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 13 September 2008 6:47 PM EADT

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