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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Tuesday, 1 July 2008
Battle of Romani, Sinai, 4 to 5 August 1916, New York Times account of Romani, 6 August 1916
Topic: BatzS - Romani

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

 New York Times Account of Romani, 6 August 1916

 

New York Times Account of Romani

[From: New York Times, 6 August 1916.]

 

The Battle of Romani was a series of  engagements that took place over the period of about five days. It involved a advance from the Turkish forward base at Ogratina with the objective of taking Romani and thus allowing Turkish artillery the ability to harass shipping in the Suez Canal. The reports of this battle and many other battles often appeared in the New York Times prior to appearing in any media within the British Empire. Below is the first report in the New York Times of 6 August 1916.

  

Turkish Army Attacks British in Egypt

14,000 Troops Trying to Take Romani in Attempt to Reach Suez Canal.

Warships Shelling Foe

Repeated Assaults on Fortified Positions Repulsed by Defenders, Who Capture 500 Turks.

LONDON, Aug. 5. - British positions near Romans, east of Port Said, are being attacked by 14.000 Turks, according to an official statement issued by the War Office. The Turks are attacking along a front of seven to eight miles, the statement says, and have so far been repulsed.

The text of the announcement is appended:

The following report, timed 11:10 P. M. on the 4th of August has been received from the general officer commanding in chief in Egypt:
Since midnight of Aug. 3-4 Turks, whose strength is estimated at 14,000, have been attacking our position near Romani, east of Port Said, on a front of seven to eight miles.

The position at dusk on the 4th of August was that their attacks had made no impression on our fortified position, while on the southern flank the fighting also was going in our favor, and between 400 and 500 prisoners had been captured there.

Ships of the Royal Navy rendered valuable assistance from the Bay of Tina.

Fighting still was in progress when this report was dispatched. The temperature posture during the day reached 100 degrees in the shade.

The Turkish attack comes as no surprise to those who are in close touch with the operations in that part of the world. General Sir Archibald Murray, who commands the British Army there, has long realized that the Turks with the assistance of the Austrians and Germans, might make a serious attempt on the canal, even at the hottest period of the year.

Austrian and German engineers for many months have been digging for water which, close to the Mediterranean coast, exists in many oases at no considerable depth under the sand, although it mostly is too brackish for use by European troops. The Turks must, therefore, have made very thorough arrangements for the storage and 'transportation of water, the country being a pure sand desert with small widely scattered oases of date palms growing around ancient wells. At Romani, where fighting is in progress, the Turks must bring up every drop of water from Aughratina,* ten miles away.

It is understood the Turks have with them some 1,000 to 2,000 Austro-German infantry, + as well as a large number of Bedouin irregular horse.

Their choice of the coast route instead of the caravan road from Katia to Kantara, which they took the last time, brings their flank under the fire of warships in the Bay of Tina.

 

Notes:

* Aughratina = Ogratina

+ The complete War Diary of the 605th Machine Gun Company may be found on this site at the following address: 

http://alh-research.tripod.com/Light_Horse/index.blog?topic_id=1104391 

 

Further Reading:

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, 4 to 5 August 1916, New York Times account of Romani, 6 August 1916

Posted by Project Leader at 10:05 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 20 August 2010 9:16 AM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, July 1
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 1 July

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Wednesday, July 1, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.

 

1915

Thursday, July 1, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Walkers Ridge
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No entry.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - Buried some 30 Turks.

Effective strength = 1,211.

Parts of 10th Light Horse Regiment sent at night to try and capture "Sniper's Ridge" from whence considerable successful sniping has been carried out last two months by Turks - Its about 1400 yards north east of left of Walkers Junction and same distance from beach in front of No 2. Sub Section. Party unsuccessful encountering heavy fire. Lieutenant Hamlin in charge. He retired with one man, 429 Corporal JR Kingdon, missing.

Much useful information from one of our captured prisoners. The attack on 29/30 June 1915 on us was carried out by 18th Regiment [three Battalions], Enver Bey present. Turks mentally fear our bombs and accurate rifle fire. Food good. Ammunition plentiful. There were three maxims immediately in front of us - one placed out of action. Battalions commanded by Turkish Officers who drove their men forward. 2nd Battalion attacked supported by 3rd Battalion. Suffered heavy losses and retreated. Turks would like to come in if they could. Two white starlight signal for general attack. German Officers in charge of guns.

We have been burying Turks all day.

Good progress all along line last week.

Impossible to get any information regarding our casualties which have left. Those sick especially appear to drift back in most casual way from Lemnos.

9th Light Horse Regiment relieved by Auckland Mounted Rifles in trenches tomorrow.


Carew Reynell Diary   - No Entry.

 

1916

Saturday, July 1, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Roadhead Serapeum.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Routine training and patrol work.

 

1917

Sunday, July 1, 1917


9th Light Horse Regiment Location - El Shellal

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - church Parade held at 0800.

Until further notice lights out to be at 2000.

Ridgway, 1438 Trooper EB, died of wounds. [See Henry Bostock for account.]

1918

Monday, July 1, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Solomon's Pools

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - O'Neil, 686 Trooper T, “C” Squadron tried by FGCM [Field General Court Martial] - Charge "Absent without leave".

Daly, Major TJ, DSO; and, 21 Other Ranks proceeded to Port Said Rest Camp.

0800 - 1030 Training of specialists and Non Commissioned Officer as per Syllabus.

 

1919

Tuesday, July 1, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Tel el Kebir

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0005, Post at El Rimal entrained for concentration at Moascar comprising strength of one Officer and 34 Other Ranks.

0020 Post at Abu Sueir entrained for concentration at Moascar comprising strength of one 40 Other Ranks.

0100, Arrived at Moascar - spare kit stacked on station and guard posted, remainder marching to camp area where tents had been already pitched.

0900 - 1400 Disinfection of clothing.

 


Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 30 June

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 2 July

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 July

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 14 September 2010 7:52 PM EADT
Monday, 30 June 2008
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 1 July 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

1 July 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary


Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 30 June - 6 July 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

Bert Schramm 

Monday, July 1, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Solomon's Pools, Bethlehem, Palestine.

Bert Schramm's Diary - Nothing worth recording. Rumoured that we are to move back to the Jordan Valley on the 10th.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Solomon's Pools, Bethlehem, Palestine.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - O'Neil, 686 Trooper T, C Squadron tried by FGCM [Field General Court Martial] - Charge "Absent without leave" Daly, Major TJ, DSO; and, 21 Other Ranks proceeded to Port Said Rest Camp.

0800 - 1030 Training of specialists and Non Commissioned Officer as per Syllabus.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 July

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

 

Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 30 June 1918

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 July 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 1 July 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 1 June 2011 5:20 PM EADT
Where Australians Fought, Sinai, 1916-1917, Sand Sled Plans and Description
Topic: BatzS - Sinai

Where Australians Fought

Sinai, 1916-1917

Sand Sled Plans

 

Sand Sled Plans

 

Below is an account describing the construction of the sand car and the blue prints to produce the cart.

 

When men were in and around camp at Romani and camel transport was fairly scarce horses that had been used for limbered wagons were used, and the Dicvision issued instructions to the AASC to get a standard pattern sled made for the division as Third Section had offered to have these sleds built in Kantara.

A Wheeler Sergeant was sent round to look at the various patterns of teh sleds in use in the division and the attached drawing was the result of the investigations and trials.

The runners were made of 6" 6" Pine, and a bow was scarfed into the forward end of the runner. This was shod with a 3/8" steel plate to strengthen the scarf necessary in the runner, and to stand the wear, as all the friction of forcing a way through the sand came on the forward part of the runner.

Two cross pieces were scarfed into the runner, and through the forward cross place a hole was bored to take a piece of steel wire rope to which was fastened a swingle-bar for traction.

On top of the cross pieces were 2 4" x 4" lengths running directly above the runners, and the full length of the sled on which were nailed the 6" x 1" flooring boards.

The height of the sled was 14 inches and it was discovered by experiment that if the height was at all increased, it had a tendency to top heavyness with a load of any weight.

It was found that two horses could draw this sled carrying from 800 to 1,000 obs all day very easily, and these sleds were even used when the division was out on operations, mostly by the AMC who used them for bringing in the wounded. A lighter pattern was also built for that work, being drawn by one horse, the driver b eing mounted on the horse.

The pattern of the sled as attached was sent down to Kantara and finally became the standard pattern of sled used in the Third Section.

 

The solution was simplicity in itself - the sand cart. By placing skis under a cart base, the lack of cohesion and thus resistance in the sand became an assistance rather than a hindrance. Clever use of the low resistance of loose sand meant that a team of two horses could draw a fully laden sand cart with a 450kg load over the trackless desert for a day without causing any great discomfort. It was the breakthrough design that supplied the mobile forces in the Sinai for the duration of the campaign.

 

 

Further Reading:

The Light Horse

Where Australians Fought, Sinai, 1916-1917

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Where Australians Fought, Sinai, 1916-1917, Sand Sled Plans and Description

Posted by Project Leader at 6:56 PM EADT
Updated: Friday, 20 August 2010 5:43 PM EADT
Military Orders, 1903 - 1920, Military Order No. 157, 1909, Hythe School of Musketry, Examination Results
Topic: Militia - Military Orders

Military Order No. 157, 1909

Hythe School of Musketry

Examination Results

 

 Military Order No. 157, 1909. 

 

Below is a copy of Military Order No. 157 which detailed the examination results from the School of Musketry at Hythe in Kent, England. The three men who went to the course passed at different levels as listed in the 1909 Military Order.

 

Results of Examination - School of Musketry, Hythe.

Notification has been received that the undermentioned Non-Commissioned Officers of the Instructional Staff, at present undeergoing courses of instruction in England, passed the examination at School of Musketry, Hythe, with the following result:-

Staff Squadron Sergeant Major Kenneth McLennan - 70*

Staff Company Sergeant Major Henry George Harris - 31*

Staff Company Sergeant Major George Frederick Gardells Wieck - 1*

One hundred and thirty-seven Non-Commissioned Officers were examined.


* Does not include the qualification to instruct in teh Maxim Gun.

 

The name that stands out is Staff Company Sergeant Major George Frederick Gardells Wieck who graduated as the top of the class for that particular course. Wieck entered the Great War enrolling as a Captain and appointed adjutant of the 9th Light Horse Regiment in November 1914. His service with the 9th LHR was outstanding and received promotions. He ended the war as a Lieutenant Colonel. At the end of the war, he settled in Western Australia. In 1973, he died at the age of 92.

 

Further Reading:

Military Orders, 1903 - 1920

The Light Horse

Australian Light Horse Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

 


Citation: Military Orders, 1903 - 1920, Military Order No. 157, 1909, Hythe School of Musketry, Examination Results

Posted by Project Leader at 5:34 PM EADT
Updated: Friday, 20 August 2010 10:11 PM EADT

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