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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Friday, 13 June 2008
War? What war? The Critic, 5 August 1914
Topic: Gen - St - SA

To read the edition of The Critic on the day following the declaration of war against Germany and Austria, one might have expected just a hint that there was a war on. For The Critic, it appears to have been a nasty intrusion best ignored. Indeed this is a policy assiduously pursued by this fine newspaper for the duration although on occasion, the newspaper did publish something when casualties were particularly noticeable.


THE CRITIC August 5. 1914. Page 6


This afternoon His Excellency will visit the Islington workshops, and on Friday will inspect the cadets of the St. Peter's College. On Saturday, with Lady Galway, Sir Henry Will attend the reception ceremony to the British scientists, and will be at the Government welcome in the evening. Lady Galway will be present at the chamber music concert at the Elder Conservatorium, and on Thursday night a meeting of the Alliance Francaise at the May Club Rooms.


His Excellency blends graceful satire with a splendid modesty. At the Chamber of Commerce luncheon the other day it was mentioned that his predecessor, Sir Day Bosanquet, had put into book form all his South Australian speeches. It was suggested that Sir Henry should do the same and certainly the suggestion was by no means a piece of diplomatic sincerity. His Excellency, referring to the matter in the course of another fine address said there was one thing he would promise the people of the State. It was this. He would never publish his speeches. We shall have to call the Governor. His Modesty.


Back in South Australia again after seven months'  important surgical experience in the old world, Dr. Cudmore, who also included America in his tour. He was accompanied by his wife and children, and they are all much benefited by the trip.


Another lawyer and another Smith, has been added to the South Australian list. It is Mr. Frank Seymour Smith, and care will have to be taken to prevent confusion with the name of Mr. F. V. Smith, who, however may fall back upon a more prominent use of Villeneuve to overcome any embarrassment. It was the Villeneuve Smith who moved for the admission of the Seymour Smith to the bar, and gave him a good start by saying he had perseverance, energy, and determination. Those are three excellent qualities, but the stock-in-trade of the successful lawyer requires more than these. It might be called a diplomatic conscience and an alternative ability to see innocence or guilt on any side at any moment.


Advice has just been received the; Mr. E. Britten Jones, who was the Rhodes Scholar in 1912, has passed first class for his B.A. degree at Oxford, with honors in physiology. There were only three first class passes, and it is a fine compliment to Mr. Jones as well as to South Australia that he was one of them.


By Fridays mail steamer Mr. R. Bronner will sail to go into Balliol College, Oxford, as a senior student. He will begin his studies with the new Oxford term during the second week in October. Mr. Bronner's idea is to take a two years post graduate course in political science, economics, and philosophy and to secure an original research degree in literature.


The first batch of the big British scientists’ party arrived by the steamer Ascanius on Monday morning. They had spent a few days in Western Australia, where a number of the distinguished visitors are remaining. The main contingent will reach Adelaide on Saturday next. At 5 o'clock that afternoon there will be a University graduation in the Adelaide Town Hall, and in the evening there will be an official reception. The scientists will be in Adelaide for some days, and will hold a portion of their meetings here. Those who came by the Ascanius on Saturday were the President, Professor W. Bateson, Professor A. D. Hall, Professor W. G. Duffield. Professor G. Forbes, and Messrs J. Hesketh and N. Jacobson.


South Australians will always take a keen interest in Guillaux, whatever he does and wherever he goes. His dazzling flying performances on the Cheltenham Course and the thrilling sensationalism of his looping the loop even now produce a queer reeling down the spine when they are recalled. The accident which occurred to the wonderful French aviator in Sydney on Saturday afternoon will cause profound regret in this State. Death or some fearful injury, somehow, seems inevitable when people go flying - flying it might be said in the face of gravitation. Guillaux fell 100 feet, was badly injured himself, and his machine was smashed. What happened has not been disclosed at the time of writing, but Guillaux stated after the accident that "the whole thing was a blank to me after I got up." Spectators of the Frenchman's exploits in the air will sincerely sympathise with him in his personal injury and his severe loss. Aeroplanes cost money, and Guillaux's was one of the latest type.


Mr. and Mrs J. B. Robertson will eerier in South Australia by the mail steamer Orvieto from London on Saturday next. Mr. Robertson is one of the board of management if the Trades Press, Limited, proprietors of Australasian Hardware and Machinery, The Draper of Australasia, and The Chemist and Druggist of Australasia. He left Adelaide 10 years ago to take up the position in Melbourne as sub-editor of The Grocer, and then went to London for The Trades Press. Mrs. Robertson is editress of one of London's well-known magazines, and she intends to write her impressions of Australia.


The Dean has gone to Los Angeles to spend several months with his brother. The very rev. gentleman is accompanied by his daughter, and they expect to have a happy time sojourning in California.


Sir Josiah Symon. K.C. who has been on a brief trip to England, where he was hospitably entertained by members of the English bar and many public officials, sailed on Friday for South Australia. He is a passenger by the mail steamer Maloja, and he will be in Adelaide again during the first week in September.


Although Mr. Edward Reeves, the Adelaide elocutionist, went to England mainly for health and rest, he has apparently found it impossible to keep away from "shop." Prior to leaving Adelaide he told "The Critic" that he intended to "fight shy" of recitals unless, of course, a particularly tempting offer should come along. Presumably it has for Mr. Reeves will begin a series in King George's Hall, London, in October. He should give his public a capital idea of the standard of Australian elocution.


Professor Moore, an American visitor to the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, was a passenger to Adelaide by the Melbourne express on Saturday.


Captain Jess, who has been appointed to the headquarters staff of the Defence Department in this State, and was recently married, arrived in Adelaide by the Melbourne express on Saturday.


Mr. T. A. Fletcher fourth son of the late Mr. H. C. Fletcher. died at his residence, Woodville, on Saturday. The deceased, who was 53, was associated with Fletcher's slip and shipbuilding yards at Birkenhead. In his younger days he was a great athlete, and played football for the Port Adelaide Club soon after its formation. Mr. Fletcher succumbed to a painful internal malady.


The Chief Justice will be back in Adelaide during the present week and will take a prominent part in the official festivities associated with the visit of the British scientists. Sir Samuel writes with courageous cheerfulness about his recovery from a critical operation. He may preside at the University graduation at the Adelaide Town Hall on Saturday afternoon when distinguished members of the overseas party will be admitted to complimentary degrees. There will be a rousing reception for the Chief lushes when he makes his reappearance on a public platform. The report presented at the annual meeting of the South Australian Law Society, held on Friday evening, expressed gratitude of members of the society at the continued and rapid progress towards recovery of the Chief justice (Sir Samuel Way). The stages of the trying ordeal through which he had passed had been watched with grave anxiety and the profession trusted that His Honor's reward might he such a complete return to health and vigor that he might still further engage upon his already illustrious career in the high judicial office, the duties of which he had proved himself sty eminently qualified to fulfil.



1. Captain Jess -  Carl Herman Jess, born 16 February 1884, was appointed an officer with the 4th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, 30 September 1914. He was married to Mary Jess, who resided at 'Montalto', Miller Street, North Fitzroy, Victoria. He retired from the army as a Brigadier General with the Service Number VP16098. His archival records are maintained in Melbourne.

2.  Maurice Guillaux was an enigma. Click on the link to read his story  on this blog.

Citation: War? What war? The Critic, 5 August 1914 

Posted by Project Leader at 9:18 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 13 June 2008 6:35 PM EADT
Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 13 June 1918
Topic: Diary - Schramm

Diaries of AIF Servicemen

Bert Schramm

13 June 1918


Bert Schramm


2823 Private Herbert Leslie SCHRAMM, a 22 year old Farmer from Whites River, South Australia. He enlisted on 17 February 1916; and at the conclusion of the war Returned to Australia, 10 July 1919.

During part of the course of his military service with the AIF, Bert Schramm kept a diary of his life. Bert was not a man of letters so this diary was produced with great effort on his behalf. Bert made a promise to his sweetheart, Lucy Solley, that he would do so after he received the blank pocket notebook wherein these entries are found. As a Brigade Scout since September 1918, he took a lead part in the September Offensive by the Allied forces in Palestine. Bert's diary entries are placed alongside those of the 9th Light Horse Regiment to which he belonged and to the 3rd Light Horse Brigade to which the 9th LHR was attached. On this basis we can follow Bert in the context of his formation.


The Diaries

The complete diary is now available on the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre Site at:

Bert Schramm Diary

Finding more about a service person. See:

Navigating the National Archives Service File 


Bert Schramm's Handwritten Diary, 10 - 16 June 1918

[Click on page for a larger print version.]


Bert Schramm

Thursday, June 13, 1918

Bert Schramm's Location - Ain Ed Duk, Jordan Valley

Bert Schramm's Diary - Have had a day off today. The weather has been terribly hot. Everything much as usual.


9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Ain Ed Duk, Jordan Valley

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Orders received for relief of 3rd Light Horse Brigade by New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade.

Hank, 2115 Trooper RH, died of illness.

9th LHR AIF War Diary, 13 June



Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924.

No Entry.



Previous: Bert Schramm's Diary, 12 June 1918

Next: Bert Schramm's Diary, 14 June 1918


Sources Used:

Bert Schramm's Diary

National Archives Service File.

Embarkation Roll, AWM8.

Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour

Nominal Roll, AWM133, Nominal Roll of Australian Imperial Force who left Australia for service abroad, 1914-1918 War.


War Diaries and Letters

All War Diaries and letters cited on this site should be read in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy which may be accessed at:

Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, War Diaries and Letters, Site Transcription Policy 


Further Reading:

Bert Schramm Diary

Bert Schramm Diary, Album

Bert Schramm's Photo Album

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, War Diary, Day by Day Account

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Diaries of AIF Servicemen, Bert Schramm, 13 June 1918

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Monday, 30 May 2011 11:44 AM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 13 June
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 13 June

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Saturday, June 13, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.



Sunday, June 13, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Walkers Ridge
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No entry.
3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - Casualties: 9th Light Horse Regiment, Major Cook and two Other Ranks wounded. One man wounded, also 5 men from New Zealand, three Indians and several mules.
Heavily bombarded by enemy's gun from some hours.
Carew Reynell Diary - Absolutely nothing doing. We are still in our rest camp and don't go back to the trenches till Friday. It's to be a fortnight in and a fortnight out. We have had a lot of sickness since coming out of the trenches and the doctors are getting afraid of an outbreak unless we move soon. The Turks pitched a score of shells into our camp yesterday. When the first arrived three Indians were killed and half a dozen mules and I ordered everyone into their dugouts. However, one caught the Quartermaster's dugout and killed his batman and severely wounded the storeman and took top of Daly's helmet off and wounded Major Cook and the Sergeant Cook. Major Cook is doing well I am glad to say. Am sending these of by the RC Padre and hope they will arrive all right. We were treated to another dose of shells this morning - no damage - not even to the Indian Mule Corps.



Tuesday, June 13, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Roadhead Serapeum.
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - The party then proceeded back to the remainder of the Column at No. 1 Tanks and the whole column moved back to a small sam in the Wadi (Sq E.5.). Here trenches were dug to drain the "Lake" and at 1200 the column



Wednesday, June 13, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - El Shellal
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - At 1830 “C” Squadron moved out and crossed the wadi and took over 6 night posts from the 8th Light Horse Regiment.


Thursday, June 13, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Ain Ed Duk
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Orders received for relief of 3rd Light Horse Brigade by New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade.
Hank, 2115 Trooper RH, died of illness.



Friday, June 13, 1919
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Tel el Kebir
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Cricket team of 13 Other Ranks under McDonald, Captain JM, MC, proceeded to Moascar to play 12th Light Horse Regiment returning the same day. Scores: 9th Light Horse Regiment 194, 12th Light Horse Regiment 97.


Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 12 June

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 14 June



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 13 June

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Saturday, 7 August 2010 2:54 PM EADT
Thursday, 12 June 2008
Bugle Calls
Topic: AIF - Misc Topics

The actual bugle call can be activated by clicking onto the link:
  1. Reveille
  2. Cook House
  3. Lights Out
  4. Alarm

 The links lead to bugle calls listed upon the following site:

Routine Bugle Calls for the Infantry and Mounted Infantry in Camp and Quarters 

Citation: Bugle Calls 

Posted by Project Leader at 5:30 PM EADT
Updated: Friday, 13 June 2008 2:32 PM EADT
Changes in Militia Structure, Military Order 2, 1911
Topic: Militia - Military Orders
As the  Kitchener Report of February 1910 plan unfurled itself, problems began to emerge regarding the nature of units, their locations and the ability to service an area with adequate coverage. All the things that happen when theory meets reality. The consequence was a change in some of the formations. This was outlined in Military Order No. 2 of 1911. A copy of the order is reproduced below.

One can see all the initial flaws being ironed out. For example, in South Australia, the removal of Kangarilla from No. 4 Squadron, 17th ALHR (Australian Light Horse Regiment) and its replacement with Morphett Vale in South Australia makes geographical sense. The good men of Kangarilla must have had a dreadful time attempting to parade with the full squadron. There are many other such alterations.

At Ayr in Queensland, it was recognised that there were sufficient men to form half a squadron for the 15th ALHR. Rather than 6th Squadron being confined to two troops from Townsville, Troops 1 and 2, Ayr was given provision to raise a further two troops, they being Troops 3 and 4.

In a larger change, in Victoria the 11th ALHR was split into two new formations, the  11th and 19th ALHRs. This additional regiment forced a change to the Brigade structure which followed in its wake.

With a recognition of a changing world, Electric Companies were increased in size. Such a move reflected the growing demand for electrical facilities upon the new battlefield.


Citation: Changes in Militia Structure, Military Order 2, 1911

Posted by Project Leader at 11:09 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 19 June 2008 6:41 PM EADT

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The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has made every endeavour to contact copyright holders of material digitised for this blog and website and where appropriate, permission is still being sought for these items. Where replies were not received, or where the copyright owner has not been able to be traced, or where the permission is still being sought, the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has decided, in good faith, to proceed with digitisation and publication. Australian Light Horse Studies Centre would be happy to hear from copyright owners at any time to discuss usage of this item.


Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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