"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
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Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 31 August 1918 Topic: Diary - Schramm
Diaries of AIF Servicemen
31 August 1918
2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.
During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.
The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:
Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.
War Diaries and Letters
All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:
The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Gazli Beit Dere
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Adopted Admiralty Time which starts and midnight and continues for 24 hours.
The rations are good and sufficient. Water has to be carried from well near the beach to the bivouac about 1 mile away. Allowance 1 gallon per man per day.
Medical Captain MacDonald and three AMC details sent to 1st Light Horse Brigade.
Sergeant Cook transferred to Brigade Headquarters.
Thursday, August 31, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Hod Nabit
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0400, Column under Lieutenant Colonel WH Scott, DSO, consisting of 9th Light Horse Regiment less outposts etc, 2 Machine Guns from Machine Gun Squadron and 2 Sand Carts from 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance moved out from Hod Nabi arriving at Bayud at 0600.
0900, One Squadron ("C" Squadron under Major McKenzie) sent from south towards 513 to sweep country toward Imperial Camel Corps who were sweeping from 513.
This Squadron returned to Bayud at 1300. No traces of enemy or Bedouin being seen. Column left Bayud at 1430 arriving back at Hod nabit at 1700.
Friday, August 31, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Abasan el Kebir
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - One Other Rank marched in from 4th Light Horse Brigade.
Mounted training 0630 to 0800. Hotchkiss Rifles. Practiced dismounting for action.
Boxing tournament - inter Brigade 3rd and 4th Light Horse Brigades. Suter, 490 Sergeant J; and, Harley, 471 Sergeant A, competing.
Two Other Ranks returned from Rest Camp, Port Said.
Saturday, August 31, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Ludd area
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Barker, Lieutenant AS; and, one Other Rank proceeded to Imperial School of Instruction, Zeitoun.
One Other Rank proceeded to School of Instruction, Alexandria.
Commanding Officer made a detailed inspection of the Regiment.
Sunday, August 31, 1919
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.
The following weeks will see the various pages from the Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook, the official manual issued by the company for the use of troops in the field. The Hotchkiss Gun was introduced in the Light Horse formations during the early months of 1917. The introduction of this robust and portable gun gave the Light Horse Regiments additional mobile fire power which considereably added to their ability to sustain light combat situations and defend against vastly numerically superior forces. Apart from being an excellent weapon, it was in much demand by the Turkish forces who considered the capture of a Hotchkiss Gun well worth any risks involved in the process. This is a manual produced in 1917 and illustrates the method by which the Hotchkiss Gun was packed and moved throughout the Palestine campaign.
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