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Wednesday, 17 June 2009
Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Regimental Transport
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse Regiments, AIF

Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914

Part 4, Regimental Transport.

 

 

This Table is based on the "War Establishments of the Australian Military Forces, 1912." Provision is made for an Armourer as a Staff Sergeant of the Regiment. No other "Attached" Officers, N.C.O.'s, or Men have been provided for. This latter personnel should come to the Regiment fully equipped.

"All Ranks" does not include Officers unless specially mentioned.

 

Regimental Transport

Section 14.      
Bars, supporting, draught pole, No. 3 (spare) 3   1 For limbered wagons
Poles, draught, No. 17, Mk. III. (spare) 3   1 For limbered wagons
Section 20.  
Jacks, lifting, G.S. 1  
Section 21A.  
Carts  
          Maltese 1   For medical equipment
          Water 1  
Wagons, G.S., for cooks 1  
Wagons, limbered, G.S.  
     For tools and signalling equipment 4   1 for headquarters, and 1 per squadron
     For 2 machine guns, tripods, ammunition, and six sets of packsaddlery, M.G. 4  
     For S.A.A. 3   1 per squadron
Wheels, 2nd class " C," No. 198A . 3   Spare for limbered wagons
Section, 21B.  
Bicycles 15   3 for headquarters, and 4 per squadron
       

 

Previous: Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Pioneer Equipment

Next: Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Harness, Saddlery and Packsaddlery

 

Further Reading:

The Australian Light Horse, AIF, Contents

 


Citation: Regimental Embarkation Equipment Stock List, 1914, Regimental Transport

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 1 July 2009 10:22 AM EADT
Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 4
Topic: BatzG - Gallipoli

Gallipoli Campaign - 1915

Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 4

 

The Turkish General Staff Answers

 

During 1919, after the defeat of Turkey, a unique opportunity was opened up for CEW Bean to question the members of the Turkish General Staff about the Gallipoli Campaign. Bean presented a list of 111 questions. In June 1919, he received the answers. In the following transcription, the answers given by the Turkish General Staff will be qualified by the questions asked by Bean.

 

Questions 45 – 50.

45. What was the situation as viewed from the Turkish standpoint at Ari Burnu after May 19th?

46. What were their tactics in regard to Quinn's Post?

47. Was our bombing severe or negligible? Then? And later?

48. Did our snipers in the trenches or in the scrub gain superiority; and if so, when?

49. What did the Turks think to be the meaning of our cheering and firing demonstrations at night.

50. Were they able to patrol regularly in front of our trenches?

 

After 19th May it was realised that the British defence at Anzac was too strong to enable us to effect anything against it without heavy artillery with plenty of ammunition, and realising that our position was also very strong in defence, two weak divisions were left in the trenches and the other two divisions were withdrawn.

The bombing was severe and caused most casualties in the late afternoon and evening. Anzac snipers were very annoying. Sniping was very effective when the sun was in our faces.

The cheering and firing at night at first caused the idea that an attack was impending but after a while it was realised that it was only a demonstration and was a waste of ammunition.

Regular patrolling was impossible. The small valleys between trenches were patrolled every night but nothing was done when the trenches were very close. At Quinn’s Post both sides used the same tactics. It was thought the Australians were endeavouring, firstly, to improve their tactical positions at that point and, secondly, fighting took place there because the trenches were so close.

The ground was very suitable for mining and bombing. The mining of the Australians was very good. They seemed to make every effort to gain the upper hand. Apparently they were well provided with the necessary machinery and implements.



Questions 53 - 55.

53. What was the Turkish estimate of our sortie at ANZAC on June 4th?

54. Did this demonstration prevent assistance being sent at the time the Turkish forces facing the British attack at CAPE HELLES?

55. How many men did they think were attacking them?

 

The attack on June 4th was not heavy. The Australians took our trenches during June 4/5th and by the morning of June 5th our counter attacks retook then. The strength of the Australians was estimated at 2 Coys. No troops were taken from the Seddulbahr front on account of this attack.



Questions 56 - 57.

56. What estimate was made of our sortie of June 28th?

57. What reserve, if any, was used in meeting this attack?

 

The attack on 26th June was made by day and directed against our left flank. The strength of the attack was estimated at one Brigade, a new force - the dismounted Cavalry Brigade. No reserves were necessary to stop this attack.



Questions 58 - 60.

58. Was any Turkish attack planned between. 19th May and 28th June?

59. What was the reason for the attack by the Turks at the Nek on June 29th?

60. What was the intention and plan?

 

A plan of attack was made to take the "high mounds" on June 28th. It was determined to increase our heavy artillery and artillery preparation. The attack was made on June 29th with the object of taking the "high mounds" and if possible to reach Khan Tepe and thus command the landing place. The Australian demonstration on June 28th forced the attack to be postponed to the 29th.

 

Questions 61 - 72.

61. Did the Turks expect our attack on the 6th August; when were they expecting the attack to be made?

62. Did they observe us landing troops during the first days of August?

63. Had they any information of the attack?

64. Where were they expecting the attack - to the North or South of ANZAC?

65. What was their estimate of the situation?

66. What steps did they take to meet the attack?

67. What troops were facing ANZAC on August 6th before the beginning of attack?

66. What numbers of Turkish troops were at HELLES at this date (August 6th.) and how many at SUVLA (Turkish ANAFARTA)? Total?

69. What reserves were at ARI BURNU during the attack on LONE PINE?

70. What units were brought up and from where?

71. What reserves were brought up during the attack on CHUNUK BAIR?

72. What reserves were moved to SUVLA (Turkish ANAFARTA)?

 

The attack on August 6th was unexpected but it was known that a general attack was being prepared and that a new landing would take place about the beginning of August. The landing was not seen from Anzac but the movements of the ships awoke suspicion. There were two possibilities as to the point of landing and direction of attack:

1. From just N of Anzac or else directly on Anafarta because the activity of the Australian left wing was noticeable.

2. Between Anzac and Seddulbahr because the British had always tried to obtain a decisive result at Seddulbahr.

All preparations were made to meet either eventuality.

Before the attack of 6th August, the 19th and 16th Divisions were in the Anzac trenches. A regiment of the 5th Division was between Aghid Dere and Sajli Dere. A regiment was in Kurt Dere and another was on our left flank S of Kodja Dere. Altogether the total force was 38 battalions. All units were unseasoned soldiers.

The strength of Battalions averaged 500 to 600.

The Anzac reserve consisted of the 13th Regiment or the 5th Division, in position S of Kodja Dere, and the 15th Regiment of the same division in Kurt Dere.

When the attack was made towards Lone Pine, these two regiments were sent to check it, and a battalion of the 19th Division in Divisional reserve was sent to face the attack around Baby 700.

On the morning of August 7th when the attack was made at Chunuk Bahr, the following troops were sent to face the New Zealanders, Indians and British who were advancing between Sajli Dere and Aghid Dere on Chunuk Bahr:

1 Battalion 64th Regiment.
1 Battalion 25th Regiment.
1 Battalion 10th Regiment.
1 Battalion 11th Regiment.

These units formed part of the general reserve of the Peninsula. Afterwards two more battalions were sent from the 28th Regiment, and the 23rd and 24th Regiments were sent from Seddulbahr.

The 7th and 12th Divisions were sent to Suvla from Gallipoli and the 127th Regiment was also sent in the Suvla direction.

 


Previous: Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 3

Next: Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 5

 

Further Reading:

Gallipoli Campaign

 


Citation: Gallipoli Campaign - 1915, Questions to the Turkish General Staff, Part 4


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 2 July 2009 11:20 AM EADT
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 5, 54th (East Anglian) Division
Topic: AIF & MEF & EEF

Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916

Part 5,  54th (East Anglian) Division

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917,  was published in London. Their book included Appendix 2 which specifically detailed the Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916 and is extracted below.

MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), pp. 383 - 384:


54th (East Anglian) Division.

G.O.C. -

Colonel (temp. Major-General) S. W. Hare, C. B.

G.S.O. 1 -

Major (temp. Lieut.-Colonel) E. C. Da Costa.

C.R.A. -

Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) G. W. Biddulph.

C.R.E. -

Major D. Griffiths.

 

161st Infantry Brigade.

G.O.C. -

Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) F. F. W. Daniell.
 
1 /4th Essex Regiment;
1/5th Essex Regiment;
1/6th Essex Regiment;
1/7th Essex Regiment;
161st Brigade Machine-Gun Company.

 

162nd Infantry Brigade.

G.O.C. -

Lieut.-Colonel (temp. Brig.-General) A. Mudge.

 

1/5th Bedford Regiment;

1/4th Northampton Regiment; 1/10th London Regiment;

1/11th London Regiment;

162nd Brigade Machine-Gun Company.

 

163rd Infantry Brigade.

G.O.C. -

Major (Hon. Colonel, temp. Brig. General) T. Ward.

 

1/4th Norfolk Regiment;

1/5th Norfolk Regiment;

1/5th Suffolk Regiment;

1 /8th Hampshire Regiment;

163rd Brigade Machine-Gun Company.



Divisional Troops

Mounted Troops -

1 Sqdn. 1/1st Hertfordshire Yeomanry (with H.Q. and Machine-Gun Section).           


Artillery -

1/1st E. Anglian Brigade, R.F.A.

1/2nd E. Anglian Brigade, R.F.A.

1/3rd E. Anglian Brigade, R.F.A.

1/4th E. Anglian Brigade, R.F.A.

54th Divisional Ammunition Column (1 officer and 35 other ranks).


Engineers -

2/1st E. Anglian Field Company, R.E.

1/2nd E. Anglian Field Company, R.E.

1/1st Kent Field Company, R.E.


Signal Service -

54th Divisional Signal Company.


A.S.C. -

54th Divisional Train (Supply details only).


Medical Units -

2/1st, 1/2nd and 1/3rd E. Anglian Field Ambulances.


Attached -

20th (Indian) Infantry Brigade.       


G.O.C. -

Brig.-General H. D. Watson, C.M.G., C.I.E., M.V O.

 

2/3rd Gurkhas;

58th Rifles;

Alwar Infantry;

Gwalior Infantry.



29th Indian Infantry Brigade.

G.O.C. -

Colonel (temp. Brig.General) P. C. Palin.

 

23rd Pioneers;

57th Rifles;

Patiala Infantry;

No. 10 Co. Q.O. Sappers and Miners;

110, 121 and 135 Indian Field Ambulances;

7th and 26th Mule Corps.

 

 

Previous: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 4, 42nd (East Lancashire) Division

Next: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 6, II Australian and New Zealand Army Corps

 

Further Reading:

AIF & MEF & EEF, Contents 

AIF, MEF and the EEF

 


Citation: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1916, Part 5, 54th (East Anglian) Division


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 4 July 2009 4:12 PM EADT
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 5, 54th (East Anglian) Division
Topic: AIF & MEF & EEF

EEF

Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917

Part 5,  54th (East Anglian) Division

 

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917,  was published in London. Their book included Appendix 3 which specifically detailed the Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917 and is extracted below.

MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), pp. 398 - 399:

 

54th (East Anglian) Division.

General Officer Commanding -
Colonel (temporary Major-General) S. W. Hare, C.B.

General Service Officer Level 1 -

Major (temporary Lieutenant Colonel) A. H. C. Kearsey, D.S.O.

Commander Royal Artillery -

Colonel (temporary Brigadier General) H. G. Sandilands, C.B.

Commander Royal Engineers -

Major (temporary Lieutenant Colonel) A. W. Stokes, M.C.

 

 

161st Infantry Brigade.

General Officer Commanding - Lieutenant Colonel (temporary Brigadier General) W. Marriott-Dodington.

 

1/4th Essex Regiment;

1/5th Essex Regiment;

1/6th Essex Regiment;

1/7th Essex Regiment;

161st Brigade Machine-Gun Company.



162nd Infantry Brigade.

General Officer Commanding - Brevet Lieutenant Colonel (temporary Brigadier General) A. Mudge.

 

1/5th Bedford Regiment;

1/4th North Hampshire Regiment;

1/10th London Regiment;

1/11th London Regiment;

162nd Brigade Machine-Gun Company.

 

163rd Infantry Brigade.

General Officer Commanding - Major (Honorary Colonel, temporary Brigadier General) T. Ward.

 

1/4th Norfolk Regiment;

1/5th Norfolk Regiment;

1/5th Suffolk Regiment;

1/8th Hampshire Regiment;

163rd Brigade Machine-Gun Company.

 

Divisional Troops

Mounted Troops -
1 Squadron. 1/1st Hertfordshire Yeomanry (with Headquarters and Machine-Gun Section).           


Artillery -

270th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery

271st Brigade, Royal Field Artillery

272nd Brigade, Royal Field Artillery

54th Divisional Ammunition Column (1 officer and 35 other ranks).


Engineers -

2/1st East Anglian Field Company, Royal Engineers

1/2nd East Anglian Field Company, Royal Engineers

1/1st Kent Field Company, Royal Engineers


Signal Service -

54th Divisional Signal Company.


Army Service Corps -

54th Divisional Train (Supply details only).


Medical Units -

2/1st, 1/2nd and 1/3rd East Anglian Field Ambulances.

 

 

Previous: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 4, 53rd (Welsh) Division

Next: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 6, 74th (Yeomanry) Division

 

Further Reading:

AIF & MEF & EEF, Contents 

AIF, MEF and the EEF

The British Army

British Forces, EEF, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, April 1917, Part 5, 54th (East Anglian) Division


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 20 March 2011 10:12 PM EADT
Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, October 1917, Part 5, General Headquarters Troops
Topic: AIF & MEF & EEF

Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, October 1917

Part 5,  General Headquarters Troops

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls was commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1930, his finished work, Military Operations Egypt and Palestine from June 1917 to the end of the war, produced in two parts, was published in London. The book included Appendix 2 which specifically detailed the Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, October 1917 and is extracted below. Falls makes the comment that this Order of Battle was not as comprehensive as that produced in the earlier volume.

Falls, C, Military Operations Egypt and Palestine from June 1917 to the end of the war, Part II, London, 1930, Appendix 2 pp. 666:

 

General Headquarters Troops.

Royal Flying Corps, Middle East.

G.O.C. -

Br. General V. S. Brancker.


Palestine Brigade, R.F.C. -

Lieut. Colonel A. E. Borton, D.S.O.

 

5th (Corps Artillery) Wing (Nos. 14 and 113 Sqdns. R.F.C.).

40th (Army) Wing (No. 67 Sqdn. Australian F.C., No. 11 Sqdn. R.F.C.) No. 21

Balloon Coy.


Artillery -

VIII Mountain Brigade R.G.A. (10th and 11th Btys. [3.7-in. hows.]).

IX Mountain Brigade R.G.A. ("A" and " B " [2.75-in.], 12th [3.7-in. hows.] Btys.).


Attached Desert Mounted Corps -

7th Mounted Brigade
Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.


Attached XX Corps -

10th Division.

 

 

PreviousOrder Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, October 1917, Part 4, XXI CORPS

Next: AIF, MEF and the EEF

 

Further Reading:

AIF & MEF & EEF, Contents 

AIF, MEF and the EEF

 


Citation: Order Of Battle of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, October 1917, Part 5, General Headquarters Troops


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 12 July 2009 10:44 AM EADT

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