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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Monday, 1 December 2008
8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Samuel Vincent Moore
Topic: AIF - 3B - 8 LHR

8th LHR, AIF

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

Samuel Vincent Moore

 

Samuel Vincent Moore's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

Samuel Vincent Moore

Rank: Lieutenant [Lt]

Unit: 8th Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 1 December 1917

Cemetery or memorial details: Jerusalem Memorial, Israel

War Grave Register notes: MOORE, Lt. Samuel Vincent. 8th Australian Light Horse. 1st Dec., 1917. Age 23. Son of John and Louisa Elizabeth Moore; husband of Doris O. Moore, of 16, Austin Avenue, St. Kilda, Victoria, Australia. Native of Ararat, Victoria.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army

 

 A brief military biography of Samuel Vincent Moore from The AIF Project:

 

ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationFarmer
AddressMelbourne, Victoria
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation23
Next of kinWife, Mrs Doris Osborne Moore, c/o Mrs F Clarke, 16 Austin Avenue, St Kilda, Victoria
Enlistment date15 September 1914
Rank on enlistment2nd Lieutenant
Unit name8th Light Horse Regiment, 25th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/13/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board RMS Karmala on 6 February 1917
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll8th Light Horse Regiment
FateDied of wounds 1 December 1917
Age at death from cemetery records23
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsJerusalem Memorial, Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
6
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John and Louisa Elizabeth MOORE; husband of Doris O. MOORE, 16 Austin Avenue, St. Kilda, Victoria. Native of Ararat, Victoria

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of El Burj, 1 December 1917

8th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Samuel Vincent Moore

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 13 July 2009 10:53 PM EADT
8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Ernest Bell
Topic: AIF - 3B - 8 LHR

8th LHR, AIF

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

Ernest Bell

 

Ernest Bell's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

Ernest Bell

Service number: 345

Rank: Lance Corporal [L Cpl]

Unit: 8th Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 1 December 1917

Cause of death: Killed in action

Cemetery or memorial details: PALESTINE 9 Ramleh War Cemetery

War Grave Register notes: BELL, Lce. Cpl. Ernest, 345. 8th Australian Light Horse. Killed in action 1st Dec., 1917. Age 23. Son of Thomas and Sarah Bell, of Heywood, Victoria, Australia. M. 67.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army

 

 A brief military biography of Ernest Bell from The AIF Project:

Regimental number345
Place of birthHeywood, Victoria
SchoolHeywood State School, Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationDairyman
AddressHepwood, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Height5' 7.5"
Weight161 lbs
Next of kinFather, E Bell, 220 Rathmines Road, Hawthorn, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date23 September 1914
Place of enlistmentMelbourne, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name8th Light Horse Regiment, C Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/13/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A16 Star of Victoria on 25 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll8th Light Horse Regiment
FateKilled in Action 1 December 1917
Place of death or woundingPalestine
Age at death23
Age at death from cemetery records23
Place of burialRamleh War Cemetery (Row M, Grave No. 67), Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
6
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: George Thomas and Sarah BELL, Heywood, Victoria
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine

Embarked Alexandria for Gallipoli, 16 March 1915; admitted to New Zealand Field Ambulance, Gallipoli, 20 June 1915 (contusion, left ankle); transferred to sweeper, 21 June 1915; to 15th Stationary Hospital, Lemnos Island, 21 June 1915; embarked for Alexandria, 3 July 1915; admitted to No 2 General Hospital, Ghezireh, 3 July 1915 (influenza); transferred to Convalescent Camp, Ras-el-Tin, 6 July 1915; admitted to No 14 Receiving Hospital, 14 August 1915; discharged to unit, 15 August 1915; admitted to 15th General Hospital, Alexandria, 11 September 1915; transferred to British Red Cross Convalescent Hospital, Montasah, 11 September 1915 (pneumonia); discharged to duty, 25 October 1915; marched into Australian Overseas Base, 26 October 1915; embarked Alexandria for Mudros Bay, 3 November 1915; marched into Anzac Advanced Base, 8 November 1915.

Disembarked Mudros Bay for Alexandria, 10 January 1916; marched into Australian Overseas Base, Alexandria, 10 January 1916.

Taken on strength, 3rd Light Horse Training Regiment, Tel-el-Kebir, 24 June 1916.

Transferred to 8th Light Horse Regiment, 23 July 1916; taken on strength, Ballybunion, 24 July 1915.

To hospital, Masaid, 20 February 1917; admitted to 2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, 21 February 1917 (enteritis); transferred to No 2 Australian Stationary Hospital, Mahamdiya, 21 February 1917; to 24th Stationary Hospital, Kantara, 26 February 1917 (colitis); to 14th Australian General Hospital, Abbassia, 2 March 1917; discharged to 3rd Light Horse Training Regiment, 22 March 1917; taken on strength, Moascar, 22 March 1917.

Detached to Imperial School of Instruction, Zeitoun, 3 April 1917; passed Hotchkiss Course as Gunner, 14 April 1917; returned to unit, 14 April 1917 ; transferred to 8th Light Horse Regiment, 17 April 1917; taken on strength, Mendue, 18 April 1917.

Appointed Lance Corporal, Shellal, 26 May 1917.

Detached to Australian Mounted Division Headquarters, 8 November 1917; rejoined unit, 30 November 1917.

Killed in action, Palestine, 1 December 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, BELL Ernest

 Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of El Burj, 1 December 1917

8th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Ernest Bell

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 13 July 2009 10:50 PM EADT
8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, James Egan
Topic: AIF - 3B - 8 LHR

8th LHR, AIF

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

James Egan

 

James Egan's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

James Egan

Service number: 370

Rank: Lance Corporal [L Cpl]

Unit: 8th Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 11 December 1917

Cause of death: Died of wounds

Cemetery or memorial details: EGYPT 2 Kantara War Memorial Cemetery

War Grave Register notes: EGAN, Lce. Cpl. James, 370. 8th Australian Light Horse. Died of wounds 11th Dec., 1917. Age 25. Son of James and Bridget Egan, of 1, Cooke St., Abbotsford, Victoria, Australia. Native of Port Fairy, Victoria. C. 125.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army.

 

 A brief military biography of James Egan from The AIF Project:

Regimental number370
Place of birthPort Fairy, Victoria
SchoolOakleigh Convent (Catholic) School, St Marys, Colac, Victoria
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationLabourer
Address155 Mary Street, Richmond
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Next of kinMother, Mrs Bridget Egan, 155 Mary Street, Richmond
Enlistment date16 September 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name8th Light Horse Regiment, C Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/13/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A16 Star of Victoria on 25 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll8th Light Horse Regiment
FateDied of wounds 11 December 1917
Place of death or woundingCantard
Age at death25
Age at death from cemetery records25
Place of burialKantara War Memorial Cemetery (Row C, Grave No. 125), Egypt
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
6
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: james and Bridget EGAN, 1 Cooke Street, Abbotsford, VIctoria. Native of Port Fairy, Victoria
Family/military connectionsCousins: James Bremnan, Thomas McMahon, James McMahon, Joseph Egan, Thomas Egan, Joseph Keating, Thomas Keating.

 Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of El Burj, 1 December 1917

8th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, James Egan

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 13 July 2009 10:49 PM EADT
8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, George Fay
Topic: AIF - 3B - 8 LHR

8th LHR, AIF

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

George Fay

 

George Fay's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

George Fay

Rank: Captain [Capt]

Unit: 8th Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 1 December 1917

Cause of death: Killed in action

Cemetery or memorial details: PALESTINE 9 Ramleh War Cemetery

War Grave Register notes: FAY, Capt. George, 8th Australian Light Horse. Killed in action 1st Dec., 1917. Age 39. Son of George and Frances Fay; husband of E. J. Fay, of Binney St., Euroa, Victoria, Australia. M. 70.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army.

 

George Fay

 

A brief military biography of George Fay from The AIF Project:

Date of Birth14 June 1877
SchoolState School, Victoria
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationFarmer
AddressCreighton Creek, Victoria
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation38
Next of kinWife, Mrs Elizabeth ("Bab") Jane Fay (neé Sharpe), Creighton Creek, Victoria
Previous military serviceCommissioned as a Second Lieutenant with the 8th (VMR) Australian Light Horse, 17 March 1908
Second Lieutenant with the 16th (Indi) Australian Light Horse, 1 July 1912
Lieutenant with the 16th (Indi) Australian Light Horse, 1 July 1915
Enlistment date16 July 1915
Rank on enlistment2nd Lieutenant
Unit name8th Light Horse Regiment, 9th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/13/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A20 Hororata on 27 September 1915
Rank from Nominal RollCaptain
FateKilled in Action 1 December 1917
Place of death or woundingEl Burj, Palestine
Age at death39.6
Place of burialRamleh War Cemetery (Row M, Grave No. 70), Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
6
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: George and Frances FAY; husband of E.J. FAY, Binney Street, Euroa, Victoria

Lest we forget

Photograph Album

The following photograph album celebrating the life of George Fay has been generously made available by relatives of the Fay family.

 

"Cluny Farm", Creightons Creek, Victoria, the home of the Fay family.

 

George Fay and Elizabeth Sharp on their wedding day, 13 May 1903.

 

Elizabeth ("Bab") with five children, (left to right) Bernard, Harold, Laura, Edward, and George.

 

George Fay (seated, extreme right) consuming rations with the 8th (VMR) ALH.

 

Officers Mess, Broadford, 16th (Indi) Australian Light Horse, 1914.

 

Captain George Fay (left) and Tom Sharp in Egypt.

 

A post card from Egypt by George Fay to his brother, 16 February 1916.

The above note was written by Geoge Fay to his brother Jack. The arrangment referred to in the letter is in relation to George and Elizabeth farming "Cluny Farm" in partnership with Jack and Edith Fay. "Bab" is the diminunative by which George referred to his wife, Elizabeth.

The letter was written from the 3rd LHB (Light Horse Brigade) camp at the Heliopolis race track, the Hippodrome. The 3rd LHB used this camp to refit and rebuild after the Gallipoli Campaign during the previous year, 1915. Within two weeks after the letter, George Fay was deployed on the Canal Defences at Serapeum, a place where the 8th LHR would remain for another six months.

The transcript of the letter:

Heliopolis
February 16th, 1916

Dear Brother

I am just writing a few lines this time to catch a mail which leaves here tomorrow morning. We leave early in the morning on a two days trek otherwise it is not much doing excepting plenty of drill, all mounted work (L.H. Drill) now. I am in good form. I have not received any letters from you yet. I hear from Bab that you have had a splendid season. I would like to hear how our arrangement is working out hope all are well will write again later.

Geo

 

The Battle of El Burj, 1 December 1917

Sadly for the Fay family, during the Battle of El Burj, George Fay lost his life.

 

Captain Fay leading his squadron into action at El Burj, 1 December 1917.

This thrilling photograph demonstrates the dramatic circumstances of battle. In the distance two high explosive shells can be seen bursting. The dust of other shells can be clearly seen. The men and horses are marching towards the danger in column of troop.

 

8th Light Horsemen prepare Captain George Fay's body for burial.

 

George Fay was a popular officer so his death caused much grief amongst the men in his squadron. This poignant picture demonstrates the care and respect the men showed for his body prior to burial.

 

The Tributes

Euroa Gazette

The following is a transcript from two undated articles extracted from the Euroa Gazette, the local newspaper in the district from whence George Fay came.

 
Gallant Office Killed

Quite a wave of sorrow swept over Euroa and district when the news was received last Thursday that Captain Fay had been killed in action. Only a couple of weeks back his wife was notified that he was wounded and remaining on duty then later that he was wounded again (slight), so it was an awful shock to get news of his death. Captain Fay, who was always much loved and admired by his brother officers and men, was a sterling fellow and a good soldier. He was a prominent member of the 8th ALH. He volunteered for service very early I this war, even though he was a married man with six children, perhaps feeling for that r4eason, that he had more to fight for. He had spent all the time in hot dreary Egypt and Sinai, in company with Lieut. Colonel. Maygar (who was recently killed). Captain Fay was wounded and was ill some months back, but had returned to the firing line long ago. It is assumed that there being a shortage of officers to take his place, he chose to remain and lead his men even though wounded, and by his unselfishness and devotion to duty, hastened his death. The sympathy of the whole community is extended to his widow and children.

[Undated.]

 

Capt. Geo. Fay Killed

A few days ago it was announced that Capt Geo Fay of Creighton’s Creek one of the most popular and most capable of our local soldiers had been wounded during the fighting in Palestine but had refused t leave his men whole he was able to sit in the saddle. Yesterday the Rev WM Warry Longwood received the sad message that the gallant officer has now been killed. The local public has scarcely recovered from the shock occasioned by Lt Colonel Maygar’s death in the same field of action and a worthy crusader comrade has now made the supreme sacrifice in the cause of the empire. He was a splendid fellow beloved by all his men a worthy son of Australia. Hats off, fellow citizens, the soul of a brave man passes!

[Undated.] 

 

George Redding

After the death of Captain George Fay at the Battle of El Burj, Trooper George Redding wrote a poignant letter to Mrs Elizabeth J Fay, the wife of the late Captain George Fay.

 

The letter sent by George Redding to Mrs Elizabeth J Fay about the death of Captain George Fay.

[Click on letter for larger version.]

Port Said, 20/3/1918

Dear Mrs Fay

I am able to give you some particulars of Capt Fay's end that I haven't when I last wrote - it goes without saying he done his duty he met his death doing more as he volunteered to take his comrade's place who wasn't feeling well. I am enclosing some snapshots. The first is of his grave; the second is when the stretcher bearers are moving his body, the Dr is standing alongside; the third is where he is taking his squadron into action the afternoon of the night he was killed. You can see the shells bursting in front of them. I hope Mrs Fay you are bearing up under your very great loss. We of the eighth realise what your loss is for however we lost him ourselves, the saddest day we have had in Egypt. We mourned our poor old Colonel and as better soldier ever led men but he haven't. George was of endearing himself to all alike. Personally I miss him very much as he was one of the few I could talk of home to. I always felt I was welcome at his tent and many a happy hour I spent with him talking of the past camps where there was no shell bursting. They say in the army the eighth are unlucky. We are not because we had men like Col. Maygar, Major Shannon and Capt Fay leaving them that we got all the horse tasks to perform.

And now I will say good bye.
Trusting that you and the family are well.

I am yours truly
G. Redding. 

 

All that remains, the medals and mementos

 

The George Fay history is everyone's story.

It may give people a warm feeling to eulogise about the spirit of sacrifice and the Anzac legend, however, the reality in this story is about six children who lost their father and a wife's loss of her husband. All the family would have gladly swapped the hero status for their loved one to come home, or not to have left in the first place. In the end, as a single mother, Elizabeth Fay single handedly raised these children. One can only imagine the loneliness she felt, especially on Anzac Day or upon birthdays or major anniversaries like Christmas. A cold "Dead Man's Penny" and a listing at the AWM Roll of Honour is small change for the loss this family endured. Many other families also endured a similar fate. That is indeed the legacy from the Fay story, to reveal how the living dealt with life over the subsequent 90 years. 

 

Acknowledgements:

Nicolette Caggiati-Shortell for generously making available the Fay family records, including letters, photographs and newspaper clippings, and through her kind permission, these are published on this site.

Kathryn White who has generously provided much of the material including letters, articles and photographs regarding the death of George Fay and through her kind permission, these are published on this site.

 

Further Reading:

The Fay Family of Creighton's Creek, Elizabeth Fay 

2601 Trooper George Redding

The Battle of El Burj, 1 December 1917

8th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, George Fay

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 15 July 2009 9:17 AM EADT
8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Charles John Grachan
Topic: AIF - 3B - 8 LHR

8th LHR, AIF

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

Charles John Grachan

 

Charles John Grachan's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

Charles John Grachan

Service number: 1568

Rank: Trooper [Tpr]

Unit: 8th Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 1 December 1917

Cause of death: Killed in action

Cemetery or memorial details: PALESTINE 9 Ramleh War Cemetery

War Grave Register notes: GRACHAN, Tpr. Charles John, 1568. 8th Australian Light Horse. Killed in action 1st Dec., 1917. Age 40. Son of Martin and Elizabeth Ann Grachan, of 101, Tope St., South Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Native of Georgetown, Tasmania. M. 68.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army.

 

 A brief military biography of Charles John Grachan from The AIF Project:

Regimental number1568
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationLabourer
Address101 Tope Street, South Melbourne, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation38
Next of kinMother, Mrs Elizabeth A Graham, 101 Tope Street, South Melbourne, Victoria
Enlistment date28 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name8th Light Horse Regiment, 12th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/13/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 10 November 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll8th Light Horse Regiment
FateKilled in Action 1 December 1917
Age at death from cemetery records40
Place of burialRamleh War Cemetery (Row M, Grave No. 68), Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
6
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Martin and Elizabeth GRACHAN, 101 Tope Street, South Melbourne, Victoria. Native of Georgetown, Tasmania
Other details

War service: Egypt, Palestine

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

The Battle of El Burj, 1 December 1917

8th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 8th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Charles John Grachan

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 13 July 2009 10:47 PM EADT

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