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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Saturday, 21 August 2010
The Battle for Hill 60, Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915, Outline
Topic: BatzG - Hill 60

The Battle for Hill 60

Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915

Outline

 

Hill 60 showing bones of members of the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade and New Zealanders, 1919.
[From the CEW Bean Collection.]

 

Hill 60, a low rise on the north-western approaches to Hill 971 (q.v.), which on 21 and 27 August 1915 became the focus of several badly handled attacks which resulted in costly and confused fighting that marked the end of the last major offensive at Gallipoli. The operation was undertaken in an attempt to widen and strengthen the corridor of foreshore which connected newly landed British forces at Suvla Bay with the established beach-head at Anzac (q.v). While elements of the Suvla force concentrated on seizing a detached foothill of the range behind that beach-head known as the `W Hills', troops from the Anzac position were to capture Hill 60, a low rise on the north-western end of the foothills leading to Hill 971 - thereby effectively enabling the two forces to link up.

The first attempt made on 21 August enjoyed only mixed success. The W Hills were not taken, but to the south a mixed force of British, Indian, New Zealand and Australian troops (the latter men of the Australian 4th Brigade under Brigadier-General John Monash) managed to gain part of Hill 60 but not the cap of the rise which was well defended by trenches hastily dug by the Turks. In an attempt to press home the attack, a renewed effort against Hill 60 was made on 22 August using a battalion (18th) of the fresh Australian 5th Brigade, part of the 2nd Australian Division then in the process of transferring from Egypt. These were raw troops who were not up to dealing with such a hastily conceived and poorly arranged attack. Although the unit went bravely into action at dawn, it was gradually pushed back after half its strength became casualties-half of these being killed.

 

Hand drawn map of the 9th Light Horse Regiment attack at Hill 60, 27 August 1915.

 

A further attack was begun on the afternoon of 27 August, the troops advancing after a bombardment. Then followed three days of fighting in which the apparent objective was taken, partly lost, and retaken again. The attacking force included detachments from various British, New Zealand and Australian regiments - in the latter case the 18th Infantry Battalion, the 9th and 10th Light Horse, and a composite group of 250 men from Monash's 4th Brigade - practically all who were well enough to take part. When this attempt was also spent it was found that the crest of the rise was still beyond the ground taken, but since the aim of effecting a junction with the Suvla force seemed to have been sufficiently attained matters were allowed to rest at this time.

 

Hill 60 Cemetery, Gallipoli.

[Picture by Brian Budge.]

 

Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, pp. 110-111.



Additional References cited by Chris Coulthard-Clark:

C.E.W. Bean, (1924), The Story of Anzac, Vol. 2 , Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

 

Further Reading:

Hill 60, Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915

The Battle for Hill 60, Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915, Roll of Honour

Gallipoli Campaign

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Hill 60, Turkey, August 21 to 22 and 27, 1915, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 22 August 2010 7:15 PM EADT
Thursday, 19 August 2010
The Battle for Hill 60, Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915, Photographic representation of Hill 60
Topic: BatzG - Hill 60

The Battle for Hill 60

Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915

Photographic representation of Hill 60

 

Trench Map highlighting the position of Hill 60

 

 

Looking up to the summit of Hill 60

 

This picture illustrates the task facing the men as they prepared themselves for the battle on 27 August 1917.  The task from this view appears deceptively simple and as the soldiers learned at Gallipoli, nothing was ever simple.

 

The area in which the fighting took place at Hill 60

 

This is a much closer picture of Hill 60 illustrating the features the men were to fight and die over that evening. 

 

Location of Allied trenches at Hill 60

 

The sumit of Hill 60 looking down to where the Allied lines were located. The holding of the hill gave the Turks an advantage in being able to look over the Allied trenches and direct artillery or machine gun fire at targets of opportunity. This harassment proved to be so severe that all movements of supplies became very difficult during the day adding a further burden to the desperate lives of the men in the trenches.

 

Special thanks are directed to William "Tuna" Crookshanks for his pictures and the time he has spent annotating them.

 

 

Further Reading:

Hill 60, Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915

The Battle for Hill 60, Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915, Roll of Honour

Gallipoli Campaign

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle for Hill 60, Gallipoli, 22 - 23, and 27 August 1915, Photographic representation of Hill 60

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 21 August 2010 5:10 PM EADT
Saturday, 14 August 2010
Desert Mounted Column Medical Services, AIF, Contents
Topic: AIF - DMC - Medical

DMC Medical Services, AIF

Desert Mounted Column Medical Services, AIF

Contents

 

Items

Outline

Desert Mounted Column Medical Services, AIF, Outline

 

History

 

Roll of Honour

Desert Mounted Column Medical Services, AIF, Roll of Honour

Lest we forget

 

 

Further Reading:

Desert Mounted Column Medical Services, AIF

Desert Mounted Column Medical Services, AIF, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Desert Mounted Column Medical Services, AIF, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 30 January 2011 2:19 PM EAST
Indian Army, Contents
Topic: AIF - DMC - Indian

EEF

Indian Army

Contents

 

Items

Outline

Indian Army EEF, Outline

 

History

 

Roll of Honour

Indian Army EEF, Roll of Honour

Lest we forget

 

 

Further Reading:

Indian Army

Indian Army EEF, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Indian Army EEF, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 30 January 2011 2:33 PM EAST
Saturday, 7 August 2010
The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915, The Chronology
Topic: BatzG - Nek
The Nek

Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

The Chronology

 

 

The Chronology

4.23 - the "joke" of a bombardment ends.

4.28 - Turks clearly seen manning the parapets of the trenches and machine gun ranged.

4.29 – The men in the first line already know they are in for a tough time.

4.30 – The whistle blows and 150 men of the 8th Light Horse Regiment, led by Colonel White, climb out of the trenches and charge across the Nek.

4.35 – 150 men lay dead or wounded within 30 metres of the trench. Three men made it to the Turkish trench only to die there. An observer spots a location flag in Turkish trenches and reports this to Antill.
The whistle blows and a further 150 men climb out of their trench.

4.40 – 150 more men lay dead or wounded.
Colonel Brazier, commander of the 10th Light Horse Regiment argues with Antill about sending the next line out. Antill orders Brazier to send out the third line.

4.45 - Trooper Harold Rush, 10th Light Horse Regiment, says to his friend as both men shake hands: “Goodbye Cobber. God bless you." He died a minute later.

The whistle blows and a 150 men from the 10th Light Horse Regiment climb out of their trench.

4.50 – 150 more men lay dead, wounded or pretending to be dead.

5.15 - The 4th line of the attack is called off but some troops misunderstand this direction and charge.

5.20 – 234 dead and wounded from the 8th LHR and 138 from the 10th LHR lay on the blood soaked ground of the Nek. Any movement of the wounded men brought Turkish machine gun fire to bear on the person. Some of the wounded were able to crawl back into the trenches. Others who had been lucky and not injured made their way as best as possible. For the rest, their lot was a miserable day in the sun without any hope of relief until the evening.

 

The Consequences

Nek Killed in Action

 

Lest we forget
 

 

Further Reading:

The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915

Roll of Honour, Australian, British and Turkish 

Gallipoli Campaign

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1919

 

Citation: The Nek, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915, The Chronology


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 7 August 2011 9:21 AM EADT

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The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

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