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Anzac "A" Badge

 

As the Great War dragged on into its fifth year, recognition of service amongst the members of the AIF became more important to the individuals. The men with the longer service wanted to be recognised as such and readily distinguishable from a group of soldiers. Those with service dating back to the commencement of the war also wanted special treatment.

 

AIF Orders regarding the Anzac "A" Badge

Chevrons for service overseas, page 1

Chevrons for service overseas, page 2

Chevrons for service overseas, page 3

9th LHR Routine Order No 851, 22 January 1918

 

Anzac Mounted Division – Reconnaissance Reports (1916 to 1918) Collection

 

During the period from 1916-18, the Anzac Mounted Division performed many important reconnaissances which lay the foundations for their later successes. Each of the reports tells the beginning of an important chapter in the history of the Division.

 

Reconnaissance to Muksheib by Captain Wearne, 8th Light Horse Regiment

 

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, Page 1

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, Page 2

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 16 March 1916, Page 1

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 16 March 1916, Page 2

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 19 March 1916, Page 1

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 19 March 1916, Page 2

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 19 March 1916

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 1

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 2

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 3

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 4

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 5

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 6

 

Special Orders to establish a Signals Station, 9 May 1916, Page 1

Special Orders to establish a Signals Station, 9 May 1916, Page 2

 

Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd

 

Memorandum on proposed Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 5 May 1916, Page 1

Memorandum on proposed Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 5 May 1916, Page 2

Memorandum on proposed Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 5 May 1916, Page 1

Memorandum on proposed Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 5 May 1916, Page 2

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Page 1

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Page 2

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Page 3

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Page 1

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Page 2

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Page 3

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Page 4

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Map 1

Report on Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 9 May 1916, Map 2

 

Movement order from Hill 70 to Bir Et Maler, 9 May 1916, Page 1

Movement Order to Hill 70, 13 May 1916

Chauvel Order for a Reconnaissance to Bir el Bayud, 13 May 1916

Chauvel Order for a Reconnaissance to Bir el Bayud, 13 May 1916, page 2.

Reconnaissance to Hod el Gedaidia, 14 May 1916, page 1.

Reconnaissance to Hod el Gedaidia, 14 May 1916, page 2.

Orders for the relief of the 155th Infantry Brigade by the 12th LHR, 14 May 1916, page 1.

Scottish Horse Movement Order cancelled, 14 May 1916  

Movement Order for the 12th Light Horse Regiment, 14 May 1916

Report on the reconnaissance to Hod el Sagia, 17 May 1916, page 1.

Report on the reconnaissance to Hod el Sagia, 17 May 1916, page 2.

Movement Order for the NZMRB to occupy Oghratina, 17 May 1916

Report by 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance, 17 May 1916

Memorandum on 4th Royal Scots Establishment, 14 June 1916, Page 1

 

Atrocities

 

This topic deals with the various allegations of atrocities conducted by the Allied forces during their conflict with the Ottoman forces. Claims are examined against the facts as they present themselves.

 

Introduction to the framework of atrocities

Massacre near Damascus, 30 September 1918

Ramle Prison Camp, September 1918

Pellagra 

The Allied authorities systematically blinded Ottoman POW's at the behest of the Armenians.

 

August 1914

 

The men who rushed to enlist in the big adventure did so within the context of the social conditions prevailing at the time. Since Australia was an island, coastal and international shipping was its lifeline to other nations. Cargoes included human and other styles. Travel to Britain was very popular as the steaming schedules illustrate.

 

Burglary at Launceston, 28 July 1914

Port Lincoln, August 1914

South Australian Coastal Shipping, August 1914

South Australian Coastal Shipping, August 1914, part 2

Orient Line Shipping Schedule, Adelaide, August 1914

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 10th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 10th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Formation of the 10th Light Horse Regiment, October 1914

 

Formation of the 10th LHR, October 1914

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

10th LHR Routine Order No 3, 1 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 4, 2 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 5, 3 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 6, 4 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 7, 5 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 8, 6 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 9, 7 November 1914

10th LHR Routine Order No 156, 19 June 1916

 

10th LHR Brigade Scouts

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1915, Units - 11th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 11th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 11th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Personnel

 

865 Sgt Percy Charles POINTON

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

11th LHR Routine Order 101, 18 June 1916

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1915, Units - 12th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 12th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 12th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Personnel

 

924 Private Albert “Tibby” Cotter

Cotter and the Gezireh Sports Club

Cotter and the Gezireh Sports Club, Part 2

842 Private Alwynne Steel Beveridge

1107 Private Harold Spence

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

12th LHR Routine Order 22, 24 June 1917

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 1st Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 1st Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Personnel

 

50 Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant Robert Hamilton, MM, 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron.

2826 Pte Donald McBean

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

1st LHR Routine Order 80, 16 June 1918

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 1st Signal Troop

 

This is a transcription from a manuscript submitted by Major R. Smith called 1st Australian Signal Troop, a history of that formation.

 

1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 1

1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 2

1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 3

1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 4

1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 5

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1918, Units - 22nd Corps

 

This Regiment was an amalgamation of the 4th Light Horse Regiment from Australia and the Otago Mounted Rifles from New Zealand.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 536, 1 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 537, 2 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 538, 3 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 539, 4 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 540, 5 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 541, 6 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 542, 7 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 543, 8 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 544, 9 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 545, 10 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 546, 11 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 547, 12 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 548, 13 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 549, 14 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 550, 15 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 551, 16 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 552, 17 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 553, 18 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 554, 19 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 555, 20 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 556, 21 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 557, 22 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 558, 23 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 559, 24 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 560, 25 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 561, 26 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 563, 28 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 562, 27 January 1918

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 564, 29 January 1918, p. 1.

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 564, 29 January 1918, p. 2.

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 565, 30 January 1918, p. 1.

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 566, 31 January 1918, p. 1.

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 567, 1 February 1918, p. 1.

22nd Corps Cavalry Routine Order 568, 2 February 1918, p. 1.

22nd Corps Routine Order 685, 20 June 1918

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 2nd Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Personnel

 

272 Squadron Sergeant Major William John Brown

273 Squadron Quartermaster Sergeant Frank Cartwright

280 Farrier Sergeant Arthur Edgar Molesworth

285 Cpl Thomas George Alexander Miller

307 Trooper William Montague Cory

312 Trooper Leonard Dimmick

318 Private William Alfred Elliott

322 Private Percy Ussher Gooch

325 Private Sidney Anderson Greenbury

336 Private Arthur Alexander Heffler

346 Private Edward Sutton Lane

348 Private William George Moren

351 Tpr William Henry Massey

371 Shoeing Smith Phillip Joseph O'Sullivan

374 Driver James Pearson

375 Shoeing Smith Philip George Ranahan

381 Pte John Rogan

394 Private Walter Henry Thompson

413 Private William Kiddell

414 Private George King

415 Private Harry Middleton

451 Squadron Quartermaster Sergeant Matthew Gee

456 Sergeant John Stanley Wade

471 Private William Harvey Adams

484 Private Thomas Buckley

487 Private Stanley Alfred James Cheers

490 Private Patrick Casey

501 Private Edward Donovan

522 Lance Corporal Frederick Louis Hornby

529 Private Patrick Ravenhill Hulbert

540 Private Charles Harold Mills

551 Private Robert McAleese

552 Private James Archibald Murray

570 Private Francis Darvall Templer

596 Private Arthur Ernest Anderson

624 Private Oliver Harris

383 Private Colin Morgan Reade

404 Bugler Denis Ramsay Needham Walker

293 Trooper Charles Beresford Alexander

416 Trooper Frederick Ernest Stumm

Captain Allan William Nash

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 3rd Echelon

 

The 3rd Echelon was one of many administrative arms for the Australian and New Zealand forces, initially in Egypt but then also in Britain and France.

 

Letter to Colonel Fulton, 27 October 1917

A letter written by 817 Warrant Officer Allan Kingston Vickery and sent to Lieutenant Colonel Fulton, the Commandant of AIF Headquarters, Cairo in Egypt, dated 27 October 1917 outlining the processes required to ensure the smooth transfer of 3rd Echelon functions to AIF Headquarters

3rd Echelon Duty Chart, 22 August 1917

Duties transferred from 3rd Echelon to the AIF

Anzac Mounted Division Reinforcements Procedures

WSMD Messages 3rd Echelon Procedures

WSMD = Wounded, Sick, Missing, and Dead.

The 3rd Echelon - Officers

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 3rd Light Horse Brigade

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade. The War Diary of this Brigade is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade War Diary.

 

War Diary

 

During the course of the Brigade’s campaign, a daily account of the activities participated in by the Brigade were recorded in the War Diary.

 

Hill 60

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 29 August 1915

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 2

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 3

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 4

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 5

 

The September 1918 Offensive and taking of Damascus

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 11 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 12 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 13 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 14 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 15 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 16 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 17 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 18 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 19 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 20 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 21 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 22 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 23 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 24 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 25 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 26 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 27 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 28 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 29 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 September 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 1 October 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 2 October 1918

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 3 October 1918

 

Signals

 

Hughes asks for his son to be transferred, 8 August 1915

Signals from 3rd LHB, 11 August 1915

Signals from 3rd LHB, 11 August 1915 - Part 2

Signals to 3rd LHB regarding 10th LHR attack 27 August 1915

3rd LHB Signals about Ammunition, 1 November 1915

 

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 3rd Light Horse Field Ambulance which was the medical unit attached to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade.

 

The Deir el Belah air raid on the night of 4 May 1917

 

The 3rd LHFA Tent after the Belah Air Raid, 4 May 1917

The Belah Bombing Raid, 4 May 1917, Map

The Belah Bombing Raid, 4 May 1917

 

Beersheba Account

 

3rd LHFA, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 3rd Light Horse Machine Gun Squadron.

 

Beersheba Account

 

3rd LHMGS, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Personnel

 

44 Private Thomas Aloysius O'Brien

 

 

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 3rd Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 3rd Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

3rd LHR Routine Order No 138, 14 June 1915

 

Beersheba Account

 

3rd ALHR AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 4th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 4th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

4th LHR Routine Order No 171, 17 June 1915

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 5th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 5th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 5th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

5th LHR Routine Order No 29, 19 June 1918

 

Personnel

 

284 Trooper David Laing Clark

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 6th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 6th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 6th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

6th LHR Routine Order No 47, 17 June 1916

 

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 7th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 7th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 7th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

7th LHR RO 18, 29 October 1914, p. 1

7th LHR Routine Order No 156, 17 June 1916

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 8th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 8th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 8th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

8th LHR Routine Order No 590, 19 June 1916

 

Personnel

 

1081 Lance Corporal William Colin McELIWEE

The Merritt family, 8th LHR

Captain Albert Ernest Wearne

 

Reconnaissance to Muksheib by Captain Wearne, 8th Light Horse Regiment

 

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, Page 1

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, Page 2

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 16 March 1916, Page 1

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 16 March 1916, Page 2

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 19 March 1916, Page 1

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 19 March 1916, Page 2

Memorandum on reconnaissance to Muksheib, 19 March 1916

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 1

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 2

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 3

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 4

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 5

Report on reconnaissance to Muksheib by Capt Wearne, Page 6

 

 

Australian Imperial Force, 1914, Units - 9th Light Horse Regiment

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the 9th Light Horse Regiment. The War Diary of this Regiment is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

 

During the course of the Regiment’s campaign, a daily account of the activities participated in by the Regiment were recorded in the War Diary.

 

War Diary Day by Day Account

 

Each daily entry is a collation of diary entries from 1914 to 1919.

 

January

 

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 January

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 2 January

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 3 January

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 4 January

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 5 January

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 6 January

 

October

 

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 1 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 2 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 3 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 4 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 5 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 6 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 7 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 8 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 9 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 10 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 11 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 12 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 13 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 14 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 15 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 16 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 17 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 18 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 19 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 20 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 21 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 22 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 23 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 24 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 25 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 26 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 27 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 28 October

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 29 October

 

 

Bert Schramm’s Diary – The September 1918 Breakout

 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 11 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 12 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 13 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 14 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 15 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 16 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 17 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 18 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 19 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 20 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 21 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 22 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 23 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 24 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 25 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 26 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 27 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 28 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 29 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 30 September 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 1 October 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 2 October 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 3 October 1918

 

Personnel

 

3 Sergeant Albert John Kilsby

Merrill, Betteridge and Paxton

3052 Trooper Arthur Arnold Herde

345 Sergeant Linton Hall Swann

3051 Trooper George Hodby

3050 Trooper Hubert Mead Gowling

3049 Trooper Stanley Alexander Ferguson

3048 Trooper Montague Eli Frederick Forth

3047 Trooper Richard Percy Dunstan

211 Trooper Andrew Powell Yeates, KIA Hill 60

Lieutenant Colonel Carew Reynell, KIA Hill 60

 

Hill 60, Gallipoli

 

9th LHR personnel at Hill 60, 27 August 1915

The Nek and Hill 60 - The massacre of the Australians

 

Australian Imperial Force, Units – Australian Army Supply Corps (AASC)

 

This topic deals with the men who served in the necessary operations to ensure the field armies were well supplied.

 

AASC Reinforcements not recorded on the Embarkation Rolls

7545 Dvr Walter John Watson

 

Australian Imperial Force, Units - Brigade Scouts

 

The most well known Brigade Scouts were the 3rd LH Brigade Scouts who were even granted their own particular scout badge which could be worn on their uniform.

 

Regimental Scouts

Brigade Scout Roll

10th LHR Brigade Scouts

Captain Albert Ernest Wearne

 

Australian Imperial Force, Units - 1st Australian Armoured Car Sections

 

This is a transcription from a manuscript submitted by Captain E.H. Jones called "The Motor Patrol". It is lodged in the AWM as AWM 224 MSS 209. Pictures, annotations and corrections have been added to the text.

 

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN ARMOURED CAR SECTION

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - THE LIBYAN DESERT

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Sinai

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Beersheba

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Palestine - Part 1

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Palestine - Part 2

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Palestine - Part 3

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - The Dead Sea - Part 1

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - The Dead Sea - Part 2

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - The Dead Sea - Part 3

Steam Tug at the Dead Sea

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Megiddo - Part 1

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Megiddo - Part 2

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Megiddo - Part 3

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Megiddo - Part 4

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - The Motor Dash on Aleppo - Part 1

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - The Motor Dash on Aleppo - Part 2

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - The Motor Dash on Aleppo - Part 3

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - AFTER THE ARMISTICE - Part 1

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - AFTER THE ARMISTICE - Part 2

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - THE BATTLE WITH THE KURDISH BANDITS - Part 1

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - THE BATTLE WITH THE KURDISH BANDITS - Part 2

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - THE BATTLE WITH THE KURDISH BANDITS - Part 3

 

Australian Imperial Force, Units – Desert Mounted Corps (DMC)

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the Desert Mounted Corps. The War Diary of this Corps is available on the Australian War Memorial Website at this address: General Staff, Headquarters Desert Mounted Corps War Diary.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 1 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 2 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 3 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 6 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 7 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 8 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 9 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 13 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 14 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 15 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 16 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 17 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 19 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 21 October 1917

Desert Mounted Corps Routine Orders - 24 October 1917

 

Australian Imperial Force, Units - Double Squadrons

 

With an abundance of men in the Light Horse Training Regiments, those that did not go to the artillery or service corps but remained as potential Light Horse replacements were formed into active service units known as Double Squadrons charged with the purpose of guarding the Suez Canal. Each Double Squadron was named after the Brigade from whence it was drawn.

 

Double Squadrons

 

 

Australian Imperial Force, Units - Engineers

 

The decision to keep the Light Horse in Egypt made during early 1916 led to one of the important innovations of the war, the creation of the Field Squadron Engineers. Their work was essential in assisting the Light Horse achieve their goals.

 

Cookhouse at Mrs Chisholme's Canteen, Kantara

Bridge building over the Sweetwater Canal, Kantara, July 1916

 

Australian Imperial Force, Units – Imperial Camel Corps (ICC)

 

This thread gives details as to the formation and operation of the Imperial Camel Corps.

 

Routine Orders

 

One of the best sources of information available for understanding the immediate challenges facing a regiment is to be found in the Routine Orders. They are a wealth of detail. The Routine Orders provide an unvarnished history of the Regiment.

 

1st Brigade Imperial Camel Corps Routine Order, 16 June 1917

 

Australian Light Horse Division Reorganisation 1917

 

In early 1917, the Anzac Mounted Division was divided into two new divisions: 1. the Anzac Mounted Division containing the Australian 1st and 2nd Light Horse Brigades and the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade; and, 2. The Imperial Mounted Division containing the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade and two British Yeomanry Brigades. The papers on this thread deal with the activities related to this split.

 

Australian Imperial Force – Miscellaneous Topics

 

Various subjects and topics too small in number and diverse in nature to catalogue under its own thread.

 

Entertainment for the troops - the movies

Three Cadets from Royal Military College

Sand Cart Plans and Description

Pip, Squeak and Wilfred - the Trio Medals

Bugle Calls

 

Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa

 

In 1911, Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, produced a marvellous Boer War reference detailing all the contingents sent from Australia to South Africa, giving a brief history of the formation and finally, listing all the soldiers who saw service in South Africa with that unit. The book was called, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa. It is now the standard reference and starting place for any person interested in pursuing information about Australian involvement in the Boer War.

 

New South Wales

 

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 70

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 71

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 72

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 73

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 74

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 75

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 76

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 77

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 78

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 79

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 80

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 81

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 82

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 83

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 84

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 84A

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 85

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 86

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 87

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 88

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 89

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 91

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 92

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 90

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 93

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 94

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 95

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 96

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 97

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 98

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 99

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 100

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 101

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 102

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 103

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 104

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 105

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 105A

 

Queensland

 

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 457

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 458

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 459

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 460

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 461

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 462

 

Tasmania

 

Second Tasmanian Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 551

Second Tasmanian Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 552

Second Tasmanian Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 553

 

Boer War – 2nd Queensland Mounted Infantry (2QMI)

 

Information regarding the operations and personnel within the 2nd Queensland Mounted Infantry, (2QMI).

 

Personnel

3 Pte Edmund Teasdale Johnson 2nd Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent

 

Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa

 

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 457

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 458

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 459

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 460

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 461

Second Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent, Murray, page 462

 

 

Boer War – 2nd Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen Contingent (2TIB)

 

Information regarding the operations and personnel within the 2nd Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen Contingent, (2TIBI).

 

Personnel

Tasmanians at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa

 

Second Tasmanian Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 551

Second Tasmanian Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 552

Second Tasmanian Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 553

 

Boer War - Campaign

 

At the beginning of the Boer War there were many optimistic assessments of the war. This section deals with the claims and the subsequent reality.

 

The Boer War British Plan of Attack revealed on 30 September 1899

 

Boer War – The Battle of Elands River, 4 August 1900

 

As the number of posts in different threads relating to the Battle of Elands River which took place on 4 August 1900 begin to mount, this particular thread provides a collective Table of Posts on this subject.

 

War Diary of the New South Wales Imperial Bushmen written by Major David Miller

 

NSWIB 3 August 1900

NSWIB 4 August 1900, page 1

NSWIB 4 August 1900, page 2

NSWIB 6 August 1900

NSWIB 7 August 1900

NSWIB 8 August 1900

NSWIB 9 August 1900

NSWIB 10 August 1900

NSWIB 14 August 1900

NSWIB 15 August 1900

NSWIB 16 August 1900

NSWIB 17 August 1900

NSWIB 18 August 1900

 

Elands River, Map of Siege Area, 4 August 1900

 

Elands River Siege, 4 August 1900, Map

 

Report of Eland River Battle in the London Times, 13 August 1900, p. 3.

 

London Times, 13 August 1900, p. 3

 

The Report of the Battle at Elands River written by Major Tunbridge, 2nd Rhodesian Field Force, 18 August 1900

 

Report page 1

Report page 2

Report page 2

Report page 3

Report page 4

Report page 5

Report page 6

Report page 7

Report on Casualties, page 8

 

Casualty Biographies

 

34 Trooper James Daniel Duff

327 Trooper John Waddell

75 Trooper James Edwin Walker

508 Squadron Sergeant Major James Mitchell

 

Australian Prisoners of War Captured at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Australian POW's at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Tasmanian POWs at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Tasmanians at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Boer War – New South Wales Citizens Bushmans Contingent (NSWCBC)

 

Information regarding the operations and personnel within the New South Wales Citizens Bushmen’s Contingent.

 

Personnel

 

"Bushie" and Battye

26 Trooper Fergus Stewart Frater

29 Trooper Frederick William MARKS

30 Trooper Frank Lomas Davidson

34 Trooper James Daniel Duff

41 Trooper John Theodore Brunning

44 Trooper Thomas Sutton

45 Trooper Philip Dickinson

67 Corporal George Reginald McGuinness

71 Trooper Edward Christopher Anderson

72 Tpr David Lees

73 Trooper James Edmund Rowland CLARKE

75 Trooper James Edwin Walker

128 Trooper James Knox

143 Trooper Alfred Ernest Matthews

148 Sergeant Ernest G Foster

212 Trooper James Edward Bodkin

214 Trooper William Joseph Booth

327 Trooper John Waddell

427 Trooper Thomas Neville Gunter

485 Trooper Thomas Henry Walther

508 Squadron Sergeant Major James Mitchell

 

Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa

 

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 70

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 71

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 72

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 73

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 74

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 75

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 76

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 77

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 78

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 79

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 80

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 81

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 82

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 83

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 84

NSW Citizen's Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 84A

 

Boer War – New South Wales Imperial Bushmen (NSWIB)

 

Information regarding the operations and personnel within the New South Wales Imperial Bushmen.

 

Personnel

 

Bully Beef and Biscuits, the story of Jack Gunter

 

Letters

 

Letter 15 May 1900

Letter 18 May 1900

Letter 5 June 1900

Letter 22 June 1900

Letter 2 July 1900

Letter 25 July 1900

Letter, 11 August 1900.

Letter, 11 August 1900, page 2.

 

War Diary of the New South Wales Imperial Bushmen written by Major David Miller

 

NSWIB 24 June 1900

NSWIB 25 June 1900

NSWIB 26 June 1900 

NSWIB 27 June 1900

NSWIB 28 June 1900

NSWIB 29 June 1900

NSWIB 30 June 1900

NSWIB 1 July 1900

NSWIB 2 July 1900

NSWIB 1 July 1900

NSWIB 2 July 1900

NSWIB 3 July 1900

NSWIB 4 July 1900

NSWIB 5 July 1900

NSWIB 6 July 1900

NSWIB 7 July 1900

NSWIB 8 July 1900

NSWIB 9 July 1900

NSWIB 10 July 1900

NSWIB 11 July 1900

NSWIB 12 July 1900

NSWIB 13 July 1900

NSWIB 14 July 1900

NSWIB 15 July 1900

NSWIB 16 July 1900

NSWIB 17 July 1900

NSWIB 18 July 1900

NSWIB 19 July 1900

NSWIB 20 July 1900

NSWIB 21 July 1900

NSWIB 2 August 1900

NSWIB 3 August 1900

NSWIB 4 August 1900, page 1

NSWIB 4 August 1900, page 2

NSWIB 6 August 1900

NSWIB 7 August 1900

NSWIB 8 August 1900

NSWIB 9 August 1900

NSWIB 10 August 1900

NSWIB 14 August 1900

NSWIB 15 August 1900

NSWIB 16 August 1900

NSWIB 17 August 1900

NSWIB 18 August 1900

NSWIB 19 August 1900, page 1

NSWIB 20 August 1900, page 1 & 2

 

Lieutenant-Colonel P. L. Murray, Official Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa

 

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 85

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 86

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 87

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 88

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 89

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 91

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 92

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 90

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 93

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 94

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 95

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 96

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 97

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 98

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 99

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 100

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 101

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 102

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 103

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 104

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 105

NSW Imperial Bushmans Contingent, Murray, page 105A

 

The Report of the Battle at Elands River written by Major Tunbridge, 2nd Rhodesian Field Force, 18 August 1900

 

Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 18 August 1900, page 1

Report by Major Tunbridge about Elands River, 18 August 1900, page 2

Report page 1

Report page 2

Report page 2

Report page 3

Report page 4

Report page 5

Report page 6

Report page 7

Report on Casualties, page 8

 

Elands River, Map of Siege Area, 4 August 1900

 

Elands River Siege, 4 August 1900, Map

 

Report of Eland River Battle in the London Times, 13 August 1900, p. 3.

 

London Times, 13 August 1900, p. 3

 

Australian Prisoners of War Captured at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Australian POW's at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

The Imperial Bushmen and Bulawayo, 1900

 

The movement of the Imperial Bushmen to Bulawayo, 1900

Mafeking Day Victory Parade, Bulawayo, 23 May 1900

 

Boer War - Prisoners

 

This thread deals with the lives and actions in which prisoners were taken.

 

The Boer POW camp for captured British soldiers at Waterval outside Pretoria

 

British POW's at Waterval

 

Australian Prisoners of War Captured at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Australian POW's at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Boer War - Soldiers

 

This thread is a collection of different Australian soldiers who served in South Africa during the Boer War

 

New South Wales

 

NSWCBC

 

"Bushie" and Battye

26 Trooper Fergus Stewart Frater

29 Trooper Frederick William MARKS

30 Trooper Frank Lomas Davidson

34 Trooper James Daniel Duff

41 Trooper John Theodore Brunning

44 Trooper Thomas Sutton

45 Trooper Philip Dickinson

67 Corporal George Reginald McGuinness

71 Trooper Edward Christopher Anderson

72 Tpr David Lees

73 Trooper James Edmund Rowland CLARKE

75 Trooper James Edwin Walker

128 Trooper James Knox

143 Trooper Alfred Ernest Matthews

148 Sergeant Ernest G Foster

212 Trooper James Edward Bodkin

214 Trooper William Joseph Booth

327 Trooper John Waddell

427 Trooper Thomas Neville Gunter

485 Trooper Thomas Henry Walther

508 Squadron Sergeant Major James Mitchell

 

NSWIB

 

Bully Beef and Biscuits, the story of Jack Gunter

 

NSW Lancers

 

507 Trooper Frederick Avard

 

Queensland

 

2QMI

 

3 Pte Edmund Teasdale Johnson

 

South Australia

 

Tasmania

 

2TIB

 

Tasmanians at Elands River, 5 August 1900

 

Victoria

 

3VIB

 

535 Pte George William Bolding, 3rd Bushmen Contingent, Victoria

 

Western Australia

 

 

Cavalry - General

 

Throughout this blog, many technical terms are employed relating specifically to cavalry. To assist the reader, the regularly used terms are defined in this section.

 

Definitions – General

 

Cavalry Definitions

Regimental Scouts (see also: Australian Units - Brigade Scouts)

 

Egypt - Heliopolis

 

Heliopolis was the gathering point for many Australian Light Horse units and later on served as a major hospital base. This thread gives an impression of Heliopolis as it was seen by those soldiers.

 

Heliopolis

Square Dinkum Tuker!

 

Egypt - Mena

 

Mena Camp was the first assembly point for the Australian and New Zealand Soldiers. This thread gives an impression of Mena as it was seen by those soldiers.

 

The last tram to Mena

 

Emu Plumes

 

The legend of the Emu Plumes and the Australian Light Horse unravelled.

 

All Light Horsemen wore emu plumes

 

Gallipoli - August

 

Apart from the landings and the battles that immediately followed, the most dramatic part of the Gallipoli Campaign for the Australians was the August Offensive. This thread gives a hint to that from the perspective of the Light Horse.

 

Aerial Reconnaissance

 

Air reconnaissance over Lone Pine, 6 August 1915

Aerial Reconnaissance Report, 17 August 1915

 

Hill 60, Gallipoli

 

9th LHR personnel at Hill 60, 27 August 1915

The Nek and Hill 60 - The massacre of the Australians

 

War Diary Entries 3rd Light Horse Brigade – Hill 60, Gallipoli, August – September 1915

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 29 August 1915

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 2

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 3

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 4

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 5

 

Signals

 

Signals from 3rd LHB, 11 August 1915

Signals from 3rd LHB, 11 August 1915 - Part 2

Signals to 3rd LHB regarding 10th LHR attack 27 August 1915

 

Gallipoli - Evacuation

 

This section aims to deal with the problems and actions associated with the evacuation of Anzac by the Allies by 20 December 1915.

 

Medical plans for the evacuation of Gallipoli - 14 December 1915

 

Gallipoli - Hill 60

 

One of the final but very bloody actions during the August Offensive was the attack on Hill 60. This is the story told by many different forms of narrative, including signals, war diaries, personal diaries, maps and photographs.

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary Entries – Hill 60, Gallipoli, August – September 1915

 

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 29 August 1915

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 2

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 3

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 4

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary, 30 August 1915, part 5

 

17th Infantry Battalion War Diary Entries – Hill 60, Gallipoli, August – September 1915

 

17th Infantry Battalion, War Diary, August 1915

 

15th Infantry Battalion post action report – Hill 60, Gallipoli, 27 August 1915

 

Attack by 15th Australian Infantry Battalion, 27 August 1915

 

Signals

 

Signals to 3rd LHB regarding 10th LHR attack 27 August 1915

 

9th Light Horse Regiment Personnel

 

211 Trooper Andrew Powell Yeates, KIA Hill 60

Lieutenant Colonel Carew Reynell, KIA Hill 60

 

9th Light Horse Regiment Hill 60, Gallipoli History

 

9th LHR personnel at Hill 60, 27 August 1915

The Nek and Hill 60 - The massacre of the Australians

 

Hill 60 Photographs

 

Pictures illustrating Hill 60

 

Hill 60 Turkish Dispositions

 

Turkish Order of Battle, 27 August 1915

The Turkish View of Hill 60 - Kayacikagili (Bombatepe) Battle, 27 August 1915

 

Gallipoli - Nek

 

The fateful charge at the Nek by the 3rd Light Horse Brigade was a seminal moment in Australian history. It traumatised the Brigade for over a year and later on, became a symbol for all that was bad with the war with all its futility. The movie, Gallipoli, articulated all the feelings that Australians had for this event. Basically, it was a charge by the light horsemen into Turkish machine guns and rifles. The futility of the assault was the repetition of assaulting waves. After the first line was cut down, another two were ordered to charge and one left accidentally. The result was a massacre with many hundreds of men dying. This thread deals with the issues of that day.

 

The Nek - 7 August 1915 - Lest We Forget

Hughes asks for his son to be transferred, 8 August 1915

Colonel Hughes account of the Nek

The Nek and Hill 60 - The massacre of the Australians

Nek Killed in Action

The Nek - The massacre of the Turks

 

German Units – 605th Machine Gun Company (MGC)

 

The War Diary of the 605th Machine Gun Company from departure at Berlin on 27 March 1916 to the unit’s capture during the Battle of Romani, 5 August 1916.

 

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 29 to 31 March 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 1 to 3 April 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 3 to 7 April 1916 

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 7 April to 3 May 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 3 to 8 May 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 8 to 17 May 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 17 to 19 May 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 19 to 26 May 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 26 to 30 May 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 30 May to 1 June 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 1 to 4 June 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 5 to 16 June 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary - 16 to 24 June 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary, 24 June to 2 July 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary, 3 to 13 July 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary, 13 to 20 July 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary, 20 to 23 July 1916

605th Machine Gun Company War Diary, 23 to 27 July 1916

605th Machine Gun Company, 5 August 1916

 

Jordan Valley - Es Salt

 

The invasion of Moab occurred on two occasions and both turned into defeats with the Allied forces withdrawing leaving the citizens to their fate. Each failure brought retribution with public hangings amongst the people who remained behind. This thread looks at the unfolding actions that brought such a sad end to a promising beginning.

 

The Second Es Salt Raid - General Comments

Turkish trenches at Makhadet Hajlah ford by the Jordan River

 

Legend v Reality

 

One alarming feature regarding the Light Horse Story is the myths and legends that have crept in to replace the reality until the myth becomes the orthodox story told officially and unofficially. Most of it occurs when stories are accepted as fact and then used as a base by other stories until the sheer weight of cross referenced material gives the impression that the original story was true. Most of the time it is but on those occasions when it isn’t true, then it tends to impact greatly upon the legend with the legend being preferred and propagated accordingly. This thread looks at these legends.

 

Fleas on fleas -The results from careless work - a case study

Fleas on fleas - The results from careless work - another case study

Ion Idriess and the Beersheba Charge description

The legend of the female sniper at Gallipoli

The Love That Dare Not Speak Its Name

Anzac v ANZAC

 

Lest we forget but we did

 

There are times when good men and women have sacrificed themselves for Australia but their efforts have not been properly recognised. This thread deals with these stories as they come to hand.

 

981 Private George William Pearson

James Marshall

Leonard Pitchers

 

Militia – Light Horse Officers appointed as Area Officers from 1910-14

 

In 1910, a new position of Area Officer was established in the Militia. His essential role was to assist in the carrying out of the provisions of the Defence Act, within his area.

 

Area Officers who died at Gallipoli, 1915

Area Officers - Military Order 304 of 1910

Appointed Area Officers, November 1910 - Part 1

Appointed Area Officers, November 1910 - Part 2

 

Militia Structure in Australia from 1903 to 1914

 

The part played by the inter-war Militia Light Horse in creating the basic structure of the Australian Imperial Force Light Horse formations is understated in the histories dealing with the operations during the Great War. The period from the Boer War to the Great War saw remarkable changes in thinking about the nature of Australian defence and the role of the mounted infantry. This section aims to fill some of the gaps.

 

Australian Light Horse Regimental list for 1903

 

The coming of Federation brought a radical change in the Australian Militia structure. The 1903 re-organisation was the first step in Federalising the defence policy of Australia. Each Light Horse Regiment that was formed is detailed on the list below. Each page details the name of the Regiment with its motto, its precedents in the State’s militia, the Territorial Title, the catchment area of the Regiment in the specific state, the uniform adopted by the Regiment, and the first officer cadre of the Regiments as at 1 July 1903, although the list is current to 1 February 1904.

 

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 1st ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 2nd ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 3rd ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 4th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 5th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 6th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 7th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 8th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 9th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 10th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 11th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Tas, 12th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Qld, 13th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Qld, 14th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, Qld, 15th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, SA, 16th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, SA, 17th ALHR

1903 Reorganisation, WA, 18th ALHR

 

Militia Unit Locations in Australia in 1910

 

The reorganisation of 1903 was Australia wide and dealt with all formations and units. In every state new units were created from consolidating older formations or formed because of population availability. Each state had a complete range of military functions although the scale varied according to population size. This section is a state by state analysis of the militia with each town identified detailing its specific role within the defence system.

 

 

Town by Town, Australian Militia activity location list 1910

 

The following list is a compilation of all towns which were known to have some form or another of militia activity. It aims to be as comprehensive as possible. It is noticeable that there are quite a few towns within the list that no longer exist. Nanine in Western Australia is one example. A bustling gold mining town at the turn of the century, it is now a land mark with no trace whatsoever of its former past. Other towns have had name changes, especially the German names which were changed during the Great War. The towns that were on the periphery of major cities soon were absorbed and became just another suburb. The list has 1,527 entries, each indicating a discrete militia activity.

 

Australian Militia activity location list 1910

 

 

New South Wales

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

NSW Light Horse location list 1910

All other militia services

New South Wales Militia Unit Location, 1910

Rifle Clubs

NSW Rifle Clubs 1910

 

Victoria

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Victorian Light Horse location list 1910

All other militia services

Victorian Militia Unit Location, 1910

Rifle Clubs

Victorian Rifle Clubs 1910

 

Queensland

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Queensland Light Horse location list 1910

All other militia services

Queensland Militia Unit Location, 1910

Rifle Clubs

Queensland Rifle Clubs 1910

 

South Australia

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

South Australian Light Horse location list 1910

All other militia services

South Australia Militia Unit Location, 1910

Rifle Clubs

South Australian Rifle Clubs 1910

 

Western Australia

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Western Australian Light Horse location list 1910

All other militia services

Western Australian Militia Unit Location, 1910

Rifle Clubs

Western Australian Rifle Clubs 1910

 

Tasmania

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Tasmanian Light Horse location list 1910

All other militia services

Tasmania Militia Unit Location, 1910

Rifle Clubs

Tasmanian Rifle Clubs 1910

 

Militia Unit Locations in Australia in 1913

 

The reorganisation of 1912 was Australia wide and dealt with all formations and units. In every state new units were created from consolidating older formations or formed because of population availability. Each state had a complete range of military functions although the scale varied according to population size. This section is a state by state analysis of the militia with each town identified detailing its specific role within the defence system.

 

 

Town by Town, Australian Militia activity location list 1913

 

The following list is a compilation of all towns which were known to have some form or another of militia activity. It aims to be as comprehensive as possible. It is noticeable that there are quite a few towns within the list that no longer exist. Nanine in Western Australia is one example. A bustling gold mining town at the turn of the century, it is now a land mark with no trace whatsoever of its former past. Other towns have had name changes, especially the German names which were changed during the Great War. The towns that were on the periphery of major cities soon were absorbed and became just another suburb. The list has 1,772 entries, each indicating a discrete militia activity.

 

Militia Activities Removed by 1913

1912 Re-organisation of the Militia – Activity losses

 

Militia Activities List 1913

Australian Militia activity location list 1913

 

New South Wales

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

NSW Light Horse location list 1913

All other militia services

New South Wales Militia Unit Location, 1913

Rifle Clubs

NSW Rifle Clubs 1913

 

Victoria

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Victorian Light Horse location list 1913

All other militia services

Victoria Militia Unit Location, 1913

Rifle Clubs

Victorian Rifle Clubs 1913

 

Queensland

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Queensland Light Horse location list 1913

All other militia services

Queensland Militia Unit Location, 1913

Rifle Clubs

Queensland Rifle Clubs 1913

 

South Australia

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

South Australian Light Horse location list 1913

All other militia services

South Australia Militia Unit Location, 1913

Rifle Clubs

South Australian Rifle Clubs 1913

 

Western Australia

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Western Australian Light Horse location list 1913

All other militia services

Western Australia Militia Unit Location, 1913

Rifle Clubs

Western Australian Rifle Clubs 1913

 

Tasmania

 

Australian Light Horse Regiments

Tasmanian Light Horse location list 1913

All other militia services

Tasmania Militia Unit Location, 1913

Rifle Clubs

Tasmanian Rifle Clubs 1913

 

 

Australian Light Horse Regimental list for 1914

 

The 1912 re-organisation was a fundamental alteration in the defence policy of Australia in line with the Kitchener Report. Each Light Horse Regiment that was formed is detailed on the list below. Each page details the name of the Regiment with its motto, the Territorial Title, the history of the Regiment, and the officer cadre of the Regiment as at 1 January 1914 with a link to the National Archives of Australia service file for those who saw service during the Great War.

 

1st Light Horse, Qld

2nd Light Horse, Qld

3rd Light Horse, Qld

4th Light Horse, NSW

5th Light Horse, NSW

6th Light Horse, NSW

7th Light Horse, NSW

8th Light Horse (Vacant)

9th Light Horse, NSW

10th Light Horse (Vacant)

11th Light Horse, NSW

12th Light Horse (Vacant)

13th Light Horse, Vic

14th Light Horse (Vacant)

15th Light Horse, Vic

16th Light Horse, Vic

17th Light Horse, Vic

18th Light Horse (Vacant)

19th Light Horse, Vic

20th Light Horse, Vic

21st Light Horse (Vacant)

22nd Light Horse, SA

23rd Light Horse, SA

24th Light Horse, SA

25th Light Horse, WA

26th Light Horse, Tas

27th Light Horse, Qld

28th Light Horse, NSW

29th Light Horse, Vic

 

Australian Infantry Regimental list for 1914

 

1st Infantry Regiment (vacant)

2nd Infantry (Kennedy Regiment)

3rd (Port Curtis) Infantry

4th (Wide Bay) Infantry

5th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

6th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

7th Infantry (Moreton Regiment)

8th Infantry (Oxley Battalion)

9th (Logan and Albert) Infantry

10th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

11th Infantry (Darling Downs Regiment)

12th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

13th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

14th (Hunter River) Infantry

15th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

16th Infantry (Newcastle Regiment) raised 1912

17th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

18th (North Sydney) Infantry

19th (Kuring-Gai) Infantry raised 1913

20th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

21st (Woollahra) Infantry

22nd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

23rd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

24th Infantry (East Sydney Regiment)

25th Infantry (City of Sydney)

26th Infantry raised 1913

27th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

28th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

29th Infantry (Australian Rifles)

30th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

31st (Leichardt) Infantry

32nd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

33rd Infantry

34th Infantry raised 1913

35th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

36th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

37th (Illawarra) Infantry

38th Infantry raised 1913

39th Infantry

40th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

41st (Blue Mountains) Infantry

42nd (Lachlan Macquarie) Infantry

43rd (Werriwa) Infantry

44th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

Sydney University Scouts

45th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

46th Infantry (Brighton Rifles)

47th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

48th (Kooyong) Infantry

49th (Prahran) Infantry

50th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

51st (Albert Park) Infantry

52nd (Hobson's Bay) Infantry

53rd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

54th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

55th (Collingwood) Infantry

56th Infantry (Yarra Borderers)

57th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

58th Infantry (Essendon Rifles)

59th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

60th (Princes Hill) Infantry

61st Infantry Regiment (vacant)

62nd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

63rd Infantry (The East Melbourne Regiment)

64th Infantry (City of Melbourne Regiment)

65th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

66th (Mount Alexander) Infantry

67th (Bendigo) Infantry

68th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

69th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

70th Infantry (Ballarat Regiment)

71st (City of Ballarat) Infantry

72nd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

73rd Infantry (Victorian Rangers)

Melbourne University Rifles

74th (Boothby) Infantry

75th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

76th (Hindmarsh) Infantry

77th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

78th Infantry (Adelaide Rifles)

79th (Torrens) Infantry

80th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

81st (Wakefield) Infantry

82nd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

83rd Infantry Regiment (vacant)

84th Infantry (Goldfields Regiment)

85th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

86th Infantry (Western Australian Rifles)

87th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

88th (Perth) Infantry

89th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

90th Infantry Regiment (vacant)

91st Infantry (Tasmanian Rangers)

92nd (Launceston) Infantry

93rd (Derwent) Infantry

 

 

1st Military District – Queensland and Northern New South Wales

 

Light Horse structure 1903

 

1903 Reorganisation, Queensland

 

New Regiments

 

13th A.L.H.R. (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

1903 Reorganisation, Qld, 13th ALHR

14th A.L.H.R. (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

1903 Reorganisation, Qld, 14th ALHR

15th A.L.H.R. (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

1903 Reorganisation, Qld, 15th ALHR

 

Towns throughout Queensland with a Light Horse Troop, 1910

Queensland Light Horse location list 1910

 

Light Horse structure 1914

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 1st Military District, Part 1

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 1st Military District, Part 2

 

Individual Light Horse Regiments

 

1st (Central Queensland) Australian Light Horse Regiment

1st Light Horse

1st (Central Queensland) Light Horse members who served in the AIF

2nd (Queensland Mounted Infantry) Australian Light Horse Regiment

2nd Light Horse

2nd (Queensland Mounted Infantry) Light Horse members who served in the AIF

3rd (Darling Downs) Australian Light Horse Regiment

3rd Light Horse

3rd (Darling Downs) Light Horse members who served in the AIF

4th (New South Wales Northern Rivers Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

4th Light Horse

27th (North Queensland) Australian Light Horse Regiment

27th Light Horse

 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments

 

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14

 

1st Military District Staff Roster and Allocations

 

1st Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 1

1st Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 2

1st Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 3

 

1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 1st Military District, Part 2

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 1st Military District, Part 3

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 1st Military District, Part 4

 

2nd Military District – New South Wales

 

Light Horse structure 1903

 

1903 Reorganisation, New South Wales

 

New Regiments 1903

 

1st A.L.H.R. (New South Wales Lancers)

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 1st ALHR

2nd A.L.H.R. (New South Wales Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 2nd ALHR

3rd A.L.H.R. (Australian Horse)

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 3rd ALHR

4th A.L.H.R. (New South Wales Lancers)

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 4th ALHR

5th A.L.H.R. (New South Wales Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 5th ALHR

6th A.L.H.R. (Australian Horse)

1903 Reorganisation, NSW, 6th ALHR

 

Towns throughout New South Wales with a Light Horse Troop, 1910

NSW Light Horse location list 1910

 

Light Horse structure 1914

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 1

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 2

 

Individual Light Horse Regiments 1914

 

4th (New South Wales Northern Rivers Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

4th Light Horse

5th (New England Light Horse) Australian Light Horse Regiment

5th Light Horse

6th (Hunter River Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

6th Light Horse

7th (New South Wales Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

7th Light Horse

9th (New South Wales Mounted Rifles) Australian Light Horse Regiment

9th Light Horse

11th (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse Regiment

11th Light Horse

28th (Illawarra) Australian Light Horse Regiment

28th Light Horse

 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments

 

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14

 

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations 1914

 

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 1

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 2

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 3

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 4

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 5

 

1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 3

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 4

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 5

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 6

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 7

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 8

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 9

 

3rd Military District – Victoria

 

Light Horse structure 1903

 

1903 Reorganisation, Victoria

 

New Regiments 1903

 

7th A.L.H.R. (Victorian Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 7th ALHR

8th A.L.H.R. (Victorian Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 8th ALHR

9th A.L.H.R. (Victorian Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 9th ALHR

10th A.L.H.R. (Victorian Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 10th ALHR

11th A.L.H.R. (Victorian Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, Vic, 11th ALHR

 

Towns throughout Victoria with a Light Horse Troop, 1910

Victorian Light Horse location list 1910

 

Light Horse structure 1914

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 1

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 2

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 3

 

Individual Light Horse Regiments 1914

 

13th (Gippsland) Australian Light Horse Regiment

13th Light Horse

15th (Victorian Mounted Rifles) Australian Light Horse Regiment

15th Light Horse

16th (Indi) Australian Light Horse Regiment

16th Light Horse

17th (Campaspe Valley) Australian Light Horse Regiment

17th Light Horse

19th (Yarrowee) Australian Light Horse Regiment

19th Light Horse

20th (Corangamite) Australian Light Horse Regiment

20th Light Horse

29th (Port Phillip Horse) Australian Light Horse Regiment

29th Light Horse

Port Phillip Light Horse Officers, 1914

 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments

 

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14

 

3rd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations 1914

 

3rd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 1

3rd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 2

3rd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 3

3rd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 4

3rd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 5

 

1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 3

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 4

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 5

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 6

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 7

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 8

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 9

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 3rd Military District, Part 10

 

4th Military District – South Australia

 

Light Horse structure 1903

 

1903 Reorganisation, South Australia

 

New Regiments 1903

 

16th A.L.H.R. (South Australian Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, SA, 16th ALHR

17th A.L.H.R. (South Australian Mounted Rifles)

1903 Reorganisation, SA, 17th ALHR

 

Towns throughout South Australia with a Light Horse Troop, 1910

South Australian Light Horse location list 1910

 

Light Horse structure 1914

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 4th Military District

 

Individual Light Horse Regiments 1914

 

22nd (South Australian Mounted Rifles) Australian Light Horse Regiment

22nd Light Horse

22nd Australian Light Horse, HQ, MGS and "A" Sqn, 1912

22nd Australian Light Horse, "B" Sqn, 1912

22nd Australian Light Horse, "C" Sqn, 1912

23rd (Barossa) Australian Light Horse Regiment

23rd Light Horse

24th (Flinders) Australian Light Horse Regiment

24th Light Horse

 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments

 

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14

 

4th Military District Staff Roster and Allocations 1914

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 4th Military District, Part 4

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 4th Military District, Part 5

 

1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 4th Military District, Part 2

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 4th Military District, Part 3

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 4th Military District, Part 4

 

5th Military District – Western Australia

 

Light Horse structure 1903

 

1903 Reorganisation, Western Australia

 

New Regiments 1903

 

18th A.L.H.R. (Western Australian Mounted Infantry)

1903 Reorganisation, WA, 18th ALHR

 

Towns throughout Western Australia with a Light Horse Troop, 1910

Western Australian Light Horse location list 1910

 

Light Horse structure 1914

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 5th Military District, Part 1

 

Individual Light Horse Regiments 1914

 

25th (Western Australian Mounted infantry) Australian Light Horse Regiment

25th Light Horse

25th Light Horse - Officers and Men, 1914

 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments

 

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14

 

5th Military District Staff Roster and Allocations 1914

 

5th Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 1

5th Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 2

 

1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 5th Military District, Part 1

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 5th Military District, Part 2

87th Battalion, B Area, 1914

 

6th Military District - Tasmania

 

Light Horse structure 1903

 

1903 Reorganisation, Tasmania

 

New Regiments 1903

 

12th A.L.H.R. (Tasmanian Mounted Infantry)

1903 Reorganisation, Tas, 12th ALHR

 

Towns throughout Tasmania with a Light Horse Troop, 1910

Tasmanian Light Horse location list 1910

 

Light Horse structure 1914

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 6th Military District, Part 1

 

Individual Light Horse Regiments 1914

 

26th (Tasmanian Mounted Infantry) Australian Light Horse Regiment

26th Light Horse

 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments

 

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14

 

6th Military District Staff Roster and Allocations 1914

 

6th Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 1

6th Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 2

 

1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution

 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 6th Military District, Part 1

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 6th Military District, Part 2

 

 

Militia - Military Orders

 

When Military Orders were issued, they appeared in the Commonwealth Government Gazette. However, it was quickly recognised that this was a cumbersome manner in dealing with specific military orders and thus the orders were collected and published within a single volume on an annual basis commencing from 1905. The annual Military Order volumes provide historians with a wealth of detail about the structure of the Militia and the methodology of undertaking its functions. In addition, the various manuals that were utilised in training were also published through this source enabling one to keep abreast of the contemporary military thought. This thread utilises some of these entries to demonstrate the material available despite it being presented in a drab format.

 

Military Order 7, Rifle Club Capital Works Funding, 1907

Military Order 44, Examination Results for Appointments of Adjutants, 1907

Military Order 151, Syllabus for Officer Training, 1907

Military Order 57, Regiments to be called Battalions, 1908

Military Order 108, School Cadet Units, South Australia, 1908.

Military Order 157, Examination Results from the School of Musketry, Hythe, 1909

Military Order 9, Rifle Club Construction Works, 1910

Military Order 75, School Cadet Appointments and changes, 1910

Military Order 209, Twinning Regiments, 1910

Military Order 2, Changes in Militia Structure, 1911

Military Order 5, Instructional Staff Transfers, 1911

Military Order 349, Two Promotions for the 16th ALHR, 1911

 

Militia – Miscellaneous Entries

 

Various subjects and topics too small in number and diverse in nature to catalogue under its own thread.

 

NZ man 33754 Pte James McVINNIE

South Australian Militia Pay Rates, August 1901

 

Militia - Rifle Clubs

 

One of the secondary props of the Militia system was the quasi Militia Rifle Clubs. Although these were funded by the Department of Defence with rifle ranges, rifles and ammunition, and the men who were members wore uniforms and were drilled, they were not part of the Militia. These clubs were formed reservoirs of semi trained men who resided in sparsely populated areas where it was impossible to build a formal Militia structure. So they filled this intermediary role which became an important element in providing a recruiting structure for the AIF.

 

Fargher - Hints on Rifle Shooting

 

At the beginning of the new century, the well known and top Australian rifle shooter, P. Fargher of the Melbourne Rifle Club wrote the book called Hints on Rifle Shooting, published by Sands and Mcdougal in Melbourne. The text deals with all the problems people found with the commonly available service rifles employed in the first decade and beyond within the Australian military forces.

 

Fargher - Hints on Rifle Shooting, Part 1

Fargher - Hints on Rifle Shooting, Part 2

Fargher - Hints on Rifle Shooting, Part 3

Fargher - Hints on Rifle Shooting, Part 4

 

Procedures for accessing funds to build or repair a Rifle Range

Rifle Club Construction Works - 1910 Military Order No. 9, p. 18

 

The Rifle Club Movement: A DISTINCT FACTOR IN THE DEFENCE PROBLEM by J. B. CAMPBELL

 

This interesting essay called The Rifle Club Movement: A DISTINCT FACTOR IN THE DEFENCE PROBLEM by J. B. CAMPBELL (Captain of the Richmond Rifle Club) was read at a Special Meeting of the Council of the Metropolitan Rifle Clubs Association, held on 16 March 1909. It is a reflection on the past and the future of Rifle Clubs in Australia.

The Rifle Club Movement: A DISTINCT FACTOR IN THE DEFENCE PROBLEM.

 

Question 11 on the AIF Attestation Paper

Rifle Clubs

 

Rifle Clubs in Australia, 1910

NSW Rifle Clubs 1910

Queensland Rifle Clubs 1910

South Australian Rifle Clubs 1910

Tasmanian Rifle Clubs 1910

Victorian Rifle Clubs 1910

Western Australian Rifle Clubs 1910

 

Rifle Clubs in Australia, 1913

NSW Rifle Clubs 1913

 

 

 

Palestine - Beersheba

 

The taking of the wells at Beersheba on 31 October 1917 formed the single most thrilling image from the Great War. The Charge of the Light Horse is the lingering memory. Many legends have arisen about the Charge which have become embedded within the national story and now seem to have replaced the facts, both officially and unofficially. These legends are addressed. The Battle of Beersheba was not only the famous charge but many other actions all of which culminated in the victory.

 

Accounts of the Beersheba battle

 

The accounts in this section include only those from eye witnesses or authors who were able to report on the events because of their unique ability to access the characters involved in the event. Later secondary sources, of which there are many volumes written, are excluded from this list.

 

Australian Unit Histories

 

1st ALHR AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

1st Australian Armoured Car Section - Beersheba

1st Australian Signal Troop, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

2nd ALHR AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

2nd FSE, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

2nd Australian Signal Troop, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

3rd ALHR AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

3rd LH Bde, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

3rd LHFA, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

3rd LHMGS, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

4th LH Bde, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

4th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

5th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

6th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

7th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

8th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

8th Sanitary Section, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

9th ALHR AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

9th Mobile Veterinary Section, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

10th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

11th LHR, AIF account about the fall of Beersheba

12th LHR, AIF MSS 38 account about the fall of Beersheba

ICC account about the fall of Beersheba

 

British Unit Histories

 

20th Machine Gun Squadron account about the fall of Beersheba

Fife and Forfar Yeomanry account about the fall of Beersheba

 

New Zealand Unit Histories

 

AMR, NZMRB account about the fall of Beersheba

CMR, NZMRB account about the fall of Beersheba

WMR, NZMRB account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Official War Histories

 

British Infantry account about the fall of Beersheba

British Official War History account about the fall of Beersheba

Gullett [Official Australian War History] account about the fall of Beersheba

New Zealand Official History account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Australian Analytical Accounts

 

Foster account about the fall of Beersheba

Keogh account about the fall of Beersheba

 

British Analytical Accounts

 

Kearsey account about the fall of Beersheba

 

British General Accounts

 

Massey account about the fall of Beersheba

Lock account about the fall of Beersheba

 

German Accounts

 

Kress's account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Newspaper Accounts

 

Massey Times account about the fall of Beersheba

Sydney Mail account about the fall of Beersheba

 

War Diary accounts of the Beersheba battle

 

1st ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

2nd ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

3rd ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

5th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

5th Mounted Brigade, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

6th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

7th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

8th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

9th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

10th ALHR, AIF, War Diary, account about the fall of Beersheba

 

Orders issued regarding the impending Beersheba battle

 

4th LH Bde, AIF, Operation Order No. 37

 

Personal Diary accounts of the Beersheba battle

 

Auchterlonie [8th LHR] account about the fall of Beersheba

Fowler [12th LHR] account about the fall of Beersheba

Idriess and his Beersheba Charge description

 

Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, Yildirim

 

Part II Chapter III - Events during October in Palestine

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 96

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 97

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 98

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 99

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 100

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 101

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 102

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 103

Part III Chapter I - The Battle of Beersheba, 31 October 1917.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 104

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 105

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 106

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 107

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 108

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 109

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 110

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 111

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 112

Hüsnü’s observations and critiques on the Ottoman conduct of the capture of Beersheba, 31 October 1917.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 113

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 114

 

 

Karm and surrounding supply stations

 

Karm, 25 October 1917

Tractor Park at El Gamli

Tractor Testing at El Gamli

Well at Khalasa

 

Train Timetable for October 1917

 

Desert Mounted Corps Operational Orders - Train Timetable

 

The Charge

 

"Put Grant straight at it."

Pictures (taken 2006) of the route taken by the 4th LHB charge at Beersheba

Hand drawn map of the 4th LHB prior to charging into Beersheba, 31 October 1917

Official map of the Beersheba Charge

Colonel Cameron, 12th LHR, letter to Dr Bean

FAMOUS CHARGE BY 4TH AUSTRALIAN LIGHT HORSE BRIGADE by Vivian Sharpe

 

The alleged Elliott photograph examined

 

9th LHR On Manoeuvres

9th LHR On Manoeuvres, Part 2

Fleas on fleas -The results from careless work - a case study

 

Ottoman Dispositions

 

Turkish map detailing troop dispositions and the battle at Beersheba

Turkish intelligence assessment of projected Allied attacks, August 1917

 

Palestine – The Battle of El Buqqar (Buggar) Ridge, 27 October 1917

 

The Battle of El Buqqar (Buggar) Ridge was the opening battle in the operations known as the Third Battle of Gaza. It was the only battle in which a Victoria Cross was won during this offensive. This unknown battle has left its legacy in various places, especially the “Lafone Cup” in London. The seeds were sown when the eastern night outpost line was made permanent on 25 October 1917. In the morning of 27 October, a Turkish Cavalry Division and an infantry battalion attacked and over ran parts of the line thinly held by the London Yeomanry. The battle lasted all day and eventually the Ottoman troops were evicted.

 

91st Anniversary

Hill 720, El Buqqar Ridge Maps

Cyril Falls - Official British War History account of El Buqqar, 27 October 1917

W.T. Massey, How Jerusalem was Won

9th LHR description of the operations at El Buqqar Ridge, 27 October 1917

S. F. Hatton, The Yarn of a Yeoman, El Buqqar, 27 October 1917

Turkish account of El Buqqar Ridge, 27 October 1917

Major Alexander Malius Lafone Victoria Cross Citation

El Buqqar Casualty Discrepancies

 

Parks – Ataturk Memorial Gardens, Canberra

 

In a remarkable tribute to forge a reconciliation between two peoples, who quite by accident, fought against each other. To celebrate our shared position in the world and to put any residual enmity to rest, in 1985, 70 years after the Gallipoli expedition, Ataturk Park was opened.

 

Ataturk Memorial Garden, Canberra

Ataturk Memorial Garden, Canberra, Part 2

Ataturk Memorial Garden, Canberra, Part 3

Ataturk Memorial Garden, Canberra, Part 4

 

Personal Biographies

 

This thread holds biographies that are interesting but cannot be placed under the conventional thread headers.

 

1547 Driver Charles Burns

3664 Cpl George Paul, one of the oldest men in the AIF

Rouget's story with the 13th Light Horse Regiment

The peculiar case of Arthur Carrington Smedley

35878 Gunner Randolph "Randy" Lycett

 

Propaganda

 

This thread aims to discuss the various manifestations of propaganda during the Boer War and Great War.

 

Boer War

 

Australian Boer War Propaganda, Punch, 9 January 1902

 

Women in Propaganda

 

The use of women in Australian enlistment propaganda

 

British Propaganda for use against the Turkish forces

 

Using Turkish Troops for Propaganda Purposes

Using Turkish Troops for Propaganda Purposes 2

British Propaganda dropped over Turkish lines late 1917

 

Schramm Diary

 

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, 2823 Private Herbert Leslie Schramm, a farmer from White's River, near Tumby Bay on the Eyre Peninsular, kept a diary of his life during his service with “B” Troop, “A” Squadron, 9th Light Horse .

 

Military Biography

 

2823 Private Herbert Leslie Schramm

 

Diary

May 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 28 May 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 29 May 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 30 May 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 31 May 1918

 

June 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 1 June 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 June 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 3 June 1918

 

September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 11 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 12 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 13 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 14 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 15 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 16 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 17 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 18 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 19 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 20 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 21 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 22 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 23 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 24 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 25 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 26 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 27 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 28 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 29 September 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 30 September 1918

October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 1 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 3 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 4 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 5 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 6 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 7 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 8 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 9 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 10 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 11 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 12 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 13 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 14 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 15 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 16 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 17 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 18 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 19 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 20 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 21 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 22 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 23 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 24 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 25 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 26 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 27 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 28 October 1918

Bert Schramm's Diary, 29 October 1918

 

Signals – 3rd Light Horse Brigade (3rd LHB)

 

One of the most complete set of Light Horse unit signals at Gallipoli belongs to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade. Signals provide a window into the unvarnished form of history. These are the comments made by people who had important needs that required immediate attention. As such, they tell a story about a campaign that existed before the occurrence of the newspaper reports leading to the Official Histories and all the other works that followed. Since they do not originate in a vacuum, it is the immediacy of the signal in a dense communication transfer that gives it a unique currency.

 

Signals

 

Signal, 25 April 1915, 8th LHR, Supply & Heliopolis

Signal, 26 April 1915, 8th LHR, Supply & Heliopolis

Signal, 7 May 1915, MGS, Condensers, Page 1

Signal, 7 May 1915, MGS, Movement to Gallipoli

7 May 1915, MGS, Movement to Gallipoli, Page 2

3rd LHB, 25 May 1915, Gallipoli, Signal 1

3rd LHB, 25 May 1915, Gallipoli, Signal 2

3rd LHB, 25 May 1915, Gallipoli, Signal 3

3rd LHB, 26 May 1915, Gallipoli, Signal 1

3rd LHB, 27 May 1915, Gallipoli, Signal 1

3rd LHB, 30 May 1915, Gallipoli, Signal 1

3rd LHB, 30 May 1915, Gallipoli, Signal 2

Gallipoli Signal No. 1, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 2, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 3, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 4, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 5, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 6, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 7, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 8, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 9, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 10, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 11, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 12, 1 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 1, 3 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 2, 3 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 3, 3 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 4, 3 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 5, 3 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 1, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 2, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 3, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 4, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 5, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 6, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 7, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 8, 29 June 1915

Gallipoli Signal No. 9, 29 June 1915

Hughes asks for his son to be transferred, 8 August 1915

Signals from 3rd LHB, 11 August 1915

Signals from 3rd LHB, 11 August 1915 - Part 2

Signals to 3rd LHB regarding 10th LHR attack 27 August 1915

3rd LHB Signals about Ammunition, 1 November 1915

 

Sinai – The Battle of Magdhaba, 23 December 1916

 

The Battle of Magdhaba was the first occasion when the Australian and New Zealand mounted forces undertook a battle as an independent formation. The achievement gave the forces confidence to undertake other successful actions.

 

Maps

 

Comparison of Maps - Australia, Britain and Turkey

Mapping the 3rd LHR attack at Magdhaba - 23 December 1916

Mapping the Magdhaba Redoubts - 22 December 1916

 

Accounts of the Battle

 

The Battle of Magdhaba by Steve Becker

With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War - Magdhaba

Olden and the 10th LHR Account - Magdhaba

3rd Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Magdhaba

8th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 23 December 1916

George Auchterlonie's account of Magdhaba

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, 23 December 1916

El Arish and El Magdhaba with the 9th Light Horse Regiment

 

Sinai – The Battle of Romani, 4 – 9 August 1916

 

The Battle of Romani was the first major engagement after Gallipoli which involved the Light Horse working as a mounted formation.

 

Pictures

Encampment near Romani, August 1916

 

Maps

1:125,000 map of Romani area

1:40,000 map of Mt Meredith area

1:40,000 map of Mt Royston area

1:40,000 map of Dueidar, Hassaia and Nuss area

1:40,000 map of Bir el Abd area

Official British War History map of Romani, 4 August 1916

1st ALHR AIF account map

1:250,000 German map of Romani area

 

Accounts

Official War History Accounts

Gullett Australian Official History account about Katia

Gullett Australian Official History account about Romani

Powles New Zealand Official History account about Romani

 

 

Australian Unit Histories

1st ALHR AIF account about Romani

 

New Zealand Unit Histories

AMR, NZMRB account about Romani

CMR, NZMRB account about Romani

WMR, NZMRB account about Romani

 

Newspaper Accounts

New York Times account of Romani, 6 August 1916

 

 

Society - Query Club

 

The large scale of the Great War often gave people a sense of alienation from the activities of the government and the army. To overcome this, newspapers of the day commenced columns called Query Club or similar names, where ordinary people could clarify their understanding of the complex processes.

 

Query Club, 20 January 1915

 

Society - Soldiers

 

Various subjects and topics too small in number and diverse in nature to catalogue under its own thread.

 

Maud Butler

Kaiser Kalendar for 1915

The Beast of Berlin

Soldier's Housewife - the "Hussif"

What's on at the movies? December 1917 Movie Ads.

William Willis Snr and William Willis Jr

Dick Ponsonby from Tamworth

A cautionary tale

 

Spies

 

All wars have their spies. The Great War was no different.

 

Maurice Guillaux

 

States – New South Wales (NSW)

 

Items of social interest from New South Wales

 

 

 

States - Queensland

 

Items of social interest from Queensland.

 

The Advertising Ball, Brisbane, September 1900

Farewells in Queensland, Kingaroy, 1914

Longreach Rifle Club Parade, September 1914

Longreach, 1914

Mackay August 1914

Rockhampton, August 1914

Embarkation to Enoggera, Townsville, 1914

Embarkation to Enoggera from Townsville, September 1914

1st Garrison Battery, Townsville, August 1914

North Queensland

 

States - South Australia

 

Items of social interest from South Australia.

 

War? What war? The Critic, 5 August 1914

The Adelaide Critic, 1914

Mount Gambier Fallen Soldier's Memorial Ceremony, 13 September 1914

Mount Gambier Fallen Soldier's Memorial

The Critic, 5 May 1915

Kadina Day, 24 July 1915

Eyre Peninsular men serving in the AIF, February 1916

Critical Humour - 1916

 

States - Tasmania

 

Items of social interest from Tasmania.

 

Brighton and Pontville, Tasmania

Infantry parading at Pontville

"Fall in", 93rd Derwent Infantry Regiment

Brighton and Pontville Camps, Tasmania

 

States - Victoria

 

Items of social interest from Victoria.

 

March Past, Melbourne, 24 September 1914

Broadmeadows 1909

Broadmeadows Camp, Inducting Recruits, September 1914

Port Phillip Light Horse

 

States - West Australia

 

Items of social interest from Western Australia

 

SUN & SURF

A DAY AT THE RACES

Helena Valley Camp, August 1914

Blackboy Hill Camp, September 1914

The Fremantle "Silver Chain" Ball, September 1914

Changing the Guard - 86th Infantry Regiment

87th Battalion, B Area, 1914

 

Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, Yildirim, Genelkurmay Basim Evi, Ankara 2002

 

The book written by Hüsnü is one of the single most important first hand Turkish accounts of the last year of the Sinai and Palestine campaign. Hüsnü was in a position to observe all the players within the Turkish and German staffs and was also one of those players himself. Key amongst his description is his account of the Battle of Beersheba, 31 October 1917. He provides a comprehensive account from the Turkish side of the battle. This book was originally published in 1922 while the Turkish civil war was still raging. Later, the Turkish General Staff republished the book at Ankara in 2002 although that version is in Turkish. To make this invaluable resource available to the English speaking audience, it is being added to the blog, albeit on a page by page basis.

 

Preface, Contents, Illustrations and Maps

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Preface

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 3

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 4

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 5

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 6

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 7

Part I Chapter I

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 8

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 9

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 10

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 11

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 12

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 13

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 14

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 15

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 16

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 17

Part I Chapter II

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 18

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 19

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 20

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 21

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 22

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 23

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 24

Part I Chapter III

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 25

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 26

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 27

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 28

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 29

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 30

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 31

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 32

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 33

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 34

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 35

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 36

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 37

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 38

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 39

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 40

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 41

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 42

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 43

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 44

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 45

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 46

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 47

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 48

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 49

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 50

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 51

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 52

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 53

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 54

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 55

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 56

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 57

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 58

Part I Chapter IV

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 59

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 60

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 61

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 62

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 63

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 64

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 65

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 66

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 67

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 68

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 69

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 70

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 71

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 72

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 73

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 74

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 75

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 76

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, The Kemal Letter, Page 77

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, The Kemal Letter Page 78

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, The Kemal Letter Page 79

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, The Kemal Letter Page 80

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, The Kemal Letter Page 81

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 82

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 83

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 84

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 85

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 86

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 87

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 88

Part I Chapter V - Events in Iraq at the end of September

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 89

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 90

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 91

Part II Chapter I - Towards Palestine

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 92

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 93

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 94

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 95

Part II Chapter III - Events during October in Palestine

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 96

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 97

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 98

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 99

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 100

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 101

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 102

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 103

Part III Chapter I - The Battle of Beersheba, 31 October 1917.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 104

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 105

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 106

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 107

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 108

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 109

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 110

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 111

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 112

Hüsnü’s observations and critiques on the Ottoman conduct of the capture of Beersheba, 31 October 1917.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 113

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 114

 

Turkish Units – 1st Battalion 33rd Infantry Regiment (1/33 IR) Diary, April 1915

 

This diary came into the hands of the defending Australian soldiers at Gallipoli. It gives an extraordinary insight into the actions of the Turkish forces in their efforts to repel the Anzac invasion.

 

Personnel

 

Officers commanding in the 33rd Infantry Regiment

1/33rd IR Roll of Honour, April 1915

 

The Diary

 

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 2

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 3

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 4

Turkish OC of 1/33 IR diary up until his death, 30 April 1915, Part 5

 

Maps

 

Map detailing the placement of 1/33 IR, 25 April 1915

Map detailing the placement of 1/33 IR, 25 April 1915 - Part 2

Map of attack at Anzac involving 33rd IR, 27 April 1915

The situation at Anzac, 1 May 1915

 

The treatment of Turkish POWs by the Allies

 

This thread looks at the conditions and life of the Turkish POWs.

 

Turkish Prisoners in Egypt - Heliopolis Camp

 

Weapons – The Hotchkiss Gun

 

The Hotchkiss Gun was introduced in the Light Horse formations during the early months of 1917. The introduction of this robust and portable gun gave the Light Horse Regiments additional mobile fire power which considerably added to their ability to sustain light combat situations and defend against vastly numerically superior forces. Apart from being an excellent weapon, it was in much demand by the Turkish forces who considered the capture of a Hotchkiss Gun well worth any risks involved in the process. An understanding of the Australian Light Horse tactics of 1917 and 1918 requires a familiarity with the workings of this weapon.

 

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook

 

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Summary Page

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Cover Page

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Plate 1

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Plate 2

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Plate 3

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Plate 4

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 11

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 13

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 14

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 15

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 16

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 17

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 18

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 19

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 20

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 21

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 22

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 23

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 24

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 25

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 26

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 27

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 28

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 29

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 31

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 33

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 34

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 35

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 36

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 37

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 38

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 39

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 40

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 41

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 42

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 43 Plate 5

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 47 Plate 7

 

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry

 

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Cover

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 3

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 4

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 5

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 6

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 7

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 8

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 9

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 10

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 11

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 12

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 13

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 14

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 15

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 16

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 17

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Page 18

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 1

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 2

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 3

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 4

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 5

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 6

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 7

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 8

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Pack for Cavalry - Plate 9

 

Western Frontier Force

 

The Senussi Rebellion took place in the Western Desert of Egypt towards the end of 1915. Allied attention was focused upon Gallipoli so the action in this region remains quite forgotten. Because of Gallipoli, only scratch forces were available. The Australian Light Horse Regiment Training Centres and Detail Depots were asked to provide troops and horses. Through the issue of swords and rifle buckets, this was the first occasion the Australian Light Horse rode out as proper cavalry rather than mounted infantry, although this was not repeated again till 1918.

 

Australian troop commitment to the Western Frontier Force

1st Battalion New Zealand Rifle Brigade, report of action at Bir Shola, 23 January 1916.

The History of the Composite Australian Light Horse Regiment – Steve Becker

Senussi Rebellion and the 9th LHR – Bill Woerlee

Sydney Mail Pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Progress so far.

 

Page still under construction