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Saturday, 20 September 2008
9th LHR AIF War Diary, September 20
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 20 September

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Sunday, September 20, 1914

See 4th Military District, South Australia for militia activities.



Monday, September 20, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Hill

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - No Entry.



Wednesday, September 20, 1916
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Hod Amara
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 1 Lewis Gun per Squadron issued and 3 teams of 1 NCO and 6 Other Ranks organised.

Routine work. Usual outposts, escorts, etc.



Thursday, September 20, 1917
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Um Urgan
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - “A” Squadron under Parsons, Major HM; and, two troops “B” Squadron moved out 0400 and took up day outpost line - contour 300, 400 Goz el Basal, Khirbit Khaseif, Point 510. Stood to arms 0430.
Commanding Officer visited outpost line.



Friday, September 20, 1918
9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Khirbit Shumrah
9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - At 0100, the Brigade moved north east via Zelefeh es Sumra and at 0500 arrived at Khirbit Shumrah. 5th Cavalry Division had continued their advance forwards along the coastal sand hills and the 4th Cavalry Division preceding the 3rd Light Horse Brigade by about twelve hours had advanced via Zelefeh es Sumra, Khirbit Shumrah [Liktera] to El Lejjun with orders to push on and occupy El Affule and Nazareth. At Khirbit Shumrah railway station about 100 prisoners were observed in charge of Indian escort. Many enemy transport vehicles and animals were abandoned along the road.
From Khirbit Shumrah the 3rd Light Horse Brigade followed the metalled road leading up the valley of the Wadi Ara and past Musmus. Shortly after passing this latter place the road passed over a steep col from the top of which a magnificent panorama of the Plain of Esdraelon with Mount Tabor [Jebel et Tur] and mountains around Nazareth in the background was obtained. Over this same route in 1479 BC King Thotmes III with an army from Egypt forced this same pass. The army opposing him held the line from Tel el Mutesellim [Megiddo] to Tel Ta'annakh.
The Brigade arrived at El Lejjun at 1100, watered fed and off-saddled. Water was very plentiful here and after the hard and fast marching all ranks enjoyed a cool bath and a well earned rest of a few hours. 1,000 prisoners were here, taken by the 4th Cavalry Division.
At 1540 orders received to saddle up and be ready in 1/2 hour to move at six miles an hour and seize all northern exits of Jenin.
At 1630 the Brigade less 8th Light Horse Regiment advanced on Jenin. 10th Light Horse Regiment supplied advanced guard, 9th Light Horse Regiment a troop as nth flank guard. Divisional troops followed in rear. In SqO97M22 a small enemy outpost was captured. From here many burning dumps in Jenin were observed. In Sq O97V13 small parties of enemy were observed on the right flank. These were charged and captured by Cruddas, Lieutenant GF, DCM with troop. These two troops located a large enemy force camped amongst olive groves immediately north east of Kefr Adan. The enemy were so astounded at the sudden appearance of our cavalry in their midst that they were all captured without a shot being fired.
The drawn swords undoubtedly completed their demoralisation. Our troops had a busy ¼ hour rounding up the stragglers which included many Turkish Cavalry. Prisoners when counted amounted to 1800 including many Germans. Over 200 horses and 200 mules and several donkeys.
This did not delay the advance of the Brigade the objective being the northern exits of Jenin. The railway line was crossed at about 1800 and by 1830 the 9th and 10th Light Horse Regiments and 3rd Machine Gun Squadron were astride and holding all the roadways leading northwards from Jenin.
“A” Squadron took up a position in SQ O97V24 a and b. “B” Squadron in Sq O97V23 a and b with Brigade Headquarters in W23a3.6. 10th Light Horse Regiment was on the east of “A” Squadron. “A” Squadron sent out strong patrols north to vicinity of Mukeibeleh. A few prisoners were captured and 29 motor lorries and ambulances were located abandoned on main El Affule - Jenin road. Two motor ambulances, one fitted with a combination dynamo and motor sat also located near “B” Squadron position astride Jenin to El Affule Road.
At 2200 the 9th Light Horse Regiment concentrated at Brigade Headquarters. Masson, Lieutenant GG, with troop remained in position in SQ O97V23. Prisoners were surrendering in large numbers.
Earlier in the evening Charley, Major WT, with “C” Squadron had been detailed to take charge of prisoners. These were being held at a point near where the Jenin - El Lejjun Road crosses the railway.
3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary - About 0130 on 20th September the Brigade moved on for Lejjun the remainder of the Division following. A well defined track was followed as far as Zelefeh es Sumra after which the direction was changed to the north east across country. 10th Light Horse Regiment formed the advance guard. Beidus was reached at 0700, prisoners and material captured by the 4th Cavalry Division being passed on the way. The Brigade pressed on through the hills and through Musmus pass along the good road to El Lejjun, following the same track as that taken by Thotmes III of Egypt when he in 1479 BC moved to attack the King of Kedesh at Megiddo. [Tel el Mutesellim] El Lejjun was reached by the vanguard at 0945. Brigade watered and fed and sent out observation on the high ground about Salim, Brigade had thus marched 51 miles in less than 25 hours. A halt of several hours now took place pending receipt by Desert Mounted Corps of information as to the situation with regard to the 4th and 5th Cavalry Divisions, particularly as to the situation towards Haifa. The necessary information having come to hand being eminently satisfactory, orders were issued to this Brigade [less on regiment] to move on Jenin and capture the hostile fugitives reported to be retreating east and north - east from that place. By 1630 the Brigade [less the 8th Light Horse Regiment left for local protection at El Lejjun] with Notts Battery, Royal Horse Artillery attached was on the move. 10th Light Horse Regiment [Olden, Lieutenant Colonel ACN] with six machine guns were advanced guard, a troop of the 9th Light Horse Regiment as right flank guard. A pace of ten miles per hour was maintained. Near Tarnuk, half way to Jenin a small enemy outpost was captured by the flank guard. As the advance guard approached Jenin, a large enemy force was observed camped amongst the olive groves, immediately north - east of Kefr Adan, The right flank troop of the vanguard under Doig, Lieutenant PWK, immediately charged them with drawn swords. The enemy promptly surrendered. A few minutes afterwards the right flank guard to the main column, [Cruddas, Lieutenant GF, of the 9th Light Horse Regiment] arrived on the scene in support of Doig, Lieutenant PWK, followed shortly afterwards by two more troops of the 9th Light Horse Regiment [McDonald, Lieutenant JM,] sent out from the main body. These additional troops helped to round up the enemy scattered through the olive groves. The enemy was apparently astounded at the sudden appearance of our men. The captures here amounted to 1,800 including many Germans. There was also 400 horses and mules captured. This episode however did not delay the general advance of the column. The Brigade pressed on. The advance guard pushed rapidly on leaving the railway station about half a mile on their right so as to get astride the main road leading north and the route leading east to Beisan. The remainder of the Brigade followed at a fast trot in close support. By 1740 the vanguard had reached Jenin, the remainder of the column with guns was close in rear, thus having marched eleven miles in 70 minutes. By 1800 all northern and eastern exits had been closed. Once astride the roads and railways the 10th Light Horse Regiment turned south and drove back in towards the village and station. By this energetic action the enemy were driven into confusion and our men riding in amongst them with drawn swords made prisoners of about 3,000. It now became dark and pressing on to clear the town our troops were held up by rifle and machine gun fire from a party of Germans concealed in houses and gardens. Later this party tried to break away and there was some confused fighting in the darkness. The Germans were caught by a section of our machine guns [under Bryant, Captain GH] as they tried to break for the road and a number were killed; they then surrendered without further opposition. Prisoners were collected, troops assembled and dispositions made for the night. The left flank troop at the advance guard [Thompson, Lieutenant AWM, MC] captured 27 motor lorries near Burkina. A strong patrol of the 9th Light Horse Regiment was sent north to the vicinity of Mukeibeleh, near where they located an abandoned motor convoy of 29 vehicles.
The 10th Light Horse Regiment moved through the town took up a position across the main road from Nablus, where it comes through the pass about one mile south of Jenin.
Patterson, Lieutenant RRW, with his sub section of 3rd Machine Gun Squadron was sent to support them but in the poor light, got ahead of the squadron that they were to join.
Some little distance down the Nablus road at about 2100 they saw a large body of enemy approaching in the moonlight - 2,800 in fact with four guns. The Officer thought it rather a big order for his troop of 23 to take on, but his Corporal, [George, Lance Corporal B], preferred the advice that it was safer to bluff it out than retire. The Officer agreed. He put a burst of machine gun fire over the heads of the leading troops and called upon them to surrender. At first they demurred. It was their first suspicion that there were any hostile troops in front of them. In fact the Germans afterwards railed against the Turks for the latter's failure to keep them posted as to the situation. But the Turks themselves were equally ignorant. This column now found itself in a narrow gorge, wide enough for the road only, with steep hills on either side, over which single men could climb with difficulty. They were aware that they were being followed from the south. Their advance was blocked by a party of enemy whose, strength they could not gauge in the moonlight. Machine gun bullets were whistling over their heads to expedite their decision. There was at the head of the column a German nurse who spoke English fluently. Patterson, Lieutenant RRW, told her that there was an overwhelming force just to his rear. She passed his information on and after a short conference between the enemy leaders, the whole party surrendered.
The night passed without further incident, but every available man was employed collecting prisoners and material and in holding the approaches. Over 8,000 prisoners, including many officers of high rank, five guns, numerous machine guns, two aeroplane and a vast amount of material and booty of all descriptions had been captured, including a war chest wagon loaded with gold and silver coin. Much material was burned by the enemy, his dumps and aerodrome with 24 aeroplanes burning fiercely all night. Many of the Turkish and German Officer prisoners admitted being taken completely by surprise at our unexpected appearance at the northern exits of Jenin, stating that they thought we must have landed at - Haifa, never believing it possible that we could have made such rapid progress up the coast.



Saturday, September 20, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.



Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 19 September

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 21 September



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 20 September

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 16 September 2010 10:22 AM EADT
Friday, 19 September 2008
7th Light Horse
Topic: Militia - LH

1st Australian Light Horse 1903-12, then renamed 7th Light Horse

New South Wales Lancers

 Tenax in Fide - Steadfast in Trust

Allied with King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment).

See: Twinning Regiments, MO 209, 1910  


Hat badge for the New South Wales Lancers

Collar badge for the New South Wales Lancers



Below is a brief historical outline from RK Peacock, Evolution of Australian Light Horse Regiments 1841-1935,  Unpublished MSS, c.1936, p. 1. 

In the year 1884 a troop of Cavalry was formed in Sydney designated the Sydney Cavalry Troop. The following year saw this troop under the title "Sydney Light Horse (Sydney Lancers) from this small unit has sprung the present 1st Light Horse Regiment (New South Wales Lancers). During the year 1893 this arm of Mounted Troops was styled New South Wales Lancers and carried on as such until the year 1903.

On the Federal reorganization of 1903 the regiment had Squadrons at the following places; No. 1 Squadron, Sydney; No. 2 Squadron, Parramatta; No. 3 Squadron, Berry; and No. 6 Squadron at Richmond and Windsor. These Squadrons retained their identity and became the 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment (New South Wales Lancers). At the time of this reorganization there also existed a 1/2 Squadron of Lancers at Newcastle, Maitland and Singleton, these, however, were formed into the 4th. A.L.H. Regiment (16th L.H.).

A further change in the nomenclature of the regiment was made in 1912 when it became the 7th. Light Horse (New South Wales Lancers) a title it held until 1918 when it reverted to 1st Light Horse (New South Wales Lancers).

On the introduction of Divisional organization in 1921 the regiment with part of the then 6th Light Horse carried on under the title 1st. Light Horse (New South Wales Lancers). In 1929 the regiment became linked with the 21st. Light Horse Regiment and was styled 1st/21st. Light Horse Regiment.

The title of "Royal" was conferred on the regiment by King George V in 1935 and the individual unit was then now known as 1st Light Horse (Royal New South Wales Lancers).


7th Light Horse (New South Wales Lancers)


Honorary Colonel - The Right Honorable CR Marquis of Lincolnshire, PC, KG, GCMG.

Head-Quarters (less Signallers) - Parramatta

Commanding Officer - Major RC Mackenzie, Tenure of command from 1 October 1911 to 30 September 1916
Adjutant - Honorary Lieutenant GE Morris, AIS, 1 April 1913
Quartermaster - Captain LD Phillips
Medical Officer - Captain Piero Fiaschi
Captain Ernest Alfred Blow, Area Officer Nowra
Captain LD Phillips, 9 December 1912, supernumerary

Signallers - Sydney


Machine Gun Section - Sydney

Second Lieutenant TR Williams

"A" Squadron -


Captain Hugh Venables Vernon
Lieutenant J Milling
Second Lieutenant Edward Dryland Hordern
Second Lieutenant FC Jordan
Second Lieutenant Burdett Philip Nettleton, 28 February 1913
Second Lieutenant Alfred Roy Hordern, 28 February 1913
Second Lieutenant Edwin Stanley Sutton, 28 February 1913


"B" Squadron -


Major FE Stowe, 1 October 1912
Lieutenant Wallace Cox
Second Lieutenant Keith Leslie Mackenzie
Second Lieutenant Frank Birkbeck Jacob
Second Lieutenant N Anderson, 28 February 1913


"C" Squadron -

Windsor (A Troop),

Penrith (B Troop), and

Luddenham (C Troop and D Troop)

Captain ER Walker, 23 December 1912
Second Lieutenant HFR Dunston
Second Lieutenant CS Woodhouse
Second Lieutenant WH Hooney


The number of men who went onto serve with the AIF after the declaration of war is highlighted by the links to the individual service files of each man who enlisted or was commissioned. Click on the link and the service file held by the National Archives will open for that particular individual.


Further Reading:

For the New South Wales Light Horse Militia establishment, see:

Light Horse structure 1903

1903 Reorganisation, New South Wales

Light Horse structure 1914

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 1

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 2

Individual Light Horse Regiments, see:

4th (New South Wales Northern Rivers Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

4th Light Horse

5th (New England Light Horse) Australian Light Horse Regiment

5th Light Horse

6th (Hunter River Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

6th Light Horse

7th (New South Wales Lancers) Australian Light Horse Regiment

7th Light Horse

9th (New South Wales Mounted Rifles) Australian Light Horse Regiment

9th Light Horse 

11th (Australian Horse) Australian Light Horse Regiment

11th Light Horse 

28th (Illawarra) Australian Light Horse Regiment

28th Light Horse 

Peacetime and Wartime Regimental Establishments, see:

Peace establishment of Australian Light Horse, 1903-14 

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, see:

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 1

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 2

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 3

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 4

2nd Military District Staff Roster and Allocations, 1914, Part 5

For 1914 Infantry, Artillery and other service arms distribution, see:

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 3

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 4

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 5

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 6 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 7 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 8 

Militia Distribution in Australia, 1914, 2nd Military District, Part 9 


Additional reference:

RK Peacock, Evolution of Australian Light Horse Regiments 1841-1935,  Unpublished MSS, c.1936. 


Citation: 7th Light Horse

Posted by Project Leader at 6:59 PM EADT
Updated: Tuesday, 23 September 2008 9:00 PM EADT
Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 34
Topic: Wp - Hotchkiss PMG

The following weeks will see the various pages from the Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook, the official manual issued by the company for the use of troops in the field. The Hotchkiss Gun was introduced in the Light Horse formations during the early months of 1917. The introduction of this robust and portable gun gave the Light Horse Regiments additional mobile fire power which considereably added to their ability to sustain light combat situations and defend against vastly numerically superior forces. Apart from being an excellent weapon, it was in much demand by the Turkish forces who considered the capture of a Hotchkiss Gun well worth any risks involved in the process. This is a manual produced in 1917 and illustrates the method by which the Hotchkiss Gun was packed and moved throughout the Palestine campaign.

Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 34

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Citation: Hotchkiss Portable Machine Gun Handbook - Page 34

Posted by Project Leader at 9:10 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 19 September 2008 9:16 AM EADT
Colonel Husnu, Yildirim, Page 74
Topic: Tk - Bks - Yildirim

Another entry from the book written by Lieutenant Colonel Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir, called Yildirim. Every day, one page of the book will be posted. This is Page 74.

Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 74.

[Click on page for a larger print version.]

Citation: Colonel Hüsnü, Yildirim, Page 74

Posted by Project Leader at 8:55 AM EADT
Updated: Friday, 19 September 2008 9:18 AM EADT
596 Private Arthur Ernest Anderson
Topic: AIF - 1B - 2 LHR

596 Private Arthur Ernest Anderson, 2nd Light Horse Regiment, "C" Squadron

596 Private Arthur Ernest Anderson


Thomas Buckley, a brief military biography from The AIF Project:

Arthur Ernest ANDERSON
Regimental number596
ReligionChurch of England
AddressMacrossan Street, Ravenswood, North Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Next of kinMother, Mrs. Otto Anderson, Macrossan Street, Ravenswood, North Queensland
Enlistment date22 August 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll22 August 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name2nd Light Horse Regiment, C Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/7/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A15 Star Of England on 24 September 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll2nd Light Horse Regiment
FateKilled in Action 14 May 1915
Date of death14 May 1915
Age at death from cemetery records22
Place of burialQuinn's Post Cemetery (Row D, Grave No. 3), Gallipoli, Turkey
Roll of HonourPanel number 3, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Nils and Martha ANDERSON, Ravenswood, Queensland
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Lest we forget


Citation: 596 Private Arthur Ernest Anderson

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EADT
Updated: Thursday, 18 September 2008 5:39 PM EADT

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