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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Friday, 7 August 2009
The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915, Roll of Honour, Australian, British and Turkish
Topic: BatzG - Nek

 
The Nek

Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

Roll of Honour

Australian, British and Turkish Soldiers

 

The Nek Memorial, Gallipoli.

[Photo by Jll.]

 

Three nations participated in the charge at the Nek on that early morning of 7 August 1915, and so those who died, deserve recognition. This list is as comprehensive as possible. It contains the names of the men who died as a consequence of that action at the Nek, either on the day or subsequently from wounds. The roll is based upon an extensive search of Australian, British and Turkish records. Much to my regret British and Turkish records do not contain the level of information available to Australian records and thus can only be included where possible to identify the individual.

We have an obligation to see the commonality of suffering experienced by all men that day, all the sons who lay in the soil. The following list aims to fulfil that aspiration by placing on equal footing all who died during that terrible slaughter at the Nek.

This is a historic document which acknowledges the common sacrifice of the Australians along with the British and the Ottoman Turks, all of whom gave their lives at the Nek.

 

They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

 

Roll of Honour

 

A

678 Private Frank Leigh A'BECKETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

755 Private James Valentine AIREY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

682 Private Rollo Charles Stacpole ALBAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

756 Private Robert Osborne ALEXANDER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
490 Private Ali Osman son of MEHMET, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
607 Private Patrick Joseph AMOR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

801 Private Arthur Andreas ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

544 Private George John Stewart ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

235 Lance Corporal James Alfred ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

778 Private James ANDERSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Leo William Hall ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

101 Private William Fleming ANDERSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

608 Private William Stowwell ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

876 Private Stephen ARBUTHNOT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

B

364 Sergeant Duncan Farquhar Grant BAIN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

208 Private John Henry BAKER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

103 Private Harold BARRACLOUGH, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

881 Private Walter Ernest BARTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

806 Private Percy Hamlin BECKETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

527 Private Robert BEILBY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

878 Private James Alexander BELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

601 Private Charles BENSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

234 Corporal Alexander Douglas BETHUNE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

372 Private William BLAKE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

338 Private Victor Eric BLAKENEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

805 Private Douglas BODDY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

46 Sergeant Henry BOHLSEN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Keith BORTHWICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

209 Lance Corporal John BOSWELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

934 Private Horace BOWER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

880 Private Richard BOWERING, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

233 Corporal Alwynne Stanley BOWKER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

709 Private Edgar Vernon BRADY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

69 Private Hubert Howden BROCKMAN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11882 Private Thomas BROSTER, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

244 Private Thomas BUCKINGHAM, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

379 Private Frederick John BUNCE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

165 Lance Corporal Thomas Francis BURGES, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

342 Driver William BURKE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

712 Private Albert James BUTLER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

C

311 Private Morton Alfred CAKEBREAD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

937 Private James Percival CAMERON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

300 Sergeant Major Colin Henry CAMERON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
605 Private James Pullar CAMERON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

853 Private James CARNEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

59 Private Alfred Ernest CARPENTER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Charles CARTHEW, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

129 Lance Corporal Alfred CAVANAGH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

2152 Private Arthur CHAMBERLAIN, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

860 Private Henry Thomas CHIPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

97 Lance Corporal Lindsay Lewis Sterling CHIPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

68 Private Ross Richard Vivian CHIPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

281 Private Henry Norman CLAYTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

776 Private Thomas George COATES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

142 Private Albert George COBB, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

156 Private Dyson Frederick COLE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

155 Private Lionel William COLE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

787 Private Herbert Alfred COLLINS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

93 Private Tom COMBLEY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

689 Private Walter COMBS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

115 Sergeant John Leslie CONNOR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

151 Private John CONSIDINE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

240 Private James CONWAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

12516 Private Francis James COOMBS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

70 Corporal Henry Lennox COWELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

534 Private Colin Hearden CRAMOND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

58 Driver Alexander George CUMMING, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

139 Private Richard Edward CUMMING, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

884 Corporal Hubert Roulstone Clifford CURRIE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

D

Lieutenant Charles Coning DALE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

718 Private Rowland [Ronald] Dudley DAVIS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
791 Private George Ernest DE MOLE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
539 Private Reginald Garry DEMPSTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

694 Private Percy George DEWHURST, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

89 Private Oliver Ernest DONALDSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

166 Private Amos Leonard DOUST, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

781 Private William DOW, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

542 Private Frank Napier DREW, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

690 Private Alfred DRISCOLL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

693 Private Thomas Alfred DUDDERIDGE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

662 Private James DUFFY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
394 Corporal Denis DU VAL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

692 Private Thomas Leo DWYER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

84 Private Norman Charles DYER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

E

817 Private Stanley EDMISTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

618 Private Wallace ESSAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

1804 Private William Williamson EUSTACE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

368 Private Albert Lacey EVANS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

369 Private Alexander George EVANS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

889 Private Herbert Ernest EYERS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

153 Private John Charles EYRE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

F

109 Sergeant Basil Middleton FENWICK, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

212 Private Lawrence Gerald FINN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

521 Private Jack FLUX, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

821 Private Benjamin FORBES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

403 Corporal Richard Andrew FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

265 Sergeant Thomas Charles FORDE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

158 Private Arthur William FYFFE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

G

245 Private William Henry GALE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

526 Private Alexander GANNAWAY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

824 Private Edward GIBBS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

160 Private Frederick Gilbert GIPPS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

893 Corporal Hugh Garfield GORDON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

286 Private Ernest Samuel GOULDEN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

287 Private John George Letcher GOYNE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

768 Private Hugh GRACE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

894 Private Gerald Lawrence GRAHAM, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

929 Private Geoffrey Treacher GRANT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant George Muir GRANT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

559 Private Charles GREAVES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

381 Sergeant Clifton Riversdale GRENFELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

698 Private Louis Gerald GRIFFIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

167 Private Alfred Henry GRIFFITHS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

621 Private Mansell David GRIFFITHS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

H

728 Private William HAHN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

346 Private Halil son of ÖMER, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
760 Private Frederick George HALL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
828 Private Arthur HANCOCK, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11884 Private John Charles HARDING, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

12376 Private George HARNEY, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

113 Private Gresley HARPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

114 Private Wilfred Lukin HARPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

250 Private Reginald Desmond HARRIS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

361 Squadron Sergeant Major William Edward HARVEY, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

112 Private Oscar Donald Humfray HASSELL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

896 Private James HASTINGS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

168 Private John HAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Thomas James HELLER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

541 Private Edward Percival HENDY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Edward Ellis HENTY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

19746 Private Alfred HICKINBOTHAM, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

247 Private Bertie HILL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

283 Private Henry George HILL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

292 Private Henry HILL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

213 Private William Arthur HIND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

200 Corporal Russell George HINDHAUGH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

314 Private Carl HOLMBERG, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

623 Private George Reuben HOPE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

897 Private Harry HOSKINS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Thomas Spencer HOWARD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

96 Private Geoffrey Castell HOWELL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

803 Private Raymond HOWELL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

201 Lance Corporal George Thomas HUGHES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

13175 Private Richard John HUGHES, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

 

I

787 Private Ismail son of MUSTAFA, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

J

Lieutenant David Alexander JACKSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

742 Private Samuel JAMES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

229 Private Douglas JAMIESON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

217 Private Donald Mathieson McGregor JOHNSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

316 Lance Corporal John Joshua JOLLY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

828 Private Arthur JONES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

394 Private Thomas JONES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

K

130 Private Charles KELLY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

547 Private Frank Winterburn KEMP, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

400 Private Robert KERR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

703 Private Edward Richard KILPATRICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

831 Private Martin Frederick KING, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

83 Private Allan Bruce KINNAIRD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

141 Private Frederick William KIRSCH, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

150 Private Louis Alfred KLOPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

251 Private Archibald Roland KNIGHT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

L

33 Private William Henry LAILEY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

898 Private William LANG, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

762 Private Michael Edward LARKIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

2242 Private William LEE, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

834 Private Ralph Vivian Worthington LEES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

133 Private Hugh LENNON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

120 Private John Percival LEWIS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Walter LLOYD, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

132 Private Thomas LONGMORE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

116 Private Dudley LUKIN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

M

906 Private Charles Russell MacNALLY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Second Lieutenant Cyril Godfrey MARSH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

255 Private Robert MARTIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

307 Private William Henry MASON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

903 Private Oscar John MATTHIES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

170 Sergeant Ernest McALIECE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

744 Private Herbert McCARTHY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

450 Lance Corporal Alfred John McCLUSKY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

263 Private Samuel Jeremiah McCOLL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

177 Private William McELHINNEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

123 Private John Blacklock McJANNET, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

813 Private William Cuthbert McKENZIE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

962 Private Donald Shapley McLEAN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Robert Thompson McMASTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

735 Private Henry George McNEILL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

125 Private Gordon McRAE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
2966 Private Mehmet son of HAMDI, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
178 Private Mehmet son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
179 Private Mehmet son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
2966 Private Mehmet son of HAMDI, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
Lieutenant Colonel Albert MIELL, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

254 Private Robert Reid MITCHELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

414 Private William MITCHELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

138 Sergeant Reginald Johnstone MOORE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

542 Private Archibald Hubert MORETON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11895 Private Randall Foulkes MORRIS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

663 Private Patrick MORRISSEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

138 Private James Edgar MOYSEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

766 Private Thomas Richard MURRAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
1571 Private Mustafa son of HÜSEYIN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

2776 Private Mustafa son of HÜSEYIN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
1457 Private Mustafa son of MEHMET, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

N

142 Private Walter Edwards NEWTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

325 Private Archibald NICOLSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

80 Private William Reginald Eustace NORTHEY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

O

554 Private Bernard Lindsay O'MULLANE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

432 Sergeant Sydney John O'NEILL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

264 Private George Booth ORMEROD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
2235 Private Osman son of MEHMET, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

P

41 Sergeant Ebden Harcourt Roger PALMER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

702 Private John PALMER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

910 Private Raymond Walter PATTERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

327 Private Frederick PAYNE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

741 Private Leonard Parker PAYNE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

325 Private Arthur Albert PEARSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

966 Private Ernest PENNY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

232 Sergeant James Burnett PICKETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Vernon Frederick PIESSE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

327 Private Arthur Thomas PITTS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

413 Private Ernest POLLITT, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

631 Private Herbert POPE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

746 Private Allan PREECE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

482 Lance Corporal Godfrey Liddle PURVES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

R

331 Private Alexander RAE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

231 Sergeant Frank Albert RAWLINGS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

198 Sergeant Victor Norman RAYMOND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Major Thomas Harold REDFORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

82 Private George Wallace RICHARDSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

42 Sergeant Henry George ROBERTS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

333 Private Charles Archibald ROBINSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

715 Private Frederick RODERICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

12785 Lance Corporal Douglas ROGERS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

Second Lieutenant Leopold James Cecil ROSKAMS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

130 Private William Allardyce ROSS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Andrew Percival ROWAN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

152 Private Harold RUSH, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

S

891 Private George Frederick Henry SANDY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

226 Sergeant John Andrew SCOTT, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

62 Lance Corporal George Southwell SEAGER, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

182 Lance Corporal John Alexander SHAW, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

913 Private Ernest Lloyd SHEARSMITH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

453 Private Herbert Steven SHELDON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

157 Corporal Clarence SHEPHERD, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

1728 Private George SIDEBOTHAM, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

131 Private Fred SINKER, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

746 Private Frederick Joseph SMITH, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

12684 Private William John SMITH, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

147 Private William John SNUDDEN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

722 Private Reuben Edward SOMERVILLE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

212 Squadron Sergeant Major John SPRINGALL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
750 Private Abraham Joseph STANFORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
857 Private Herbert Edward STANLEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

919 Private George STENZEL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

643 Private James Alexander STEWART, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
1233 Private Süleyman son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk 
296 Private Charles Tyler SUTHERLAND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

898 Private Clarence Edward SUTTON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

451 Private Patrick Joseph SWEENEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

T

858 Private Nicholas TACKABERRY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

75 Private Stanley TAYLOR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

304 Lance Corporal Arthur Norman TETLEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

184 Private James Gordon Ford THOMPSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

821 Corporal Thomas THOMPSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

902 Private Owen Stanley TIMMS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

923 Private William TOLEMAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

551 Private William TOSH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

752 Private Angus Duncan TREWIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Second Lieutenant Alexander Phipps TURNBULL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

V

748 Private Leyshon VILLIS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

W

850 Private Reginald WALLACE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

22 Private Claude Hallastone WALSH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

150 Private Victor Kenneth WALTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

298 Lance Corporal John Fortescue WEATHERHEAD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

784 Private William Bradley WELCH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

357 Private Frederick Harold WESTON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Henry WHITE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

143 Private Edwin James WHITE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Second Lieutenant Henry Eric WHITEHEAD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

71 Private James Thomas WILKERSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

532 Private Roy WILLAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

261 Private Alfred Spedding WILLIAMS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11910 Sergeant William Batting WILLIAMS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

475 Driver Richard WILLIAMSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Eliot Gratton WILSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

29 Lance Corporal James Joseph Reginald WILSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

225 Private Charles Melbourne WINGROVE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

333 Private John Wylie WINNETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Cecil Talbot WOODS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
 
Y
1060 Private Yakup son of HÜSEYIN, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

After all the rancour died down, in an effort to promote reconcilliation, in 1934 Atatürk wrote:

Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives... You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side now here in this country of ours... you, the mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land. They have become our sons as well.

The words are immortalised upon a wall specially constructed to preserve this sentiment.

 

Attaturk Memorial at Anzac Cove

 

 Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

Gallipoli Campaign

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915, Roll of Honour, Australian, British and Turkish


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 7 August 2011 9:26 AM EADT
The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia, Union Troop of W.A. Mounted Volunteers
Topic: Militia - LHW - WA

Western Australian Militia

Union Troop of W.A. Mounted Volunteers

 

The following is an extract from the book written in 1962 by George F. Wieck called The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia 1861-1903, pp. 32 – 33:

 
Union Troop of W.A. Mounted Volunteers

The Government Gazette of 19.7.1870 authorised the formation of a mounted corps in Perth to be designated the "Union Troop of Western Australian Mounted Volunteers", Lieut. de Lisle was appointed to command. The initial strength was three officers and 33 other ranks and this was easily maintained. The uniform adopted is stated to have been of Hussar type but this cannot be verified.

The frequency with which this corps was called upon to provide escorts for the Governor on official occasions suggests this as the chief reason for raising it. It appears to have performed its duties very efficiently.

Lieut. de Lisle resigned command and returned to England in 1872: he was succeeded by Capt. H. W. J. A. Blundell, an officer of British Royal Horse Artillery and an A.D.C. to the Governor.

On a date which may conveniently and satisfactorily be stated as 1.7.1872, the corps ceased to be Cavalry and was officially designated the "W.A. Troop of Volunteer Horse Artillery."



Officers of Union Troop of W.A. Mounted Volunteers

Lieutenant F de Lisle – 19 July 1870

Lieutenant CC Fauntleroy – 28 September 1870

Captain HWJA Blundell – 26 June 1872

Surgeon Dr T Hora - 28 September 1870

 

Previous:  Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers, Nominal Roll, 1868

Next: Perth Company of W.A. Rifle Volunteers

 

Further Reading:

Western Australian Militia, Light Horse

Western Australian Militia, Infantry

 


Citation: The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia, Union Troop of W.A. Mounted Volunteers

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 14 August 2009 6:10 PM EADT
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Sentries Challenging
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Roles within the Regiment

Sentries Challenging

 

The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.

 

Sentries Challenging

 

(1.) When it gets dark the sentries will challenge in the following manner:

On the approach of any person the sentry will bring his carbine to the "Ready" position, and call out in a sharp tone "Halt: who comes there?" If the person approaching gives a satisfactory reply, the sentry will say, "Pass friend: All's well," remaining at the "Ready" till he has passed.

(2.) If the person approaching answers "Grand (or visiting) rounds," when there is no countersign, the sentry will say, "Pass grand (or visiting) rounds: All's well," shouldering his arm at the same time and presenting as they pass if they are grand rounds; but when there is a countersign, he will say, "Stand grand (or visiting) rounds; Advance one and give the countersign," still remaining at the "Ready"; in this position he will receive the countersign, and if it is correct will say, "Pass grand (or visiting) rounds," and proceed as above described.

(3.) If the sentry is on or near the guard-tent door, he will proceed as described under the topic: Guards Turning Out 

 

 

Previous: Sentries Paying Compliments 

Next: Instruction of Recruits as Sentries

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Sentries Challenging

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 2 September 2009 11:18 AM EADT
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Falls Account, The Turkish Attack on The 4th August
Topic: BatzS - Romani

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Falls Account, The Turkish Attack on The 4th August

 

The Battle of Romani, 4-6 August 1916

[Click on map for larger version]

[From: Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, Sketch 10 facing p. 178.]

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917,  was published in London. Their book included a section specifically related to the battle of Romani and is extracted below.

MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), pp. 190 - 194:

 

Part 3. The Turkish Attack on The 4th August.

The Turks were fully prepared to play the role allotted to them by the British command. The account given by Kress of his plan of attack shows that it was exactly what had been anticipated. He intended to bombard the line of redoubts with his heavy artillery but to employ only weak infantry detachments against them. His main attack was to be launched against the British right and rear.

The night of the 3rd August was mild and still. There was a slight haze, but the shimmer of the sand made it possible to distinguish objects moving at a hundred yards' distance. A shot or two fired out in the desert to the southeast had put the long piquet line of the 1st and 2nd A.L.H. thoroughly on the alert, but it was almost midnight when a post reported a large body of men to its front. It afterwards became known that the enemy had followed the 2nd L.H. Brigade in its usual evening retirement from before Qatiya, hoping to pass round the flank of the British position on its heels. The regularity of the Australians' method of patrolling exposed them to a risk of this sort.

As soon as he was assured of the Turkish advance, Lieut.-Colonel J. B. Meredith, commanding the 1st L.H. Brigade, called up his third regiment. Finding the gullies held, the enemy came to a standstill, and there was silence for an hour. Then a sudden heavy fire burst out along the whole front, and, making their way forward in considerably superior strength, the Turks were by 2 a.m. in many places within fifty yards of the Australian line.

The squadrons on the left near Katib Gannit were hard pressed, but it was against Mount Meredith, a high dune in the centre, that the full weight of the attack developed. At 2.30 the Turks charged the hillock with loud shouts. Their masses, visible against the silver sheen of the sand, offered excellent targets to magazine fire and their first assault was beaten back with heavy loss, the fallen rolling down the steep slope. But steady pressure on its flanks speedily rendered the hill untenable, and at 3 a.m. it was abandoned. The squadron to the right of it was now taken in flank and suffered considerable loss, but was ordered to hold its ground until the position in rear was occupied. At 3.30 all the Australians immediately south of the hill, having been forced back upon their led horses, succeeded in mounting, disengaging themselves, and falling back to the second position. The Turks followed up swiftly and a machine gun on Mount Meredith swept the Australian lines.

Day broke, revealing to the enemy how slenderly the position was held and to the Australians that their right was outflanked by strong forces. The second position was therefore abandoned, and the brigade withdrew slowly to Wellington Ridge, troop covering troop, and by steady and accurate fire staving off a general attack with the bayonet, which might have meant the annihilation of the defence. The enemy now opened artillery fire upon the infantry defences and the camps in rear. The shrapnel caused some loss, but the high explosive shell was smothered in the soft sand.

At 4.30 a.m. Colonel J. R. Royston's 2nd L.H. Brigade came up from Etmaler. After its return from reconnaissance, it had almost immediately been ordered to turn out in readiness to support the 1st Brigade. General Chauvel, however, relying on the latter's steadiness, [It was General Chauvel's old brigade, which he had commanded at Gallipoli.] had refused to allow the 2nd Brigade to be committed to the fight until daylight had disclosed the general situation. He now ordered two of its regiments to move up on Colonel Meredith's right. Despite the reinforcement, the enemy's pressure continued and his advance up the valley between Wellington Ridge and Mount Royston, a dune about the same height as Katib Gannit and Mount Meredith, and 24 miles west of Wellington Ridge, continually forced back the right. Between 5 and 6 a.m. the light horsemen were compelled to retire slowly from the ridge, though the 6th and 7th A.L.H. still held the western edge. Finally, at 6.15, Colonel Meredith was ordered to withdraw his brigade behind the line occupied by the 7th A.L.H. to a position north of Etmaler camp. At 7 a.m. the 6th and 7th A.L.H. retired squadron by squadron from the remainder of Wellington Ridge. The enemy did not appear on the crest until an hour later, but then poured a heavy fire into the camp, only a few hundred yards away. The fire of the Ayr and Leicester Batteries, however, quickly drove him off it, and the immediate danger was averted.

The situation was now somewhat threatening, for the enemy's outflanking movement was steadily progressing, pushing along the slopes of Mount Royston and turning the right of the 2nd L.H. Brigade. Its third regiment, the Wellington M.R., had meanwhile been thrown in. Major C. E. Turner, commanding "D" squadron of the Gloucester Hussars at Pelusium Station, saw in the distance infantry moving about Mount Royston. He had had no report as to the situation, but at once marched his squadron towards the advancing enemy. His prompt action checked the outflanking movement, which made no further progress during the next two hours. Ugly as the aspect of the battle appeared, the enemy had already virtually failed in his bold attempt. His programme had been upset by the resistance of the two light horse brigades, his troops were fatigued and having drunk the water in their water-bottles, had now to face the growing heat without any.

Meanwhile, frontal attacks had been made on the main defences, but without ever causing anxiety to Major-General W. E. B. Smith, commanding the 52nd Division. At 8 a.m. extended lines of infantry advanced against Work 4. It was evidently the enemy's intention, though his attack was mainly for the purpose of holding the British infantry to their ground, to overwhelm Works 4 and 5 with heavy artillery fire and thus make a breach for an infantry attack. The shelling was heavy and accurate, [At the day's end it was found that 108 shells had fallen inside Work 4 and 61 within the perimeter of its wire defences; 89 shells in Work 5 and 43 within its perimeter.] but the Turkish attack broke down completely 150 yards from Work 4 under the fire of the divisional cyclist company and of the supporting artillery. Subsequent attempts to advance were less resolute.

Headquarters No. 3 Section, at Qantara, had already begun to put in train the movement against the Turkish left. At 5.35 a.m. General Lawrence ordered the 5th Mounted Brigade at Hill 70 to move towards Mount Royston. The Composite Regiment at once moved off and the remainder of the brigade prepared to follow. Then, as the situation became clearer, at 7.25, General Lawrence ordered the N.Z.M.R. Brigade to advance on Mount Royston via Dueidar, picking up its outlying regiment (the Auckland) at that point, and to "operate vigorously so as to cut off the enemy, who appears to have got round the right of the A. & N.Z. Mounted Division." The 3rd L.H. Brigade at Ballybunion was ordered to move forward to Hill 70 and send one regiment to Dueidar. G.H.Q. at the same time ordered the Mobile Column to march on Mageibra.

While the mounted troops were advancing the fight became almost stationary on the front of the A. & N.Z. Mounted Division. At 10 a.m. it faced south from a point 700 yards north-west of Work 22, north of Wellington Ridge, to the sand-hills north of Mount Royston. As the line had fallen back, the 2nd and 3rd Regiments had come in between the 6th and 7th, and the order from right to left was now 6th A.L.H., 3rd A.L.H., 2nd A.L.H., 7th A.L.H., Wellington M.R. A mile N.N.W. of Mount Royston " D " Squadron, Gloucester Hussars, held its ground. The Composite Regiment, 5th Mounted Brigade, arriving in advance of the rest of the brigade, came up very opportunely on the flank of this squadron, to a position 1,500 yards west of Mount Royston, taking in enfilade a strong body of Turks attacking " D " Squadron and forcing them back to the higher slopes of the hill.

At 10 a.m. General Chauvel, who knew that the N.Z.M.R. Brigade was on its way, but had as yet seen no signs of its advance, sent a staff officer to Br.-General E. S. Girdwood, commanding the 156th Brigade, in reserve, proposing that the latter should move up his fresh infantry to relieve the 1st and 2nd L.H. Brigades, whereupon the Australians, after watering their horses, would swing round the enemy's left flank and co-operate with the New Zealanders and 5th Mounted Brigade in enveloping it. General Girdwood replied, however, that it was the intention of Major-General Smith to make an attack eastward when the moment seemed favourable and that he himself was in reserve for that operation.

The orders received by the N.Z.M.R. Brigade were to move on Dueidar and operate against the enemy's flank. When these orders were issued Mount Royston was not in the enemy's hands, and the situation was different when the brigade approached Dueidar. The enemy's line had now swung round until it faced north, and a dune known as Canterbury Hill, east of Pelusium Station, was the last defensible position between it and the railway. A mile short of Dueidar Br.-General Chaytor received orders to move north to Canterbury Hill. He reached it about 11.30 a.m. and found the Composite Yeomanry Regiment in action against the Turks on Mount Royston. He was still without the 5th A.L.H., which had not received orders of recall and remained out on the Turkish left. Seeing 2,000 of the enemy entrenching on Mount Royston, General Chaytor swung right to attack that position. About the same time the 127th Brigade of the 42nd Division, sent up by rail, began detraining at Pelusium Station.

General Chauvel's brigades first found touch with the advancing New Zealanders by heliograph, and then Colonel Royston galloped across and explained the situation. General Chaytor decided to move up between the right of the Australians and the Yeomanry (which was shortly afterwards joined by the remainder of the 5th Mounted Brigade under Br.-General Wiggin) and attack Mount Royston.

Supported by the Somerset Battery, the two New Zealand regiments began an advance upon the hill about 2 p.m. But, moving dismounted over heavy sand, exposed to the fire of an almost invisible enemy, their progress was very slow. At 4 p.m. General Chaytor arranged with General Wiggin to push home the attack an hour later. Lieut. Colonel R. M. Yorke led one squadron Gloucester Hussars and two troops Worcester Yeomanry at a gallop against the southern spur of Mount Royston and took it, the enemy on the crest not awaiting the onset. Down below large numbers of the enemy were concentrated about a battery of pack guns in action. The teams were shot down by the Gloucester squadron on the crest, and numbers of Turks came running up the ridge, holding their hands up. By 6 p.m. the whole position was taken by the New Zealanders and Yeomanry, who were supported in the final stages of the attack by the leading battalions of the 127th Brigade. Five hundred prisoners and two machine guns in addition to the pack battery were taken, and the outer flank of the enemy's force was completely routed.


Just before the recapture of Mount Royston the enemy on the inner flank had made a last effort to advance across Wellington Ridge, but was driven back by artillery fire. Fresh frontal attacks were also launched upon the main defences, which can have had no other object than of preventing a British advance while the Turkish heavy guns were withdrawn. They broke down completely, the enemy apparently suffering considerable loss.

At 5.5 p.m. Major-General Smith had ordered the 156th Brigade to attack Wellington Ridge on the left of the A. & N.Z. Mounted Division and in conformity with the counterattack upon Mount Royston. A bombardment of the ridge was begun by the artillery at 6.45 and just before 7 p.m. the 7th and 8th Scottish Rifles moved south from behind Work 93. But it was now becoming dark, and on the rough ground direction was hard to keep. The 8/Scottish Rifles advanced to within a hundred yards of the crest of Wellington Ridge, but was there held up by heavy rifle fire. Br.-General Girdwood ordered the two battalions to advance no further until daylight, but to keep the enemy closely engaged all night, as it appeared to him that by such tactics he might hope to make a larger haul of prisoners in the morning than if the enemy were dislodged and scattered in the darkness.

The day's fighting was therefore over. The Turks, after a bold and skilful attack, had completely failed in their object. So far, they had not lost heavily in prisoners, but the British had at their disposal for the morrow's operations five mounted brigades: one (the 3rd L.H. Brigade) not yet engaged, two (the 5th Mounted and N.Z.M.R. Brigades) still fairly fresh, while the 1st and 2nd L.H. Brigades, after twenty hours in action - but almost all that time dismounted -were still capable of new efforts. There was yet a possibility of destroying the opposing force.

The 1st and 2nd L.H. Brigades spent the night on the battlefield. The N.Z.M.R. and 5th Mounted Brigades withdrew on the water supply and their supply camels at Pelusium Station, where the brigades of the 42nd Division were also assembling. The 3rd L.H. Brigade halted at Hill 70, and the Mobile Force at the Hod el Bada, 14 miles south of Romani Station.

 

Previous: The Turkish Advance

Next: The Pursuit on The 5th August 

 

Further Reading:

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Falls Account, The Turkish Attack on The 4th August

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 7 September 2009 6:22 PM EADT
Turkish, Nek, Roll of Honour, 7 August 1915
Topic: Tk - Army

The Nek

Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

Roll of Honour

Turkish
 

Çanakkale Martyr's Memorial
 
[Photo by Jll.]

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men known to have served at one time with the 18th Infantry Regiment and gave their lives in service of the Ottoman Empire on 7 August 1915. The names are compiled from the Turkish Book of Martyrs commonly known as Sehitlerimiz

 

Roll of Honour

 

490 Private Ali Osman son of MEHMET, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment.

 

346 Private Halil son of ÖMER, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment.

 

787 Private Ismail son of MUSTAFA, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment

 

2966 Private Mehmet son of HAMDI, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment.

178 Private Mehmet son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment.

179 Private Mehmet son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment.
2966 Private Mehmet son of HAMDI, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment
1571 Private Mustafa son of HÜSEYIN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment.

2776 Private Mustafa son of HÜSEYIN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment.
1457 Private Mustafa son of MEHMET, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment.
 
2235 Private Osman son of MEHMET, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment.
 
1233 Private Süleyman son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment.
 
1060 Private Yakup son of HÜSEYIN, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment. 

 

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

Turkish Army

The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

Gallipoli Campaign

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Turkish, Nek, Roll of Honour, 7 August 1915

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 13 October 2009 10:07 AM EADT

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