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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Wednesday, 27 August 2008
Memorandum on proposed Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 16 May 1916, Page 1
Topic: AIF - DMC - Anzac MD

Memorandum on proposed Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 16 May 1916, Page 1


Memorandum on proposed Reconnaissance to Bir el Abd, 16 May 1916, Page 1
[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 27 August 2008 1:48 PM EADT
Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Plate 4
Topic: Wp - Hotchkiss PMG

The following weeks will see the various pages from the Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook, the official manual issued by the company for the use of troops in the field. The Hotchkiss Gun was introduced in the Light Horse formations during the early months of 1917. The introduction of this robust and portable gun gave the Light Horse Regiments additional mobile fire power which considereably added to their ability to sustain light combat situations and defend against vastly numerically superior forces. Apart from being an excellent weapon, it was in much demand by the Turkish forces who considered the capture of a Hotchkiss Gun well worth any risks involved in the process. This is a manual produced in 1917 and illustrates the method by which the Hotchkiss Gun was packed and moved throughout the Palestine campaign.

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Plate 4

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Citation: Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Plate 4

Posted by Project Leader at 10:29 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 27 August 2008 1:50 PM EADT
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 51
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 50.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 51.
[Turkish edition: Genelkurmay Basim Evi, Ankara 2002, p. 37]

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 51

Posted by Project Leader at 10:21 AM EADT
Updated: Wednesday, 27 August 2008 1:52 PM EADT
9th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Carew Reynell
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

Carew Reynell


Carew Reynell's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial


Carew Reynell

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel [Lt Col]

Unit: 9th Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 28 August 1915

Cause of death: Killed in action

Cemetery or memorial details: GALLIPOLI 16. Hill 60 Cemetery

War Grave Register notes: REYNELL, Lt. Col. Carew. 9th Australian Light Horse. Mentioned in Despatches. Killed in action 28th Aug., 1915. Age 32. Son of the late Walter and Emily Reynell; husband of May Reynell, of Reynella, South Australia. Native of Rostrevor, Magill, S. Aust. Sp. Mem. 4.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army.


Carew Reynell


A brief military biography of Carew Reynell from The AIF Project:

Date of birth16 September 1883
AddressReynella, South Australia
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation31
Next of kinWife, Mrs Mary M Reynell, Reynella, South Australia
Enlistment date16 December 1914
Rank on enlistmentMajor
Unit name9th Light Horse Regiment, Headquarters
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/14/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A10 Karroo on 11 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant-Colonel
Unit from Nominal Roll9th Light Horse Regiment


Unit: 9th Light Horse
Promotion date:
16 December 1914
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Mention in Despatches

Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette', Supplement, No. 29354 (5 November 1915); 'Commonwealth Gazette', No. 12 (27 January 1916).
FateKilled in Action 28 August 1915
Age at death from cemetery records32
Place of burialHill 60 Cemetery (Special Memorial No. 4), Gallipoli, Turkey
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Walter and Emily REYNELL; husband of May REYNELL, Reynella, South Australia. Native of Rostrevor, Magill, South Australia
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Additional Material


Christmas Day 1906.

[From left to right: Walter Reynell; Carew Reynell; Eversley Thomas; and, Ian Reynell.

From the personal diary of Carew Reynell 

27 August 1915

I hear we are to be withdrawn in a day or two and replaced by some of the 5th Brigade. It seems possible that we may be sent to Imbros or Lemnos for a few days rest. We can all do with a rest I think. Personally I am pretty run down and had a cold for a long time and am lousy.


Last photograph of Carew Reynell picking lice out of his clothes (chatting) prior to the assault on Hill 60.



Adelaide Observer, 11 September 1915, p. 41


The transcript of the article is below:


The Late Major Carew Reynell

The happy and peaceful little village of Reynella was suddenly made sad and sombre on Tuesday by the receipt of a message from the military headquarters to the effect that Major Carew Reynell, the eledest son of Mr Walter Reynell, had been killed in action on the Gallipoli Peninsular. The well-known southern winery was immediately closed, and on all sides were manifested genuine grief and sympathy with the relatives, among whom are a widow and two children. The deceased officer was one of Nature's gentlemen, and a man who always "played the game" whatever the consequences might be. He made staunch friends wherever he went, and was held in high esteem, especially in the southern districts where the name of Reynell has been a household word almost since the foundation of the State.

Keen for the Front

On the outbreak of the war Major Reynell was anxious to volunteer for active service. Responsibilities, however, prevented him from gratifying his desire until toward the end of last year. He was then gazetted second in command of the 9th Light Horse Regiment of the 2nd Expeditionary Force. Having made military work a hobby for many years, and kept himself informed in modern tactical methods, he was eminently fitted for the high post. He fulfilled his duties with skill and ability, notwithstanding his comparative youth - he was only in his thirty-second year - and he wond the confidence of his men, who would follow him anywhere.

Rapid Promotion

A characteristic of the late officer was his enthusiasm in whatever work he undertook. He joined the light horse as a private, and climed to his high rank. He received his first commission while serving with the 16th Australian Light Horse, and two years later gained the rank of Lieutenant in the 7th Light Horse. In 1912 he passed, with flying colours, the examination for the position of captain; after which he joined the 22nd Light Horse. In the same year he was promoted to the rank of major, the status which he held at the time of volunteering for the front. The deceased was a fearless and accomplished horseman. For three years he was master of the Adelaide Hunt Club, and during the term the club progressed conspicuously.

Biticulturalist and Winemaker

Major Reynell promised to become, and his father has been for many years. one of the Stat's foremost viticuluralists and winemakers. After having left St Peter's College, he began the study of vinegrowing and wine production in all their phases. Blessed with a natural scientific bent, quick perception, and good judgment, his studies advanced rapidly. His contreires hailed him as a man who, in the near future, was destined to play an important part in safeguarding and developing the industries along the best possible lines. Mr Reynell was particularly interested in the influences of different methods of cultivation and varied applications of manures in connection with viticulture and two or three years ago initiated at Reynella a series of experiments which have already revealed striking results.

From Fighting Stock

The deceased officer, whose younger brother, Dr WR Reynell (a Rhodes Scholar) has been at the front almost since the outbreak of the war, came from fighting stock. Many of his ancestors fought for their country, but none of them was more distinguished than his grand uncle, Lieut. Gen. Thomas Reynell, CB, who commanded the 71st Regiment (Highland Light Infantry) at Waterloo. The regiment was grigaded with a battalion of the 52nd (Oxfordshire Light Infantry) and two battalions of the 85th Rifles and formed part of Gen Adam's Brigade. They specially distinguished themselves at Quatre Bras. At one period of the battle the Duke of Wellington was in the square formed by the regiment when charged by French cavalry. At the close of the day the 71st took part in the final charge on Napoleon's Imperial Guard. Sir Thomas Reynell, who was dangerously wounded during the fight, was singled out for special honours when the awards were made.

Lest We Forget


Further Reading:

Hill 60, Gallipoli, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment, AIF

Citation: 9th LHR, AIF, Roll of Honour, Carew Reynell

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 8 June 2009 7:16 PM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, August 27
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 27 August

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Thursday, August 27, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.



Friday, August 27, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Damijelik Hills

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Supplied six officers and 175 Other Ranks to assist General Russell on attack on Knoll 60. Of this draft, 1 Officer and 50 Other Ranks supported the New Zealand Mounted Rifles in holding position on right. Major Parsons and 50 men captured 75 yards of trench on left by bombs. Lieutenant Colonel Reynell, Captain Callary, Captain Jaffray and Lieutenant McDonald with 75 Other Ranks attempted to take a Turk trench but met Machine Gun and rifle fire and bombing and were almost annihilated. Second Lieutenant GM McDonald was the only officer to return. When returning he and 283 CG Howell assisted two men wounded to safety under fire.

3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - Enemy bombardment of trenches. General Cox No 6 Section followed by attack of some trenches by NZ and other troops at 1700. 1000 Shrapnel fire from Turks and at night continuous musketry fire. At 0500 NZ occupied and prolonged their trenches 40 yards, also two communication trenches to top of hill. Yeomanry Regiment took trenches C and D but lost them at 2030 and our 9th Light Horse Regiment who marched out from No 4 Section were sent straight out to regain them if possible. NZ captured an enemy machine gun. Otherwise the situation the same. 10th Light Horse Regiment marched out at 0930 to No 6 Section. The 20th Infantry Battalion, 5th Infantry Brigade took our trenches from us and all were occupied in handing over orders, maps, sketches and assisting relieving troops. Brigadier General visited ANZAC to confer about strengthening the Brigade.

Carew Reynell Diary  - I hear we are to be withdrawn in a day or two and replaced by some of the 5th Brigade. It seems possible that we may be sent to Imbros or Lemnos for a few days rest. We can all do with a rest I think. Personally I am pretty run down and had a cold for a long time and am lousy.

Note: Lieutenant Colonel Carew Reynell was killed in action on the night of 27 August 1915 while leading a charge on the Turkish trenches at Hill 60.

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924, pp. 19 - 20.


On the 26th August, 1915, at 3 p.m., the Regiment moved to the beach where they halted and had tea. An hour afterwards they were ordered to fall in, and much to their astonishment were marched through a long communication trench to No. 2 Outpost where they halted for 10 minutes. At this point a guide reported to Lieut. Col. Reynell, and the Regiment immediately moved off in the direction of the Damijelik Hills. This move was completed by 10 p.m., and the Regiment bivouacked in Karija Dere, which is about four miles north of the position we had evacuated.

The Regiment was now placed under the orders of Major-General Cox, commanding the 29th Indian Division. Early astir on the following day, the Regiment took over a portion of the trenches, and made preparations for an attack which was to be carried out that night. A portion of the enemy trench at this point had to be taken at all cost, and the Regiment had been ordered to undertake the task. After dark the Regiment was assembled and given definite instructions as to their particular duty, the instructions being carefully explained to all concerned.

When paraded the Regiment numbered six officers and 175 other ranks, the whole being under the direct command of Lieut.-Col. C. Reynell. Of this force, one officer and 50 other ranks were detailed to assist the N.Z.M. Rifles in a portion of the attack, and a party of the same number were detailed to assist in holding a position on the right, whilst Major H. M. Parsons with 50 other ranks bombed the Turks out of a trench on the left. Lieut.-Col. Reynell with the remainder were to attempt to capture another portion of the same trench.

At a given signal the whole force rushed into the open to carry out their desperate venture, but were met by a terrible fire from machine gun, rifle, and bomb. Cheering loudly, the gallant party rushed across the open and into the heart of the enemy, where hand to hand fighting was soon general. Our losses had, however, been extremely heavy, and the force was gradually driven back to its own lines, leaving the greater part of its number dead on the field, the following officers being amongst the slain: Lieut. Col. Carew Reynell, Captain Jaffrey, and Captain Callery.

This was a sad blow to the Regiment, especially the loss of their gallant Colonel, an officer and gentleman of the best type, a splendid soldier and born leader. It is safe to say that he was idolized by the members of the Regiment, who would have followed him anywhere. Lieut. J. M. McDonald escaped, and assisted by Pte. G. C. Howell, brought two wounded men to safety under a most galling fire.



Sunday, August 27, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Hod Nabit
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Routine Work.



Monday, August 27, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Abasan el Kebir
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - The Regiment carried out firing practices on the range. 5 rounds application at 200 yards and 5 rounds rapid fire at the same range. three draught mules received from Remounts.
Ayliffe, Lieutenant SH; and, 27 Other Ranks marched in from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade Training Regiment at Moascar and were posted.



Tuesday, August 27, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Ludd area

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Nelson, Captain AH; and, one Other Rank marched in from Moascar.

Parade for cleaning and equipment carried out.

Camp area reorganised and extended. Area for each squadron being increased.



Wednesday, August 27, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.



Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 26 August

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 28 August



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 27 August

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 16 September 2010 8:45 AM EADT

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