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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Saturday, 26 September 2009
11th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour
Topic: AIF - 4B - 11 LHR

11th LHR, AIF

11th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men known to have served at one time with the 11th Light Horse Regiment and gave their lives in service of Australia, whether as part of the 11th Light Horse Regiment or another unit.

 

Roll of Honour

 

William Harold BAIN , Killed in Action, 2 May 1918.

Bertie Gerald BARRETT , Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

John William BAXTER , Died of Wounds, 1 May 1918.

Benjamin BEETHAM , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Thomas Albert BENNETT , Died of Wounds, 7 November 1917.

Lawrence BERWICK , Killed in Action, 2 April 1917.

James BLACK , Killed in Action, 24 April 1918.

Robert BLACK , Died of Wounds, 8 May 1918.

William BLOOMFIELD , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

Victor Godfrey BOTTOMLEY , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

John BOYDLE , Died of Wounds, 8 September 1915.

Horace BRAHAM , Died of Disease, 21 October 1918.

Frederick Charles BUCKHOLTZ , Died of Disease, 27 October 1918.

William John BURTON , Died of Wounds, 8 May 1918.

 

 

Frank Banister CAMPBELL , Died of Wounds, 20 May 1917.

Frederick Michael CARNEY , Killed in Action, 1 November 1917.

Douglas CARRINGTON , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Ernest James CHANDLER , Killed in Action, 12 August 1918.

Edward James CLEMENTS , Died of Wounds, 19 April 1917.

George COLEMAN , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Francis Aloysius CONNOLLY , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Francis COOPER , Died of Disease, 20 December 1915.

Edward CRAWFORD , Died of Disease, 31 January 1918.

Harold Nesbit CUMMINS , Died of Wounds, 1 December 1917.

 

 

George DARE , Died of Wounds, 18 October 1917.

Ivo Virgel DAVIDSON , Died of Disease, 27 January 1917.

Perry Thomas DAVIS , Died of Wounds, 27 November 1917.

Martin DEVITT , Died of Disease, 7 July 1918.

Daryl James Gilchrist DODDS , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

Alexander DONALDSON , Killed in Action, 23 September 1918.

William DONALDSON , Died of Wounds, 26 September 1918.

Maurice Michael DONNELLY , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Harry DOWIE , Killed in Action, 4 July 1917.

Alexander Mark DOWNIE , Killed in Action, 14 July 1918.

John Denis DUNN , Killed in Action, 28 March 1918.

Patrick Bernard DWYER , Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

 

 

Francis Patrick EGAN , Died of Disease, 12 May 1916.

Frederick Bertram ELLIS , Killed in Action, 28 March 1918 .

William EMMERT , Killed in Action, 14 July 1918.

 

 

George FALLON , Died of Wounds, 10 August 1916.

Frederick Garnet FARLOW , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

William FENTON , Died of Disease, 23 December 1918.

Cyril John Alfred FLYNN , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

William Bateman FORSTER , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

William Albert FRASER , Died of Wounds, 9 November 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Edward FROST , Died of Disease, 23 October 1918.

 

 

Herbert John GEE , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

Cecil GERMAIN , Died of Wounds, 1 May 1918.

Thomas GERRARD , Died of Disease, 21 June 1916.

Harold GIBBON , Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

Alphonsus GILLIGAN , Died of Disease, 29 October 1918.

Thomas Lambert GLASBY , Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

Frederick GOLDEN , Died of Disease, 9 October 1918.

Lucas Joseph Paul GOLIK , Killed in Action, 2 May 1918.

Clement Francis GOOD , Killed in Action, 4 May 1918.

 

 

Reginald George HALLAM , Died of Disease, 9 October 1918.

Frederick Allan Anthony HICKS , Died of Wounds, 23 September 1915.

Havelock HIGGS , Killed in Action, 1 November 1917 .

Herbert John HILDER , Died of Disease, 27 November 1917.

Alexander Forbes HOGARTH , Died of Disease, 6 August 1915.

Edgar Stanley HOWELL , Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

William Edward Ludlow HUGHES , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

James John HULL , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

 

 

Pelham Steane JACKSON , Died of Wounds, 19 April 1917.

Eric James JARRETT , Killed in Action, 28 March 1918.

Harold Norman JARRETT , Died of Wounds, 16 September 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Thomas Norman JOHNSON , Killed in Action, 20 July 1916.

George Richard Somerville JOHNSTON , Died of Wounds, 10 November 1915.

John JOHNSTON , Died of Wounds, 1 June 1918 .

Stanley McGillivray JOHNSTON , Killed in Action, 2 May 1918.

Keith David JONES , Died of Wounds, 2 March 1918.

 

 

John Joseph KENNY , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

William Thomas KEOGH , Died of Disease, 18 October 1915.

William Edward KERRIGAN , Killed in Action, 31 October 1917.

Thomas Harold KIMPTON , Killed in Action, 24 October 1917.

Louis Paul KREIG , Died of Accident, 19 August 1918.

 

 

Alfred James LAKE , Killed in Action, 30 April 1918.

Frank Pierpoint LAXTON , Died of Wounds, 19 April 1917.

Wilfred LEACH , Died of Disease, 18 March 1917.

Lionel Kenneth LEE , Died of Disease, 5 April 1919.

James LEMON , Died of Disease, 30 October 1918.

Jack (John) LESWELL , Killed in Action, 15 October 1916.

Alfred LEVINGSTON , Died of Disease, 17 November 1917.

William Jack LINEDALE , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Henry LITTLE , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Thomas LLOYD , Killed in Action, 22 December 1916.

Edward Cahill LOUGHRAN , Died of Wounds, 25 May 1918.

 

 

John MALLETT , Died of Disease, 18 February 1916.

Clifford Roy MARR , Killed in Action, 6 July 1918.

Christopher Alfred MAUSOLF , Killed in Action, 2 May 1918.

William McBURNIE , Died of Wounds, 22 October 1917.

John McCARTHY , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

Michael Henry McCARTHY , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Richard Augustus McDONALD , Died of Disease, 17 October 1918.

Alexander Stuart McGREGOR , Died of Disease, 14 April 1917.

Ernest McKAY , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918 .

Lewis Fordyce McKAY , Killed in Action, 10 August 1916.

Bernard Scrymgour McKENZIE , Died of Accident, 20 January 1918.

Thomas Mclean McLAREN , Killed in Action, 8 September 1915.

Ernest William MILLARD , Died of Wounds, 15 May 1918.

William Casper MILLER , Killed in Action, 10 April 1918 .

Roderick MORRISON , Died of Disease, 10 December 1917 .

Kenneth Andrew MUDGE , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917 .

Marcus Bowerman MUIR , Died of Wounds, 30 September 1918.

Arthur NEWMAN , Died of Disease, 19 October 1918.

 

 

Michael NUSS , Died of Wounds, 10 November 1917.

 

 

William James O'BRIEN , Died of Disease, 2 November 1915.

Peter Matthew O'DOWD , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Timothy James O'NEILL , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Joseph Lionel Alexander OSBORNE , Killed in Action, 10 April 1918 .

 

 

Joseph Henry PASCOE , Killed in Action, 22 September 1915.

Alexander Learmouth PATERSON , Died of Disease, 6 November 1918.

Frederick William PATERSON , Died of Wounds, 1 May 1918.

Robert Portway PLEDGER , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

John Joyce POSTLETHWAITE , Killed in Action, 2 November 1915.

Claude POWELL , Killed in Action, 1 May 1918.

John Richard PRENTICE , Died of Disease, 1 October 1915.

 

 

Thomas Alexander RANKIN , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Alfred Charles RANN , Died of Wounds, 26 November 1915.

George Edward RATHJEN , Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

John Thomas REYNOLDS , Died of Wounds, 16 November 1917.

Frederick James Archibald RICHARDS , Died of Wounds, 16 September 1915.

Percy McDonald ROBERTS , Died of Wounds, 27 November 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Allan David ROBINSON , Died of Wounds, 21 October 1915.

Stanley Oswald ROBINSON , Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Frederick Robert ROY , Died of Accident, 5 July 1918.

 

 

Ralph Thomas SABINE , Killed in Action, 28 October 1915 .

Alfred John SMITH , Died of Wounds, 14 July 1918.

Joseph SOLOMON , Died of Accident, 4 October 1918.

Harold Rowton STEVENS , Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

 

 

Phillip Stanley TATNELL , Killed in Action, 3 August 1917.

Howard Hedley TAYLOR , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

Richard TAYLOR , Died of Wounds, 12 November 1917.

William TAYLOR , Died of Wounds, 10 April 1918 .

William Fairbairn TEMPLE , Killed in Action, 30 March 1918.

James Robert George TERRY , Died of Wounds, 27 April 1917 .

John Charles THOMPSON , Killed in Action, 10 November 1915.

John Arthur THOMSON , Died of Wounds, 8 November 1917.

Kenneth Stanley Willis THORN , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

 

 

Eric Arnold WADE , Killed in Action, 25 July 1916.

Harvey Thomas WAKE , Died of Disease, 2 November 1918.

Arthur Plenderleith WALKER , Died of Wounds, 13 July 1918.

James Robertson WALTERS , Killed in Action, 30 April 1918.

William WATTS , Died of Wounds, 22 July 1917.

Wilfred Allen WHITE , Killed in Action, 3 September 1915 .

William Henry WHITE , Died of Wounds, 16 September 1915.

Wesley Frank WHITFIELD , Killed in Action, 25 September 1918.

Charles Calliope WILEY , Killed in Action, 7 June 1917.

Thomas Stanley WRIGHT , Died of Wounds, 8 May 1918.

 

Lest We Forget

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.
 

Further Reading:

11th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 11th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 26 October 2009 8:38 PM EADT
Bir el Mazar, Sinai, 17 September 1916, Idriess Account
Topic: BatzS - El Mazar

Bir el Mazar

Sinai, 17 September 1916

Outline

 

View of Mazar with the hills in the background
 
[H Maunder, January 1917.]

 

The following outline was extracted from the book written by Lindsay Baly, Horseman, Pass By, East Roseville, N.S.W.: Simon & Schuster, 2003, Ch. 6.

 

There was a Turkish garrison at Bir el Mazar, only twenty miles short of El Arish on the direct track, believed to be 2200 strong and made up of Romani survivors. It was decided to mount an attack on this on 17 September, but there was no water supply for horses between Mazar and Salmana and it was necessary to improvise one to avoid a dry round trip of 37 miles. The mid-September weather was still hot.

Seven hundred camels no less, each carrying a twenty-gallon fantass of water, were to rendezvous with Chauvel's troops ten miles east of Salmana on their return journey. This was only one oddity in this untypical and, in the end, controversial operation.

On 15 September, Chauvel's three Australian brigades marched to Salmana. They were sighted there on the 16th and machine-gunned by a German aircraft which no doubt informed the garrison at Mazar of its discovery. After dark, the 2nd Brigade, now once more under Brigadier General Ryrie and the 3rd Brigade under Royston, marched on Mazar while the 1st Brigade followed about seven miles in rear.

At dawn, Ryrie's 5th and 7th Regiments dismounted and advanced to within 700 yards north and west of the Turkish trenches. There was stiff resistance from enemy mountain batteries and rifles. The 3rd Brigade swept right round the position and began attacking it from the south and east so that the Turks were virtually defending on all sides, A battalion of the Imperial Camel Corps should have attacked with them, but was late due to a difficult passage through single-file gullies and soft sand.

That was the situation soon after daylight, according to Gullett's Official History. Despite the absence of the camels, all ranks were confident of carrying the position. They had carried harder ones. From this point, however, differences in reported events and perceptions appear in Gullett's account and Colonel Richardson's history of the 7th Regiment.

Richardson said the regiment was checked close to the Mazar ruins where the enemy was strongly entrenched in commanding positions, but it seemed possible to assault the place and preparations were in progress, Then the 7th received a message that the 3rd Brigade had been held up and was withdrawing. 'Some of their troops crossed our frontage and being in close formation, received concentrated fire from the enemy and sustained a number of casualties. Our field guns had opened fire, but although the enemy were firing in plain view from our position, and messages were sent to that effect, no attempt was made to shell them.'

Gullett said that the ANZACs' field guns had not up to this time come into action, but Richardson said he saw them firing. According to Gullett, Royston had advised Chauvel of his 'unfavourable view of the project' and after the 3rd Brigade had been held up for 'nearly three hours', at 7 am Chauvel decided to break off the engagement. But Richardson sounds as it the 3rd Brigades withdrawal was a surprise to him: he was not preparing to leave, but was preparing to assault the enemy. This begs the question of whether the 7th got the message to break off at the same time.

When the order did come, the 7th could not leave the front line until they got a man, badly wounded in the abdomen, away in a sand cart. In the rescue three more men were wounded and 'our casualties for this ineffective little action were 1 killed 5 wounded: and two men subsequently died of wounds'. Richardson was not happy. 'As no bivouac had been indicated, it was presumed that Ge' Ella would be the place, but we arrived there only to find it deserted. Much trouble was experienced watering the horses from buckets and at 8 p.m., it was decided to return to Salmana.' He concludes:

The Mazar stunt was most strenuous and tested the endurance of men whose vitality had been greatly decreased by the fighting, fatigue and heat of the last few months'. One suspects he wanted to add, 'for nothing'.

Gullett acknowledges the engagement was always afterwards referred to in terms of strong disapproval by regimental officers who participated. Not only officers. Idriess says, 'We retired at midday furious about it all, certain that a determined gallop would have ridden down the redoubts ... We swore at the Heads, whomever they might be. With this little lot, we should have eaten Mazar.'

It seems that different beholders, Rashomon-like, interpreted the same things in different ways, and as a whole the abortive battle could be seen in two ways. Either as an unimportant sideshow, not worth the sacrifice of any more lives, or, however it was, the Light Horse should not have been committed if it was not intended to win. The withdrawal diminished their proud service.

Chauvel has absolute right to the last word. He had categorical orders from General Lawrence that if 'the garrison was not taken by surprise and overrun in the first rush, he was to consider the operation a reconnaissance in force and withdraw'. On no account was he to seriously involve his brigades. When 'Galloping Jack' Royston, the last man in the army to vacillate before unfavourable odds, look a poor view of his chances after being held up for three hours, Chauvel s duty was clear to him. He would doubtless also have been influenced by the wretched prospects for his wounded, so far from aid, should the engagement prove expensive. He acted, and a commander in battle does not argue his case.

But there could be no equivocation over the scheme for watering the horses. It was a shambles.

That the 700 camels were in place and on time says something for the project, but the watering of 3000 desperate horses calls for expert handling, experience and skill. The Light Horse had their own methods and equipment, in which long canvas troughs were instrumental, but the supply camels carried only buckets. At one or two horses per bucket, it seems an entangling, burdensome method, even with quiet and biddable animals.



Additional Reading:

Bir el Mazar, Sinai, 17 September 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1919

 


Citation: Bir el Mazar, Sinai, 17 September 1916, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 28 September 2009 9:41 AM EADT
The Desert Mounted Corps, Roll of Honour
Topic: AIF - DMC

DMC

Desert Mounted Corps

Australian Imperial Force

Roll of Honour

 

Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men known to have given their lives in service of Australia during the Sinai and Palestine Campaigns, 1916 - 1919.

 

Roll of Honour

1st Australian Light Horse Brigade Headquarters, Roll of Honour

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

5th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

6th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

7th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Imperial Camel Corps, Roll of Honour 

14th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

15th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Lest We Forget 

 

 

Further Reading:

Desert Mounted Corps

The Desert Mounted Corps, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Desert Mounted Corps, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 26 September 2010 2:31 PM EADT
Australian Service Personnel, Photograph Albums, Trooper Edward John Culloton Photograph Album
Topic: AAC-Photo Albums

Australian Service Personnel

Photograph Albums

Trooper Edward John Culloton Photograph Album

 

Edward John Culloton

 

256 Private Edward John CULLOTON, a 27 year old Contractor from Walkaway, Western Australia. He enlisted on 23 October 1914; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

He served with the Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, "B" Squadron, which embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A47 Mashobra 17 February 1915.

The complete photograph album of Lieutenant William Lang is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Edward John Culloton Photograph Album

 

 

Further Reading:

Australian Service Personnel, Photograph Albums

Australian Light Horse

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Australian Service Personnel, Photograph Albums, Trooper Edward John Culloton Photograph Album

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 3 May 2011 5:36 PM EADT
Friday, 25 September 2009
2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Contents
Topic: AIF - 2B - 2 LHMGS

2nd LHMGS, AIF

2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron

Contents


2nd LHMGS Shoulder Patch

 

 

2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron

In July 1916, all Regimental Machine Gun Sections were to be excised and brigaded to form a Machine Gun Squadron. The 5th, 6th and 7th Machine Gun Sections were combined to form the 2nd Machine Gun Squadron under the command of the Brigade.

 

Structure

The Australian Light Horse – Structural outline

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle

 

Corps

Desert Mounted Corps (DMC)

 

Division

Anzac Mounted Division

 

Brigade

2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade

 

Squadron

2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron

2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Nominal Roll

 

History

Romani

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 1st LHMGS, AIF, War Diary Account 

Bir el Abd

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 2nd LHMGS, AIF, War Diary Account

Bir el Mazar

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 2nd LHMGS, AIF, War Diary Account

 

 

Roll of Honour

2nd Australian Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Roll of Honour

Lest We Forget

 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 2nd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 19 October 2009 8:46 PM EADT

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The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

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