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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

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Saturday, 29 November 2008
Events effecting soldier's pay and pay book
Topic: AIF - Misc Topics

The administration of Soldiers' pay consumed much time and effort in the AIF. The system was complex and required much care and attention to be devoted to maintaining the correct position of the pay book. The following sheet was an instruction issued by AIF Headquarters in Egypt for all units and formations that controlled the entries in the pay book.


"STAFF PAY OFFICE" Directive on Pay Book Notations

[Click on document for larger version.]

Below is a transcription of this important document.



The following notes relating to the Financial arrangements of the Australian Imperial Force are published for information:

1. All casualties affecting Soldiers' Pay should appear in Battalion etc. Orders Part II, which must be issued and numbered separately and consecutively.

2. When punishments, promotions, reductions, etc., are published in Orders the Company etc., Number, Rank, and Name of the Soldier should be distinctly stated. In cases of Absence without Leave, the exact period of absence should he shown, and in cases of Detention the amount of pay forfeited.

3. Absence without leave for six consecutive hours or more out of 24 entails a forfeiture of one day's pay, and similarly absence from a duly which is thereby thrown on some other person.

4. Absence without leave, Detention, Field Punishment, necessarily entail Forfeiture of Pay, and no discretion is 'given to the Commanding Officer whether or not to enforce wholly or partly the forfeiture (see Army Act Section 138 and Nose 2 thereon). This forfeiture extends to the whole day's pay (irrespective of whatever Allotment may have been made or what amount is being actually issued to the Soldier), and the amount thereof exclusive of deterred pay only must be entered in Cash Column of Soldier's Pay Book and signed by O. C. Company.


"B" Co. 246 Pte. Smith, J. H. Absent without leave 10 p.m. 18. 2. 15 to 11 p. m. 20. 2. 15. Awarded 4 days detention.


Forfeiture 2 days absence 10/-, 4 days detention 20/-, Total 30/-.
(Deduction of amounts forfeited from Deferred Pay will be assessed on closing Soldier's account).

5. All Casualties affecting Pay must be entered immediately in Soldier's Pay Book. In case of Promotion or Reduction, Pay Book must be forwarded as soon as possible to Stall Pay Office for amendment and certification.

6. Fines. Attention is directed to Army Act, Sec. 44, Note. 18.
These are not authorised to be imposed for any offence except Drunkenness, and cannot exceed if imposed by a court martial one pound, or if imposed by a commanding officer ten shillings.

7. Venereal Disease. No pay will be issued while abroad for any period of absence from duty on account of Venereal Disease. Dates of admission to and discharge from Hospital must be shown in Part II Orders. The amount of pay withheld is to be entered in Soldier's Pay Book.

8. Allotments. No new Allotments can be made unless necessitated by change of rank, family distress, or by married men having failed to make provision for their wives and children as required by A. I. F. Orders.


Following rules should be observed regarding these:-

1. Actual date of payment most be inserted in each Roll.

2. Each Roll is to bear one Number only.

3. Such signatures as "Brown" or "Brown A. W," are incorrect, and cannot be admitted.

4. Imprest Holders only are entitled to sign certificate at foot of Roll.

5. The total amount acquitted is to he shown at end of each Roll. Amounts unpaid are to be deleted and excluded from total aquittance.

6. Fractions of pence are not admitted.

7. Any alteration to amount of cash advanced to Soldier is to be initialled by Payee. All other alterations are to be initialled by Officer signing Certificate.

8. Erasures are prohibited under any circumstances.

9. No Fines or Forfeitures should appear on Acquittance Rolls which should show the exact nest coot received by the Soldier only.

10. Names on Acquittance Rolls should be In same order as in Nominal Rolls.

11. Rolls may be furnished in ink or indelible pencil. Black lead pencil must not be used.

A. G. FARR, Major


Citation: Events effecting soldier's pay and pay book

Posted by Project Leader at 11:04 PM EAST
Updated: Saturday, 29 November 2008 11:05 PM EAST
Australian Imperial Forces, Marching Songs, For an Empire Beloved - EA Henty
Topic: AIF - Marching Songs

Australian Imperial Forces

Marching Songs

For an Empire Beloved - EA Henty


When the 1st Contingent of the AIF arrived in Egypt, the latest patriotic song arrived from England. It was printed by the AIF press for distribution amongst all the troops at Mena Camp. It is difficult to ascertain the popularity of this song at the time. Considering that this song has no recorded history, it is possible that its lyrics did not reach out to the common AIF man. It is difficult to imagine a Battalion of sweating AIF men marching out of Mena Camp singing this air to the cadence of the stamping feet. Since it was deemed important enough for the commanding officers to order its printing, it is included in the selection of songs sung by the AIF. 


For an Empire Beloved

Words by EA Henty (Mrs Edward Starkey)

Over the Seas the loveliest thoughts are winging
And sons of the Empire are coming, coming soon,
For a Motherland is calling, and hearts go out to King and Country,
As somewhere a band is playing an old familiar tune:
'Tis, "The girl I left behind me," but she's proud to help old England,
Tho' oceans roll behind her man just gone,
She'll wait, and listen patient and keep a fair face bravely smiling-
A true daughter of the Empire bred and born.
'Tis near Springtime in Australia, with the night air wattle scented
'Neath Southern Cross as fairest flowers unfold;
Or in further Northern Country there are misty days of Autumn
When God's touches turn the maples to a world of red and gold.
Can you hear them? They are coming, and the loyal hearts are beating,
'Neath dusky starlit Heavens from radiant lands in Tropic's glow,
With green palm leaves softly waving and bamboo rustling gently,
Wood by night winds in hushed silence, as they softly come and go.

Stalwart men with grave-set faces -
Proud and splendid Sons of Empire - bronzed and brown,
Who hear the Homeland needs them, they're coming, surely, swiftly,
Prom palace, city, land, and little town,
Strong to help a dear old Country - who has herself helped them
To do for her whate'er her needs decree;
And Britons will remember deeply grateful,
And thank their sons thro' all the years to be.

So over the world I seem to hear them coming,
And willing hands are stretched across the Sea,
While a Motherland is waiting and her children hope for peace with honour,
As they come each one to set her free.
'Tis for an Empire beloved where truth and justice temper mercy
And tho' troubles may assail them, for her each heart's afire,
And we too must hope and welcome these our kindred,
And pray God give each man who does his duty - just his heart's desire.

Tang Hall, York.
(From: The Yorkshire Post.)



Further Reading:

AIF Marching Songs

Australian Light Horse

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Australian Imperial Forces, Marching Songs, For an Empire Beloved - EA Henty

Posted by Project Leader at 8:30 PM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 12 May 2011 6:06 PM EADT
Australian Imperial Forces, Marching Songs, Finding the Australian National Song
Topic: AIF - Marching Songs

Australian Imperial Forces

Marching Songs

Finding the Australian National Song



Words by Arthur H Adams, Music by Theodore Tourrier

[From the Queenslander,  29 August 1914, p. 30.]


During 1914, the Musical Association of New South Wales conducted an international competition to produce the quintessential Australian National Song. To add to the creative pool, a prize of £100 was offered.  Over the competition period, some 558 entries were received from within Australia and overseas. The winning lyrics were written by Arthur Henry Adams, the well known editor of the Sydney Sun. These were then set to a musical arrangement and the winner of that segment was Theodore John Tourrier, of Glenferrie, Victoria.


An online version of the published edition by Beale & Co, price 4/- is available here  at the Australian National Library Digital collection.



Vast the heritage we held,
League on endless league unrolled,
Splashed with sun and wattle fold.
God's demesne, Australia.

Great our opportunity,
Greater must our courage be
For our race we hold in fee
God's demesne, Australia.

Sons of those who won the sea,
Of Imperial blood are we;
Ours the Country of the free
God's demesne, Australia

Freedom for our onward Stride
Wide our continent, and wide
Are the faiths and hopes that guide
God's demesne, Australia.

Though begirt with guardian seas,
Not in careless, slothful ease
Shall we shield thy liberties,
God's demesne, Australia

Loyal scions of our race.
Ready chance and change to face
We shall die, but ne'er disgrace
God's demesne, Australia.



Further Reading:

AIF Marching Songs

Australian Light Horse

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Australian Imperial Forces, Marching Songs, Finding the Australian National Song

Posted by Project Leader at 11:26 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 12 May 2011 6:11 PM EADT
Australian Imperial Forces, Marching Songs, Marching Song of the AIF, September 1914
Topic: AIF - Marching Songs

Australian Imperial Forces

Marching Songs

Writing the AIF Marching Song



[To be sung to the tune of "Marching through Georgia"]


Writing the AIF Marching Song

When the AIF's 1st Contingent was preparing to embark, someone hurriedly penned the following song in an effort to give a patriotic flavour to the Australians going overseas, something that was a bit more than Tipperary which was the only popular marching song available at the time. The song that emerged was printed off and distributed to all the troops anticipating the day they sailed to Britain. The aim was to have Australian troops thoroughly inculcated with this distinctly Australian song that the AIF would be instantly recognisable in the foreign lands.

It is hoped that this song, which is characteristic of our country, will be adopted by the Australian Troops and sung on the march, gatherings, etc.

Copies have been distributed to all Australian Transports.



[Click here for midi file "Marching Through Georgia" sequenced by Benjamin R. Tubb]


Verse 1.

Pull yourselves together, boys, we're marching to the front,
Off to join the British Tommies in a little hunt,
Kaiser Bill will have to leave his sauerkraut and shunt;
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.



Cooee, Cooee, here come the kangaroos,
Cooee, Cooee, we never get the blues,
When we're marching home again,
We'll bring the beat of news
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.


Verse 2.

Boys we are who've gathered right from Darwin to the Bight,
Boys from Kosciusko where the snow is always white,
Boys from Oodnadatta, and we all know how to fight,
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.




Verse 3.

Fellows right from Ballarat and right from Bendigo,
Fellows right from Coogee where the breezes always blow,
Fellows right from Bunbury and Launceston; what ho:
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.




Verse 4.

When we join the Britishers we'll sing God. save the King,
When we join the Frenchman then the Marseillaise we'll sing,
When we join the Belgians we will dance a Highland Fling,
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.




Verse 5.

When the camp fire's burning through the watches of the night,
And we yarn together as we set our pipes alight,
Then we'll think of pretty lips and eyes that shine so bright,
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.




Verse 6.

Though we travel many thousand miles across the foam,
Though in distant countries with our guns we have to roam
We can ne'er forget that old Australia is our home,
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.




Verse 7.

Pretty girls who smile at us in other lands we'll find,
Girls who sing and girls who dance and girls of every kind   
None can hold a candle to the girls we leave behind,
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.




Verse 8.

England is our Motherland, we're vary proud to say,
England puts her trust in us, a trust we'll ne'er betray,
If she fights we'll fight with her until, she wins the day,
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.




Verse 9.

We are fighting laddies and we do not care to boast,
But we mean to help to smash the mighty German host,
We'll catch Kaiser William and we'll serve him up on toast
Cooee my boys for dear Australia.





Further Reading:

AIF Marching Songs

Australian Light Horse

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: Australian Imperial Forces, Marching Songs, Marching Song of the AIF, September 1914

Posted by Project Leader at 10:43 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 12 May 2011 6:20 PM EADT
9th LHR AIF War Diary, 29 November
Topic: AIF - 3B - 9 LHR

9th LHR, AIF

9th Light Horse Regiment

War Diary, 29 November

Pro Gloria et Honore - For Glory and Honour

Regimental March -  Marching Through Georgia



The following entries are extracted and transcribed from the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, the originals of which are held by the Australian War Memorial. There are 366 entries on this site. Each day has entries as they occurred from 1914 to 1919. In addition to the 9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary, when appropriate, entries from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade War Diary and other regiments with the Brigade will also appear. Entries from the unit history, Darley, TH, With the Ninth Light Horse in the Great War, Adelaide, Hassell Press, 1924 will also appear from time to time. The aim is to give the broadest context to the story and allow the reader to follow the day to day activities of the regiment. If a relative happened to have served in the regiment during the Great War, then this provides a general framework in which the individual story may be told.


The Diary



Sunday, November 29, 1914

9th Light Horse Regiment Location -  Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria. 

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Organising, training and equipping of troops.

See: Broadmeadows 1909



Monday, November 29, 1915

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Rhododendron Spur

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary -  0400, 1100 Private CW Collins, A Squadron killed while observing in Kidd Sap. Bullet in head. These two casualties prove that the snipers were using the snow on the parados as a background. Snow ceased to fall today but the north wind was terrific and freezing.



Wednesday, November 29, 1916

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Bir el Malha

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Duty Regiment. Send patrol to Hill 316. Two patrols [1130 and 1900] to meet with 1st Light Horse Brigade at Bir el Zoabatia. Two, day observation posts undertaken by the Regiment. C Squadron takes over night outpost line at 1700 from 8th Light Horse Regiment.



Thursday, November 29, 1917

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Barfiliya.

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - 0500 Arrived at Innaba, thence to Berfilya arriving 0630. Orders received were to gain touch with 52nd Division and 54th Division. Freebairn, Lieutenant DT, with patrol was sent forward to gain touch and at 0900 returned reporting mission fulfilled.

At 1530 Regiment moved to 1/2 mile south of El Burj where horses were handed over - one man to every four horses and at 1700 the led horses with Ragless, Captain BB; and, two officers per Squadron left for Khirbit Deiran. Daly, Major TJ, returned in charge of Brigade led horses. A Echelon remained in hills with dismounted portion of the Regiment, also 23 pack animals, CO's and Adjutant's chargers.

At 1845 the Regiment dismounted 223 strong, moved up and took over the front line J27 and J14 central from 4th Royal Scots and 4th Royal Scottish Fusiliers. Regimental Command Post established at a point ½ mile west of El Burj.

Relief completed by 2200. Enemy fairly active during the night from south of Shilta. A Squadron were in Square J21. B Squadron J20 and C Squadron J20a. C Squadron unable to touch up with 54th Division of infantry on the left.

At 2400 one troop of Gloucester Yeomanry was attached to this regiment and put into the line 800 yards on the left of C Squadron. Owing to the hilly and rocky nature of the country, patrolling very difficult.



Friday, November 29, 1918

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Mejdelaya, Tripoli

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - One troop C Squadron proceeded to beach to swim. Ragless, Captain BB; and, Shelley, Captain JE, were appointed Regimental Representatives AIF educational scheme.



Saturday, November 29, 1919

9th Light Horse Regiment Location - Adelaide

9th Light Horse Regiment War Diary - Regiment disbanded.



Previous: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 28 November

Next: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 30 November



See: 9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Contents
Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, AIF War Diaries of the Great War, Site Transcription Policy


Further Reading:

9th Light Horse Regiment AIF

Bert Schramm Diary

9th Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour 

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920


Citation: 9th LHR AIF War Diary, 29 November

Posted by Project Leader at 1:01 AM EAST
Updated: Monday, 20 September 2010 11:06 AM EADT

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A note on copyright

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre is a not for profit and non profit group whose sole aim is to write the early history of the Australian Light Horse from 1900 - 1920. It is privately funded and the information is provided by the individuals within the group and while permission for the use of the material has been given for this site for these items by various donors, the residual and actual copyright for these items, should there be any, resides exclusively with the donors. The information on this site is freely available for private research use only and if used as such, should be appropriately acknowledged. To assist in this process, each item has a citation attached at the bottom for referencing purposes.

Please Note: No express or implied permission is given for commercial use of the information contained within this site.

A note to copyright holders

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has made every endeavour to contact copyright holders of material digitised for this blog and website and where appropriate, permission is still being sought for these items. Where replies were not received, or where the copyright owner has not been able to be traced, or where the permission is still being sought, the Australian Light Horse Studies Centre has decided, in good faith, to proceed with digitisation and publication. Australian Light Horse Studies Centre would be happy to hear from copyright owners at any time to discuss usage of this item.


Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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