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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

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Sunday, 6 September 2009
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Outline
Topic: BatzS - Romani

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Outline

 

1st Light Horse Brigade camp at Romani

 

Romani, an action fought on 4-5 August 1916 in the Sinai Desert 35 kilometres east of the Suez Canal, took place amid towering sand-dunes astride the old caravan route to Palestine skirting the Mediterranean Sea. After Turkish raids had inflicted some damage to British outposts in this area during April, Romani was occupied by the 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division and the Anzac Mounted Division, the latter at that time comprising two brigades of Australian light horse under Major-General Harry Chauvel. From here the mounted troops undertook a vigorous program of desert patrols, aimed at keeping the enemy away from this route to the canal and detecting any approach that was made.

On 18 July, aerial reconnaissance had discovered the presence of four large bodies of Turkish troops a few days' march beyond the line of British outposts. The next fortnight involved continual skirmishing in the midsummer heat, during which it was established from enemy prisoners that the puckish force comprised a reinforced division of 12,000-14,000 men under command of a German general, Kress von Kressenstein. During the night of 2-3 August the Turks advanced to Katia, eight kilometres south-east of Romani, and it was concluded that an attack on the main British position was imminent.

In the expectation that the enemy planned to envelop the southern end of the Romani defences, before sweeping onto the camps and railway behind than, Chauvel positioned his 1st Brigade - all that was available to him since his 2nd Brigade was out on reconnaissance-in small posts covering a frontage of five kilometres south of the 2nd Division's Lines. The Turks were in the process of forming up on their start-lines for an assault when they unexpectedly bumped into the Australians at about midnight on 3 August. After adjusting their plans, the Turks come on an hour later. In the fighting that quickly developed, the 700 rifles in Chauvel's screen of outposts were opposed by up to 8,000 Turks.

Under the weight of the unrelenting enemy pressure, the light horsemen fell back steadily. At 4.30 a.m., when it appeared that the Turks' outflanking movement must succeed, Chauvel brought in his 2nd Brigade into line on the right flank of the 1st. As the Turks continued to feel their way around the southern flank of the defence, Chauvel began moving troops from the left of his line to keep extending his right, with the 52nd Division taking over the parts of his front that had to be thus vacated. Despite these tactics, by 7 a.m. the enemy had gained a long sandhill dubbed Wellington Ridge flanking the camps. The Australians had been pushed back to a towering sand-dune called Mount Royston, their front now facing due south.

 

Romani and the disposition of the various armies, 4 August 1916
 
[Click on map for larger image]

 

At about 7 a.m. the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade and a brigade of British yeomanry, having been sent forward from reserve positions closer to the canal, were ordered into action against the enemy's now exposed flank. These forces were not in position to commence a counter-attack on Mount Royston until nearly 2 p.m. The fight continued throughout the afternoon, but by the time a brigade from a British infantry division in reserve, the 42nd (Lancashire), also neared the scene at about 6 p.m. the Turks had begun surrendering in large numbers. Meanwhile Chauvel's brigades had managed to maintain their positions in the centre, but were too tired for any further counter-stroke to be attempted.

At 4 a.m. on 5 August the 1st and 2nd Light Horse Brigades, together with adjoining infantry, advanced with the bayonet. Except at one point, Turkish resistance on Wellington Ridge was quickly subdued. With the enemy flank now crushed, Chauvel was instructed at 6.30 a.m. to undertake a pursuit using all available mounted troops. This now involved the 3rd Brigade of his own division, which had arrived from the canal zone. The 3rd Light Horse Brigade had a major success south of Katia, when a Turkish strongpoint was rushed at about 1 p.m. and resulted in the capture of 425 enemy and seven machine-guns.

Elsewhere on this front the Turkish positions proved too strong and well protected by fire, so that Katia itself remained untaken. The British forces were compelled to retire, essentially through lack of water for the horses, but during the night the Turks took the opportunity to abandon the place anyway. Thus the threat to Romani had been decisively eliminated, although the failure of the British command to turn the Turkish defeat into a rout has largely obscured the significance of the victory. The brunt of the fighting had fallen upon the Anzac Mounted Division, which suffered over 900 of the 1,130 casualties (including 202 killed) on the British side. Turkish losses are unknown but were estimated at 9,000; 1,250 dead were buried by the victors and nearly 4,000 were taken prisoner.

 

A poignant moment as a 3rd LHR man pays his respects to a fallen Turk.

 

Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, pp. 118-118.



Additional References cited by Chris Coulthard-Clark:

H.S. Gullett, (1944), The Australian Imperial Force in Sinai and Palestine, Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

A.J. Hill, (1978), Chauvel of the Light Horse, Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press.

 

Further Reading:

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 15 October 2009 8:27 AM EADT
el Qatiya, Sinai, 23 April 1916, Falls Account, The Advance into Sinai
Topic: BatzS - El Qatiya

el Qatiya

Sinai, 23 April 1916

Falls Account, The Advance into Sinai

 

As part of the Official British War History of the Great War, Captain Cyril Falls and Lieutenant General George MacMunn were commissioned to produce a commentary on the Sinai, Palestine and Syrian operations that took place. In 1928, their finished work, Military Operations, Egypt and Palestine - From the outbreak of war with Germany to June 1917,  was published in London. Their book included a section specifically related to the battle of Romani and is extracted below.

MacMunn, G. & Falls, C., Military operations: Egypt and Palestine, (London 1930), pp. 159 - 162:

 

The Advance into Sinai.

Until the middle of February the troops were fully engaged in reorganization, training, and work upon the Canal Defences, in the making of roads and laying of light railways and pipe-lines, without which these defences could not be occupied. Reconnaissances by the Royal Flying Corps and the seaplanes of the Royal Naval Air Service (a squadron of which now succeeded the French seaplane detachment at Port Said - The "East Indies and Egypt Seaplane Squadron" was formed in late January 1916, and consisted of British seaplanes which had been employed in the Gallipoli campaign and of the French seaplane detachment. There is no record of the precise date at which the French detachment was withdrawn from Egypt, but its last reported flight took place on the 16th April. Squadron Commander C. L'Estrange Malone was the first commander of the East Indies Squadron, Commander C. R. Sampson, R.N., taking over command in May 1916. The seaplane carriers at the disposal of the squadron were the Ben-my-Chree, Anne, Raven, and Empress, but the last named was sent to Mudros in May. The depot included a training base for observers, who were supplied by the Army, and an intelligence report centre. The squadron carried out remarkable work in reconnaissance, photography, and bombing along the Syrian coast throughout 1916 and 1917, and was also employed in the Red Sea and at Aden. An interesting account of its activities is to be found in "In the Side Shows" by Captain Wedgwood Benn (Holder and Stoughton).)" established the fact that there were no considerable Turkish forces in Sinai and no signs of a concentration in Southern Palestine for an attack on Egypt. During the latter half of the month the XV Corps pushed its mounted patrols out 20 miles, to Bir en Nuss and Hod Umm Ugba, finding this area clear of the enemy and practically deserted by the Bedouin. From Tor, at the southern end of Sinai, which was garrisoned by the 2nd Battalion Egyptian Army and had come under General Murray's control by arrangement with General Maxwell, a reconnaissance was carried out, and a small force of the enemy - chiefly Bedouin with a few Turkish officers - ejected from a camp established several miles inland. In No. 2 (the Central) Section a force about a squadron strong of the 8th and 9th Australian Light Horse and a detachment of Bikanir Camel Corps carried out between the 11th and 15th April a raid to Jifjafa, [See: Jifjafa] a distance of 52 miles, captured an Austrian engineer officer and 33 men, and destroyed a well-boring plant which had been at work for five months. At the same time the IX Corps in the Southern Section reconnoitred 30 miles to Bir el Giddi and the tracks leading east there from.

Meanwhile the standard-gauge line from Qantara towards Qatiya had been begun. On the 10th March the first shipload of rails and sleepers arrived at Qantara, and in four weeks 16 miles, including sidings, were laid. The line followed the caravan track for 5 miles and was then to make a sweep north to avoid the large and shifting sand dunes of Romani, curving back to the caravan route near the 0ghratina oasis, 5 miles east of Qatiya. A subsidiary 2 ft. 6 in. line was also begun from Port Said along the shore, April.

The railway having passed through the advanced line of the Canal Defences, it became necessary to establish permanent posts ahead of it in the Qatiya Oasis to protect it from attack by the enemy and to ensure the Egyptian labourers against interference from armed Bedouin. On the 6th April, Br.-General E. A. Wiggin, 5th Mounted Brigade (the mounted troops in the XV Corps Section), was appointed to the command of the Qatiya district, and made responsible to Lieut.-General Horne. Three days afterwards the latter was recalled to a command in France and succeeded by Major-General the Hon. H. Lawrence, hitherto commanding the 52nd Division. The XV Corps Headquarters was broken up and General Lawrence was given a reduced corps staff, known as Headquarters No. 3 Section.

On the 9th April a squadron of the Worcester Yeomanry found the Turks in some strength at Bir el Abd, 15 miles east of Qatiya. By the third week of the month the whole of the 5th Mounted Brigade was disposed to cover the railway:

Headquarters and Gloucester Hussars at Romani,

Worcester Yeomanry at Qatiya,

Warwick Yeomanry (less one squadron on the Canal) at Bir el Hamisah, 3 miles south of Qatiya.

The 2/2nd Lowland Field Company, R.E., 52nd Division, was attached to the brigade for the development of wells.


The brigade had no artillery, the ground being soft sand over which wheels could scarcely move and the water supply for horses still far from plentiful. On the 21st and 22nd two squadrons (less one troop) Worcester Yeomanry with a detachment (4 officers and 60 other ranks) of the Field Company were pushed out to the Oasis of Oghratina, and replaced in Qatiya by a squadron of Gloucester Hussars until the arrival of the 5th Australian Light Horse. This regiment had been ordered to reinforce General Wiggin, in view of signs of renewed activity on the part of the enemy, an outpost of the Warwick Yeomanry from Bir el Hamisah having been attacked by Turkish or Bedouin cavalry before dawn on the 19th and having had its horses stampeded. The Light Horse was due to arrive at Qatiya on the 24th.

Thirteen miles S.S.W. of Qatiya, on the track from Qantara, the small oasis of Dueidar was held by 120 rifles 5th Royal Scots Fusiliers, a few Yeomanry and men of the Bikanir Camel Corps, 156 rifles in all. Five miles behind this post, at Hill 70 in the advanced line of the Canal Defences, was the 4th Royal Scots Fusiliers, of the 52nd (Lowland) Division, which was holding this portion of the front. Railhead was on the 21st near El Arais and 4 miles west of Romani, so that the time had come when Qatiya could be held in greater strength and more easily supplied. At the very moment when this reinforcement was about to take place, the enemy struck a blow which for combined speed, skill, daring, and success is hardly to be matched in the records of the campaign.

 

Previous: Egypt in the Spring of 1916

Next: The Affair of Qatiya

 

Further Reading:

el Qatiya, Sinai, 23 April 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: el Qatiya, Sinai, 23 April 1916, Falls Account, The Advance into Sinai

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 13 September 2009 10:49 PM EADT
Australian Light Horse, Tactical Training of the AIF at Zeitoun, Rearguards
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

Australian Light Horse

Tactical Training of the AIF at Zeitoun

Rearguards

 

The following entries dealing with the emerging tactics taught to officers and NCO's at the Imperial School of Instruction, Zeitoun and are extracted from a very informative handbook called Lectures by Commandant, School of Instruction, Zeitoun, 1916. At one time or another, all officers and NCO's within the Light Horse were inculcated with the tenets expounded by the lectures.

 

REARGUARDS.

Rearguards are used to prevent the march of the mainbody, from being hindered by attack.

A rearguard is above everything a Fighting Force. It is divided into a Main Guard and Rear Party, corresponding to the divisions of an advanced Guard. They are linked up in the same way by connecting files.

If not engaged the duties of a Rearguard are easy, but when attacked by an enterprising enemy the commander has a very difficult and dangerous task to perform.

The chief duties of a Rearguard are:

1. To offer enough resistance to allow the main body to retire unmolested.

2. Not to allow the enemy to approach and to engage too closely. The commander must watch his flanks most carefully in order not to let the enemy envelope him and cut him off.


To achieve the above, the Commander must observe the following points:

(1) Choose positions with an extended field of fire, to force the enemy to deploy early and so occasion him delay, occupying positions with fiery wile extension.

(2) Open fire very early with the same object as No. 1.

(3) Quit positions before the enemy approaches too closely.

(4) The whole of the Rearguard never retires at the same time.

(5) One portion retires and occupies another position the other portion holding on to the original position, the first portion then retires through the second line and takes up a third position, and so on.

(6) It is better to sacrifice a portion of the rearguard than to allow the evenly to fall on the rear of the mainbody, and so possibly turn the retirement into a rout.


It is essential for a Rearguard to be strong in Artillery as by shelling the evenly at long ranges, the enemy will be forced to extend, which enables the retiring force to gain time, a most important factor.

 

Previous: Advanced Guard by Day

Next: Flank Guard

 

Further Reading:

Australian Light Horse

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Australian Light Horse, Tactical Training of the AIF at Zeitoun, Rearguards

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 11 October 2009 5:16 PM EADT
Saturday, 5 September 2009
Latest Site News, Contents
Topic: A Latest Site News

Latest News

Contents

 

 

Items

Welcome and the Rules 

New Look 

Web Sites of Interest

 

New Topics

2 September 2009

Roles within the Regiment

 

5 September 2009

The Volunteer Movement in Western Australia

 

8 September 2009

Latest News, Battle of Romani, 4-5 August 1916

 

 

Further Reading:

Latest Site News

 


Citation: Latest Site News, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 8:02 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 8 September 2009 6:33 PM EADT
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Roll of Honour, Australia and New Zealand
Topic: BatzS - Romani

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Roll of Honour

Australia and New Zealand


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men from the Anzac Mounted Division known to have served and lost their lives during the Battle of Romani.

 

Roll of Honour

 

David J. BARCLAY, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Bertie Gerald BARRETT, 11th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

Henry BELL, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

Owen Ernest Hugh BINGHAM, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Charles John BRUCE, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Harold Alfred BURRILL, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Douglas Dunmore CAMPBELL, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Conyers CLIFFORD, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Frank Railton CLINCH, 1st Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Walter Herbert COURTMAN, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 3 August 1916.

Richard Walter CROZIER, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Thomas Andrew CUNNINGHAM, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Francis Patrick CURRAN, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Thomas DALE, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Dennitt DAVIS, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Norman DIGBY, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

Halven Roy DRADY, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Arthur William DRINKWATER, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

John DUELL, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 6 August 1916.

Samuel James DUNKINSON, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

 

Leonard Ridgeway EASTHER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Percy Walter FINNIS, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Horace Ernest FRAZER, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

James Malcolm FROST, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

 

Stewart Courtney GADEN, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 6 August 1916.

Harold GIBBON, 11th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

Thomas Lambert GLASBY, 11th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

Bartholomew James GOGGINS, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916. 

Alexander Harold GOOD, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

William James GRAHAM, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Charles HOLLEDGE, 2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Edmund John HOWARD, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Fergus Stanley IBBOTT, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

Fred INGLIS, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Alfred William JAMES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 6 August 1916.

Christian JEPSON, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

John William JONES, Imperial Camel Corps, Killed in Action, 6 August 1916.

 

Austin KEANE, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

John KELLIHER, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Basil KERSLAKE, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 5 August 1916.

 

Thomas LITSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Walter Bernard LORD, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Wilford LUDBEY, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

 

Duncan Mark MacLAREN, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

Lewis MANSON, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Charles Bute MASSY, 5th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Thomas McCAHON, New Zealand Machine Gun Squadron, Died of Wounds, 4 August 1916.

Samuel Crichton McGOWAN, 5th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

William McQUIGGIN, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Vivian Roy MORROW, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Edward Charles MORTON, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

Ralph Graham MOTTERSHEAD, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Henrie Clarence NICHOLAS, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Nicholas James OATES, 23 Infantry Battalion attached to Imperial Camel Corps, Killed in Action, 6 August 1916.

Thomas O'CALLAGHAN, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Harold Reath OLVER, 2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Alan Dexter PALMER, 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

Joseph George Alfred PICKENS, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Joseph Charles RADNELL, 1st Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Frederick Ormsby REES, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Alan Serafino RIGHETTI, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

John RITCHIE, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Mark ROSENBERG, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

 

Roy Stanley SEWELL, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Andrew Mitchell SHARP, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Lionel Francis Watson SMITH, 2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Stuart Rutherford SMITH, 7th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Wilfred SMITH, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Francis Guthrie SMITH, New Zealand Machine Gun Squadron, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

William George STEELE, 5th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Harold Rowton STEVENS, 11th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

William Henry STRIBLEY, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

George SULLIVAN, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Ralph SUTTON, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Died of Wounds, 5 August 1916.

 

Alfred Gibbs TOLMAN, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

William TOOHEY, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Michael TUCKEY, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Roderick William URQUHART, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

 

John WALKER, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

Leslie WALLACE, Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

Mervyn Leigh WATERS, Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Roderick Noel White WEAVER, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Frank Lindsay WILLIS, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 4 August 1916.

Harry Noel WILSON, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Alfred Thomas WINTERTON, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Percy Severn Roy WOODYATT, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Edgar Alma Mark WRIGHT, 6th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Henry Patrick WRIGHT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

 

Lest We Forget

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Roll of Honour, Australia and New Zealand

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 23 October 2009 8:56 AM EADT

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