"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.
Surafend, the massacre, Palestine, 10 December 1918, Thompson Account Topic: BatzP - Surafend
Surafend, the massacre
Palestine, 10 December 1918
Captain Francis Clarke Thompson's account of his actions
The following account of the Captain Francis Clarke Thompson, 2nd LHFA:
To the best of my knowledge none of the men of the 2nd Brigade Field Ambulance were absent from camp on that night between the hours of 1930 and 2115. During the time the village was burning. I overheard several men say they would not go near the scene as it would only lead to trouble.
Later on when in the village on ambulance work I neither saw, on the way over, or while there, any man belonging to this Brigade.
Question: What were the hours of your arrival at and departure from the village.
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Troop Cooks Topic: AIF - Lighthorse
Australian Light Horse
Roles within the Regiment
The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.
(1.) The cooks are entirely under the orders of the Quartermaster.
(2.) They are each responsible for the cleanliness of the field kitchen, and all cooks should be clean in their dress and person.
(3.) They will lay out the cooking utensils daily for the inspection of the orderly officer.
(4.) They will receive the rations for their respective troops, and cut up the meat, and divide it into messes, according to ration indent.
(5.) They will be responsible that no dogs are kept in the vicinity of the cooling places.
(6.) They will be responsible that the messes are properly cooked, and ready for distribution at the appointed hours laid down in orders, that the cooking is varied, that no food or fuel is taken away from the field kitchens for improper purposes, and that there is no waste of them or water.
(7.) They are responsible that all refuse from the field kitchen, stale bread, bones, etc., are collected from the tents and disposed of as directed by the Quartermaster.
(8.) When the regiment is likely to return late from a field day they will ascertain from the Quartermaster-Sergeant before the regiment leaves when dinners are to be ready.
(9.) They will require to have coffee ready for the guard at night.
(10.) Every field cook should be a good manager, and equal to every emergency and weather.
The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia, Albany Defence Rifles Topic: Militia - LHW - WA
Western Australian Militia
Albany Defence Rifles
The following is an extract from the book written in 1962 by George F. Wieck called The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia 1861-1903, pp. 49 - 50:
Albany Defence Rifles
Only five weeks or so had elapsed after the disbandment of the Albany Rifle Volunteers when the Governor gave approval to raise a new corps designated the "Albany Defence Rifles", with an Establishment of 80 all ranks. The Gazette (dated 6 May 1885) also notified the appointment of Dr C. Rogers as Captain Commanding.
In 1885 the strength of the corps was 73 all ranks but wastage was rapid, the total in 1887 being only 58. Evidently there were difficulties as regards officers for towards the end of 1887 Captain LV de Hamel (3rd Volunteer Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers) was appointed to act in temporary command. Changes were contemplated.
Captain LV de Hamel was appointed to command the Plantagenet Rifles (non-existent at that time) as from 14 March 1888. Meanwhile, members of the Albany Defence Riffles had been ordered to return their rifles and equipment to store.
Government Gazette dated 2 May 1888 decreed that "the Albany Defence Rifles” would henceforth bear the name of the Plantagenet Rifles, the former being hereby disbanded". The existing corps being disbanded and its name changed in the same breath!
An extraordinary way to effect the change. For all practical purposes the Albany Defence Rifles ceased to exist on 14 March 1888. Reasons for the change are not recorded.
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