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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Saturday, 29 August 2009
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Second in command
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Roles within the Regiment

Second in command

 

The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.

 

Officers Generally

 

(1.) He will see that troop officers are attentive to and punctual at stable duties, and report any troop officer that may exhibit negligence in this very essential point.

(2.) He will occasionally inspect the forage and report to the Commanding Officer any defect in the quantity, quality, or mode of issuing forage.

(3.) He will pay particular attention to the permanent section system being strictly adhered to, and will occasionally examine officers, Non Commissioned officers, and section leaders on the state of their sections.

(4.) He will pay particular attention to the dress and appointments of officers, and with the Adjutant inspect every officer's kit the first opportunity after first joining, and see that it is strictly according to regimental pattern.

(5.) He will carefully observe officers' attendance at parades, etc., at the specified time.

(6.) When temporarily in command duties of Commanding Officer, the Commanding Officer looks:

(1st.) To the Adjutant for the drill, and detail of all duties, and the efficiency of the Permanent Staff and their ability to assist officers in the instruction of their respective units, more especially Guard Duties.

(2nd) To the quartermaster for the cleanliness of the lines generally, the provision and distribution of all rations, forage and water at stated hours, the care of Camp equipment and return to stores on conclusion of training. All losses to be accounted for before the troops leave Camp.

(3rd) To Squadron Commanders for the general supervision of their squadrons both in the field and on the horse lines.

(4th) To the Troop Leaders to afford every assistance to their Squadron Commanders.

(5th) To the Troop Sergeants to carry out the details under their troop officers.

(6th) To the Permanent Sections Leaders for the efficiency of their respective sections of fours.

(7th) To the Non-commissioned Officers, to be thoroughly in touch with their duties and have such control of the men entrusted to their charge, so as to carry out all details of Camp routine - to act, as it were, as buffers between the men and officers.

 

Previous: Commanding Officer

Next: Adjutant

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Second in command

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 1 September 2009 10:50 PM EADT
Friday, 28 August 2009
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Adjutant
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Roles within the Regiment

Adjutant

 

The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.

 

Adjutant

 

(a) General Duties.

(1.) The duties of the officer who fills the important post of Adjutant are far too comprehensive to be given in detail, for there is no circumstance with which the discipline of a regiment can in any way be concerned that an Adjutant should think foreign to his department. He is the direct and confidential agent of the Commanding Officer, and, for the proper performance of his duties requires thorough knowledge of his profession. He must never allow any irregularities to pass unnoticed, but must bring them to the notice of either the officer commanding the squadrons, or the Commanding Officer of the regiment.

(2.) He will be personally responsible to the Commanding Officer for the arming, clothing, musketry training, drill, and administration of the regiment both in the field and in the orderly-room,

(3.) He will be considered the voice of the Commanding Officer, all orders coming from him are to be as implicitly obeyed by all ranks as if given by the Commanding Officer in person.

(4.) Remembering the responsibility of his position, and that on him must necessarily depend much of the discipline and appearance of the regiment, officers commanding squadrons and regimental units are expected to give every support to file Adjutant, whose duties are difficult, and manifold.

(5.) He must under all circumstances exercise a careful check over all enrolments in view of having only strong able men if the ranks who reside within a reasonable distance of their respective headquarters. None but good riders, and only those possessing horses which come up to the standard approved by the Commanding Officer will be enrolled. Grey, piebald, or creamy horses should not be encouraged for the ranks.

(b) In Camp

(6.) Prior to the regiment, or any portion thereof, assembling for a Camp of instruction, he will first ascertain the approximate number of all ranks likely to attend.

(7.) He will communicate with the railway authorities (through the proper channel) with a view to making the necessary arrangement for transport of troops.

(8.) He will forward requisition for Camp equipment to the Assistant Commissary-General of Ordnance according to authorised scale, and issue the necessary orders to the Regiment in sufficient time for all ranks to make the necessary arrangements to absent themselves from their civil occupations for the whole period of the training.

(9.) He will furnish the Quartermaster with trustworthy fatigue men to pitch camp before the arrival of the main body at the place of assembly upon instructions received from headquarters.

(10.) He will see that orders are issued that no one is allowed to take more baggage into Camp than the quantity authorised for all ranks by the regulations.

(11.) When the regiment arrives in camp, the numbers and names by regimental units, should be brought to the orderly tent by the squadron or regimental unit orderly sergeant, and kept for record. Names of subsequent arrivals to be added as they arrive.

(12.) He will, as soon as possible after the arrival of the regiment in camp, order a parade of all the non-commissioned officers to see if they are conversant with their duties.

(13.) He will point out the situation of the guards and sentries, and furnish them with instructions. He will see that the guards are mounted at the appointed hour, and that they are visited twice daily.

(14.) He will see that, when horses are first picketed, the greatest attention on the part of line sentries is required, and, when necessary, the guard may be increased.

(15.) He will examine the daily reports in camp, and bring to the Commanding Officer's notice anything which appears irregular.

(16.) He will accompany the Commanding Officer at all inspections of the lines or horses.

(17.) Prior to conclusion of training, he will take care that all returns are duly checked before rendering, obtaining particulars from officers commanding squadrons or regimental units in the usual manner.

(18.) The Sergeants' Mess will be especially under his charge and constant supervision, in order that all irregularities may be prevented, and he will see that a comfortable and good mess is kept up, and that a high tone prevails therein.

(19.) The Band will be especially under him for discipline, and in other respects like a regimental unit. He will inspect them on parade, and see to their messing and other requirements.

(20.) He will form up the parades for the Commanding Officer, taking care that the hours for such as published in Regimental Orders will give sufficient time to allow officers commanding squadrons, ample opportunity to inspect their respective commands, and also impress upon all ranks the extreme necessity of PUNCTUALITY AT ALL PARADES.

(21.) He will ascertain the number of prisoners (whether regimental, brigade, or divisional), daily, and arrange with the Commanding Officer the time when such prisoners shall be dealt with.

(22.) He will especially, during the early part of the training, visit the guard, once by day and once by night, with a view of ascertaining whether non-commissioned officers in charge are conversant with their duties, sentries alert, and well acquainted with their orders.

(23.) Before leaving Camp he will, as far as possible, locate any losses or damages with squadrons or regimental units responsible, with a view to having a correct assessment of charge for damage, whether for injury to a horse, loss of equipment, or any other matter whereby a money claim might arise.

 

Previous: Second in command

Next: Quartermaster

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Adjutant

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 1 September 2009 10:49 PM EADT
Thursday, 27 August 2009
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Quartermaster
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Roles within the Regiment

Quartermaster

 

The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.

 

Quartermaster

 

(1.) As a departmental or non-combatant officer, he is responsible to the Commanding Officer generally for the issue and return of all stores, the feeding of men and horses, the cleanliness, pitching, and striking of CAMP, in fact to particularise,

For all that concerns the issue, return, to and from the regimental store of: arms; equipment; accoutrements; clothing; necessaries; saddlery; and ammunition.

(2.) He will see that the regimental records of issue and returns to country units are duly entered by the Regimental Quartermaster-Sergeant in the regimental arms, clothing, and equipment ledgers; receipt and issue vouchers covering issues despatched to officer commanding units, and every care taken to be able to account AT ANY TIME for the distribution of the whole of the stores on charge to the regiment, whether on issue to country units or in store. Any articles lost or missing to be reported on, written off charge, and the individual responsible (if lost by neglect) debited with cost of replacing loss.

(3.) Previous to Camp, he will see that a requisition is prepared and the articles required by the regiment, according to scale authorised, are applied for.

(4.) DURING CAMP. - He will be present in Camp with the Permanent Regimental Quartermaster- Sergeant prior to the assembly of the regiment in sufficient time to see:

(a) That the Camp equipment requisitioned for has been drawn and despatched to site selected for Camp under proper control.

(b) The Camp pitched and the horse lines laid clown.

(c) Latrines provided separately for officers, non-commissioned officers, and men.

(d) Places allotted for horse manure and cook's rubbish.

(e) Kitchens allotted each troop or half-squadron.

(f) Tents allotted officers of each unit, servants, cooks, etc. Tents to be numbered and entered in the Quartermaster's book, who will point out to all concerned the locality of their respective tents when they arrive in camp.

(g) He will ascertain from the Adjutant the time of arrival of each troop, and arrange for cooks to have their first meal ready by the time the men arrive and dismount, and are dismissed for the meal in question.

(h) He will see that blankets, water-proof sheets, horse equipment, etc., are arranged in the regimental store tent in lots ready for issue to the troops on arrival, taking care that receipts are given for all articles issued, and when returned to store on conclusion of camp, deficiencies noted and located with troops or individuals responsible.

(5.) He will attend at headquarters at the issue of bread and meat, fuel, rations, etc., for the regiment prior to being accepted for distribution amongst the troops, and see that both are of good quality and full weight, and report any irregularity to the Commanding Officer or Adjutant.

(6.) He will be present at the issue of forage, but will have nothing to do with the quality of it. He is solely responsible for the gross weight received, and its distribution to the regiment after it has been passed by the Board of Officers appointed to inspect it.

(7.) He is responsible for the cleanliness of the Camp generally, and will take care that all ground allotted to the Regiment and parade ground, are kept clean and in good order. He can obtain a fatigue party on application to the Adjutant, to assist in keeping the Camp in order. All ranks are expected to assist this officer for sanitary reasons, as well as the well ordered appearance of the Camp of the regiment in this most important duty. The motto in the Camp of a mounted regiment, above all other places, must be “EVERYTHING IN ITS PROPER PLACE AND A PROPER PLACE FOR EVERYTHING."

(8.) He will see that:

(a) Discipline and good order (no confusion or noises) is maintained amongst the cooks.

(b) That they receive an equal share of water, fuel, rations, &c., for cooking according to the number of men they are cooking for.

(c) That they make such arrangements that they will have all meals ready at the time appointed in Regimental Orders.

(9.) He will see that tent orderlies are marched to the tents by troop orderly corporals, and that they fall in according to the number of their tents, and are each supplied in turn with their rations when called upon. No hurry or confusion to be allowed.

(10.) He will make any reports of breach of discipline to the Commanding Officer or Adjutant.

(11.) On conclusion of the Camp he will see that the tents are struck if dry, horse lines taken up, stores collected, handed over, losses (if any) located to troops concerned, and the interest of the regiment looked after so that no charges are made for deficiencies or damages other than those for loss by neglect or wilful damage.

(12.) He will make a report to the Commanding Officer on the conclusion of each camp on the work of his department.

 

 

Previous: Adjutant

Next: Squadron Commander

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Quartermaster

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 1 September 2009 10:47 PM EADT
Wednesday, 26 August 2009
Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Squadron Commander
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Roles within the Regiment

Squadron Commander

 

The following entries dealing with the roles and duties within the hierarchy of a light horse regiment are extracted from a very informative handbook called The Bushman’s Military Guide, 1898. While written in 1898, the information contained in the entries held true for the next twenty years with only minor modifications with the principles remaining as current then as now.

 

Squadron Commander

 

(1.) The officer selected to act as squadron commander during continuous training is responsible to the Commanding Officer of the regiment for the four troops comprising the squadron. He is the medium of communication for all matters affecting his squadron.

(2.) He is to consider that the squadron is being trained for active service, and it cannot be too strongly impressed upon officers commanding troops the extreme importance of every man, every horse, arms, clothing, accoutrements, and saddlery being kept in fighting trim, ready for any emergency. This can only be done by regular inspection on parade, and a, careful supervision in the horse lines of the care of horses, arms, saddlery, and accoutrements.

(3.) He must insist on his subaltern officers doing their duty firmly, yet temperately, and bring to the notice of the Commanding Officer if they fail to do so.

(4.) He will inspect the horse lines and tents of his squadron once a clay (usually about 1 p.m.,), seeing that they are clean and tidy, the horses groomed, the saddlery clean and uniformly arranged, the arms around tent poles, tent curtains rolled up, etc. The horses will be first inspected, the Men standing to their horses heads; the tents afterwards, the men standing on the right of tent doors, and should see that all tents are prepared for bad weather by trenches being dug round.

(5.) He will accompany the Commanding Officer when the lines of his squadron are being inspected.

(6.) He will see that the horses are regularly watered at the prescribed hours, that the nose-bags are put on when feed sounds, and that the men are supplied with rations of good quality.

 

 

Previous: Quartermaster

Next: Officer Commanding a Regimental Unit

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Roles within the Regiment, Squadron Commander

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 1 September 2009 10:45 PM EADT
Australian Service Personnel, Photograph Albums, Lieutenant William Lang Photograph Album, Contents
Topic: AAC-Photo Albums
 

Australian Service Personnel

Photograph Albums

Lieutenant William Lang Photograph Album, Contents

 

The complete photograph album of Lieutenant William Lang is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Lieutenant William Lang Photograph Album

 

Finding more about a service person.

See: Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

The following lists the photographs that are available. Part A are the listings of the photographs on each page of the album while Part B following below Part A is an alphabetical listing of the men named in photographs.

 

PART A: Photograph Listing per  Album Page

Page 1: 

Lieutenant William LANG

William Lang's AIF Commission Application

HMAT A29 Suevic

6th LHR Officers at Maadi Camp

William LANG and "Kaiser"

Lunch 1

Lunch 1 - Enlarged

Lunch 2

Lunch 2 - Enlarged

Parade 1

 

Page 2:

Parade 1 enlarged

Parade 2

Parade 3

Rail Cart

Hat Puggarees

HT Guildford Castle

Colonel Fuller's letter

Kathleen Lang

Steley Letter

Samuel Decimus Currie

 

Page 3:

Badge of the Waiuku Rifles

Attestation Paper for Samuel Decimus Currie

 

 

Sources Used:

The Steley family album.

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

 

Further Reading:

Australian Service Personnel, Photograph Albums

Australian Light Horse

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Australian Service Personnel, Photograph Albums, Lieutenant William Lang Photograph Album, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 26 May 2011 6:47 PM EADT

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