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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Saturday, 18 July 2009
Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 15 September 1900, page 4
Topic: BatzB - Elands

The Battle of Elands River, 4 August 1900

Report by Major Tunbridge, 15 September 1900, Page 4

 

 Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 15 September 1900, page 4.

 

On 15 September 1900, Major Tunbridge wrote a report of the action at Elands River for the NSW General Staff of which page 4 is transcribed below.

 

(4)

… until 9th August, on which date only a few shells fell, and at long intervals. Over 1,700 shells were counted the first day, and about 480 the second day, but after that it gradually slackened until the afternoon of the 9th when it ceased altogether.

Besides the shell fire, which was from all sides, rifle fire commenced very early on 4th and was kept up day and night for 11 days at distances varying from 300 to nearly 3,000 yards, the riflemen being in every case well protected by natural cover and seldom showing themselves.

The enemy brought up their guns on the North side within 2,100 yards on 5th but were compelled to retire by our volleys, and finally took up position out of range of rifle fire.

The gun we had was only an old 7 pounder muzzle loading screw gun mounted on a 9 pounder carriage ...

 

Previous: Report page 3 

Next: Report page 5 

 

Further Reading:

Elands River

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 15 September 1900, page 4

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 26 July 2009 10:51 PM EADT
The Battle of Palmietfontein, South Africa, 19 July 1900, Outline
Topic: BatzB - Palmietfontein

The Battle of Palmietfontein

South Africa, 19 July 1900

Outline

 

Palmietfontein, an action fought on 19 July 1900 (during the Second South African War) some 7 5 kilometres east of Kroonstad in the Orange Free State, during the first British attempt to hunt down and capture the Boer general, Christiaan de Wet, while he was making north towards the Transvaal with 1,500 men. The engagement took the form of a running fight over about thirteen kilometres, after two British brigades came upon de Wet's supply convoy at 2 p.m. and tried to halt it. While horse artillery in the British centre shelled the last wagons in the enemy column, which extended over five kilometres, the mounted infantry commanded by Brigadier-General G.P. Ridley (which included the New South Wales Mounted Rifles and Army Medical Corps, along with the West Australian Mounted Infantry) continually pressed in against the Boer flanks.

De Wet had assigned a small division of his commando under the noted scout leader, Danie Theron, to protect the convoy, while he travelled about twenty kilometres behind with the bulk of his men to guard its movement. Theron mounted a vigorous defence against the harrying tactics of the British, suffering little damage himself but successfully mauling the West Australians under Major Hatherley Moor. At dusk Theron broke contact and disappeared after the convoy, which by now had made good its escape, and the pursuit was broken off. In the day's fighting the WAMI had five men killed - including Major Moor - and the NSWMR also had three men killed and a number wounded.

 

Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, p. 82.

 

Additional References cited by Chris Coulthard-Clark:

John Stirling (1907) The Colonials in South Africa, 1899-1902, Edinburgh: W. Blackwood & Sons.

R.L. Wallace (1976) The Australians at the Boer War, Canberra: Australian War Memorial & Australian Government Publishing Service.

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of Palmietfontein, South Africa, 19 July 1900

The Battle of Palmietfontein, South Africa, 19 July 1900, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle of Palmietfontein, South Africa, 19 July 1900, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 19 July 2010 9:50 AM EADT
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Wood
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Roles within the Regiment

Wood

 

The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.

 

Wood

 

The principal fuel used in the field is wood. It will at times be found necessary to use peat or turf, which has been before alluded to, cow or horse dung; this should be mixed well with any rubbish, grass, leaves, etc., and formed into convenient pieces for use in the trenches, and placed in the sun to dry, This is the principal fuel of the poorer classes in warm climates. On the river Nile the banks may be seen lined with this description of fuel drying in the sun. Fir cones and dried furse bushes are excellent for kindling purposes. In using wood it is necessary to cut it into short pieces, and split it lengthways, or otherwise it would become charred and retain its heat. The daily allowance of wood at home is 3 lb., on active service 2 lb.

 

 

Previous: Kitchen

Next: Recipes for Field Cooking - Preserved Meat

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Wood

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 2 September 2009 9:48 AM EADT
The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia, York Infantry Volunteers
Topic: Militia - LHW - WA

Western Australian Militia

York Infantry Volunteers

 

The following is an extract from the book written in 1962 by George F. Wieck called The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia 1861-1903, p. 54:

 
York Infantry Volunteers
Seven years elapsed after the disbandment of the York Rifle Volunteers before another effort was made. Approval to raise the York Infantry Volunteers appeared in the Gazette dated 11 October 1893. The authorized Establishment was 70 all ranks and Captain F. A. Hare was appointed to Command.

In 1894 the strength of the corps was 102, then for no apparent reason it receded to 72 in 1895 (perhaps there was a direction to keep within the Establishment).

There is nothing on record concerning corps activities. For some undisclosed reason the designation was changed on 20 February 1899 to "York Infantry"; there was no break in continuity of service, the York Infantry Volunteers as such simply disappeared. See: York Infantry.



Officers of York Infantry Volunteers

Captain FA Hare, 23 November 1893

Lieutenant AJ Monger, 23 November 1893

Lieutenant TH Thorn, 23 November 1893

Second Lieutenant SV Duncan, 14 October 1895

Second Lieutenant SB Davis, 24 April 1896

Second Lieutenant S Sweeney, 24 April 1896

Second Lieutenant J Davidson, 24 March 1897

Captain WD Cowan, 20 August 1898

 

 

Previous:  Bunbury Rifle Volunteers 

Next: Perth Mounted Rifle Volunteers 

 

Further Reading:

Western Australian Militia, Light Horse

Western Australian Militia, Infantry

 


Citation: The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia, York Infantry Volunteers

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 4 September 2009 9:19 PM EADT
Friday, 17 July 2009
Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 15 September 1900, page 5
Topic: BatzB - Elands

The Battle of Elands River, 4 August 1900

Report by Major Tunbridge, 15 September 1900, Page 5

 

 Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 15 September 1900, page 5.

 

On 15 September 1900, Major Tunbridge wrote a report of the action at Elands River for the NSW General Staff of which page 5 is transcribed below.


(5)

… carriage, and we only had 100 rounds in all. The gun was constantly getting jammed and I had to take it to pieces four times, and finally filed the gas checks on the shells, which had become blurred up. The cartridges were black powder. The .303 Maxim also continually jammed with the ammunition served to them. Captain Hockings informed me of this and asked if I could allow our ammunition to be used, which I did. The elevation had to be increased about 200 yards and after this the gun worked excellently. The .450 Maxim with Captain Butters also jammed once or twice but was got to work well afterwards - this also had black powder.

The garrison as a whole behaved splendidly and Colonel Hore told me I could not speak too highly of them.

 

Previous: Report page 4

Next: Report page 6 

 

Further Reading:

Elands River

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 15 September 1900, page 5

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 26 July 2009 11:36 PM EADT

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