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Monday, 11 May 2009
New South Wales Rifles Clubs, 1893 - 1901
Topic: MilitiaRC - NSW

Rifles Clubs

New South Wales, 1893 - 1901

 


Prott and G. Lindsay from NSW came 1st and 2nd respectively at the Victorian Rifle Association "Queen's Cup".

[From: The Town and Country Journal, 23 December 1899, p. 38.]

 

 

Rifles Clubs in New South Wales

One part of the strategy for defence of New South Wales was to develop an interest in rifle shooting. Rifle Clubs were established throughout New South Wales, most sponsored and supervised by an Infantry Regiment Company with its headquarters in the district. Members of the rifles clubs could be recognised as reservists and obtain weapons and ammunition through the military forces. Some clubs, without reservists, were directly supervised by the Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG). The table below lists the clubs formed between 1893 and 1901 in alphabetical order.

 

The Clubs

Aberdeen Rifle Club, formed on 9 December 1901, and affiliated with “G” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Muswellbrook.

Adaminaby Rifle Club, formed on 14 July 1893, and affiliated with “F” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Cooma.

Adamstown Rifle Club, formed on 16 November 1900, and affiliated with “H” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Lambton.

Adelong Crossing Rifle Club, formed on 24 March 1893 and re-opened on 19 September 1901, and affiliated with “I” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Young.

Albion Park Rifle Club, formed on 20 November 1 895, and affiliated with “E” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Kiama.

Albury Rifle Club, formed on 7 February 1896, and affiliated with “H” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Albury.

Alexandria Rifle Club, formed on 20 March 1893, and affiliated with “A” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Headquarters.

Alstonville Rifle Club, formed on 31 Jan 1898, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Armidale Rifle Club, formed on April, and affiliated with “J” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Armidale.

Ballina Rifle Club, formed on 23 Apr 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Balranald Rifle Club, formed on 9 November 1900, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists.

Barmedman Rifle Club, formed on 12 December 1900, and affiliated with “B” Company Headquarters, 1st Infantry Regiment.

Bathurst Rifle Club, formed on 21 March 1893, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Bega Rifle Club, formed on 20 March 1893, and affiliated with Bega Half-Squadron, NSW Mounted Rifles.

Bellinger River Rifle Club, formed on 12 December 1900, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Bemboka Rifle Club, formed on 14 June 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) disbanded 4 November 1907.

Berry Rifle Club, formed on 6 March 1893, and affiliated with “E” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Kiama.

Bingara Rifle Club, formed on 6 November 1 895, and affiliated with Inverell Squadron, NSW Mounted Rifles.

Blackheath Rifle Club, formed on 8 March 1893, and affiliated with “E” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Lithgow.

Bombala Rifle Club, formed on 26 June 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Boolaroo Rifle Club, formed on 28 November 1901, and affiliated with “E” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Wallsend.

Bourke Rifle Club, formed on 17 December 1901, and affiliated with “J” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Dubbo.

Braidwood Rifle Club, formed on 10 March 1893, and affiliated with “G” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Goulburn.

Brewarrina Rifle Club, formed on 25 Sep 1900, and affiliated with “G” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Wellington.

Broken Hill Rifle Club, formed on 26 June 1893, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Brungle Rifle Club, formed on 28 November 1901, and affiliated with “I” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Young.

Bulli & Woonona Rifle Club, formed on 19 April 1893, and affiliated with “C” Company Headquarters 2nd Infantry Regiment.

Burrawang Rifle Club, formed on 15 March 1893, and affiliated with “H” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Bowral.

Byron Bay Rifle Club, formed on 9 June 1899, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Central Tilba Rifle Club, formed on 25 Se 1900, and affiliated with “F” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Ulladulla.

Cobar Rifle Club, formed on 7 March 1893, and affiliated with “J” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Dubbo.

Coolamon Rifle Club, formed on 27 Aug 1900, and affiliated with “G” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Wagga Wagga.

Cooma Rifle Club, formed on 21 November 1901, and affiliated with “K” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Cooma.

Copeland North Rifle Club, formed on 26 November 1900, and affiliated with “D” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at East Maitland.

Corndale Rifle Club, formed on 13 November 1900, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Dapto Rifle Club, formed on 1 June 1895, and affiliated with “C” Company Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Regiment.

Dorrigo Rifle Club, formed on 23 March 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) no reservists.

Eurongilly Rifle Club, formed on 15 Aug 1901, and affiliated with “G” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Wagga Wagga.

Fairfield Rifle Club, formed on 31 December 1895, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Forbes Rifle Club, formed on 20 March 1893, and affiliated with “C” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Orange.

Germanton Rifle Club, formed on 8 March 1893, and affiliated with “H” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Albury.

Gerringong Rifle Club, formed on 20 March 1893, and affiliated with “E” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Kiama.

Gladesville - Balmain Rifle Club, formed on 8 March 1896, and affiliated with “K” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Hunter's Hill.

Glen Innes Rifle Club, formed on 25 March 1893, and affiliated with “K” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Glen Innes.

Goulburn Rifle Club, formed on 7 March 1893, and affiliated with “G” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Goulburn.

Goulburn Railway Ambulance Rifle Club, formed on 4 June 1900, and affiliated with “G” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Goulburn.

Grafton Rifle Club, formed on 29 March 1893, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Grattai Rifle Club, formed on 28 November 1901, and affiliated with “F” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Mudgee.

Grenfell Rifle Club, formed on 23 April 1901, and affiliated with “I” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Young.

Greta & Branxton Rifle Club, formed on 14 February 1894, and affiliated with “C” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Singleton.

Gulgong Rifle Club, formed on 15 Aug 1901, and affiliated with “F” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Mudgee.

Gundagai Rifle Club, formed on 28 March 1893, and affiliated with “F” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Yass.

Gunnedah Rifle Club, formed on 24 March 1893, and affiliated with “F” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Tamworth.

Hargraves Rifle Club, formed on 15 October 1900, and affiliated with “F” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Mudgee.

Hastings River Rifle Club, formed on 1 December 1899, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Hawkesbury Agricultural College Rifle Club, formed on 29 June 1900, and affiliated with “D” Company, and Infantry Regiment located at Richmond.

Hill End Rifle Club, formed on 14 June 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Hillgrove Rifle Club, formed on 28 April 1896, and affiliated with “J” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Armidale.

Hydonton Rifle Club, renamed Murrurundi Rifle Club, formed on 4 April 1893, and affiliated with “G” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Muswellbrook.

Inverell Rifle Club, formed on 22 April 1893, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Jamberoo Rifle Club, formed on 15 March 1893, and affiliated with “E” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Kiama.

Jindabyne Rifle Club, formed on 26 May 1893, and affiliated with “K” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Cooma.

Junee Rifle Club, formed on 20 December 1895, and affiliated with “I” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Young.

Kangaroo Valley Rifle Club, formed on 3 December 1 895, and affiliated with “H” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Bowral.

Katoomba Rifle Club, formed on 7 March 1893, and affiliated with “D” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Richmond.

Kiama Rifle Club, formed on 22 May 1894, and affiliated with “E” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Kiama.

Lawson Rifle Club, formed on 6 September 1900, and affiliated with “E” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Lithgow.

Lismore Rifle Club, formed on 11 September 1895, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Lithgow Rifle Club, formed on 8 March 1893, and affiliated with “E” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Lithgow.

Liverpool Rifle Club, formed on 23 June 1890, and affiliated with “D” Company Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Regiment.

Long Creek Rifle Club, formed on 27 May 1890, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

MacLean Rifle Club, formed on 26 Jul 1899, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Maitland Rifle Club, formed on 23 February 1893, and affiliated with “B” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at West Maitland.

Manly Rifle Club, formed on 22 December 1900, and affiliated with “D” Company Headquarters, 1st Infantry Regiment.

Merriwa Rifle Club, formed on 10 July 1894, and affiliated with “G” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment -Muswellbrook.

Milton Rifle Club, formed on 7 July 1893, and affiliated with “F” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Ulladulla.

Moss Vale Rifle Club, formed on 2 March 1898, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Mount Kembla Rifle Club, formed on 22 March 1997, and affiliated with “B” Company Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Regiment.

Mount Victoria Rifle Club, formed on 21 March 1893, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Mulgoa Rifle Club, formed on 6 October 1893, and affiliated with “K” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Penrith.

Mullumbimby Rifle Club, formed on 15 August 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Murrumburrah Rifle Club, formed on 24 September 1895, and affiliated with “I” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Young.

Murrurundi Rifle Club, formed on 25 April 1893, and affiliated with “G” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Muswellbrook.

Murwillumbah Rifle Club, formed on 1 October 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Muswellbrook Rifle Club, formed on 25 January 1895, and affiliated with “G” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Muswellbrook.

Narrabri Rifle Club, formed on 20 March 1893, and affiliated with “F” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Tamworth.

Narrandera Rifle Club, formed on 8 March 1893, and affiliated with “G” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Wagga Wagga.

Newbridge Rifle Club, formed on 20 November 1895, and affiliated with “B” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Bathurst.

Newcastle Rifle Club, formed on 17 March 1893, and affiliated with “A” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Newcastle.

Newrybar Rifle Club, formed on 18 November 1896, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Nowra Rifle Club, formed on 16 March 1893, and affiliated with “F” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Ulladulla.

Old Newingtonians Rifle Club, formed on 25 August 1899, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Parramatta Rifle Club, formed on 6 March 1893, and affiliated with “H” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Parramatta.

Penrith Rifle Club, formed on 21 February 1896, and affiliated with “K” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Penrith.

Plattsburg Rifle Club, formed on 24 September 1895, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Queanbeyan Rifle Club, formed on 25 September 1900, and affiliated with “K” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Cooma.

Quirindi Rifle Club, formed on 6 November 1 895, and affiliated with “F” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Tamworth.

Randwick & Coogee Rifle Club, formed on 27 June 1901, and affiliated with “A” Company Headquarters, 1st Infantry Regiment.

Rock Hall Rifle Club, formed on 31 March 1 896, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Shellharbour Rifle Club, formed on 14 Sep 1898, and affiliated with “D” Company Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Regiment.

Singleton Rifle Club, formed on 4 July 1893, and affiliated with “C” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Singleton.

St Leopards Rifle Club, formed on 3 March 1893, and affiliated with “E” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at North Sydney.

Sunny Corner Rifle Club, formed on 26 June 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Sydney Rifle Club, formed on 6 March 1893, and affiliated with “A” Company Headquarters, 1st Infantry Regiment.

Tamworth Rifle Club, formed on 20 March 1893, and affiliated with “F” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Tamworth.

Taree Rifle Club, formed on 16 November 1900, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Tumut Rifle Club, formed on 5 July 1901, and affiliated with “F” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Yass.

Uralla Rifle Club, formed on 7 July 1893, and affiliated with “I” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Armidale.

Wagga Wagga Rifle Club, formed on 8 March 1893, and affiliated with “G” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Wagga Wagga.

Wallsend Rifle Club, formed on 16 November 1900, and affiliated with “E” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Wallsend.

Wardell Rifle Club, formed on 23 Apr 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Warren Rifle Club, formed on 25 March 1898, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Wentworth Falls Rifle Club, formed on 1 June 1893, and affiliated with “A” Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment located at Windsor.

West Broken Hill Rifle Club, formed on 7 September 1900, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

West Wallsend Rifle Club, formed on 12 July 1899, and affiliated with “E” Company, 4th Infantry Regiment located at Wallsend.

West Wyalong. Rifle Club, formed on 7 April 1897, and affiliated with “C” Company Headquarters, 1st Infantry Regiment.

Western Suburbs Rifle Club, formed on 13 March 1893, and affiliated with “J” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Ashfield.

Windsor Rifle Club, formed on 23 Apr 1901, and affiliated with “A” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Windsor.

Wingham Rifle Club, formed on 7 March 1893, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Wollongong Rifle Club, formed on 20 September 1893, and affiliated with Headquarters Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment.

Wolumla Rifle Club, formed on 11 May 1890, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG) (no reservists).

Woolgoolga Rifle Club, formed on 23 April 1901, and affiliated with Deputy Assistant Adjutant General (DAAG).

Wuuluman Rifle Club, formed on 1 October 1901, and affiliated with “G” Company, 2nd Infantry Regiment located at Goulburn.

Wyalong Rifle Club, formed on 10 February 1896, and affiliated with “F” Company, 1st Infantry Regiment located at Yass.


[From: Sutton, R., Thompson, K., and Storer, W., eds., Military Forces in New South Wales: An Introduction, Part 1, 1788 - 1904, 3rd Edition, The Army Museum Sydney Foundation, Sydney, 2000, pp. 103 - 106.]

 

Further Reading:

New South Wales Rifles Clubs

 


Citation: New South Wales Rifles Clubs, 1893 - 1901

Posted by Project Leader at 9:21 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 12 May 2009 9:16 AM EADT
Sunday, 10 May 2009
Volunteering with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, Contents
Topic: AAA Volunteers

Volunteering with

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Contents

 



 

Items

Volunteer stages

Volunteer Support 

Volunteering with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre 

 

Further Reading:

Latest Site News

 


Citation: Volunteering with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, Contents


Posted by Project Leader at 11:30 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 10 May 2009 11:32 AM EADT
Using the site, Contents
Topic: A - Using the Site

Using the site

Contents

 

Items

Navigating the site

Thread Listing

 


Citation: Using the site, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:56 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 10 May 2009 12:57 AM EADT
Using the site
Topic: A - Using the Site

Navigating the Site

Tips for optimising your journey

 

Because of the complexity, volume and nature of the material, it is a difficult task producing a front end that is simple to use for the visitor. The solution has meant that some simplicity has been sacrificed for accuracy.

All that being said, once the logic of the site is understood, it is quite simple to navigate.

 

The Sidebar

The sidebar structure is quite simple. The first items relate to the AIF, followed by the Boer War, Battles, General information, Militia, Turkish items and then Weapons. Each item is clearly marked as a heading followed by subheadings which incorporate the heading detail.

 

AIF - Australian Imperial Force

Example: AIF - 2B - 7 LHR = Australian Imperial Force, 2nd Light Horse Brigade, 7th Light Horse Regiment - which will open with a contents page detailing the items on that particular thread which will include a regimental outline. This particular section details the entire Australian Order Of Battle in the Middle East and includes information upon other national units that played a role with the AIF. So primarily there is a large listing of NZ material as there will be eventually of British material. Included are the Italians, French and British West Indies, to name a few.

 

BW - Boer War

Example: BW - NSW - NSWCBC = Boer War, New South Wales, NSW Citizens Bushemen's Contingent.  This thread deals with many issues relating to the formation and history of the NSW Citizens Bushemen's Contingent including nominal rolls and individual biographies of soldiers.

 

Batz - Battles

Example: BatzB - Buffels Hoek = Battles, Boer War, Buffels Hoek. This will give a contents page detailing all the items in the thread dealing with the battle at Buffels Hoek in which Australians saw action. There are close to about 130 battles in which Australians participated during the period 1899 - 1920 which included two in Australia itself. These are all recorded and detailed in this section.

 

GW - Great War

This section deals with the general issues relating to Australia and the Great War.

 

GM - German Items

This section deals with items specifically dealing with the German forces in the Middle East during the Great War.

 

Militia - Australian Militia 1899 - 1920

Example: Militia - LHN - 3/11/7 = Militia, Light Horse New South Wales, 3rd Australian Light Horse which became the 11th Australian Light Horse which finished as the 7th Australian Light Horse. The sub sub heading is under the subheading "Militia - LHN - NSW" highlighting the fact that this section is now dealing with New South Wales Light Horse Militia activities. This specific topic is of course about the Australian Horse.

Tk - Turkish

Example: Tk - Bks - Air Force = Turkish Items, Books, Air Force which opens to a transcription of Ole Nikolajsen's book, Ottoman Aviation 1911 – 1919.

 

Wp - Weapons

This section deals with the various weapon systems employed by the various combatant forces during the various conflicts.

 

The Search Engine

Every item on this site has been thoroughly indexed, a process which occurs daily to list new entries. 

A search engine only works as well as the parameters placed in the search box. The wider the search term, the more results will be generated. The best hint is to be very specific with your search item.

If you have a general term, firstly examine the sidebar to establish if a thread already exists which covers the search parameters. Using a term like "Beersheba" will produce many hundreds of entries since apart from hundreds of individual items, it is also listed on the sidebar as a thread and as such has its own table of contents.

 

Your suggestions

We are always open to suggestions on making such a scheme more logical and simple without sacrificing accurate content description.

 

Further Reading:

Using the site, Contents

Thread Listing

 


Citation: Navigating the site

Posted by Project Leader at 12:36 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 10 May 2009 12:59 AM EADT
The Australian Light Horse, Part 1
Topic: Militia - LH

The Australian Light Horse

Part 1

 

A shooting competition between the Hobart Town Artillery and the First Rifles at Cornelian Bay, Tasmania, 17 October 1866.

 

The following is an extract from the book by Hall, RJG, The Australian Ligth Horse, Melbourne 1967, pp. 11 - 14.

 

The Early Years 1818-1870

To understand the conditions which existed at the time of the appearance of the Australian Mounted troops, one has to make a brief examination of the development of the military defence in Australia. Such developments take place in fairly well defined periods

•    1788-1850 Imperial Forces only
•    1850-1870 Imperial Forces plus local volunteers
•    1870 Departure of Imperial Forces
•    1871-1880 State Volunteer movements
•    1880-1900 Reorganization in accordance with Jervois-Scratchley Report
•    1902 Federation reorganization


Initially, the military forces were closely associated with the nature of the community. A large number of convicts was being used in the labour field. The colonists depended upon the military, in the absence of a police force, to protect life and property against the possible threat of convict violence and aboriginal reprisals against the unwelcome intrusion. The troops supplied for this task were Imperial regiments of foot, stationed in the Australian colonies for a definite term of duty.

The New South Wales Corps, a force raised in England for service in Australia, arrived in 1790 - 1792. A detachment was stationed at Parramatta, a town later to become a strong Light Horse centre and currently the depot for one of the oldest light horse regiments, the Royal New South Wales Lancers.

Despite the popular association of the Corps with the infamous rum traffic, the disciplined development of public, as well as military services, owes much to the quality of both officers and men of the Corps. The declining good relations with the Administration, noticeably during the later part of Governor Hunter's term of office, ceased altogether after the arrival of the autocratic and unbending Governor Bligh. After the disastrous "rebellion" of 1808 the Corps returned to Britain in 1809 and were disbanded as 102 Regiment in 1818. The Australian colonies then saw the arrival and departure of 26 British line regiments and a detachment of the Royal Artillery from 1810 - 1870.

More good than ill can he said of the regiments performing their difficult duties in the colonies.

Of the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment (1835 - 1842), the "Australian" of 16 June 1842 made the following comments:

"During the sojourn of the Corps amongst us, the steady, soldierlike conduct of the men, the courteous demeanour of the officers, have carried our cordial approbation and they will leave many friends and well wishers behind them in the colony."


Not so cordial was the General Order directed at the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment (1826-1831) and published on 27th April 1826:

"The Lieutenant General is pleased to Order that John Jones and John Doherty of 57th Regiment, who have rendered themselves by self mutilation to be incapable of performing their regimental duties, be sent at the first opportunity to Norfolk Island for the purpose of being employed there as scavengers."


The 4th (King's Own) Regiment of Foot (1832-1837) left behind something more tangible than memories of their service. Lieutenant Colonel McKenzie, their commanding officer, retired on 11th July 1834, married and settled in Australia. One of his daughters married Capt A. T. Faunce of the King's Own. This couple became the grand parents of Granville Ryrie (later Major General Hon. Sir Granville Ryrie KCMG, CB, VD, commander of the 2 LH Brigade in the Great War 1914-18).

Between 1825 and 1840, the colonies suffered under a period of military inertia which was to be visited upon the country at least twice again over the next 140 years. The Colonial Office repeatedly ignored the observation of Governor Darling-that there was "a total absence of works necessary for the protection and security of the colony". The situation deteriorated even further with the reduction of the NSW Garrison in 1846 to assist in the Maori Wars. With the possibility of further reductions, the colonies were told to raise volunteers themselves. As the control of revenues, did not rest with the Legislative Councils, such a proposition was economically unsound. However, this was resolved in 1854. Further stimulation to establishing a voluntary force was provided by the outbreak of the Crimean War the same year. Following second amending act of the Volunteers Forces Act (Vic.) 1854, the following mounted troops officially existed:

NSW - One troop Yeomanry (NSW Cavalry Troop)

Vic - Victorian Volunteer Yeomanry Corps

SA - One troop of Mounted Rifles (Adelaide Mounted Rifles)


After a further decline in interest by the British Government (the Victorian Government was now meeting the entire expenses of maintaining 700 Imperial Troops), a revival occurred with the rumours of French designs against Britain in 1859. Mounted detachments were now organized in New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and South Australia.

The Castlemaine Mail, reporting upon the volunteer review held in honour of the Queen's Birthday on 24 May 1861, indicated the heat of the Victorians' fervour:

"Later a sham fight took place - the Kyneton men on the defensive. The Kyneton men got so warm that it eventually appeared more like a real than sham fight. Several accidents occurred to riders and one horse was shot in the head. Mr G. W. Johnson, ex MLA, was shot across the hand, another of the corps in the neck and another was spattered with powder in the face in such a manner that he will ever present indelible evidence of his proximity to powder More than one rifle bears dints on the barrel and cuts on the wood."


It did however provide Dr. Hutchinson, surgeon to the Castlemaine Corps, the opportunity to tend his men. This he did, resplendent in his new dress uniform which he was wearing for the first time.

By 1863, with the resurgence of Voluntary enlistments, the state of the Australian Cavalry was as follows:

NSW - Mounted Rifle detachment of 4 officers and 35 other ranks
Vic - The Royal Volunteer Cavalry Regiment (Prince of Wales Fight Horse Hussars)
Qld - 2 Troops of Mounted Rifles (Brisbane and Ipswich troops)
SA - 4 Troops of Mounted Rifles (Adelaide Mounted Rifles)
WA - A troop of Mounted Rifles (organized by the 12th Regiment of Foot)
Tas - A troop of Mounted Rifles (Launceston Mounted Rifles)


The Royal Volunteer Cavalry Regiment being the only cavalry regiment in Australia to have the Prince of Wales title, a title preserved by 17 Light Horse and later 4/19 Prince of Wales's Light Horse, it is interesting to note the circumstances of its first use. 1861 was notable in Victoria for the number of independent mounted troops, "The Castlemaine Dragoons", "The Kyneton Mounted Rifles", "The Victorian Yeomanry Cavalry" and so on, each attempting to dress themselves in a uniform both distinctive and yet quite unlike that of the rival troop.

After considerable negotiation, the like of which can well be imagined, the troops were amalgamated under the title "Royal Volunteer Cavalry Regiment". The troops were distinguished by the name of the town from which they were raised. Later in the same year, the prefix "Prince of Wales" was added in honour of the marriage of the Heir Apparent. Although disbanded in 1883, the Prince of Wales title remained in the Victorian militia for many years.

With the conditions of garrison maintenance becoming more and more unfavourable for the State Governments and the guarantee of support from Imperial troops in an emergency increasingly unlikely, it was obvious that the responsibility for military protection was to rest squarely upon the colonies. At the inter-colonial conference of 1870, the question was raised for the last time. The departure of the 18th Royal Irish Regiment and the Royal Artillery from Sydney on 14 August 1870 marked the close of the Imperial Military era.

The Sydney Morning Herald recorded the passing as follows:-

"The circumstance is important as marking an event in history, not only of this colony, but of Australia. It is the first step towards neutrality, not the result of direful conflicts and years of suffering, but the well considered conclusion of men who rule the destiny of a great nation."


With few exceptions, the military and civil example of the Imperial troops was a worthy model for the future military organization within this country, then only 30 years from achieving nationhood.


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Next: The Australian Light Horse, Part 2

 

Further Reading:

The Australian Light Horse

 


Citation: The Australian Light Horse, Part 1

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 15 May 2009 9:56 AM EADT

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