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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre site holds over 12,000 entries and is growing daily.

Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

Let us hear your story: You can tell your story, make a comment or ask for help on our Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Forum called:

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WARNING: This site contains: names, information and images of deceased people; and, language which may be considered inappropriate today.

Thursday, 1 January 2009
Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 January 1919
Topic: Diary - Schramm

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, 2823 Private Herbert Leslie Schramm, a farmer from White's River, near Tumby Bay on the Eyre Peninsular, kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September 1918 breakout by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 January 1919


Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 28 December 1918 - 4 January 1919

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Bert Schramm

Thursday, January 2, 1919

Bert Schramm's Location - Tripoli, Lebanon.

Bert Schramm's Diary -  Nothing doing weather fine again but extremely cold.



9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Tripoli, Lebanon.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 1000 - 1100 - Swordsmanship mounted.



Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF War Diary - Complete day by day list

Bert Schramm Diary 

Bert Schramm Diary - Complete day by day list


Additional Reading:

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.


Citation: Bert Schramm's Diary, 2 January 1919

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EAST
Updated: Sunday, 4 January 2009 2:41 PM EAST
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 179
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 179.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 179.

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


This chapter deals with Hüsnü observations of the Turkish response to Beersheba on other parts of the battlefield.


Further Reading:

List of all Yildirim pages


Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 179

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EAST
Updated: Saturday, 24 January 2009 7:02 AM EAST
Foundation Principles
Topic: AAB-Education Centre

Education Centre - Foundation Principles

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre in conjunction with the various Education authorities in Australia, has embarked upon producing a program of instruction targeted initially towards the Later Adolescence band of scholars, characteristically those who are studying in Year 9 and 10 within Australia. Each lesson will be a self contained module. Some will be more difficult than others and graded accordingly.

Issues examined include:

1. The “White Guard” guerrilla force defending Australia
2. August 1914
3. Recruiting and training
4. Embarkation
5. Gallipoli
6. Sinai
7. Beersheba
8. Life in Australia during the Great War
9. Keep the home fires burning.
10. German Anzacs
11. Aboriginal Light Horsemen
12. Myths and Legends


The material will be arranged to allow the teacher the ability to choose a  module as a single lesson - it will have its own lesson plan - or part of an expansive conversation with the students. Included within the lesson plan are all the resource material required to complete the basic learning outcomes. In addition, other material on the will be referenced on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre should the module be utilised as a larger theme.


The material is designed to enhance exploration rather than being didactic. An outline will be given with links to resource material. The material will require different levels of analytical ability to reach an outcome. Students are actively encouraged to work in groups with the purpose of task allocation, cooperation and discussion of the material. Apart from the material on the site, students will be encouraged to seek other sources too.


All material will be as authentic as possible. In addition, material for students will follow the parental guidance codes and thus be appropriate for the age group.


All lessons and material presented will comply with the Curriculum framework for ACT schools - Later adolescence, specifically dealing with the following learning principles:


21 LA.2. How government policies have affected Indigenous peoples and their pursuit of citizenship rights;
21.LA.3. The development of multiculturalism in Australia and changes in government policies on issues including immigration and their impact; and,
21 LA.4. The events, people and movements that shaped the development of Australia (e.g. colonisation and expansion, development of governments, participation in major wars) and the contexts in which events and actions occurred (e.g. social and economic context, motivation and beliefs of individuals).

Contemporary society

21.LA.5. Contemporary and future issues and challenges facing Australian society; and,
21 LA.6. Ways in which Australia is presented, nationally and internationally (e.g. stereotypes of Australian people and places).

In the later adolescence band of development, students have opportunities to learn to:

21. LA.7. Select and apply geographical tools and processes (e.g. maps, graphs, photographs, flow charts, fieldwork, action research) to gather, interpret and present geographical information on Australia;
21. LA.8: Analyse sources, perspectives, theories and gaps in narrative accounts of Australia and Australians; and,
21. LA.9. Sequence historical events and relevant contextual information to explain and create narrative accounts of Australia and Australians.

The topics are subject to change in accordance with demand and needs.


Educators and students are encouraged to give ideas as to the items they would like, problems with the site and any other issues. To do so, at the bottom right hand corner of this entry, is a link with the title: Post Comment. This is done to avoid spam filling the email address. Once the comment is logged, a response will be forthcoming as soon as possible.

Citation: Foundation Principles

Posted by Project Leader at 11:01 PM EAST
Updated: Tuesday, 3 March 2009 9:28 AM EAST
Happy New Year for 2009
Mood:  celebratory
Topic: AIF - Misc Topics

Happy New Year for 2009

from all here at the

Australian Light Horse Research Centre

May your new year be happier and more prosperous than your last.

Now a glimpse in the past as to how Australia saw the new year over 90 years ago. The following two extracts give a window into the minds of Australians when they faced the gravity presented by reflections on the New Year.

The hopes of New Year's Day, 1917

[From: Melbourne Punch, 4 January 1917,  p. 3.]


The New Year has come in with the flag half-mast. It has begun its career Of 365 days in the uncountable periods of time with the world at war and Australia in the sickly sleep of drought. The year 1914 went out with bowed head and eyes full of tears, a year of momentous tragedy whose solution is still in desperate evolution. It is during times of great oppression that the robust characteristics of a nation are summoned to the fighting line to resist the onslaught of pessimism and doubt. Even tremendous disasters are not without moral significance and stimulus, and while we are a British Empire at war we are also a British Empire of a magnificent harmony, united not merely in sentiment and held together by artificial ties, but united in a shoulder-to-shoulder determination for the supremacy of right and the enthronement of honor among nations. Australia is associated with Great Britain, France, Russia, and Belgium in a noble and heroic struggle. and 1915 finds her lifted into the prestige of a world power-not in the large acceptation of the word, but in the valor and influence which her sons are exerting against the mighty immorality of a nation which menaces human freedom and is the demonstrated instrument of atrocity and despotism.

So, while 1915 has come to us under very sad auspices, and while Australia, with the rest of the world, is feeling the abomination of this war in the transference of her best manhood to the scene of action and in the crippling effects of trade, and while all these terrific handicaps on progress are associated at the same time with the awful struggle against drought, yet the position is being faced with courage and fortitude. Australia, in popular phrase, is not getting her "tail down." Her head is erect and her shoulders square, there is a vigorous swing in her body and an expression of unconquering determination on her face. She means to see the whole thing through, to stand by the Motherland in the awful calamity of a great war, and to remain firm against the oppressive circumstances that are waging within her own borders, and against which there is no defence except a strong and well-entrenched optimism. If 1915 has come in with the flag half-mast, there is a feeling of confidence that before it shall pass into history the war will have closed and the world be wrapped in a peace resting on liberty and right. The great powers of Europe have rested uneasily for a long time. This turmoil that has made the Continent a vast cemetery and turned the highways of commerce into rivers of blood, has filled millions with terror and plunged the various Governments into crushing expenditure on defence; this turmoil that has sucked the blood of progress and hindered the solution of fearful problems-of social horror will leave behind such an aftermath of security and tranquillity, such a sense of established peace, that perhaps, after all, it will have been worth while. It seems a terrible price to pay-a price in death and suffering that one shrinks front contemplating-but it was inevitable that the bill had to be met. And if 191 5 shall receipt it and give back to the world an unchallenged freedom the colors which now flutter from half-mast will be hauled to the peak, to stay there for a long, long period of happy and progressive years.

[From: Adelaide Critic,  6 January 1915, p. 6.]

Regardless of the conflict, Australians still enjoyed the festivity of the New Year's Eve countdown to the New Year.

A large crowd outside the Adelaide Town Hall counting down to the New Year.

[From: The Observer,  8 January 1916, p. 27.]


Happy New Year


Citation: Happy New Year for 2009

Posted by Project Leader at 8:13 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 1 January 2009 8:14 AM EAST
The Battle of Sunnyside, South Africa, 1 January 1900, Roll of Honour
Topic: BatzB - Sunnyside

South African (Second Boer) War 

The Battle of Sunnyside, South Africa, 1 January 1900

Roll of Honour

Australian Forces


Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra


The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the Australian men from the Scottish Horse known to have served and lost their lives during the Battle of Bakenlaagte, 30 October 1901.


Roll of Honour


1st QMI, Roll of Honour, Victor Stanley Jones


1st QMI, Roll of Honour, David Cumming McLeod 


Lest We Forget 




Further Reading:

The Battle of Sunnyside, South Africa, 1 January 1900

The Battle of Sunnyside, South Africa, 1 January 1900, Roll of Honour

South African (Second Boer) War

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: The Battle of Sunnyside, South Africa, 1 January 1900, Roll of Honour

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Tuesday, 4 January 2011 7:23 AM EAST

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