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Saturday, 31 July 2004
Queensland Mounted Infantry, Contents
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld
 
QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Contents

Queensland Mounted Infantry [1860 - 1866]
Queensland Mounted Infantry [1885 - 1900]

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 South Africa 1899 - 1902

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment).

 

 

Items

History

Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 1

Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 2

Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 3

Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 4

 

Locations

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1903 Reorganisation 

Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1910

Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1913

 

Queensland Mounted Infantry 1860 - 1900

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1860 - 1866

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1885

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1886

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1887

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1888

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1889

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1890

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1891

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1892

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1893

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1894

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1895

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1896

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1897

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1898

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1899

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1900

 

Queensland Mounted Infantry, Battalions

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1st Battalion, 1901 

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 2nd Battalion, 1901

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 3rd Battalion, 1901

Queensland Mounted Infantry, 4th Battalion, 1901

 

Regiments

Queensland Militia - 13th/2nd Australian Light Horse

Queensland Militia - 14th/3rd/11th Australian Light Horse

Queensland Militia - 15th/1st/5th Australian Light Horse

Queensland Militia - 27th/14th Australian Light Horse

 

Sources:

All Queensland Mounted Infantry information appearing on this topic has been sourced from:

Queensland Government Gazette.

Queensland Military General Orders.

Queensland District Orders.

The Official Quarterly List of Officers of the Queensland Land Forces.

Commonwealth of Australia Government Gazette.

Commonwealth of Australia Military Orders.

Commonwealth of Australia Military Forces List.

 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 5:32 PM EADT
Wednesday, 28 July 2004
Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1910
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld
QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1910

Queensland Mounted Infantry [1860 - 1866]
Queensland Mounted Infantry [1885 - 1900]

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 South Africa 1899 - 1902

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment).

 

Towns throughout Queensland with a Light Horse Troop, 1910

The 1903 re-organisation of the Light Horse expanded and consolidated the number of units throughout Australia. Below is a list of towns in Queensland  where a Light Horse troop was based. The towns are listed alphabetically with the particular Troop or Squadron noted next to it.

 
Allora - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Beaudesert - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 1 Squadron (part)
Bell - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 4 Squadron (part)
Biggenden - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Bowen - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 5 Squadron (part)
Brisbane - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment Headquarters, Machine Gun Section and No 1 Squadron (part)
Brisbane - 5th Australian Light Horse Brigade  Headquarters
Clifton - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Forest Hill - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 4 Squadron (part)
Gatton - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 4 Squadron (part)
Gayndah - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Gympie - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 3 Squadron (part)
Helidon - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 4 Squadron (part)
Ingham - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 5 Squadron (part)
Ipswich - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Irvingdale - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Killarney - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 3 Squadron (part)
Lowood - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Ma Ma Creek - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 4 Squadron (part)
Mackay - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 3 Squadron
Mount Chalmers - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 1 Squadron (part)
Mount Morgan - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 4 Squadron
Pie Creek - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 3 Squadron (part)
Rockhampton - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment Headquarters, Machine Gun Section, and No 1 Squadron
Roma - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 4 Squadron (part)
Terror's Creek - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 1 Squadron (part)
Tiaro - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 3 Squadron (part)
Toogoolawah - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 2 Squadron (part)
Toowoomba - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment Headquarters, Machine Gun Section, and No 1 Squadron (part)
Townsville - 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 6 Squadron
Warwick - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 3 Squadron (part)
Woodhill - 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 1 Squadron (part)
Yangan - 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment No 3 Squadron (part)

 

Sources:

See: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Contents

 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

  

Citation: Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1910


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 5:29 PM EADT
Tuesday, 27 July 2004
Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1913
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld

 

 

QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1913

Queensland Mounted Infantry [1860 - 1866]
Queensland Mounted Infantry [1885 - 1900]

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 South Africa 1899 - 1902

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment).

 

1913 Light Horse Militia Structure and Location of Activity List in Queensland

During the re-organisation of the Militia as a consequence of the 1910 Kitchener Report, a new system of raising the forces occurred. In so doing, areas whose population altered and were unable to sustain any Militia activity had functions removed. Other areas had the units peculiar to the particular state disbanded or amalgamated with other units. In 1911 there were specific 1,527 Militia activities spread over the continent of Australia. This increased to 1,772 Militia activities in 1912. However, the transition was not always linear. In the shake-up, 236 Militia activities were removed from various centres. The major reason for the removal of an activity related to population issues. The main item removed from an area was the rifle club.

The following is a list of all Light Horse Militia activities that were in operation from a particular location in Queensland during the 1912 year.

A

Allora, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)
Ayr, Qld: 27th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Headquarters and "A" Squadron (part)

B

Beaudesert, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)
Beenleigh, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)
Biggenden, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Bowen, Qld: 27th Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)
Brisbane, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade HQ
Brisbane, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Headquarters & MGS 

C

Clifton, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Coraki, Qld: 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)

D

 

E

 

F

Forest Hill, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)

G

Gatton, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Gayndah, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Gracemere, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)
Gympie, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Headquarters and "C" Squadron (part)

H

Hemmant, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)

I

Ipswich, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)

J

 

K

 

L

Laidley, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Lowood, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)

M

Ma Ma Creek, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Mackay, Qld: 27th Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Marburg, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)
Mareeba, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, E Squadron (part)
Mount Morgan, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron

N

 

O

Oakey, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)

P

Pie Creek, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)
Pittsworth, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)
Pratten, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)

Q

 

R

Rockhampton, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, Machine Gun Section and "A" Squadron (part)
Roma, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron (part)

S

Stanwell, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)

T

Toowoomba, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Headquarters, Machine Gun Section, and "A" Squadron (part)
Townsville, Qld: 27th Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)

U

 

V

 

W

Warwick, Qld: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "B" Squadron (part)
Woodhill, Qld: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)
Wyearbah, Qld: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "A" Squadron (part)

Y

 

Z


 

Sources:

See: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Contents

 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

 

Citation:  Queensland Light Horse Locations, 1913


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 5:23 PM EADT
Monday, 26 July 2004
Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1903 Reorganisation
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld

QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Light Horse Structure 1903

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 

13th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

"A" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"B" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"C" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"E" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry

Independent Squadron

The following two companies were to be formed into an idependent squadron and attached to 13th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry) for training purposes.

"D" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"F" Company, 1st Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry

14th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

The entire 2nd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry was to be renamed 14th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry).

15th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

"A" Company, 3rd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"B" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"C" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
"D" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 
Biggenden Company, Queensland Mounted Infantry

Independent Squadron

The following two companies were to be formed into an idependent squadron and attached to 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry) for training purposes.

"B" Company, 3rd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
"C" Company, 3rd Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry

Independent Squadron

The following company was to be formed into an idependent squadron and attached to 15th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry) for training purposes.

"A" Company, 4th Battalion, Queensland Mounted Infantry
 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: Queensland Mounted Infantry, 1903 Reorganisation

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 1:50 PM EADT
Sunday, 25 July 2004
Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 1
Topic: Militia - LHQ - Qld

QMI

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Outline, Part 1

Forward

March: Soldiers of the Queen

 South Africa 1899 - 1902

Allied with: King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment).

 

The following outline of the Queensland Mounted Infantry is extracted from a book written by Joan Starr called Forward: the history of the 2nd / 14th Light Horse (Queensland Mounted Infantry), published Queensland, 1989. This section comes from pp. 1 - 3:

 

From the landing of the First Fleet to the late nineteenth century, Australia was a temporary home for over a quarter of the line regiments of the British Army. In the days when the Regiments of Foot were still numbered, twenty-six of them served in the Australian Colonies. Apart from ceremonial duties their responsibilities were largely of policing: guarding convict chain gangs and jails; protecting settlers from the Aborigines and bushrangers; and protecting the goldfields and gold consignments, and so on. Although many Australian born men were recruited into the British units stationed in Australia, the colonies' defence and internal law were in the hands of the British Army.

In the mid-nineteenth century, as British units were disbanded and the troops withdrew from Australia, the colonies faced the task of raising and funding a standing army of their own, and of coordinating a defence policy. Following the separation of the Colony of Queensland from New South Wales in June 1859, steps were taken to provide for its defence. The responsibilities assumed by the new and sparsely populated colony included the defence of its 3,000 mile coastline, and its vast 670,500 square miles - an area as large as Great Britain, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy combined. For a population of only twenty five thousand, almost one third of which was concentrated in the southeast corner in Brisbane and Ipswich, this was a formidable task. Furthermore the small detachment of Imperial troops had been withdrawn some years earlier so the Colony lacked even the nucleus of a defence organisation upon which to build.

In early February 1860, the Colonial Secretary announced in the Moreton Bay Courier that lists were open for the enlistment of one troop of twenty-five Mounted Rifles and two companies of fifty Riflemen each. All men were to be volunteers and the Mounted Rifles were to supply their own horses and uniforms, the government undertook the supply of weapons and ammunition. The volunteers were to be paid only if called out for service and provision would be made for the families of any men killed in action. It was considered that, "two hours daily on two days of the week would suffice for drill and practice, or even Sunday evenings alone. Such practice would be a healthy and agreeable exercise and would promote sociability and good feeling.

The birth of the unit that is now known as the 2nd/ 14th Light Horse (Queensland Mounted Infantry) occurred on 27 February 1860, when the Governor, Sir George Bowen, approved the Rules and Regulations of the Brisbane Mounted Rifles. The Governor appointed John Bramston as Captain and commander of the troop. Later that year two more troops of the Queensland Mounted Rifles were raised and known by their district titles of Ipswich and Port Curtis.

Following an enthusiastic start the Volunteer Defence Force experienced difficulty retaining its recruits. Within two years the numbers in certain units dwindled due to a lack of interest, and dissatisfaction caused by the government's failure to provide sufficient uniforms and equipment. In March 1863 the Governor dispensed with the services of the Port Curtis troop due to their failure to attend parade, the commissions of the officers were cancelled. The Queensland Mounted Rifles were renamed Queensland Light Horse in 1864, but their numbers continued to dwindle with the troops at Brisbane and Ipswich numbering twenty-five. The Moreton Bay Courier noted that they were the most irregular troops of an unorthodox army. The men were said to be loath to accept discipline and their only usefulness was for the purpose of show. The paper predicted an early disbandment of the remaining mounted troops. Unfortunately, their prediction was accurate and by 1866 both the Brisbane and Ipswich troops had been disbanded. Queensland had chosen, for reasons of economy, to create an amateur defence force. It would take many years for the government to realise its mistake, but in the meantime the Queensland Defence Force continued under difficulties and by 1876 the total number was only 415 men enrolled in artillery and infantry units.

This was all to change as fears of a Russian invasion and concerns over unrest in the Torres Strait region caused a government rethink of its defence policy. In September 1883 an Imperial officer, Lieutenant Colonel George Arthur French, Royal Artillery, was appointed as Commandant of Queensland's Defence Force. French was a committed militiaman who wanted to eliminate the volunteer force completely and create a militia force, or at least one that was partially paid. Although he was not allowed a completely free hand in reorganising the force, French did however generate considerable change in the government's attitude to defence. A professional, he expressed himself forcefully and he would not be ignored when presenting his reports criticising a lack of government action. He had no intention of tolerating indifference and his dynamism had effect.

The Queensland Defence Force was substantially reorganised under the 1884 Defence Act with £35,591 allocated for the 1885-86 year. Under the reorganisation the new Volunteer Corps was gazetted on 4 March 1885. The old volunteer units, with the exception of a few in the country areas, were converted to militia, or paid army. The militia component of the Defence Force had a strength of 110 officers and 1,528 other ranks.

French distinguished between the paid and unpaid forces by calling the militia "Defence Forces" and labelling the unpaid troops "Volunteers". Within three years he had increased the Volunteer Corps to 26 officers and 718 other ranks. Included in the volunteers were the Brisbane Mounted Infantry (renamed Moreton Mounted Infantry in 1885), Bundaberg Mounted Rifles, Gympie Mounted Rifles, Mackay Mounted Rifles, and Charters Towers Mounted Infantry. The 1884 Defence Act and Lieutenant Colonel French had provided Queensland with a stable defence structure, among its finest troops were the mounted soldiers.

 

Previous: Queensland Mounted Infantry

Next: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 2

 

Further Reading:

Queensland Mounted Infantry

Boer War - Queensland Mounted Infantry

Australian Militia Light Horse

 


Citation: Queensland Mounted Infantry, Outline, Part 1

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 9 July 2010 1:41 PM EADT

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