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Thursday, 25 September 2008
9th LHR AIF War Diary, September 25
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 25 September

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Friday, September 25, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.



Saturday, September 25, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Hill

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 2200 No 595 Sergeant Wilson W of D Squadron [late 11th Light Horse Regiment] went out alone into the ravine in front of fisher's Sap to watch for a Turk patrol that passes down the bed of the creek. He waited for an hour and heard a patrol approaching along the bed of the creek. Just then he heard a noise on one side and got up from the $$ Turks one of whom fired and shot him in the leg. The Turks rushed at him and he shot one through the body who fell across the rifle of his companion. Sergeant Wilson the bayoneted the other one. The patrol in the bed of the creek of about six men had approached by this time so Sergeant Wilson threw two bombs [percussion] amongst them and four men were seen to fall. He then made his way back towards Fisher's Sap and whistled to his companions who were about 150 yards away. Privates Belcher and Tomkins of “C” Squadron went out and helped Sergeant Wilson back into the trench. I examined these men next morning and they both stated that they heard two rifle shots and then heard a few minutes afterwards two bombs explode. They heard men calling out an groaning afterwards. These men brought me Wilson's bayonet which was covered with blood to the hilt. These men were from a different Squadron to Wilson and were strangers to him so there is no suggestion of any statement of theirs being made to bolster up his report to his Troop Officer Lieutenant Bryant. From what is known of Sergeant Wilson's character, I believe his statement to be genuine and have sent on a report to the Brigadier commending his bravery.



Monday, September 25, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Hod Amara
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Lieutenant Linacre, FJ, evacuated sick.

Routine work. About 1 hours rifle exercise and marching done in morning. Lewis Gun teams on firing practice.



Tuesday, September 25, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Um Urgan
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Stood to arms at 0430.
Siekmann, Major TA; and, 17 Other Ranks returned from Port Said Rest Camp.



Wednesday, September 25, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - El Affule
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 1000 Orders received to be in readiness to turn out in 1/2 an hour notice to advance on Tiberias and attack that place at dawn on 26th September 1918. 8th Light Horse Regiment sent forward “A” Squadron to Tiberias to make a vigorous reconnaissance. 9th Light Horse Regiment guards and picquets were to be relieved by “A” Squadron of 5th Light Horse Brigade at 1430, but the relief didn't arrive until 1630.
1700 The Brigade moved. The Regiment, owing to guards not being relieved, was unable to move until 1845, several of the guards joining the regiment en route.
2030 Passed through Nazareth and continued on at a brisk walk observing ten minutes halt in every hour until Kefr Kenna [Canna of Galilee] was reached at 2330. Rejoined the Brigade here and moved off at 2400 for Tiberias.
Through and just beyond the village of Kefr Kenna the main road was enclosed on either side by hedges and here a great deal of unnecessary congestion was caused through transport wagons and Royal Horse Artillery not observing the Rule of the Road and also halting in awkward placed. This caused the regiment to lose touch with remainder of Brigade for a distance of two or three miles and necessitating much hard riding and passing wheeled transport to recover the lost ground.
3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - “A” Squadron of the 8th Light Horse Regiment, [MacPherson, Major LAW, MC], left Nazareth at 0500 and moved in reconnoitre Tiberias. A transmitting station from the Brigade Signal Troop, with an escort of one troop of the 10th Light Horse Regiment, [Gollan, Lieutenant AB], was at the same time despatched to Mount Tabor, eight miles north - east of El Affule. This hill - 1,843ft. in height - is the most commanding point in the whole district and through it touch could be kept with any patrol. The squadron lost visual touch with its Regimental Headquarters at Nazareth very shortly after leaving that place. A motor cyclist was attached to the squadron for carrying dispatches. Tiberias is about 18 miles north - east of Nazareth, on the western shore of the lake of Tiberias, and about six miles north from Semakh, on the extreme southern end of the lake. The main road from Semakh to Damascus runs up the western side of the lake and through Tiberias. The 4th Light Horse Brigade was to attack Samakh at daylight on the 25th September 1918 and advance up the western side of the lake. At 0900 the squadron reached Lubieh, and communications were established with the Brigade transmitting station on Mount Tabor by heliograph. From this point the country was more difficult, and the heights and roads on the left flank had to be picquetted, as it was known that the enemy had considerable forces in the vicinity of Safed. The light armoured motor battery reported to the squadron at Kurn Hattin. The patrols were approaching Hajaret En Nusara, and no resistance had been met with. When the enemy had discovered the presence of our troops on Hajaret En Nusara, which overlooks the town and is about 1,500 feet above - sea level patrols were sent by them to try and ascertain our strength. These patrols were soon cut off by our mounted men and captured, and as all natives were prevented from entering the town, the Turks had no information as to the number of our troops in that locality. One troop under Stubbs, Lieutenant JN, with Hotchkiss Rifle, was sent to point Z8 central, [on the beach, two miles north - west of Tiberias], to prevent the escaping enemy using the main road leading north along the lake. Forward patrols and the armoured cars fired upon machine guns, [known to be six], from a point just north of the town.
Two Non Commissioned Officer prisoners reported 200 Turks, 50 Germans and 13 machine guns were holding the place. About 150 Turks, three motor cars, two motor lorries, and a number of horse drawn transports could be seen from Hajaret En Nusara retiring along the beach road. They were fired on by our troops in Z8 central and all retired to Tiberias, motor cars and lorries being abandoned along the road. At 1130 “A” Squadron from the 4th Light Horse Brigade reached El Menaru south of Tiberias, and the Officer in Command thereof reported to MacPherson, Major LAW. He made arrangements to attack the town at 1400. The 4th Light Horse Brigade squadron advanced mounted from the south west, one troop of the 8th Light Horse Regiment along the sea shore from the north west, a second troop of the 8th Light Horse Regiment was sent from the west with orders to make good the gun position, 500 yards north of the town. The four armoured cars advanced along the main road. Slight resistance was met with from the gun position which was charged by a troop of the 8th Light Horse Regiment with drawn swords. The enemy abandoned their weapons and fled in disorder over the rocks on to the beach and into the town. No further resistance was offered and 8th Light Horse Regiment troops at 1500 galloped on and entered the town from the north simultaneously with, the 4th Light Horse Brigade squadron from the south and the armoured - cars from the west. Large quantities of military stores, motorcars, motor lorries, transport and machinery were captured, also 175 Turkish and 25 German prisoners. The signalling station on Mount Tabor was particularly useful. When the squadron first arrived at Tiberias, it at once reported the situation. This was passed on to Division who then instructed the Brigade to move that evening and attack Tiberias in the morning. Brigade at once signalled MacPherson, Major LAW, to remain in close touch with the enemy as Brigade would be there by the morning. Seeing his opportunity, however, that Officer captured the town with the assistance of the squadron from the 4th Light Horse Brigade, and at once flashed Brigade the result.
Ai 1700 the 3rd Brigade marched off for Tiberias, one squadron of the 10th Light Horse Regiment was away escorting prisoners to El Lejjun and the relief of the 9th Light Horse Regiment at El Affule had not yet been completed. Instructions were left for these units to follow on. Brigade arrived at a point two miles west of Tiberias at 0500, and bivouacked. Our left flankers passed over the battlefield of Hattin, where, in 1187, Saladin exterminated the large Crusader army under King Guy, which was endeavouring to relieve Tiberias. The 19th Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery joined the column at Kefr Kenna, and one troop, 10th Light Horse Regiment, which had been escort to visual transmitting station on Mount Tabor, [keeping touch with reconnoitring squadron at Tiberias], joined at Lubieh. At 1015 the Brigade moved to a bivouac at El Mejdel, on the western edge of the Sea of Galilee. Horses and men bathed in the sea, and were thus much refreshed after the night's long march. Two squadrons of the 8th Light Horse Regiment were employed to restore order and guard stores in Tiberias. A reconnaissance of two troops of the 8th Light Horse Regiment was pushed along the coast to the village of Tabghah. This place was found all clear and the inhabitants were friendly. They provided plentiful good forage for horses and refreshments for men. One squadron 9th Light Horse Regiment left at 1230 to reconnoitre Safed where a considerable force of the enemy had been reported. They reached this point at 1800 and reported all clear. These reconnoitring parties remained out during the night, the squadron at Safed, withdrawing to the main road near the Jewish village of Rosh Pina. There were two machine guns with the squadron. Outposts for the night were established at Khirbit Irbid and all lines of approach round the bivouac area.



Thursday, September 25, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.



Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 24 September

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 26 September



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 25 September

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 16 September 2010 11:05 AM EADT

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