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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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Thursday, 9 April 2009
HMAS Una Embarkations
Topic: AIF - Ships - Una

HMAS Una

Embarkations

 

HMAS Una

 

The HMAS Una was a captured (10 October 1914) German yacht called the KGS Komet. It weighed 977 tons with an average cruise speed of 18 knots or 33.33 kmph. After the Great War it was occasionally impressed into service and was finally broken up in 1959.

Below are the ports of departure and names of all AIF personnel who embarked upon the HMAS Encounter during the Great War. 

 

Embarkations

From Sydney, 10 April 1918 

George James Johnston

1284 Leonard Ernest Pulford

1285 John Thomas Wright

 

Further Reading:

Troop transport ships

 


Citation: HMAS Una Embarkations

Posted by Project Leader at 12:28 PM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 9 April 2009 2:11 PM EADT
HMAS Encounter Embarkations
Topic: AIF - Ships - Encountr

HMAS Encounter

Embarkations

HMAS Encounter
 
 

The HMAS Encounter weighed 5,880 tons with an average cruise speed of 21 knots or 39.9 kmph. It was a Challenger Class light cruiser Commissioned on 10 December 1905. It remained in service until disarmed and renamed Penguin in 1923 and scuttled at Bondi in 1932. 

Below are the ports of departure and names of all AIF personnel who embarked upon the HMAS Encounter during the Great War.

 

Embarkations

 

From Sydney, 24 November 1918

Nathan Marcus Adler Alexander, Medical Officer

Edward Ventris Bradfield, Medical Officer

Malcolm Frizell, Medical Officer

Keith Morrison Garrett, Medical Officer

Aubrey Phillip Gunning, Medical Officer

John Hillman Hornbrook, Medical Officer

Robert Roger, Medical Officer

 

Further Reading:

Troop transport ships

 


Citation: HMAS Encounter Embarkations


Posted by Project Leader at 11:45 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 9 April 2009 2:11 PM EADT
Buffels Hoek, South Africa, August 16 to 17, 1900
Topic: BatzB - Buffels Hoek

Buffels Hoek

South Africa, 16-17 August  1900

 

Location map detailing activity around Elands River, August 1900.

[From: Rustenburg Military History Study Group.]

 

Buffels Hoek, an action fought on 16-17 August 1900 during the Second South African War, near Ottoshoop in the western Transvaal some 40 kilometres north-east of Mafeking. A 1,500-strong British column commanded by Lieut.-General Sir Frederick Carrington (which included over four squadrons of Imperial Bushmen from all six Australian colonies) was ordered to advance from Mafeking to Zeerust, which he had abandoned just a week or so earlier, but was balled by a Boer force under General H.L. Lemmer holding a line of kopjes (hills) about four kilometres long.


On the morning of' the 16th Carrington sent the bulk of his force forward under Brig.-General the Earl of Erroll to attempt to turn the Boer left. Several hills were taken at bayonet-point, but although weakened the Boer resistance held and the British troops were forced to spend the night in the positions they had won. The next morning Lemmer's men counter-attacked but were repulsed by mid-afternoon and withdrew from the field. The action reportedly cost the Boers nearly 70 casualties and Carrington's force lost about 50 killed, wounded and missing. Among the latter were five Australians killed and eleven wounded.

 

Terrain and localities of the Buffels Hoek battle.

 



Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, pp. 85-864.

 

Additional References cited by Chris Coulthard-Clark:

L.S. Amery, (ed.) The Times History of the War in South Africa 1899-1902, Vol. 4 (1906), London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co.

John Bufton (1905) Tasmainians in the Transvaal War, Hobart: S.G. Loone.

R.L. Wallace (1976) The Australians at the Boer War, Canberra: Australian War Memorial & Australian Government Publishing Service.

 

Further Reading:

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Buffels Hoek, South Africa, August 16 to 17, 1900

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 10 April 2009 12:41 PM EADT
Emptsa, North Russia, The Times, 29 September 1919
Topic: BatzO - Emptsa

Emptsa

North Russia, 29 August 1919

The Times, 29 September 1919

 


The Times, 29 September 1919, p. 7.

 

The account is transcribed below.

The Times, 29 September 1919, p. 7.

 

ARCHANGEL EVACUATED.

TROOPS EMBARK WITHOUT LOSS. 

ARCHANGEL; Sept. 26.

All our troops have embarked except 200 men of the Highland Light Infantry, who will go on board early tomorrow morning, thus the evacuation of Archangel will be complete. All the other troops embarked yesterday am now anchored in the river awaiting the Highlanders.

 Martial law has been proclaimed at Archangel. This, however, is a purely precautionary measure as Archangel is most tranquil, and the presence of many hundreds of pre-war Russian officers from Newmarket has greatly increased the confidence of the population.

With the exception of the 15 casualties to the Dvina force already reported, the evacuation has been a complete success.
 
The Murman forces will be evacuated later with all possible speed.

The people of Archangel are not showing the slightest hostility, but, on the contrary, are filled with regret at the departure of their protectors.

The Russians have issued a leaflet stating:

"The North Russian Government proposes to engage a certain number of British subjects who have been demobilized from the British Army to serve in North Russia with, the Russian armies, no contract can be entered into with British soldiers now serving in the British Army, but any who are prepared to engage themselves with the North Russian. Government after they are demobilized can give their names here."


Already 100 officers have applied to serve as airmen. Reuter.

RED ADVANCE ON MURMANSK.

The Bolshevist military bulletins of September 26 and 27 announce the starting of an offensive along the line of the Murman railway. An advance on the Northern Dvina, Archangel front, is also chronicled. - Wireless Press.
 

 

Further Reading:

North Russian Campaign, Contents

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Emptsa, North Russia, The Times, 29 September 1919

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 3 May 2009 10:02 AM EADT
Bert Schramm's Diary, 9 April 1919
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

 

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, 2823 Private Herbert Leslie Schramm, a farmer from White's River, near Tumby Bay on the Eyre Peninsular, kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September 1918 breakout by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 Bert Schramm's Diary, 9 April 1919

 


Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 8 - 11 April 1919

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Diaries

Bert Schramm

Wednesday, April 9, 1919

Bert Schramm's Location - Zagazig, Egypt.

Bert Schramm's Diary - We have been out on patrol all day with part of the 10th Regiment. Had a long ride but nothing doing. There has been trouble again in Cairo so things don't seem settled yet. Looks as if we will spend another Xmas here.

 

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Zagazig, Egypt.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - One mounted troop patrolled to El Aslugi - Shubra el Nakhla reporting all quiet. Orders received that peaceful demonstrations would be allowed in Zagazig. These eventuated during the morning and were quiet and orderly. The town was beflagged and large crowds of inhabitants paraded through the streets.

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry


Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 8 April 1919

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 10 April 1919

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF War Diary - Complete day by day list

Bert Schramm Diary 

Bert Schramm Diary - Complete day by day list

 

Additional Reading:

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

 


Citation: Bert Schramm's Diary, 9 April 1919


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 9 May 2009 9:26 PM EADT

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