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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Monday, 3 November 2008
Lesson 11 Aboriginal Light Horsemen, Lesson Plan
Topic: AAB-Education Centre

Education Centre

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre in conjunction with the various Education authorities in Australia, has embarked upon producing a program of instruction targeted initially towards the Later Adolescence band of scholars, characteristically those who are studying in Year 9 and 10 within Australia. Each lesson will be a self contained module. Some will be more difficult than others and graded accordingly.

 

Lesson 11 Aboriginal Light Horsemen

Level: Later adolescence – Year 9 and 10

Sensitivity – When dealing with this subject, it is important to be aware that in some Aboriginal communities, hearing or seeing names or seeing images of deceased persons might cause sadness or distress, particularly to the relatives of these people. Some Aboriginal cultures may also have prohibitions on who may see certain records based on the age, or sacred or sensitive status of information in them, as it relates to individuals of any particular Aboriginal group. Students need awareness of these sensitivities and care in dealing with the information gained should be emphasised. Indigenous student should be given the option to participate in this learning session or undertake an alternative activity.

Overview

Indigenous Australians have always been part of the Australian Story from the inception of European colonisation. This was recognised until Federation in 1901 when Aboriginals were virtually stripped of their citizenship by the Constitution, a situation that remained till 1967. Despite that, Aboriginals played a minor but significant role in the subsequent life of the nation. During the Great War, despite prejudice, many Aboriginal men enlisted in the AIF. They faced the same dangers as everyone else, won medals for bravery and some paid the ultimate price with their lives. In this lesson students explore the history of Aboriginal participation in the Australian Light Horse during the Great War; identify issues of specific Aboriginal concerns; research and produce a military biography; develop conclusions based upon the available information; and deliver findings of the study.

Outcomes

Students:

  • Understand “race” and “Aboriginal”;
  • Consider the role played by Aboriginal people in Australian history;
  • Understand the varied treatment of Aboriginal soldiers during the Great War;
  • Undertake a specific case study of one Aboriginal Light Horseman accessing the service file; and,
  • Define specific Aboriginal Light Horse terms.

Focus questions

  • What do we mean by the term “race”?
  • What is an Aboriginal?
  • Why is the understanding of Aboriginal history in Australia important?


Introduction

  1. Initiate discussions by asking students: What sort of groups form in the community? (Common ethnic or racial features may lead to the formation of groups within the community.)
  2. Discuss the reasons why Aboriginals may have been excluded from participating in Australian society when the Great War broke out and continued during the war.


Main activity

From the Australian War Memorial Encyclopaedia:

Indigenous Australian servicemen

Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders have fought for Australia, from the Boer War onwards.

Change in attitudes

Generally, Aborigines have served in ordinary units with the same conditions of service as other members. Many experienced equal treatment for the first time in their lives in the army or other services. However, upon return to civilian life, many also found they were treated with the same prejudice and discrimination as before.

First World War

Over 400 Indigenous Australians fought in the First World War. They came from a section of society with few rights, low wages, and poor living conditions. Most Aborigines could not vote and none were counted in the census. But once in the AIF, they were treated as equals. They were paid the same as other soldiers and generally accepted without prejudice.

Enlistment and Service First World War

When war broke out in 1914, many Aborigines who tried to enlist were rejected on the grounds of race; others slipped through the net. By October 1917, when recruits were harder to find and one conscription referendum had already been lost, restrictions were cautiously eased. A new Military Order stated: "Half-castes may be enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force provided that the examining Medical Officers are satisfied that one of the parents is of European origin."

This was as far as Australia – officially – would go.

Why did they fight?

Loyalty and patriotism may have encouraged Aborigines to enlist. Some saw it as a chance to prove themselves the equal of Europeans or to push for better treatment after the war.

For many Australians in 1914 the offer of 6 shillings a day for a trip overseas was simply too good to miss.

Too dark

Aborigines in the First World War served on equal terms but after the war, in areas such as education, employment, and civil liberties, Aboriginal ex-servicemen and women found that discrimination remained or, indeed, had worsened during the war period.

See:

Indigenous Australian servicemen

 

  1. After reading the material from the AWM Encyclopaedia, elicit reflective statements about historical treatment. 
  2. Access the story of Pte Tom Cooper and 2919 Pte Alfred John Henry Lovett. Students read the entries. Ask students: What do you think of the treatment received by Tom Cooper? Would you like that to happen to you? Was Alfred John Henry Lovett treated more fairly? Why do you think this is so? Why do you think some states (WA in particular) had so few Aboriginal recruits while other states welcomed their enlistments?
  3. Students select or are allocated a name from the supplied list of the 11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement.
  4. Students examine the service file and construct a brief biography of the soldier. These information items should be initially sought:
  5. Service Number, Surname, Given Names, Age, Employment, Married or Single, Next of Kin Relationship, Next of Kin Name and Address, Enlistment Date, Height, Weight, Chest Measurement Complexion, Eyes, Hair, Religion. Regiment Rank on Enlistment, Terms of Enlistment, Embarkation Date, Embarkation Port, Embarkation Ship, Date Taken on Strength, Chronology, Fate, Date. The last rank held in the AIF, The date of Discharge, The place where Discharged, The eligible medals awarded to the serviceman. A brief summary of events from the supplied B103 card. (Each Service Record within the Lesson 11 outlines these items in logical sequence over 5 pages.)
  6. Each student presents the produced biography to the class. The complete presentation of this information is contained in the Matrix of common service data to assist in generating discussion.
  7. Record information on a white board or similar medium to allow every student the ability to visually observe the results.
  8. Discuss the common information and elicit observations.


Debrief

  1. Ask students to describe their experience of researching a soldier. Ask: What motivated these men to enlist? Were the men treated the same as the non-indigenous Light Horse? What did they feel towards the man they were researching in terms of his experience?
  2. Did experiences vary? How? Why? What was it like to be an Aboriginal Light Horseman?


Light Horse context

  1. What was the 11th Light Horse Regiment doing when these reinforcements arrived?
  2. How did the Aboriginal soldiers fit in with the 11th Light Horse Regiment?
  3. Did their participation influence change in Australia? (Aboriginals also served in WW2 in the defence of Australia. 20 years later, in 1967, the Referendum gave Aboriginals full citizenship rights.)


Extension

  1. Ask students to find the location in Australia described as the address of the Next of Kin of the person they examined. Research some details about this location.
  2. Ask students to research the full National Archives file of the person they studied in the exercise. Extract more details that might be found on the Service Files.
  3. Ask students to research the service life of 2430 Pte John Johnston and produce a report.
  4. To contrast the service of Aboriginals, the chronology of 2460 Pte John Hall, a man who deserted, details the life of one man who enlisted but did not wish to serve, something that occurred in the broader community.   


Web support

The following items are available and recommended to be utilised as student and teacher resources.

Individualised service records prepared for the research activity:

2422 Pte William Bert Brown, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2424 Pte Edward Collins, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2423 Pte Frederick Arthur Burnett, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2459 Pte Fred Collins, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2425 Pte Jack Costello, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2426 Pte Harry Doyle, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2428 Pte Frank Fisher, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2427 Pte Joe Fitzroy, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2462 Pte Rupert Franklin Gore Gallaway, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2429 Pte John Geary, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2431 Pte Jack Kearns, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2432 Pte John McKenzie Laurie, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2433 Pte James Lingwoodock, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2434 Pte Leonard Lynch, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2438 Pte James McBride, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2437 Pte David Molloy, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2435 Pte Frank Morris, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2453 Pte Martin Mulrooney, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2436 Pte Harry Murray, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2439 Pte William Nicholld, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2440 Pte Jack Oliffe, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2443 Pte Charlie Parkes, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2441 Pte Jack Pollard, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2445 Pte Edward Smith, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2447 Pte Joe White, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

2448 Pte Leslie Thomas Wogas, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

Teaching Aids

Matrix of common service data to assist in generating discussion.

Index to Common B103 Terms

Aboriginal Servicemen

Pte Tom Cooper

2919 Pte Alfred John Henry Lovett 

2430 Pte John Johnston, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
2460 Pte John Hall, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource 

Articles

Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF

 

11th LHR History

11th Light Horse War Diary Index for 1918 - 1919, Lesson 11 Resource

11th LHR, AIF account about the 2nd Es Salt Raid - March to May 1918, Chapter XVI

11th LHR, AIF account about the Jordan Valley – May to August 1918, Chapter XVII


Word bank

  • Indigenous
  • Aboriginal
  • Light Horse
  • AIF
  • Great War
  • “Not of substantially European descent”
  • Attestation Papers
  • reinforcement
  • half caste
  • dark
  • race
  • B103
  • Taken on Strength


Definitions

Aborigine:

  1. An indigenous person who was born in a particular place;
  2. A dark-skinned member of a race of people living in Australia when Europeans arrived; and,
  3. Is a person of Aboriginal descent who identifies as an Aboriginal and is accepted as such by the community in which he (she) lives.



race

  1. A local geographic or global human population distinguished as a more or less distinct group by genetically transmitted physical characteristics.
  2. A group of people united or classified together on the basis of common history, nationality, or geographic distribution: the German race.
  3. A genealogical line; a lineage.
  4. Humans considered as a group.


Learning outcome principles covered by module for Late Adolescent students:

  1. 21 LA.2. How government policies have affected Indigenous peoples and their pursuit of citizenship rights
  2. 21 LA.4. The events, people and movements that shaped the development of Australia (e.g. colonisation and expansion, development of governments, participation in major wars) and the contexts in which events and actions occurred (e.g. social and economic context, motivation and beliefs of individuals) Contemporary society
  3. 21 LA.7. Select and apply geographical tools and processes (e.g. maps, graphs, photographs, flow charts, fieldwork, action research) to gather, interpret and present geographical information on Australia
  4. 21. L A.8.  Analyse sources, perspectives, theories and gaps in narrative accounts of Australia and Australians
  5. 21 LA.9. Sequence historical events and relevant contextual information to explain and create narrative accounts of Australia and Australians.

Additional Reading:

Listing of Aboriginal Servicemen Biographies on this site

Education Centre Topic Outline

 

External Reference From Wikipedia:

Australian referendum, 1967 (Aboriginals)

 


Citation: Lesson 11 Aboriginal Light Horsemen, Lesson Plan

Posted by Project Leader at 2:09 PM EAST
Updated: Sunday, 16 November 2008 9:10 PM EAST
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 119
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 119.



Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 119.

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

This chapter deals with Hüsnü observations and critiques on the Ottoman conduct of the capture of Beersheba, 31 October 1917.

 

Further Reading:

List of all other Battle of Beersheba accounts  on the blog

Full listing of all material about Beersheba on the blog

 


Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 119

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Tuesday, 4 November 2008 6:47 AM EAST
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 3 November
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 3 November

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Tuesday, November 3, 1914

9th Light Horse Regiment Location -  Morphettville Race Course Camp and Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Formation of Regiment occurring at Morphettville Race Course Camp, Adelaide, while "C" Squadron is formed at Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

See: Broadmeadows 1909

 

1915

Wednesday, November 3, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Spur

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Lieutenant General Sir WR Birdwood, GOC, inspected the trenches and position today. Instructions received to get ready to vacate portion of the position in a few days. The New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade are to take over B, C(1), C(2), D, E(1) and E(2) sections of the fire trench.

 

1916

Friday, November 3, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir Etmaler

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No entry

AWM25 707/5 Box 50 File 216 9th Light Horse Regiment Routine Order 493

The reinforcements received on Saturday, October 21, 1916 were allocated to the following units: -

A Squadron
Bailey, 2802 Trooper GH; Bailie, 2803 Trooper GH; Bowden, 2805 Trooper JT; Cameron, 2255 Trooper EF; Carr, 2806 Trooper AH; Coombe, 2807 Trooper AC; Coulter, 2184 Trooper H; Cowan, 2808 Trooper JL; Ellis, 2262 Trooper FJ; Frost, 546 Trooper WL; Hamp, 2803 Trooper AC; Hamp, 2814 Trooper JR; Hancock, 2823 Trooper GT; Kelly, 2582 Trooper PJ; Langcake, 2127 Trooper LR; Prettijohn, 2756 Trooper G; Reeves, 2670 Trooper JH; Robertson, 2471 Trooper J; Sandland, 2822 Trooper EW; Sawyer, 2591 Trooper WA; Schmidt, 1287 Trooper NO; Schramm, 2823 Trooper HL; Smyth, 2758 Trooper SC; and, Woodhouse, 2342 Trooper GH.

B Squadron
Brewster, 2249 Trooper EV; Carroll, 646 Trooper J; Hank, 2115 Trooper RH; Jones, 2581 Trooper AJ; Leahy, 2815 Trooper CM; and, Smith, 2826 Trooper LJ.

C Squadron
Crowley, 2744 Trooper JJ; Edington, 2810 Trooper JS; Goodall, 2746 Trooper JH; McLeod, 2819 Trooper JG; Preston, 1841 Trooper CAL; and, Whittlesea, 2830 Trooper WP.

Headquarters' Staff
James, 2282 Trooper P; Learmonth, 2816 Trooper WJ; Schwartz, 2824 Trooper FH; Thompson, 2827 Trooper WD; and, Whitelaw, 2829 Trooper ER.

 

1917

Saturday, November 3, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Beersheba.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Prior to the capture of Beersheba the enemy destroyed all the wells. Today large parties were detailed from this Regiment in repairing wells in vicinity of the battery. Water for both men and animals was very scarce. At 1700, C Squadron returned from Karm having handed prisoners over to 20th Corps.

 

1918

Sunday, November 3, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Homs

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Usual camp routine.

 

1919

Monday, November 3, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.

 

 

Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 2 November

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 4 November

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 3 November

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Friday, 17 September 2010 10:22 AM EADT
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 3 November 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

3 November 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary


Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

 

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 1 - 4 November 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

Bert Schramm

Sunday, November 3, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Homs, Syria

Bert Schramm's Diary -  Had more official news today concerning the Turkish armistice and it practically amounts to an unconditional surrender and demobilisation of the whole army. We are to have full control of all railways and the Tories Tunnel.

[Note: Tories Tunnel = The Taurus rail tunnel. Ed. The fifty-four-kilometer Taurus Tunnel complex, as the final link of the Berlin - Baghdad Railway, was completed through the Taurus Mountains during October 1918. Many Allied POW's were employed on this project as forced labour. The original idea was to penetrate the range by one tunnel, but a series of twelve tunnels and bridges had to be built. The concrete bridges have a total length of 362 yards, and the tunnels a total length of 7 miles 580 yards.]

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Homs, Syria

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Usual camp routine.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 3 November

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

 

 

Previous:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 November 1918

Next:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 4 November 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 

Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 3 November 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Saturday, 11 June 2011 11:48 AM EADT
Sunday, 2 November 2008
Index to Common B103 Terms
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

Education Centre

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre in conjunction with the various Education authorities in Australia, has embarked upon producing a program of instruction targeted initially towards the Later Adolescence band of scholars, characteristically those who are studying in Year 9 and 10 within Australia. Each lesson will be a self contained module. Some will be more difficult than others and graded accordingly.

 

Lesson 11 Aboriginal Light Horsemen

Resource -Index to Common B103 Terms

When examining the Light Horseman's Service File, one of the most common forms in the Service File is the B103, the Casualty Form - Active Service. Every movement of the soldier is recorded. The reasons for this are fourfold.

1. The location of the soldier at any one time was essential to establish where his rations were to be drawn.

2.  The form established the entitlements to drawing pay at a particular level. A soldier in the field was allowed to draw pay but when in hospital was not allowed to draw their pay as it was considered that everything to assist the soldier's recovery was provided.

3.  By tracking the movements of the soldier, it allowed early detection of desertion if that were to occur.

4. At the end of the war, the chronology of this form was used as the basis for post war entitlements such as medals, pensions, repatriation assistance, access to hospitals and any other service available for an ex-serviceman for the rest of his life.

The B103 may be as simple as one sheet or multiple sheets. It depended upon the individual serviceman.

To assist in understanding this particular form in relation to the men from the 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource, a list of terms and names are available within this Index to Common B103 Terms. Note, this list is only specific to the men who made up the 11th Light Horse Regiment 20th Reinforcements.

 

Map from Cairo to Haifa

[Click on map for larger version.]

[Adapted From:  Melbourne Age, 6 February 1915, p. 11.]

 

Common B103 Terms

 

Locations

The numbers next to the towns refer to the numbers in the map above.

Abbassia - 1 - A major city precinct in Cairo. Many of the major Allied hospitals were located in this district.
Alexandria - 2 - The chief northern port located in the Nile Delta. 
Belah - 3 - Full name is Deir el Belah, a small village in Palestine about half way between Gaza and the Egyptian - Palestine border. It served as the camping area of the Desert Mounted Corps in 1917.
Gaza - 4 - The major southern coastal city of Plaestine where three major battles took place in 1917. It became a hub for Allied supply receipt and distribution.
Haifa - 5 - A coastal city in northern Palestine with a substantial Jewish population [1918]
Kantara - 6 - The largest Allied supply depot in Egypt during the war.
Moascar - 7 - An Egyptian town near the Suez Canal where the Allied training depots were located.
Port Said - 8 - Port at the northern end of the Suez Canal. It contained many Allied Rest Camps
Suez - 9 - Port at the southern end of the Suez Canal. The main embarkation destination for Australian and New Zealand troops

 

Units

1st MD - 1st Military District. This District  incorporated all Queensland, part of Northern New South Wales and Darwin from the Northern Territory.
2nd MD - 2nd Military District. This  District  incorporated most of New South Wales except for the Northern District in the 1st MD, a few towns on the Murray River which are included in the 3rd MD and the Broken Hill region which is included in the 4th MD.
3rd MD - 3rd Military District. This District included all Victoria and some towns along the Murray River that are in New South Wales.
4th MD - 4th Military District. This District included all South Australia and the Broken Hill region in New South Wales.
2nd Aus Stat Hosp - 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital
4 Tng Reg - 4th Light Horse Brigade Training Regiment
4th F Amb - 4th Light Horse Field Ambulance
9 MVS - 9th Mobile Vet Section
11 LH Regt - 11th Light Horse Regiment
14 AGH - 14th Australian General Hospital
21 Gen Hosp - 21st General Hospital (British)
31 Gen Hosp - 31st General Hospital (British)
24 Stat Hosp - 24th Stationary Hospital (British)
36 Stat Hosp - 36th Stationary Hospital (British)
44 Stat Hosp - 44th Stationary Hospital (British)
45 Stat Hosp - 45th Stationary Hospital (British)
47 Stat Hosp - 47th Stationary Hospital (British)
33 CC Stn - 33rd Casualty Clearing Station (British)
66 CC Stn - 66th Casualty Clearing Station (British)
76 CC Stn - 76th Casualty Clearing Station (British)
Bde HQ - Brigade Headquarters
Bonlac - An isolation hospital for contagious diseases
Con Dept - Convalescent Depot
EEF - Egypt Expeditionary Force
FP Compound - Field Punishment Compound
Isol Compound - Isolation Compound
PSRC - Port Said Rest Camp
R Camp - Rest Camp
Rfts Camp - Reinforcements Camp

 

Abbreviations

A/Cpl -  Acting Corporal
CB - Confined to Barracks, usually a punishment
Cpl - Corporal. The NCO grade above Lance Corporal.
DMC RO 288 - Desert Mounted Corps Routine Order Number 288, 28 April 1918.
do - ditto, same as above.
Dvr - Driver. Usually the person driving the horse drawn wagons. Drivers were paid 1/- per day above the private or trooper.
EDP Cpl - Extra Depot Corporal. A person promoted to a NCO rank over and above the establishment of the unit.
ER Cpl - Extra Regimental Corporal. A person promoted to a NCO rank over and above the establishment of the Regiment.
FGCM - Field General Court Martial
FP - Field Punishment. For minor offences Field Punishment was implemented to ensure the soldier remained at all time with his unit.
GSW - Gun Shot Wound, most frequently to describe a shrapnel wound.
HMAT - His Majesty's Australian Transport. One of the many ships leased to the Australian government at the outbreak of war.
HT -  see HMAT.
L/Cpl - Lance Corporal, the lowest NCO grade.
M/in - Marched in. The date when a soldier joined a unit.
M/out - Marched out. The date when a soldier departed from a unit.
MU - Medically Unfit. This was one of the most common reasons for a soldier's early discharge from the AIF.
NCO - Non Commissioned Officer.
ND - No diagnosis.
Nom Roll - Nominal Roll.
NYD - Not yet diagnosed.
Pte - Private. The lowest rank in the force.
Sgt - Sergeant. The NCO grade above Corporal.
TOS - Taken on Strength. This was the process of adding a person to the ration strength of a unit.
Tpr -  Trooper. In early 1915, the AIF ordered that all members of the Australian Light Horse who were at the rank of Private were to be thenceforth called "Trooper".
vice - In the place of ... usually a name follows.
VO Cpl - Voyage Only Corporal.
WOAS - When on active service

 

Further Reading:

Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF

 


Citation: Index to Common B103 Terms

Posted by Project Leader at 11:11 PM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 12 November 2008 1:49 PM EAST

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The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

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