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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Saturday, 10 October 2009
2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Topic: AIF - 1B - 2 LHR

2nd LHR, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment

Contents


2nd Light Horse Regiment Colour Patch

 

The 2nd Light Horse Regiment was formed as part of the 1st Light Horse Brigade, 1st Contingent and attached to the Australian Division at Enoggera Training Camp to the west of Brisbane, Queensland, on 18 August 1914. The recruits were drawn from the four main Militia Regiments within the 1st Military District which incorporated all of Queensland, Darwin and Northern New South Wales. The men from New South Wales found themselves mainly in "C" Squadron. Many of the men went from the Light Horse Militia formation into the AIF Light Horse.

 

Structure

The Australian Light Horse – Structural outline

Australian Light Horse Order of Battle

 

Corps

Desert Mounted Corps (DMC)

 

Division

Anzac Mounted Division

 

Brigade

1st Australian Light Horse Brigade 

 

Regiment

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline 

2nd Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Photograph Album

2nd Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Photograph Album Contents

 

History

 

Romani

2nd ALHR AIF account about the Battle of Romani

2nd ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the Battle of Romani 

Account of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment's participation in the Battle of Romani, War Diary, Appendix 4. 

Bir el Abd

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account 

Bir el Mazar

Bir el Mazar, Sinai, 17 September 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account 

Bir el Mazar, Sinai, 17 September 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

Magdhaba

2nd ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account 

2nd ALHR AIF account 

Beersheba

2nd ALHR AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

2nd ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba 

 

Routine Orders

 

Embarkation

Full Roll

Roll: A - C

Roll: D - F

Roll: G - J

Roll: K - L

Roll: M - Q

Roll: R - S

Roll: T - Z

 

Individual Rolls

Headquarters

A Squadron

B Squadron

C Squadron

Machine Gun Section

1st Reinforcements

2nd Reinforcements

3rd Reinforcements

4th Reinforcements

5th Reinforcements

6th Reinforcements

7th Reinforcements

8th Reinforcements

9th Reinforcements

10th Reinforcements

11th Reinforcements

12th Reinforcements

13th Reinforcements

14th Reinforcements

15th Reinforcements

16th Reinforcements

17th Reinforcements

18th Reinforcements

19th Reinforcements

20th Reinforcements

21st Reinforcements

22nd Reinforcements

23rd Reinforcements

24th Reinforcements

25th Reinforcements

26th Reinforcements

27th Reinforcements

28th Reinforcements

29th Reinforcements

30th Reinforcements

 

Personnel

272 Squadron Sergeant Major William John Brown

273 Squadron Quartermaster Sergeant Frank Cartwright

280 Farrier Sergeant Arthur Edgar Molesworth

285 Cpl Thomas George Alexander Miller

293 Trooper Charles Beresford Alexander

307 Trooper William Montague Cory

312 Trooper Leonard Dimmick

318 Private William Alfred Elliott

322 Private Percy Ussher Gooch

325 Private Sidney Anderson Greenbury

336 Private Arthur Alexander Heffler

346 Private Edward Sutton Lane

348 Private William George Moren

351 Tpr William Henry Massey

371 Shoeing Smith Phillip Joseph O'Sullivan

374 Driver James Pearson

375 Shoeing Smith Philip George Ranahan

381 Pte John Rogan

383 Private Colin Morgan Reade

394 Private Walter Henry Thompson

404 Bugler Denis Ramsay Needham Walker

413 Private William Kiddell

414 Private George King

415 Private Harry Middleton

416 Trooper Frederick Ernest Stumm

451 Squadron Quartermaster Sergeant Matthew Gee

456 Sergeant John Stanley Wade

471 Private William Harvey Adams

484 Private Thomas Buckley

487 Private Stanley Alfred James Cheers

490 Private Patrick Casey

501 Private Edward Donovan

522 Lance Corporal Frederick Louis Hornby

529 Private Patrick Ravenhill Hulbert

540 Private Charles Harold Mills

551 Private Robert McAleese

552 Private James Archibald Murray

570 Private Francis Darvall Templer

596 Private Arthur Ernest Anderson

624 Private Oliver Harris

1229 Trooper Frank Ansell

1472 Driver Alfred Clive Wooster, 2nd LHR

Captain Allan William Nash

 

Roll of Honour

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Lest We Forget

 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour  

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 2 September 2011 9:45 PM EADT
Friday, 9 October 2009
2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline
Topic: AIF - 1B - 2 LHR

2nd LHR, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment

Outline

 

2nd Light Horse Lines on visiting day

[From: The Queenslander,  12 September 1914, p. 21.]

 

Formation

The 2nd Light Horse Regiment was formed as part of the 1st Light Horse Brigade, 1st Contingent and attached to the Australian Division at Enoggera Training Camp to the west of Brisbane, Queensland, on 18 August 1914. The recruits were drawn from the four main Militia Regiments within the 1st Military District which incorporated all of Queensland, Darwin and Northern New South Wales. The men from New South Wales found themselves mainly in "C" Squadron. Many of the men went from the Light Horse Militia formation into the AIF Light Horse.

 

"A" Squadron recruited mainly from:

2nd Light Horse Regiment (50 men).

 

"B" Squadron recruited mainly from:

3rd Light Horse Regiment (34 men)

 

"C" Squadron recruited mainly from:

4th Light Horse Regiment (64 men); and,

27th Light Horse Regiment (30 men).

 

Training 

 

2nd Light Horse Regiment Routine Order No 1, 26 August 1914

[Click on page for larger version.]

 

Training of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment occurred at Enoggera Training Camp from August until September 1914. 

 

Embarkation

Embarkation of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment occurred by the HMAT A15 Star Of England from Pinkenbar Wharf in Brisbane, Queensland, on 24 September 1914. 

 

 HMAT A15 Star of England at Pinkenbar, Queensland, September 1914

 [See: His Majesty's Australian Transports [HMAT] Ships, A15.]

 

The 2nd Light Horse Regiment sailed by convoy from Albany and passed by the action against the Emden at the Cocos Islands. The Star of England disembarked the 2nd Light Horse Regiment in Egypt on 9 December 1914.

 

 

Colour Patch

Initially, the only colour separation of the various Australian mounted troops was by use of the pennant. The marker pennants were carried on poles to mark lines troop lines in camps in Egypt. They were not lance pennants as the Australian lancers had red over white pennants on their lances.

 


Pennant of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment

 

While this pennant was useful in distinguishing horse and troop lines, it failed to identify the individual with a unit. The AIF 1st Australian Division Standing Orders issued in December 1914 ordered the Australian Light Horse Regiments to wear a 4 inch wide [10.2cm] blue armband with the regiment name marked on the band in black lettering.

The earlier systems proved to be ineffective so to assist with identification of the men in the various units within the AIF, Divisional Order No 81 (A) Administration was issued at Mena on 8 March 1915 detailing the Colour Patch for the 2nd Light Horse Regiment as others received their colours. The colour patch was made of cloth 1¼ inches wide and 2¾ inches long and worn on the sleeve one inch below the shoulder seam. The colour patch for the 2nd Light Horse Regiment was green over white.

 

2nd Light Horse Regiment Colour Patch

 

The 2nd Light Horse Regiment carried the white Brigade colour as the lower triangle part of the colour patch, while the green unit colour was on the top. This is illustrated with the above presentation.

 

Gallipoli

As mounted troops, the Light Horse was considered to be unsuitable for work in Gallipoli. The mounted troops volunteered to operate as infantry and thus were sent to Gallipoli with the 2nd Light Horse Regiment landing on 12 May 1915. Only once was this regiment used for offensive activities which occurred on the morning of 7 August 1915 with an attack on a Turkish position opposite Quinns Post. The tragedy was reduced when the assault was abandoned. The 2nd Light Horse Regiment was withdrawn from the front line in September and left the peninsula on 18 December 1915.

 

Western Frontier Force

After the return to Egypt, the 2nd Light Horse Regiment reformed and re-equipped. The reorganisation of the Light Horse led to the formation of the ANZAC Mounted Division to which the 2nd Light Horse Regiment became a foundation member.

For the first five months of 1916, between January and May, the 2nd Light Horse Regiment was deployed throughout the Nile valley to defend the Egyptian economic centres from the interruption by the Senussi infiltrating from Siwa Oasis. 

 

Defence of Egypt

On 14 May1916, the 2nd Light Horse Regiment moved to join its parent brigade, the 1st Light Horse Brigade, which was taking part in the defence of the Suez Canal. The work was hot and monotonous. they remained here until moved to the Romani region to bolster the defence of that area.

 

Sinai

The 1st Light Horse Brigade played an important role in beating back the Turkish invasion of the Suez Canal zone at Romani. Now known as the Battle of Romani which lasted from 4-6 August which was quickly followed by the Battle of Katia and then Bir el Abd on 9 August. All the actions in which the 2nd Light Horse Regiment finally led to the defeat of the Ottoman Canal Expeditionary force and its retreat to Bir el Mazar.


Over the next few months, the 2nd Light Horse Regiment took part in the Allied advance over the Sinai leading to the fall of Bir el Mazar, then El Arish followed by Bir el Magdhaba and finally Rafa in January 1917. The Ottoman forces were expelled from the Sinai and were poised to be tackled in Palestine.

 

Palestine

The 2nd Light Horse Regiment was assigned to protect the rail line and lines of communications for the first months of 1917. They missed the First Battle of Gaza but were back at the fron by 6 April 1917 and took part in the Second Battle of Gaza on 19 April 1917.

The 2nd Light Horse Regiment took part in the Battle of Beersheba and then the follow up actions that lasted until early January 1918. This included such actions as the advance to Jaffa.

After the fall of Jerusalem the 2nd Light Horse Regiment moved to the Jordan Valley and took parts in operations in this region. This included the taking of Jericho, the attack on Amman during 27 March - 2 April 1918 and Es Salt Raid of 30 April – 4 May 1918. It's last major action prior to the breakout was to repel the German Asien Corps attack on Abu Telllul, 14 July 1918.


Amman

At the opening of the final Allied offensive on 19 September 1918, the 2nd Light Horse Regiment took part in the invasion of the Moab hills for the third time. This time Amman was captured and finally, the Ottomans called for an Armistice on 30 October 1918.

 

Return to Australia

After the conclusion of hostilities, the 2nd Light Horse Regiment was marked to return to Australia. Prior to that action, one of the saddest actions occurred for the Australian Lighthorsemen, they had to farewell their best friends, the horses. All the Light Horse unit horses's health was ascertained with the fit horses being transferred to the Indian Cavalry while those in poor condition were destroyed by the Veterinary units. On 13 March 1919 the 2nd Light Horse Regiment embarked from Egypt for the long voyage to Australia where the unit was disbanded. 


Commanding Officers

Lieutenant Colonel Robert Mackay Stodart
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas William (Bill) Glasgow
Lieutenant Colonel Sydney William Barlow
Lieutenant Colonel George Herbert Bourne

 

 Decorations earned by the 2nd Light Horse Regiment

  • 1 CMG - Companion in The Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George
  • 8 DSO - Distinguished Service Orders
  • 10 MC - Military Crosses
  • 6 DCM - Distinguished Conduct Medals
  • 15 MM- Military Medals
  • 1 MSM - Meritorious Service Medal
  • 34 MID - Mentioned in Despatches
  • 3 foreign awards 

 

Campaigns

Gallipoli

  • Anzac
  • Defence at Anzac
  • Suvla
  • Sari Bair
  • Gallipoli 1915-1916

Egypt

  • Senussi Campaign
  • Defence of Egypt

Sinai

  • Romani
  • Magdhaba
  • Rafa 

Palestine

  • Second Battle of Gaza
  • Third Battle of Gaza
  • Beersheba
  • El Mughar
  • Nebi Samwill
  • Jerusalem
  • Jaffa
  • Jericho
  • Amman
  • Es Salt
  • Abu Tellul
  • Megiddo
  • Nablus
  • Palestine 1917-1918

 

Casualties suffered by the 2nd Light Horse Regiment

  • 203 killed
  • 472 wounded


War Diary

The Australian War Memorial has put these on line and may be accessed here:

2nd Light Horse Regiment War Diaries.

 

Embarkations:

The following list details all the embarkations in support of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment, AIF, during the Great War. Each entry details the individual soldier's: rank on embarkation; full name; Declared age; last occupation held; last address as a civilian; enlistment Date; and, ultimate fate. Each man is linked to a brief military biography where ever possible. One interesting point is that many of the men listed in the embarkation roll for the 2nd Light Horse Regiment ended up in a different unit altogether. This list details the men's starting point in the AIF.

2nd Light Horse Regiment, Headquarters

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A15 Star Of England 24 September 1914

2nd Light Horse Regiment, A Squadron

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A15 Star Of England 24 September 1914

2nd Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A15 Star Of England 24 September 1914

2nd Light Horse Regiment, C Squadron

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A15 Star Of England 24 September 1914

2nd Light Horse Regiment, Machine Gun Section

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A15 Star Of England 24 September 1914

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 1st Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A42 Boorara 20 December 1914

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 2nd Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A53 Itria 9 February 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 3rd Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A53 Itria 9 February 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 4th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A15 Star Of England 8 April 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 5th Reinforcement

Newcastle, New South Wales on board HMAT A57 Malakuta 22 May 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 6th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A7 Medic 2 June 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 7th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A9 Shropshire 20 August 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 8th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A55 Kyarra 16 August 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 9th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A33 Ayrshire 1 September 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 10th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A69 Warilda 5 October 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 11th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A47 Mashobra 4 October 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 12th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A23 Suffolk 30 November 1915

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 13th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A36 Boonah 22 January 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 14th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A62 Wandilla 31 January 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 15th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A73 Commonwealth 28 March 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 16th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria 31 March 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 17th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A10 Karroo 5 May 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 18th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A49 Seang Choon 4 May 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 19th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Mongolia 8 July 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Malwa 22 July 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 21st Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Mooltan 19 August 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 22nd Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A43 Barunga 26 October 1916

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 23rd Reinforcement

Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAT A42 Boorara 10 May 1917

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 24th Reinforcement

Brisbane, Queensland on board HMAT A1 Hymettus 3 February 1917

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 25th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board RMS Karmala 3 February 1917

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 26th Reinforcement

Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAT A42 Boorara 10 May 1917

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 27th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A15 Port Sydney 9 May 1917

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 28th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A15 Port Sydney 9 May 1917

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 29th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A55 Kyarra 3 September 1917

2nd Light Horse Regiment, 30th Reinforcement

Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A38 Ulysses 19 December 1917

See: Troop transport ships for information and photographs about the various ships employed in transporting the troops to Egypt.

 

Books:

Bourne, GH, "Nulli Secundus" - The History - of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment Australian Imperial Force - August 1914 - April 1919, Melbourne 1926.

Needham-Walker, DR, Biography of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, A.I.F, Brisbane 1926.

Scrymgeour, JTS, Echoes of the Australian Light Horse in Egypt and Palestine, 1917-1918,  Warwick 1918.

 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 22 December 2009 8:14 PM EAST
Thursday, 8 October 2009
2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour
Topic: AIF - 1B - 2 LHR

2nd LHR, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men known to have served at one time with the 2nd Light Horse Regiment and gave their lives in service of Australia, whether as part of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment or another unit.

 

Roll of Honour

 

George Edward ADAMS, Killed in Action, 12 March 1917

William Henry ADAMS, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Charles Beresford ALEXANDER, Died of Disease, 7 April 1915

James Cyril ALEXANDER, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Frederick Charles ALLEN, Killed in Action, 11 November 1915

Albert ANDERSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Arthur Ernest ANDERSON, Killed in Action, 15 May 1915

James ANDERSON, Died of Wounds, 17 September 1917

William Leith ANDERSON, Died of Disease, 3 February 1917

William Thomas ANDERSON, Killed in Action, 8 July 1918

Matthew ANGUS, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

Frank ANSELL, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917

Arthur Henry ANTHONY, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

Alfred William APPLETON, Died of Wounds, 2 May 1918

Lindsay Lee ARCHIBALD, Killed in Action, 11 April 1918

Robert ARCHIBALD, Died of Disease, 3 February 1916

Ralph Irving ARNOLD, Killed in Action, 8 August 1916

Clive ARTHUR, Died of Wounds, 24 November 1917

Leslie Raymond ARTHUR, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

 

Frederick Joseph BAILEY, Died of Disease, 1 November 1918

Roy BAILEY, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

John Percy BARNES, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

Harold Joseph BARRY, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Charles Noel BARTON, Killed in Action, 14 January 1917

Irvine Julius BARTON, Died of Wounds, 5 April 1918

Carl BECK, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917

James Albert BEYERS, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Charles Joseph BOND, Died of Wounds, 30 May 1915

John James BOYLE, Died of Wounds, 12 January 1917

Thomas BRAITHWAITE, Died of Wounds, 16 October 1917

Allan BROWN, Killed in Action, 20 July 1919

Frederick BROWN, Killed in Action, 28 March 1918

Thomas John BROWN, Killed in Action, 2 November 1917

William Charles BROWN, Died of Disease, 4 November 1918

Thomas McDonald BROWNE, Died of Wounds, 20 April 1917

William Ridd BRYCE, Died of Wounds, 4 December 1917

Cecil Gordon Gray BUCHANAN, Killed in Action, 29 May 1915

William Edward Harold BUNKUM, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Joseph BURGE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Frederick BURGESS, Died of Wounds, 20 April 1918

Roy BURRELL, Died of Disease, 30 April 1918

Albert Arthur BURTON, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Percy BUTCHER, Died of Wounds, 23 December 1916

Ernest Rupert BUTLER, Died of Wounds, 16 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

 

Michael William CAIN, Died of Disease, 18 October 1918

Thomas CALLAGHAN, Killed in Action, 19 April 1917

Allan John CAMERON, Died of Disease, 15 April 1917

Clifford CAMERON, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

Douglas Dunmore CAMPBELL, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Phillip John CARDWELL, Killed in Action, 22 October 1917

William CARL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

John Gerald CARR-BOYD, Killed in Action, 12 October 1917

Frank CARTWRIGHT, Died of Disease, 18 April 1915

Patrick CASEY, Killed in Action, 12 May 1915

Arthur Frank CHAMBERS, Died of Wounds, 20 April 1917

James Artemus CHAMBERS, Killed in Action, 16 July 1918

Fergus John CLARKE, Killed in Action, 12 October 1917

Frank COLE, Died of Wounds, 12 October 1918

Percy Phillip COLLETT, Killed in Action, 11 April 1918

Harry COLLINGS, Died of Wounds, 16 January 1917

William CONEY, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

William John CONVERY, Killed in Action, 23 October 1917

Robert COOPER, Killed in Action, 27 March 1918

George Frederick CORNICK, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

George COWAN, Died of Accident, 15 January 1919

John COWIE, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Errol Claude COWLEY, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

John CRAIG, Died of Wounds, 17 October 1917

Samuel CROWTHER, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

John Francis CROZIER, Died of Wounds, 11 January 1917

Robert James CROZIER, Killed in Action, 11 April 1918

George CUMMINS, Died of Wounds, 7 November 1917

Thomas Andrew CUNNINGHAM, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

 

Thomas DALE, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Walter Edmund DANIEL, Killed in Action, 11 April 1918

Herbert Alfred DAVIES, Died of Disease, 17 October 1918

Thomas DAVIES, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

William John DAVIES, Died of Wounds, 22 December 1917

Andrew DAY, as a Prisoner of War, Died in Captivity, 11 February 1917

Albert Hellmuth DeBERG, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Victor DENTON, Died of Wounds, 31 May 1915

John Marie Cornelius DeRAADT, Died of Disease, 17 October 1915

Leonard DIMMICK, Died of Disease, 3 March 1916

Thomas Stevenson DINSDALE, Died of Wounds, 1 November 1917

George Russel DRYSDALE, Died of Disease, 8 April 1917

Archibald Stewart DUNCAN, Died of Wounds, 11 December 1917

George Thomas DURHAM, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917

Jeremiah James DWYER, Died of Disease, 29 June 1916

John Francis DWYER, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

 

Francis Paul EASTON, Died of Disease, 19 November 1918

Patrick Hugh EGAN, Died of Wounds, 30 September 1917

William ELLIOTT, Died of Wounds, 17 July 1918

Herbert Victor Valentine ELLIS, Died of Disease, 22 October 1918

John ELLIS, Killed in Action, 3 November 1918

 

Charles Stuart FERGUSON, Died of Disease, 25 February 1919

Percy Walter FINNIS, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Charles Henry FISHER, Died of Wounds, 9 January 1917

Lawrence Leslie FLOYD, Died of Disease, 8 March 1918

John Leo FOGARTY, Died of Wounds, 6 June 1917

Jack FOGWELL, Died of Wounds, 3 November 1917

Norman Victor FOOTE, Died of Disease, 7 April 1915

Arthur Franklin FRY, Died of Wounds, 2 October 1917

 

Lawrence Patrick GARVEY, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

James Robinson GEDDES, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Carl William GEHRKE, Died of Disease, 30 April 1917

Arthur Michael Creagh GEOGHEGAN, Killed in Action, 15 September 1915

Samuel Gilbert GIBBS, Killed in Action, 21 July 1916

Thomas Lowden GOODALL, Died of Wounds, 14 May 1915

Alexander GOODWIN, Died of Disease, 22 February 1919

S. Edward GORDON, Died of Wounds, 20 July 1915

Albert Chrisopher Julius GRAFFUNDER, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Donald Edwin Robinson GRAHAM, Died of Accident, 8 November 1916

Dugald Maxwell Lockwood GRAHAM, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Frederick Wallace GRAU, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Walter Joseph Edward GRIDLEY, Died of Wounds, 28 July 1918

Charles James GRIEVE, Died of Wounds, 16 July 1918

Harry Leslie GRIFFIN, Killed in Action, 26 September 1917

Leander de Lorme GROVE, Killed in Action, 3 September 1916

Archibald Ambrose Mathew GUNN, Died of Wounds, 7 February 1917

Thomas Kenny GWYNNE, Died of Disease, 2 November 1918

 

Daniel HALLIDAY, Died of Accident, 30 March 1917

Henry HAMMOND, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Stuart Samson HAMP, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

William John HANDLEY, Died of Wounds, 16 July 1918

James HANNAH, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Carl Richmond HANSEN, Died of Wounds, 26 February 1917

Norman HANSLOW, Died of Wounds, 22 April 1917

Henry HARMAN, Died of Wounds, 2 August 1915

Thomas Edward HARRINGTON, Killed in Action, 8 August 1918

William HARRINGTON, Killed in Action, 29 September 1918

Oliver HARRIS, Died of Wounds, 17 May 1915

Maurice Atherton HARTE, Died of Disease, 3 January 1916

Daniel HAWKES, Died of Wounds, 27 April 1917

David Birrell HERD, Died of Accident, 22 August 1916

Charles HICK, Killed in Action, 21 September 1917

Ivor Henry HICKS, Died of Wounds, 29 September 1918

Thomas William HILDEBRAND, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Herbert Gerald HINTON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Arthur HOWARD, Killed in Action, 5 April 1918

Frederick Stephen HUDSON, Died of Wounds, 12 October 1916

Patrick Ravenhill HULBERT, Killed in Action, 18 July 1915

 

Victor Carlton IRISH, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

 

William Neilson Leslie JACK, Died of Wounds, 3 October 1917

Christian JEPSON, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Albert Walker JOHNS, Killed in Action, 7 June 1917

Henry Albert Victor JOHNSON, Died of Accident, 29 March 1917

Percy Lloyd JOHNSTONE, Died of Wounds, 28 April 1918

Stuart Harold JONES, Died of Wounds, 14 April 1919

Theophilus JONES, Died of Wounds, 6 December 1915

Marshall Vivian Henry JURY, Killed in Action, 25 August 1915

 

William KEID, Died of Wounds, 23 June 1915

John Algar KELLY, Died of Disease, 17 May 1916

John KELSALL, Died of Wounds, 4 November 1917

Albert Cheeseman KEMP, Died of Wounds, 14 April 1918

Victor Iredale Norman KENNETT, as a Prisoner of War, Died in Captivity, 9 February 1917

James KERR, Killed in Action, 29 June 1915

Ernest William KIDD, Killed in Action, 12 April 1918

James Henry KIMBER, Killed in Action, 17 May 1915

Thomas James KING, Killed in Action, 15 April 1917

William Keith KING, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Alfred Charles KIRK, Killed in Action, 11 April 1918

Eden KNALL, Died of Wounds, 1 January 1917

 

William Roy LANG, Died of Wounds, 31 October 1917

Thomas Edward LANGRIDGE, Killed in Action, 18 May 1917

James Colin Hasty LAWTON, Died of Wounds, 11 August 1916

Alfred Thomas LEATCH, Died of Accident, 3 March 1916

Gerald John LEWIS, Died of Disease, 1 November 1918

Patrick Price LINNAN, Died of Disease, 4 November 1918

Thomas James LOGAN, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Thomas Andrew LOMAN, Killed in Action, 3 July 1918

Ashley Codrington LORD, Died of Wounds, 16 December 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

 

Charles John MacFARLANE, Died of Wounds, 3 July 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Lionel MacNAMARA, Killed in Action, 20 May 1915

William Ernest MARKWELL, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917

Cecil James MARSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

George Bernard MARTIN, Died of Wounds, 1 November 1917

George Alexander Lewis MASTERS, Killed in Action, 5 July 1915

Alfred MATTHEWS, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

Herbert Victor MAUCH, Died of Wounds, 20 October 1917

William James Alexander McALLISTER, Died of Wounds, 24 May 1915

William Edward McCANN, Died of Disease, 11 April 1916

Robert James McCREEDY, Died of Disease, 16 November 1915

George McCULLOCH, Killed in Action, 7 June 1917

Archibald McDONALD, Died of Wounds, 1 November 1917

Eugene McGOWAN, Killed in Action, 22 May 1915

Ernest John McINDOE, Killed in Action, 4 June 1915

Duncan McKINNON, Died of Disease, 15 December 1915

Henry Abraham McLEAN, Died of Disease, 3 December 1915

Joseph Patrick McMAHON, Died of Accident, 15 March 1916

Allan Gordon McMARTIN, Died of Wounds, 1 November 1917

Terence Patrick McSHARRY, Died of Wounds, 6 August 1918

Walter MILFORD, Killed in Action, 11 August 1915

Charles Rudolph MITCHELL, Died of Accident, 15 August 1918

William George MOREN, Killed in Action, 29 June 1915

Joseph Andrew MORGAN, Died of Wounds, 14 August 1916

Gordon MORRIS, Died of Accident, 7 November 1916

Leafwin Beresford MOURITZ, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Frederick Christie MULVEY, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

David MURRAY, Killed in Action, 17 June 1915

 

Allan William NASH, Killed in Action, 29 June 1915

Isaac Thomas NASH, Died of Accident, 5 March 1916

Henry George Ezra NEWLOVE, Killed in Action, 15 April 1918

William Thomas NORTON, Died of Wounds, 19 June 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

 

Thomas O'CALLAGHAN, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Lawrence Raymond O'CONNOR, Died of Wounds, 16 July 1918

William Henry O'CONNOR, Died of Wounds, 20 June 1915

Tom Alexander OGG, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

John O'LEARY, Killed in Action, 11 November 1915

Frank Robert Warland OSBORNE, Died of Wounds, 6 June 1917

Albert Edward OSWIN, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

 

Kenneth Alexander PARKER, Died of Disease, 20 April 1915

William Joseph PARKES, Killed in Action, 9 August 1916

Francis Edward PATCH, Killed in Action, 29 September 1917

William James PEACH, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Edward Charles Henry PEARCE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Thomas Albert PERKINS, Killed in Action, 11 April 1918

Harry James PERROTT, Died of Disease, 12 October 1915

Albert Broader PETERSON, Killed in Action, 19 January 1917

Edward PETERSON, Died of Wounds, 3 November 1915

Thomas Harold PHILLIPS, Died of Wounds, 14 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

Aubrey PICKERING, Died of Wounds, 10 December 1917

 

John William QUINN, Killed in Action, 22 May 1915

 

Oswald Ivan REA, Killed in Action, 15 April 1917

Colin Morgan READE, Killed in Action, 30 May 1915

Alan Serafino RIGHETTI, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Arthur John RIXON, Died of Accident, 15 January 1918

Bertie George RIXON, Killed in Action, 14 July 1918

Samuel Ross ROBERTS, Died of Wounds, 17 January 1917

Francis Kersey James ROBERTSON, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917

Gordon Holmes ROBERTSON, Died of Wounds, 13 May 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

John Roy ROSS, Died of Wounds, 8 September 1915

Ebenezer ROUND, Killed in Action, 10 September 1917

Charles Henry RUDDLE, Died of Wounds, 23 July 1916

Albert Edward RYCEN, Died of Disease, 21 July 1916

 

Jack Clive SAMS, Died of Wounds, 13 May 1915

James SANDERS, Killed in Action, 28 May 1918

Charles Douglas Livingstone SCOTT, Killed in Action, 7 June 1917

Frederick SCOTT, Died of Wounds, 24 September 1917

Robert Henry SEFTON, Killed in Action, 11 November 1915

William SHARPE, Died of Wounds, 13 August 1915

Sidney George SHERRIN, Died of Accident, 4 April 1919

David Harold Maclean SINCLAIR, Killed in Action, 20 April 1917

Harold SINCLAIR, Died of Disease, 15 October 1918

Walter Edward SMALE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Joseph Edward SMITH, Killed in Action, 30 August 1916

James SOMMERVILLE, Died of Disease, 10 April 1917

Mordaunt SPRY, Killed in Action, 16 November 1915

Percy George STAFFORD, Killed in Action, 26 February 1919

James Leslie STARK, Killed in Action, 1 April 1918

Thomas STEVENSON, Died of Disease, 26 September 1915

Hugh John STEWART, Died of Disease, 3 September 1915

Robert William STOWER, Died of Wounds, 31 October 1917

George SULLIVAN, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Jack SULLIVAN, Died of Disease, 1 November 1918

Bertie SVENSON, Killed in Action, 9 August 1916

Walter SWANSON, Died of Wounds, 1 November 1917

Ernest Edward SWEEDMAN, Killed in Action, 15 July 1918

 

Albert William John TALLENTIRE, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Francis Darvall TEMPLER, Died of Wounds, 22 October 1915, and subsequently buried at sea.

William TOOHEY, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

William Herbert Charles TOOHILL, Died of Wounds, 2 August 1916

James John TRICKETT, Died of Disease, 12 February 1917

 

Christopher UHLMANN, Killed in Action, 21 July 1917

Richard Mallett UNDERHILL, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Richard James UNDERWOOD, Died of Wounds, 20 January 1917

 

George Malcolm WADDELL, Killed in Action, 23 December 1916

John Stanley WADE, Died of Wounds, 14 May 1915

Albert Stuart WALLACE, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917

John Edward Newman WARD, as a Prisoner of War, Died in Captivity, 6 March 1917

Leslie WATNEY, Killed in Action, 24 October 1917

Archibald James WATT, Died of Wounds, 23 December 1915

George Rickart WEEKS, Killed in Action, 31 October 1917

Jack Frederick James WENTFORD, Died of Wounds, 21 May 1915

Percy George WHITTALL, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Henry WILKINSON, Killed in Action, 17 September 1917

John Henry WILLENBROCK, Killed in Action, 5 April 1918

Augustus George Maryon WILSON, Killed in Action, 14 May 1915

Graeme Lang WILSON, Killed in Action, 19 May 1915

Wright Trevor WILSON, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

Percy Severn Roy WOODYATT, Killed in Action, 4 August 1916

Alfred Clive WOOSTER, Died of Wounds, 2 November 1917

Clement Edgerton WRAGGE, Died of Wounds, 16 May 1915

Edward WYLIE, Killed in Action, 7 August 1915

 

 

Francis Melbourne ZILLMAN, Died of Wounds, 4 April 1918

 

Lest We Forget

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker who provided much of the raw material that appears in this item.
 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 27 April 2011 11:20 PM EADT
Sunday, 9 August 2009
Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account
Topic: AIF - 1B - 2 LHR

Bir el Abd

Sinai, 9 August 1916

2nd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

 

Lieutenant Colonel George Herbert Bourne's unit history of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment, AIF, included a section specifically related to the battle of Beersheba which is extracted below.

Bourne, Lieut-Colonel GH, "NULLI SECUNDUS" - The History - of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment Australian Imperial Force - August 1914 - April 1919, (Tamworth 1926), p. 36:

 

On 8th, we marched out with the object of again attacking the enemy's rear guard at Bir-el-Abd, distant 22 miles. The position was reached at daylight on 9th. A hot engagement was fought, but the Turks were too well prepared for us, and we were obliged to return, for rations and water, nearer our base, viz. - Oghratina. In this engagement the Regimental casualties were:- Killed, one; wounded, ten.

We again had a very warm corner in this action and covered the withdrawal when that, unfortunately, became necessary.

This was the last attempt to molest the Turkish retreat. Had full use been made of our mobility at the outset, not a Turk or a gun would have got away.

 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour  

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916, 2nd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 18 September 2009 9:07 PM EADT
Wednesday, 5 August 2009
Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 2nd LHR AIF Unit History Account
Topic: AIF - 1B - 2 LHR

Battle of Romani

Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916

2nd LHR AIF Unit History Account

 

Horses killed in the 2nd LHR camp during the air raid of 1 August 1916

 [From: AWM J05572] 

 

Lieutenant Colonel George Herbert Bourne's unit history of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment, AIF, included a section specifically related to the battle of Beersheba which is extracted below.

Bourne, Lieut-Colonel GH, "NULLI SECUNDUS" - The History - of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment Australian Imperial Force - August 1914 - April 1919, (Tamworth 1926), p. 32-6:

 

CHAPTER VI

SINAI

[32] Late in the afternoon of August 1, it became necessary to send rations and water, from Romani, per camel, to the post holding Hill 110, on order to allow them to remain in touch with the enemy there. The Regiment was at Katia, and in contact with the Turks, but Brigade Headquarters ordered an escort to the convoy to be formed from Quarter-masters' offsiders, farriers, and "light duty" men remaining in camp. Corporal Thorn was placed in charge. The instructions he received were of the vaguest, and he had no compass to steer by. Darkness set in before he had gone two miles, and under it's friendly cover, the Turks swung their right flank forward, and as luck would have it, right across Thorn's path. The result was inevitable; the party walked right into the advancing enemy who withheld their fire till the escort had but little chance of escape and [33] no chance of protecting the convoy. Trooper Kennett and Driver Day were taken prisoners. It is will, regret that we have to record their deaths while in captivity, within two days of each other. Corporal Thorn and Troopers Patterson and King, making a wide detour, reached camp during tile night, and Trooper Jenkins, two days later, after a most exciting experience.

Just before dusk on the afternoon of August 3, the Brigade was ordered out to occupy a line of observation posts from Katib Ganit to Mount Meredith, thence to a point one mile SE of Hod Enna. The 3rd Regiment with their left flank resting on the Romani redoubts, held from Katib Ganit to Mount Meredith inclusive (1 1/2 miles). The 2nd Regiment were given from Mount Meredith, exclusive, to the extreme right (2 1/2 miles). The 1st Regiment were in reserve. It was anticipated that the Turks would attack with in a few days, and as the above line of advance was perfectly open, the Brigade was thrown out thus hurriedly in order to give warning. The positions were not entrenched and indeed were not reached in many case, until after dark; but the picquets lost no time in improvising sand "possies," though without sand-bags and revetting material these not very effective.

The Regiment was disposed as follows:

"B" Squadron (Major Shanahan), left half of line, keeping touch with 3rd Regiment on their left. "A" Squadron (Major Birkbeck) right half of the line. Two machine-guns under Lieut. Hackney were posted in the centre, covering the main approach from Hod Enna. "C" Squadron in support under Captain C. C. Stodart. The difficulty in keeping touch in this extraordinarily deceptive country, can hardly be exaggerated. The line was a succession of sand dunes, each the counterpart of the other; and in most cases the sides were so steep that detours of up to half a mile were necessary to get round them-and if the next post was only half a mile away by direct line, it was a regular pilgrimage to actually reach it in the pitch dark. The Squadrons holding the line were less than 100 strong each, so that we had, say, 200 men to about 4,000 yards.

The N.Z.M.R. Brigade had been in touch with the enemy all day at Katia, and they passed back to their camp at Et Mater, through our line, about 2030 (8.30 p.m.) Their rear-guard passed through about 2115 (9.15 pm,) Apparently the Turks followed close on their heels, for at 2150 the first shots were exchanged between an "A" Squadron picquet and the enemy advance guard, near Hod Enna. This was immediately reported to Brigade Headquarters, and to 3rd Regiment. In a few minutes, our line was being probed from end to end. As it was now obvious that the threatened attack had come, and that the collision was not a mere matter of patrols, it became necessary to thicken and shorten the line, which was in imminent danger of being broken through at any minute. One troop of "C' Squadron, under Lieut. Righetti, to which was attached some details of Regimental Staff, was sent to fill the gap between the right of "B" Squadron and the left of the Machine-gun position. Urgent orders were also sent to Major Birkbeck to withdraw his Squadron, and the machine-guns from the right of the line, and to take up a position in rear [34] of the Regiment’s left. This was a matter of considerable difficulty in the dark, owing to the nature of the ground. About 0100 in the morning of 4th “B” Squadron reported that they were being attacked in strength. A similar report was received from 3rd Regiment. Additional SA ammunition was sent to “B” Squadron and they were told to hold on at all costs; as had the enemy broken through there, the whole of the right of the line would have been cut off. The pressure by the enemy was now increased. This was reported to Brigade Headquarters, and immediately afterwards the telephone line was cut. We had no further communication with Brigade Staff, nor indeed saw any of them till noon next day. Acting on the last message they received from us, however, a Squadron of 1st Regiment was sent in support, but it did not arrive till after 0330. About 0200 the balance of “C” Squadron was put in to line; in spite of which the enemy pressure was such that it was obvious we could not hold him much longer. At 0240, no Officer being available for duty, a NCO was sent back to select a position to retire to. The enemy at this time seemed to be making his main attack on Mount Meredith; and the 3rd Regiment there and our “B” Squadron were having very lively fighting. At the same time the enemy’s main column was marching from Hod Enna past our shortened right flank towards Mount Royston. Anxiously we waited for word from Major Birkbeck as to whether he had succeeded in withdrawing, and just as anxiously we waited for the first streaks of dawn, for there was no question that the darkness was our best ally, and that in daylight we must be overwhelmed. About 0300 the enemy captured Mount Meredith and the 3rd Regiment was forced to withdraw its right, thus exposing our left. No word had been received from Major Birkbeck, and it was yet too soon to assume he had completed his march in rear of us to his new position. Major Markwell had been sent to direct and hasten that operation, but had had difficulty in finding him owing to the darkness. In order to give his party time to reach safety, we therefore held on. At this juncture, Lieut Righetti was killed, and several men were hit. At 0320, being surrounded on three sides and the firing line having been forced back to the led horses, the order was given to withdraw to the position already selected.

The Turks were now in many cases only 50 years off, and several amusing incidents occurred. One man who had secured his horse offered to take a dismounted man doubleback, and found the other chap was a Turk. Several horses were killed, and the barefooted enemy being quicker over the sand than our boys, who were handicapped with boots and leggings, took several prisoners.

Which of us will forget the scamper away? How so many did get away is a marvel. The bullets were making little spurts of flame all round and among us, on striking the sand. Here we experienced for the first time, the moral effect of turning our back on the enemy, and the question arose in our minds as we rode, “Can we reform?” The order “Sections about – Action front” was given as we reached the position, and was splendidly carried out. This high test of discipline gave us renewed confidence in ourselves. Here too we were joined by the Squadron of 1st Regiment [35] which had been sent out to our support. The ridge was held till daylight, when to our great relief, Major Birbeck's party could be seen laboriously making it's way through the heavy sand, on our right. From here, back to Mt Mala near the main Romani position, each ridge in succession was held, till the enemy, ever working round our right, outflanked and enfiladed us or our horses. Each time we withdrew, we looked for signs of some support. We expected a Brigade of Infantry to be taking up a position in our rear, or at least that our guns would support us from Romani. About 0500, Lieut. Woodyatt was killed, and shortly afterwards Major Shanahan was wounded. A number of other ranks had become casualties, but all things considered, we got off very lightly. And now, at about 0600, we could see the 2nd Brigade coming out to support us. The enemy pressure, too, slackened off a little, as their main force continued to march towards Mount Royston, and across our front, thus threatening the railway, south east of Romani. The line by this time was decidedly mixed, as we had been joined by one Squadron of 1st Regiment, and part of 3rd Regiment, When the 2nd Brigade arrived, that part of 1st Brigade remaining was withdrawn from the line to reform, and for the rest of the morning, was held as Divisional Reserve; C.O., 2nd Regiment having reported to General Chauvel about 0800.

At noon the Regiment was placed under Brig.-General Royston of 2nd Brigade -t he 6th Regiment temporarily coming to 1st Brigade. General Royston was the man of the hour, and seemed to thoroughly enjoy the situation. We took it as a great compliment to be placed under his command. We had ample troops (but to this moment, only part of Anzac Division had been employed, together with a couple of batteries) and now that the intention of the enemy, and his objective had been disclosed, it was a simple matter to check him. The Turks, too, were showing signs of fatigue, having made a rapid night march, and been hung up quite unexpectedly by the 1st Brigade improvised outpost. We had the satisfaction of knowing that our strenuous night's fighting, by forcing the enemy to deploy before he intended, upset his plans and was a big factor in the subsequent victory. Through our temporary transfer to 2nd Brigade we came in for the outpost on the night of the 4th also. We prolonged the right of the 7th Regiment towards Mount Royston, and before dawn on 5th, both Regiments in a long, and very thin, line advanced with the bayonets towards Mount Meredith, sweeping all the Turks off Wellington Ridge, on which they had their main force. The 2nd Brigade on that day consisted of the 2nd and 7th L.H. Regiments and the Wellington Mounted Rifles. The 5th L.H. Regiment was holding Duiedar, about 8 milts south east.

Our Regiment thus had the honour of "Opening the Ball" in the Sinai-Palestine-Syria Campaign; and did so in a most creditable manner.

The bulk of the Turkish force made their escape to Katia, but we got nearly 1,000 prisoners, some machine-guns, etc. Our led horses were now brought up and all mounted troops started to Katia in pursuit. Our horses were too exhausted to permit of a wide flanking movement of the Katia position and the frontal attack was unable to make any impression on the enemy.

[36] "A" Squadron was detailed to keep touch between the NZMR Brigade and the 3rd L.H. Brigade and came under heavy shell fire. The remainder of the Regiment was in reserve on this day (August 5).

On the afternoon of 5th we were transferred to the 1st LH Brigade.

As our horses had now been without water for 52 hours, and the men without rations for a day, we were withdrawn to Romani to rest. The men were quite exhausted after two nights in succession without sleep; and the weather was very hot.

The following casualties had been suffered by the Regiment:

Killed: Two officers and seven other ranks;
Died of Wounds: One other rank.
Wounded: Two officers and twenty other ranks.
Taken Prisoners: Eight other ranks


Troopers McColl, Hobson, Littler and Handsley survived their captivity and were repatriated, but is with deep regret that we have to record the deaths of Sergt. Drysdale. Corporals Somerville and Easton and Trooper Ward while in the hands of the Turk.

On 6th, the buried dead and collected enemy material that had been abandoned. The higher command ruled that we were not fit to pursue owing to exhaustion of men and horses.

 

Further Reading:

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916 

Bir el Abd, Sinai, 9 August 1916

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Battle of Romani, Sinai, August 4 to 5, 1916, 2nd LHR AIF Unit History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 26 October 2009 12:58 PM EADT

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