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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Friday, 7 November 2008
The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, Beatty Poem
Topic: BatzP - Beersheba

The Battle of Beersheba

Palestine, 31 October 1917

Beatty Poem


Watering the horses at Beersheba

[From: Auckland War Memorial Museum, Williams Album 213]

 

The poem written by 2639 Tpr Arthur Wilson Beatty soon after taking place in the charge at Beersheba.

 

BEERSHEBA.

(Written by 2639 Tpr Arthur Wilson Beatty, C Sqn, 4th LHR)

We left the "Wadey" at break of day,
We rode far into the night;
Our loads were heavy, our horses poor,
But we pushed them on as we'd done before,
And swallowed the dust, and growled and swore,
Till Esani came in sight.

Two days we rested, three days we rode,
While the 'planes buzzed overhead.
We left Khalasa at dead of night,
And we rode till dawn; then, streaked with white.
The mountains of Judah came in sight,
Like watchers o'er the dead.

We kept our horses behind the rise,
We followed the "Wadey" round,
And sunset found us behind a hill,
Our horses tired, but ready still
To gallop again at their riders' will,
And watch for the broken ground.

Three miles of a wind-swept, shell-torn plain
Where death was sure to lurk!
The shrapnel screamed, the bullets whined,
Swift death spat out from the redoubts lined,
And red flame showed where the wells were mined
By the panic-stricken Turk.

The sun set red as we galloped on,
Our ranks thinned here and there,
As one dropped out who would ride no more
And a groan, as somebody galloped o'er
A foeman, battered and sick an sore,
Surrendering in despair!
    .
Onward we rode till we reached the town,
At the end of the three-mile plain.
Empty and burning the old town lay;
The foeman beaten, had slunk away,
And left us there at the dawn of day,
To follow, and fight again.

The sun rose high on the saddest scene,
The last of the boys "gone West!"
They'd all gone out as the soldier dies -
We buried them out on a lonely "rise"
Where the mournful wind from the desert sighs
We left them there at rest.

Perhaps a cross, or a row of shells,
On wind-swept dusty "rise,"
Will mark where a brave man left the race
With a willing heart and a smiling face -
His grave a Bedouin camping place -
But memory never dies!

 

 

The poem Beersheba first appeared in the Melbourne Australasian, 21 September 1918, p. 577.

2639 Tpr Arthur Wilson Beatty was born at Bungaree, east of Ballarat in 1893 to William Arthur Beatty and Mary Jane Beatty nee Wilson. He enlisted with the 4th LHR, 4th Reinforcements, Regimental Number 860 and embarked to Egypt on 13 April 1915. He returned to Australia on 10 June 1915 and was confined to Langwarren where he was discharged as medically unfit for military service. He re-enlisted in the 4th LHR, 18th Reinforcements and embarked for Egypt, 11 July 1916. He served with the 4th LHR through the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian campaigns. He was at Beersheba to take part in the famous charge. He returned to Australia on 25 July 1919 and returned to Sassafras where he appears to have lived the rest of his life. He died at Melbourne on 16 September 1981 at the age of 87.

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917

Australian and New Zealand Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation:  The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, Beatty Poem


Posted by Project Leader at 2:13 PM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 7 October 2009 10:33 PM EADT
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 123
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 123.



Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 123.

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

This chapter deals with Hüsnü observations of the Turkish response to Beersheba on other parts of the battlefield.

 

Further Reading:

List of all Yildirim pages

Full listing of all material about Beersheba on the blog

 


Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 123

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Sunday, 9 November 2008 3:29 PM EAST
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 7 November
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 7 November

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Saturday, November 7, 1914

9th Light Horse Regiment Location -  Morphettville Race Course Camp and Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Formation of Regiment occurring at Morphettville Race Course Camp, Adelaide, while "C" Squadron is formed at Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

See: Broadmeadows 1909

 

1915

Sunday, November 7, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Spur

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No entry.

 

1916

Tuesday, November 7, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir Etmaler

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Hogan, Lieutenant LR; and, 51 Other Ranks left by train from Mahamadiyah for Anzac Rest Camp.

 

1917

Wednesday, November 7, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir Ifteis 0500; Tel el Sheria 1600.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0500, moved from night outpost line to Karm arriving there 0800 where orders were received to water and ration and proceed to Tel el Sheria. The Regiment moved from Karm at 0900. The remainder of Brigade moved at 0915.

The Regiment moved mostly at the slow trot through Bir Imleih - Bir Salim Abu Irgeig at which place urgent message received from Brigade Headquarters to push on Notts Battery and Field Ambulance to Tel el Sheria. These were undertaken two miles north of Bir Salim Abu Irgeig where the Regiment halted for five minutes then moved forward again at the slow trot followed closely by Notts Battery and Field Ambulance arriving at a point two miles east of Tel el Sheria at 1200 having covered the 16 miles from Karm in three hours. On arrival east of Tel el Sheria information received that Gaza had been evacuated.

1600 The Regiment forming point of main body 3rd Light Horse Brigade moved forward towards Wadi Ayun el Sadeh. At 1645 A and B Squadrons with C Squadron in support trotted forward to take position believed to be held by enemy. On arrival it was found unoccupied and country one mile north thereof all clear. The Regiment less C Squadron withdrew to Sq O73 K33a [Ref Map 1/63360 Palestine Sheet XX] and bivouacked for night. C Squadron with 10th Light Horse Regiment on their right held night outpost right from 560 to west in Wadi Ayun el Sadeh.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary -

At 0730 on 7th November the Brigade, less 9th Light Horse Regiment watered at Karm, and at 0815 moved at a trot and walk toward Tel el Sheria. The route taken was through Khirbit Imleih and Bir Salim Abu Irgeig positions won from the enemy on the previous day. 9th Light Horse Regiment moved from Karm at 0900 and joined up with the Brigade at point two miles east of Tel el Sheria station, at 1200, having covered the 16 miles from Karm in three hours. The Brigade now reverted to the command of the Australian Mounted Division and became Divisional reserve at a point 3/4 of a mile south east of Tel el Sheria railway station.

The enemy position at Tel el Sheria had been taken the previous day by our infantry and evidence of severe fighting could be seen everywhere. Heavy casualties had been inflicted on the enemy here by our artillery, but our infantry casualties had also been very heavy. Tel el Sheria was still being heavily shelled by the enemy. The news that Gaza had been evacuated by the enemy had just been received. The mounted troops were now to take up pursuit of the retreating enemy.

At 0400 orders were received for the Brigade to move via a crossing at Khirbit Um El Bakr over Wadi Sheria to cooperate with Anzac Mounted Division on the right and clear ridge from that place to Khirbit Barrata, and Wadi Ayun el Sadeh, which were reported held the enemy rear guards. 9th and 10th Light Horse Regiments galloped on to these positions but met with very slight enemy opposition, it was now quite dark, and the enemy had fallen back very rapidly.

Brigade outpost line with 10th Light Horse Regiment on right and 9th Light Horse Regiment on the left was taken up, at 2100 orders were received from Australian Mounted Division that the line Wadi Jemmameh - Zuheilikah, must be occupied by dawn on the 8th instant at all costs. 3rd Light Horse Brigade to connect with the left of Anzac Mounted Division and the right of 5th Mounted Brigade 10th Light Horse Regiment gained touch with the 2nd Light Horse Regiment but the 9th Light Horse Regiment was unable to link up with the 5th Mounted Brigade and they had not occupied the position ordered. The weather continued to keep fine.

On the following morning an attempt was to be made by the mounted troops to cut off part of the main body of the retreating enemy force. The enemy had been driven from his strong defensive position Beersheba - Gaza, and his force was becoming disorganised.

 

1918

Thursday, November 7, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Umm Hartein

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0600 Moved to Tel el Kale station watering at Nahr Kebir en route. Arrived at Tel el Kale Station at 1030 and bivouacked.

 

1919

Friday, November 7, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.

 

 

Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 6 November

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 8 November

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 
Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 7 November

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Friday, 17 September 2010 12:44 PM EADT
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 7 November 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

7  November 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary


Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

 

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 5 - 9 November 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

Bert Schramm

Thursday, November 7, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Umm Hartein, Syria

Bert Schramm's Diary -  We moved on again this morning at 6 am and travelled about thirteen miles and camped at Tel el Kale. Very barren country.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Umm Hartein, Syria

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0600 Moved to Tel el Kale station watering at Nahr Kebir en route. Arrived at Tel el Kale Station at 1030 and bivouacked.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 7 November

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

 

 

Previous:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 6 November 1918

Next:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 8 November 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 7 November 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Saturday, 11 June 2011 1:54 PM EADT
3rd LHR, Roll of Honour, James Hamilton Ayliffe
Topic: AIF - 1B - 3 LHR

3rd LHR, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

James Hamilton Ayliffe

 

James Hamilton Ayliffe's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

James Hamilton Ayliffe

Service number: 260

Rank: Serjeant

Unit: 3rd Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 7 November 1917

Cause of death: Died of wounds

Cemetery or memorial details: PALESTINE 1 Beersheba War Cemetery

War Grave Register notes: AYLIFFE, Serjt. James Hamilton, 260. 3rd Australian Light Horse. Died of wounds 7th Nov., 1917. Son of Frank and Elizabeth Ann Ayliffe, of Myponga, South Australia. Native of Purnamoota Station, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Q. 81.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army.

 

A brief military biography of James Hamilton Ayliffe from The AIF Project:

 

Regimental number260
Place of birthPurnamoota Station near Broken Hill, New South Wales
SchoolSt Peter's College, Adelaide, South Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationBushman
AddressGypsum Street, Broken Hill, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Height5' 9.25"
Weight155 lbs
Next of kinFrank Ayliffe, Gypsum Street, Broken Hill, New South Wales
Previous military serviceSenior Cadets
Enlistment date19 August 1914
Place of enlistmentMorphetville, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name3rd Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/8/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A17 Port Lincoln on 22 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll3rd Light Horse Regiment
FateDied of wounds 7 November 1917
Place of death or woundingBeersheba, Palestine
Age at death27
Place of burialBeersheba War Cemetery (Row Q, Grave 81), Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
3
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Frank and Elizabeth Ann AYLIFFE, Myponga, South Australia. Native of Purnamoota Station, Broken Hill, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 259 Sergeant Frank Keith AYLIFFE, 5th Motor Transport Company, returned to Australia, 8 October 1918; 6537 Pte William Hawden AYLIFFE, 50th Bn, killed in action, Villers-Bretonneux, France, 25 April 1918.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine

Proceeded to join Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 9 May 1915; to hospital, 12 September 1915 (sick); rejoined unit, 17 September 1915; disembarked Gallipoli for Alexandria, 20 December 1915.

Proceeded to join Western Frontier Force, 29 December 1915; appointed Lance Corporal, 29 December 1915.

Found guilty, 26 March 1916, of leaving camp contrary to orders given by a superior officer, 10 March 1916: awarded 28 days’ Field Punishment No 2; reverted to rank of Private.

Appointed temporary Corporal, 2 July 1916; appointed Corporal, 2 July 1916.

To hospital, Romani, 1 August 1916 (sick); rejoined unit, 4 August 1916.

Wounded in action, El-Arish, 9 January 1917; admitted to 1st Field Ambulance, 10 January 1917 (gun shot wound, right arm); transferred to 24th Stationary Hospital, 11 January 1917; to 14th Australian General Hospital, Abbassia, 14 January 1917; to Convalescent Depot, Abbassia,15 February 1917; discharged to 1st Light Horse Training Regiment, Moascar, 22 February 1917; taken on strength, 1st Light Horse Training Regiment, 22 February 1917.

Transferred to 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Moascar, 6 May 1917; taken on strength, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Shellal, 8 May 1917.

Appointed Sergeant, 8 July 1917.

Admitted to 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance, Palestine, 7 November 1917 (gun shot wound, abdomen); died of wounds, 7 November 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, AYLIFFE James Hamilton

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

Battles in Palestine

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 3rd LHR, Roll of Honour, James Hamilton Ayliffe

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 3 June 2009 1:41 PM EADT

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