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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Tuesday, 11 November 2008
11 November 1918, Celebrations for the Armistice, Kerr Account
Topic: GW - 11 Nov 1918

11 November 1918

Celebrations for the Armistice

Kerr Account

 

2825 Private Peter William Kerr

[From: Wynn, NI, Behind the Lines, p.1.]

 

Narelle Wynn writes: "This recording of his stories took place in July 1983, 6 months before he died in February 1984, while I was home from England for 3 months. Spoken by Peter William Kerr and written by Narelle Wynn,
Granddaughter."

Wynn, NI, Behind the Lines, Brisbane 1997, p. 46:

More military discipline, you not supposed to be sick. We didn't last long before they put us into a couple of barges and sent us off down to Port Said to our own hospital. The morning after I was discharged out of GBH, that was the morning Armistice was signed, 11 November 1918.

And we were about half way across the canal in a rowing boat, about 4 of us in this boat with a Egyptian going over to the convalescence camp in Port Said. We never got any news we didn't know what was happening. Not like today, you get the news before it happens. There we were half away across the canal and holy sailor, the whole of the canal went up. Shotguns were shooting, guns were roaring, whistles were blowing. We said. "What the bloody hells going on?" We thought that a sudden attack occurred. We didn't know what the hell had happened. The old Egyptian didn't know whether to jump over board or not. He didn't know what the hell to do. We didn't know what had happened until we got to the other side. It was quite a step across the canal there, it had been widened out, we found out afterwards that the Armistice had been signed "

Our convalescence camp was just in the suburb of Port Said. We were just on edge, just off the main street just a couple of yards. And we were poor as crows and hungry as dogs.

 

Source:

Wynn, NI, Behind the Lines, Brisbane 1997.

 

Further Reading:

11 November 1918, the Armistice

August 1914

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 11 November 1918, Celebrations for the Armistice, Kerr Account


Posted by Project Leader at 8:31 AM EAST
Updated: Sunday, 31 January 2010 5:57 PM EAST
2439 Pte William Nicholld, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

 

Education Centre

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre in conjunction with the various Education authorities in Australia, has embarked upon producing a program of instruction targeted initially towards the Later Adolescence band of scholars, characteristically those who are studying in Year 9 and 10 within Australia. Each lesson will be a self contained module. Some will be more difficult than others and graded accordingly.

 

Lesson 11 Aboriginal Light Horsemen

Resource - Light Horseman Service Record - Essential Pages

2439 Pte William Nicholld,  11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement

 

 

2439 Pte William Nicholld, Attestation Paper, p. 1.

[Click on document for larger version.]

The front cover of the Attestation Paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad provides the reader with the following information:

  • Service Number,
  • Surname,
  • Given Names,
  • Age,
  • Employment,
  • Married or Single,
  • Next of Kin Relationship,
  • Next of Kin Name and Address,
  • Enlistment Date.

This information is vital as it identifies the specific soldier and in case of death or injury, allows the relatives to be informed. The next of kin was important for another reason. Each soldier was compelled to give an allotment of their daily wage to the person nominated as the next of kin. This was an essential financial consideration.

Once this information was gathered, the second page dealt with an oath to the King. The next page to give information was page 3.

 

 

2439 Pte William Nicholld, Attestation Paper, p. 3

[Click on document for larger version.]

The third page of the Attestation Paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad provides the reader with the following information:

  • Height,
  • Weight,
  • Chest Measurement
  • Complexion,
  • Eyes,
  • Hair, 
  • Religion.

The health of the potential soldier was important as the life was particularly strenuous. The ability to carry heavy weights for great distances was most important.

The next form that is most common in the Service File is the B103, the  Casualty Form - Active Service. Every movement of the soldier is recorded. The reasons for this are fourfold.

1. The location of the soldier at any one time was essential to establish where his rations were to be drawn.

2.  The form established the entitlements to drawing pay at a particular level. A soldier in the field was allowed to draw pay but when in hospital was not allowed to draw their pay as it was considered that everything to assist the soldier's recovery was provided.

3.  By tracking the movements of the soldier, it allowed early detection of desertion if that were to occur.

4. At the end of the war, the chronology of this form was used as the basis for post war entitlements such as medals, pensions, repatriation assistance, access to hospitals and any other service available for an ex-serviceman for the rest of his life.

The B103 may be as simple as one sheet or multiple sheets. It depended upon the individual serviceman.

To assist in understanding this particular form in relation to the men from the 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource, a list of terms and names are available at the Index to Common B103 Terms. The link is below.



2439 Pte William Nicholld, B103, p. 1.

[Click on document for larger version.]

The front of the B103, the  Casualty Form - Active Service provides the reader with the following information:

  • Regiment
  • Rank on Enlistment,
  • Terms of Enlistment,
  • Embarkation Date,
  • Embarkation Port,
  • Embarkation Ship,
  • Date Taken on Strength.

As can be seen, the form is a chronology of the man's service in the AIF. All B103 forms in every service file is similar. 

In this case the man has two pages to the form. To finish his story, the page will be turned over. 



2439 Pte William Nicholld, B103, p. 2.

[Click on document for larger version.]

The back of the B103, the  Casualty Form - Active Service provides the reader with the following information:

  • Chronology,
  • Fate,
  • Date.

Once the B103, the  Casualty Form - Active Service was completed due to the expiration of service, any transactions during subsequent to service were recorded on a flimsey called Transferred to Australian Imperial Force D and it was here that all post service information was maintained.



2439 Pte William Nicholld, AIF D, p. 1.

[Click on document for larger version.]

 

Page 1 of the Transferred to Australian Imperial Force D provides the reader with the following information:

  • The last rank held in the AIF,
  • The date of Discharge,
  • The place where Discharged,
  • The eligible medals awarded to the serviceman.

Information on this form depends upon the individual. This particular form can at times run into many pages.

 

2439 Pte William Nicholld, a brief military biography from The AIF Project:

William NICHOLLD

Regimental number2439
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
AddressCairns PO, Cairns, Queensland
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation25
Next of kinWife, Mrs flora Nicholld, Mission Station, Yarrabah via Cairns, North Queensland
Enlistment date18 August 1917
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/16/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 19 December 1917
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll11th Light Horse Regiment
FateReturned to Australia 20 July 1919

 

Additional Research:

To understand the terms employed in the B103, the  Casualty Form - Active Service, an index is available here:

Index to Common B103 Terms

For those interested in further study on this man, the following internet resources are available:

ADFA Summary - This is a cameo summary of his service record.

http://www.aif.adfa.edu.au:8080/showPerson?pid=193146

National Archives - This is the complete service file of 2439 Pte William Nicholld

http://naa12.naa.gov.au/scripts/imagine.asp?B=7996120&I=1&SE=1

Australian War Memorial

The Australian War Memorial carries two biographical data bases - the Embarkation Roll and the Nominal Roll which was closed in August 1919.

Embarkation details:

http://www.awm.gov.au/nominalrolls/ww1/embarkation/person.asp?p=42557


Nominal Roll:

http://www.awm.gov.au/cms_images/awm133/39/39-041.pdf




Further Reading:

Other Aboriginal Servicemen

Pte Tom Cooper

2919 Pte Alfred John Henry Lovett

2430 Pte John Johnston, 11th LHR

Listing of Aboriginal Servicemen Biographies on this site

Other related items 

Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF

11th Light Horse War Diary Index for 1918 - 1919, Lesson 11 Resource

11th LHR, AIF account about the 2nd Es Salt Raid - March to May 1918, Chapter XVI

11th LHR, AIF account about the Jordan Valley – May to August 1918, Chapter XVII

 


Citation: 2439 Pte William Nicholld, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Tuesday, 11 November 2008 9:13 PM EAST
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 127
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 127.



Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 127.

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

 

This chapter deals with Hüsnü observations of the Turkish response to Beersheba on other parts of the battlefield.

 

Further Reading:

List of all Yildirim pages

Full listing of all material about Beersheba on the blog

 


Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 127

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 13 November 2008 4:57 PM EAST
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 11 November
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 11 November

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia

 

 

The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.

 

The Diary

 

1914

Wednesday, November 11, 1914

9th Light Horse Regiment Location -  Morphettville Race Course Camp and Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Formation of Regiment occurring at Morphettville Race Course Camp, Adelaide, while "C" Squadron is formed at Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. Signalling instruction begins at Signalling School, Broadmeadows Camp.

See: Broadmeadows 1909

 

1915

Thursday, November 11, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Canterbury Slopes

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary -  New Regimental Headquarters shelled. One man wounded with shrapnel in the knee.

Wounded man: 473 Private William Ernest Quirk

 

1916

Saturday, November 11, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir Etmaler

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Boards of Enquiry assembled to inquire into losses of equipment etc.


 

1917

Sunday, November 11, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Arak el Menshiyeh.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0500 Stevens, Lieutenant WJ, with troop C Squadron moved on Summeil and found it clear of the enemy.

The Regiment concentrated in high ground one mile north east of railway station at 0900 commenced watering in Arak el Menshiyeh village bivouacking one mile south until 1600.

Horses were off-saddled here for 4½ hours this being the first time off-saddled since 4 November 1917.

At 1600 moved to one mile south of El Faluje and bivouacked for night.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary -

At 0430 the Brigade stood to arms. The situation was quiet. The 10th Light Horse Regiment took over the outpost line from 9th and 8th Light Horse Regiments who on relic proceeded to water at Arak El Menshiyeh, and draw rations.

At 0500 patrols from 9th Light Horse Regiment and Brigade scouts were pushed forward from the outpost line to reconnoitre Summeil, and at 0600 occupied that place an found it clear of the enemy.

At 0730 patrols were in communication with Yeomanry Division on the right and 4th Light Horse Brigade on the left. The situation along the entire front remained quiet, and no enemy activity was observed.

At 0930 the enemy was observed in strength holding high ridge 1½ miles north east of Summeil, and they commenced shelling Summeil from a position on high ground about three miles east. Patrols reconnoitred further forward, and came under heavy rifle and machine gun fire from these positions, and also from the high ridge one mile further north. It was now seen that the enemy had reorganised and was determined to make a stand with this rear guard, 10th Light Horse Regiment was ordered to carry out active patrolling, making itself as conspicuous as possible, without becoming seriously engaged, the object to attract attention to a line then held while the remainder of the Division moved north.

At 1700 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment occupied night outpost line Arak el Menshiyeh to Summeil, linking up with the 5th Mounted Brigade on the right and 4th Light Horse Brigade on the left, and was relieved by 8th Light Horse Regiment by 2400.

 

1918

Monday, November 11, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Mejdelaya, Tripoli

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Permission received for one officer and ten Other Ranks per Regiment to proceed to Tripoli daily for purchasing. Orders issued to Squadrons for parties to proceed daily.

1800 Information received that Germany had signed the armistice at 0500 today.

Armistice to come into force at 1100.

This stupendous news was received within 3rd Light Horse Brigade very calmly. Half an hour's fireworks display from flare pistols, a few field artillery and machine gun firing. The local church bells ringing heralded the great news. The blowing of ship sirens at sea penetrated far inland.

Smith R2826 Trooper LJ, died of illness.

 

1919

Tuesday, November 11, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.

 

 

Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 10 November

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 12 November

 

Sources:

See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy

 

Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 
Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 11 November

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Friday, 17 September 2010 9:41 PM EADT
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 11 November 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

11 November 1918

 

Bert Schramm

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 

The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary


Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 

 

 

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 10 - 11 November 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Bert Schramm

Monday, November 11, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Mejdelaya, Tripoli

Bert Schramm's Diary -  A day to be remembered. About 5.30 tonight official news stated that hostilities ceased with Germany at 6 am this morning *. I believe it is an armistice but is certain to end in peace. The noise around here when the news was made known was deafening, firing of rifles, revolvers, flares etc and cheering galore. All the boats in the harbour have been blowing their whistles ever some gunboats firing and our brigade battery firing blank ammunition. All the bells in the surrounding villages have been ringing one would imagine he was in Adelaide and I guess there are some joyful bash there tonight. I intend writing some letters tonight that when the news came through I was too excited to do anything. It has been very wet and cold today and snow has fallen in the hills above us and the hills look nice in their white covering.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Mejdelaya, Tripoli

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Permission received for one officer and ten Other Ranks per Regiment to proceed to Tripoli daily for purchasing. Orders issued to Squadrons for parties to proceed daily.

1800 Information received that Germany had signed the armistice at 0500 today. Armistice to come into force at 1100.

This stupendous news was received within 3rd Light Horse Brigade very calmly. Half an hour's fireworks display from flare pistols, a few field artillery and machine gun firing. The local church bells ringing heralded the great news. The blowing of ship sirens at sea penetrated far inland.

Smith R2826 Trooper LJ, died of illness.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 11 November

 

Darley

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

 

 

Previous:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 10 November 1918

Next:  Bert Schramm's Diary, 12 November 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.

 

War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 

 

Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 

Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 11 November 1918


Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Sunday, 12 June 2011 9:39 AM EADT

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