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Saturday, 3 April 2010
Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Contents
Topic: Tk - Bks - 1/33IR

The Battle of Anzac Cove

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915,

Contents

 

 

Items

Outline

Officers commanding in the 33rd Infantry Regiment

 

Maps

Map detailing the placement of 1/33 IR, 25 April 1915

Map detailing the placement of 1/33 IR, 25 April 1915 - Part 2  

Map of attack at Anzac involving 33rd IR, 27 April 1915  

The situation at Anzac, 1 May 1915

 

 

Diary

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 2 

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 3 

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 4

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 5 

 

Roll of Honour

1/33rd IR Roll of Honour, April 1915 

Lest We Forget

 

Further Reading:

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

1/33rd IR Roll of Honour, April 1915  

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, Turkish Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 5 April 2010 1:17 PM EADT
The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, Fred Waite Account, Part 2
Topic: BatzG - Anzac

The Battle of Anzac Cove

Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

Fred Waite Account, Part 2 

 

New Zealand  and Australian Division Headquarters

[From: Waite, p. 90.]

 

In 1919, Fred Waite, a Gallipoli  veteran and hero with a DSO [Citation: "For gallantry and devotion to duty in connection with the operations at the Darddanelles (Mediterranean Expeditionary Force). On the night of 2-3 May 1915 during the operations in the neighbourhood of Gape Tepe for gallantry and resource in rallying his men, and leading them forward at critical moments."] finished his work on the Gallipoli Campaign called The New Zealanders at Gallipoli,  which was published by Whitcombe and Tombs Limited in Christchurch. This forms part of the New Zealand Official War history series. It is from this work this extract derives.

 

Fred Waite, The New Zealanders at Gallipoli, Christchurch , 1919, pp. 86 - 101

 

Chapter VII.

The First Week.



No one had slept during the night. Re-embarkation was suggested, but a conference was held and the Generals decided to hold on. The men made strenuous efforts. Those not actually fighting were employed making roads up Maclagan's Ridge in the centre, and up Walker's Ridge on the left, in order that the guns might be man-handled up to the positions selected by the artillery commanders.

The stern of the horse boats dropped in the water makes an inclined plane down which the gun is manhandled. The country was too rough for horses, but fifty men on a rope can overcome most obstacles.

About midnight, three companies of the 15th Battalion, 4th Australian Infantry Brigade, arrived and were sent up to reinforce the 1st Australian Division away on the right. They had been hardly pressed just before sunset, and orders were given that all available troops were to support the covering force (the 3rd Australian Infantry Brigade) as they arrived, and to connect up with the New Zealand Infantry Brigade on the left. During the remainder of the night, platoons and companies of the Wellington Battalion of the New Zealand Infantry Brigade, and of the 13th, 15th, and 16th Battalions of the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade, were brought ashore.

The troops arrived in very irregular order—some from one ship and some from another. As each platoon or company came ashore, it was immediately despatched, under the senior officer present, to support the right flank, where the 1st Australian Division was most hotly engaged. The result was that units of both divisions became hopelessly mixed up, and it was several days before they could be disentangled.

By 3 a.m., the whole of the Australian 13th Battalion had arrived. The bulk of it was held temporarily in reserve. One and a half more companies of the Wellington Battalion now occupied Plugge's Plateau, above the beach, and half a company had been sent off to join the 1st Australian Division on the right. By 5 a.m., the remaining company of the Wellington Battalion had arrived, and by 6 a.m., a section of the New Zealand Howitzer Battery was brought ashore, and gladdened the heart of every infantryman as it came into action at the foot of Howitzer Gully. “Boom!” went the howitzer. “The guns, thank God! the guns!” murmured the tired soldiers.

 

Shrapnel Gully.

The Turk quickly realized that the valley running from behind Hell Spit deep into the centre of Anzac must be the channel of communication. His gunners were so assiduous that it was quickly christened Shrapnel Valley. The top of this valley was afterwards known as Monash Gully.

The glory of the spring was still on the Peninsula. Birds sang in the bushes and the fragrance of crushed wild thyme perfumed the morning air. Patches of red poppies glowed in the sheltered open places. Draped around the prickly scrub were festoons of wild honeysuckle. But down in the bottom of Shrapnel Valley was a dreadful sight. The moist earth in the old creek bed had been ploughed into mud by thousands of hurrying feet. Soldiers, in their eagerness to get forward, had thrown off their kits and equipment, and there the debris lay, punched and trampled into the mess. Dead mules were scattered about in helpless attitudes. Every few yards one met soldiers—their clothes torn by rock and scrub, their bodies mangled by bullet and bomb—stumbling down that Valley of Death to have their wounds dressed at the casualty clearing stations. A steady stream of stretcher bearers carried back limp forms; shrapnel burst high in the air; machine guns spluttered; mountain guns barked; the crash and rattle of musketry never ceased as the echoes rolled round the myriad hillsides. High over all, black specks up in the sky, but watchful as of old, the vultures gathered together, knowing full well that blood was being spilt.

The drumfire down at Helles boomed all day. The old battleships, with their big guns, raked the Turkish positions, while the big 15-inchers of the “Queen Elizabeth” roared loudly above the great roll of gunfire. The moral support afforded by this ship was incalculable. “Good old Lizzie,” the soldiers shouted, as her great guns spoke. Optimistic always, the men looked continually for signs of the British and French advancing from Cape Helles. When the second day's battle was at its height, the cry was raised, “Cease fire! the English troops are here,” but it was only a ruse of the Turks—and the musketry battle resumed its violence. Cries of “Cease fire” and “Retreat” shouted in English, caused at first a momentary wavering, but soon the Colonial soldiers realized the deceptions, and the would-be deceivers shouted commands in vain.

 

The End of the Second Day.

The second day crept to a close, and our lines were hourly being made secure. Units were inextricably mixed, but, roughly, the Australian Division held the line south of Courtney's Post, while the N.Z. and A. Division held Courtney's and all northwards of it.

No man thought of rest: to work was salvation.

On top of a big yellow mound at the head of Monash Gully there was a rough cross, inscribed, “Here lie buried twenty-nine soldiers of the King.” Two of these men—one an Australian of the 14th Infantry Battalion, the other a sapper of the New Zealand Engineers—had been found just below the fatal crest of Courtney's Post, with their arms still clasped around each other's waists. As they lay among the scrub, those poor lifeless bodies seemed symbolical of the new spirit that had grown up on the Peninsula. While in Egypt, the Commonwealth and Dominion soldiers had their little differences; but the first two days on the Peninsula swept away all the little jealousies and the petty meannesses. Every man helped his neighbour. There was no question of corps, or rank, or colour. By common trials, a common suffering, and a common interest, Australian, Indian, and New Zealander realized they were brothers in fact, as in arms. These first two days made great things possible within the Empire. The experience of those sweet sensations of brotherhood will be cherished and handed down as one of the priceless gifts of Anzac.

The New Zealand machine gun sections experienced a particularly trying time. They were attached to individual battalions and were not fought as a unit. The Auckland guns were pushed forward with their battalion, and somewhere at the head of Monash Gully were so hard pressed that they had to abandon one gun, which was retrieved from its hiding place two days after. The Otagos also came under a very hot fire. They, too, abandoned a gun, but never regained it, as an Australian party found it and consistently refused to give it up! Right through the campaign the Otago Regiment were one gun short, fighting only three guns.

The Wellington gunners were heavily punished on April 27. They evidently pushed too far forward in their eagerness to get at the Turks, but snipers picked them off one by one, until the officer was killed and the whole of the personnel disabled, except one lad who was acting as ammunition carrier.

Gradually the field artillery got their guns from the barges, and with long ropes manhandled them to their almost inaccessible positions. Tracks were cut on the hillsides, rough jetties were improvised, and dugouts were constructed. Mostly these were holes in the ground big enough for a man and his mate to get nearly into. A waterproof sheet served as roof, and when it rained, as it did nearly every night, the waterproof sheet collected and deposited on the occupants whatever water had fallen in the catchment area.

Washing became a lost art. Mirrors were converted into periscopes. The previously spic-and-span New Zealand Army grew dirty-faced, unshaven, and ragged looking.

The rum ration was a boon at this time, as it engendered a little warmth, and enabled one, if off duty, to get a little sleep. “Stand-to” was at 4 o'clock, half an hour before dawn, when the entire force in the trenches and on the beach stood to arms in readiness for an attack.

 

The First Landing at Suvla.

The front line having been made fairly secure, attention had to be turned to the flanks. A glance at the map will show Nibrunesi Point, near Suvla Bay, about four miles to the north of Ari Burnu, and Gaba Tepe about two miles south. On both these promontories the Turks had look-outs, from which their observers spotted the effect of artillery fire. As with glasses they could see all that occurred in Anzac Cove, it was considered necessary to destroy both look-outs.

For the Gaba Tepe cutting-out expedition Australians were detailed. Nibrunesi Point was assigned to the New Zealanders. Three officers and fifty men of the Canterbury Battalion (13th Westland Company) and an officer and two N.C.O.'s of the N.Z.E. were employed.

The party left Anzac Cove in the dark early one morning and steamed up the coast in a torpedo-boat destroyer. The plan was to land on the northern side of the Peninsula and work upwards to the highest point—Lala Baba. Two destroyers came close in and commanded each side of the Peninsula, whilst the old “Canopus” stood further out to sea and supported the whole. If the Turks at Anafarta behaved badly they would receive chastisement by the guns of His Majesty's Navy.

The observation post itself had some attention from the big ship the day before; but it was not known whether opposition would now be met with. The instructions were to destroy the station, get any prisoners for the Intelligence Officers, and to seek for and destroy a gun that the naval airmen had reason to suspect was being placed there.

The party got ashore without mishap. Day had now broken, and in three groups the attackers crept up the gullies towards the crest. It was a dewy morning, and the fresh, clean smell of the Turkish meadow flowers mingled with the scent of the wild thyme crushed with the soldiers' hobnailed boots.

The place seemed deserted. There was a traversed trench just below the crest. Most of the troops had jumped it, when—crack! crack! crack! broke on the morning silence. Down dropped the Westlanders; then rushed back to the trench, and there, in the sunlight, was the picture—the trench full of squirming Turks, and standing over them with threatening bayonets the gallant boys from Greymouth. Johnny Turk had been caught napping, and the initiative of the New Zealand private soldier had sealed his fate. It was then realized that the few Turkish phrases laboriously learned did not convey much to the terrified prisoners. They quickly decided that the proper thing to do was to throw all their arms out of the trench—and out they came, rifles, knives, and even safety razors. The poor Turkish wounded lay groaning in the bottom of the trench, while the unwounded, on their knees, murmured “Allah! Allah!” and passed their hands mechanically from their foreheads to their breasts and back again. A few men were left to get the wounded and prisoners down to the boat; the remainder scoured the Suvla flats in full view of the Turks on the Anafarta hills.

Three small houses proved to be empty, but in them were found the kits of the guard; in one, the cells of a telephone instrument, with which the garrison communicated with their headquarters at Anafarta. The wire was cut, and a slab of guncotton placed in each of the houses to demolish them.

The gun position was located, but there was no gun mounted. The dead Turks were covered over in their own trench, the charges in the houses were fired, and the party, with captured papers and prisoners, re-embarked without mishap and returned at noon to Anzac.

Thus was the first landing at Suvla carried out successfully by New Zealanders without a single casualty.

The Australian attempt on Gaba Tepe was most unfortunate. The Turks at this place were not caught napping. As at Helles, barbed wire ran down into the water and machine guns enfiladed the landing place. After sustaining many casualties, the party withdrew, and the Turkish post on Gaba Tepe remained a thorn in the side of Anzac until the evacuation.

 

The Nerve-Centre of Anzac.

A walk along Anzac Cove was full of interest and incident. The little landing beach—a shelving strip of shingle, only twenty-five yards wide—was never safe, but in a measure it was protected from shrapnel by the height of Plugge's Plateau and the two ridges running down towards Hell Spit and Ari Burnu. The Cove became the nerve-centre of Anzac: nestling under the low cliffs on the beach were the Headquarters of the Army Corps, the hospital of the Field Ambulance, the Ordnance and Supply Depots.

General Birdwood had located his Army Corps Headquarters in the little gully debouching on to the centre of the beach. Close by were the naval shore parties with their wireless plant for maintaining communication with the fleet; the Headquarters of the Australian Division were tucked away a little further up the gully.

The southern extremity of Anzac Cove was christened Hell Spit. Jutting out into the water, this point got the benefit of fire from both of the flanks. Here were situated the engineers' stores of explosives and materials; working parties sent for wire, sandbags or timber, did not dwell too long in the vicinity. Close by, under the sandy cliff, the mule drivers of the Indian Supply and Transport had made their little dugouts—the waves of the Ægean lapping their very thresholds. At the foot of the track leading over the spur to Shrapnel Valley were the dressing stations of the Australian Ambulance, with their little Red Cross wharf from which the wounded were evacuated. Just opposite Army Headquarters some of the many stranded barges were made to serve as landing stages for great quantities of bully beef, jam and biscuits, which, placed in high stacks, gave some protection from the shells constantly arriving from the Olive Grove and Anafarta. Hereabout the water barge was also moored; the water being pumped ashore into tanks.

 

The New Zealand Sector.

The beach north of these stores was allotted to our Division. A little gully running up to the foot of Plugge's Plateau gave excellent cover for the New Zealand battery of 4.5 howitzers—the first New Zealand guns to get ashore, and the only howitzers at that time on the Peninsula. In those early days, infantry carrying parties were constrained to rest awhile in order to observe the shell pursue its lobbing course over Maclagan's Ridge towards the distant target.

At the foot of Howitzer Gully were the New Zealand Ordnance Stores—for a time the most frequented place in Anzac. Fresh water was unobtainable for washing purposes. Continual washing of clothes in salt water made all undergarments very hard, so down to the Ordnance would the soldier go to procure new shirts and socks. Here, also, were piles of captured rifles and ammunition, and a pathetic heap of kits which had been thrown away during the first advance and since collected. A one-time famous old wrestler stood guard over these kits, and one had to establish an undeniable claim before the property was handed over. Very many of the kits were never claimed, being stained with the life-blood of those impetuous spirits who had established the Anzac line.

The mule lines of the Indian Transport Corps ran along the beach in front of Divisional Headquarters. Close by, the dressing station of the New Zealand No. 1 Field Ambulance caught the streams of wounded that flowed down Howitzer Gully and from Walker's Ridge. Out in front of the hospital squatted an Indian mule driver, who spent most of his time clipping mules. Between his bursts of singing in a minor key he would cry, “Hair cut, sixpence!” The soldier, who by this time realized that more than snipers took advantage of cover, would sit on the sandy bank and have his hair cut short by the mule clippers.

The northern extremity of Anzac Cove never received an English name, but was always known as Ari Burnu. The beach north of this point was unsafe for traffic in the daytime, as it was within easy range of Turkish snipers. A few hundred yards along this stretch of white sand were two or three stranded boats—boats that had run in there on the day of the landing, but were stove in and their crews killed by hostile fire. There they lay, a pitiful sight, out in the glare of the noonday sun. To avoid this piece of dangerous beach by day, a communication trench commenced in Anzac Cove along by the wireless station near Ari Burnu. This trench doubled back across the point, running out towards Mule Gully and Walker's Ridge, eventually becoming part of the “Big Sap” that led towards the extreme left flank.

Land was valuable at Anzac, particularly land that was safe. The parts that were exposed could not be used for dugouts or stores, so were set apart as cemeteries. Here, on the point of Ari Burnu, between the Big Sap and the sea, New Zealanders who were killed near Anzac Cove were carefully carried after dark and buried by loving comrades.

 

The Tragic Lack of Hospital Ships.

If there was one thing that showed our unpreparedness for war on a large scale, it was the neglect to anticipate accommodation for wounded. This did not apply only to the New Zealanders—British, French, Colonial and Indian suffered alike. The regimental medical officers and stretcher bearers did more than mortal men could be expected to do. But a man hit up on Walker's Ridge or at the head of Monash Gully, after receiving his field dressing at a sheltered corner of a trench or in the regimental aid post, had to be carried in the heat, down bullet-swept valleys and along the dangerous beach. Here the surgeons and orderlies of the Field Ambulances redressed the wounds, gave the men something to eat and drink, and placed them out of the sun, away from the torturing flies. Even in these Field Ambulance dressing stations men were not immune from the shrapnel which swept the beach. The Turk could not be blamed for this, as we had, of necessity, to place our hospitals wherever there was room. Streams of men constantly arrived, some walking, many on stretchers—Zionists with tears streaming down their faces, determined Colonials and pathetic-looking Indians—wounded in our cause, now separated from their fellows, and miserable because they could not understand the sahibs' language.

When night came, the picket boats would move into the little Red Cross wharves, and the wounded men were carried to the barges. When a tow was ready, the picket boat started on its journey for the hospital ship or transport. The high ground surrounding Anzac Cove ensured that bullets clearing the crest went many hundred yards out to sea. Some days, when Turkish firing was brisk, the sea was whipped into a white foaming line where the bullets splashed angrily into the water. Through this barrage of singing bullets the Red Cross barge must go. Picket boats or trawlers could not dodge from place to place like soldiers in Monash Gully, so they had to risk it, and take it in their course.

Outside the range of these “overs” were the waiting ships. The hospital ships proper had good appliances for handling wounded. A long box would be lowered over the side, the man and the stretcher placed bodily into it, and hauled up on to the deck, where he was seized by waiting orderlies and whisked away to wards for a diagnosis, a hot bath, some very necessary insecticide, and a meal to suit his particular needs. But the hospital ships soon became overcrowded. Hundreds of men were accommodated on the decks without cots. They did not complain. They came to the war voluntarily, and took what was coming to them as a matter of course. Ask a sorely wounded man if he wanted anything, and if it was not a drink of water, it would be a laconic “Have you got a green?” He seemed more annoyed with the ration cigarettes than he was with the Turk.

Presently the cry would be, “Ship full!” and the next load would be taken to an ordinary transport, dirty, full of vermin, and entirely unsuited for handling wounded. But it had to be. Nothing better was offering. So the wounded men—tossing about on the barge, seasick, with their clothes stiff with blood and their heads burning with the fever resulting from wounds—were hauled up with the improvised tackle to the dirty decks of the transport. There were few medical officers. Some came from the overworked and understaffed field ambulances ashore, and laboured like galley slaves against the tremendous inrush of broken men. Naval surgeons and dressers left their battleships and toiled heroically among the wounded Colonials. But there were not enough doctors to do a tenth of the work. In the old British way, we were paying for unpreparedness with the flesh and blood of our willing young men. On one ship, the only man with any knowledge of medicine was the veterinary officer, who, assisted by clerks and grooms of the waiting Echelon B, saved dozens of lives by prompt and careful attention. So, with a score of men dying on each ship every night, the transports crept with their cargoes of human wreckage to the port of Alexandria—the hospital ships going on to Malta, Gibraltar, or even England. In Egypt, great emergency hospitals were opened, and everything possible was done to alleviate the dreadful suffering of the heroic and uncomplaining soldiers of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, AIF, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, Fred Waite Account, Part 2

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 15 April 2010 9:30 PM EADT
The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, Turkish Official War History Account
Topic: BatzG - Anzac

The Battle of Anzac Cove

Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

Turkish Official War History Account

 

Plate 14.

[Click on plate for larger version.]

 

In 2004, the The Turkish General Staff Directorate of Military History and Strategic Studiesand Directorate of Inspection Publications in Ankara published a ground breaking text on the Gallipoli campaign. This was the first time the story could be told for an English speaking audience from a Turkish point of view. The book was called A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ÇANAKKALE CAMPAIGN IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR, JUNE 1914 - JANUARY 1916). The account is structured to appeal to a Turkish audience as it is a conflated and modest translation of the Three Volume Turkish language version. While it has many failings, it was an important contribution to the understanding of the campaign as seen by the Turkish forces at the time and in perspective. 

The Turkish General Staff Directorate of Military History and Strategic Studiesand Directorate of Inspection Publications, A Brief History Of The Çanakkale Campaign In The First World War (June 1914 - January 1916), Ankara, The Turkish General Staff Printing House, 2004, pp. 67 - 77.


Ariburnu Landings



E. Ariburnu Landings: the Battles and the Operations That Lasted Until the end of May 1915

1. Preparations and the Operation Plans of the Sides in the Anafartalar Region

a. The Reconnaissance and Security Formations of the 9th Division on the Shoreline (Plate: 14)

As a result of Liman von Sanders's evaluating the actual landing sites as secondary to the Anatolian side, the defense of the 35 km shoreline extending from Azmak Creek, in the north of Ariburnu, to Seddulbahir was left to the power of the 9th Division.

According to the plan devised a battalion affiliated to the 29th Regiment was positioned in the northern sector of the division's area of responsibility. Some units of the 29th Regiment were scattered along the 12 km shoreline between Azmak and Camtepe. The main force was kept intact in the western sector of Eceabat.

The commander of the battalion considering the importance of the Kabatepe shoreline, as it provided an appropriate landing ground, had rightly positioned his reserve forces to 1.5 km to the east of Kabatepe.

A battalion and a company affiliated to the 26th Regiment were reconnoitring the shoreline between Kumtepe and Zigindere, the reinforced 3rd Battalion was positioned in the Seddulbahir forts between Tekeburnu and Morto Port; the 2nd Battalion, on the other hand, was positioned in Kanlidere. (Plate: 14)

The 25th Regiment that was reinforced with the inclusion of an artillery company was being kept intact, in the environs of the Sarafim Farm, to be used against the expected landings on the Kabatepe and Seddulbahir regions.

As for the 19th Division, Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal (ATATURK) who was in charge of the division was positioned as reserves in the environs of Bigali and Maltepe. (Plate: 14)

The division was given rather hard and peculiar task of defending the area against landings to be launched from Saros, Anatolian shores, and from the southern sector of the peninsula.

 

Plate 15.

[Click on plate for larger version.]

 

b. The Landing Plan of the ANZAC

(Plate: 15)

In General Hamilton's plan the ANZAC troops, consisted of two corps of Australians and New Zealanders, and the 2nd Contingency Fleet were given the task of landing in the Ariburnu region.

 

Organization 6

[Click on plate for larger version.]

 

(Organization: 6).

For an effective surprise landing the first landing was to be performed during the night. The whole corps would advance forward rapidly, paralyze the defense lines, then seize the hills dominating the strait, and marching over to Eceabat line would protect the northern flank of the forces landing on Seddulbahir region.

The plan was also suggested the breaking of the connection of the Turkish Forces with the shoreline; and the issuing of further orders from the General Headquarters for an attack on the Kilitbahir Plateau.

The main characteristic of the plan. was that it was a reflection of the despising and optimistic attitude of the English, as it did not give importance to the factors like range, time, topology, and the strength and the willpower of the defense units. Nevertheless, the realities of the battlefield would eventually clarify the reasons of disappointments.

 

2. Ariburnu Landings of April 25, 1915, and the First Phase of the Battles on the Shore

a. The Beginning of the Landings landing site on April 25, 1915, by 01:30.

The first wave of attack directed towards Kabatepe was launched at 03:00 by a force of 1500 soldiers.

However, an hour later they have realized that they were drifted north and landed on the shores of Ariburnu instead of Kabatepe shores.

 


Plate 16.

[Click on plate for larger version.]

 

b. The First Phase of the Shore Battles and the Intervention of

Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal, the Commander of the 19th Division, the Landings and the Combats Before Noon (Plate: 16)

The English who landed on the shores of Ariburnu, instead of Kabatepe to their dismay, met with the heavy fire of a small Turkish unit composed of two squads.

The ANZAC troops with the shock of not surprising the Turks could hardly took refuge in the slopes of Ariburnu in utter disorder.

This small Turkish unit continued its resistance despite their being surrounded on both sides, and kept their positions in the Haintepe against the landing ANZAC troops. Only the squad leader and a few soldiers were saved.

Meanwhile, the 3rd platoon of the 8th Company, positioned in the upper ridge, suppressed the English landings with heavy flank fire, following the sunrise the batteries positioned on the ridges of Kabatepe and Palamut started to fire.

The clashes between a handful of Mehmedjiks and two battalions of ANZAC troops were intensifying in Ariburnu by 05:00. While the English battleships were bombarding the area between line Palamutluk ridges - Topgu ridges- Conkbayirf and the shore, the landings intensified and the 3rd Australian Brigade took its positions on the Ariburnu shoreline as of the early hours of the day.

Although the strong ANZAC troops that threw over the resisting weak security forces captured Kanlisirt, the intensive resistance of the Turkish company and the battery positioned on Kabatepe forced them to stop. However, as the time passed by, the weak Turkish units fighting immolatingly, despite their heavy losses, had to withdraw in front of the superior ANZAC forces. There remained no infantry units in Ariburnu or on the ridges in the rear echelons. The English who managed to land almost a division on the site was left unconfined to march over the direction of Conckbayiri.

In the meantime, an ANZAC battalion marching over the Balikci ports was stopped by a decisive resistance of a platoon affiliated to the 8th Company.

The same platoon that managed to stop the landing of an Australian company, and resisted the following attacks finally gave many casualties as the clashes around him were continuing drastically. The superior ANZAC troops managed to seize the Cesarettepe and started reaching over the dominant terrain. The platoon decided to cross over the southern ridges of Conkbayiri and continue resistance. The decision taken excels praise, when the topology, the general condition of the platoon and the complexity of the clashes are considered carefully.

The 27th Regiment that returned from a night exercise, 24/25 April, tired was woken up with the sound of the first gunshot. The commander Lt. Col. Sefik (Col. Aker) alarms his regiment at once.

The commander was of the opinion that the ANZAC troops were to be stopped before the security lines on the shore are broken.

The Commander of the 9th Division, finding the argument consistent issued the following order at 05:00.

"The English are landing their troops on the shores of Ariburnu and Kabatepe. The 27th Regiment taking the mountain artillery positioned on Camburnu under its command should move towards Kabatepe."

Although it may be asserted that the Commander of the 9th Division was hesitant and late in issuing the orders, when the general position and the scope of its area of responsibility are considered carefully it becomes evident that he needed time for the clarification of the situation.

The 27th Regiment set out upon receiving the orders immediately. Information received by phone stated that the ANZAC troops landed two battalions on the shores of Ariburnu, there were severe clashes in the region, the landings were continuing ceaselessly, and that the ANZAC troops seized Kanlisirt, Kirmizisirt, and the other ridges in the northern sector of the region. When the regiment arrived in the environs of Kemalyeri, they have heard the gunshots from Conkbayiri; and observed that the mobile Turkish units positioned on the Duztepe - Conkbayiri axis were trying to delay ANZAC actions.

The Commander of the 27th Regiment, who did not want the spreading and marching of the ANZAC troops over a wider area decided to launch an attack on the Kemalyeri - Merkeztepe line. After a short preparation he launched the attack by 06:00.

Meanwhile, the 9th Division informed that the 57th Regiment of the 19th Division was moved to Kocacimen, and ordered the 27th Regiment to establish contact with the 19th Division.

The attacks of the 27th Regiment had intensified and the ANZAC troops in the Karayurek Creek had been destroyed thoroughly. The moving of the units of the 19th Division towards Conkbayiri was a gratifying incident. Thus the English landings were curbed from the north as well.

There was an interesting moment during the attack of the 27th Regiment. "The Mehmedjiks who were making their way in a dense heath changed their dirty clothes with clean ones, and thus prepared themselves spiritually for the highest rank possible: martyrdom."  This in fact was the affirmation of how Mehmedjik was respectful to religious faith, and their deeming the necessity of being clean as they were dying immolatingly for their country.

The Commander of the 27th Regiment sending his report on the position of the ANZAC troops and his plan of attack asked Mustafa Kemal, the Commander of the 19th Division, who had launched an attack on Conkbayiri, to coordinate the maneuvers.

The development of the maneuvers changed the fate of the peninsula as Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal took the initiatives in his hands at a moment when the critical situation extended as far as Conkbayiri from his own encampments.

Mustafa Kemal upon receiving reports from the 77th Regiment, in Maltepe, and from the 9th Division pertaining to the landings and intensive bombardment of the region alarmed his division. Ordered the cavalry company to reconnoitre the Kocacimen sector, which was the key point of the region, and to resist the enemy till the end if need be.

Actually Kocacimen and Conkbayiri nearby were the most dominant hills in the region. If they were to be lost, the defense of the strait would have been put to risk.

Upon not receiving of orders from the army, Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal taking all the initiative in his hands, leaving his two regiments and his Chief of Staff in Bigali, ordered the 57th Regiment under his command to get ready for an operation.

Thus he was not only positioning his troops in the key points of the region before the English, but also was giving the commander of the army the opportunity to use the reserve troops wherever he deemed necessary. The Commander of the 19th Division informing the 3rd Corps about the situation directs the 57th Regiment towards Kocacimen at 08:00. The Regiment is given a rest for 10 minutes (Plate: 16).

As soon the Commander arrives Conkbayiri he observes the approaching ANZAC troops and comes face to face with the withdrawing Turkish units. It was a highly critical situation. He orders the withdrawing troops (those who survived the attacks in the Balikci ports) decisively:

"Why are you withdrawing? One does not yield in front of the enemy; one does fight with the enemy. If you are out of ammunition you have your bayonets. Fix bayonets, take your positions!"

Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal's taking the command just on time showed its effect immediately, as the ANZAC troops were stunned by the positioning troops, and the ANZAC troops took shelter. Thus, very precious time was gained, and the first echelons of the 57th Regiment arrived the scene marching, and held one of the key points of the region, Conkbayiri hill, before the English arrived.

This event is immediately followed by a short order to the 57th Regiment to attack on the hill with elevation 261. Mustafa Kemal in his order says,

"I am ordering you to die! There will be new forces and new commanders to reach and assume your positions while you are dying."


Upon hearing this decisive order the Regiment attacks on the ANZAC troops despite intensive and hellish fire from the fleet. Soon Mehmedjiks destroyed the ANZAC units and achieve their target.

General Hamilton describes the Turkish attack saying,

"The pregnant mountains are continuing to give birth to Turks. They were pressurizing our positions in the highest and most central sectors like a series of unending waves."


Upon receiving information from the 9th Division that the 27th Regiment was engaged in a battle with the English on the west of Kemalyeri, Mustafa Kemal ordered 27th Regiment "to continue its attacks on the right flank of the English" as he was already engaged in battle with the 57th Regiment on the left flank of the English, and wanted the Commander of the 27th Regiment to get in touch with him.

Thus, the dense atmosphere prevailing Ariburnu was temporarily recovered as the English landings were engulfed tightly from the both flanks. The commander of the 19th Division who was not satisfied with the acquired status, ordered 72nd and 77th Regiments, he had left behind in Bigali region, to complete their preparations for marching over Ariburnu in no time.

The ANZAC troops had to withdraw from the hill with elevation 261. Thus, under the prevailing developments in the Conkbayiri region the danger was delayed and a very critical moment was overcome.

An English writer writes the following for the Ariburnu attacks of the day:

"The worst encounter of the operations for the Entente Powers was the presence of this intelligent small ranking officer (Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal) at the right moment at the very right spot (Conkbayiri). Because, otherwise the ANZAC troops could have captured Conkbayiri that day, and the future of the battle might have been determined at that moment."


The Commander of the 19th Division finds the opportunity to complain and convey his previous suggestions he made to the army for pushing the ANZAC troops in Ariburnu back into the sea by all the forces of the division before their landing, that were somehow turned down, to the command echelons of the 3rd Corps on his meeting with the Commander of the 3rd Corps Esat Pasha who landed in Maltepe via Kilye Port.

His suggestions were found to be reasonable and timely by Esat Pasha. He appoints Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal as the Commander of the Anafartalar Front. Moreover, Esat Pasha orders the pushing of the ANZAC troops back into the sea by taking the 27th Infantry Regiment under the command of the division.

Upon receiving of orders the Commander of the 19th Division issues his orders saying, "the Division, including the 27th Regiment will attack on the withdrawing English." To this end he orders the joining of the 77th Regiment in the attack on the left flank of the 27th Regiment, and he himself would march over Conkbayiri with the 72nd Regiment to support and reinforce the 57th Regiment. (Plate: 16)

Thus preparations for an attack had begun with four regiments. However, as the 72nd Regiment arrived Conkbayiri by 16:30 the attack was delayed for the next day.

Under the light of the circumstances discussed above, it would not be just to criticize the 19th Division's not attacking in the morning of April 25 with its three regiments. Yet, Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal had managed to enclose the English landings into a small region in Ariburnu with his initiative without waiting for orders to come.

 

Plate 17.

[Click on plate for larger version.]

 

The Battles in the Afternoon

(Plate: 17)

The 1st Australian Division that had completed its landings was fighting with its two brigades, and the third brigade was being kept as reserve.

The landings of the 2nd Australia and New Zealand Division were accelerated.

The attacks of the 27th and the 77th Turkish Regiments were developing steadily despite the intensive bombardment of the English Fleet. The attack of the 57th Regiment on the left flank from Conkbayiri was occasionally coming to a stop in the face of the effective oblique fire of the fleet.

Meanwhile, the 57th Regiment that was reinforced with the coming of a battalion affiliated to the 72nd Regiment takes the Duztepe Ridges on Conkbayiri back from the enemy after a decisive man-to-man combat. As the night arrives the clashes come to an end.

The 27th Regiment that was advancing from the left flank was marching over Kirmizisirt and Kanlisirt. The clashes occurred here were also severe; in front of the bayonet attack launched by the regiment with the echoing of the prayer "Allah, Allah" the ANZAC troops were dissolved and withdrew. Thus the hills known as Kanlisirt were taken back.

On the other hand, the attacks of the 77th Regiment, that was responsible from extending the left flank of the attack launched by the 27th Regiment, could not have been expanded as desired. Although the Regiment captured the Albayrak Ridge it could not go any further and lost contact with the 27th Regiment.

To sum up, as a result of the successful attacks of the 27th and the 57th Regiments against one-and-a-half division of the ANZAC forces, the eastern sector of the hill with an elevation of 180, eastern sector of the Kanlisirt, Kanlisirt, and the Albayrak ridge were taken back from the enemy; thus, all the plans of the English were rendered useless.

They were way far back from their imaginary targets: western ridges of Kabatepe - Kocadere, Conkbayiri - Kocacimen line.

A strong and big ANZAC was confined in a narrow strip on the shore tightly.

The forward echelons of the 1st Australian Division also suffered from heavy losses. They were so demoralized that the dispersed groups and the wounded coming from the fronts all flocked on the beach.

General Birdwood who was amazed at the intimidated faces of the exhausted troops could not help writing General Hamilton that "all the troops will have to retreat." The situation was extremely serious.

The pushing of a force equivalent to a corps under the supporting umbrella of a fleet by the 19th Division back to the sea was a genuine fiasco for the English landing on Ariburnu Front and for the general lay out of the plans they had devised.

General Hamilton, who called for a meeting aboard the headquarters ship at 23:00, off the coast of Ariburnu, discussed withdrawal at length and upon learning that the 2nd Fleet was not ready for withdrawal they abandoned the plans.

Extremely strange lines were taking place in the order issued by General Hamilton after the meeting:

"You have survived the most difficult part of the mission. Your duty, from now on, until our security is established, is to dig trenches, dig trenches, and dig trenches."


As a matter of fact the order issued by the Commander-in-Chief had no importance as a tactical decision; but the idea the order relied on was reflecting the dilemma into which a command and control officer had fallen.

He was in fact leaving the developments in to their natural course.

It was the 19th Division, under the command of Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal, which pushed General Hamilton into such a dilemma. Only the 27th and the 57th Regiments, composed only of five battalions, of this division did not gave the English forces a chance to penetrate in the inner regions. The 19th Division successfully managed to push them back to their landing grounds and experience extremely fearful moments.

 

Plate 18.

[Click on plate for larger version.]

 

The Night Attack of the 19th Division, April 25/26

(Plate: 18)

The Commander of the 19th Division decided to launch another attack on the English, who were stuck in the environs of Ariburnu, and push them back into the sea before they recovered from the effects of the daytime attacks.

The attack came to a halt after the taking of the Kilictepe, the eastern sector of the hill with an elevation of 180 m, eastern half of Kirmizisirt, Kanlisirt, Albayrak ridges where the units lost many lives. However, the fatigued 27th and the 57th Regiments were eager to continue the battle as their morale was amplified by the success of the day.

The attack had begun in accordance with the plan devised earlier. The 57th Regiment recaptured the hill with an elevation of 180 m and they started to march over the Cesarettepe, and Sercetepe; however, the irregular formation of the terrain weakened the control of the troops that were scattered in the dense heath and the operation came to a halt. Upon the counterattack of the ANZAC troops, the Regiment had to withdraw back to the hill with an elevation of 180 m.

Although, definite developments have been achieved in the 27th Regiment's attacks and the whole of Kirmizitepe was seized, the Kanlisirt was abandoned as an outcome of an event occurred in the southern flank. This event stemmed from the deserting Arabian soldiers, who formed the most of the troops of the 77th Regiment. They had hidden themselves in the dense heath and upon the intensive bombardment of the English battleships they fled the battleground.

In fact, many Turkish soldiers and few young Arab soldiers had fought against the English bravely side by side.

The darkness of the night, the unending bombardment of the fleet, irregular formation of the terrain had increased the dispersion of the troops. The control was lost; everything was out of control. The random firing of the ANZAC troops and the deserter Arabs had adversely affected the units fighting in the southern sector of the 27th Regiment; and the beginning of the desertions have rendered this night attack useless.

For short, the attacks that evolved successfully during the daytime, April 25, could not have been repeated as a result of the crisis stemmed from the dissolving of the 77th Regiment in the evening of April 25/26; the 19th Division was thus put at risk.

 

3. The Battles That Took Place on the Shores of Ariburnu Until the End of April 1915

a. Local Maneuvers of April 26

After the withdrawal of the 77th Regiment, which was dissolved during the night attack in the evening of April 25/26, rendered the positioning of the units of the 27th Regiment who had captured forward echelons of the Kanlisirt tactically difficult, and even more it was impossible for them to stay there.

Yet, the battalion's withdrawal from this ridge on its own, and its withdrawal to the inner regions rather than the eastern sector was not appropriate at all.

The dissolving of the 77th Regiment had severely damaged the 19th Division's plans. Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal, upon hearing the dissolvings in the southern flank early in the morning, ordered the positioning of the 72nd Regiment to the weakened flank immediately, recovering of the 77th Regiment, and ordered the taking of all the measures to stop the deserters. The Chief-of-Staff of the division was sent to the 3rd Corps to ask for reinforcements. Upon realizing the late arrival of the two regiments of the Corps, the units were ordered to maintain their positions with extreme patience and vigor.

The English who started bombarding the Turkish positions heavily with their strong fleet in the morning of April 26, concentrated their fires especially on the 57th Regiment; and although they launched an attack on the western flank of the regiment, they were driven back with strong retaliation.

Likewise the Turkish units have also managed to maintain their positions against the English's attacks on the left flanks as well as on the positions in the center patiently and vigorously.

Staff Lt. Col. Mustafa Kemal says,

"It was an important day gained by our officers' and commanders' courage and vigor. I can say that my worst day was April 26. Because the force I had against five English brigades was composed of the 57th Regiment that suffered heavy losses during the unforgettable decisive attack on April 25, 27th and 72nd Regiments that were composed of two battalions each, and of the 77th Regiment that was incapacitated. In fact, this was the force that formed the backbone of the Ariburnu Front victory, broke down the courage of the English, and ruined their plans of occupation on April 25."


On the other hand, the only thing the English feared was that they did not know how to cope up with the expected Turkish attacks to be realized on April 26 with the inclusion of new forces. The ANZAC troops spent the night of April 25/26 under such a condition, and the only thing they could do was to minimize the effects of the Turkish attacks by small clashes.

Consequently, they could not have advanced through the gap created by the dissolving 77th Regiment, and seized Kanlisirt after observing it in extreme hesitation for along time.

The general situation of the 19th Division in the evening of April 26 was as follows:

The 57th Regiment positioned on the Duztepe-Inebayir line was blockading the sector leading to Conkbayiri; the 27th Regiment positioned on the line extending from Edirne Ridge to the eastern ridges of Karayurek Creek in the middle thus blockading region extending between Maltepe and Eceabat; the 72nd Regiment positioned in the southern flank was keeping the English flanks under pressure.

A unit, equivalent of a battalion, form the 27th Regiment was reconnoitering the Kabatepe shores; two companies affiliated to 77th Regiment were covering the Azmakdere - Ece Part sector; two companies of the 72nd Regiment were kept as reserve force; and the Division Headquarters was positioned in Kemalyeri. There were no serious clashes between the forces, with the exceptions of heavy bombardment of the fleet and minor clashes occurred in various places, on April 26.
 

 

Further Reading:

Lt-Col. Sefik Aker Account of the 27th Infantry Regiment at Anzac

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, AIF, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The  Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, Turkish Official War History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 16 April 2010 12:12 PM EADT
Friday, 2 April 2010
The First Battle of Wassa, Egypt, 2 April 1915, Outline
Topic: BatzO - Wassa

The First Battle of Wassa

Egypt, 2 April 1915

Outline

 

 

One of the many buildings destroyed during First Wassa.

 

First Wassa (also Wozzer or Wazzir), the appellation given to the first of two unheroic riots in the Haret el Wassa (the brothel quarter of Cairo, Egypt) involving troops from Australia and New Zealand. The initial incident occurred on 2 April 1915 (Good Friday), after units of the Australian & New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) received news that their period of training was at an end and that orders had been received for them to embark for long-awaited action. Causes of this disturbance reportedly lay in a desire to exact revenge for past grievances arising from dealings with the district's denizens-such as diluted liquor, exorbitant prices, and high rates of venereal infection-although wild rumours of stabbings of Anzac men by locals also appear to have played a part.

Trouble began soon after 5 p.m. when soldiers began evicting whores and their pimps into the street, and tossing their possessions out after them. Bedding, furniture and clothing-even pianos-were thrown from windows of buildings several storeys high. These materials were piled in the road and set alight. The town picket, drawn from the Australian 9th Light Horse Regiment, came on the scene and tried to clear the men out of the houses being attacked. Five arrests were made, although the crowd-growing larger by the minute refused to let these men be taken away, snatched rifles from some of the troopers and threw the weapons onto the fires, and succeed in freeing four of the prisoners.

British military police (MPs) were summoned, about 30 arriving on horseback to choruses of abuse and a shower of stones and bottles. An ill-advised effort by the MPs to gain control by firing their pistols, supposedly over the rioters' heads, resulted in the wounding of four men in the throng estimated at 2,000-3,000. This only served to further inflame matters, and forced the police to hastily withdraw. Efforts by the Egyptian fire brigade to douse the bonfires were also frustrated, its hose-lines being cut, its members manhandled (especially after they turned a hose onto the crowd), and the engine itself finally pushed into the flames.

Left to themselves, the more unruly elements began to loot some shops and put the torch to a Greek tavern. Shortly after 7 p.m. a second fire engine arrived, this time under cavalry escort which exercised extreme tact, and the various fires were tackled while a still sizeable crowd looked on. Since the `Wassa' was close by Shepheard's Hotel, where the Anzac commander had his headquarters, armed troops had also been called out. After Lancashire Territorials (non-regular British troops who were popular with the colonials) were drawn across the road, the rioters wisely began to disperse and order was eventually restored by 10 p.m.

A formal inquiry was convened the following day under Colonel Frederic Hughes, commander of the AIF's 3rd Light Horse Brigade, to investigate the causes of the riot and establish responsibility for its outbreak. Many New Zealand officers attempted to disclaim that their men had played any part, although the evidence of their presence was quite conclusive - the officer leading the Australian picket was adamant that `New Zealanders predominated'. In any event, nine-tenths of those present had been merely spectators. Apportioning blame was next to impossible, however, with few of the 50 witnesses able (or willing) to provide precise information. As the number of men injured by the MPs' bullets (three Australians and one New Zealander) was roughly in proportion to the size of the respective contingents, it could be said that the ‘honours' were about equally shared. So too was the damages bill of £1,700.

(See: The Second Battle of Wassa, Egypt, 31 July 1915.)

 

Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, pp. 100-101.


Additional References cited by Chris Coulthard-Clark:

Bill Gammage, (1974), The Broken Years, Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Suzanne Brugger, (1980), Australians and Egypt 1914-1919, Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press;

Kevin Fewster, 'The Wazza Riots, 1915', Journal of the Australian War Memorial, No.4, April 1984.

 

Further Reading:

The Battles of Wassa, Egypt, 2 April 1915 & 31 July 1915

Heliopolis Camp

Mena Camp

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The First Battle of Wassa, Egypt, 2 April 1915, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 1 April 2011 4:57 PM EADT
The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, AIF, Roll of Honour
Topic: BatzG - Anzac

The Battle of Anzac Cove

Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

Roll of Honour

Australian Imperial Force

 

Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men from the Australian Imperial Force known to have served and lost their lives during the Battle of Anzac, 25 April 1915.

 

Roll of Honour

 

Norman Edward ABERDEEN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur John ADAMS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Edgar Robert Colbeck ADAMS, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick James ADAMS, 8th Infantry Battalion.

John Knox ADAMS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Thomas ADAMS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Henry Burton ADCOCK, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Brenchley ADCOCK, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Angus Campbell AITCHISON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Wallace Bentley ALLEN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

John Bernard Conrad AMINDE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Carl AMOS, 1st Infantry Battalion.

James ANDERSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Edward ANDERSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Robert ANDERSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Harry ANGELL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

John Sinclair ANGUS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Richard ANNEAR, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Allan ANSELL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Harry ANTRAM, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Charles ARMSTRONG, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Alfred ASPINALL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Edwin Joseph AULT, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

Charles James BACKMAN, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Walter Henry BADGER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Davies BAGLEY, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie Charles BAILEY, 5th Infantry Battalion.

David BAIRD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Richard Hamilton BAKER, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred BALDWIN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Charles BALE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Rupert BALFE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William BANCROFT, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Elliot BANKS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Clement Aubrey John BARNARD, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander BARNETT, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Stirling Ferguson BARNETT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Cecil Thomas BARRACK, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Rupert Sunderland BARRETT, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Reginald Albert BASSAN, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

John Leo Patrick BASTO, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Warren Francis BATES, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Frank BATT, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Crispin Kenworthy BATTYE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Hubert Godfrey BEACHLEY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest James BEAUMONT, 3rd Field Company Australian Engineers.

Noel Edward BECHERVAISE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Walter Herbert BECKENSALL, 7th Infantry Battalion.

George BELL, 11th Infantry Battalion.

John Charles BELL, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas George BELL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Charles BELSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Mervin Albert BENBOW, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Godfrey Arthur BENNETT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

James Dunn BENNETT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Howard Williams BETTLES, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Harrold Frederick BLACK, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Jack BLACKBURN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Harry BLAKELEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Lance Sisca BLANNIN-FERGUSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Lewis BLENCOWE, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Henry Edward BOARDMAN, 11th Infantry Battalion.

John Stephen BODILLY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest BOLAN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Cyril BOLLE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Emanuel BONAVIA, 11th Infantry Battalion.

James Henry BOND, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Reginald Rupert BOND, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Roy BONHAM, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James Edward BOOTH, 1st Infantry Battalion.

William Joseph BOUCHER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Edward BOUGHEN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

John Stirling BOWDEN, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Percy Algernon St George BOWMAN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Jack Keith BRADLEY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Cleveland BRADLEY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William John BRADLEY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Wallace Hector BRANDER, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

William George BREMEN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Francis Patrick BRENNAN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Francis BRIGGS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Vernon Thomas BROOKES, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Charles George BROWN, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Duncan Napier BROWN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

John BROWN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Michael BROWN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Reginald Clive BROWNELL, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Percy Sydney BRUSHETT, 1st Infantry Battalion.

James BRUTON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Sylvester BUCKLEY, 16th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Duffy BURKE, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Albert Ernest BURN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Rainald Knightly BURNE, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Joseph BURNELL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Ronald BURNS, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Thomas BUSH, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Richard BUTT, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick BUTTON, 4th Infantry Battalion.

Albert John BYRNE, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Reginald John Murray BYRNE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

Edward Augustine CAHILL, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Hugh CALDERBANK, 11th Infantry Battalion.

William CALDERWOOD, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Angus CAMERON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Ernest CAMERON, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander CAMPBELL, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Patrick Joseph CAMPBELL, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Robert CAMPBELL, 5th Infantry Battalion.

William Richard CANTWELL, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas CAREY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

James Neville CARLESS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur James CARNELL, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Maurice Frederick CARR, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Esmond Richard John CARRICK, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Deacon CARRINGTON, 12th Infantry Battalion.

James Edward CARRINGTON, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas George CARROLL, 11th Infantry Battalion.

John CARTER, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Strutten John CARTER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William CARTER, 8th Infantry Battalion.

William Watson CARTER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Henry CATLIN, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Walter William CAVILL, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Arthur William CHALLENGER, 12th Infantry Battalion.

John CHAMBERLAIN, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Francis Alexander CHARLTON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Watsford CLARK, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Lancelot Fox CLARKE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Edward John James COLEMAN, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred James COLLINS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Lisle Bertram Dinniss COLLS, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Albert Edward COMTE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Percival Thomas CONLAN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Donald Walter COOKE, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Alan CORDNER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Percy CORSER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph William COSTIN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Fothergill William Swinfen COTTRELL, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Rodger COX, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Wilfred John CRANE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Alfred CRITCHER, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Samuel CROWHURST, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Claude Terrell CROWL, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred CROWTHER, 10th Infantry Battalion.

 

Edwin John DALE, 8th Infantry Battalion.

George Thomas DALE, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Henry St Eloy D'ALTON, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest Robert DALY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Charles DAMEN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Edmond Butterworth DANAHER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James DANIELS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick DANN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George Brockwell DARLINGTON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Leopold DASHWOOD, 10th Infantry Battalion.

John DAVEY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

David Mancel DAVIES, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred DAVIS, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Alan Douglas Gibb DAWSON, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

William Knight DEAN, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Harold DENSTON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Lancelot DEVENISH, 11th Infantry Battalion.

William DEWS, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Harold DIEDRICH, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie Frank DILLON, 10th Infantry Battalion.

William George DIXON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James DOBSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

John Andrew DOUGLAS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

John DOW, 11th Infantry Battalion.

George Noel DRAPER, 1st Infantry Battalion.

William Sydney DUCHESNE, 1st Infantry Battalion.

John Curry DUCKWORTH, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Richard Thomas DUFFETT, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Henry Edward DUNKLEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas DUNN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

William DUNN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Stanley Oliver DUNSTAN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Ulrie DUNT, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Stephen John DYER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Walter Samuel DYER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

 

Alfred Frederick ECCLES, 3rd Field Ambulance Army Medical Corps.

Wolverton Mason EDGAR, 11th Infantry Battalion.

James Adolphus EDGCUMBE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Edward James EDGLEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Albert EDWARDS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred Edward EGAN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Samuel Morris EHRENBERG, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Elevious ELLEFSEN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Sidney Harold Richards ELLIOTT, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James Leslie ELLISON, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Herbert Henry EREKSON, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Percival ERICKSON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Abraham EVANS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Henry EVANS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Ewen Charles EWERT, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Walter Seccombe EWIN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

 

Norman Frederick Napier FALCONER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Charles John FALK, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Stanley Squire FARNELL, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Victor Emanuel FARR, 1st Infantry Battalion.

John James FERGUSON, 11th Infantry Battalion.

George Clement FERRETT, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Erle Finlayson Denton FETHERS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

James FIELDING, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Charles FINCHER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Richard FINDON, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Edgar Lewis FITZGERALD, 4th Infantry Battalion.

Edward William FITZGERALD, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Richard FLEMING, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Thomas FLYNN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Morris FOLEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Patrick FOLEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Finlay FORBES, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Walter FORD, 9th Infantry Battalion.

John FOTHERGILL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Herbert Howard Kentwell FOWLES, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Walter FREEBAIRN, 1 Field Company Australian Engineers.

Alfred Garnett FREEMAN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

William James Gordon FREEMAN, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Vivian Ambrose FRENCH, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Josephus FULLAGAR, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Jacob FULLER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

John Alexander James FULTON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

 

John GARDEN, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Roy GARDNER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander Francis GARNER, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Walter John GENERY, 11th Infantry Battalion.

William James GIBBONS, 10th Infantry Battalion.

John Woodside GIBSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

James Gordon GILLANDERS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Macgregor GILLESPIE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

James GILLIES, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Andrew GILLISON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Anthony Simpson GILPIN, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Leigh George John GLANVILLE, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Colin GLASGOW, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Albert GLATZ, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Walter GOODIER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Charles George GORDON, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Kenneth Douglas GORDON, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Edward GORRIE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

John Lewes Davison GOWER, 10th Infantry Battalion.

George Charles GRACEY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Harry John GRAHAM, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Hugh Barclay GRAHAM, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Henry GRAHAM, 6th Infantry Battalion.

James Joseph GRANT, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George David GREEN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Watkin GREEN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Keith Eddowes GREEN, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Percival Charles GREENHILL, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest Edward Robert GREENWOOD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

George Herbert GREENWOOD, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Oswald Wilkie GREIG, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Edward GRIFFIN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Rhys Emlyn GRIFFITHS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie Rowley GROVE, 5th Infantry Battalion.

William Gordon GULLIVER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred Edward GURR, 12th Infantry Battalion.

William Earle GUTHRIE, 1st Infantry Battalion.

 

Ethelbert HADDRICK, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Samuel William HADLEY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Sydney Raymond HALL, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Vernon Charles HALL, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur HALLAM, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

John William HAMILTON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

John HANCOCK, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Albert John HANDCOCK, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Claude Hilfred HANSEN, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Barker Orielly HARDING, 1st Infantry Battalion.

John HARMER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Patrick HARRIS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Henry Christopher HARRISON, 12th Infantry Battalion.

James Henry HARVEY, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Percy Robert HARVEY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur George Howard HASTINGS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

David HAWKINS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Gordon Gray Carruthers HAWKINS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Leonard HAWKINS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Alan Melrose HAYES, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Granville HAYMEN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Colin Wilfrid HEAD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Walter James HEAD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest Alfred HEARLE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

John George Douglas HELSHAM, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Charles Neil HENDERSON, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Arthur HETHERTON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Joseph HICKEY, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

John HIGGS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

John Leo HILL, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Wilfred Carl HILL, 11th Infantry Battalion.

William Corbett HILL, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William HOBBS, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Douglas Clive HOBDEN, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

William Albert HOBSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Edwin Percy HOCKEY, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Harry HODGMAN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Michael John HOGAN, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Cuthbert Oliver HOLCOMBE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

John HOLDEN, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Edwin HOLDSWORTH, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Bertie Frank HOLLANDS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Victor HOLLINGSWORTH, 5th Infantry Battalion.

John Huon HOOKE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Basil John HOOPER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Richard Joseph HORAN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

William Brown HORSBURGH, 5th Infantry Battalion.

George Thomas HOWDEN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Charles HOWES, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Frank HUDSON, 3rd Field Ambulance Army Medical Corps.

Vincent Williams HUGHES, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Alfred Ernest HUMPHREYS, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Lawrence HUNT, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Leonard Leslie HUNT, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George Henry Stuart HUNTLEY, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Archibald James HUTCHISON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

John William INMAN, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Francis Duncan IRVINE, 1 Infantry Brigade Headquarters.

 

Henry Reginald JACKSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest Arthur JAENSCH, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Stanley JAMES, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Richard George JARVIS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Tasman JARVIS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie JOB, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Andrew Nathaniel JOHNSON, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Thomas JOHNSON, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred Ernest JOHNSTON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

David Norman JOHNSTON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick William JOHNSTON, 11th Infantry Battalion.

William JOHNSTON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Edward JONES, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Hubert Cromwell Warwick JONES, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Ivo Brian JOY, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Sizer JOY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Henry James JUBY, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Edward Wilfred JUNIER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

Herbert M KEAM, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas KEAN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest KEARNEY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Samuel Arthur KEELING, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Henry KELCEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

George Edward Eccleston KELLY, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

William KELLY, 10th Infantry Battalion.

George Henry KENNEDY, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Norman Vivian Gladstone KERBY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

George KERSHAW, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Leo James KERSWILL, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Edric Doyle KIDSON, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Frank KIELY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Patrick KIELY, 11th Infantry Battalion.

George Austin KING, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Nathaniel KING, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Herbert James KINGSTON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Hedley Vernon George KITCHIN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Luke KNIGHT, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Willie KNOWLES, 12th Infantry Battalion.

 

Joseph Peter LALOR, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Harry LAMBERT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Clement Frederick Wills LANE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie John LANGDON, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Rennix LARKIN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Martin Joseph LARKIN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Stanley Rupert LAURENCE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Anthony LAVELLE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Leonard Joseph LAWLOR, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William H LEE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Samuel LEECH, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Edward LEER, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Albert Walter LEMKE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Henry David LEMON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Harold LESTER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

George Hill LEVENS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James Llewellyn LEWIS, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Augustus LIGHT, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Leo LINDLEY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Thomas LOCKER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Wilfred Francis Huggett LODGE, 10th Infantry Battalion.

William Frederick LOGAN, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Patrick Francis LONERGAN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Cuthbert Jones LONG, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Harold James LONG, 5th Infantry Battalion.

James Muncaster LOVATT, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie LOWE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Percival LOXTON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Harry LYNCH, 12th Infantry Battalion.

 

Alexander Murdo MACAULAY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Archibald MACBETH, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Donald Neil MACGREGOR, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Ian Gordon MACINNES, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Robert Stirling MACKIE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Allan Cameron MACLEAN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Charles Frederick MADDEN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur MAJOR, 12th Infantry Battalion.

John Archibald MALCOLM, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Dennis MANGAN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick William MANN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George William MANNING, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Harold Osborne MANSFIELD, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Lionel MARKS, 1st Infantry Battalion.

James MARSHALL, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Eric Douglas MARTIN, 8th Infantry Battalion.

William Norris MARTIN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Leslie MATHESON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Richard James MATHIESON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Harold Francis MAXWELL, 9th Infantry Battalion.

William Henry MAYNE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander James MCARTHUR, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Thompson MCBAIN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Michael MCCAFFREY, 10th Infantry Battalion.

David Joseph MCCARTHY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred MCCOLL, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Albert MCCONNACHY, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander MCCUBBIN, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander John MCDONALD, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander Joseph MCDONALD, 1 Field Company Australian Engineers.

Fenley John MCDONALD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Lindsay Gordon MCDONALD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William MCDONALD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Patrick MCDONNELL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Augustus Alexander MCDOWALL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

George Buchanan MCEWAN, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Terence MCGEOCH, 9th Infantry Battalion.

James Rivet MCGILLIVRAY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

David Keith MCILWRAITH, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Francis Ronald Reid MCJANNET, 11th Infantry Battalion.

John MCKAY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Albert MCKENNA, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Adam MCLACHLAN, 16th Infantry Battalion.

Hugh Wilson Paton MCLAREN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Alex MCLEAN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Maurice Leslie MCLEOD, 8th Infantry Battalion.

John Sloan MCLINTOCK, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Hamish MCNAB, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Alec MCPHAIL, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Alexander George MCPHERSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Rossiter MELVILLE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John MELVIN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

John Atkinson METCALF, 5th Infantry Battalion.

George Irvine MIDDLETON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick John MILGATE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Christian MILLER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

John William MILLER, 12th Infantry Battalion.

David George MILLS, 8th Infantry Battalion.

James Spence MILNE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Edwin MITCHELL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

John Harrington MITCHELL, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Keith MITCHELL, 9th Infantry Battalion.

William Douglas MOAR, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Lawrence Felix MOBILIA, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph Russel MOIR, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George MONCRIEFF, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Henry MONEY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

William MOORE, 1 Field Company Australian Engineers.

Frank McCrae MOOREHEAD, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Charles MORELL, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Hugh Fuller MORGAN, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

William Thomas MORGAN, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Sinclair MORRISH, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Robert MORRISON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

George William MOSS, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Herbert MOSS, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Edgar MOULAND, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Patrick James MOYNIHAN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

John MUDIE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

John MULLAN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Donald MUNRO, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Gordon Albert MUNRO, 12th Infantry Battalion.

James MUNRO, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Henry MUNRO, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Charles MYNARD, 6th Infantry Battalion.

 

Robert Douglas NIBLOCK, 8th Infantry Battalion.

George Alfred NICOLL, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Harry Bowlin NOAD, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Alfred Joseph NORTON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

William Henry OAKLEY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Leslie O'BRIEN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

William O'BRIEN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Maurice O'DONOHUE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Michael John O'DWYER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Castle OLDHAM, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Daniel James O'LEARY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas O'LEARY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Allan Robert OLLEY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Edward James O'REILLY, 8th Infantry Battalion.

George Ernest OSBORNE, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Michael John O'SULLIVAN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

 

Montague John Durnford PACEY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Cleveland Edmund PAGE, 1 Field Company Australian Engineers.

John Wilson PALFREYMAN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest Ralph PALLOT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

David William PALMER, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Leonard Aloysius PAPLEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Douglas PARTRIDGE, 16th Infantry Battalion.

Harold James PATERSON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Penistan James PATTERSON, 12th Infantry Battalion.

John Charles PAUL, 8th Infantry Battalion.

William Thomas PAYNE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Ambrose Stanley PEARCE, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Mueller PEARCE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Henry Hathaway PEARCE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Francis PEARSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick John PECK, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Reginald Arthur PENROSE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John George PETERSON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Trafford Cyril PETTIGREW, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred James PETTIS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Michell PICAUD, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Sydney Albert PICKERING, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Wesley PINDER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William PINKERTON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Percy George PLANT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

James Willis PLUMMER, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Clifford POLKINGHORNE, 8th Infantry Battalion.

William Alexander POLLOCK, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Valentine POTTER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Charles POWLEY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Lees POYNER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Richard PRESTON, 8th Infantry Battalion.

William George PRICE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Henry James Vivian PRIESTLEY, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Harold James PRING, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Frank PRUTTON, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

James Joshua PRYOR, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Sydney PUTT, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

George Henry PYLE, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Patrick Thomas PYNE, 10th Infantry Battalion.

 

John Thomas QUAMBY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

 

Alan Arthur RADCLIFFE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

John Edward Alexander RANKIN, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Cyril George Moore READ, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Richard James Reginald READ, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Clair William REED, 7th Infantry Battalion.

George Alfred REES, 4th Infantry Battalion.

Walter REEVES, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Cyril Lindsay REID, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Charles REID, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Mordant Leslie REID, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Henry Joseph REIDY, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest George RENN, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Fred REYNOLDS, 1 Field Company Australian Engineers.

James William REYNOLDS, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Roy Everard RICHARDSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Henry John RIEKIE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

William John RIGBY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Percy RIGBYE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Francis Leslie RISMONDI, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Wallie Passmore ROACH, 11th Infantry Battalion.

John Elias ROBERTS, 6th Infantry Battalion.

John George ROBERTS, 1st Infantry Battalion.

John Powe ROBERTS, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Norman ROBERTS, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Bartimas ROBERTSHAW, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Herbert Maurice ROBERTSHAW, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Colin Ernest ROBERTSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frank Leslie ROBERTSON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie Ernest ROBERTSON, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Robert ROBERTSON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Sydney Beresford ROBERTSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Robert ROBINSON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

David ROCHE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Cecil Harry ROCKE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Thomas ROLLASON, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Charles Keith Jago ROOKE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

John J ROONEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Andrew ROSE, 8th Infantry Battalion.

James Forbes ROSS, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Reginald James ROSSITER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Herbert James ROWLAND, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John RUNDLE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

George Alfred RUSH, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Robert RUSSELL, 5th Infantry Battalion.

James RYAN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

Thomas Radford SAGE, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Richard SAKER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred William SALTER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick SANDERS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Victor Joseph SANDERS, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Colin SAUNDERS, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Harry SAWLEY, 11th Infantry Battalion.

George Gordon SAYER, 12th Infantry Battalion.

William John SAYERS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Charles SCHARNESS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Basil Archdeacon SCOTT, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Henry Thomas SCOTT, 12th Infantry Battalion.

James Henry SCOTT, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Thomas SCOTT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

John Alfred SEEGER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Harold George SEELEY, 5th Infantry Battalion.

John Edwin SERGEANT, 8th Infantry Battalion.

John James SHANNON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick SHARP, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

Guy Allen SHARPE, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Hurtle Charles SHAW, 10th Infantry Battalion.

William Haswell SHELTON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George Henry SHEPPARD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Godfrey John SHERMAN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Donald Robert SHILLITO, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Raymond Ferres SHIRLEY, 9th Infantry Battalion.

James SINCLAIR, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Hector SINCLAIR, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Walter Henry SLOCOMBE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Guy Rosevear SLOGGATT, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred Henry SMITH, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Cyril Charles SMITH, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Thomas SMITH, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest Albert SMITH, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Peter Vincent SMITH, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Richard SMITH, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Sydney SMITH, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Millar SMYLIE, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Eric Martin SOLLING, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

Rupert James SPARROW, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Francis SPELLS, 6th Infantry Battalion.

George SPENCE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Pennell STABLES, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Albert George STAPLETON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Edward Harvey STATHAM, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Walter Joseph STEETH, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Alan STEPHENS, 14th Infantry Battalion.

Stanley John STEPHENS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Richard Harry STEVENS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William Henry STEVENS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Russell William STEWART, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Selby Albert Shepherd STEWART, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Ralph Gustav STOBAUS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Roy Frank STONE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Sydney STOTT, 12th Infantry Battalion.

William Leighton STRACHAN, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William Henry STRAHAN, 16th Infantry Battalion.

William Andrew STRANG, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Joseph STRATFORD, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Gordon Duke STUART, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Raymond SULLIVAN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Austin Philip SUMMERSBEE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Joshua SUSSEX, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Joshua SUSSEX, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William John SUTHERLAND, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Robert SUTTIE, 1st Infantry Battalion.

James Read SUTTON, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Blair Inskip SWANNELL, 1st Infantry Battalion.

James SWEENEY, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Stanley Roy SWIFT, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas William West SWIFT, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Harry Foster SWINBOURNE, 1st Infantry Battalion.

 

Fremont Leon TABBUT, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Oswald James TANKARD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Hector Algie TAUSE, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur John TAYLOR, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Frederick TAYLOR, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Herbert Morton TAYLOR, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie Edward TAYLOR, 6th Infantry Battalion.

James Forbes TAYSOM, 6th Infantry Battalion.

James Campbell TELFORD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Charles TEVENDALE, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Stanley George THOMAS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick John THOMPSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Gilbert Leslie THOMPSON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

John THOMPSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James THOMSON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie THORLEY, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Frank THORNTON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Edward James THRUM, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Albert William THUNDER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Harry Ernest THURSTON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Walter TIBBS, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Andrew James TIERNEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Walter Joseph TILBEE, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Percy Albert TIPPET, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Robert James TODD, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Samuel TOLLEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Roy Colin TOLMIE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William TOMLINSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

John Francis Huon TOVELL, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Arthur Albert TOWNER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frank TRICKEY, 7th Infantry Battalion.

William TUCKER, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Henry Francis Charles TURNER, 9th Infantry Battalion.

James John TWINING, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

Athelstan Neville USSHER, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

Felix VAGUE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Wilson VEITCH, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Donald VEITCH, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

Leonard James WALDRON, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Ernest Percy WALKER, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Henry Ernest WALKER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

John Bryden WALKER, 1st Infantry Battalion.

William Frederick WALKER, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Louis WALLIS, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William John WALSH, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur WALTON, 11th Infantry Battalion.

George William WARREN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James Percy Soltau WARREN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Matthew Randall WASLEY, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Harold Thomas WATKINS, 13th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick William WATSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

James Thomas WATSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Percy WATSON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Reginald Thornton WATSON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Norman Reginald WEBB, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George Patrick WEBBER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Isaac Oswald WEBSTER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Clive Wellington WERE, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Walter WESTRUPP, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Leonard WHITAKER, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Alfred Ernest WHITE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Dudley Clifford WHITE, 6th Infantry Battalion.

George Oliver WHITE, 10th Infantry Battalion.

George William WHITE, 2nd Infantry Battalion.

William WHITECROSS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Anderson WHYTE, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Hugh Llewellyn WIGGER, 6th Infantry Battalion.

William John WILCOX, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur WILDEN, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Frederick Charles Erasmus WILKINSON, 10th Infantry Battalion.

George WILLCOX, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Albert Henry WILLIAMS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Llewellyn WILLIAMS, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Charles Louis WILLIAMS, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Herbert Edwin WILLIAMS, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Humphrey WILLIAMS, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Percy WILLIAMS, 11th Infantry Battalion.

Leslie WILLIAMSON, 5th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Edgar WILLISON, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Charles Jonathan WILLMOTT, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Vivian Malcolm WILLS, 5th Infantry Battalion.

William Henry WILLS, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Richard Noble WILSON, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Robert McLauchlan WILSON, 8th Infantry Battalion.

Stuart McIllwraith WILSON, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Thomas Clark WILSON, 3rd Infantry Battalion.

William John WILSON, 6th Infantry Battalion.

Cecil Robert WINCH, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Bertram WINSLET, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Arthur Edward WISE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Robert Percival WITHAM, 6th Infantry Battalion.

George William WOOD, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Max Llewellyn WOODBERRY, 12th Infantry Battalion.

John Albert WOODS, 16th Infantry Battalion.

Charles WRIGHT, 7th Infantry Battalion.

Charles D'Arcey WRIGHT, 9th Infantry Battalion.

George Clifton WRIGHT, 12th Infantry Battalion.

Samuel WRIGHT, 1st Infantry Battalion.

Roy WYLD, 10th Infantry Battalion.

Allan James Noel WYLIE, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Charles William WYMAN, 5th Infantry Battalion.

 

Allen Patrick YEATMAN, 9th Infantry Battalion.

Roland Macdonald YOUNG, 6th Infantry Battalion.

George Robert YUILL, 7th Infantry Battalion.

 

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, AIF, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 12 April 2010 10:26 AM EADT

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