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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Tuesday, 16 June 2009
Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Harness, Saddlery and Packsaddlery
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse Regiments, AIF

Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914

Part 5, Harness, Saddlery and Packsaddlery.

 

 

This Table is based on the "War Establishments of the Australian Military Forces, 1912." Provision is made for an Armourer as a Staff Sergeant of the Regiment. No other "Attached" Officers, N.C.O.'s, or Men have been provided for. This latter personnel should come to the Regiment fully equipped.

"All Ranks" does not include Officers unless specially mentioned.

 

Harness, Saddlery and Packsaddlery

Section 5A.     For detail of sets of harness and saddlery, see the undermentioned columns of Appendix I., E.S.O. Part 1, General.
Harness, pole draught, G.S.  
Wheel  
          Near sets 12   Column V.
          Off sets 12   Column VI.
Lead or centre  
          Near sets 12   Column VII.
          Off sets 12   Column VIII.
Harness, shaft draught  
          In shaft sets 2   Column XIII,
          Near sets  2   Column XIV.
Packsaddlery, G.S. sets 12   4 per squadron (2 for pioneer equipment and 2 for scouts) For detail of sets of packsaddlery, G.S., see E.S.O. Part. 1, General, para. 150, as amended by M.O. 238/10
Cases, Pioneer Equipt., Cavalry, Large  
          Near 3   1 per squadron
          Off 3   1 per squadron
Packsaddlery, M.G.   For details of sets of packsaddlery, M.G., see E.S.O. Part 2, section II., Light Horse, Table 21, as amended by M.O. 195/11
          Ammunition sets 4  
          Gun and tripod 4  
Section 6A.   
Saddlery, Universal sets 23   Column XV., Appendix I, E.S.O. Part 1
Saddlery, Universal sets 470   Column XVI., Appendix I, E.S.O. Part 1. Includes 1 set per officer's spare riding horse.
Section 2A.  
Ropes, head, hemp, with ring 12   1 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery, and 1 per pack horse.
Section 6A.  
Saddlery, Universal  
          Bags, saddle, ammunition pairs 4  
Buckets, signalling, flag  
          Bits, portmouth, reversible 6   1 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery.
          Blankets, saddle 12   1 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery. Includes 1 per pack horse.
          Collars, head 6   1 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery. 
          Heads, bridle, C.P. 6   1 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery only when collars, head, C.P., are issued.
          Reins, bit 6   1 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery.
          Surcingles, leather 6   1 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery.
          Straps, bit attachment 12   2 per horse not equipped with harness or saddlery only when collars, head, Mk. IV., are issued.
   
 
Additional Articles of Saddlery  
 
Section 6A.  
Saddlery, Universal   
Breastpieces 12   4 per squadron
Buckets, rifle, Mark IV. 502   1 per rifle
Cruppers, saddlery  25   For 5 per cent. of saddles
Straps, supporting  
          Front 24   2 per breastpiece
          Rear 12   1 per set of traces, saddlery
          Straps, trace 24   2 per set of traces, saddlery
Traces, saddlery 12   1 per breastpiece
Tugs, trace 24   2 per set of traces, saddlery
 
Stable Necessaries  
 
Section 5A.  
Bags  
          Corn, 8 lb. 563   1 per horse, including attached
          Nose, C.P.  563   1 per horse, including attached
Brushes -  
          Harness, hard 26   1 per double set of harness
          Horse 563   1 per horse, including attached
Rubbers, horse 563   1 per horse, including attached

 

Previous: Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Regimental Transport

Next: Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Signalling and Reconnaissance Equipment

 

Further Reading:

The Australian Light Horse, AIF, Contents

 


Citation: Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Harness, Saddlery and Packsaddlery

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 1 July 2009 10:21 AM EADT
Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 5
Topic: BatzG - Gallipoli

Gallipoli Campaign - 1915

Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 5

 

The Turkish General Staff Answers

 

During 1919, after the defeat of Turkey, a unique opportunity was opened up for CEW Bean to question the members of the Turkish General Staff about the Gallipoli Campaign. Bean presented a list of 111 questions. In June 1919, he received the answers. In the following transcription, the answers given by the Turkish General Staff will be qualified by the questions asked by Bean.

 

Questions 73 - 76.

73. What was the first idea of the Turks as to objects in these attacks?

74. When did they realise our real objectives in this attack?

75. What troops were engaged during our attack on ABDEL RAHMAN BAIR on August 6th?

76. What was considered the main danger to the Turkish positions during these attacks?

 

From the attack at Aghid Dere and the landing at Suvla it was deduced that the main objective of the British was Suvla. The Lone Pine attack accomplished its object well as most of our troops were sent there to reinforce.

On 8th August the Australian attack on Abdul Rahman Bahr was opposed by the:

4th Division, 11th Regiment.
4th Division, 33rd Regiment.
4th Division, 31st Regiment, 1 Battalion.
4th Division, 32nd Regiment, 1 Battalion.

The main danger to the Turkish position was the loss of Abdul Rahman Bahr and consequently the loss of Kojak Chimen.



Questions 77 - 80.

77. What troops were facing the sea from HILL 971 to ANZAC on August 6th?

78. What troops made the final attack when the British were driven back on CHUNUK BAIR on 10th August? What was the plan of this attack?

79. What was the number of troops attacking and what casualties were there?

80. What was the strength of the Turkish force at ANZAC, SUVLA (ANAFARTA) and HELLES, respectively on August 10th?

 

On the 6th August the 14th Regiment was defending the line Kojak Chimen to Ari Burnu. The 2nd Battalion of the 72nd Regiment was holding South of Sazli Dere. Sazli Dere was tree dividing line between these units.

On the 10th August, when the British were driven off Chunuk Bahr, the 23rd and 24th Regiments of the 13th Division and the 56th Regiment of the 13th Division were the attacking troops. (Total strength 5,000 approximately.) The object of the attack was to push the British off Chunuk Bahr and consolidate it, as Chunuk Bahr was considered one of the most important points on the front.

The casualties were not heavy.

On the 10th August, the l9th Division consisting of the 56th, 27th, 18th, and 72nd Regiments (12 Battalions), and the 10th Division consisting of the 125th, 47tn, 48th, and 77th Regiments (12 Battalions) also the 13th, 15th, and 33rd Regiments (9 Battalions) making a total of 33 Battalions, were all at Ari Burnu.

At Anafarta, i.e. from Hill 160 S of Chunuk Bahr to Ege Port, the following troops held the line. The 8th Division consisting of tns 23rd, 24th, and 28th Regiments (8 Battalions); the 4th Division consisting or the 11th, 31st, and 32nd Regiments (9 Battalions); 9th Division consisting of 64th and 25th Regiments (6 Battalions); 7th Division consisting of 20th and 21st Regiments (6 Battalions); 2nd Division consisting of 31st, 35th, and 36th Regiments (12 Battalions), and 11th Division with 127th Regiment, and Broussa Gendarme Battalion (5 Battalions) - a grand total of 47 Battalions.

All these units had had heavy casualties in the previous fighting and were not up to strength.

The fighting strength at Suvla and Ari Burnu was 40,000.

 


Previous: Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 4

Next: Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 6

 

Further Reading:

Gallipoli Campaign

 


Citation: Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 5


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 2 July 2009 11:20 AM EADT
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 6, II Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
Topic: AIF & MEF & EEF

Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916

Part 6,  II Australian and New Zealand Army Corps

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917,  was published in London. Their book included Appendix 2 which specifically detailed the Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916 and is extracted below.

MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), p. 384:

 

II Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.

G.O.C. -

Major-General (temp. Lieut.-General) Sir A. J. Godley, K.C.M.G., C.B.

Brigadier-General, General Staff -

Major (temp. Brig.-General) C. W. Gwynn, C.M.G., D.S.O.

Brigadier-General, Royal Artillery -

Lieut.-Colonel (temp. Brig-General) W. D. Nichol.

Chief Engineer -

Major (temp. Brig.-General) W. B. Lesslie.


Corps Troops.

Signal Service -

No. 24 Airline Section.

"FF" and "NN" Cable Sections.

1st Australian Ammunition Park.

1st Australian Supply Column.

Royal Australian Reserve Naval Bridging Train.

14th Fortress Company, R.E.


 

Previous: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 5, 54th (East Anglian) Division

Next: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 7, 4th Australian Division

 

Further Reading:

AIF & MEF & EEF, Contents 

AIF, MEF and the EEF

 


Citation: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 6, II Australian and New Zealand Army Corps


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 4 July 2009 4:10 PM EADT
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 6, 74th (Yeomanry) Division
Topic: AIF & MEF & EEF

Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917

Part 6,  74th (Yeomanry) Division

 

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917,  was published in London. Their book included Appendix 3 which specifically detailed the Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917 and is extracted below.

MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), pp. 399 - 400:

 

74th (Yeomanry) Division.

G.O.C. -

Brevet Lieut.-Colonel (temp. Major General) E. S. Girdwood.

G.S.O. 1 -

Major (temp. Lieut.-Colonel) P. S. Allan.

C. R. E. -

Major (temp. Lieut.-Colonel) R. P. T. Hawkesley.

 

229th Infantry Brigade.
G.O.C.  -

Colonel (temp. Brig. General) R. Hoare.

 

16th (R. 1st Devon and R. N. Devon Yeo. Bn.) Devonshire Regiment;

12th (W. Somerset Yeo. Bn.) Somerset Light Infantry;

14th (Fife and Forfar Yeo. Bn.) Royal Highlanders;

12th (Ayr and Lanark Yeo. Bn.) Royal Scots Fusiliers;

4th Machine-Gun Company.

 

230th Infantry Brigade.

G.O.C. -

Major (temp. Brig. General) A. J. McNeill.

 

10th (R.E. Kent and W. Kent Yeo. Bn.) East Kent Regiment;

16th (Sussex Yeo. Bn.) Sussex Regiment;

15th (Suffolk Yeo. Bn.) Suffolk Regiment;

12th (Norfolk Yeo. Bn.) Norfolk Regiment;

209th Machine-Gun Company.

 

231st Infantry Brigade.

G.O.C. -

Major (temp. Lieut. Colonel) W. J. Bowker, C.M.G., D.S.O.

 

10th (Shrop. and Chester Yeo. Bn.) Shropshire Light Infantry;

24th (Denbigh Yeo. Bn.) Royal Welch Fusiliers;

24th (Pemb. and Glam. Yeo. Bn.) Welch Regiment;

25th (Montgomery and Welsh Horse Yeo. Bn.) Royal Welch Fusiliers;

210th Machine-Gun Company.

 

Divisional Troops.

Mounted Troops -

Sqdn., 1/2nd County of London Yeomanry.

Engineers -

5th Royal Monmouth Field Company, R.E.

5th Royal Anglesey Field Company, R.E.

Signal Service -

74th Divisional Signal Company.

A.S.C. -

74th Divisional Train.

Medical Units -

229th, 230th and 231st Brigade, Field Ambulances.

Artillery -

The 74th Division had as yet no artillery.

 

 

Previous: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 5, 54th (East Anglian) Division

Next: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 7, Desert Column

 

Further Reading:

AIF & MEF & EEF, Contents 

AIF, MEF and the EEF

 


Citation: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 6, 74th (Yeomanry) Division


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 8 July 2009 10:21 PM EADT
Monday, 15 June 2009
South Australian Mounted Rifles, Brief History
Topic: Militia - LHS - SA

South Australian Mounted Rifles

Brief History

 

Members of the Mt Gambier 1897 Jubilee Contingent

 

The following is a transcription from a brief outline of the South Australian Mounted Rifles history produced in 1959.

 

A CONCISE HISTORY OF THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN MOUNTED RIFLES

Originally raised by Governor GAWLER in February of 1840 as 2 troops of cavalry to provide the mounted troops of the Royal South Australian Volunteer Militia Brigade, this Regiment is believed to be the first volunteer unit raised in Australia.

Even though not financed by the Government from 9 February 1856 until June 1877, the Regiment continued to exist, on a completely voluntary basis - horses, uniforms arms and equipment being provided by each member at his own expense.

In recognition of its having provided guards and escorts for H.H. the Duke of Edinburgh in 1867 the Regiment was dubbed the Duke's Own Cavalry. In June 1877, at the instigation of the Mayor of ADELAIDE the Regiment was reformed and financed by the South Australian Government.

It is interesting to note that in 1899, during the Regiment's Annual Camp, the Commandant General appointed a Cpl de Passy to be officer Commanding, as no officer with military knowledge was available, and later, as a lieutenant
colonel, this same Cpl De Passy again commanded the Regiment in South Africa.

Twenty-five all ranks were selected in 1897 to represent South Australia at Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.

The Regiment sailed for South Africa in 1899 and saw action for the first time at Britstown on 6 Feb 1900 on which day, the first decorations for bravery were won, three troopers each being awarded the DCM. The unit served under Lord Methuen who wrote of them, "they did splendid work and were cheerful in hardships. I cannot conceive any body of men of whom a commander has better reason to be proud."

On its return to Australia in 1902 after Federation, the Commonwealth Government re-organised the South Australian Mounted Rifles as three Regiments of Light Horse the 22nd, 23rd, 24th.

Upon the outbreak of war in 1914, these Regiments were again re-organised as the 3rd and 9th Australian Light Horse Regiments AIF and served on Gallipoli, and through Egypt, Palestine and Syria. It was during thus operations that the 9th Regiment captured the battle standard of a Turkish Regiment which now hangs in the War Museum, CANBERRA. Thus the Regiment has the honour of being the only unit to capture such a Standard during the Great War.

Both Regiments of the South Australian Mounted Rifles returned to Australia in 1919 and continued as Militia units until 1940, when they were formed into an Armoured Car Regiment, and reformed in 1948 into one regiment the 3/9 SAMR, which is now a unit of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps.

For service in the Boer and Great War the regiment was awarded two sets of Guidons one each to the 3rd and 9th Regiment of Light Horse.

Battle Honours:

South African War

South Africa 1899-1902
Great War
Defence of Anzac
Sari Bair
Romani
Maghdaba - Rafa
Gaza - Beersheba
Jaffa
Jerusalem
Jericho
Jordan (Amman)
Megiddo


 

Further Reading:

South Australian Mounted Rifles

 


Citation: South Australian Mounted Rifles, Brief History

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 24 June 2009 1:22 PM EADT

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