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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Saturday, 17 October 2009
1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 LHR

1st LHR, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment

Contents

 

1st Light Horse Regiment Colour Patch

 

Formed in August 1914 as part of the 1st Contingent and attached to the Australian Division, the 1st Light Horse Regiment was made up of Light Horsemen from five different Militia Regiments. This was the only New South Wales Regiment recruited from a majority of men drawn immediately from the Militia formations.

 

Structure

The Australian Light Horse – Structural outline

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle

 

Corps

Desert Mounted Corps (DMC)

 

Division

Anzac Mounted Division

 

Brigade

1st Australian Light Horse Brigade 

 

Regiment

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, History

 

History

Romani

1st ALHR AIF Unit History account about Romani

1st ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the Battle of Romani 

Bir el Abd

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 1st LHR, AIF, War Diary Account
Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 1st LHR, AIF, Unit History Account 

Bir el Mazar

1st Light Horse Regiment Account

1st LHR Unit History Account  

Magdhaba

1st ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account 

1st ALHR AIF account 

Beersheba

1st ALHR AIF Unit History account about the fall of Beersheba

1st ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba 

 

Routine Orders

1st LHR Routine Order 80, 16 June 1918 

 

Embarkation

Full Roll

Roll: A - C

Roll: D - F

Roll: G - J

Roll: K - L

Roll: M - Q

Roll: R - S

Roll: T - Z

 

Individual Rolls

Regimental Headquarters Section

A Squadron

B Squadron

C Squadron

Machine Gun Section

1st Reinforcement

2nd Reinforcement

3rd Reinforcement

4th Reinforcement

5th Reinforcement

6th Reinforcement

7th Reinforcement

8th Reinforcement

9th Reinforcement

10th Reinforcement

11th Reinforcement - Mashobra Group 

11th Reinforcement - Hawkes Bay Group

12th Reinforcement - Hawkes Bay Group

12th Reinforcement - Beltana Group

13th Reinforcement

14th Reinforcement

15th Reinforcement

16th Reinforcement

17th Reinforcement

18th Reinforcement

19th Reinforcement

20th Reinforcement

21st Reinforcement

22nd Reinforcement

23rd Reinforcement

24th Reinforcement

25th Reinforcement

26th Reinforcement

27th Reinforcement

28th Reinforcement

29th Reinforcement

30th Reinforcement

31st Reinforcement

32nd Reinforcement

33rd Reinforcement

34th Reinforcement

35th Reinforcement

 

Personnel

2826 Pte Donald McBean 

50  Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant Robert Hamilton, MM, 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron.

 

Roll of Honour

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 19 January 2010 5:24 PM EAST
Friday, 16 October 2009
1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 LHR

1st LHR, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment

 Outline

 

The iconic photograph of Pte Wood, 1st LHR.

 [From: Sydney Mail, 7 October 1914, p. 21.]

 

Outline of the 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Formation

Formed in August 1914 as part of the 1st Contingent and attached to the Australian Division, the 1st Light Horse Regiment was made up of Light Horsemen from five different Militia Regiments. This was the only New South Wales Regiment recruited from a majority of men drawn immediately from the Militia formations. The Regiment included:

 

"A" Squadron recruited mainly from:

5th Light Horse Regiment (31 men); and,

6th Light Horse Regiment (59 men).

 

"B" Squadron recruited mainly from:

7th Light Horse Regiment (41 men); and,

11th Light Horse Regiment (62 men).

 

"C" Squadron recruited mainly from:

9th Light Horse Regiment (49 men).

 

Training

 

1st Light Horse Regiment Routine Order No 1, 28 August 1914

[Click on page for larger version.]

 

Training of the 1st Light Horse Regiment occurred at Rosebury Park in Sydney from August until October 1914. 

 

Embarkation

Embarkation of the 1st Light Horse Regiment occurred by the HMAT A16 Star of Victoria from Sydney on 19 October 1914.

 

HMAT A16 Star of Victoria
 
  [See: His Majesty's Australian Transports [HMAT] Ships, A16.]

 

The 1st Light Horse Regiment sailed by convoy from Albany and passed by the action against the Emden at the Cocos Islands. The Star of Victoria disembarked the 1st Light Horse Regiment in Egypt on 8 December 1914.

 

Colour Patch

Initially, the only colour separation of the various Australian mounted troops was by use of the pennant. The marker pennants were carried on poles to mark lines troop lines in camps in Egypt. They were not lance pennants as the Australian lancers had red over white pennants on their lances.

 


Pennant of the 1st Light Horse Regiment

 

While this pennant was useful in distinguishing horse and troop lines, it failed to identify the individual with a unit. The AIF 1st Australian Division Standing Orders issued in December 1914 ordered the Australian Light Horse Regiments to wear a 4 inch wide [10.2cm] blue armband with the regiment name marked on the band in black lettering.

The earlier systems proved to be ineffective so to assist with identification of the men in the various units within the AIF, Divisional Order No 81 (A) Administration was issued at Mena on 8 March 1915 detailing the Colour Patch for the 1st Light Horse Regiment as others received their colours. The colour patch was made of cloth 1¼ inches wide and 2¾ inches long and worn on the sleeve one inch below the shoulder seam. The colour patch for the 1st Light Horse Regiment was light blue over white.

 

1st Light Horse Regiment Colour Patch

 

The 1st Light Horse Regiment carried the white Brigade colour as the lower triangle part of the colour patch, while the light blue unit colour was on the top. This is illustrated with the above presentation.

 

Gallipoli

As mounted troops, the Light Horse was considered to be unsuitable for work in Gallipoli. The mounted troops volunteered to operate as infantry and thus were sent to Gallipoli with the 1st Light Horse Regiment landing on 12 May 1915. Only once was this regiment used for offensive activities which occurred on the morning of 7 August 1915 with an attack on a Turkish position known as "the Chessboard". The tragic result was some 147 casualties from the 200 men who were involved in the charge. For the balance of the time the 1st Light Horse Regiment remained at Gallipoli, the unit played a defensive role.

 

Western Frontier Force

After the return to Egypt, the 1st Light Horse Regiment reformed and re-equipped. The reorganisation of the Light Horse led to the formation of the ANZAC Mounted Division to which the 1st Light Horse Regiment became a foundation member.

For the first five months of 1916, between January and May, the 1st Light Horse Regiment was deployed throughout the Nile valley to defend the Egyptian economic centres from the interruption by the Senussi infiltrating from Siwa Oasis. 

 

Defence of Egypt

On 14 May1916, the 1st Light Horse Regiment moved to join its parent brigade, the 1st Light Horse Brigade, which was taking part in the defence of the Suez Canal. The work was hot and monotonous. they remained here until moved to the Romani region to bolster the defence of that area.

 

Sinai

The 1st Light Horse Brigade played an important role in beating back the Turkish invasion of the Suez Canal zone at Romani. Now known as the Battle of Romani which lasted from 4-6 August which was quickly followed by the Battle of Katia and then Bir el Abd on 9 August. All the actions in which the 1st Light Horse Regiment finally led to the defeat of the Ottoman Canal Expeditionary force and its retreat to Bir el Mazar.


Over the next few months, the 1st Light Horse Regiment took part in the Allied advance over the Sinai leading to the fall of Bir el Mazar, then El Arish followed by Bir el Magdhaba and finally Rafa in January 1917. The Ottoman forces were expelled from the Sinai and were poised to be tackled in Palestine.

 

Palestine

The 1st Light Horse Regiment was assigned to protect the rail line and lines of communications for the first months of 1917. They missed the First Battle of Gaza but were back at the fron by 6 April 1917 and took part in the Second Battle of Gaza on 19 April 1917.

The 1st Light Horse Regiment took part in the Battle of Beersheba and then the follow up actions that lasted until early January 1918. This included such actions as the advance to Jaffa.

After the fall of Jerusalem the 1st Light Horse Regiment moved to the Jordan Valley and took parts in operations in this region. This included the taking of Jericho, the attack on Amman during 27 March - 2 April 1918 and Es Salt Raid of 30 April – 4 May 1918. It's last major action prior to the breakout was to repel the German Asien Corps attack on Abu Telllul, 14 July 1918.

 

Amman

At the opening of the final Allied offensive on 19 September 1918, the 1st Light Horse Regiment took part in the invasion of the Moab hills for the third time. This time Amman was captured and finally, the Ottomans called for an Armistice on 30 October 1918.

 

Return to Australia

After the conclusion of hostilities, the 1st Light Horse Regiment was marked to return to Australia. Prior to that action, one of the saddest actions occurred for the Australian Lighthorsemen, they had to farewell their best friends, the horses. All the Light Horse unit horses's health was ascertained with the fit horses being transferred to the Indian Cavalry while those in poor condition were destroyed by the Veterinary units. On 12 March 1919 the 1st Light Horse Regiment embarked from Egypt for the long voyage to Australia where the unit was disbanded. 


Commanding Officers

Lieutenant Colonel John Baldwin Meredith
Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Venables Vernon
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas William (Bill) Glasgow
Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Horace Granville
Lieutenant Colonel George Macleay Macarthur-Onslow

 

Decorations earned by the 1st Light Horse Regiment

  • 5 DSO - Distinguished Service Orders
  • 10 MC - Military Crosses
  • 2 DCM - Distinguished Conduct Medals
  • 18 MM - Military Medals
  • 42 MID - Mentioned in Despatches
  • 8 foreign awards 

 

Campaigns

Gallipoli

  • Anzac
  • Defence at Anzac
  • Suvla
  • Sari Bair
  • Gallipoli 1915-1916

Egypt

  • Senussi Campaign
  • Defence of Egypt

Sinai

  • Romani
  • Magdhaba
  • Rafa 

Palestine

  • Second Battle of Gaza
  • Third Battle of Gaza
  • Beersheba
  • El Mughar
  • Nebi Samwill
  • Jerusalem
  • Jaffa
  • Jericho
  • Amman
  • Es Salt
  • Abu Tellul
  • Megiddo
  • Nablus
  • Palestine 1917-1918

 

Casualties suffered by the 1st Light Horse Regiment

  • 222 killed
  • 679 wounded


War Diary

The Australian War Memorial has put these on line and may be accessed here:

1st Light Horse Regiment War Diaries.

 

Embarkations:

The following list details all the embarkations in support of the 1st Light Horse Regiment, AIF, during the Great War. Each entry details the individual soldier's: rank on embarkation; full name; Declared age; last occupation held; last address as a civilian; enlistment Date; and, ultimate fate. Each man is linked to a brief military biography where ever possible. One interesting point is that many of the men listed in the embarkation roll for the 1st Light Horse Regiment ended up in a different unit altogether. This list details the men's starting point in the AIF.

Regimental Headquarters Section

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria 20 October 1914

"A" Squadron

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A16 Star of Victoria 20 October 1914

"B" Squadron

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria 20 October 1914

"C" Squadron

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria 20 October 1914

Machine Gun Section

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria 20 October 1914

1st Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A42 Boorara 20 December 1914

2nd Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A25 Anglo Egyptian 8 February 1915

3rd Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A6 Clan Mccorquodale 6 February 1915

4th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A9 Shropshire 17 March 1915

5th Reinforcement

Newcastle, New South Wales on board HMAT A41 Bakara 22 May 1915

6th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A65 Clan MacEwen 28 June 1915

7th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A21 Marere 16 August 1915

8th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A54 Runic 9 August 1915

9th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A8 Argyllshire 30 September 1915

10th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A4 Pera 12 October 1915

11th Reinforcement - Mashobra Group

11th Reinforcement - Hawkes Bay Group

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A47 Mashobra 4 October 1915

Sydney, New South Wales on board SS Hawkes Bay 23 October 1915

12th Reinforcement - Hawkes Bay Group

12th Reinforcement - Beltana Group

Sydney, New South Wales on board SS Hawkes Bay 23 October 1915

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A72 Beltana 9 November 1915

13th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A60 Aeneas 20 December 1915

14th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Osterley 15 January 1916

15th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A26 Armadale 21 March 1916

16th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A25 Anglo Egyptian 12 May 1916

17th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A39 Port Macquarie 26 April 1916

18th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A20 Hororata 2 May 1916

19th Reinforcements

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Mongolia 8 July 1916

20th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Malwa 22 July 1916

21st Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Mooltan 19 August 1916

22nd Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A13 Katuna 23 November 1916

23rd Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Karmala 3 February 1917

24th Reinforcement

Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAT A42 Boorara 10 May 1917

25th Reinforcement

Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAT A42 Boorara 10 May 1917

26th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Morea 17 February 1917

27th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A15 Port Sydney 9 May 1917

28th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A17 Port Lincoln 11 June 1917

29th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A55 Kyarra 3 September 1917

30th Reinforcement

Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAT A73 Commonwealth 2 November 1917

31st Reinforcement

Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAT A73 Commonwealth 2 November 1917

32nd Reinforcement

Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAT A73 Commonwealth 2 November 1917

33rd Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board SS Canberra 16 November 1917

34th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A38 Ulysses 19 December 1917

35th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Ormonde 2 March 1918

See: Troop transport ships for information and photographs about the various ships employed in transporting the troops to Egypt.

 

Books about the 1st Light Horse Regiment:

Vernon, PV, The Royal New South Wales Lancers, 1885-1985, Sydney 1985.

Treasure, C, Perc Treasure Light Horseman, Sydney 1988.

Williamson, BC, Six Bob Trooper - The Life of Alfred Thomas Winterton of the 1st Light Horse Regiment, Sydney 1992.

 

Further Reading:

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920



Citation: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 19 January 2010 5:30 PM EAST
Thursday, 15 October 2009
1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 LHR

1st LHR, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men known to have served at one time with the 1st Light Horse Regiment and gave their lives in service of Australia, whether as part of the 1st Light Horse Regiment or another unit.

 

Roll of Honour

 

Archibald ABBOTT, Killed in Action, 20 April 1918.

Rupert Clarence ACKLAND, Died of Wounds, 10 January 1917.

Carl ADELT, Died of Wounds, 16 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Ralph ALLDRITT, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

Patrick Sinclair ANDERSON, Died of Wounds, 30 April 1915.

Holbrook Mitchelmore ATTWOOD, Died of Disease, 30 June 1915

Frederick AUGER,  Died of Disease, 26 September 1915

 

Harold Louis BAKER, Died of Wounds, 21 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

William John BARRY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Eric Charles BATTYE, Killed in Action, 16 July 1918.

James BECK, Died of Accident, 29 March 1917.

Louis Augustus BELL, Killed in Action, 26 October 1917.

Harry Mason BELWOOD, Died of Disease, 21 January 1917.

Henry Granville BERNIE, Died of Disease, 21 October 1918.

Frederick Anthony BONE, Killed in Action, 29 May 1915.

John BOSEMAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Errol Roland BOUGHTON, Killed in Action, 9 August 1916.

John Joseph BOURKE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Valentine Fenell BOWLER, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1915.

George Alfred BRANN, Died of Wounds, 19 August 1916.

Louis Shannon BROOK, Killed in Action, 28 September 1918.

Sydney Bunten BROWN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Harold Keith BUCHANAN, Killed in Action, 23 July 1917.

Alfred Douglas Norman BULL, Died of Wounds, 2 November 1917.

Albert BULMER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Frederick George BURNS, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Henry Moore BURNS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Frank Terrence BUSH, Died of Disease, 1 January 1917.

 

Joseph CAHILL, Killed in Action, 1 September 1917.

Douglas Gordon CAMPBELL, Killed in Action, 21 October 1917.

Harold CAMPBELL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William McLellan CAMPBELL, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Ernest William CAPP, Died of Disease, 28 April 1916.

Frank CARNEY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Roland Mansfield CARR, Died of Wounds, 21 November 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Robert Laing CHAMBERS, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

Percy Wellesley CHAPMAN, Killed in Action, 12 March 1917.

Raymond William CHAPPELL, Killed in Action, 13 July 1918.

Edwin George CHAVE, Died of Accident, 17 March 1917.

George CHENHALL, Died of Wounds, 10 June 1916.

Henry James CHIVERS, Died of Disease, 11 December 1918.

Alfred James CLARK, Died of Wounds, 27 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea .

Hugh CLARK, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

Lionel Robert CLARKE, Died of Wounds, 3 August 1917.

Ernest Randolph CLUETT, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Percy Charlton COBCROFT, Died of Wounds, 2 May 1917.

Sidney Harold COLEMAN, Died of Wounds, 29 November 1917.

John Joseph CONDELL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William James COOK, Killed in Action, 13 August 1917.

Collingwood Thomas COOPER, Killed in Action, 28 July 1915.

Lloyd Alexander CORLISS, Died of Wounds, 17 November 1917.

Walter Herbert COURTMAN, Killed in Action, 3 August 1916.

Wallace COX, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1915.

George Cecil CRAKE, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915.

Henry Anthony CREED, Died of Wounds, 25 December 1915.

William Donald CRICHTON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Frederick Gordon CRISP, Died of Wounds, 8 August 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Leslie James CUBIS, Killed in Action, 4 October 1918.

William Hiliary CUMMING, Killed in Action, 9 August 1918.

 

Albert Edward DAWSON, Died of Wounds, 4 November 1917.

Arthur Stewart DEAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Reginald Charles DeLEPERVANCHE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William Francis DOALMAN, Died of Disease, 16 February 1919.

George Finley DONNISON, Died of Wounds, 30 March 1918.

Harry DOOLEY, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

Eric Sheen DOWLING, Died of Wounds, 18 November 1917.

Henry Cecil DRADER, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

 

Athol Bert EATHER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Leslie EBSWORTH, Killed in Action, 15 October 1917.

Francis William EDWARDS, Killed in Action, 29 May 1915.

George Peacock EDWARDS, Died of Disease, 20 November 1916.

William James Munro EDWARDS, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Joseph John EGAN, Killed in Action, 6 August 1916.

Stephen ELLERY, Killed in Action, 9 August 1916.

Leslie Shaw ELLIOTT, Killed in Action, 3 May 1916.

Guy ELLIS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Reginald ELLIS, Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

David EVANS, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915.

 

Arthur Clyde FAINT, Died of Wounds, 4 November 1917.

William Hewitt FELL, Died of Wounds, 4 May 1918.

Ernest James FIRTH, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

John Byers FISHER, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

James Martin FOLLENT, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Richard Oscar FORD, Died of Disease, 4 February 1919.

Reginald James Thomas FORSYTH, Died of Accident, 16 February 1918.

George Samuel FOSKETT, Died of Wounds, 20 June 1918.

Lionel Rupert FOWLER, Died of Disease, 12 May 1915.

Owen Albert William FOX, Died of Wounds, 13 August 1918.

George FRANK, Died of Wounds, 10 June 1915.

Donald Alexander FRASER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Frederick FRIENDSHIP, Died of Wounds, 1 November 1917.

 

James GALL, Died of Disease, 31 July 1915.

Joseph GARBUTT, Died of Wounds, 1 October 1917.

Cornelius GEILVOET, Died of Wounds, 24 May 1915.

Charles William GIBSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Russell William GIBSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Bartholomew James GOGGINS, Died of Wounds, 5 August 1916.

Richard GRAHAM, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917.

William James GRAHAM, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

James GREEN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Thaddeus Victor GREEN, Died of Wounds, 17 November 1917.

Frederick William Ernest GUILLE, Died of Accident, 25 April 1916.

Frederick Alexander GUTHRIE, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Claude GUYER, Died of Wounds, 4 November 1917.

 

Thomas William HAGLEY, Died of Wounds, 20 April 1918.

Arthur John HAILSTONE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Herbert Percival HAMILTON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Karl Fletcher HARGRAVE, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917.

Clarence George Wentworth HARTWELL, Killed in Action, 17 August 1918.

Sidney Frederick HARTWELL, Died of Wounds, 22 October 1917.

Monaughan Raymond HAYES, Killed in Action, 31 July 1915.

David HENDERSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Lindon Howard Russell HIGINBOTHAM, Died of Wounds, 21 June 1918.

George HILLS, Died of Wounds, 8 August 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Arthur Ernest HOBBS, Died of Disease, 24 October 1918.

Raymond Robert George HOBDEN, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

George HOLDEN, Died of Disease, 17 October 1918.

Percy Walter HOLPEN, Died of Disease, 26 November 1918.

Charles George Golding HOWARD, Killed in Action, 9 April 1917.

Ernest Alfred Knight HUDSON, Died of Disease, 27 October 1918.

Frederick William HUNT, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

Reginald Vernon HUNTER, Died of Disease, 13 November 1918.

Allan Stokeham HUTHWAITE, Died of Wounds, 5 November 1917 .

 

George Leonard ILLINGWORTH, Died of Wounds, 4 November 1917.

William ISTED, Died of Wounds, 16 August 1915.

 

Harry Allan JACOB, Died of Accident, 9 November 1918.

John JEFFREY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Sydney Ellis Clare JOHNSON, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Osborne William JOHNSTON, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

 

Stanley Ivan KAISER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Francis William KANE, Died of Wounds, 23 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Austin KEANE, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Roy Oscar Claude KEENE, Killed in Action, 16 November 1917.

Russell Stanley KEMPE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Harold Younger KERR, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Edmund KILEY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Martin Michael KINNANE, Died of Disease, 19 April 1916.

Leslie Matthew KIRLEY, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Henry Frederick KOLTS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

Matthew LACEY, Died of Disease, 15 April 1917.

John LAUDER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Leslie Claude LAUNT, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Jack LAW, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Sidney LEE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Edwin Alexander LEESE, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Patrick Joseph LENEHAN, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917.

Harry LEWRY, Killed in Action, 11 October 1918.

Cecil Reginald John LIDSTER, Killed in Action, 20 May 1915.

Thomas Francis LINDSAY, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918.

Everard Claude LONSDALE, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

John Stone William LORD, Died of Accident, 12 May 1918.

Walter Bernard LORD, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Norman Beresford LOVETT, Killed in Action, 9 April 1918.

Donald Grantworth LUCAS, Died of Wounds, 15 July 1918.

Frank LUTTRELL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

James LYALL, Killed in Action, 4 October 1917.

Edward Thomas LYNCH, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

 

Ronald Alexander Leslie MacDONALD, Killed in Action, 9 August 1916.

Thomas MacLEAN, Died of Wounds, 20 August 1915.

Sidney Alfred MADDISON, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917.

Eric William MAGEE, Died of Wounds, 8 November 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

George Wesley MAGRATH, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Percival MANN, Died of Wounds, 28 March 1918.

Archer Gibson MANNING, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Edward Charles MANSON, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

Alfred Percy MARKS, Died of Disease, 23 November 1917.

Lionel Charles MARSH, Killed in Action, 11 October 1917.

Alfred MARTIN, Died of Disease, 4 November 1918.

James MARTIN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John Thomas MARTIN, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Claude MASKEY, Died of Wounds, 24 September 1917.

Allen Stuart McARTHUR, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

James McCARTHY, Killed in Action, 13 July 1917.

Alexander Thomas McCLYMONT, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917.

John Richard McDONALD, Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Keith Vivers McDONALD, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John Harold McGREGOR, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John William Charles McGREGOR, Died of Disease, 30 November 1918.

William Joseph McINTOSH, Died of Disease, 18 October 1918.

Joseph Lewis McKAY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Arundel James Gwydir McKID, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Alexander McKINNON, Died of Wounds, 1 September 1915.

Allan Hugh McMASTER, Died of Wounds, 26 May 1915.

Walter Provis McMULLIN, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1917.

William McQUIGGIN, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

John Hugh McRAE, Died of Wounds, 15 August 1915.

Arnold Selwyn METCALFE, Killed in Action, 19 April 1918.

John George Henry METCALFE, Killed in Action, 1 June 1917.

William MITCHELL, Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

Ernest Cameron MOFFAT, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

William John Cecil MONAGHAN, Killed in Action, 29 June 1915.

Walter John MOORE, Killed in Action, 8 August 1918.

Walter Tertius MORRICE, Died of Wounds, 28 September 1918.

Edward William MORRIS, Killed in Action, 9 June 1917.

George John MORRISON, Died of Wounds, 5 November 1917.

Vivian Roy MORROW, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Joel MOSS, Killed in Action, 3 May 1917.

Ralph Graham MOTTERSHEAD, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Thomas William MOUNTAIN, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Patrick Joseph MOY, Killed in Action, 16 May 1915.

John Bede MOYLAN, Died of Disease, 28 September 1918.

Dennis MULLEN, Died of Wounds, 3 November 1917.

John Eric MUNRO, Died of Disease, 1 April 1919.

George Wren MURRAY, Died of Disease, 17 January 1918.

Archibald John MYCHAEL, Killed in Action, 21 August 1915.

 

Burdett Phillip NETTLETON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

John NEWTON, Killed in Action, 9 October 1915.

Owen Eric NEWTON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Arthur Richard NICHOLL, Died of Wounds, 22 January 1917.

George Fletcher NOBBS, Died of Wounds, 8 March 1918.

George Rawdon Ffrench NOBBS, Killed in Action, 9 August 1916.

 

Arthur Wellesley OAKES, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Michael O'DONNELL, Died of Wounds, 17 July 1918.

Edward Harold O'NEILL, Died of Wounds, 18 June 1918.

 

Frank Henderson PAUL, Killed in Action, 22 May 1915.

Gerald Fitzroy PEACOCK, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Harold Edward PEAK, Killed in Action, 28 October 1916.

Wilfred Morris PEARCE, Died of Disease, 5 July 1915 .

Henry James PELHAM, Died of Disease, 18 March 1919.

Walter Delwyn PERKINS, Died of Disease, 27 March 1915.

Robert James Joseph PERRAU, Died of Wounds, 8 August 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Arthur Edward PHILLIPS, Killed in Action, 28 September 1917.

William Harold PINKERTON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Jack PLUSH, Killed in Action, 14 June 1917.

Alfred Thomas POOLE, Died of Wounds, 20 August 1915.

John Richardson POOLE, Died of Wounds, 5 November 1916.

John Gladstone POPE, Killed in Action, 26 May 1915.

John Leslie PRICE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Frank PROCTOR, Killed in Action, 9 April 1917.

Wilfred George Albert PROCTOR, Died of Disease, 25 February 1919.

 

Arthur Richard QUARMBY, Killed in Action, 1 May 1918.

 

Clarence William RADBURN, Killed in Action, 28 September 1918.

John James RAFFERTY, Killed in Action, 5 November 1917.

Mark REED, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

James Moffat REID, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Cuthbert Noel RICHARDSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Alfred Charles ROBBINS, Died of Wounds, 13 June 1915.

Darcy James ROBERTS, Killed in Action, 6 August 1915.

Alexander ROBERTSON, Killed in Action, 27 June 1918.

Robert Hill ROBERTSON, Died of Wounds, 10 January 1917.

Frederick Charles ROBINSON, Died of Wounds, 4 November 1917.

William James ROBINSON, Killed in Action, 3 April 1918.

Leonard ROSSBACH, Died of Disease, 9 December 1918.

Werner Eric ROSSBACH, Killed in Action, 28 March 1918.

John Francis RUSSELL, Killed in Action, 12 October 1917.

Leslie RYAN, Killed in Action, 17 January 1917.

 

Cornelious John SCANLAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

George Edward SCHADEL, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918.

Thomas Moffatt SCOTT, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918.

Peter Patrick SEERY, Killed in Action, 7 November 1917.

Norman George SELFF, Died of Wounds, 11 August 1916.

Frederick SELLERS, Died of Wounds, 30 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Roy Stanley SEWELL, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Francis James Murray SHEIL, Died of Wounds, 20 April 1917.

Cecil Job SHELDON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

George Edmund SHEPHERD, Died of Accident, 21 December 1916.

Harry Heaslip SHERIDAN, Died of Disease, 29 April 1917.

Frederick Herbert SHERWOOD, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Harold Samuel SHERWOOD, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Hector SMALL, Died of Disease, 4 July 1915.

Charles Hart SMITH, Died of Wounds, 14 June 1917.

Herbert William James SMITH, Killed in Action, 9 April 1917.

Luide Ross Edward SMITH, Died of Wounds, 18 June 1915.

Reginald Sydney SMITH, Died of Wounds, 19 June 1915.

Robert Edwin John SMITH, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Walter Stephen SMITH, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Albert James SPICER, Killed in Action, 1 September 1918.

Edgar Roy STANFORD, Died of Wounds, 1 August 1915.

Francis Theodore STANTON, Died of Wounds, 11 January 1917.

Donald Edward STEWART, Died of Disease, 6 August 1915.

Robert Joseph STEWART, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Alexander William STINSON, Died of Wounds, 19 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

William Henry STRIBLEY, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

 

Richard TANNER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William TAYLOR, Killed in Action, 5 August 1917.

William Frederick TAYLOR, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Stanley Stevenson THURLOW, Died of Wounds, 21 August 1915.

Edward Victor TIGHE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

Garnet Edmund Iles TINSON, Died of Wounds, 9 August 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Thomas Alexander TOLAND, Died of Disease, 23 October 1918.

David TOMLINSON, Killed in Action, 11 July 1915.

Harold TUCK, Died of Wounds, 1 November 1917.

Michael TUCKEY, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Ernest Douglas TURNER, Died of Wounds, 21 April 1917.

 

Frederick Maxwell VENESS, Killed in Action, 5 April 1918.

Frank (Laird) VILLIS, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

Francis Xavier WALSH, Died of Wounds, 17 October 1917.

Bruce Wynter WARDEN, Died of Wounds, 27 September 1917.

Charles WEALANDS, Killed in Action, 14 June 1917.

William Henry WEST, Died of Accident, 15 March 1915.

Thomas Charles WHEATLEY, Died of Disease, 26 September 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

James Redfern WHITE, Killed in Action, 13 April 1917.

Leslie Gaviston WHITE, Died of Disease, 12 November 1914.

Robert Henry James WHITE, Died of Wounds, 14 August 1916.

William Arthur WHITTLE, Killed in Action, 18 May 1915.

Wilfred WILKINSON, Killed in Action, 18 June 1918.

George Alexander WILLIAMS, Died of Wounds, 9 August 1918.

Joseph WILLIAMS, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

Frank Lindsay WILLIS, Died of Wounds, 4 August 1916.

Alfred Thomas WINTERTON, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916.

Robert WISE, Killed in Action, 20 May 1915.

George Edward WOMACK, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

William Harry Rankin WOODS, Died of Wounds, 15 May 1915.

John Robert WRIGHT, Killed in Action, 3 November 1917.

 

Frederick Richard Charles YOUNG, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

Peter ZEISSER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915.

 

Lest We Forget

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.
 

Further Reading:

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 23 October 2009 8:58 AM EADT
Sunday, 9 August 2009
Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 1st LHR, AIF, Unit History Account
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 LHR

Bir el Abd

Sinai, 9 August 1916

1st LHR, AIF, Unit History Account


Map of the 1st LHR participation in the Sinai Campaign, 1916-17

[From: Vernon, The Royal New South Wales Lancers 1885-1985, p. 105.]

[Click on map for larger version.]

 

PV Vernon's 1985 centenary celebration of the Royal New South Wales Lancers included a section on the work performed by the 1st Light Horse Regiment during the Great War. The pages specifically related to the battle of Romani are extracted below.

 

Vernon, PV, editor, The Royal New South Wales Lancers 1885-1985, (Sydney 1986), pp. 112 - 113:

 

At 2.15 p.m. on August 8 the regiment, now 236 strong, with "A" Squadron of the 3rd Light Horse Regiment, left Romani for Katia as advanced guard to the 1st and 2nd Brigades which were both under Brigadier-General J. R. Royston, C.M.G., D.S.O., the object being to cut off the Turks at Bir el Abd. The force moved along the caravan route to Hod el Khibba, thence in a night march, swinging off at a bearing of 22 degrees as far as the recently swollen marsh, thence on a bearing of 80 degrees to Hod Hamada and from there on a bearing of 129 degrees in order to reach a point north-east of Bir el Abd. On reaching the edge of the sand dunes north-east of Bir el Abd, the unit came under heavy fire, and was forced to deploy on a line running eastward into the dunes from the edge of a marsh, el Huag, lying north-east of Hod el Hisha. At 11 a.m. an attempt was made to straighten out the line - the Wellington Mounted Rifles, attached to the 2nd Light Horse Brigade, moved forward and occupied a hill south-west of Hod el Asal. The 1st Light Horse Regiment moved forward supporting this attack, one troop reaching the hill. As the enemy appeared to be making some advance across the flat to the east, two troops of the regiment were moved up to Hod el Hisha, and were heavily fired on, at which time the Wellingtons were being heavily shelled on the hill occupied by them south-west of Hod el Asal. The enemy made a general advance, and orders were received at 3.30 p.m. to withdraw to the north-west towards Hod Hamada, thence via Hod el Khibba to Oghratina, where the regiment bivouacked for the night. Lieutenant R. A. L. McDonald and two men had been killed, and Major D. W. A. Smith and 13 men wounded.

At Romani, on August 4 1916, the British had routed the Turks and destroyed half their force. It was a decisive battle in the campaign. After the actions at Katia on August 5, and at Bir el Abd on August 9 to 12, the main enemy force was withdrawn across the 50 miles of practically waterless country to el Arish, but with a strong outpost left at Mazar, 24 miles east of Abd. The Romani operations had stressed the need for the railway line and pipeline which were gradually being constructed in the wake of the army, and the G.O.C. now made a determined effort to get these completed. (By December 21, the British were in el Arish.)
 

 

Further Reading:

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 1st LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 17 September 2009 12:36 PM EADT
Wednesday, 5 August 2009
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 1st LHR AIF Unit History Account
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 LHR

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

1st LHR AIF Unit History Account

 

Map of the 1st LHR participation in the Sinai Campaign, 1916-17

[From: Vernon, The Royal New South Wales Lancers 1885-1985, p. 105.]

[Click on map for larger version.]

 

PV Vernon's 1985 centenary celebration of the Royal New South Wales Lancers included a section on the work performed by the 1st Light Horse Regiment during the Great War. The pages specifically related to the battle of Romani are extracted below.

 

Vernon, PV, editor, The Royal New South Wales Lancers 1885-1985, (Sydney 1986), pp. 111-3:

 

Chapter 8

Egypt and Sinai.

On July 30 the navy co-operated by shelling Ogratina with the guns of the monitors in the Mediterranean; next day the enemy had pushed his flanks closer to Romani and three aeroplanes bombed the camp and dropped steel darts, one of which was found to have gone nearly through a camel.

On the night of August 2-3 the enemy occupied Katia, a palm oasis about five miles from Romani. Next night the brigade took lip a new line of outposts from Hod el Enna to No. 1 Post, covering what had been left as an open approach for the enemy. The 1st Light Horse Regiment was in reserve, and about midnight the unit was ordered out as the Turks had made a forced march and were attacking the outpost lines. At 1.30 a.m. "A" Squadron reinforced the line held by the 3rd Light Horse Regiment on the southern slope of Mount Meredith, a prominent sandhill named after Brigadier-General Meredith, who was commanding 1st Light Horse Brigade at the time. At 1.45 a.m. "B" Squadron took up a line on either side of Mount Meredith. The night was dark but starlit, and the flashes of rifle fire showed up well against the sandhills. One troop of "C" Squadron was detailed to escort the Leicester Battery, Royal Horse Artillery. The remainder of the regiment struck a line covering the two re-entrants on the north of Mount Meredith.

The enemy was in force and the regiment came under heavy rifle and machine gun fire, also shrapnel from a mountain battery which the Turks brought well up on camels. At 10 a.m. the regiment fell back to Bir el Maler, the infantry having by this time come up. Remaining in reserve until 5 p.m., it then took up an outpost line on the south-east of the hods near Bir Abu Diyuk, casualties up to this time being Lieutenant McQuiggan and nine other ranks killed, Captains Weir (adjutant) , Fitzpatrick (QM) G. H. L. Harris, 2nd Lieutenant W. M. Nelson (signal officer) and 26 other ranks wounded. During the action enemy aircraft spotted for their guns, and dropped bombs, grenades, and a few darts, without doing much damage.

Next day, the 1st Light Horse Regiment at 4 a.m. started to drive towards Hod el Enna, with the 6th Light Horse Regiment on the left and the New Zealand mounted Rifles Brigade on the right. Twenty prisoners were taken, with one machine gun and four boxes of 18-pounder ammunition. The enemy had withdrawn 112

Royal New South Wales Lancers under pressure to Katia. At 2.30 p.m. on August 5 an attack was made on Katia by the 1st and 2nd Light Horse Brigades, New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade and 5th Mounted Brigade. The regiment dismounted on the western edge of the Katia swamp, occupying a frontage of 250 yards. An advance of 300 to 600 yards into the swamp was made, the enemy holding all the high ground east of Katia by machine gun and rifle fire. The dismounted strength of the regiment was only 150 all ranks and 41 horses had been killed or were missing, so at 6.30 p.m. the line commenced to withdraw and the regiment returned to Romani, both men and horses being badly off for water. During the day the camp was again bombed and shelled by the enemy.

Fatigues were sent out next day to bury the dead, and Lieutenant Max E. Wright and 20 men were sent to escort camels loaded with water and rations for divisional headquarters, which were now at Katia, since the place had been evacuated by the Turks.

At 2.15 p.m. on August 8 the regiment, now 236 strong, with "A" Squadron of the 3rd Light Horse Regiment, left Romani for Katia as advanced guard to the 1st and 2nd Brigades which were both under Brigadier-General J. R. Royston, C.M.G., D.S.O., the object being to cut off the Turks at Bir el Abd. The force moved along the caravan route to Hod el Khibba, thence in a night march, swinging off at a bearing of 22 degrees as far as the recently swollen marsh, thence on a bearing of 80 degrees to Hod Hamada and from there on a bearing of 129 degrees in order to reach a point north-east of Bir el Abd. On reaching the edge of the sand dunes north-east of Bir el Abd, the unit came under heavy fire, and was forced to deploy on a line running eastward into the dunes from the edge of a marsh, el Huag, lying north-east of Hod el Hisha. At 11 a.m. an attempt was made to straighten out the line-the Wellington Mounted Rifles, attached to the 2nd Light Horse Brigade, moved forward and occupied a hill south-west of Hod el Asal. The 1st Light Horse Regiment moved forward supporting this attack, one troop reaching the hill. As the enemy appeared to be making some advance across the. flat to the east, two troops of the regiment were moved up to Hod el Hisha, and were heavily fired on, at which time the Wellingtons were being heavily shelled on the hill occupied by them south-west of Hod el Asal. The enemy made a general advance, and orders were received at 3.30 p.m to withdraw to the north-west towards Hod Hamada, thence via Hod el Khibba to Ogratina, where the regiment bivouacked for the night. Lieutenant R. A. L. McDonald and two men had been killed, and Major DWA Smith and 13 men wounded.

 At Romani, on August 4 1916, the British had routed the Turks and destroyed half their force. It was a decisive battle in the campaign' After the actions at Katia on August 5, and at Bir el Abd on August 9 to 12, the main enemy force was withdrawn across the 50 miles of practically waterless country to el Arish, but with a strong outpost left at Mazar, 24 miles east of Abd. The Romani operations had stressed the need for the railway line and pipeline which were gradually being constructed in the wake of the army, and the G.O.C. now made a determined effort to get these completed. (By December 21, the British were in el Arish.)

 

Additional Reading:

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Bir el Mazar, Sinai, 17 September 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1919

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 1st LHR AIF Unit History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 26 October 2009 11:55 AM EADT

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