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Monday, 6 April 2009
Bert Schramm's Diary, 6 April 1919
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm


During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, 2823 Private Herbert Leslie Schramm, a farmer from White's River, near Tumby Bay on the Eyre Peninsular, kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September 1918 breakout by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.

 Bert Schramm's Diary, 6 April 1919


Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 4 - 7 April 1919

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Bert Schramm

Sunday, April 6, 1919

Bert Schramm's Location - Zagazig, Egypt.

Bert Schramm's Diary - Nothing worth recording. There is no news. The Brigade received more horses today so there doesn't seem much chance of us getting away soon.



9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Zagazig, Egypt.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Voluntary church services RC in Church, Zagazig while other denominations had their services at 9th Light Horse Regiment.

Kildea, Lieutenant FJ, with mounted troop, proceeded to El Abbasa to garrison and patrol that area.



Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry

Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 5 April 1919

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 7 April 1919


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF War Diary - Complete day by day list

Bert Schramm Diary 

Bert Schramm Diary - Complete day by day list


Additional Reading:

Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.


Citation: Bert Schramm's Diary, 6 April 1919

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 9 May 2009 9:31 PM EADT
1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 1
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 Sig Trp

1st Australian Signal Troop, AIF



Below is a transcription from a manuscript submitted by by Major R. Smith called 1st Australian Signal Troop. This is Page 1.


Formation of Troop in Australia, training in Egypt and work on Gallipoli at Anzac and Helles.

On August the 19th 1914, all the members of the 10th and 21st Signal Troops and 26th. Coy who had volunteered the requisite medical examination were ordered to report at Street Barracks, South Melbourne where they were attested and sworn in. Then the men were drafted into the 1st Signal Troop, that is men who under the Compulsory Training Act had previously served in the 3 units mentioned above.

The C.O. Capt. E. W. Downing ( late 21st Sig. Troop ) took command and the N.C.0's were chosen from the above units, and the 2 Wireless Sections which had been used for training at the annual camps.

August 20th:

The Troop moved by train to Broadmeadows where 14 O.R.'s from the Signal Engineers Sydney, joined us, and camp was made and the personnel drafted to the various sections which comprised the Troop i.e. Signallers, Telephone Sections, wireless Sections, Motor Cyclists and Cyclists, 4 drivers and 1 shoeing smith. Fortunately the whole personnel of the Troop were men who had been trained previously in the Compulsory Trainees and the usual Squad Drill and :routine to which a raw recruit must be subject, was not necessary and skeleton schemes were organised and carried out in the vicinity of Donnybrook, Sydney Rd., Deep Creek and Euroka. All of which helped to bring the Troop up to its high standard of efficiency and stood all members in good stead in the months which followed.

It was not until we had been in camp for, 2 weeks that we were issued with our horses and then all members put through a riding test and those who were a little uncomfortable taken in hand and taught horse management. The wireless sections were worked hard and were brought to a very high standard of efficiency creating a record for erecting station in 3 minutes which has not yet been beaten.

Our period of training in Broadmeadows lasted 2 month; and we embarked at Victoria Docks 20/10/17 [20/10/14, ed.], sailed to Egypt the Karroo the voyage taking 7 weeks owing to the waiting at various ports for coaling provisions etc. (Ports) Albury, [Albany, ed.] Colombo, Aden, Suez and Alexandria.

During the voyage it was impossible to carry out training to a very great extent owing to the number of horses we had to look after.

The whole morning was taken up in the cleaning of the horse deck and the afternoons in exercising the horses which was done by walking each animal around the horse deck for 20 minutes and it proved worth while for we only lost one horse for the whole voyage and that from pneumonia.


Further Reading:

1st Signal Troop

1st Australian Light Horse Brigade  

Anzac Mounted Division


Citation: 1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 1

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 12 April 2009 7:02 PM EADT
Buffels Hoek, Times Account, 21 August 1900
Topic: BatzB - Buffels Hoek

Buffels Hoek

South Africa, 16-17 August  1900

Times Account, 21 August 1900 


The Times, 21 August 1900, p. 3.





Lord Roberts has sent the following telegrams to the Secretary of State for War :

Pretoria, Aug. 18, 8.35 p.m.

Carrington reports that the enemy, with which Erroll was engaged, were driven back from the strong positions they held at Buffelshoek on the 16th; one of their commanders, Swartz, was severely wounded. Our casnalties were:- Killed, New Zealand Mounted Infantry, Captain Harvey and two men; wounded, nine men. The New Zealanders particularly distinguished themselves.

De Wet has reappeared between Rustenburg and Commando's Nek, and yesterday evening sent a messenger with a flag of truce to BadenPowell, who commands at the Nek, calling upon him to surrender. Baden-Powell, in his reply, derisively asked what terms he was prepared to give. De Wet probably only wished to find out whether Commando's Nek was strongly held, for when he found it was he changed his route and marched in a more northerly direction. Baden-Powell is keeping in touch with him.

Paget, who arrived here two days ago with his brigade, has occupied Waterval on the railway 15 miles north of this; in an engagement he had
with the enemy today five of his Yeomanry were wounded.


Further Reading:

Buffels Hoek, South Africa, August 16 to 17, 1900 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Buffels Hoek, Times Account, 21 August 1900

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 10 April 2009 12:39 PM EADT
Sunday, 5 April 2009
Bothaville, South Africa, November 6, 1900, Contents
Topic: BatzB - Bothaville


South Africa, 6 November 1900



Bothaville, an action during the Second South African War, fought on 6 November 1900 around Doornkraal farm eight kilometres south of this town in the Orange Free State, between a Boer commando under General Christiaan de Wet and British forces commanded by Major-General C.E. Knox.



Bothaville, South Africa, November 6, 1900

Bothaville, South Africa, November 6, 1900, Times Account 

Bothaville, South Africa, November 6, 1900, Times Account 2 

Bothaville, South Africa, November 6, 1900, Times Account, 10 Nov 1900 

Further Reading:

Boer War Battles, 1899 - 1902

South African (Second Boer) War: 1899-1902 - Overview 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Bothaville, South Africa, November 6, 1900, Contents

Posted by Project Leader at 8:27 PM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 5 April 2009 8:29 PM EADT
1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 2
Topic: AIF - 1B - 1 Sig Trp

1st Australian Signal Troop, AIF



Below is a transcription from a manuscript submitted by by Major R. Smith called 1st Australian Signal Troop. This is Page 2.


Formation of Troop in Australia, training in Egypt and work on Gallipoli at Anzac and Helles.


December 7th 1914:

Disembarked at Alexandria and entrained for Cairo where we, arrived at 1600, then after men and horses had been rested and here we commenced training again and competitive tests held in all branches of the unit.

Occasionally we established communication with the Signal Coy who were at Mena and who used to set up a Helio Station on the Pyramids while ours was established on one of the many houses in Maadi.


January 1915:

Moved by road from Maadi to, Heliopolis where Brigade training was carried out, in the manner of skeleton schemes around Zeitoun and El Marg and then afterwards in sham fights against the N. Z. Bde in the same area.

On April 1st, the 2 Wireless Sections with pack horses and minus their riders, 6 Signallers under Sgt. Masters and the C.O. were ordered to proceed to Alexandria for embarkation and they left Heliopolis at 0700 next morning and entrained at Cairo.

The remainder of the Sig. Troop was then commanded by Lt. J. Bell, who was previously Automobile Officer on 1st Bde H.Q.


May 7th 1915:

Bde ordered to proceed to Alexandria to embark for Gallipoli where we arrived on 12th May. We then found that the 2 wireless sections under Capt. Downing were at Helles operating with the navy and R.F.C, while the 6 sigs. under Sgt. Masters were doing duty as Signallers on transports. On arrival at Anzac the Bde. moved up to Monash Gully and established H.Q. opposite Steels Post.

The Signal Troop took over the existing system of communications and commenced relaying lines and duplicating others where they became cut by shell fire.

Two sappers were detached for duty with the 21st Kiwat Indian Mountain Battery which used to fire on to Razor Back. These two Sappers worked the Telephone Station by themselves for 6 days working 2 hours on and 2 off and on the 18th May we were joined by a Signaller from the 3rd Regt. On the same day while out repairing lines 1 Sap, was wounded and was taken into the Indian Hospital in Shrapnel Gully and he would not go away but rejoined us after 4 days. The work fell very heavy on us through lines being cut etc and from the afternoon of the to that of the 22nd we had practically no sleep.

An armistice was declared for 3 hours on the 22nd and we took the opportunity to make all lines aerial wherever possible and to remove others from exposed positions.

The Troop at H.Q. were extremely busy having 28 buzzer lines and 4 magnetos these had to be looked after by 2 sappers per shift.

The 4 magneto lines were connected to H.Q. positions and were direct lines, 1 to Steels post, 1 to Quinn’s, and 2 to Courtney's Post. All lines were inspected daily by linemen and the instruments by the Troop Mechanic and through this precaution it was seldom that anything went wrong other than the lines being cut by Artillery fire or by some enterprising Billjim for use on his bivouac.

The bivouac area was in a saucer formation just off the main sap and very well protected by high banks, however one shell exploded in the Cook house and wounded 4 men, 1 seriously. Another man was wounded in the head whilst drawing water in Shrapnel Gully and 1 other by a shell which fell close to the Signal Office.


Further Reading:

1st Signal Troop

1st Australian Light Horse Brigade  

Anzac Mounted Division


Citation: 1st Australian Signal Troop, Page 2

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Sunday, 12 April 2009 6:54 PM EADT

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