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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

Desert Column Forum

WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Tuesday, 9 November 2010
3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, Contents
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

3rd LH Bde, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

Contents

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade Colour Patch

 

Formed in October 1914 as part of the 3rd Contingent and attached to the Australian Division, the 3rd Light Horse Brigade was made up of Light Horsemen from three different states.

 

Structure

The Australian Light Horse – Structural outline

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle

B103, Index to Common Terms  

 

Corps

Desert Mounted Corps (DMC)

 

Division

Anzac Mounted Division

Australian Mounted Division 

 

Brigade

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

 

Regiments

8th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, History

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, History

10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, History

 

Embarkation

Embarkation Roll, Headquarters

 

History

Melbourne

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade March Past in Melbourne

Farewell to Colonel Hughes, Argus 27 January 1915 

Jifjafa

The Jifjafa Raid, Sinai, April 10 to 14, 1916 

Romani

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 3rd LH Bde, AIF, War Diary Account 

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade 

Bir el Abd

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 3rd LH Bde, AIF, War Diary Account 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade 

Bir el Mazar

Bir el Mazar, Sinai, 17 September 1916, 3rd LH Bde, AIF, War Diary Account 

Magdhaba

The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade 

El Burj

El Burj, Palestine, 1 December 1917, 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary Account

Beersheba

The Battle of Beersheba, Palestine, 31 October 1917, 3rd LH Bde, AIF, Unit History Account  

 

Roll of Honour

3rd Light Horse Brigade, Roll of Honour  

Lest we forget

 

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Brigade, AIF

3rd Light Horse Brigade, Roll of Honour  

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 13 July 2011 5:56 PM EADT
Sunday, 8 November 2009
3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, Outline
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

3rd LH Bde, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

Outline

 

Outline of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, AIF

Formed in October 1914 as part of the 3rd Contingent and attached to the Australian Division, the 3rd Light Horse Brigade was made up of Light Horsemen from three different states. The Regiments included:

 



8th Australian Light Horse Regiment

This Regiment was recruited exclusively Victoria.

 



9th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Originally recruited as "B" Squadron for the 7th Light Horse Regiment, this Squadron was expanded to a composite Regiment recruited from South Australia and Victoria. 

"A" Squadron recruited from South Australia.

"B" Squadron recruited from South Australia.

"C" Squadron recruited from Victoria.

 



10th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Originally recruited in Western Australia as "C" Squadron but extended to become a Regiment in its own right. It was recruited exclusively from Western Australia.

 





3rd Signal Troop

The 3rd Signal Troop was created on 1 April 1916 by drafting in four signallers from each of the 12 Regiments at the Suez Canal.

 



3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance

Originally recruited at Melbourne in October 1914 to form part of the 2nd Light Horse Field Ambulance, when Military Order 575 of 1914 created the 3rd Light Horse Brigade and the unit became the 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance.

 

 

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade Train

The 3rd Light Horse Brigade Train was primarily recruited around Melbourne and trained at Broadmeadows. After Gallipoli, this unit underwent some name changes from 3rd Supply Section in February 1916 to 35th Australian Army Service Corps Company in February 1917.

 



8th Mobile Veterinary Section

After the formation of the Anzac Mounted Division, the three individual Regimental Veterinary sections were brigaded to form the 7th Mobile Veterinanry Section.

 



3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron

In July 1916, all Regimental Machine Gun Sections were to be excised and brigaded to form a Machine Gun Squadron. The 8th, 9th and 10th Machine Gun Sections were combined to form the 3rd Machine Gun Squadron under the command of the Brigade.

 

 

 

Artillery

Artillery support was provided for the 3rd Light Horse Brigade from British batteries. The first British battery attached to the Brigade was the British 4th (Territorial Force) Horse Artillery Brigade, Inverness Battery. This battery remained until the re-organisation of February 1917 when the Inverness Battery was replaced by the British 19th Horse Artillery Brigade, 1/1 Nottingham Battery.

 

3rd Light Horse Training Regiment

Formed in Egypt during March 1916, this unit trained incoming reinforcements while allowing the wounded and sick a place to recover before returning to active service. The Training Regiment contained three squadrons, each duplicating the Regiments within the Brigade to whom it supplied the reinforcements. The Training Regiment was disbanded in July 1918 to be replaced by the Australian Light Horse Training Regiment when recruits were no longer tied to a Regiment but placed in a general pool of reinforcements called the General Service Reinforcements.

 

3rd Light Horse Double Squadron

Formed Egypt 6 July 1916 from 3rd Light Horse Brigade reinforcements. It was officered and administered by the 3rd Light Horse Brigade. This Double Squadron was broken up in November 1916 with the men being transferred to the newly formed Imperial Camel Corps Battalions.

 

Embarkation

The Brigade embarked to Egypt during the months of February and March 1915. In Egypt additional training occurred at the Mena Camp.

See: Troop transport ships for information and photographs about the various ships employed in transporting the troops to Egypt.

 

Colour Patch

To assist with identification of the various units within the AIF, Divisional Order No 81 (A) Administration was issued at Mena on 8 March 1915 detailing the Colour Patch for the 3rd Light Horse Brigade as others received their colours. The colour patch was made of cloth 1¼ inches wide and 2¾ inches long and worn on the sleeve one inch below the shoulder seam. The colour patch for the 3rd Light Horse Brigade was plain yellow.

 

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade Colour Patch

The individual units attached to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade carried the white colour as a lower triangular part of the colour patch, the unit itself having their colour on the top. This is illustrated with the above description about each individual unit.

 

Commanders

Brigadier General Frederic Godfrey Hughes, 17 October 1914 to 8 October 1915

Brigadier General John MacQuarie Antill, 8 October 1915 to 8 August 1916

Brigadier General  John Robinson Royston, 8 August 1916 to 30 October 1917

Brigadier General Lachlan Chisholm Wilson, 30 October 1917 to August 1919.

 

Attachments

Formed Australia September 1914.

Attached to the New Zealand and Australian Division from December 1914 to April 1915. Attachment ceased on the Division's deployment to Gallipoli.

Attached to the New Zealand and Australian Division at Gallipoli from May 1915 to February 1916.

Attached to the Anzac Mounted Division March 1916 until February 1917.

Attached to the Imperial Mounted Division February 1917 until August 1917. 

Attached to the Australian Mounted Division August 1917 until August 1919.

  

Campaigns

Egypt:

  • Defence of Egypt

Gallipoli:

  • Defence of Anzac;
  • Sari Bair; and, 
  • Withdrawal from Anzac.

Sinai:

Palestine:

  • First Battle of Gaza;
  • Second Battle of Gaza;
  • Third Battle of Gaza;
  • Beersheba;
  • Jerusalem;
  • Jericho;
  • Es Salt;
  • Megiddo; and,
  • Damascus


Disbandment

The Brigade returned to Australia in July 1919. As each Regiment arrived in the specific home port, they were disbanded.

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Brigade, AIF

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 14 January 2010 7:32 AM EAST
Sunday, 9 August 2009
Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

Bir el Abd

Sinai, 9 August 1916

Roll of Honour

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men from the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade known to have served and lost their lives during the Battle of Bir el Abd.

 

Roll of Honour


Edward Maddern BAWDEN, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.

Herbert Alexander BELL, 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Killed in Action.

Walter John James BLOOMFIELD, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.

Reginald John BUCKLAND, 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Died of Wounds.


Arthur Lovelock CHAMBERS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds.

William Leonard CLYNE, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds.

Allan James COOKE, 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Died of Wounds.


James Alexander ELLIOTT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds.


John William GAVIN, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.


William Bloomfield HELMS, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds.

Richard HOBLEY, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.


Victor James LAMB, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.


James David MARSHALL, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds.

Gordon Eric McCOOK, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds.

Gilbert Charles MOUNSEY, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.


Richard Rowett POND, 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Killed in Action.

Charles Baxter POWELL, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.

 

Geoffrey Ochiltree ROBERTSON, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Wounded in Action.


Archibald Samuel SHAW, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.

Gavin SHUTTLEWORTH, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action.


Geoffrey TRAVERS, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds.

 

Lest We Forget

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Brigade, AIF

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 21 October 2009 10:31 PM EADT
Wednesday, 5 August 2009
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 3rd LH Bde, AIF, War Diary Account
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

3rd LH Bde, AIF, War Diary Account

 

War Diary account of the 3rd LH Bde, AIF.

 

The transcription:

4 August

The Brigade less on Squadron 8th Light Horse Regiment (which joined at Dueidar) moved out from Ballybunion at 0945 for Hill 70 - Kantara, arriving at the latter place about noon. The Brigade moved out in light marching order and within two hours from receiving the order.

Inverness Battery who only received their ten ##### a few hours previously, fitted same and joined the Brigade at Dueidar before it moved on, with 3 guns and 2 wagons. The Brigade was composed as follows:

Brigade Headquarters and Supply Section;

1/1 Inverness Battery, Royal Horse Artillery, and Ammunition Column;

3rd Signal Troop and Wireless Detachment;

Field Troop Engineers;

3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron (9 machine guns);

8th Light Horse Regiment;

9th Light Horse Regiment;

10th Light Horse Regiment;

3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance; and,

8th Mobile Veterinary Section.

No wagons were taken except Ambulance Carts. Camel Convoy with Ammunition and 24 hours rations and water left Ballybunion at 1000 and arrived Hill 70 at 1430. No first line transport accompanied Brigade but each man carried all his kit, 200 round small arms ammunition, unexpired portion of day's rations and one emergency ration. Brigade and convoy left Hill 70 for Dueidar at 1100, the former arriving at 2030 and the latter at 2200.

5 August

Supplies were drawn at 0300 and Brigade left Dueidar for Bir el Nuss at 0500 both the object of attacking Hod el Enna arriving at 0900, and there joined New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade. As enemy had retreated, Ammunition Column joined up and the whole Column moved on to Hamisah and general engagement took place through the afternoon. 9th, 10th Light Horse Regiments and Inverness Battery taking part with 8th Light Horse Regiment in reserve.

The 9th Light Horse Regiment attacked with 2 Squadrons and 2 Machine Guns, one Squadron in support. The 10th Light Horse Regiment and Brigade Scouts, 4 Machine Guns made a wide detour to encircle the enemy's left, which was accomplished resulting in the capture of some 439 prisoners, 3 Machine Guns with Camels and Field Cookery complete and a quantity of ammunition and rifles. At this stage an enemy howitzer battery brought heavy and effective fire to bear on our troops. At dusk the Brigade rationed and camped one mile west of Nagid for the night leaving out Officer's Patrol.


 

Roll of Honour

Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

Lest We Forget

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Brigade, AIF

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Roll of Honour

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 3rd LH Bde, AIF, War Diary Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 18 October 2009 9:25 AM EADT
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade
Topic: AIF - 3B - 3 LHB

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

Roll of Honour

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men from the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade known to have served and lost their lives during the Battle of Romani.

 

Roll of Honour

 

Charles John BRUCE, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.
 
James Malcolm FROST, 10th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

 

Alfred William JAMES, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 6 August 1916.


Thomas LITSTER, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

 

Alan Dexter PALMER, 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1916.

 
Andrew Mitchell SHARP, 9th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 5 August 1916.

 

Roderick William URQUHART, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Killed in Action, 7 August 1916.

 

Henry Patrick WRIGHT, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Died of Wounds, 7 August 1916.

 

Lest We Forget

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Brigade, AIF

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, Roll of Honour, 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 19 October 2009 11:20 AM EADT

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The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

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