"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.
The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.
Sunday, October 4, 1914
Formation of the 7th Light Horse Regiment "B" Squadron at Morphettville Race Course, South Australia.
Monday, October 4, 1915
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Hill
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Heavy shrapnel fire from north and north east on top trenches and also over Headquarters.
Wednesday, October 4, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir el Abd
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 3rd Light Horse Brigade Operation Order No 4 received from Brigade for a Reconnaissance of Mazar by 1 Company, Imperial Camel Corps supported by Light Horse Patrols. A Composite Squadron of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to cover the right flank of the Camel Company and at the same time thoroughly reconoitre the country round Ganadil, Geisi and Kassebra. The Squadron composed of Captain Bleechmore and 2 Troops "A" Squadron, 1 Troop and Lewis Gun from "B" Squadron and 1 Troop "C" Squadron under the command of Major KA McKenzie.
Thursday, October 4, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Um Urgan
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 1100, officer from Ordinance Stores inspected stores on charge to the Regiment. Routine and training.
Friday, October 4, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Duma
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - We moved from Duma this afternoon and we moved back through Damascus. We are to go to a place called El Mezze tonight. We camped about five miles south of Damascus on the Tiberias road. I could write pages about Damascus but haven't the room to put all down here. The official report now is something like one hundred thousand prisoners taken. Our casualties have been very light.
Saturday, October 5, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 4 October 1918 Topic: Diary - Schramm
Diaries of AIF Servicemen
4 October 1918
2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.
During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.
The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:
Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 2 - 4 October 1918
[Click on page for a larger print version.]
Friday, October 4, 1918
Bert Schramm's Location - Duma
Bert Schramm's Diary - We moved from Duma this afternoon and we moved back through Damascus. We are to go to a place called El Mezze tonight. We camped about five miles south of Damascus on the Tiberias road. I could write pages about Damascus but haven't the room to put all down here. The official report now is something like one hundred thousand prisoners taken. Our casualties have been very light.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Duma
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 10900 C Squadron moved out to relieve a Squadron of 8th Light Horse Regiment holding the pass at Khurbet I Asafur.
0930 Lieutenant Mann with working party and A Echelon transport moved out to collect war material captured by Regiment at Khan Ayash. About five full limber loads of machine guns, automatic rifles collected.
1100 Orders received to move SE of Damascus leaving C Squadron at Duma to hold main Aleppo road in vicinity of Khan Kusseir with one troop to relieve Freebairn, Lieutenant DT; and, his troop at B in Wadi Maraba.
The Regiment less C Squadron moved via main Aleppo Road through Damascus to a point 21/2 miles south west of El Mezze and bivouacked for night. Four Other Ranks taken prisoner of war on 29 September 1918 and recaptured in Damascus 1 October 1918 rejoined Regiment.
Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924, pp 163 - 166.
After a good night's rest at El Mezze, the first since El Kuneitra, the Regiment moved out at 8.30 a.m. and marched to a bivouac site two miles south of El Mudhamiye, where lines were laid out, and all ranks quickly settled down for a well earned spell. The hard work of the past three weeks had caused many casualties amongst the horses, chiefly sore backs, and these received immediate attention. About 60 horses were placed on the sick list and received daily treatment, and owing to the splendid work of Turner, Farrier Quartermaster Sergeant, most of them were fit and ready for work within a few days.
Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.
War Diaries and Letters
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