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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

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Saturday, 8 August 2009
Palestinian 1917-18, Contents
Topic: BatzP - Palestine

Palestinian 1917-18

Contents

 

Items

Where Australians Fought, Palestine, 1917-1918

Palestinian 1917-18, Palestine Campaign

 

 

Further Reading:

Palestine Battles

 


Citation: Palestinian 1917-18, Contents


Posted by Project Leader at 12:09 PM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 8 August 2009 12:15 PM EADT
The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia, Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers
Topic: Militia - LHW - WA

Western Australian Militia

Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers

 

The following is an extract from the book written in 1962 by George F. Wieck called The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia 1861-1903, pp. 30 – 32:

 
Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers

A resident of Pinjarrah, Mr F. Fawcett (late Cornet 6th Dragoon Guards) initiated a movement to form a Volunteer mounted corps at that centre. The corps was to be 15-17 strong and designated the "Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers". The Gazette of 23/10/1862 gave formal approval and appointed Mr F. Fawcett as Captain Commanding. At that time the roll bore the names of 17 members and 6 honorary members.

Captain Fawcett was a forceful and enthusiastic leader who gave much time, obviously much of his substance also, to raise a successful corps. His personality was such that in some miraculous manner he succeeded at one stage in raising the strength of the corps to 82 men in spite of the sparsely settled nature of the District.

The type of uniform selected was almost a replica of that worn by the 6th Dragoon Guards i.e., Scarlet tunic, white pantaloons, white helmet with spike, over-boots, and steel spurs. White facings or cords were adopted. It was a very spectacular dress but very unsuitable and difficult to obtain.

Arms comprised revolver carbines and Light Cavalry swords. At first the only revolver carbines available were six obtained from the guard of a convict ship, then in 1864, 18 new weapons were received from England. No other firearms were received by the corps.

All aims, accoutrements, saddlery, uniform etc. had to be obtained from England on a cash basis, orders being passed through the office of the Colonial Secretary at Perth. For a variety of reasons, not the least of them being ignorance of procedure and tardy communications, some deliveries were held up for two years or more and generally speaking the position was most unsatisfactory. The Executive Council had made provision for a corps of 18 all ranks, a fact of which Capt. Fawcett was well aware so he must be held responsible for the long delays and disappointments resulting from these delays.

By 1868 strength had increased to 61 men plus cadets, and by 1873 to 88. Attendances were not high but Inspecting Officers invariably reported the men seen as being efficient and of good spirit.
See: Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers, Nominal Roll, 1868

Among the highlights of this interesting corps' performances were the provision of an escort of one Sergeant, one Trumpeter, and four Troopers, for duty in connection with the visit of H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh in 1867. For that duty six sets of Dragoon uniform were hurriedly made and issued at a cost to the public of £93/2/1. The escort was on duty for two months and for that service a special allowance of £16/10/0 was granted. In order to take part in the celebrations Capt. Fawcett marched part of the corps from Pinjarrah to Perth. In 1868 a special allowance of £65 was granted to cover the cost of a special muster.
Strength steadily declined from 1874 and by 1882 had dropped to 26. Disbandment was gazetted on 3/11/1882. Obviously the recruiting field had become exhausted: also it would appear that Capt. Fawcett's power waned after 1873 or else he became absorbed in other activities.

Capt. Fawcett commanded the corps for the full period of its 20 years' life. The junior Officers were similarly unchanged. Had there been a change of command in 1874 the course of events might have been different.



Officers of Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers

Captain F Fawcett - 23 October 1862

Lieutenant JG Murray - 6 October 1868

Cornet F Oakley - 6 October 1868

Surgeon TF Beddingfeld - 17 November 1868

Chaplain Reverend JS Price - 17 November 1868

Lieutenant F de Lisle - 26 March 1870
 

 

Previous: Fremantle Volunteer Rifles

Next: Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers, Nominal Roll, 1868

 

Further Reading:

Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers, Nominal Roll, 1868

Western Australian Militia, Light Horse

Western Australian Militia, Infantry

 


Citation: The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia, Pinjarrah Mounted Volunteers

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 14 August 2009 12:17 PM EADT
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Sentries Paying Compliments
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Roles within the Regiment

Sentries Paying Compliments

 

The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.

 

Sentries Paying Compliments

 

(1.) On the approach of an officer, when he is at least 15 paces distant, a sentry, if on the march, will halt, front, and shoulder arms; if standing at ease he will come to attention and shoulder arms. To field officers and other officers of the army and navy entitled to the salute he will present arms.

(2.) To all armed parties, whether they are commanded by an officer or not, a sentry will present arms, and the party will return the compliment by drawing and carrying swords, carrying or shouldering arms, or carrying lances or arms (when mounted), as the case maybe. Parties with side-arms are to be considered as armed parties.

(3.) To all unarmed parties a sentry will shoulder arms, unless they are commanded by field officers, in which case he will present; in return, the commander of the party will give the word "Eyes - Right," or as the case may be, and having passed him "Eyes-Front."

(4.) Sentries will not present arms to any officer or armed party after sunset, but as long as they can discern an officer they will come to their front on his approach, and stand steady till he has passed.

(5.) When a sentry is posted with a sword, he will "Carry Swords" on all occasions on which, if armed with a carbine, he would present or shoulder arms.

(6.) In Lancer regiments the compliment corresponding both to the "Shoulder" and the "Present" with the carbine, and to the "Carry" with the sword, is the "Carry Lance", as the salute for officers of all ranks and for armed parties.

(7.) Sentries in their sentry boxes will salute by coming smartly to attention.

 

 

Previous: Relieving and Posting 

Next: Sentries Challenging 

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Sentries Paying Compliments

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 2 September 2009 11:19 AM EADT
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Falls Account, The Turkish Advance.
Topic: BatzS - Romani

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Falls Account, The Turkish Advance.

 

The Battle of Romani, 4-6 August 1916

[Click on map for larger version]

[From: Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, Sketch 10 facing p. 178.]

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917,  was published in London. Their book included a section specifically related to the battle of Romani and is extracted below.

MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), pp. 184 - 190:

 

Part 2. The Turkish Advance.

July opened quietly. Active patrolling was continued one reconnaissance reaching Bir Salmana on the 9th and finding it unoccupied. The most advanced Turkish camp was at Bir el Mazar, 42 miles east of Romani, where upwards of 2,000 troops were believed to be concentrated, but the garrison showed no sign of aggression. It appeared that, the season being so far gone, the long anticipated Turkish offensive would now be postponed until the winter.

Suddenly the situation changed. On the 17th July enemy aircraft showed great activity over the Romani area. The German aeroplanes were faster and better climbers than any which Sir A. Murray had at his disposal, and though they did not prevent the British machines from reconnoitring the country ahead, they established a definite superiority in the air which was long to endure. [For a statement of the situation, see Note III at end of Chapter. The new German 300th Flight Detachment is mentioned in Note 1.] On the 19th July a British aeroplane, with Brigadier General E. W. C. Chaytor, commanding the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, acting as observer, discovered that a force estimated at 2,500 had occupied Bir Bayud and that there was a somewhat smaller concentration at Gameil. [Gameil, a small oasis, is west of Bir Bayud.] On the northern route there was a force of equal strength at Bir el Abd, where tents were visible among the groves. Some 6,000 camels were also seen at the camps or moving between Bir el Abd and Bir Salmana. By the morning of the 20th there had been another move forward. Three thousand men were now entrenched at Mageibra, and Bir el Abd had evidently been made an advanced depot for supplies and stores. There was also a small force so far forward as Oghratina, which had grown to 2,000 by the following morning. It was obvious that the Turkish offensive was after all about to be launched.

On receipt of General Chaytor's report, G.H.Q. took steps to reinforce the Romani position, still known as No. 3 Section Canal Defences and commanded by Major-General the Honorable H. A. Lawrence. Two battalions of the 42nd Division were moved up from No. 2 Section to Qantara and the 158th Brigade of the 53rd Division sent out to Romani on the 20th. The troops already at General Lawrence's disposal were the [180] 52nd Division and the A. & N.Z. Mounted Division, less the 3rd L.H. Brigade. On the night of the 22nd the dispositions in No. 3 Section were as follows:

On the main position:-

155th Brigade on the right (Redoubts 23, 22, 21 and 1 to 5);

158th Brigade (less one battalion) in the centre (Redoubts 6 to l0a);

157th Brigade on the left, holding the remainder of the line to the sea; and,

156th Brigade and one battalion 158th in reserve at Romani Station.


At Romani:-

1st and 2nd L.H. Brigades.


At Dueidar:-

5th A.L.H.


At Hill 70: -

N.Z.M.R. Brigade (less 5th A.L.H.), [The Wellington Regiment was attached at this time and throughout the Battle of Romani to the 2nd L.H. Brigade, and the 5th A.L.H. to the N.Z. M.R. Brigade.] and
Composite Regiment 5th Mounted Brigade. [The 5th Mounted Brigade had been in process of reorganization on the Canal after its losses at Qatiya and was gradually being brought up to Hill 70. A composite regiment of two squadrons Gloucester Yeomanry and one squadron Worcester Yeomanry, was moved up on the 20th. The third squadron of the Gloucester Yeomanry was at Pelusium when the Turks attacked the Australian outposts on the 4th August.] (Section Mounted Troops.)


At Hill 40:-

1st Dismounted Yeomanry Brigade.


The total rifle strength was about 14,000.

A relatively small proportion of the available artillery had been brought up owing to the shortage of water for the teams. The guns in position, including those sent up within the next few days, consisted of

one battery 60-pdrs.,

two batteries 4.5-inch howitzers, and

four 18-pdr, batteries.

The Ayr and Leicester Batteries R.H.A., with the A. & N.Z. Mounted Division, brought the total up to 36 guns.

Two 18-pdr. batteries 263rd Brigade, in position south of the railway, to fire south and south-east;

One 60-pdr, battery, 2 howitzer batteries 262nd Brigade and one 18-pdr. battery 260th Brigade in the centre, within the loop formed by the railway;

One 18-pdr. battery 260th Brigade on the shore near Mahamdiyah.


The employment of "ped-rails" - short wooden planks fastened to each wheel of the guns and wagons-had greatly increased the mobility of field artillery in the desert. Their object was to distribute the weight resting at any moment on the sand over a considerable surface, and thus minimize the sinking of the wheel. They were used throughout the campaign in Sinai and only removed when the comparatively firm soil of Southern Palestine was reached.

The water supply, which limited the amount of artillery that could be maintained at Romani, had a similar effect [181] with regard to troops. Sir A. Murray decided not to increase the force of four infantry brigades, but moved up the 160th and 161st Machine-Gun Companies, of the 53rd and 54th Divisions respectively, thus greatly increasing his fire power at a comparatively small cost in water. Meanwhile with the possibility of offensive action before his eyes, he ordered the concentration of a small mobile column of mounted troops and Imperial Camel Corps in No. 2 Section, [11th A.L.H. (less one squadron), City of London Yeomanry (less one squadron), 4th, 6th, and 9th Companies Imperial Camel Corps.] under the command of Lieut.-Colonel C. L. Smith, Imperial Camel Corps, and assembled the camel transport necessary to enable the 42nd Division to advance into the desert.

The two brigades of the A. & N.Z. Mounted Division at Romani redoubled their activity in patrolling. On the 20th July the 2nd L.H. Brigade, with two guns of the Ayrshire Battery, demonstrated against Oghratina and captured several prisoners, from whom the enemy's order of battle was learnt. It appeared that the Turkish force was commanded by Kress in person and consisted of the 3rd Division, of which one regiment had proved its marching and fighting qualities at Qatiya, and a regiment of camelry ; with a number of special machine-gun companies, heavy and mountain artillery, officered and partly manned by Germans and Austrians. [Fuller details of the enemy's force, from Turkish sources, are given in Turkish Forces.] From this date until the opening of the battle one of the two Light Horse brigades at Romani marched out each morning towards Qatiya at 2 a.m., and bivouacked till dawn in front of the position. It then advanced on a wide front until it had drawn the enemy's fire. If the Turkish outposts were weak, they were driven in; if the enemy appeared disposed to counter-attack, the brigade retired slowly. It returned to camp at nightfall, and the second brigade carried out an identical manoeuvre next day.

Until the 28th the enemy remained quiet, but that morning he was found to have occupied the Hod um Ugba, 5 miles east of the British line. Lieut.-Colonel W. Meldrum, commanding the Wellington Regiment, proposed to eject him from this position, which did not appear to be strongly held. Approval was given to his suggestion, and a brisk [182] attack by two squadrons, supported by two guns and several machine guns, drove the Turks from the hod, with the loss of 8 prisoners of the 31st Regiment.

The enemy's hesitation, his cautious advance and careful entrenchment of successive positions, was puzzling to G.H.Q., which asked for nothing better than an attack upon the Romani defences. We now know that the long pause was due simply to the fact that the Turks were awaiting their heavy artillery, delayed by the necessity for constructing tracks through the areas of heaviest sand and even then compelled to move by very short stages. But to the British command it seemed possible that Kress was not, after all, contemplating an attack, and that he would content, himself with sitting down and blocking the British advance. In this case it was probable that he would soon receive reinforcements, and it was therefore necessary to be prepared to attack him before they arrived. The Commander-in-Chief considered it scarcely possible that the Turks could attack in force elsewhere than on the northern route, and was prepared to reduce the troops in Nos. 1 and 2 Sections to a minimum. He calculated that all his preparations for the equipment of his force with camel transport would be complete by the 3rd August, but he decided to give the enemy another ten days, and instructed General Lawrence to be prepared to attack about the 13th, the date of the full moon, unless himself attacked earlier.

Sir A. Murray also discussed with Vice-Admiral Sir R. E. Wemyss, commanding the East Indies Station, the possibility of a landing at El Arish and the destruction of the Turkish base there. It was proposed to land an infantry brigade 3,000 strong, with detachments of engineers, and to construct entrenchments which it might be necessary, on that treacherous coast, to hold for several days while awaiting weather conditions favourable for re-embarkation. The C.I.G.S. cordially approved of the proposal and in fact agreed with reluctance to its abandonment when the victory of Romani and the retreat of the enemy towards El Arish had altered the situation.

The advance to the Hod um Ugba on the 28th, disturbed though it was by the Wellington Regiment, proved to be the beginning of the Turkish offensive. Next morning the enemy's line again ran through the hod, stretching for a short distance north of the caravan route and about six miles [183] south of it, to a point west of Badieh. By the morning of the 3rd August it was evident that he was at last about to launch his attack, for he had moved forward to Qatiya. His line now ran north-east and south-west, from the Bardawil Lagoon to east of Qatiya, with his left flank thrown well forward.

To Sir A. Murray it appeared that the enemy commander was bound down to one plan of operations. It was incredible that he should throw his main weight against the prepared defences. What was anticipated was a containing attack against these defences and an attack with all available strength against the British right south of Katib Gannit. A manoeuvre of this nature would obviously expose the Turkish left flank to an attack by mounted troops, an arm in which the British were strong and the enemy weak. To meet an attack designed to turn his right and pass round it against the camps at Romani and the railway, Sir A. Murray's plan was as follows. In the first place, the enemy was to be delayed and made to pay as dearly as possible for every foot of ground won south of Katib Gannit; then, when he was thoroughly committed and, it was hoped, in some degree disorganized, he was to be attacked in flank by the Section Mounted Troops from Hill 70 and Dueidar, and by the 3rd L.H. Brigade from the Canal Defences, while the Mobile Column already described operated more widely against his flank and rear.

The former of these two elements in the scheme of defence was ensured by a concealed prolongation of the right flank south of Katib Gannit. Major-General Chauvel, after a careful reconnaissance, had selected a position from Katib Gannit to the Hod el Enna, some four miles long, with a second position covering the series of parallel gullies, running south-east and north-west, which gave access to the area of soft sand in rear of the Romani defences. No entrenchments were made, as they would have betrayed the position to the active enemy aircraft, but telephone lines were laid down and the officers of the 1st and 2nd L. H. Brigades made themselves thoroughly acquainted with the ground. It was on these two brigades, under the command of General Chauvel, that was to fall the task of holding up the enemy till he could be taken in flank by the rest of the mounted troops, echeloned in rear. These were on the 3rd August disposed as follows At Dueidar:-

5th A.L.H. This regiment which, as has been stated, temporarily formed part of the N.Z.M.R. Brigade, was sent forward at night to reconnoitre the Turkish left, the Auckland Regiment taking its place at Dueidar.

At Hill 70:-

N.Z.M.R. Brigade (less 5th A.L.H.) and 5th Mounted Brigade, still Section Mounted Troops, that is, under General Lawrence's direct command.


At Ballybunion, the railhead of the metre-gauge railway from Ballah:

3rd L.H. Brigade.


At the railhead of the metre-gauge railway from Ferdan:-

Mobile Column.


The 42nd Division had been concentrated at Qantara between the 20th July and the end of the month, and by the 3rd August moved out along the railway and disposed as follows:

At Gilban Station:-

127th Brigade.

At Hill 70:-

126th Brigade.

At Hill 40:-

125th Brigade.


As it seemed probable that the enemy would attack next morning, the 1st L.H. Brigade was ordered to occupy at dusk the skeleton position south-west of Katib Gannit, with two regiments in line and one in reserve. The 1st and 2nd L.H. Brigades had had heavy and trying work in the desert heat and were both below strength, so that when horseholders and other details were deducted neither had more than eight hundred rifles available for dismounted action.

The preparations were now complete. British monitors had been lying off Mahamdiyah for some days, shelling the assembling Turkish force. An armoured train was in a siding at Qantara, ready to assist in the defence of the right flank. All available aircraft had been collected at Ismailia, Qantara, Port Said and Romani.

 

Previous: The British Occupation of Romani 

Next: The Turkish Attack on The 4th August 

 

Further Reading:

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Falls Account, The Turkish Advance.

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 7 September 2009 6:24 PM EADT
Friday, 7 August 2009
The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915, Roll of Honour, Australian, British and Turkish
Topic: BatzG - Nek

 
The Nek

Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

Roll of Honour

Australian, British and Turkish Soldiers

 

The Nek Memorial, Gallipoli.

[Photo by Jll.]

 

Three nations participated in the charge at the Nek on that early morning of 7 August 1915, and so those who died, deserve recognition. This list is as comprehensive as possible. It contains the names of the men who died as a consequence of that action at the Nek, either on the day or subsequently from wounds. The roll is based upon an extensive search of Australian, British and Turkish records. Much to my regret British and Turkish records do not contain the level of information available to Australian records and thus can only be included where possible to identify the individual.

We have an obligation to see the commonality of suffering experienced by all men that day, all the sons who lay in the soil. The following list aims to fulfil that aspiration by placing on equal footing all who died during that terrible slaughter at the Nek.

This is a historic document which acknowledges the common sacrifice of the Australians along with the British and the Ottoman Turks, all of whom gave their lives at the Nek.

 

They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

 

Roll of Honour

 

A

678 Private Frank Leigh A'BECKETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

755 Private James Valentine AIREY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

682 Private Rollo Charles Stacpole ALBAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

756 Private Robert Osborne ALEXANDER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
490 Private Ali Osman son of MEHMET, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
607 Private Patrick Joseph AMOR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

801 Private Arthur Andreas ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

544 Private George John Stewart ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

235 Lance Corporal James Alfred ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

778 Private James ANDERSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Leo William Hall ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

101 Private William Fleming ANDERSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

608 Private William Stowwell ANDERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

876 Private Stephen ARBUTHNOT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

B

364 Sergeant Duncan Farquhar Grant BAIN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

208 Private John Henry BAKER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

103 Private Harold BARRACLOUGH, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

881 Private Walter Ernest BARTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

806 Private Percy Hamlin BECKETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

527 Private Robert BEILBY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

878 Private James Alexander BELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

601 Private Charles BENSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

234 Corporal Alexander Douglas BETHUNE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

372 Private William BLAKE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

338 Private Victor Eric BLAKENEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

805 Private Douglas BODDY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

46 Sergeant Henry BOHLSEN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Keith BORTHWICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

209 Lance Corporal John BOSWELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

934 Private Horace BOWER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

880 Private Richard BOWERING, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

233 Corporal Alwynne Stanley BOWKER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

709 Private Edgar Vernon BRADY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

69 Private Hubert Howden BROCKMAN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11882 Private Thomas BROSTER, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

244 Private Thomas BUCKINGHAM, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

379 Private Frederick John BUNCE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

165 Lance Corporal Thomas Francis BURGES, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

342 Driver William BURKE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

712 Private Albert James BUTLER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

C

311 Private Morton Alfred CAKEBREAD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

937 Private James Percival CAMERON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

300 Sergeant Major Colin Henry CAMERON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
605 Private James Pullar CAMERON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

853 Private James CARNEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

59 Private Alfred Ernest CARPENTER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Charles CARTHEW, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

129 Lance Corporal Alfred CAVANAGH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

2152 Private Arthur CHAMBERLAIN, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

860 Private Henry Thomas CHIPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

97 Lance Corporal Lindsay Lewis Sterling CHIPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

68 Private Ross Richard Vivian CHIPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

281 Private Henry Norman CLAYTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

776 Private Thomas George COATES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

142 Private Albert George COBB, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

156 Private Dyson Frederick COLE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

155 Private Lionel William COLE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

787 Private Herbert Alfred COLLINS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

93 Private Tom COMBLEY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

689 Private Walter COMBS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

115 Sergeant John Leslie CONNOR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

151 Private John CONSIDINE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

240 Private James CONWAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

12516 Private Francis James COOMBS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

70 Corporal Henry Lennox COWELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

534 Private Colin Hearden CRAMOND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

58 Driver Alexander George CUMMING, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

139 Private Richard Edward CUMMING, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

884 Corporal Hubert Roulstone Clifford CURRIE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

D

Lieutenant Charles Coning DALE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

718 Private Rowland [Ronald] Dudley DAVIS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
791 Private George Ernest DE MOLE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
539 Private Reginald Garry DEMPSTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

694 Private Percy George DEWHURST, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

89 Private Oliver Ernest DONALDSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

166 Private Amos Leonard DOUST, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

781 Private William DOW, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

542 Private Frank Napier DREW, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

690 Private Alfred DRISCOLL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

693 Private Thomas Alfred DUDDERIDGE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

662 Private James DUFFY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
394 Corporal Denis DU VAL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

692 Private Thomas Leo DWYER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

84 Private Norman Charles DYER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

E

817 Private Stanley EDMISTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

618 Private Wallace ESSAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

1804 Private William Williamson EUSTACE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

368 Private Albert Lacey EVANS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

369 Private Alexander George EVANS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

889 Private Herbert Ernest EYERS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

153 Private John Charles EYRE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

F

109 Sergeant Basil Middleton FENWICK, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

212 Private Lawrence Gerald FINN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

521 Private Jack FLUX, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

821 Private Benjamin FORBES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

403 Corporal Richard Andrew FORBES, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

265 Sergeant Thomas Charles FORDE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

158 Private Arthur William FYFFE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

G

245 Private William Henry GALE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

526 Private Alexander GANNAWAY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

824 Private Edward GIBBS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

160 Private Frederick Gilbert GIPPS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

893 Corporal Hugh Garfield GORDON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

286 Private Ernest Samuel GOULDEN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

287 Private John George Letcher GOYNE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

768 Private Hugh GRACE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

894 Private Gerald Lawrence GRAHAM, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

929 Private Geoffrey Treacher GRANT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant George Muir GRANT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

559 Private Charles GREAVES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

381 Sergeant Clifton Riversdale GRENFELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

698 Private Louis Gerald GRIFFIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

167 Private Alfred Henry GRIFFITHS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

621 Private Mansell David GRIFFITHS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

H

728 Private William HAHN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

346 Private Halil son of ÖMER, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
760 Private Frederick George HALL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
828 Private Arthur HANCOCK, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11884 Private John Charles HARDING, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

12376 Private George HARNEY, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

113 Private Gresley HARPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

114 Private Wilfred Lukin HARPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

250 Private Reginald Desmond HARRIS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

361 Squadron Sergeant Major William Edward HARVEY, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

112 Private Oscar Donald Humfray HASSELL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

896 Private James HASTINGS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

168 Private John HAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Thomas James HELLER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

541 Private Edward Percival HENDY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Edward Ellis HENTY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

19746 Private Alfred HICKINBOTHAM, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

247 Private Bertie HILL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

283 Private Henry George HILL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

292 Private Henry HILL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

213 Private William Arthur HIND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

200 Corporal Russell George HINDHAUGH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

314 Private Carl HOLMBERG, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

623 Private George Reuben HOPE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

897 Private Harry HOSKINS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Thomas Spencer HOWARD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

96 Private Geoffrey Castell HOWELL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

803 Private Raymond HOWELL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

201 Lance Corporal George Thomas HUGHES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

13175 Private Richard John HUGHES, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

 

I

787 Private Ismail son of MUSTAFA, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

J

Lieutenant David Alexander JACKSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

742 Private Samuel JAMES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

229 Private Douglas JAMIESON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

217 Private Donald Mathieson McGregor JOHNSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

316 Lance Corporal John Joshua JOLLY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

828 Private Arthur JONES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

394 Private Thomas JONES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

K

130 Private Charles KELLY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

547 Private Frank Winterburn KEMP, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

400 Private Robert KERR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

703 Private Edward Richard KILPATRICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

831 Private Martin Frederick KING, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

83 Private Allan Bruce KINNAIRD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

141 Private Frederick William KIRSCH, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

150 Private Louis Alfred KLOPPER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

251 Private Archibald Roland KNIGHT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

L

33 Private William Henry LAILEY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

898 Private William LANG, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

762 Private Michael Edward LARKIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

2242 Private William LEE, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

834 Private Ralph Vivian Worthington LEES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

133 Private Hugh LENNON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

120 Private John Percival LEWIS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Walter LLOYD, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

132 Private Thomas LONGMORE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

116 Private Dudley LUKIN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

M

906 Private Charles Russell MacNALLY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Second Lieutenant Cyril Godfrey MARSH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

255 Private Robert MARTIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

307 Private William Henry MASON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

903 Private Oscar John MATTHIES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

170 Sergeant Ernest McALIECE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

744 Private Herbert McCARTHY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

450 Lance Corporal Alfred John McCLUSKY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

263 Private Samuel Jeremiah McCOLL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

177 Private William McELHINNEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

123 Private John Blacklock McJANNET, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

813 Private William Cuthbert McKENZIE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

962 Private Donald Shapley McLEAN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Robert Thompson McMASTER, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

735 Private Henry George McNEILL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

125 Private Gordon McRAE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
2966 Private Mehmet son of HAMDI, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
178 Private Mehmet son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
179 Private Mehmet son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
2966 Private Mehmet son of HAMDI, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
Lieutenant Colonel Albert MIELL, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

254 Private Robert Reid MITCHELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

414 Private William MITCHELL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

138 Sergeant Reginald Johnstone MOORE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

542 Private Archibald Hubert MORETON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11895 Private Randall Foulkes MORRIS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

663 Private Patrick MORRISSEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

138 Private James Edgar MOYSEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

766 Private Thomas Richard MURRAY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
1571 Private Mustafa son of HÜSEYIN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

2776 Private Mustafa son of HÜSEYIN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk
1457 Private Mustafa son of MEHMET, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

N

142 Private Walter Edwards NEWTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

325 Private Archibald NICOLSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

80 Private William Reginald Eustace NORTHEY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

O

554 Private Bernard Lindsay O'MULLANE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

432 Sergeant Sydney John O'NEILL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

264 Private George Booth ORMEROD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
2235 Private Osman son of MEHMET, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

P

41 Sergeant Ebden Harcourt Roger PALMER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

702 Private John PALMER, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

910 Private Raymond Walter PATTERSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

327 Private Frederick PAYNE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

741 Private Leonard Parker PAYNE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

325 Private Arthur Albert PEARSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

966 Private Ernest PENNY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

232 Sergeant James Burnett PICKETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Vernon Frederick PIESSE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

327 Private Arthur Thomas PITTS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

413 Private Ernest POLLITT, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

631 Private Herbert POPE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

746 Private Allan PREECE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

482 Lance Corporal Godfrey Liddle PURVES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

R

331 Private Alexander RAE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

231 Sergeant Frank Albert RAWLINGS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

198 Sergeant Victor Norman RAYMOND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Major Thomas Harold REDFORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

82 Private George Wallace RICHARDSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

42 Sergeant Henry George ROBERTS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

333 Private Charles Archibald ROBINSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

715 Private Frederick RODERICK, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

12785 Lance Corporal Douglas ROGERS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

Second Lieutenant Leopold James Cecil ROSKAMS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

130 Private William Allardyce ROSS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Captain Andrew Percival ROWAN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

152 Private Harold RUSH, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

S

891 Private George Frederick Henry SANDY, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

226 Sergeant John Andrew SCOTT, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

62 Lance Corporal George Southwell SEAGER, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

182 Lance Corporal John Alexander SHAW, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

913 Private Ernest Lloyd SHEARSMITH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

453 Private Herbert Steven SHELDON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

157 Corporal Clarence SHEPHERD, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

1728 Private George SIDEBOTHAM, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

131 Private Fred SINKER, 8th Battalion Cheshires, United Kingdom

746 Private Frederick Joseph SMITH, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

12684 Private William John SMITH, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

147 Private William John SNUDDEN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

722 Private Reuben Edward SOMERVILLE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

212 Squadron Sergeant Major John SPRINGALL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
750 Private Abraham Joseph STANFORD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
857 Private Herbert Edward STANLEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

919 Private George STENZEL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

643 Private James Alexander STEWART, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
1233 Private Süleyman son of HASAN, 2nd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk 
296 Private Charles Tyler SUTHERLAND, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

898 Private Clarence Edward SUTTON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

451 Private Patrick Joseph SWEENEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

T

858 Private Nicholas TACKABERRY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

75 Private Stanley TAYLOR, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

304 Lance Corporal Arthur Norman TETLEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

184 Private James Gordon Ford THOMPSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

821 Corporal Thomas THOMPSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

902 Private Owen Stanley TIMMS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

923 Private William TOLEMAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

551 Private William TOSH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

752 Private Angus Duncan TREWIN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Second Lieutenant Alexander Phipps TURNBULL, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

V

748 Private Leyshon VILLIS, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

 

W

850 Private Reginald WALLACE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

22 Private Claude Hallastone WALSH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

150 Private Victor Kenneth WALTON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

298 Lance Corporal John Fortescue WEATHERHEAD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

784 Private William Bradley WELCH, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

357 Private Frederick Harold WESTON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Henry WHITE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

143 Private Edwin James WHITE, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Second Lieutenant Henry Eric WHITEHEAD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

71 Private James Thomas WILKERSON, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

532 Private Roy WILLAN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

261 Private Alfred Spedding WILLIAMS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

11910 Sergeant William Batting WILLIAMS, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, United Kingdom

475 Driver Richard WILLIAMSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Eliot Gratton WILSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

29 Lance Corporal James Joseph Reginald WILSON, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

225 Private Charles Melbourne WINGROVE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

333 Private John Wylie WINNETT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia

Lieutenant Cecil Talbot WOODS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Australia
 
Y
1060 Private Yakup son of HÜSEYIN, 3rd Battalion, 18th Regiment, Ottoman Turk

 

After all the rancour died down, in an effort to promote reconcilliation, in 1934 Atatürk wrote:

Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives... You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side now here in this country of ours... you, the mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land. They have become our sons as well.

The words are immortalised upon a wall specially constructed to preserve this sentiment.

 

Attaturk Memorial at Anzac Cove

 

 Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

Gallipoli Campaign

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915, Roll of Honour, Australian, British and Turkish


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 7 August 2011 9:26 AM EADT

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