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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

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Tuesday, 1 December 2009
Aboriginals in the AIF, A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth by Major WO Mansbridge
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

Aboriginals in the AIF

 A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth

 Major WO Mansbridge

 

In 1911, Major WO Mansbridge of the 84th Infantry (Gold-Fields Regiment) wrote the following brief essay called A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth Military Journal with the aim of promoting the recruitment of the indigenous population in the defence forces. The article reflects the feelings of the time amongst those of European origin and should be seen in that context. The essay was published in the January 1912 edition of the .

Mansbridge, WO, A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth, Military Journal, January 1912, pp. 99 - 100.

 

Having lived for some years in the northern portions of the Commonwealth, it has suggested itself to me that some use could be made of the aboriginal native for our purposes. With that end in view, I beg to submit suggestions whereby his services could be utilized, and I am of the opinion that he would become a very useful ally in case of an invasion in those parts.

Approximately there are 50,000 aboriginal natives in the northern portion of the Commonwealth, and one so often hears the question - What can we do for them or with them?

I have a remedy which would not only be beneficial to the individual native, but make him also of some use to the country, as at present he has not any object in life save that of wandering aimlessly around his own particular territory, and this is undoubtedly a wilful waste of human energy. Therefore, why not turn it into our own channels and make them useful, firstly, by providing the male member with instructions in the use of arms; secondly, by engaging the women folk in one or more of the dormant industries indigenous to the soil?

I am well aware that many will argue that the aboriginal native has not yet reached that standard of civilization to understand, much less to assimilate, any instruction or teaching in that direction; yet, after some years' residence in the sub-tropical parts of Australia, the writer is of opinion that both the male and female aboriginal are amenable to order and discipline. His whole life in his savage state is one of warfare with his neighbour, and from birth the embryo warrior is taught the use of his particular arms-the spear and boomerang: and at all times is instilled into him by the elders of the tribe the necessity of being a “man." He is a hunter not only of game, but of men. Their blood feuds with adjacent tribes have been handed down from time immemorial. He has a keen eye, and is inured to hardships, which means much to make an efficient soldier. The stringent discipline of the elders over the young buck is very marked, and it would be necessary to direct this training into our own channels to make him serviceable. With regular rations he quickly becomes contented, and would be of incalculable value in case of an invasion in those parts and any one acquainted with him would be aware of his animosity to anything pertaining to the Orient.

To find the worth of raw and savage levies we have only to look back to very recent times.

In the initial stages of the scheme I would not suggest the concentration of the whole in one locality, for the reason that each tribe has its own admitted territory and hunting grounds. Reserves in the vicinity of these could be proclaimed; camps established where men would undergo training, and until such time as they became sufficiently educated to remain within their own sphere (after the trainees had realised the advantages of their training) there would be no difficulty in concentrating any numbers, be they from North Queensland, Northern Territory, or Kimberley (Western Australia).

The matter of "putting the question" to the native would have to be in the hands of experienced bushmen, assisted by civilized natives. However, I do not anticipate any difficulty in gathering them in.

The matter of clothing would be a minor detail. Kilt, shirt, and cap would be all that was required.

As to the women folk, those who have been amongst the aboriginal nitres will fully recognize the attachment of the man for his woman, and as the young buck is allotted companion when about twenty-one years of age, I do not suggest that they be put apart-in fact, any effort in that direction in the initial stages would weaken the scheme; therefore, not to unduly burden the scheme with extra provision for the female, I propose that she be employed in opening up the several dormant industries indigenous to the soil, such as cultivation of "kapok" and the culture of the "spider silk." The work of both being of a light nature is well adapted to native female labour, with the prospects of developing an export trade in both commodities. Then again the climate and soil are favourable for the introduction and cultivation of cotton, coffee, rice, &c., all of which would provide employment for the women.

In offering these suggestions I have of necessity introduced the commercial aspect for the reason that in any scheme for training the aboriginal native to be successful it would be unwise to have the sexes separated. My suggestion is, therefore, to have both in the one compound, the man being taught the use of the arm, and the woman taking an interest in the industries named.

I am aware that there are many seeming difficulties in the way, yet with time these would be overcome, with the results-protection and development of the country's resources by its' aboriginal folk, a thriving export trade, and a contented and happy community.

 

Further Reading:

Aboriginals in the AIF

The Light Horse

Australian Light Horse Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Aboriginals in the AIF, A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth by Major WO Mansbridge

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Friday, 11 December 2009 5:09 PM EAST
General Service Reinforcements, Roll: R - Z
Topic: AIF - DMC - GSR

GSR, AIF

General Service Reinforcements

Roll: R - Z

 

The following is a composite alphabetical roll of all those Light Horse General Service Reinforcements who are known to have embarked overseas during the Great War.

Each man is listed with:

Service Number

Rank at Embarkation

First Names

Family Name

If applicable, the false name used

 

Each entry is linked to a specific Embarkation Roll which contains the following details:

Rank on embarkation;

Full name of the soldier

Declared age of the soldier;

The last occupation held;

The last address as a civilian;

Enlistment Date; and,

Fate.

 

Embarkation Roll: R - Z

 

52740 Private Cecil Albert RABY.

51849 Private Alan Harvey RACKHAM.

57260 Private John Henry RACKLEY.

57558 Private Wilfred John RADFORD.

52843 Private Norman Robert RALSTON.

57291 Acting Corporal Eric James RANDALL.

57014 Private Harold Julian Wilberforce RAPHAEL.

57551 Private George Morris RAPP.

50356 Private Lewis RAYMOND.

64843 Private Alexander REDDEN.

52844 Private David REDFEARN.

52891 Acting Sergeant George William Melrose REECE.

56923 Private Bertie REED.

64727 Private Cyril Laver REGG.

50264 Private Reginald David REID.

64507 Private Sidney Bloomfield Wilson REID.

50457 Private Louis Clifton REIFFEL.

64844 Private John Creek Federation REILLY.

56922 Private Wylie Norman RENAUD.

57013 Private George Edward Henry RENWICK.

64091 Private George Albert Victor REYNOLDS.

57115 Private James Edmund REYNOLDS.

R812 Private Neil Standish REYNOLDS.

64939 Private Allan Cameron RICHARDSON.

57344 Private John Leigh RIDGWAY.

64897 Private Victor Milton RIDGWAY.

64376 Sergeant William James RIDOUT.

57015 Private William RILEY.

64509 Private Henry RISELEY.

50458 Private William Clyde ROACHE.

64508 5 IR Percy ROBART aka Percy ROBERTS.

50522 Private Harold William ROBBINS.

64728 Private Jack ROBERSON.

64377 Private Bob ROBERTS.

50278 Private Harry ROBERTS.

50506 Acting Corporal Louis Clifton ROBERTS.

56924 Private Pompey ROBERTS.

57192 Private Noel Raphael ROBERTSON.

64730 Private Noel Tertius ROBERTSON.

57456 Private Robert Valentine ROBERTSON.

57346 Private Archibald Clarke ROBINSON.

64925 Private Edward Walter ROBINSON.

64015 Private Thomas Henry RODWELL.

64378 Private Hector Edwin ROFF.

56925 Private Charles Albert ROGERS.

64090 Private Benjamin Albert ROLLES.

64726 Private Arthur Percival Markham ROOKE.

52742 Private Ralph Allan ROPER.

57196 Private William Francis ROPER.

64283 Private Alan Clifton ROSE.

57761 Private Frank ROSE.

52741 Private Raymond Charles ROSE.

64510 Private Thomas William ROSE.

64845 Private Andrew Roy ROSS.

64846 Private Malcolm ROSS.

64379 Private Spencer Liddle ROSS.

52946 Private Robert Henry ROSSENDELL.

64869 Private Hurtle Peters ROWE.

50355 Private Stanley Charles ROWE.

57345 Private Ewan Sutcliffe ROWNTREE.

50357 Private Frank ROYSTON.

52845 Private Arthur James RUSSELL.

64927 Private William Ian RUSSELL.

57038 Private Alexander RUTHVEN.

64729 Private Charles Ernest RUTTER.

57197 Private George Stephen RUTTER.

52846 Private Dermot De Moulin RYAN.

64848 Private Joseph Edmund RYAN.

57347 Private Malcolm Martin RYAN.

57262 Private Patrick RYAN.

50474 Private Philip Peter RYAN.

 

50359 Private Henry SAMPSON.

57016 Private Charles Leslie SAMUEL.

56273 Acting Corporal William Ernest SANDERS.

64735 Private Jack SANDERSON.

64738 Private Herbert Arthur SANSOM.

52749 Private Herbert Frank SATCHELL.

64380 Private Arthur Victor SAUNDERS.

50459 Private Leslie Hardwick SAVAGE.

57457 Private Carl Oswald SCHULTZE.

64094 Private Charles Edwin SCHULZ.

56932 Private Joseph Henry SCHUMACHER.

50481 Private Cyril James SCOTT.

56407 Private Felix Frank SCOTT.

57033 Private George Thomas William SCOTT.

64252 Private James Barr SCOTT.

57116 Private Robert Victor SCOTT.

52903 Private Theodore Edwin SCOTT.

50460 Sapper William Reynolds SCOTT.

57349 Private Raymond Theo SEABROOK.

64511 Private Alfred SEXTON.

64512 Private Gerald Brian SHANLY.

64731 Acting Corporal Abraham Kenneth SHANNON.

52744 Private Arthur Joseph SHARP.

64381 Private David Benjamin SHIP.

52932 Private Leslie William SHOLL.

64940 Private Claude Edward SHONE.

64734 Private Harry SIMES.

64513 Private Francis Augustus Ernest SIMMONS.

64514 Acting Corporal Arthur James SIMPSON.

64732 Private Frederick SIMPSON.

64733 Private George Gordon SIMPSON.

57458 Private James William SIMPSON.

50461 Private Kenneth SIMPSON.

64515 Private Archibald SINCLAIR.

52748 Private George SINCLAIR.

64561 Private Francis John SINGLETON.

57263 Private Arthur Ernest SKELLERN.

R797 Private James Patterson SKENE.

64737 Private Bertie Gordon SLADE.

50519 Private William Stafford SLATER.

64574 Private Wilfred Raymond SLEE.

64281 Private Arthur Lacey SMEED.

57296 Private Arthur James SMITH.

53264 Private Augustus Lionel SMITH.

64382 Private Charles SMITH.

57139 Private Charles Thomas SMITH.

64095 Private Chisholm Ross SMITH.

57541 Private Clement Campbell SMITH.

54510 Private Edward Joseph SMITH.

50268 Private Ernest Gilbert SMITH.

57350 Private Frederick Marbrook SMITH.

56926 Private George Edward SMITH.

57514 Private George Frederick SMITH.

64391 Private Herbert John SMITH.

64544 Private Howard Henry SMITH.

64516 Private John Patrick SMITH.

64009 Private John Patrick SMITH.

64926 Private Mervyn Dundonald SMITH.

64930 Private Stanley Edward SMITH.

56951 Private Terence SMITH.

64542 Private William Robert SMITH.

52904 Private Robert Cecil Mclennan SMYTH.

57542 Private David George SMYTHE.

64553 Private Albert John SNOW.

57252 Private Thomas William SOMERVILLE.

64563 Private Clifford Henry SOUTHCOMBE.

57264 Private William John SPALL.

64253 Private Walter Oliver SPENCER.

57265 Private John Henry SPRINGER.

57354 Private Hubert SPURWAY.

50523 Private Herbert William STACY.

64759 Private John Harold STAFFORD.

52763 Private Lot STAFFORD.

52743 Private William Henry George STAFFORD.

64383 Private William STAGG.

64384 Private Oscar Rywong STAINES.

52746 Private Edward Dalby STANIFORD.

50280 Private Alexander STANLEY.

57038 Private Harold STANTON.

64008 Private Eriv Gunner STEN.

50266 Private Augustus William STEPHAN.

50267 Private Herman William Frederick STEPHAN.

57459 Private William John STEPHENS.

64849 Private Mac STEWARD.

57133 Private Alexander STEWART.

56931 Private John Ernest STILL.

64899 Private Stanley George STIRLING.

57117 Private George James STODDART.

64385 Private Roy Henry STOKER.

52847 Private George Frederick STOKES.

64389 Sapper Thomas STONELEY.

64386 Private Douglas Graham Norman STOODLEY.

64517 Private Robert Joseph Leo STOREY.

52745 Private Walter Frank STOWE.

50462 Private James STUART.

64092 Private James Irwin STUART.

56928 Private Eugene STUBBERSFIELD.

64570 Private William Henry STUBBINGS.

57018 Private Roy Edward STURGISS.

64518 Private John Charles SULLIVAN.

52848 Private Robert SUMMERFIELD.

57266 Private Alexander Frederick SUTHERLAND.

64390 Private Alexander Joseph SUTTON.

64519 Private Arthur Harold SUTTON.

57017 Private Jack Memall SUTTON.

57460 Private John SUTTON.

64096 Private Oscar George SUTTON.

57165 Private William George SUTTON.

52747 Private Norman Daniel Reginald SWAIN.

57351 Private Alan Cleghorn SWALES.

64520 Private George William SWALLOW.

64521 Private Ernest Albert SWAYN.

64387 Private Edward SWAYSLAND.

57353 Private James Joseph SWEENEY.

57164 Private James Morris SYMONS.

57461 Private Eric Frank TABOR.

 

57198 Private John TACHON.

57926 Private Harold Benjamin TALBOT.

57019 Private John Francis Donohoe TAMPLIN.

64098 Private Ernest Dean TAYLOR.

57176 Private Frederick John TAYLOR.

64097 Private Herbert Amone Robert TAYLOR.

64392 Acting Corporal Richard TAYLOR.

50463 Private Walter Edward TAYLOR.

57267 Private Gideon Barry TELFORD.

64011 Private Alexander Mcdonald TERRY.

64573 Private William Francis TEYCHENNE.

50361 Private Roy Herbert Spencer THEW.

64742 Private James THICK.

50365 Private Arthur Ernest THOMAS.

57217 Private Harold Arthur Rhys THOMAS.

64393 Private Herbert THOMAS.

57462 Private Matthew Septimus THOMAS.

64522 Private Charles Samuel THOMPSON.

57463 Private Harold James THOMPSON.

64523 Private Harold Vincent THOMPSON.

57199 Private Roderick THOMPSON.

64394 Private Charles Stuart THOMSON.

64541 Private George Crawford THOMSON.

64900 Private Percival Stapleton THOMSON.

52905 Private Ronald Campbell THOMSON.

64524 Private Wilfred John THORNLEY.

50546 Private Sydney Leopold THORNTON.

50364 Private Martin James TICEHURST.

50362 Acting Sergeant Arthur TIERNEY.

57648 Private William James TIGHE.

64739 Private John Davison Clyde TILLMAN.

52850 Private Frederick TINNING.

52750 Private Albert Harold TOBY.

64242 Private William James TOSELAND.

57355 Private Edgar Thomas TOWNSEND.

57119 Private Percy George TREW.

64855 Private Stanley George TRITSCHLER.

50464 Private Charles Walter TROMP.

52862 Private George Addison TROTT.

52751 Private Cecil TUCKER.

52851 Private Dixon TURNBULL.

57515 Private Charles Selbourne TURNER.

57121 Private Ronald Ward TURNER.

64741 Private Samuel John TURNER.

64099 Private Thomas Alfred TURNER.

 

57516 Private Walter Clifton UNDERWOOD.

64525 Private Norman William UNTHANK.

57122 Private Frederick George UNWIN.

64526 Private George Edward UNWIN.

64396 Private Charles Walter UPTON.

64397 Private Harry Norman UPTON.

52852 Private James Clarence UREN.

 

52921 Private Marines Cornelus VAN DER KAADEN.

50465 Private George Knox VEITCH.

57180 Private Norman Edgar VENNING.

52853 Private Alfred Henry VEVERS.

57123 Private David Corbett VINERCOMBE.

64295 Private Stanley VINEY.

52658 Private Benjamin Von SENDEN.

 

57465 Private William WADSWORTH.

50467 Private Henry WAITE.

57357 Private Alfred Stanley Billingsley WALKER.

64398 Private James Farquarson WALKER.

Second Lieutenant John Reginald Halloran WALKER.

64401 Private Robert Lancelot WALKER.

64106 Private William George WALL.

50468 Private William WALLER.

50274 Private Callaghan Baird WALSH.

64013 Private Arthur WALSH.

64527 Private Charles Edward WALTERS.

64850 Private David Gordon WALTON.

50370 Private William Leslie WARBURTON.

57024 Private Ernest John WARD.

52661 Private George WARD.

57201 Private William WAREING.

64103 Private Allen Hamilton WARNER.

52854 Private William Charles WARR.

57467 Private Arthur Thomson WARTMAN.

57466 Private Alfred WASER.

50366 Private John Thomas WATKIN.

50369 Private Horace George WATKINSON.

64547 Private George Charles WATSON.

56954 Acting Corporal George John Mollsworth WATSON.

57468 Private John Alfred WATSON.

64851 Private Kenneth Maconochie WATSON.

57268 Private Percival Frederick WATSON.

57469 Private Leonard WATT.

52771 Sapper Bernard Hamilton WATTS.

50472 Private Frank Cecil WATTS.

50371 Sapper Harold WATTS.

57025 Private Francis Beauchamp WAYGOOD.

57124 Private George WAYMAN.

64743 Private Dudley John Duckenfield WEAVER.

64528 Private Richard Jules WEBB.

57034 Private Thomas WEEKES.

57356 Private Albert Horace WEEKS.

64852 Private Hezekiah Joseph Cameron WEEKS.

64101 Acting Corporal Richard Harrington Seymour WELLS.

57181 Private Harry WENHAM.

64744 Private Albert WEST.

57035 Private Asher Ebenezer WESTCOTT.

50469 Private William Henry WESTON.

57162 Private Samuel John WHALLAND.

50367 Private Claude Leopold Randolph WHEELER.

57040 Private George Lance WHEELER.

64529 Driver Frederick Stephen WHELAN.

64254 Private Ernest James WHELLER.

52660 Private Lionel Simons WHEREAT.

64399 Private Hector Redvers WHITAKER.

57020 Private Peter Thomas George WHITELEY.

57543 Private Frederick Gerard WICKENDEN.

64104 Private George WILKIE.

64530 Acting Sergeant Andrew Thomas WILKINSON.

64100 Acting Sergeant Clement Quinton WILLIAMS.

50378 Private Geoffrey Innes WILLIAMS.

57358 Private Gerald Davey WILLIAMS.

52855 Private Harry Edward WILLIAMS.

64403 Private John Francis WILLIAMS.

64747 Private Joseph George WILLIAMS.

64532 Private Arthur Leslie WILLIAMSON.

64108 Private Stanley Garnet WILLIAMSON.

64533 Private William Leslie WILLIAMSON.

57955 Private Frederick Samuel WILLIMOTT.

52948 Private Max WILLING.

64255 Private Carl John WILLINGTON.

64402 Private William George WILSHER.

64297 Private Albert Arthur WILSON.

57126 Private Arthur Ernest WILSON.

64746 Private Charles WILSON.

64534 Private George Harold WILSON.

64557 Private Hugh WILSON.

57934 Private John WILSON.

52856 Private Kevin WILSON.

57218 Private Lisle Christian Palliser WILSON.

57470 Private William Egar Gordon WILSON.

62373 Private Edward William Richard WILSON.

50269 Private George Meredith WILSON-GREEN.

52906 Private Philip WINDLE.

64854 Private John Henry WIRGES.

64258 Private Albert Clement WITHERS.

55704 Private Arthur Stanley WOMERSLEY.

57202 Private George Henry WOOD.

57471 Private Albert Watson WOODBURN.

64400 Private William WOODCROFT.

64102 Private Claude Clifton WOODLAND.

50374 Private Malachie WOODLOCK.

64298 Private Charlie WOODS.

64901 Private Gus Raymond WOODS.

64535 Private Lawrence Albert WOODS.

53110 Private William James WOODWARD.

57474 Private George Griffiths WOOLCOTT.

57022 Private William WOOLRIDGE.

56970 Private Henry Richard WORTHINGTON aka Henry Richard DERRETT.

57023 Private Hilton WRAY.

50471 Private George Henry WRIGHT.

64536 Private Reginald George WRIGHT.

56953 Acting Corporal William James Lockrey WRIGHT.

57036 Private David James WYKES.

57269 Private Allan Carswell WYLES.

50520 Private John WYMAN.

50368 Corporal John Harrington WYNN.

 

64902 Private Ronald Albert YARD.

64116 Private James YOUNG.

 

64749 Private Stanislas ZLOTKOWSKI.

57037 Private Frederick Beno ZOBEL.

 

Further Rolls:

Roll: A - C

Roll: D - J

Roll: K - Q

Roll: R - Z

 

Sources Used:

National Archives Service File.

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

Collected Records of Steve Becker.

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

General Service Reinforcements, AIF

General Service Reinforcements, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: General Service Reinforcements, Roll: R - Z

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 16 December 2009 10:15 AM EAST
Sunday, 29 November 2009
The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, New Zealand Infantry Brigade War Diary
Topic: BatzG - Anzac

The Battle of Anzac Cove

Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

New Zealand Infantry Brigade War Diary 

 

War Diary account of the New Zealand Infantry Brigade.

 

The following is a transcription of the War Diary of the 4New Zealand Infantry Brigade, of their role in the landings at Anzac on 25 April 1915.

 

25 April 1915

The Goslar sails for Kaba Tepe at 9 am which then was preceded by the majority of the Transport conveying Infantry Brigade at 1 pm. The ship passed the south of the Dardanelles where the landing of the 29th Division of Cape Helles covered by the guns of the Allied Fleet was witnessed. The Goslar arrived off Kaba Tepe at 3 pm had succeeded in getting ashore at daybreak and was then holding the high ground had made east of beach and north of Kaba Tepe where they are suffering severely from Turkish shell fire. Infantry Brigade had landed out of the Transports piece meal and had then directed by companies and half companies into places where they were most required. At the moment Brigade Headquarters landed on the beach about 5 pm which we were informed that Brigadier General HB Walker, Brigadier General, General Staff of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps had taken over temporary command of the Brigade vice Colonel Fullarton on the ????, Headquarters joined the Brigadier General on the Plateau 224 H4. The situation was then as follows - Brigade Headquarters and Otago Battalion on the Plateau, Canterbury and Auckland Battalions very much intermingled with Australian units were in the front line of ?????? covering the landing. The Wellington Battalion was still on board. The troops landed were without support from any field guns. Artillery support from the Navy was first quite inadequate owing largely to the novelty of the conditions and the difficulties of observation and communication. Consequently infantry suffered severely from enemy shell fire. Between 5.45 pm and 6 pm the Otago Battalion had suffered 30 casualties on the Plateau from shell fire. Headquarters were without any information as to the disposition of the units in the front line but during the evening received several messages the general thrust of which was that the casualties were very severe everywhere that the lines had considerable gaps - then that the men had stood much punishment and were seriously disorganised. It was represented to Divisional Headquarters that the landing of field guns during the night was an absolute necessity if the position was to be maintained. During the night there was a great deal of firing and the Turks attacked in several places but the line was nowhere broken.

26 April 1915

The enemy's guns again opened with remarkable accuracy along the plateau and landing place. A Mountain Battery had been brought up to the plateau the evening before soon picked up the hostile batteries. The burst of that shrapnel gave the line to the Queen Elizabeth which succeeded in silencing the batteries for several hours.

During the night of the 25th and 26th the Wellington Battalion less half a company which was sent to extreme right of position - landed and came under the orders of Divisional Headquarters as General Reserve. Thus the whole Brigade, "A" Echelon consisting of personnel, tools, water receptacles and ammunition (200 rounds per man) were ashore. It was decided as far as possible to relieve the Auckland Battalion from the front line and concentrate it on the Plateau. Its place to be taken in the front line by ½ Otago Battalion who were to be under the orders of Colonel Maclagan.

Two companies Canterbury Battalion under Major Loach who had succeeded Lieutenant Colonel Stewart (killed in action) had gone the previous evening to reinforce 33 men of various units under Captain Salmonson who reported he was hard pressed on extreme left of line was ascertained to be holding a spur on 237 X7. The Auckland Battalion less a large number of men mixed up in other units was concentrated by the evening. The Otago Battalion less 2 Companies did not succeed in reaching the front line and entrenched in a nullah for the night. During the day it was decided to reorganise into sections. The night passed quietly on the Plateau but there was a determined attack on the Australians on the night which was repelled.


 

War Diaries

All War Diaries cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, NZEF Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, New Zealand Infantry Brigade War Diary

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Tuesday, 13 April 2010 10:12 AM EADT
Saturday, 28 November 2009
4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Topic: AIF - 4B - 4 LHR

4th LHR, AIF

4th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Contents

 

4th Light Horse Regiment Colour Patch after February 1917

 

The 4th Light Horse Regiment was formed as Divisional Cavalry for the Australian Division. The recruits were drawn in large part from the Melbourne metropolitan area although the balance of men came from all seven Militia Regiments within the 3rd Military District which incorporated all of Victoria and part of Southern New South Wales.

 

Structure

The Australian Light Horse – Structural outline

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle

 

Corps

Desert Mounted Corps (DMC)

 

Division

Australian Mounted Division

 

Brigade

Imperial Camel Corps - units

4th Light Horse Brigade

 

Regiment

4th Australian Light Horse Regiment

 

History

Beersheba

Men who possibly charged at Beersheba - 4th LHR

Bourchier, CO 4th ALHR, account about the fall of Beersheba

4th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

2639 Tpr Arthur Wilson Beatty account of Beersheba

 

Routine Orders

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

4th LHR Routine Order No 171, 17 June 1915

 

Embarkation

Full Roll

Roll: A - C

Roll: D - F

Roll: G - J

Roll: K - L

Roll: M - Q

Roll: R - S

Roll: T - Z

 

Individual Rolls

Headquarters Section Wiltshire Group
Headquarters Section Anglo Egyptian Group 

"A" Squadron Wiltshire Group

"A" Squadron Anglo Egyptian Group 

"B" Squadron Wiltshire Group

"B" Squadron Anglo Egyptian Group 

"C" Squadron Wiltshire Group

"C" Squadron Anglo Egyptian Group

Machine Gun Section

1st Reinforcement

2nd Reinforcement

3rd Reinforcement

4th Reinforcement

5th Reinforcement

6th Reinforcement

7th Reinforcement

8th Reinforcement

9th Reinforcement

10th Reinforcement

11th Reinforcement

12th Reinforcement

13th Reinforcement

14th Reinforcement

15th Reinforcement - Katuna Group

15th Reinforcement - Anchises Group

16th Reinforcement

17th Reinforcement

18th Reinforcement

19th Reinforcement - Mongolia Group

19th Reinforcement - Themistocles Group

20th Reinforcement - Malwa Group

20th Reinforcement - Port Sydney Group

21st Reinforcement - Clan Maccorquodale Group

21st Reinforcement - Nestor Group

21st Reinforcement - Hymettus Group

22nd Reinforcement - Clan Maccorquodale Group

22nd Reinforcement - Ulysses Group

23rd Reinforcement

24th Reinforcement

25th Reinforcement

26th Reinforcement

27th Reinforcement - Suevic Group

27th Reinforcement - Boorara Group

28th Reinforcement - Port Lincoln Group

28th Reinforcement - Themistocles Group

28th Reinforcement - Kyarra Group

29th Reinforcement - Anchises Group

29th Reinforcement - Kyarra Group

30th Reinforcement - Commonwealth Group

30th Reinforcement - Nestor Group

31st Reinforcement - Ormonde Group

31st Reinforcement - Ulysses Group

32nd Reinforcement

 

Roll of Honour

4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Lest We Forget

 

Further Reading:

4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour  

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 18 January 2010 11:54 AM EAST
The Australian Light Horse, Militia and AIF, Mounted Rifle Tactics, Part 1, Preface
Topic: AIF - Lighthorse

The Australian Light Horse,

Militia and AIF

Mounted Rifle Tactics, Part 1, Preface

 

Cape Mounted Rifleman

[Drawing from 1904 by Richard Caton Woodville, 1856 - 1927.]

 

The following series is from an article called Mounted Rifle Tactics written in 1914 by a former regimental commander of the Cape Mounted Riflemen, Lieutenant-Colonel J. J. Collyer. His practical experience of active service within a mounted rifles formation gives strength to the theoretical work on this subject. It was the operation of the Cape Mounted Riflemen within South Africa that formed the inspiration for the theoretical foundations of the Australian Light Horse, and was especially influential in Victoria where it formed the cornerstone of mounted doctrine. 

Collyer, JJ, Mounted Rifle Tactics, Military Journal, April, 1915, pp. 265 - 305:

 

Preface

[by Colonel Sir George Aston, K.C.B., late Brigadier General, General Staff, South Africa.]

South Africa has been called the home of the mounted rifleman.

Whilst it would obviously be inexpedient to apply purely local experiences to the conduct of the mounted arm under different conditions, and in countries not of a similar nature, it would be foolish entirely to ignore the lessons learned in South Africa. This, as we all know, is a country of vast expanses affording wide views, a country of rocky kopjes and krantzes, and of open veldt intersected by deep nullahs and sloots. M, any years of surface denudation have produced special conditions. The low ground affords good going for the horseman, while the kopjes, and even the tops of gentle undulations, are entirely denuded of soil, and consist of rocky outcrop, affording good cover for the rifleman, but uncommonly bad going for his horse. It is of fighting in such a country that this article treats.

Then, again, the course of lectures, upon which the chapters of this essay have been based, were delivered to South African officers destined to train mounted troops of a special nature; not regulars, but citizen soldiers who receive about four years' cadet training, followed by three weeks' recruit training and three subsequent annual trainings, each of about a fortnight. Under these conditions it was considered that arme blanche tactics, mounted, would be quite out of place in the course of instruction.

Colonel Collyer treats his subject under two headings. Chapters I. to V. deal with the tactics of mounted riflemen, and Chapter VI with reconnaissance. Chapter VII, on the bayonet for use by mounted riflemen [The chapter in question has already been published as a separate article in the Commonwealth Military Journal (see p. 135 of the issue for January, 1914), and is therefore omitted.] on foot, has been added in order to put before others the result of several very interesting discussions at Bloemfontein during the year 1912. These discussions were spread over several weeks, and amongst the speakers were numbered many officers who led troops successfully on both sides in the late war. British officers, Boor generals whose names figure frequently in the histories, Staats Artillerie officers, and others took part and made their points for and against the bayonet. At the close of the discussion a proposal to arm the Citizen Mounted Riflemen of South Africa with the bayonet was put to the vote, and was carried with hardly a dissentient voice.

Taken as a whole, these chapters show the lines upon which the training of the mounted branch is being conducted in South Africa, and they should be of interest in other parts of the world, as well as in South Africa itself.

 

Previous: The Light Horse

Next: Part 2, Contents

 

Further Reading:

The Light Horse

Australian Light Horse Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Australian Light Horse, Militia and AIF, Mounted Rifle Tactics, Part 1, Preface

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 10 December 2009 9:17 AM EAST

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The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

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