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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Tuesday, 10 November 2009
10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Topic: AIF - 3B - 10 LHR

10th LHR, AIF

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Contents

 

10th Light Horse Regiment Colour Patch

 

The 10th Light Horse Regiment was formed as part of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, 3rd Contingent and attached to the Australian Division. The 10th Light Horse Regiment was  made up by recruits entirely drawn from the 5th Military District [Western Australia].

 

Structure

The Australian Light Horse – Structural outline

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle

 

Corps

Desert Mounted Corps (DMC)

 

Division

Anzac Mounted Division

Australian Mounted Division

 

Brigade

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

 

Regiment

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

 

Embarkations

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Embarkation: Headquarters

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Embarkation: Machine Gun Section

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Embarkation:  "A" Squadron

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Embarkation:  "B" Squadron

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Embarkation:  "C" Squadron

 

History

Brazier

Training by Lieutenant Colonel Noel Murray Brazier, 1914 

Unit

Formation of the 10th LHR, October 1914

 

Romani

10th LHR, AIF account about the Battle of Romani

10th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the Battle of Romani

Bir el Abd

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 10th LHR, AIF, War Diary Account 

10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

Bir el Mazar

10th Light Horse Regiment Account 

10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account 

Magdhaba

10th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account

10th LHR, AIF account

 

Beersheba

10th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

10th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Routine Orders

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

10th LHR Routine Order No 3, 1 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 4, 2 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 5, 3 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 6, 4 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 7, 5 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 8, 6 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 9, 7 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 156, 19 June 1916

 

Brigade Scouts

10th LHR Brigade Scouts

 

Embarkation

Full Roll

Roll: A - C

Roll: D - F

Roll: G - J

Roll: K - L

Roll: M - Q

Roll: R - S

Roll: T - Z

 

Individual Rolls

Regimental Headquarters Section

"A" Squadron

"B" Squadron

"C" Squadron

Machine Gun Section

1st Reinforcements

2nd Reinforcements

3rd Reinforcements

4th Reinforcements

5th Reinforcements

6th Reinforcements

7th Reinforcements

8th Reinforcements

9th Reinforcements

10th Reinforcements

11th Reinforcements Themistocles Group

11th Reinforcements Benalla Group 

12th Reinforcements

13th Reinforcements

14th Reinforcements

15th Reinforcements

16th Reinforcements

17th Reinforcements

18th Reinforcements

19th Reinforcements

20th Reinforcements

21st Reinforcements

22nd Reinforcements

23rd Reinforcements

24th Reinforcements

25th Reinforcements

26th Reinforcements

27th Reinforcements

28th Reinforcements

29th Reinforcements

30th Reinforcements

31st Reinforcements

32nd Reinforcements

33rd Reinforcements

 

Roll of Honour

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour  

Lest We Forget

 

Further Reading:

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 31 December 2009 8:44 AM EAST
Monday, 9 November 2009
10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline
Topic: AIF - 3B - 10 LHR

10th LHR, AIF

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Outline

 

10th Light Horsemen undertaking mounted drill, Guildford, Western Australia, December 1914.

[From: The Western Mail, 4 December 1914, p. 23.]

 

Formation

The 10th Light Horse Regiment was formed as part of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, 3rd Contingent and attached to the Australian Division. The 10th Light Horse Regiment went through two distinct phases during its formation.

 

"C" Squadron, 7th Light Horse Regiment

Initially, it was envisaged that the unit would be designated as "C" Squadron, 7th Light Horse Regiment as part of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade. The 7th Light Horse Regiment was to be a composite regiment based and trained in Queensland with "A" Squadron and Headquarters recruited in Queensland, "B" Squadron from South Australia with Western Australia providing the "C" Squadron. However, recruitment produced an overflow of men in all states. The result was the cancellation of the original structure of the 7th Light Horse Regiment and this regimental designation now applied to a unit raised in New South Wales.  

 

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

With the creation of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, "C" Squadron, 7th Light Horse Regiment was renamed "A" Squadron, 10th Light Horse Regiment. The 10th Light Horse Regiment was  made up by recruits entirely drawn from the 5th Military District [Western Australia]. The 10th Light Horse Regiment was established at Guildford Training Camp to the east of Perth, Western Australia, and later at Rockingham Training Camp to the south of Perth. 

 

Training 


10th Light Horse Regiment Squadron Routine Order No's 1-9, October 1914

[Click on page for larger version.]

 

Training for the 10th Light Horse Regiment occurred originally at at Guildford Training Camp to the east of Perth, Western Australia, and later at Rockingham Training Camp to the south of Perth. Reinforcement training occurred at Blackboy Hill Training Depot.

 

Embarkation

Embarkation of the 10th Light Horse Regiment was accomplished in two groups using both the HMAT A47 Mashobra and HMAT A52 Surada from Fremantle, Western Australia.

 

 HMAT A47 Mashobra

[See: His Majesty's Australian Transports [HMAT] Ships, A47.

 

The 10th Light Horse Regiment Headquarters, Machine Gun Section, "A" and "B" Squadrons embarked on the HMAT A47 Mashobra from Fremantle, Western Australia, 8 February 1915.

 

HMAT A52 Surada

[See: His Majesty's Australian Transports [HMAT] Ships, A52.]

 

10th Light Horse Regiment "C" Squadron embarked on the HMAT A52 Surada from Fremantle, Western Australia, 17 February 1915.

The 10th Light Horse Regiment sailed to Egypt and disembarked on 8 March 1915.

 

Colour Patch

Initially, the only colour separation of the various Australian mounted troops was by use of the pennant. The marker pennants were carried on poles to mark lines troop lines in camps in Egypt. They were not lance pennants as the Australian lancers had red over white pennants on their lances.

 

Pennant of the 10th Light Horse Regiment

 

While this pennant was useful in distinguishing horse and troop lines, it failed to identify the individual with a unit. The AIF 1st Australian Division Standing Orders issued in December 1914 ordered the Australian Light Horse Regiments to wear a 4 inch wide [10.2cm] blue armband with the regiment name marked on the band in black lettering.

The earlier systems proved to be ineffective so to assist with identification of the men in the various units within the AIF, Divisional Order No 81 (A) Administration was issued at Mena on 8 March 1915 detailing the Colour Patch for the 10th Light Horse Regiment as others received their colours. The colour patch was made of cloth 1¼ inches wide and 2¾ inches long and worn on the sleeve one inch below the shoulder seam. The colour patch for the 10th Light Horse Regiment was black over yellow.

 

10th Light Horse Regiment Colour Patch

 

The 10th Light Horse Regiment carried the yellow Brigade colour as the lower triangle part of the colour patch, while the black unit colour was on the top. This is illustrated with the above presentation.

 

Gallipoli

As mounted troops, the Light Horse was considered to be unsuitable for work in Gallipoli. The mounted troops volunteered to operate as infantry and thus were sent to Gallipoli with the 10th Light Horse Regiment landing on 20 May 1915. The Regiment was deployed on primarily defensive activities at Russel's Top and Rhododendron Spur throughout the stay at Gallipoli. The 10th Light Horse Regiment participated in the ill fated charge at the Nek on 7 August 1915 where most of the Regiment was either killed or wounded. The 10th Light Horse Regiment participated in the attack at Hill 60 on 27 August 1915. The 10th Light Horse Regiment left the peninsula on 20 December 1915.

 

Defence of Egypt

After the return to Egypt, the 10th Light Horse Regiment reformed and re-equipped. The reorganisation of the Light Horse led to the formation of the ANZAC Mounted Division to which the 10th Light Horse Regiment became a foundation member.

On 28 February 1916, the 10th Light Horse Regiment moved to join its parent brigade, the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, which was taking part in the defence of the Suez Canal. The work was hot and monotonous. They remained here until moved to the Romani region to bolster the defence of that area.

 

Sinai

The 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade played an important role in beating back the Turkish invasion of the Suez Canal zone at Romani. Now known as the Battle of Romani which lasted from 4-6 August which was quickly followed by the Battle of Katia and then Bir el Abd on 9 August. All the actions in which the 10th Light Horse Regiment finally led to the defeat of the Ottoman Canal Expeditionary force and its retreat to Bir el Mazar.


Over the next few months, the 10th Light Horse Regiment took part in the Allied advance over the Sinai leading to the fall of Bir el Mazar, then El Arish followed by Bir el Magdhaba and finally Rafa in January 1917. The Ottoman forces were expelled from the Sinai and were poised to be tackled in Palestine.

 

Palestine

On 27 March 1917, the 10th Light Horse Regiment took part in the First Battle of Gaza. While involved in the encirclement of the city as a prelude to its capture, the 10th Light Horse Regiment received the order to withdraw and return to the starting line. Grudgingly they did so but realised the Turks had snatched victory out of the jaws of defeat.

The 10th Light Horse Regiment  took part in the Second Battle of Gaza on 19 April 1917 and suffered the heaviest casualties since Gallipoli.

The 10th Light Horse Regiment took part in the Battle of Beersheba and then the follow up actions that lasted until early January 1918.

From this time onwards, for the next two months, the 10th Light Horse Regiment remained in continuous combat action until relieved for three months refit and training at Deir el Belah from early January 1918.

In early April 1918, the 10th Light Horse Regiment moved into the Jordan Valley and took part in the invasion of Moab and took Es Salt during the action of 30 April – 4 May 1918. Unfortunately, due to a Turkish attack on the lines of communication, this raid nearly turned into a disaster where the Turkish forces almost cut off the Australian Mounted Division in the hills.


Megiddo

In a move that converted the Light Horse into full cavalry, the Australian Mounted Division was issued with swords during August and early September 1917. The Australian Mounted Division went to work training with swords and undertaking cavalry work.

On 19 September 1918 the Battle of Megiddo began. The infantry over ran the Turkish defensive trenches allowing the cavalry to debouch into the Turkish hinterland. The 10th Light Horse Regiment participated in the breakthrough which moved rapidly through the north of Palestine. At the end of the first week, it was obvious that the way to Damascus was open and so a second push occurred on the heels of the first assault. On 1 October 1918, Damascus was taken. As part of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade, they marched through the city after its surrender by the Sarai.

After a rest in Damascus, the 10th Light Horse Regiment moved towards Homs when the Turks surrendered on 30 October 1918.

 

Return to Australia

After the conclusion of hostilities, the 10th Light Horse Regiment was marked to return to Australia. Prior to that action, one of the saddest actions occurred for the Australian Lighthorsemen, they had to farewell their best friends, the horses. All the Light Horse unit horses' health was ascertained with the fit horses being transferred to the Indian Cavalry while those in poor condition were destroyed by the Veterinary units.

On 13 March 1919 the 10th Light Horse Regiment was deployed  to assist in suppressing the Egyptian Uprising. When the revolt collapsed, the 10th Light Horse Regiment embarked on the 10 July 1919 for the long voyage to Australia where the unit was disbanded. 


Commanding Officers

Lieutenant Colonel Noel Murray Brazier
Lieutenant Colonel John Burns Scott
Lieutenant Colonel Percy Phipps Abbott
Lieutenant Colonel Clive Lanyon Nicholas
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas John Todd
Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Edward Grimwood
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Charles Niquet Olden
 

Decorations earned by the 10th Light Horse Regiment

  • 1 VC - Victoria Cross
  • 1 CMG - Companion in The Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George
  • 3 DSO & 1 Bar - Distinguished Service Orders
  • 1 MBE - Member of the British Empire
  • 9 MC & 1 Bar - Military Crosses
  • 15 DCM & 1 Bar - Distinguished Conduct Medals
  • 15 MM- Military Medals
  • 3 MSM - Meritorious Service Medal
  • 48 MID - Mentioned in Despatches
  • 2 foreign awards 

 

Campaigns

Gallipoli

  • Defence at Anzac
  • Suvla
  • Sari Bair
  • Gallipoli 1915-1916

Egypt

  • Defence of Egypt

Sinai

  • Romani
  • Magdhaba
  • Rafa 

Palestine

  • First Battle of Gaza
  • Second Battle of Gaza
  • Third Battle of Gaza
  • Beersheba
  • El Mughar
  • Nebi Samwill
  • Jerusalem
  • Jericho
  • Es Salt
  • Megiddo
  • Sharon
  • Palestine 1917-1918

 

Casualties suffered by the 10th Light Horse Regiment

  • 237 killed
  • 479 wounded


War Diary

The Australian War Memorial has put these on line and may be accessed here:

10th Light Horse Regiment War Diaries.

 

Embarkations:

The following list details all the embarkations in support of the 10th Light Horse Regiment, AIF, during the Great War. Each entry details to formation and the ships on which the units embarked with the date and place of embarkation. The detail of the formation is linked to a list of men who embarked upon that ship on the specific date.

Regimental Headquarters Section

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A47 Mashobra 17 February 1915

"A" Squadron

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A47 Mashobra 8 February 1915

"B" Squadron

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A47 Mashobra 8 February 1915

"C" Squadron

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A52 Surada 17 February 1915

Machine Gun Section

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A47 Mashobra 8 February 1915

1st Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A52 Surada 17 February 1915

2nd Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A50 Itonus 19 February 1915

3rd Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A50 Itonus 19 February 1915

4th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A8 Argyllshire 19 April 1915

5th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A20 Hororata 26 April 1915

6th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A63 Karoola 25 June 1915

7th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A61 Kanowna 30 June 1915

8th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A68 Anchises 2 September 1915

9th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A20 Hororata 1 October 1915

10th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A32 Themistocles 13 October 1915

11th Reinforcements Themistocles Group

11th Reinforcements Benalla Group

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A32 Themistocles 13 October 1915

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A24 Benalla 1 November 1915

12th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board RMS Mongolia 22 November 1915

13th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A30 Borda 17 January 1916

14th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A69 Warilda 16 February 1916

15th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A38 Ulysses 1 April 1916

16th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A52 Surada 16 May 1916

17th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A52 Surada 16 May 1916

18th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board RMS Morea 6 June 1916

19th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board RMS Mongolia 17 July 1916

20th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board RMS Malwa 31 July 1916

21st Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board RMS Mooltan 28 August 1916

22nd Reinforcements

Adelaide, South Australia on board HMAT A41 Bakara 4 November 1916

23rd Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A45 Bulla 22 January 1917

24th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A6 Clan Maccorquodale 13 February 1917

25th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board RMS Karmala 12 February 1917

26th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board RMS Morea 26 February 1917

27th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A15 Port Sydney 22 May 1917

28th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A15 Port Sydney 22 May 1917

29th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A17 Port Lincoln 30 June 1917

30th Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A55 Kyarra 17 September 1917

31st Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A73 Commonwealth 9 November 1917

32nd Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board HMAT A73 Commonwealth 9 November 1917

33rd Reinforcements

Fremantle, Western Australia on board SS Ormonde 13 March 1918

See: Troop transport ships for information and photographs about the various ships employed in transporting the troops to Egypt.

 

Further Reading:

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Sunday, 31 October 2010 3:56 PM EADT
Sunday, 8 November 2009
10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour
Topic: AIF - 3B - 10 LHR

10th LHR, AIF

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men known to have served at one time with the 10th Light Horse Regiment and gave their lives in service of Australia, whether as part of the 10th Light Horse Regiment or another unit.

 

Roll of Honour

 

Robert John ADAMS, Died of Disease, 24 April 1919

James ANDERSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William Fleming ANDERSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Stanley Gordon ANDREWS, Killed in Action, 10 August 1916.

William ANGLESEY, Died of Wounds, 24 June 1918.

George ARMITAGE, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Percival William ARMSTRONG, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Maurice AYLIFFE, Died of Wounds, 17 October 1918.

 

 

Thomas Francis BAILEY, Died of Accident, 6 July 1919.

Duncan Farquhar Grant BAIN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

David BAKER, Died of Wounds, 21 October 1918.

Reginald Michael BANNON, Killed in Action, 27 October 1917.

Thomas BANTOFT, Killed in Action, 28 March 1918.

Harold BARRACLOUGH, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Maurice Joseph BARRY, Died of Wounds, 23 April 1917.

Alfred Septimus BARTLETT, Died of Wounds, 21 April 1917.

Robert Leslie BEARD, Died of Wounds, 14 June 1915.

Herbert Alexander BELL, Killed in Action, 9 August 1916.

Roy BENNETT, Died of Wounds, 11 September 1915.

Arthur John Thomas BIGGS, Died of Wounds, 10 January 1917.

Leslie Thomas BIRD, Killed in Action, 30 September 1918.

James BLADEN, Died of Wounds, 4 May 1917.

William BLAKE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John Noel BONNEY, Died of Wounds, 18 October 1918.

Horace BOWER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Edgar Vernon BRADY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Alfred Blake BREMNER, Died of Wounds, 3 June 1918.

Hubert Howden BROCKMAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Sydney BROOKS, Died of Wounds, 15 October 1918.

Edward John BROWN, Died of Wounds, 28 October 1918.

John BROWN, Died of Wounds, 1 June 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

William Thomas BROWN, Died of Wounds, 31 March 1918.

Thomas BUCKINGHAM, Died of Wounds, 10 August 1915.

John Cyril BUGDEN, Died of Wounds, 15 June 1916.

Henri Louis BULAND, Died of Wounds, 10 February 1919.

Frederick John BUNCE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Thomas Francis BURGES, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Arthur Lowerly BURN, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Alban John BURTON, Died of Wounds, 9 August 1918.

Albert James BUTLER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William BYRON, Died of Wounds, 2 June 1919.

 

 

James Percival CAMERON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Harold de Causey CAPORN, Killed in Action, 15 October 1915.

Allen John CHARLESTON, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Norman CHEETHAM, Killed in Action, 31 July 1917.

Douglas Roy CHIDGZEY, Killed in Action, 30 April 1918.

Henry Thomas CHIPPER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Lindsay Lewis Sterling CHIPPER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Ross Richard Vivian CHIPPER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Henry CHRISTIE, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

John Henry CLAYTON, Died of Wounds, 30 August 1915.

Albert George COBB, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Louden Park COCHRANE, Killed in Action, 8 November 1917.

George COCKBURN, Died of Accident, 8 July 1917.

George Edwin COLK, Died of Wounds, 31 August 1915.

Herbert Alfred COLLINS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Thomas COMBLEY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Neil John CONWAY, Killed in Action, 3 May 1918.

Allan James COOKE, Died of Wounds, 9 August 1916.

William Michael COONAN, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Harry CORKER, Died of Wounds, 22 August 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Raymond Talbot COWAN, Died of Wounds, 24 October 1918.

Alfred COX, Died of Wounds, 25 July 1915.

William James COX, Died of Wounds, 13 October 1918.

Arthur Joseph Dennis CRONIN, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Archibald CROWE, Died of Wounds, 31 August 1915.

John James CRUITE, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1915.

Richard Edward CUMMING, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Allan CUMMINGS, Killed in Action, 15 June 1915.

Joseph Percy CUTLER, Died of Wounds, 4 October 1917.

 

 

Frank DACK, Killed in Action, 30 August 1915.

George DALLING, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Rowland Dudlyn DAVIS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

James Arthur DEAN, Died of Wounds, 3 November 1916.

George Parkman DEBNAM, Died of Wounds, 25 September 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Leslie Sylvester DELANEY, Killed in Action, 30 March 1918 .

George Ernest DeMOLE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Reginald Garry DEMPSTER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

James DICKERSON, Died of Wounds, 30 August 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Murray John DICKSON, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Ralph Ernest DISHER, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Geoffrey Hardwick DODSON, Killed in Action, 2 May 1918.

David DORAN, Killed in Action, 4 May 1917.

Amos Leonard DOUST, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William Thomas DOWDELL, Killed in Action, 12 October 1917.

Hubert Howden DRAKE-BROCKMAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Denis DU VAL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Richard James DUNSTAN, Died of Wounds, 10 August 1918.

Michael DWYER, Killed in Action, 31 July 1918.

Norman Charles DYER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

 

Henry John EATON, Killed in Action, 17 July 1917.

Ronald Swan EDGAR, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Herbert Thomas Noel EDWARDS, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Thomas William EDWARDS, Killed in Action, 27 September 1918.

Peter EGERTON-WARBURTON, Died of Wounds, 9 August 1915.

Albert Henry ELLIS, Killed in Action, 3 May 1918.

William Williamson EUSTACE, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1915.

John Charles EYRE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

 

Joseph Thomas FACEY, Killed in Action, 14 September 1915.

Albert Edward FARE, Killed in Action, 4 December 1916.

Walter FELSTEAD, Died of Wounds, 20 October 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Basil Middleton FENWICK, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Sutton Henry FERRIER, Died of Wounds, 9 September 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Hobart Douglas FIRNS, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Jack FLUX, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Alan Robert FORBES, Died of Wounds, 11 October 1918.

Richard Andrew FORBES, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Henry Clinton FOSS, Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

Frederick Leopold FRASER, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

James Malcolm FROST, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

Henry Phillip FRY, Died of Wounds, 29 August 1915.

Charles Franklin FUHRMANN, Died of Wounds, 13 August 1918.

Richard Frank FUNNELL, Died of Accident, 26 August 1917.

Alexander Howard Parker FYFE, Killed in Action, 26 September 1917.

 

 

Alexander GANNAWAY, Died of Wounds, 25 August 1915.

Henry Charles GARDINER, Killed in Action, 21 October 1917.

William GILBERT, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Hubert Evelyn GILLAM, Died of Wounds, 29 August 1915.

Sydney Davenport GILLAM, Died of Wounds, 29 August 1915.

Henry Walker GODRICH, Died of Wounds, 11 April 1918.

John Alexander GOLLAN, Died of Wounds, 30 August 1915.

Richard Baxter GOULD, Died of Wounds, 2 April 1918 .

Allan George GOYDER, Died of Wounds, 11 May 1918.

Gerald Francis GRAY, Killed in Action, 25 May 1915.

Lewis John GREAY, Killed in Action, 16 September 1916.

William Ernest GREEDY, Killed in Action, 17 August 1915.

Edward Owen GREEN, Died of Accident, 29 November 1918.

Alexander Richard GUTHRIE, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1915.

 

 

William HAHN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Charles Arthur Jocelyn HALL, Died of Wounds, 29 August 1915.

George Frederick HALL, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Herbert HALLETT, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

John HALLETT, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Herbert Bowen HAMLIN, Died of Wounds, 30 May 1919.

Arthur HANCOCK, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Gresley HARPER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Wilfred Lukin HARPER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Albert Edward HARRISON, Killed in Action, 30 March 1918.

John James Irwin HARRISON, Died of Wounds, 15 August 1916.

Rorbert Edward HARRISON, Died of Wounds, 22 July 1915.

Thomas Charles HART, Died of Wounds, 25 September 1915.

Geoffrey Garnet HASFALL, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Oscar Donald Humfray HASSELL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Eric Harold HAWTIN, Killed in Action, 10 December 1916.

William Thomas HAYES, Died of Wounds, 12 April 1917.

Richard HEINRICH, Killed in Action, 13 October 1917.

Thomas James HELLER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Walter Harrold HERFORD, Died of Wounds, 4 October 1917.

Frederick Edward HICKS, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Alexander McPherson HILL, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Henry HILL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Henry George HILL, Died of Wounds, 11 August 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Stewart Roy Luxmoore HOCKIN, Died of Wounds, 25 July 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Thomas Edwin HOLLAND, Died of Wounds, 31 August 1915.

Willy HOLLINGS, Died of Accident, 26 November 1918.

Douglas Walter HOPKINS, Killed in Action, 30 May 1915.

Christopher Leslie HOUGH, Killed in Action, 18 August 1916.

Francis George HOWELL, Died of Wounds, 22 December 1917.

Geoffrey Castell HOWELL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Raymond HOWELL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William HUGGINS, Died of Wounds, 13 October 1918.

Clarence Edward HUTTON, Killed in Action, 17 August 1915.

Ernest HYDE, Died of Wounds, 19 October 1918.

 

 

David Alexander JACKSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Charles David Frederick JONES, Killed in Action, 23 December 1916.

 

 

Edward KENNEDY, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Frederick William KIRSCH, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Louis Alfred KLOPPER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Walter Douglas KNOWLES, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

 

 

Henry Claude LADYMAN, Died of Wounds, 10 January 1917.

William Henry LAILEY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Thomas Victor LAKELAND, Killed in Action, 10 September 1915.

Joseph LAMB, Died of Wounds, 1 February 1917.

Roland Oscar LANE, Died of Wounds, 21 November 1915.

Harry LANGDON, Killed in Action, 20 September 1917.

George Arthur LEAKE, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Francis George LEE, Died of Wounds, 20 August 1918.

Reginald LEGGE, Died of Wounds, 18 January 1917.

Urban Rowland LEVERMAN, Died of Wounds, 18 October 1918.

Edwin Thomas LEWIS, Killed in Action, 1 June 1915.

John Percival LEWIS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Arthur Newton LINTOTT, Died of Wounds, 9 August 1916.

Dudley LUKIN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

 

Colin Hendric MacBEAN, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

William Cuthbert MacKENZIE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Duncan Mark MacLAREN, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

John Abington MacLEOD, Died of Wounds, 9 May 1917.

Keith Percy MacNISH, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

William Henry MASON, Died of Wounds, 9 August 1915.

John MATHISON, Killed in Action, 18 March 1919.

Reginald Edward MAYWOOD, Died of Wounds, 10 May 1918.

Ernest McALIECE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William John McCALL, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Ivanhoe McCARTHY, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917.

Alfred John McCLUSKY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Claude Rutherford McCORMICK, Killed in Action, 31 July 1918.

George McCURDY, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

John Blacklock McJANNET, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Donald McLEAN, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Donald Stanley McLEAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Francis McMAHON, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Robert Thompson McMASTER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Richard Andrew McNAMARA, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Henry George McNEILL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Alexander McPHEE, Died of Wounds, 9 February 1916.

Gordon McRAE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Clifford John McWHIRTER, Died of Wounds, 6 October 1918.

Samuel George McWHIRTER, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

James Thomas MINITER, Died of Wounds, 16 October 1918.

Percy Sutherland MOFFLIN, Killed in Action, 16 June 1915.

Harold MOORE, Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

Reginald Johnstone MOORE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Charles Abraham John MOULTON, Died of Wounds, 19 August 1916.

Cecil Francis MUMBY, Died of Accident, 27 August 1918.

 

 

George NEILSON, Killed in Action, 13 January 1918.

John Johnston NELSON, Died of Wounds, 3 February 1916.

Raymond Richard John NORRISH, Died of Wounds, 31 December 1917.

William Reginald Eustace NORTHEY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

 

George Henry OLIVE, Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

 

 

Lester Osborne PADMAN, Died of Accident, 15 October 1917.

Albert Edward Seymorne PARSONS, Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

Leonard Parker PAYNE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Clyde Bowman PEARCE, Killed in Action, 10 June 1917.

Arthur Albert PEARSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Ernest PENNY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Ernest PENTZIN, Killed in Action, 17 September 1916.

Walter Samuel PETTIT, Died of Wounds, 5 February 1917.

Charles Herbert PFORDTEN, Died of Wounds, 12 August 1916.

Vernon Frederick PIESSE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Arthur Thomas PITTS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John Morton PLAYNE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Edward POOLE, Killed in Action, 8 October 1917.

Herbert POPE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Benjamin POUNTNEY, Killed in Action, 23 December 1916.

William Herbert PRATT, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Henry Albert Franklin PRICE, Died of Wounds, 20 April 1917.

James Allan PRIDE, Died of Wounds, 7 February 1919.

 

 

Alexander RAE, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1915.

Arthur Roland RALPH, Died of Wounds, 13 May 1918.

Frank Albert RAWLINGS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John REGAN, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1915.

Reginald Malcolm REID, Killed in Action, 30 May 1915.

Bert REYNOLDS, Killed in Action, 6 November 1917.

George Wallace RICHARDSON, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1915.

Charles Archibald ROBINSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

James Jacob RODSTED, Died of Wounds, 6 November 1917.

Jack ROLLO, Died of Accident, 14 June 1919.

George Thomas ROSE, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Leopold James Cecil ROSKAMS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Willian Allardice ROSS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Andrew Percival ROWAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Harold RUSH, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Walter Jordan RUSK, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Heinrich Carl Ludwig RUWOLDT, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Edward RYAN, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Thomas John RYAN, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

 

 

George Edward SANDERSON, Killed in Action, 30 March 1918.

George Frederick Henry SANDY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Ernest Charles Gordon SCOTT, Died of Wounds, 19 July 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

John Andrew SCOTT, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John Burns SCOTT, Killed in Action, 8 October 1915.

Frank William SCRIVENS, Died of Wounds, 20 August 1915.

Percy SEAMAN, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

William Alfred SHADBOLT, Died of Wounds, 1 September 1916 .

Clarence SHEPHERD, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Horace Richard SIMMONS, Killed in Action, 18 October 1917.

Cecil Henry SINCLAIR, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Cyril Gordon SMITH, Died of Wounds, 11 November 1917.

Archibald SMYTH, Died of Wounds, 2 January 1919.

Willian John SNUDDEN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Robert Ernest SPENCER, Died of Wounds, 31 August 1915.

John SPRINGALL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Lewis Harrington STAFFORD, Killed in Action, 8 October 1917.

Henry John STOW, Killed in Action, 4 May 1917.

Patrick Francis SULLIVAN, Killed in Action, 3 May 1918.

Clarence Edward SUTTON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Archibald Lee SWEETING, Died of Wounds, 17 August 1916.

 

 

Lawrence Michael TAYLOR, Died of Wounds, 21 April 1917.

Victor Sewell TAYLOR, Killed in Action, 23 December 1916.

William Gill THOMAS, Died of Wounds, 9 November 1918.

Thomas THOMPSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John James THORNETT, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Frank Eric THROSSELL, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

Frank TIMMS, Killed in Action, 10 November 1917.

Owen Stanley TIMMS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Thomas John TODD, Died of Wounds, 23 January 1919.

Cyril Augustus TONKIN, Died of Wounds, 21 February 1919 .

Frederick William TREEBY, Killed in Action, 3 May 1918.

Wilford Roy TRENAMAN, Killed in Action, 30 March 1918.

Alexander Phipps TURNBULL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Leonard Woodward TURNER, Died of Wounds, 27 July 1915.

 

 

George VELPMAN, Killed in Action, 6 February 1917.

Leyshon VILLIS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Donovan Henry Roy VIVEASH, Died of Wounds, 28 September 1918.

 

 

Albert Victor WALLIS, Killed in Action, 3 May 1918.

Ernest Joseph WALTON, Killed in Action, 29 August 1915.

Keith Everard WATT, Killed in Action, 11 July 1915.

Walter Charles WEST, Died of Wounds, 29 September 1915.

Frederick Harold WESTON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Edwin James WHITE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Lawrence Hamill WHITE, Died of Wounds, 14 October 1916.

Irwin Munro WHITFIELD, Killed in Action, 3 May 1918.

Roy Parkin WIGELSWORTH, Died of Wounds, 12 October 1918.

James Thomas WILKERSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

David WILLIAMS, Killed in Action, 14 June 1917.

Philip Harding WILLIAMS, Killed in Action, 31 August 1916.

Royce WOODHEAD, Killed in Action, 11 April 1918.

 

Lest We Forget

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.
 

Further Reading:

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Saturday, 17 April 2010 3:23 PM EADT
Sunday, 9 August 2009
Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account
Topic: AIF - 3B - 10 LHR

Bir el Abd

Sinai, 9 August 1916

10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

 

Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Charles Niquet Olden produced the unit history for the 11th LHR in 1921 called the Westralian cavalry in the war: the story of the Tenth Light Horse Regiment, A.I.F., in the Great War, 1914-1918, which included a section specifically related to the battle of Beersheba and is extracted below.

Olden, A.C.N., Westralian cavalry in the war: the story of the Tenth Light Horse Regiment, A.I.F., in the Great War, 1914-1918, (Melbourne 1921).

 

The Inverness Battery opened fire on the enemy position early in the morning, and the 8th Regiment made a determined attack, but the enemy held on grimly and maintained his position till darkness set in. At dawn on August 8th the 10th Regiment moved forward to attack the Sagia Ridge, to find, on occupying it, that the Turks had again retreated during the night.

Touch was here obtained with the 5th Light Horse Regiment (2nd Brigade) on our left, and the advance continued. Hod Hassaniya was reached during the afternoon, and occupied as our outpost line for the night. The enemy was reported in force, occupying a redoubt and ridges in the vicinity of Mushalfat - about three miles east of Hassaniya; and this report was verified early the next day (August 9), when the 8th Light Horse Regiment, moving in advance of the Brigade, was held up here.

A reconnaissance disclosed the fact that the Turkish position at Mushalfat was one of considerably greater strength than any hitherto encountered by our people. It had been admirably selected as to terrain, and contained a formidable trench system. It was also clear that the enemy intended to offer increased opposition. His line was shorter, but the prospects of our outflanking him did not appear bright.

The sand became immeasurably heavier and more difficult to negotiate, whilst the horses, which had performed wonderfully well on scant forage and poor water, could not be expected to go on indefinitely under such adverse conditions. Consequently our attacks had of necessity to be delivered more or less frontally, and in these the Inverness Battery rendered substantial aid. With a couple of heavy horses extra per gun, the Highlanders had struggled along through the desert, and were never far behind the horsemen. Great credit is due to Major Fraser and his men for their fine effort.

On this day the Battery harassed the Turkish defences unceasingly, firing over 500 rounds of 18pd. ammunition, whilst the 8th and 9th Regiments carried on a brisk fight. But the Turks, apparently in much superior numbers to the attackers, held their ground. Indeed, towards evening they made a determined counterattack with the bayonet, and for a time it appeared that things would go hard with the 9th Regiment. The timely arrival, however, of "B" Squadron of the 10"' Regiment, under Major H.C.H. Robertson, and later on "C" Squadron under Major S.E. Grimwood, turned the scale, and they were driven back, leaving many dead. At 2 a.m. that night two troops of "A" Squadron under the Regimental Second-in-Command (Major T.A. Kidd) moved out to reconnoitre the Mushalfat redoubt, with a view to finding out if it was still occupied or whether the Turks had followed their usual custom of retiring under cover of darkness.

The party moved through our outpost line and approached close to the redoubt, when suddenly from three sides blazed the fire of between 30 and 40 rifles, at point-blank range. The party turned and galloped back at top Speed. As one man said afterwards, "It was a true-run race! We were all triers!" Men and horses fell headlong over the dunes, but by a miracle neither a horse nor a man was hit.

August 10th and 11th were devoted to continuous shelling and sniping on both sides, whilst the New Zealanders were attacking Bir el Abd. During the morning of the 11th a thrilling duel in the air took place over our lines, the first that our troops had witnessed, and to our dismay our machine was shot down by the German, apparently with the greatest ease. The superiority of the German plane was very marked, and for many months to come we were to have the humiliation of seeing our splendid flying personnel suffering under this unequal combat.

The comparison of the British machines to the German during the campaign in Sinai was as a draught horse to a thoroughbred. Our pilots were bold, daring and skilful beyond praise. There was nothing they would not attempt, no danger they would not face, in standing by and helping their comrades-in-arms on the ground below; and it was no fault of theirs that our vaunted air superiority - as advertised by the daily communiqués of that period - was a myth. And so were many fine men lost to the service in attempting to carry an impossible handicap.

On the morning of August 12th a report indicated that a force of several hundreds of Turks was moving in the direction of Hod Bayud, several miles south of Bir el Abd, probably with the object of counter-attacking our right flank.

The Regiment moved towards Bayud in a wide echelon of squadrons, but on approaching the hod it was found unoccupied, and shortly afterwards the advanced troops of the 11th Light Horse Regiment and the I.C.C. appeared in sight moving from the west.

The 10th Regiment was recalled and marched in a northerly direction on Bir el Abd, the Turks having evacuated Mushalfat during the previous night. El-Abd fell that day, Salmana shortly after, and the Turks retired to Mazar. As it was deemed inexpedient by the High Command to push further east until the line of communication was better established, the pursuit now ceased for the time being.

The units of the Brigade were withdrawn and hods allotted to each in which to form bivouacs.

Thus ended the first phase of the campaign in Sinai. The Anzac Mounted Division under General Chauvel had not only repelled the Turkish effort to seize the great waterway, but had pursued the enemy through blinding summer heat and scorching sand until the only Turks in Sinai Peninsula, for a distance of nearly 60 miles from the Canal, were prisoners in our hands.

That the attacking army was not wholly destroyed was chiefly due to the amazing mobility and stamina of the Turks, combined with their determined and skilful rearguard actions. Nevertheless upwards of 3,500 prisoners and much materia had been taken.

A captured document contained a theatrical exhortation to the Turkish Army from Von Kress - the German Commander-in-Chief on the Sinai front - to "drive the English into the sea as at Gallipoli." Whether Von Kress himself of the German High Command either intended or deemed this possible is open to doubt. The broad issue from the German point of view seemed that the more Allied troops that could be held on this front to guard the all-important waterway - in other words, the more the Canal was threatened - the less troops would be available for the Western theatre of operations. That this crafty scheme failed in its purpose is a matter of history. Not only did the British forces hold the Canal. This first phase was but the beginning of a great Crusade, destined to produce a profound influence on the whole course of the War.

 

Further Reading:

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 22 September 2009 8:07 AM EADT
Wednesday, 5 August 2009
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account
Topic: AIF - 3B - 10 LHR

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

 

The 10th LHR at Hod Nagid in preparation for the attack on Hamisah

[From: Olden, Westralian Cavalry In The War, p. 102.]

 

Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Charles Niquet Olden produced the unit history for the 10th LHR in 1921 called the Westralian cavalry in the war: the story of the Tenth Light Horse Regiment, A.I.F., in the Great War, 1914-1918, which included a section specifically related to the battle of Romani and is extracted below.

Olden, A.C.N., Westralian cavalry in the war: the story of the Tenth Light Horse Regiment, A.I.F., in the Great War, 1914-1918, (Melbourne 1921), pp.   96 - 99:

 

WESTRALIAN CAVALRY IN THE WAR

CHAPTER XV - ROMAN TO BIR EL ABD.

[96] Whilst at Ballybunion, the 10th Regiment had carried out reconnaissances in an easterly direction, as it appeared that the role of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade, in case of an enemy attack, would be to attempt a wide outflanking movement, jumping off from its present position.

For some six months past the principal sphere of Turkish activity had been the northern, or coastal, sector of Sinai Peninsula. Here the desert was much less hungry and inhospitable than elsewhere. For a distance of roughly twelve miles inland from the Mediterranean the wide expanse of loose, shifting sand was relieved at numerous intervals by the presence of 'hods,' ?I' oases, dotted over its surface. These hod were invariably alike in character, being merely very marked depressions in the sand and full of growing date palms. In most of them water of a kind could be found not far from the surface, and the tail palm trees afforded grateful shelter, in addition to carrying, in the season, heavy crops of luscious dates.

 As far back as March the enemy were known to have a large force, estimated at 10,000, in the vicinity of Bir-el-Abd, whilst many smaller bodies of Turks were scattered amongst the hod, and energetically redeveloping the water supply in the more important ones. Patrol encounters were of almost daily occurrence during the whole period, and several daring enemy raids had taken place. But it was not till the beginning of August, 1 9 1 6, that the Turko-German attack was launched.

 At the time, the British line in this sector was based on Kantara, on the Canal, and ran from Mahamdiya - the ancient camp of Chabrias, on the Mediterranean -south covering Romani to Katib Gannit, thence bearing back in a kind of half circle in a series of strong posts to protect the light railway from Kantara to Romani.

 On August 4th the Turks attacked this line frontally, and on the right flank, in a determined effort to seize the Railhead at Romani. At the outset they made fair progress, so fierce was their onslaught. But it was not for long. The records of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles and the 1 St and 2' Light Horse Brigades will show how gallantly and how skilfully the Turks were met. By nightfall their attack was broken, and they had retired and were attempting to reorganise.

 On this first day our Brigade had taken no active part. It had left Serapeum Railhead on July 77th marched via Ismailia, El Ferdan and Ballah, and taken up a Exploding a charge at Khabrit El Habbal But whether or not it was intended, this movement was not carried out. Hurried orders arrived on the morning of August 4 that the Regiment would move with the Brigade to Hill 70, about six miles east north east from Kantara.

Saddling up with all speed and travelling very light, the Regiment marched out.

Hill 70 was reached by midday, and here rations and forage were issued and horses watered. The sound of heavy gunfire grew louder and nearer, and told of the desperate efforts the Turks were making. Towards, evening the Brigade marched to Dueidar, where it bivouacked for the night.

Shortly after daylight on the 5th, a situation report showed that the enemy was retiring, and the Brigade moved forward - the 9th Light Horse Regiment in advance - in a due easterly direction.

[98] Bir-en-Nuss, which the Turks were reported to be holding, was reached without opposition, and found unoccupied. The advance was pushed on with speed, and on approaching Bir Hamisah the advance guard was engaged by the enemy, who were holding a series of low, entrenched sand hills covering the hod. The 8th Regiment took up a frontal position, and vigorously replied to the heavy enemy machine-gun and rifle fire, delivered at a range of 500 yards. But although casualties were inflicted on the Turks, they were not to be easily dislodged.

"A" Squadron of the 10th Regiment was sent forward to reinforce the 9th, and shortly afterwards the remainder of the 10th Regiment moved up, dismounted, and occupied a position on the right flank. The 8th Regiment was held in reserve. A brisk fire fight was maintained, supported by two guns of the Inverness Battery.

Gradually it became evident that we were gaining the upper hand, and on the appearance of a troop of scouts under Captain Wearne and a troop of "A" Squadron under Lieut. J.K. Lyall, threatening their left flank, the Turks surrendered, hoisting numerous white flags on their rifles.

This was our first crossing of swords with the Turk since the Gallipoli days, and all ranks were elated with their success. Over 300 prisoners - including several Austrian machine-gunners - seven camels, four machine-guns and much ammunition was taken, besides which the enemy lost many killed. Our casualties in the Regiment were small in number, though some good men were lost to us.

For some unknown reason - probably obscurity as to the position elsewhere - the Brigade did not immediately exploit this success by continuing the advance.

Instead, the unit was withdrawn to Bir Nagid - a distance of about two miles west from the scene of the fight - and held in that vicinity until next day (August 6th). The prisoners were sent back under escort, and the 10th Regiment as advanced guard moved on Hod es Sagia, the rest of the Brigade following.

Aeroplane reports showed that the Turks were retiring as rapidly as possible, and we now had our first experience of their wonderful mobility on foot. They marched through the heavy sand at a surprising pace, and their rearguards were always well placed and fought determinedly.

As the leading troops of the Regiment approached Hod Sagia at dusk they were met with a burst of shrapnel, machine gun and rifle fire. The failing light made it impossible to locate the enemy position or discover his strength, so an outpost line was taken up for the night.

Our Brigade was now on the right flank of a general advance by the Anzac [99] Mounted Division - of which we formed a unit - under Major-General Chauvel.

Communication had been established with the unit on our left, and was maintained throughout. 

 

Further Reading:

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 10th LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 27 October 2009 9:58 PM EADT

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