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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Saturday, 13 December 2008
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 160
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 160.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 160.

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


This chapter deals with Hüsnü observations of the Turkish response to Beersheba on other parts of the battlefield.


Further Reading:

List of all Yildirim pages


Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 160

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EAST
Updated: Saturday, 20 December 2008 8:02 PM EAST
Bert Schramm's Diary, 14 December 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, 2823 Private Herbert Leslie Schramm, a farmer from White's River, near Tumby Bay on the Eyre Peninsular, kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September 1918 breakout by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 Bert Schramm's Diary, 14 December 1918

Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 8 - 14 December 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Bert Schramm

Saturday, December 14, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Tripoli

Bert Schramm's Diary -  Weather fine today and nothing worth recording. I ought to write to Lucy in fact I am almost ashamed of myself as it is some time since I last wrote but at present is an impossibility to get writing paper here.



9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Tripoli

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Usual routine. Improving Regimental football ground.



Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF War Diary - Complete day by day list

Bert Schramm Diary 

Bert Schramm Diary - Complete day by day list


Additional Reading:

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.


Citation: Bert Schramm's Diary, 14 December 1918

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 18 December 2008 2:17 PM EAST
The Toodyay Herald - War Declared
Topic: GW - August 1914


8 August  1914, War is Declared, The Toodyay Herald

Due to the time zone differences, the declaration of war by Britain against Germany, while officially recorded as 4 August 1914, in terms of Australia, did not happen until Wednesday, 5 August 1915. For the The Toodyay Herald, this did not happen until the end of the week, on Saturday, 8 August 1914.

Apart from being a major regional agricultural and forestry area, the Toodyay region supported minor military training facilities. The Militia formations throughout the region included: Toodyay, 25th Australian Light Horse Regiment,  "A" Squadron (part); Toodyay Rifle Club; and, Goomalling Rifle Club

Toodyay was a regional centre which boasted of a weekly newpaper published every Saturday called The Toodyay Herald incorporating the Bolgart and Wyening Districts' Chronicle. It was priced at 3d [3 pence or in 2008 AUD, $5] per edition. The newspaper was circulated around the Toodyay region including the locations and towns of Toodyay, Bolgart, Wyening, Bindoon, Dewars Pool, Buckland, Mumberkine and Goomalling. Apart from some of the most breathtakingly beautiful forests and rural landscapes dotted by wonderfully rustic villages and hamlets, the area contains Swan/Avon River whose rugged terrain forms the basis of the Australian White Water Classic, the Avon Descent. The following two pages are indicative of the life experienced in the Toodyay regionwhen the Great War was declared.

War is Declared

This page explores the way The Toodyay Herald dealt with the news.

The Toodyay Herald, Saturday, 8 August 1914, p. 3.

[Click on page for larger version -  1.211mb]

German ship siezed at Fremantle

On the morning of 7 August 1914, a telegram was received through the news service stating that the German steamer, SS Griefswald, arrived at Fremantle and was immediately siezed by the military authorities.

War Time Profeteering

On Friday, 7 August 1915, the Western Australian Legislative Assembly pushed through three readings of a bill in an to prevent the social destabilisation and dislocation that occurs through hoarding and profiteering within a society. The law meant business in this matter by imposing a huge maximum fine of £1,000 or a period of imprisonment should a person, having three months or more supplies, refuses to sell these foodstuffs on demand at current prices. Prior to getting the Governor's assent and proclaimation through the Government Gazette, the bill still had to pass through the Legislative Council which was always a difficult prospect for any Western Australian government. 

War Coverage versus the Federal Elections

In a comment upon the visit by Senator Pearce to give a speech at the Toodyay Town Hall on Friday evening, 7 August 1914, the reporter for the occasion made a comment about the approach to reporting the speech: "For the sake of brevity in these piping times of war, we will condense as far as possible..." This was either a tongue in cheek comment or the editor did not appreciate the irony of the comment but the space devoted to the ensuing Federal election campaign was equal to the coverage given to war news. Indeed, the newspaper used the balance of the page to detail the local football match between the Toodyay team and the Federals. The only other news on the page related to the Comedy performance and the winning raffle tickets.

Football players

Many men who played football at Toodyay on Saturday, 1 August 1914 subsequently enlisted in the AIF and saw overseas service.

Toodyay: Boxall, Meredith, Tidswell, K Wroth, L Wroth, J Ellery, McDermott, S Davey, Pember, Robinson, Bedall,  Kingston, Wroth, Smith, Rogers, Manthorpe, Harrison and A Ellery.

Federals: Nicholson, Richards, Caddy, Dempster, Forward, Minson, Peake, McMahon, Gibson, Mayersbeth, Stephens, Bell, Young, Foster, Quinn and Dhu.

On Saturday, 8 August 1914, the Toodyay football team was off to play against the Northam Unions. The eighteen were to be chosen from the following potential team members:

F Atwall, CA Bedall, J Boxall, L Davey, S Davey, A Ellery, J Ellery, V Harrison, F Kingston, H Manthorpe, R McCallum, P McDermott, H Meredith, F Pember, M Robinson, T Rogers,  Smith,  Smith, W Tidswell, J Wroth, K Wroth, and L Wroth.

Toodyay Activities, 8 August 1914

While the war announcement was a significant story, the life of Toodyay did not halt but just kept going on, as it did for the duration of the war. This page details quite clearly some of the life that occurred within the south Toodyay region.

The Toodyay Herald, Saturday, 8 August 1914, p. 2.

[Click on page for larger version -  1.178mb]


War is in the air

So are those Horrid Flies.

Householders may protect their homes from invasion by purchasing from Padbury Stores Ltd collapsible meat safes, meat covers, wire gauze and doors.

Meat Safe

So read the advertisement by Padbury Stores Limited. The shop was owned by William Padbury who listed his business as being "merchants, importers, iron-mongers, drapers & grocers, machinery and implement importers. The main place of business was located at 114 Terrace Road in Guildford. The building still remains although now has been converted into a restaurant bearing the owner's name, Padburys Cafe Restaurant. Padbury also had branch stores at Moora and Toodyay. The innovative advertisement dealt with a perrenial problem - flies, an iconic symbol of Australian life. Meat safes were always an important part of pre-refrigeration homes in Australia.


The St John the Baptist Church planned to hold a euchre and dance party on 19 August 1914. The funds raised on the night was to contribute towards the running of the church. 

The history revealed by a newspaper

A newspaper is a historical snapshot of a particular area on the day the newspaper was published. They contain a wealth of information which can be extracted and used according to the individual taste. The above extracts give an example of the depth of information contained within a simple rural newspaper. Every story contains many more stories, each layered upon each other like onion peels. As one peels away one skin, more appear to reveal a vibrant community brimming with history.

Do you want to take part in uncovering and writing Australian history?

If this entry or other entries inspires you to produce further insights, please feel free to post a response and it may become an acknowledged part of the article.


Further Reading:

Complete list of Newspaper References for 5 August 1914


Citation: The Toodyay Herald - War Declared

Posted by Project Leader at 4:03 PM EAST
Updated: Saturday, 13 December 2008 9:56 PM EAST
1st LHR, Roll of Honour, Frederick Auger
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 LHR

1st LHR, AIF

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

Frederick Auger


Frederick Auger's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial


Frederick Auger

Service number: 579

Rank: Trooper [Tpr]

Unit: 1 Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 13 December 1915

Cemetery or memorial details: Rookwood NSW RC C of E Sect T 10864

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army


A brief military biography of Frederick Auger from The AIF Project:

Regimental number579
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationShip steward
Address21 Long View Liscard, Birkenhead, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation34
Next of kinFather, C T Auger, 34 Peermont Road, Hillford, Essex, England
Enlistment date14 September 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name1st Light Horse Regiment, A Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/6/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A16 Star Of Victoria on 20 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Light Horse Regiment
FateReturned to Australia; secondary fate: DOI 26 September 1915
Date of death13 December 1915
Age at death from cemetery records35
Place of burialRookwood Cemetery (Portion?R.C or C of E.,Plot T, Grave No. 10864), Sydney, New South Wales
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Son of Charles AUGER. Native of Liverpool, Lancashire, England

Lest we forget 


Further Reading:

1st Australian Light Horse Regiment


Citation: 1st LHR, Roll of Honour, Frederick Auger

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Tuesday, 2 June 2009 7:49 PM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 13 December
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 13 December

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Sunday, December 13, 1914

9th Light Horse Regiment Location -  Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Organising, training and equipping of troops.

See: Broadmeadows 1909



Monday, December 13, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Spur

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary -  Commanding Officer received orders to remove the Regimental Headquarters to the Headquarters Area of the 10th Light Horse Regiment and to take over a portion of the line of fire trench held by the 10th Light Horse Regiment as far as WP [West Point by 1400. Orders also received that all sick and weak men were to be collected and handed over to Lieutenant Colonel Todd, Commanding Officer of the 10th Light Horse Regiment to proceed to Lemnos. Forty men were handed over and marched out. Our troops occupied the fire trench and joined up with the 8th Light Horse Regiment who took over the remainder of the line held by the 10th Light Horse Regiment.



Wednesday, December 13, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir el Malha

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - The Regiment undertook routine work for the day. Alarm practice by General Officer in Command Brigade.



Thursday, December 13, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Suffa.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - A Squadron dispatched patrol towards Kefr Namah and B Squadron patrolled Balin. 6th Royal Irish Rifles on the right of A Squadron. 11th Light Horse Regiment on the left of B Squadron. Enemy observed near Kefr Namah and in Kuddis - Khurbetha Ibn Harith - Ras Kerker. Scott, Lieutenant Colonel WH, returned from Brigade Headquarters.



Friday, December 13, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Tripoli

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Improving camp area.



Saturday, December 13, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.



Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 12 December

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 14 December



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 13 December

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 22 September 2010 10:38 PM EADT

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