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Wednesday, 14 October 2009
Brigade Scouts, Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance Part 10 Finding One's Way
Topic: AIF - DMC - Scouts

Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance, Part 10

Finding One's Way

Frederick Allan Dove

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade Scouts in the hills at Tripoli, December 1918

 

In 1910, Major Frederick Allan Dove, DSO, wrote a book on a subject he was very familiar with through practical experience called Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance. This book set the intellectual framework for the formation of the Brigade Scouts during the Sinai and Palestine Campaigns as part of the Great War.

Dove, FA, Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance, 1910.

 
5. - Finding One's Way. General Remarks.

The Scout who gets lost is worse than useless. How is one to learn to find the way out and back in strange country and at the same time take all precautions against being killed or captured? By cultivating the powers of observation; developing the bump of locality; learning to read a map; understanding the use of the compass; and thoroughly realising the value of the sun, moon, and stars as guides. There are wonderful tales told here and elsewhere of the extraordinary feats of bushmen in travelling across country. In Africa, our best bushmen were frequently "bushed" in an absolutely open treeless country, probably the easiest in the world to keep one's direction in. Our bushmen only excelled the regular troopers in detached work in their faculty of observation of landmarks, thus being able to find their way back, and in a greater amount of craftiness in the presence of the enemy. When it came to sending a patrol from the camp to a drift, we will say, twenty miles away and south-east as the crow flies, starting after dark in entirely new country, there was something more than mere bushcraft required from the patrol leader, and that something was training and education. It is, of course, much easier to impart this training to a man who has been brought up in the country, accustomed to ride long distances, and hunt wild animals or muster stock, than it would be in the case of a city-bred man. Nevertheless, one or two town-reared youths became among the few very reliable Scouts that I had on service.
 
(1) Finding the Way Back Over a Route Already Traversed.

In this case the "bump of locality" is all-important.

During the outward journey mental note is taken of the general direction of the journey, the relative situation of landmarks, the general slope of the country, the direction the water runs. With practice, one gets to note all these almost unconsciously, together with many smaller details, such as the class of vegetation-here white gum predominates, further on a belt of ironbark, along the hollow oak trees are noticed ; the construction of fences; variations in the nature of the soil ; outcrops of rocks, and so on.

The Scout who is at all doubtful about finding the way back should occasionally halt and look at the way he has come. In bush or scrub country, when following a road or track, be careful to note other tracks joining your route at a small angle, thus:-


a, b, c, d is the outward road. At b and c, other tracks join it. The Scout going from a to d is not likely to notice these unless he is vary observant; but coming the other way back he is sure to see them, and may be confused as to which is his right road. To sum up, the "bump of locality" is a result of a trained and practised habit of observation.
 
(2) Coming Back by a Different Route.

In an enemy's country the Scout can seldom risk coming back the, way he went out, especially through defiles, passes, or fords. He must choose a different route. Again his habit of observation of landmarks, car., will greatly help him. His training in map-reading also is of use here. A patrol goes from
 

 
a to b about ten miles. There is a dangerous spot at c that the leader wants to avoid when returning. He moves out to d and then heads for camp. A little, diagram as I have drawn it and a brief calculation will enable him to strike his direction near enough for practical purposes, as on approaching the camp or outposts lie will be sure, to recognise landmarks. There is one thing requisite here, viz. that he should always have a pretty accurate idea of the distance travelled. I always did this by judging my rate of movement and noting the time taken from point to point. There is no better way that a know of unless you can identify your position on a map. Then, of course, everything is easy.

If his “Map Memory" has been developed, he can then close up the map and put it away, but for hours afterwards he has a complete mental picture of his intended route, with all adjacent topographical features. When launched on his journey he knows - here to look for hills; where to expect watercourses and how the water runs, if any; when he will strike a well-marked road, a railway, or a telegraph line; where there are bridges, swamps, and gullies; what villages or habitations he must avoid.

The would-be patrol leader must know that the only reliable map may be the property of the General, and that he will be lucky to be allowed five minutes' study of it; that even if he have a good map he cannot be constantly pulling it out when Scouting by day, and that at night it is almost impossible to refer to it. Therefore, cultivate the "Map Memory."
 
(4) The Use of the Compass.

This is sufficiently dealt with in the Manual of Field Sketching, and is easily learned in a few minutes.
 
(5) The Sun, Moon, and Stars.

A little instruction and practice will render the patrol leader independent of the compass so long as he can see the sun, moon, or stars. As to the sun: we are taught ill childhood that the sun rises ill the East and sets in the West. This is only true, however, at the time of the Equinoxes - that is, on the 21st of March and the 23rd of September in our (Southern) Hemisphere the sun rises.
 
(3) Finding the Way to a Given Point in Strange Country.

The chief aid in doing the above is what may be called "Map Memory." This can be cultivated in peace training. When acquired, it is invaluable to a Scout. What I mean may be explained thus: Before starting on a reconnaissance the patrol leader has a map spread out before him. He is told, or shown, or finds out where his present position is and the place lie has to go to. He studies the map for a few minutes and decides on his route further and further north of East (and sets north of West) from March 21st to June 22nd; then gradually rises and sets nearer East and West respectively till about September 23rd. After that it rises and sets south of East and East till about December 22nd, and then works back again. It may be taken that at 12 noon the sun is always due north and that all shadows point due south. By occasional observation and study for a few weeks one can get estimate accurately enough the bearing of the sun at and hour of the day, providing one has a watch; or vice versa, if one has a reliable compass and a table showing time of rising and setting of the sun, one can always tell the time. When marching by the sun (or by the shadow cast by oneself, or trees, etc.) regard must be had to its apparent motion from East to West.

The movements of the moon should also be studied, and particularly so when one knows that one may be required to go on patrol any night. Its time and direction of rising and setting should be known. Only twice in the month does it rise in the East and set in the West. It rises nearly an hour later each night. Almost every almanac contains the times of rising and setting of the moon.

The stars are the most reliable guides at night. It is not necessary to have even the slightest knowledge of astronomy. But the Scout should have a sort of nodding acquaintance with the principal constellations. Their names don't matter at all - get to recognise them as you do the face of a man you often meet, yet do not know. The most conspicuous of our constellations is the Southern Cross. Near it are the Centaurs (the "Pointers"), it must again be remembered that the stars, like the sun and the moon, have an apparent motion from East to West. The position of the Cross at different times and at different hours on the same night should be observed and noted. It will be seen that it is high in the heavens in the winter and low down in the summer months. On the same evening at different hours it will be seen not only to have moved but to have changed the inclination of its longer axis toward, the horizon. The following diagrams are sufficient to shoes how the position of South may be estimated from the position of the Cross:


(1) The "Pointers" and Southern Cross.-The Cross about upright. x is the approximate position of South; got by prolonging the main axis of the Cross 31 times, then a little to the left.

(2) The Cross on its side. Note position of “Pointers."



(3) The Cross on its side. Note the position of the "Pointers."

 
The relative brightness of the stars is shown by the number of rays.

The young Scout should got a sailor or other person who knows to point out the following: - Orion, Sirius, Canopus, Scorpio, Achernar, The Milky Way, Aldebaran. It will happen often when patrolling at night that Southern Cross may be temporarily or permanently hidden by clouds, but that there are patches of clear sky elsewhere. Hence the necessity of being able to recognise other star-groups.

In marching by the stars, one must allow for their apparent motion from fast to West. For further instructions vide Manual of M.R. and F.S., page 61.
 

Previous: Part 9, Scouting For Information 

Next: Part 11, Avoiding Detection 

 

Further Reading:

Obituary, Frederick Allan Dove

Brigade Scouts

The Light Horse

Australian Light Horse Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Brigade Scouts, Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance Part 10 Finding One's Way

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 26 December 2009 4:26 PM EAST
Tuesday, 13 October 2009
Brigade Scouts, Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance Part 11 Avoiding Detection
Topic: AIF - DMC - Scouts

Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance, Part 11

Avoiding Detection

Frederick Allan Dove

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade Scouts in the hills at Tripoli, December 1918

 

In 1910, Major Frederick Allan Dove, DSO, wrote a book on a subject he was very familiar with through practical experience called Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance. This book set the intellectual framework for the formation of the Brigade Scouts during the Sinai and Palestine Campaigns as part of the Great War.

Dove, FA, Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance, 1910.

 
6. - How to Avoid Detection.

(1) By Day. - Whether moving or halted, avoid the skyline. Hills must be ascended for purposes of observation. This can be done in such a way as to obviate risk of being by hostile Scouts. In any arse, only one or two men should actually go to the crest. When there, keep away from single bushes, trees, or rocks. Undergrowth and long grass give the surest concealment. Get into a shadow if you can, hilt be careful of your background. Always take it for granted that flare is an enemy looking out for you, and act accordingly. When observing, remember that eyes were made before field-glasses. Use your eyes well and quickly first, sweeping the country from dose to you to far array. Then take up the glasses to examine, anything doubtful. When finished, slip carefully back below the crest, still believing that you are being watched for.

Movements straight forward or straight back are not so liable to betray you as movements to a flank. Before leaving your concealment, decide on your next halting place and how to get there.

Avoid roads, tracks, clearings, bare ground. If tracks of men and horses, &c., are to be looked for, do so on foot, some of the patrol keeping a sharp look out.

There is no more risky operation in Scouting than that of following up an enemy's trail, as it is so easy for him to lay an ambush for the trackers. Only one or two should do the tracking, the remainder Scouting in advance and to the flanks, thus:

The advances of patrols should be by successive movements from one point of observation to another. While halted the Scouts select the next position and the most covered approach. They should not mind going a considerable way back or making a wide circuit to attain their object. If there is no other way than by crossing clear open ground, one or two should do so quickly, making for different points, the rest remaining concealed until their mates signal “All clear."

In low brush or scrub about saddle high, movements are best made on foot; the Scouts mount occasionally to get better view around them.

Hollows, gullies, gorges give concealment but are very bad places to be discovered in. In such places the, patrol should be strung out rather than closed up, and no time should be lost in at least one Scout getting on to high ground.

(2) By Night. - Avoid making any noise, striking matches, etc. Ride in hollows, and on soft or sandy soil for preference. It is fatal to extend men by night, as calling, whistling or "cooeeing" will be most likely required to bring them together again. If anything suspicious is seen or heard, everyone should halt and dismount. One or two Scouts proceed to investigate, on foot if it is near. These men take a very careful note of their surroundings and the direction (by star, if possible) before leaving the patrol.

It must be understood that if they do not return in a reasonable time the patrol will proceed. No audible signals are to be allowed, unless for a very urgent reason indeed. Avoid habitations, unless it is part of your duty to search them. Dogs barking, cocks crowing, &c. may betray your presence. On moonlit nights, take advantage of the shadows of hills or belts of timber. Do all close examination work on foot. If your men are getting drowsy, make them dismount and lead horses for a few minutes. Most horses are wonderfully quick at night in detecting the presence or approach of strange men or animals, and will notice physical dangers, such as precipices, boggy ground, &c., before their riders. The night Scout will do well to note and heed the mute warnings given by his horse.
 
7. - Contact with the Enemy.
 

(1) When the patrol has seen without being seen: Endeavour to ascertain his numbers and arm of the service: look around for a better observation point; as soon as something definite has been ascertained, send off one mall who call find his way back; if the matter is very urgent, send two men, but not together or by the same route, if they can be safely separated. Go on observing.

 (2) When your are discovered: possible, "bluff" them as to your real intentions; try to draw their attention away from the direction in which you mean to move. If they are aggressive and too strong to be fought, divide the patrol and retire by different routes to a prearranged rallying place.

(3) At all times be prepared for an emergency, and when it comes, try to be cool. If you have been observant of the nature of the country, you will know where the nearest good cover is to be found.

Let me give one more illustration of how a small patrol may get out of a difficulty.

A patrol of three are at A (see Sketch), six miles from our Outposts, and making for a point ten miles further west. It is in the afternoon of a bright day. The country is known to contain many small prowling parties of the enemy. The patrols are under cover. Half a mile in front across the creek is a group of houses on the side of a low hill. From the houses the inmates can see along the clear banks of the creek for a mile and a half. The patrol must get on, and cannot afford the time to make a wide detour.

Around the houses are some saddled-up horses, about a dozen, mostly loose and grazing, with a man or two lounging around. Presently there is activity, but not ostentatious. The horses are caught and led behind the houses. Our patrol leader scents danger. A spur leads down towards his left front into broken low ground; but he does not want to go that way. He mounts his men and they all canter, just showing over the crest, down the spur for a hundred yards or so; one shows again lower down; they all move rapidly left about wheel, and round to their proper right. A pause is made to observe. The enemy have mounted, all of them, and are galloping diagonally to head off the patrol lower down the creek. Our men then make a bolt of it across the open to reach scrubby hill country ahead. In this they are successful. The enemy discover their mistake too late, and the patrol easily eludes the subsequent pursuit. The risk had be-en great. In war one must take risks, but every effort should be made to reduce these to a minimum when you have made what you consider the best preparations to avoid defeat, act with boldness and determination.
 
8. - Reporting Information.

This subject is dealt with fully in Field Service Regulations, Chapter 11, Secs. 9, 15, 16. I have also gone into it in Part I. of this book, (A)7, Communication.

Scouts and patrol leaders when being trained should have much practice in making verbal and written reports and rough sketches to illustrate their reports. They must above all try for accuracy in fact and detail. Some authors speak of the scout as an, amateur Sherlock Holmes, capable of writing a whole story about a few withered leaves, lying on the roadside, etc. The reading of such stuff can only tend to spoil men why might otherwise become good reconnoitrers. Our Scouts should bear in mind that the officer to wholly, they report wants Facts, not Fancies. He can form deductions if it pleases him.
 
9. - Section and Training of Scouts.

Presuming that the risen - in our regiments are already efficient soldiers - disciplined, well trained in musketry and skirmishing - those appearing to possess all or most of the following characteristics should be, selected for training as Scouts: - Strong, wiry build; active sport-loving character; brought up in a country district; good marksman (including judging distance); in Mounded Corps, a lover of his horse and a good rider; cool, quiet disposition, not prone to excitement nor exaggeration; fair amount of education.

The special training should include: Protective Scouting; patrolling; map-reading and sketching; marching on a bearing; by day and by night; finding way cut and back with and without compass or map, both by day and by night, and in familiar and in strange country; swimming rivers, etc., with and without horse ; development of the bump of locality, and the powers of observation ; hasty demolitions; what and how to report; first aid to wounded and treatment of injuries the result of accident and snake bite.
 

Previous: Part 10, Finding One's Way 

Next: Brigade Scouts

 

Further Reading:

Obituary, Frederick Allan Dove

Brigade Scouts

The Light Horse

Australian Light Horse Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Brigade Scouts, Scouting or Protective and Tactical Reconnaissance Part 11 Avoiding Detection

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 26 December 2009 4:28 PM EAST
Wednesday, 1 April 2009
Brigade Scout Roll
Topic: AIF - DMC - Scouts

Brigade Scouts 

 Roll of Known Scouts in the Light Horse

 

The most well known Brigade Scouts were the 3rd LH Brigade Scouts who were even granted their own particular scout badge which could be worn on their uniform. Harry Bostock then went onto immortalise them in his book "The Long Ride", although, as has been pointed out before and needs reiteration, this book can be a tad bit imaginary when it comes to telling history so if referring to the book, it is wise to check the facts before accepting them from Bostock. Apart from the above caveat, Bostock has done more than anyone to bring their adventures to light.

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade Scouts

Below is the collective list of men whom is believed to have served at some time with the 3rd Light Horse Brigade Scouts:

8th Light Horse Regiment

BANNAN John Joseph 1126 Pte
BOWMAN William Nesbitt James 340 Pte
COONERTY Michael 613 Pte
DEVLIN Thomas 737 Pte
FERRIER James Russell 1567 Pte
FISCALINI Frank 1266 Pte
FITZPATRICK Charles 672 Pte
FITZPATRICK William 738 Pte
GRANT Archibald John 1411 Pte
HERKES Robert 204 Pte
HEWETSON Charles Cuddlipp 808 Pte
HOAD William Hearsfield 1046 Pte
JARVIS Richard Henry 1582 Pte (possible)
JOSLIN John Henry 3124 Pte (possible)
KEALY Francis Edmund 1101 Pte
LACY James Dyson 854 Pte
LANCASTER Harold Henry 1141 Pte
LUMSDEN Norman Tait 981 Dvr
MACK John Dodd 524 Pte
MANN Robert Francis 1331 Pte, later Lt (possible)
McCONNAN Walter Alexander 429 Pte
McDONALD George Donald 1860 Pte
MCDONALD Norman Leo Lawrence 71 Pte
McELWEE William Colin 1081 Cpl
McGINNESS Paul Joseph 324 Pte
MacKAY William Gordon 977 Pte
MILES John William Joseph 418 Pte
NEWMAN Clive Fossey 562 Pte
RODERICK Thomas 1297 Pte
TAIT Albert Norman 1302 Pte
TURNER Henry James 1072 Pte
URQUHART Arthur Keith 6576 Dvr/Tpr (and later Lt)
WALDEN Thomas Lynds 469 Pte
WEARNE Albert Ernest Capt

9th Light Horse Regiment

BEARD Arthur William 958 L/Cpl
CATTLE Harold James 1527 Pte
CRUDDAS George Frederick 397 Lt
DALY Michael 1531 Pte
DINEEN Thomas 406 Dvr
GROVES George William 1236 Pte
GOODE George Roy 2600 Pte
HARDINGHAM Arthur Edward 792 Pte
KINCAID Albert Edward 653 Pte
LINACRE Frederic John 620 Lt (Put in charge of the Brigade Scouts from 27 October 1915 until January 1916)
MAY Herbert George 933 Pte - POW
MAYFIELD Frank 802 Pte
MCKENZIE Donald 455 Pte
MURRAY William Donovan 2356 Pte
PAUL Robert Pressland 1209 Pts
RETALLICK David 635 L/Cpl
RICKABY Thomas Nathaniel 1139 Pte
RIDGWAY Eric Bertram 1438 Pte
RIDGWAY Hugh Kelly 1439 Pte
ROBINSON Herbert Breacken 2318 Pte
ROHRLACK Charles 629 L/Cpl
RUNN Henry Edward 956 Pte
SAWYER William August "Toby" 2591 Pte
SCHRAMM Herbert Leslie 2823 Pte
SKINNNER [identity yet to be traced]
SMART Gilby Roy 337 Pte
WADROP Charles Gordon 1276 Pte
WHITING Stanley 628 Cpl

10th Light Horse Regiment

BOSTOCK Henry Philips 1310 Pte
CONNAUGHTON Dennis 3176 Pte
CRAIG Basil Morton 1316 Pte [Left Scouts 25 May 1918]
CULLEN John 2631 A/Sgt
DU VAL Denis 394 Scout
DUNCKLEY Charles Gilmour Lt
DURACK Neil Joseph 1741 Prov/Sgt [Wounded at Magdhaba]
FARQUHARSON Evelyn 654 Pte (possible)
FOULKES-TAYLOR Charles Douglas 1323 Pte
GREEN Luke 3534 Pte [Batman to FOULKES-TAYLOR and possibly a Scout]
HANSON John William 417 Pte
HARRIS Henry Charles 950 Pte [Left Scouts as sick, July 1917]
HARRISON Jack - still to be identified [Replaced Louden as a Scout, 19 May 1916]
HUGHES Arthur Godfrey Lt
JONES Charles David Frederick 1330 Pte
KENNEDY John 1101 Pte
KNOWLES Walter Douglas 1407 Pte
LeFROY Ernest Henry 3121 Pte [Replaced Harris as a Scout, July 1917]
LOUDON Robert James 2426 Pte [Left Scouts, 19 May 1916]
LUCAS Frank William 3046 Pte
MAHER Charles Stewart 1619 Pte
MARTIN William Clarence 1340 Pte [Promoted to L/Cpl - left Scouts 6 July 1918]
MCLACHLAN Robert Neil 961 Sgt
MOSS George Frederick 1416 Pte [Left Scouts, october 1916]
PAISLEY Leslie William 458 Sgt (scout Cpl Gallipoli)
PRINCE Milo Arthur 1269 Pte
RICHARDSON Edgar Frank 1270 Pte [Promoted to Cpl as a Scout - Became Sgt vide Durack]
SPENCER Robert Ernest 480 Scout
SWEETING Archibald Lee 1046 Pte
VIVEASH Donovan Henry Roy 1350 Pte [Left Scouts as sick, June 1918]

Leaders:

LINACRE Frederic John 620 Lt - October 1915 to January 1916
DUNCKLEY Charles Gilmour Lt - January to March 1916
WEARNE Albert Ernest Capt - March to July 1916
RICKABY Thomas Nathaniel 1139 Pte - July 1916 to June 1918
CATTLE Harold James 1527 Pte - June 1918
FOULKES-TAYLOR Charles Douglas 1323 Pte - June 1918



The following link takes you to a pic of the 3rd LHB Scouts while they were resting in the hills around Tripoli after the war ended. This pic was taken sometime in December 1918 - perhaps a last hurrah laid on for them by Wilson to celebrate and thank them for their work.

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade Scouts in the hills at Tripoli, December 1918

Schramm Photograph 

 [Click on picuture for larger version.]

 

Needless to say, if anyone can recognise a face, let us know so that we can begin to identify each man in this group.

 

4th Light Horse Brigade Scouts

The 4th Light Horse Brigade Scouts list is a bit thin on the ground since no one has done an intensive search into these men. There are obviously many more but they have yet to be uncovered.

4th Light Horse Regiment

ALLEN Jack 2456 Pte
BOWMAN Alexander Philip 3925 Pte
CRUICKSHANK William 608 L/Cpl (Awarded DCM as Scout)
FITZGIBBON Edward 412 Pte {Previous service in 9th LHR)
HARLEY William Henry 1583 Pte
HEALEY Alfred Ernest 1547 Pte (possible awarded MM as scout)
O'LEARY Thomas 1018 Pte (possible awarded MM as scout)
STENNING Harry Wilfred 3802 Pte

11th Light Horse Regiment

CLIFFORD Charles Joseph 458 Sgt subsequently Lt
GAUT Oliver 274 Pte
GUNSTON Alexander James Pte 862 ??? Subject to confirmation
HANNAN George Timothy 847 Pte ??? Subject to confirmation
HENEBERY Francis Michael 522 Pte
JAMES Stanley Gordon Sgt 457 subsequently Lt
JANEWAY Walter George 1438 L/Cpl
LEAR Leslie William 1447 Pte
MANNING Allan William Lt
MORGAN Henry Lytton 1016 Pte
SIMMONDS John Kitchner 2301 Pte
SMITH Morrison 793 Pte
SMITH William Arkley 81 Cpl AKA William Arkley-Smith
THOMPSON Frederick 84 Cpl

12th Light Horse Regiment

ANTHONESS Keith George 536 Pte
BUSH, Victor Percy 754 Pte
FISHER Norman John 1083 Pte
LEE Henry Thomas 777 Pte
LISLE Arthur Ernest 542 L/Cpl (scout officer)
MAGUIRE, Jack 17997 Pte
MITCHELL James Walter Lindsay 477 Pte
SMITH Nathaniel Henry 380 Pte (Won a MM as a scout before Beersheba.)
STEEP Samuel Wilson 407 Sig
TULLY, Henry 1558 Pte

 

5th Light Horse Brigade

The 5th Light Horse Brigade Scouts has been put together by Steve since they are all ex Camel Corps men so subject to intense scrutiny by him.

14th Light Horse Regiment

ELIASON William Leslie 2728 Cpl
GOWLAND George 1554 Pte /scout officer
GOWLAND George 1554 T/Sgt

15th Light Horse Regiment

KARNAGHAN Galbraith Charles 54 Sgt
MEADOWS Manvers George Bernard 2775 Pte


Division Scouts

ANZAC Mounted Division

COLLINS Henry Gordon 241 Pte BSqn 3 LHR


The problem with putting together lists like this lies within the fact that rarely do the service records highlight the recruitment of a scout. Also Routine Orders do not list the names of scouts except on the rare occasion. Compiling these lists mainly occurs through reading diaries and other personal sources. No one source will give up this information. the sources are diverse and striking a name is just one of those lucky gems that occasionally comes along to reward the researcher.

 

Further Reading:

Brigade Scouts, Contents 

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle - Outline 

The Australian Light Horse - Structure

 


Citation: Brigade Scout Roll


Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 6 May 2009 5:10 PM EADT
Monday, 30 March 2009
10th LHR Brigade Scouts
Topic: AIF - DMC - Scouts

10th Light Horse Regiment

Brigade Scouts 

 

 

10th Light Horse Regiment Brigade Scouts.

Picture taken at Hod Masa'id near El Arish, possibly late December 1916.
Reading from left to right: Charles Foulkes-Taylor; Basil Morton Craig; Henry Phillips Bostock; Edgar Frank Richardson; William "Bill" Clarence Martin; Henry "Harry" Charles Harris; and, Neal Joseph Durack. 

 

Service Records:

Below are the service records of the men in the photograph detailed in the order as they appear. 

 

1.  Charles Foulkes-Taylor

Regimental number1323
Other NamesFOULKES-TAYLOR, Charles Douglas
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationFarmer
AddressWoodside, Gsr, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation25
Next of kinFather, John Foulkes-Taylor, Woodside, Gsr, Western Australia
Enlistment date5 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 10th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 13 October 1915
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Light Horse Regiment
Promotions

2nd Lieutenant


Unit: LH10
Promotion date:
9 March 1918

Lieutenant


Unit: LH10
Promotion date:
9 June 1918
FateReturned to Australia 8 April 1919
Medals

Military Cross

''For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in an attack. He led his troops for a distance of 2 miles, capturing a number of prisoners, motor and mule-drawn transport. He personally shot five of the enemy who tried to resist. It was owing to his dash and good leadership that two roads were so quickly seized and held.''
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 23
Date:
12 February 1919
Other detailsMedals: Military Cross, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

 

2. Basil Morton Craig

Regimental number1316
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationFarmer
AddressYork
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Next of kinMother, Mrs Emily May Craig, Castle Hotel, York
Enlistment date14 July 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 10th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 13 October 1915
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal RollArtillery Details
FateReturned to Australia 29 April 1919
Medals

Military Medal


Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 119
Date:
17 October 1919

 

3. Henry Phillips Bostock

Regimental number1310
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationFarmer
AddressPingelly, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Next of kinFather, George Henry Bostock, Pingelly, Western Australia
Enlistment date10 April 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll3 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 10th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 13 October 1915
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Light Horse Regiment
FateReturned to Australia 10 July 1919

 

4.  Edgar Frank Richardson

Regimental number1270
Date of birth--/06/1888
ReligionProtestant
OccupationFarmer
AddressJam Creek, Broomhill, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Next of kinMother, Mrs Mary Richardson, Mulyie station, Port Hedland, Western Australia
Enlistment date22 June 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll23 June 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 9th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A20 Hororata on 1 October 1915
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Light Horse Regiment
Promotions

2nd Lieutenant


Unit: LH10
Promotion date:
3 November 1917

Lieutenant


Unit: LH10
Promotion date:
28 February 1918
FateReturned to Australia 10 July 1919
Medals

Military Cross

'At Jenin, on 20th September 1918, he displayed great gallantry and devotion to duty in the final assault on the town. With his troops he made a mounted charge against masses of the enemy on the north side, with the result that their resistance was broken down and their capture completed. Later, with only a few men, he held a portion of the Nablus road, and compelled the surrender of many more, repeating this effort several times. He did fine work.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 10
Date:
29 January 1920
Other detailsMedals: Military Cross, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

 

5. William "Bill" Clarence Martin

Regimental number1340
ReligionMethodist
OccupationSleeper cutter
AddressKelmscott, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Next of kinFather, George Kenely Martin, Kelmscott, Western Australia
Enlistment date22 July 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll21 July 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 10th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 13 October 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Light Horse Regiment
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Distinguished Conduct Medal


Recommendation date:
29 April 1918
FateReturned to Australia 29 April 1919
Medals

Distinguished Conduct Medal

'He was in charge of a section of the brigade scouts acting ahead of the brigade on its advance from Jisr ed Damie to Es Salt on 20 April, 1918. He and one member of his section advanced to within 25 yards of an enemy observation post, unobserved, and captured two of the enemy and killed the remaining enemy.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 135
Date:
11 December 1919

Bar to Distinguished Conduct Medal

'For gallantry and devotion to duty on the night of 27-28 September, 1918. When the regiment forced the crossing across the river Jordan in the face of heavy machine gun and rifle fire, this non-commissioned officer, after his troop leader was wounded, assumed command and gallantly pushed on against the enemy's position, which resulted in the capture of fifty prisoners and two machine guns.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 42
Date:
20 May 1920

 

6. Henry "Harry" Charles Harris

Regimental number950
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationStockman
AddressFirst Avenue, Mount Lawley, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation36
Next of kinFather, William John Harris, Warrnambool, Victoria
Enlistment date13 January 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll11 January 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 5th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A20 Hororata on 26 April 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Light Horse Regiment
FateReturned to Australia 10 July 1919

 

7. Neal Joseph Durack

Regimental number1741
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationStation owner
Address119 Kimberley Street, Leederville, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation25
Next of kinMother, Mrs Fanny Durack, 119 Kimberley Street, Leederville, Western Australia
Enlistment date31 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPROV SGT
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, 11th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A24 Benalla on 1 November 1915
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 13 October 1915
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal Roll2nd Lieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Light Horse Regiment
FateReturned to Australia 11 November 1917
Date of death28 November 1920
Age at death from cemetery records30
Place of burialIvenhoe Station, North West Australia
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
7
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Jeremiah and Frances DURACK

[Note: All abreviated service information extracted from The AIF Project, UNSW@ADFA, 2008.]

 

Reading the service records of these remarkable men adds to their human qualities as they give a brief dot point outline of their careers including all the highs and lows of their lives in the military.

 

Further Reading:

Brigade Scouts, Contents 

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle - Outline 

The Australian Light Horse - Structure

 


Citation: 10th LHR Brigade Scouts

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 4 April 2009 8:37 PM EADT
Sunday, 29 March 2009
Captain Albert Ernest Wearne
Topic: AIF - DMC - Scouts

Brigade Scouts

Captain Albert Ernest Wearne

 

As to Captain Wearne, the man who trained and led the Brigade Scouts in the earlier part of 1916, he had a good war.

 

Captain Albert Ernest Wearne

 

ReligionMethodist
OccupationJournalist
AddressLiverpool, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation44
Next of kinWife, Mrs. Margery Maud Wearne, Athol, Cecil Park, Liverpool, New South Wales
Enlistment date2 October 1915
Rank on enlistmentLieutenant
Unit name6th Light Horse Regiment, 11th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/11/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT SS Hawkes Bay on 23 October 1915
Rank from Nominal RollMajor
Unit from Nominal Roll8th Light Horse Regiment
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Mention in Despatches


Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette', fourth Supplement, No. 29763 (22 September 1916); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 184 (14 December 1916). Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette', Supplement, No. 29845 (1 December 1916); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 62 (19 April 1917)
FateReturned to Australia 12 November 1917
Medals

Military Cross


Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 103
Date:
29 June 1917
Other detailsMedals: Military Cross, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Extracted from The AIF Project, UNSW@ADFA, 2008


In late March the 8th LHR was selected to provide and lead a long range expedition into the Sinai with the objective of discovering problems and techniques required for such an action. The reason for the 8th LHR’s selection lay with one man, the leader of the Brigade Scouts, Captain Albert Ernest Wearne. He was considered to be the best Scout Officer in the Light Horse and so was a natural choice.

The aim of the expedition was to mount a reconnaissance overland to Wadi um Muksheib where earlier on in the year, the Turks were reported employing work parties to improve the water cisterns in the wadi’s catchment area. In addition they were ordered to inspect the water supply at Moiya Harab and El Hassif. Finally they were to report on their impressions of the land regarding distances and time required for travel, water supplies and other preparations necessary to move a large body of men across arid plains.

Two novelties were to be employed. The first was air support. An aircraft was allocated to fly in advance of the column. The pilot was given specific instructions to report on the countryside ahead of the column with a careful eye out for Turkish troops. This reduced the need for the column to send out advanced guards which then allowed the column greater speed and flexibility. The other novelty was the use of wireless. A radio transmitter was to be carried for the specific purposes of maintaining constant communication with the Anzac Mounted Division at the Canal.

By use of both technologies, it was hoped that mounted men could move rapidly because their need for supplies would be kept to a minimum. Such long-range reconnaissances then would have the ability to strike the Turks hard and disappear before the Turks were able to respond in any effective manner. Since they would have speed on their side, they could make their getaway in relative safety, always knowing the location of any pursuing enemy. If this could be achieved, a long-range raid could sever communication link over the Darb el Maghaza, the new route the Turks were developing, which ran through Bir el Jifjafa. Cutting off this route would restrict any further Turkish advances to the more established Darb el Sultani that followed the coast by way of Katia. The impact on British strategy would be huge, allowing the British to concentrate their defence of Egypt on a confined front.

The raid on Jifjafa was undertaken to fulfil this strategic imperative. Here is Gullett's account.

"Major W. H. Scott was ordered to proceed with a squadron of the 9th Light Horse Regiment (South Australia and Victoria), under Captain Wearne, to capture the position, destroy the well sinking machinery on which the enemy was reported to be working, and observe the country generally. Scott had, after allowing for the horseholders, about ninety rifles available for action, in addition to thirty-two officers and men from the Australian and Royal Engineers and the Army Medical Corps; but, when his column was complete with transport camels and their native Bikanet escort, it included no less than 320 officers and men, 175 horses, and 261 camels."


The raid was most successful and the Turks were confined to attacking from the coast. Wearne's ability on both expeditions was in no small part the reasons for their success. He begins to carry with him a mystique that projects him larger than life, as he would have been by the time Henry Bostock joined the camp at Bally Bunion for a couple day's induction into the scouts. I believe they only stayed there for 5 days, not much time to transfer all the skills. It was just enough time to work out who the new chums were by the time they hit the road and headed towards Hill 70 and Romani.

 

Further Reading:

Brigade Scouts, Contents 

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle - Outline 

The Australian Light Horse - Structure

 


Citation: Captain Albert Ernest Wearne

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EADT
Updated: Friday, 3 April 2009 10:05 PM EADT

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