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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Thursday, 3 December 2009
Aboriginals in the AIF
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

Aboriginals in the AIF

Great War Service

 

While not given the recognised status enjoyed by all other non-indigenous people in Australia but still regarded as British subjects, the Aboriginals came forward in numbers to join the AIF and fight on the various fronts. One group for special attention relates to the Aboriginal men who served with the Australian Light Horse. This section provides a tribute to honour the service and sacrifice of the Aboriginal Light Horsemen to the Australian nation.

 

Items

Published Sources

Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF

Aboriginals in the AIF, A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth by Major WO Mansbridge

 

Aboriginal Servicemen

11th Light Horse War Diary Index for 1918 - 1919, Lesson 11 Resource

11th LHR, AIF account about the 2nd Es Salt Raid - March to May 1918, Chapter XVI

11th LHR, AIF account about the Jordan Valley – May to August 1918, Chapter XVII

 

 

Other AIF Units

2919 Pte Alfred John Henry Lovett, 12thBtn

 

Light Horse

Aboriginal Light Horse Servicemen – The Full List

 

10th Light Horse Regiment

Pte Tom Cooper, 10th LHR, 15thR

 

11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement

2422 Pte William Bert Brown

2423 Pte Frederick Arthur Burnett

2424 Pte Edward Collins

2459 Pte Fred Collins

2425 Pte Jack Costello

2426 Pte Harry Doyle

2428 Pte Frank Fisher

2427 Pte Joe Fitzroy

2462 Pte Rupert Franklin Gore Gallaway

2429 Pte John Geary

2460 Pte John Hall

2430 Pte John Johnston

2431 Pte Jack Kearns

2432 Pte John McKenzie Laurie

2433 Pte James Lingwoodock

2434 Pte Leonard Lynch

2438 Pte James McBride

2437 Pte David Molloy

2435 Pte Frank Morris

2453 Pte Martin Mulrooney

2436 Pte Harry Murray

2439 Pte William Nicholld

2440 Pte Jack Oliffe

2443 Pte Charlie Parkes

2441 Pte Jack Pollard

2445 Pte Edward Smith

2447 Pte Joe White

2448 Pte Leslie Thomas Wogas

 

Further Reading:

Aboriginals in the AIF

The Light Horse

Australian Light Horse Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Aboriginals in the AIF, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Friday, 11 December 2009 5:08 PM EAST
Tuesday, 1 December 2009
Aboriginals in the AIF, A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth by Major WO Mansbridge
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

Aboriginals in the AIF

 A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth

 Major WO Mansbridge

 

In 1911, Major WO Mansbridge of the 84th Infantry (Gold-Fields Regiment) wrote the following brief essay called A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth Military Journal with the aim of promoting the recruitment of the indigenous population in the defence forces. The article reflects the feelings of the time amongst those of European origin and should be seen in that context. The essay was published in the January 1912 edition of the .

Mansbridge, WO, A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth, Military Journal, January 1912, pp. 99 - 100.

 

Having lived for some years in the northern portions of the Commonwealth, it has suggested itself to me that some use could be made of the aboriginal native for our purposes. With that end in view, I beg to submit suggestions whereby his services could be utilized, and I am of the opinion that he would become a very useful ally in case of an invasion in those parts.

Approximately there are 50,000 aboriginal natives in the northern portion of the Commonwealth, and one so often hears the question - What can we do for them or with them?

I have a remedy which would not only be beneficial to the individual native, but make him also of some use to the country, as at present he has not any object in life save that of wandering aimlessly around his own particular territory, and this is undoubtedly a wilful waste of human energy. Therefore, why not turn it into our own channels and make them useful, firstly, by providing the male member with instructions in the use of arms; secondly, by engaging the women folk in one or more of the dormant industries indigenous to the soil?

I am well aware that many will argue that the aboriginal native has not yet reached that standard of civilization to understand, much less to assimilate, any instruction or teaching in that direction; yet, after some years' residence in the sub-tropical parts of Australia, the writer is of opinion that both the male and female aboriginal are amenable to order and discipline. His whole life in his savage state is one of warfare with his neighbour, and from birth the embryo warrior is taught the use of his particular arms-the spear and boomerang: and at all times is instilled into him by the elders of the tribe the necessity of being a “man." He is a hunter not only of game, but of men. Their blood feuds with adjacent tribes have been handed down from time immemorial. He has a keen eye, and is inured to hardships, which means much to make an efficient soldier. The stringent discipline of the elders over the young buck is very marked, and it would be necessary to direct this training into our own channels to make him serviceable. With regular rations he quickly becomes contented, and would be of incalculable value in case of an invasion in those parts and any one acquainted with him would be aware of his animosity to anything pertaining to the Orient.

To find the worth of raw and savage levies we have only to look back to very recent times.

In the initial stages of the scheme I would not suggest the concentration of the whole in one locality, for the reason that each tribe has its own admitted territory and hunting grounds. Reserves in the vicinity of these could be proclaimed; camps established where men would undergo training, and until such time as they became sufficiently educated to remain within their own sphere (after the trainees had realised the advantages of their training) there would be no difficulty in concentrating any numbers, be they from North Queensland, Northern Territory, or Kimberley (Western Australia).

The matter of "putting the question" to the native would have to be in the hands of experienced bushmen, assisted by civilized natives. However, I do not anticipate any difficulty in gathering them in.

The matter of clothing would be a minor detail. Kilt, shirt, and cap would be all that was required.

As to the women folk, those who have been amongst the aboriginal nitres will fully recognize the attachment of the man for his woman, and as the young buck is allotted companion when about twenty-one years of age, I do not suggest that they be put apart-in fact, any effort in that direction in the initial stages would weaken the scheme; therefore, not to unduly burden the scheme with extra provision for the female, I propose that she be employed in opening up the several dormant industries indigenous to the soil, such as cultivation of "kapok" and the culture of the "spider silk." The work of both being of a light nature is well adapted to native female labour, with the prospects of developing an export trade in both commodities. Then again the climate and soil are favourable for the introduction and cultivation of cotton, coffee, rice, &c., all of which would provide employment for the women.

In offering these suggestions I have of necessity introduced the commercial aspect for the reason that in any scheme for training the aboriginal native to be successful it would be unwise to have the sexes separated. My suggestion is, therefore, to have both in the one compound, the man being taught the use of the arm, and the woman taking an interest in the industries named.

I am aware that there are many seeming difficulties in the way, yet with time these would be overcome, with the results-protection and development of the country's resources by its' aboriginal folk, a thriving export trade, and a contented and happy community.

 

Further Reading:

Aboriginals in the AIF

The Light Horse

Australian Light Horse Militia

Militia 1899 - 1920

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: Aboriginals in the AIF, A Scheme for Training the Aboriginal Natives in the Northern Portions of the Commonwealth by Major WO Mansbridge

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Friday, 11 December 2009 5:09 PM EAST
Wednesday, 1 April 2009
The Australian Light Horse, Aboriginal Light Horsemen, Those who served
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

The Australian Light Horse

Aboriginal Light Horsemen

Those who served

 

3662 Pte Harold Arthur Cowan [see below], his cousin Hazel Williams and her baby sister, name unknown.

[From: AWM P02229.002]

 

Aboriginal service during the Great War, 1914-19

During the Great War, some 500 men of Aboriginal extraction enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces.  Out of this number, 118 or just over 20% of men of Aboriginal origin saw service in the Australian Light Horse during the war. Some parts of Australia were more liberal in admitting Aboriginal men into the AIF as compared to others. By far the largest proportion of Aboriginal men who enlisted came from Queensland. So many enlisted that nearly one group of reinforcements for the 11th Light Horse Regiment was composed of men from Aboriginal origin, the only time this happened during the war. Like the rest of Australians who enlisted, these men were from all different professions and differing levels of education. They served with similar results as the larger population. Some were heroes, many did their duty well, while some not so well. Others were killed in action, more than a few were wounded in action or gassed. Once in the AIF, there was nothing to seperate the men of Aboriginal origin to other soldiers. They served as Australians and did so with pride and distinction.

 

Aboriginal Light Horsemen who served during the Great War, 1914-19

Below is a list of all known Aboriginal Light Horsemen who served with the Australian Imperial Force during the Great War, 1914-19. The aim is to give credit to the indigenous Australians who served during the Great War but received little recognition for their participation. Hopefully, this long overdue recognition removes this stain from our collective Australian history.

This list is as extensive as possible although it is not exhaustive. Every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the information but mistakes do occur. Should there be a mistake or an omission please inform the site through the "Post Comment" link at the bottom right hand corner of this post. 

 

A

242 Pte Michael John Allen, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 29/01/1915

50246 Pte Willie Allen, 1 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 10/12/1917

63982 Pte Edwin James Arnold, 5 General Service Reinforcements Qld, Did not embark; Enlisted 4/7/1918

B

1234 Pte Charles Baird, 5 Light Horse Regiment, 5/05/1915
3024 Pte Charles Baker, 6 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 22/03/1916
19600 Pte Harry Baker, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
3469 Pte Frank Balser, 5 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 3/10/1917
1741 Pte Robert Beale, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 14/09/1915
19608 Pte Bertie Beckett, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
3467 Pte Albert Beulah, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 14/06/1917
3288 Pte Victor Harold Blanch, 2 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 30/10/1916
64321 Pte Martin Blyth, 6 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 19/08/1918
50271 Pte Patrick Brady, 1 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 14/02/1918
1154 Pte Stephen James Brown, 2 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 25/02/1915
2422 Pte William Bert Brown, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 11/07/1917
2423 Pte Frederick Arthur Burnett, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 30/07/1917

 C

Pte Daniel Cabbo, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
3146 Pte James Edward Cain, ICC; Enlisted 15/04/1917
N/R Pte Joseph Callanan, LH depot, Did not embark; Enlisted 17/11/1916
1173 Pte Alfred Cameron, 3 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 15/01/1915
3471 Pte William Charles Campbell, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 28/05/1917
219 Pte Samuel John Capes, 7 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 3/11/1914
N/R Pte Christopher Carmody, [former South African Veteran] 25 Battalion 21 Reinforcements, Did not embark; Enlisted 6/09/1917
2161 Pte Angus Bruce Carten, 5 Light Horse Regiment, 9/09/1915
2507 Pte William Castles, 54Bn; Enlisted 15/05/1916
57312 Pte William Wallace Chatfield, 4 General Service Reinforcements NSW; Enlisted 14/05/1918
19606 Pte William Christie, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
2424 Pte Edward Collins, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 25/06/1917
2459 Pte Frederick Collins, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 25/06/1917
50248 Pte Glen Combarngo, 1 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 12/01/1918
56907 Pte Fredrick Coolwell, 3 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 22/05/1918
N/R Pte Tom Cooper, Did not embark; Enlisted 15/12/1915
2425 Pte Jack Costello, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 19/07/1917
2420 Pte Walter Couchy, 5 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 10/11/1915
3662 Pte Harold Arthur Cowan, Imperial Camel Corps; Enlisted 6/11/1917
2099 Pte Peter Craigie, 9 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 30/12/1915
1259 Pte Joseph Crough, 8 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 17/06/1915
3121 Dvr John Cubbo, ARU/Egypt; Enlisted 1/06/1918
63989 Pte Willie Cummings, 5 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 13/06/1918

 D

19609 Pte Ossie Dick, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
19614 Pte Murtle Douglas, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
2426 Pte Harry Doyle, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 23/05/1917
Dr Capt Charles Duguid, AAMC; Enlisted 12/01/1917
3477 Pte Walter Herbert Duncan, 1 Light Horse Regiment, 8/05/1917

E

138 Pte Jack Murray Ella, 11 Light Horse Regiment, 6/01/1915
3056 Pte George Arthur Ellis, 5 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 23/10/1916

F

1696 Pte Ernest James Firth, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 21/09/1915
1162 Pte Francis Walter Bertie Firth, 2 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 24/02/1915
2428 Pte Frank Fisher, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 16/08/1917
19615 Pte James Fisher, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
2427 Pte Joe Fitzroy, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 16/07/1917
97 Dvr Albert Franklin, Remts ARU/India, 4/01/1918
2334 Pte Leslie Franks, 2 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 10/11/1915

G

2429 Pte John Geary, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 14/08/1917
2906 Pte Roland Donald Gordon, 49 Bn; Enlisted 20/03/1916

H

3297 Pte Valentine Hare, 2 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 3/02/1917
56986 Pte Joseph Harris, 3 General Service Reinforcements NSW, 4/04/1918
2255 Pte Henry Hawkins; Enlisted 2 Remts; Enlisted 25/10/1915
19610 Pte Christie Hill, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
3238 Pte Edward Hill, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 22/05/1916
1726 Pte James Alfred Hubbard, 5 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 30/08/1915
19603 Pte Robert Hubbard, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917

J

2430 Pte John Johnston, 11 Light Horse Regiment, 8/10/1917

K

3502 Pte George Wilfred Kapeen, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 26/04/1917
2431 Pte Jack Kearns, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 16/07/1917
1025 Pte George Kennedy, 6 Light Horse Regiment, 4/02/1915

L

2432 Pte John McKenzie Laurie, 11 Light Horse Regiment, 9/06/1917
63999 Pte Douglas Edward Law, 5 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 29/07/1918
63998 Pte Vincent Frederick Law, 5 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 31/07/1918
1040 Pte Arthur John Lee, 7 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 18/05/1915
3662 Pte Archibald Henry Leonard, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 29/05/1917
50276 Pte John Horner Lewis, 1 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 12/04/1918
2433 Pte James Lingwoodock, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 18/07/1917
50333 Pte James Lock, 1 General Service Reinforcements NSW, 7/05/1917
532 Pte Henry James Locke, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 1/09/1914
3715 Pte Thomas Locke, 7 Light Horse Regiment, 5/06/1917
1598 Pte Edward McDonald Lovett, 4 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 17/08/1915
3815 Pte Frederick Amos Lovett, 4 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 17/05/1917
953 Pte James Lucas, 5 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 19/12/1914
2434 Pte Leonard Lynch, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 16/08/1917

M

2438 Pte James Mcbride, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 19/09/1917
4441 Pte Niney Mcdonald, LH Reinf; Enlisted 14/08/1917
N/R Pte Alex McKenzie, LH Depot, Did not embark; Enlisted 25/01/1917
50448 Pte John James Mckinnon, 1 General Service Reinforcements Vic; Enlisted 11/08/1917
19601 Pte Bismark Mitchell, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
2437 Pte David Molloy, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 27/08/1917
19604 Pte Henry Monsell, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
19605 Pte Charles Morgan, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
2435 Pte Frank Morris, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 25/08/1917
19614 Pte Sunny Moss, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
757 Pte Hurtle Muckray, 3 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 26/11/1914
500 Pte David Mullett; Enlisted 1 Remts, 6/11/1915
3727 Pte Archie Murphy, 6 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 2/06/1917
N/R Pte Alan (Clem) Murray, Did not embark; Enlisted
2436 Pte Harry Murray, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 2/06/1917

N

2439 Pte William Nicholld, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 18/08/1917

64373 Pte Jack Henry Norman, 6 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 17/08/1918

O

2440 Pte Jack Oliffe, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 19/07/1917

P

19602 Pte William Pagel, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
2443 Pte Charlie Parkes, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 19/05/1917
3431 Pte William Pearce, 6 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 2/02/1917
2441 Pte Jack Pollard, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 27/07/1917

R

19613 Pte Arthur Riley, Did not embark; Enlisted 14/05/1917
3513 Pte Thomas Rine, Imperial Camel Corps; Enlisted 4/05/1917
50278 Pte Harry Roberts, 1 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 22/01/1918
50265 Pte Herbert Roberts, Did not embark; Enlisted 21/02/1918
56924 Pte Pompey Roberts, 3 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 29/05/1918
3491 Pte Sid Roberts, 5 Light Horse Regiment, 6/07/1917

S

352 Pte Allan MacIntosh Scott, Did not embark, 9/09/1914
4445 Pte Robert Shepherd, LH Reinf; Enlisted 12/12/1917
2445 Pte Edward Smith, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 30/05/1917
2056 Pte Jack Stacy, ICC; Enlisted 17/05/1916
50280 Pte Alexander Stanley, 1 General Service Reinforcements Qld; Enlisted 25/02/1918
2088 Pte John Provins Stewart, 1 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 11/08/1915
3675 Pte Daniel Syron, 7 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 26/05/1917

T

3496 Pte Frederick Teare, 5 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 25/08/1917

W

4448 Pte Daniel Wallace, LH Reinf; Enlisted 3/01/1917
4447 Pte Harold Walsh, LH Reinf, 9/01/1918
3497 Pte George West, 5 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 24/11/1917
2447 Pte Joseph White, 11 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 24/08/1917
3018 Pte Sidney Wilson, 6 Light Horse Regiment, 5/04/1916
361 Cpl Joseph Albert Wright, 4 Light Horse Regiment; Enlisted 21/08/1914

 

Acknowledgement: Many thanks to Steve Becker for providing this information and allowing it to be published on this site. 

 

Further Reading:

Aboriginal Servicemen Biographies

Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF

Aboriginals in the AIF

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Australian Light Horse, Aboriginal Light Horsemen, Those who served

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EADT
Updated: Monday, 12 December 2011 9:02 AM EAST
Tuesday, 31 March 2009
Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

Reveille Articles

Aboriginals in the AIF

 

Article #1

In 1931, the RSL [Returned Serviceman's League], through their monthly magazine, Reveille, made an attempt to recognise the services given to the AIF by  the Aboriginal members. This was quite a radical departure from the usual Australian social policy

 

Reveille, 30 September 1931, p 6.

[Click on document for larger version.]

 

The article deals specifically with the 11th Light Horse Regiment and a particular group of reinforcements. The reinforcement group mentioned is the 11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement, which embarked from Sydney, New South Wales on board the HMAT A38 Ulysses on 19 December 1917. Most of the reinforcements arrived for absorbtion in the 11th Light Horse Regiment by April 1918.

The full list of men involved in this reinforcement group may be found at the  The AIF Project:

11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement

Those specifically identified as Aboriginal Light Horsemen include the following 29 men in this Reinforcement group:

2422 Pte William Bert Brown
2423 Pte Frederick Arthur Burnett
2424 Pte Edward Collins
2459 Pte Fred Collins
2458 Pte Samuel Cooper
2425 Pte Jack Costello
2426 Pte Harry Doyle
2428 Pte Frank Fisher
2427 Pte Joe Fitzroy
2462 Pte Rupert Franklin Gore Gallaway
2429 Pte John Geary
2460 Pte John Hall
2430 Pte John Johnston, Died of Wounds, 1 June 1918
2431 Pte Jack Kearns
2432 Pte John McKenzie Laurie
2433 Pte James Lingwoodock
2434 Pte Leonard Lynch
2438 Pte James Mcbride
2437 Pte David Molloy
2435 Pte Frank Morris
2458 Pte Martin Mulrooney
2436 Pte Harry Murray
2439 Pte William Nicholld
2440 Pte Jack Oliffe
2443 Pte Charlie Parkes
2441 Pte Jack Pollard
2445 Pte Edward Smith
2447 Pte Joe White
2448 Pte Leslie Thomas Wogas

Apart from four other men in this group, the 11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement was the only exclusively Aboriginal formation created within the AIF during the Great War and so holds a special place in the recognition of the Aboriginal participation of this conflict.

 

Article #2

This article in the November 1931 edition of Reveille was the follow up of the first article displayed above.

 

Reveille, 30 November 1931, p 22.

[Click on document for larger version.]

 

This was an important piece of work in the process of identifying those members of the AIF who were of Aboriginal origin. The list is far from complete and is of dubious accuracy but it does provide the researcher with some solid information. Where service numbersare given in the list, the accuracy of the list comes into its own. Notes by the Aboriginal Protectors of Victoria and Queensland are indicative and issued with the best knowledge available at the time. Spelling variations are not accounted for nor are a number of other factors which generally reduces the value of this list.

 

Additional Reading:

Aboriginal Light Horsemen Servicemen 

List of Aboriginal Servicemen

Aboriginal Light Horsemen and AIF personnel

 


Citation: Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 2 April 2009 11:18 PM EADT
Wednesday, 12 November 2008
2460 Pte John Hall, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource
Topic: AIF - Aboriginal LH

 

Education Centre

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre in conjunction with the various Education authorities in Australia, has embarked upon producing a program of instruction targeted initially towards the Later Adolescence band of scholars, characteristically those who are studying in Year 9 and 10 within Australia. Each lesson will be a self contained module. Some will be more difficult than others and graded accordingly.

 

Lesson 11 Aboriginal Light Horsemen

Resource - Light Horseman Service Record - Essential Pages

2460 Pte John Hall,  11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement


2460 Pte John Hall, Attestation Paper, p. 1.

[Click on document for larger version.]

The front cover of the Attestation Paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad provides the reader with the following information:

  • Service Number,
  • Surname,
  • Given Names,
  • Age,
  • Employment,
  • Married or Single,
  • Next of Kin Relationship,
  • Next of Kin Name and Address,
  • Enlistment Date.

This information is vital as it identifies the specific soldier and in case of death or injury, allows the relatives to be informed. The next of kin was important for another reason. Each soldier was compelled to give an allotment of their daily wage to the person nominated as the next of kin. This was an essential financial consideration.

Once this information was gathered, the second page dealt with an oath to the King. The next page to give information was page 3.

 
2460 Pte John Hall, Attestation Paper, p. 3

[Click on document for larger version.]

The third page of the Attestation Paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad provides the reader with the following information:

  • Height,
  • Weight,
  • Chest Measurement
  • Complexion,
  • Eyes,
  • Hair, 
  • Religion.

The health of the potential soldier was important as the life was particularly strenuous. The ability to carry heavy weights for great distances was most important.

 


 


2460 Pte John Hall, Attestation Paper, p. 4

[Click on document for larger version.]

Since 2460 Pte John Hall deserted, Page 1 of the Transferred to Australian Imperial Force D  was not utilised but instead page 4 of the Attestation Paper was used which provides the reader with the following information:

  • The last rank held in the AIF,
  • The date of Discharge,
  • The place where Discharged,
  • The eligible medals awarded to the serviceman.

Information on this form depends upon the individual. This particular form can at times run into many pages.

The police were employed in tracking down a deserter. Below is one such report.

 


 

 2460 Pte John Hall, Police Report

[Click on document for larger version.]

This particular police report deals with the capture of 2460 Pte John Hall which led to his placement with the 11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcements.

2460 Pte John Hall, a brief military biography from The AIF Project:

John HALL

Regimental number2460
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationFarmer
AddressPickenjinnie, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Next of kinFather, Alfred Henry Hall, Pickenjennie, Queensland
Enlistment date15 September 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/16/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 19 December 1917
FateNo details of fate entered on Nominal Roll

 

Additional Research:

To understand the terms employed in the B103, the  Casualty Form - Active Service, an index is available here:

Index to Common B103 Terms

For those interested in further study on this man, the following internet resources are available:

ADFA Summary - This is a cameo summary of his service record.

http://www.aif.adfa.edu.au:8080/showPerson?pid=106590


National Archives - This is the complete service file of 2460 Pte John Hall

http://naa12.naa.gov.au/scripts/imagine.asp?B=3007659&I=1&SE=1

Australian War Memorial

The Australian War Memorial carries two biographical data bases - the Embarkation Roll and the Nominal Roll which was closed in August 1919.

Embarkation details:

http://www.awm.gov.au/nominalrolls/ww1/embarkation/person.asp?p=42569


Nominal Roll:

No entry




Further Reading:

Other Aboriginal Servicemen

Pte Tom Cooper

2919 Pte Alfred John Henry Lovett

2430 Pte John Johnston, 11th LHR

Listing of Aboriginal Servicemen Biographies on this site

Other related items 

Reveille Articles on Aboriginals in the AIF

11th Light Horse War Diary Index for 1918 - 1919, Lesson 11 Resource

11th LHR, AIF account about the 2nd Es Salt Raid - March to May 1918, Chapter XVI

11th LHR, AIF account about the Jordan Valley – May to August 1918, Chapter XVII

 


Citation: 2460 Pte John Hall, 11th LHR, Lesson 11 Resource

Posted by Project Leader at 3:05 PM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 12 November 2008 3:26 PM EAST

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