"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.
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AIF, MEF, EEF & DMC, The Indian Subcontinent, Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps, Outline Topic: AIF - DMC - Indian
AIF, MEF, EEF & DMC
The Indian Subcontinent
Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps, Outline
Hat Badge of the Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps
Unitas Salus Nostra - Unity, Our Salvation
South Africa, 1902
Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps
In 1900 the Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps was established with headquarters in Kandy; the officers and other ranks were made up of Europeans, who were tea and rubber planters in the central highlands of Ceylon. It’s first Commanding Officer was Colonel R.N. Farquharson, a retired Naval Captain. The regiment was a volunteer regiment mobilized under internal emergencies or for deployments overseas.
The regiment's first deployment was in 1902 when a detachment was sent to South Africa arriving just before hostilities ended, not having experienced combat in the Second Boer War. The overall conduct of Ceylon troops received accolades from General Kitchener, Chief of Staff to Lord Roberts in South Africa, who affirmed, “The Ceylon Contingent did very good work in South Africa I only wish we had more of them.”
In the First World War the regiment sent a force of 8 officers and 229 other ranks commanded by Major J. Hall Brown. The unit sailed for Egypt on October 1914, and was deployed in defence of the Suez Canal. After which the unit was transferred to the Australia New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) and was in 1915 dispatched to Anzac Cove (‘Z’ Beach) on the Gallipoli Peninsula. The CPRC also performed operational duties as guards to ANZAC headquarter staff, including the General Officer Commanding ANZAC, Lieutenant General William Birdwood, who remarked, “I have an excellent guard of Ceylon Planters who are such a nice lot of fellows.” According to its onetime Commanding Officer (CO), Colonel T.Y. Wright (1904-1912), the CPRC had sustained overall losses of 80 killed and 99 wounded in the First World War.
The Battle of Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915, 3rd Infantry Battalion War Diary Topic: BatzG - Anzac
The Battle of Anzac Cove
Gallipoli, 25 April 1915
3rd Infantry Battalion War Diary
War Diary account of the 3rd Infantry Battalion , AIF.
The following is a transcription of the War Diary of the 3rd Infantry Battalion , AIF, of their role in the landings at Anzac on 25 April 1915.
24 April 1915
Sailing orders having been received and all arrangements for early departure. We left Lemnos at 6.15 am and sailed for nearly 5 hours coming to an anchorage at 10.55 am, where we remained until next morning.
25 April 1915
We left anchorage at 12.30 am and sailed for Peninsula of Gallipoli arriving there shortly after 4 am. In the face of a heavy fire the Division landed, the enemy being strongly entrenched on a steep headland. The Battalion commenced disembarkation at 5.30 am and the Battalion was ashore by 8.30 am. Shortly after landing the Battalion, with other Battalions, took the second ridge occupied and entrenched by the enemy. The taking of the trenches was difficult but eventually we succeeded. But at times, we were sorely pressed on the right flank. All night we occupied the trenches in the face of the foe. During the day, the Adjutant, Captain Burns, was killed, also Captain Leer. The wounded officers were Captain JW Bean, AAMC, wounded in execution of his duty (attending a wounded man under a very heavy fire). Lieutenants Carter and Cadell, both the latter receiving slight wounds. The Adjutant was at his post and Captain Leer was leading his men on when struck down. The wounded in other ranks amounted to 90, the missing was impossible to calculate and 20 men were killed.
Lieutenant OG Howell Price was appointed Acting Adjutant in lieu of Captain Burns deceased.
Altogether the day's battle was in favour of the Allies, (ie Division).
26 April 1915
The Battle again raged fiercely, the enemy making repeated attempts to regain the trenches, but the men hung on bravely - again showed their superiority of fire and discipline. Great trouble was caused by the enemy shelling our trenches but eventually the Navy succeeded in keeping their guns quiet. Towards evening the fight gained renewed vigour and a vigorous attack was made on the enemy and operations during the night were very much quieter. Lieutenant Evans (Machine Gun Section) in rescuing a wounded man from the firing line in the morning was shot dead. Mr Evans showed conspicuous bravery in saving this wounded man. Lieutenants MacFarlane, Cadell and Major ET Brown were wounded. The Division maintained its stand already made. During the day 30 men were wounded and 10 killed, one man died as a result of wounds (Sergeant Cavill) from wounded received the previous day. Reported to Brigade Headquarters deaths of Officers. The Turks appeared to be increasing in strength very rapidly. The feature of the battle was the great accuracy of the enemy's artillery.
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