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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Friday, 1 May 2009
Victorian Militia Unit Location, 1910
Topic: Militia - Inf - Vic

Victoria Militia - Infantry

1910

 

Towns throughout Victoria with a Militia Unit, 1910

Below is an alphabetical list of all towns in Victoria where a Militia Unit was located. These are all the units excluding the Australian Light Horse Regiments and Rifle Clubs which have their own particular lists. 

Ararat - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "D" Company (part)
Ballarat - 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade  Staff
Ballarat - 7th Australian Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion and Machine Gun Section
Ballarat - Australian Army Medical Corps No 3 Light Horse Field Ambulance
Beaufort - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "D" Company (part)
Bendigo - 8th Australian Infantry Regiment 2nd Battalion 2 Companies
Buangor - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "D" Company (part)
Castlemaine - 8th Australian Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion Headquarters and 3 Companies
Cheltenham - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "G" Company (part)
Donald - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "B" Company (part)
Dunolly - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "F" Company (part)
Echuca - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "E" Company (part)
Geelong - Australian Garrison Artillery No 1 and No 2 Victorian Company
Horsham - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "C" Company (part)
Inglewood - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "F" Company (part)
Jung Jung - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "C" Company (part)
Kerang - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "H" Company (part)
Keyneton - 8th Australian Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion "B" Company
Koondrook - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "H" Company (part)
Maryborough - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "F" Company (part)
Melbourne - 5th Australian Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion and Machine Gun Section
Melbourne - 6th Australian Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion and Machine Gun Section
Melbourne - Australian Army Medical Corps No 2 Field Ambulance
Melbourne - Australian Army Medical Corps No 4 Light Horse Field Ambulance
Melbourne - Australian Army Medical Corps Victorian Garrison Ambulance
Melbourne - Australian Army Supply Corps No 2 Infantry Transport and Supply Column
Melbourne - Australian Army Supply Corps Victorian Garrison Company
Melbourne - Australian Corps of Signallers No 3 Company and No 4 Company
Melbourne - Australian Field Artillery Staff, No 1, No 2, and No 5 Victorian Batteries
Melbourne - Australian Garrison Artillery Staff, No 3, No 4, No 6 and No 7 Victorian Companies
Melbourne - Australian Intelligence Corps Victorian District
Melbourne - District Headquarters Staff
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Melbourne - Pay Branch
Melbourne - Royal Australian Artillery "C" Instructional Cadre and One Company
Melbourne - Royal Australian Engineers Commonwealth of Australia Staff
Melbourne - Royal Australian Engineers Commonwealth of Australia Staff
Melbourne - Royal Australian Engineers No 2 Electric Company
Melbourne - Royal Australian Engineers No 2 Field Company
Melbourne - Royal Australian Engineers No 2 Fortress Company
Melbourne - Royal Australian Engineers No 2 Submarine Mining Company (part)
Melbourne - Royal Australian Engineers No 3 Field Troop
Melbourne - Victorian Rangers, 1st Battalion Headquarters
Melbourne - Victorian Rifles
Melbourne - Victorian Scottish Regiment, 1st Battalion
Murton - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "C" Company (part)
North Brighton - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "G" Company (part)
Port Phillip Heads - Royal Australian Artillery Staff and 3 Companies
Port Phillip Heads - Royal Australian Engineers No 2 Submarine Mining Company (part)
Queenscliff - Royal Australian Engineers No 2 Submarine Mining Company (part)
Somerville - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "G" Company (part)
St Arnaud - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "B" Company (part)
Stawell - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "A" Company (part)
Swan Hill - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "H" Company (part)
Warracknabeal - Victorian Rangers 1st Battalion "C" Company (part)
Warrnambool - Australian Field Artillery No 4 Victorian Battery
Williamstown - Australian Garrison Artillery No 5 Victorian Company


Further Reading:

Militia Unit Locations in Australia in 1910

Australian Militia activity location list 1910 

Militia Structure in Australia from 1903 to 1914

 


Citation: Victorian Militia Unit Location, 1910

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 30 May 2009 12:45 PM EADT
Emptsa, North Russia, August 29, 1919
Topic: BatzO - Emptsa

Emptsa

North Russia, 29 August 1919

 

Map of the Northern Russian region detailing the location of the conflict.

[From: The Times, 11 September 1919, p. 10.]

 

Emptsa, a town in northern Russia about 200 kilometres south of Archangel (now Arkhangel'sk) on the railway line to Vologda, which on 29 August 1919 was the scene of an action between Bolsheviks and British troops and their White Russian allies. The British were part of a two-brigade expedition, the North Russia Relief Force, which had arrived in mid 1919 to cover the withdrawal of a detachment of advisers sent the previous year to train White Russian forces. Among its members were 100-120 ex-AIF men recruited in England and enlisted mainly in the 45th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, and the 201st Machine Gun Battalion. While these volunteers were no longer the responsibility of the Australian government, within their units they still formed a distinctive national group.

 

Three Australians sitting by a stack of shells.

 

The attack on Emptsa was undertaken to enable White forces to consolidate their positions before the final British withdrawal, and involved the Australians spearheading the assault with White Russian support. Although the Bolsheviks were taken by surprise, some put up a spirited fight before the defenders fell back across the river and demolished the steel railway bridge behind them. Over 1,000 Bolsheviks were taken prisoner during the day. A highlight of the engagement was the part played by Sergeant Samuel Pearce of the 45th Battalion, a Welsh-born Victorian, in assaulting the enemy batter position north of the town. After cutting his way through barbed-wire obstacles under heavy rifle and machine-gun fire, he saw that fire from a blockhouse was harassing the advance and causing casualties. He accordingly single-handedly charged the blockhouse and killed its occupants with hand grenades, moments before being himself cut down by another enemy machine-gun. For his bravery Pearce was subsequently awarded the Victoria Cross - one of only two such awards for service in northern Russia (and both of which were to ex-AIF soldiers).

 

Machine gun blockhouse manned by Australians.

 

Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, p. 165.

 

Additional References cited by Chris Coulthard-Clark:

Lionel Wigmore (1963) They Dared Mightily, Canberra: Australian War Memorial.

Peter Burness, 'The Forgotten War in North Russia', Defence Force Journal, No. 22, May-June 1980.

 

Further Reading:

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Emptsa, North Russia, August 29, 1919

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 2 May 2009 10:11 PM EADT
Bert Schramm's Diary, 1 May 1919
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

 

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, 2823 Private Herbert Leslie Schramm, a farmer from White's River, near Tumby Bay on the Eyre Peninsular, kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September 1918 breakout by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 Bert Schramm's Diary, 1 May 1919

 


Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 28 April - 2 May 1919

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Diaries

Bert Schramm

Thursday, May 1, 1919

Bert Schramm's Location - Ismailia, Egypt.

Bert Schramm's Diary - Caught the 10 am train this morning and arrived home in time dinner. Nothing doing. Posted some photos to Lucy today.

 

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Zagazig, Egypt.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Usual camp routine. Driscoll, Lieutenant LS, evacuated to hospital.

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry


Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 30 April 1919

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 May 1919

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF War Diary - Complete day by day list

Bert Schramm Diary 

Bert Schramm Diary - Complete day by day list

 

Additional Reading:

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

 


Citation: Bert Schramm's Diary, 1 May 1919


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 9 May 2009 6:48 PM EADT
Thursday, 30 April 2009
Australian Militia Forces, Victoria, Contents
Topic: Militia - Inf - Vic

 Victoria

Australian Militia Forces

Contents

 

Items

Australian Militia Garrison Troops, Victoria, 1903  

 

 

Further Reading:

Australian Infantry Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Militia Forces, Victoria, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 3:59 PM EADT
Australian Militia Forces, South Australia, Contents
Topic: Militia - Inf - SA

 South Australian Militia - Infantry

Contents

 

Items

Australian Militia Garrison Troops, South Australia, 1903 
 

 

Further Reading:

Australian Infantry Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Militia Forces, South Australia, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 3:57 PM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 27 May 2009 6:16 PM EADT

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