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"At a mile distant their thousand hooves were stuttering thunder, coming at a rate that frightened a man - they were an awe inspiring sight, galloping through the red haze - knee to knee and horse to horse - the dying sun glinting on bayonet points..." Trooper Ion Idriess

The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre aims to present an accurate history as chroniclers of early Australian military developments from 1899 to 1920.

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Contact: Australian Light Horse Studies Centre

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Friday, 9 January 2009
The Battle of Rafa, Sinai, 9 January 1917, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour
Topic: AIF - 1B - 3 LHR

The Battle of Rafa

Sinai, 9 January 1917

3rd Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

 

Poppies on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

 

The Roll of Honour contains the names of all the men from the 3rd Light Horse Regiment, AIF known to have given their lives during the Battle of Rafa, Palestine, 9 January 1917.

 

Roll of Honour 

 

Murray Charles BAX, Died of Wounds, 10 January 1917.

Charles Pryor BENNETT, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Allen Christopher BOLT, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Stanley Ernest BOWYER, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Roy William BROWN, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

 

John William DAWSON, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

William DONNELLAN, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

 

Clive ROBERTS, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

Ernest Arthur ROGERS, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

 

Cecil Helary SINCLAIR, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

 

Tom Braithwaite TAYLOR, Killed in Action, 9 January 1917.

 

Lest We Forget

 

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Regiment, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

The Battle of Rafa, Sinai, 9 January 1917

The Battle of Rafa, Sinai, 9 January 1917, Roll of Honour

The Palestine Campaign, 1917 - 1918

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle of Rafa, Sinai, 9 January 1917, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour


Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Thursday, 27 January 2011 9:43 AM EAST
Tuesday, 23 December 2008
The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, 3rd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account
Topic: AIF - 1B - 3 LHR

The Battle of Magdhaba

Sinai, 23 December 1916

3rd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account

 

War Diary account of the 3rd LHR, AIF.

 

The transcription:

 

23 December 1916

 
The Regt moved at the trot on the southern side of the Bde, and continued in this position under the fire of the enemy’s mountain battery. One troops was sent out at the gallop to act as ground scouts, and discovered impassable ground in front. Sections left was ordered and the Regt followed in rear of the Bde until the bad ground was passed and then resumed its position on the right of the line. The bde then came under machine gun fire from the enemies trenches and orders were received to move to the right into the bed of the wadi. This was done over very broken ground. This Regt was then ordered to move down the wadi dismounted and was distributed as follows: C Sqdn on the north side of the wadi, B Sqdn in bed of wadi, A Sqdn on south side of wadi, with two machine guns on either flank. I reported all in position and moving at 11.20. Instructions were received that the ICC were on the left of this Regt at 11.35. The advance was continued very slowly on account of the difficult nature of the ground and the difficulty of men handling the machine guns. Cross fire from the enemy trenches down the wadi was difficult to locate and progress was difficult until these were definitely located. Word was sent back to the Mountain Battery giving the exact position of the enemy’s redoubts and after these were shelled a more rapid advance was made to the fork of the wadi. At this point A Sqdn on the right were in a position to bring cross fire onto No 1 Redoubt. At 12.44 word was received that on Sqdn of 2nd Regt was coming up on my right and they moved a considerable distance round and joined up with the 3rd Bde. At 1300 this Regt was in first position. Two more machine guns joined up at this point and when all were in position to afford cover fire an advance across the fork of the wadi was made. At 1330 C and B Sqdns were half way across and the ICC covering their advance with the machine guns. The first white flag was hoisted at this time but they still continued firing. Bayonets were then fixed and a rush made and No 1 Redoubt taken at 1340. Their trenches were then occupied and the machine guns hurried up to this position and fire brought to bear on No 2 Redoubt. The ICC [two Coys or part of 2 Coys no 1 & 2] reinforced on the left of C Sqdn. A Sqdn on the south of the wadi then gained considerable ground and C & B Sqdns with the ICC then pushed straight at No 2 Redoubt and took it with the bayonet and were joined by A Sqdn and one troop of 2nd Regt on the left of A. This redoubt fell about 1600 and No 3 about 1620. There was no further determined resistance and the wounded were gathered into groups and small fires lit at dusk to show their position in order to aid collecting.

 

Roll of Honour

Mervyn Stafford BLYTH

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Regiment, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

The Battle of Magdhaba

The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, Roll of Honour, Australia and New Zealand

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, 3rd LHR, AIF, War Diary Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 11 November 2009 4:50 PM EAST
The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, 3rd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account
Topic: AIF - 1B - 3 LHR

The Battle of Magdhaba

Sinai, 23 December 1916

3rd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

 

Frank M Blackwell and DR Douglas produced a unit history in 1950 called The Story of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment. This story  included a section specifically related to the Battle of Magdhaba and extracted below.

Blackwell, FM, The Story of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, (Adelaide 1950), pp. 77 - 80:


MAGHDABA

At 5.30 p.m. on the 22nd December the Regiment left camp (less one troop detailed to act as camel escort) and concentrates with the Brigade about a mile from the camp area until the rations arrived. The troops were not aware of the reasons and, as usual, had no idea whether the waiting time would be 3 minutes or 3 hours. They had had no evening meal, and it was only after much loss of time that those sections who were fortunate enough to have the remnants of a Jam, or milk case, decided to take a risk and boil up the quart.

The writer can well remember seen over twenty quart pots jostling for a place around a tiny fire of his making and seeing his own and section pots being edged outwards into the cold. As was often the case the tricky ones came to the boil to correspond with the order 'Get ready to mount.' The same circumstances had occurred often before, but on that occasion, if darkness had not been a cover, the desert air would have been a deeper shade of blue.

All through the whole campaign firewood for the troops was a problem, as the wood on issue was Only suitable for fixed camps and it wad a credit to the ingenuity and resourcefulness of the men that, somehow or other they always got their quart pots of tea made during the marches.

It was not until 12.30 a.m. that the Brigade proceeded to the divisional rendezvous, a point two miles north west of El Magdhaba, which was known to be occupied by a Turkish force.

At 10.20 a.m. the Regiment moved off with the Brigade and advanced across an open flat on the south the telegraph line which ran from El Arish to Magdhaba. The enemy artillery came into action while this movement was in progress, during which the Regiment was on the flank. One troop was sent out at the gallop to act as ground scouts, but found impassable ground in front, and "sections left" was ordered. The 3rd Light Horse Regiment followed in rear Of the Brigade until better ground was encountered and then resumed its position on the right of the line. The enemy now brought his machine guns into action, and although the range could not be classed as effective it was sufficient to cause a change of direction.

Orders were received to move to the right and take advantage of the cover which was provided in the wadi. It was an ideal place in which to leave the horses and the Regiment moved along the wadi dismounted, "B" Squadron being in the centre, "A" Squadron to the south, and "C" Squadron on the north side of the wadi, with two machine guns on their flank. All troops were in position by 11.20 a.m., and the advance toward the enemy's position commenced.

The Turks were strongly entrenched and held a line of redoubts across the wadi, in the midst of which were a few scattered buildings. The enemy strength was estimated at 1,500.

Up to midday the time factor necessary for complete success had not been fully realized, and the advance of all units, after allowance for the broken and difficult ground, had been slow.

It was also difficult to locate the exact position of the enemy trenches from which fire was being directed on the attackers. Ultimately these were definitely located and shelled, and a more rapid advance wad made to the fork of the wadi.

"A" Squadron, on the right, was able to direct fire upon No. 1 redoubt, but the assistance they should have got from a Squadron of the 2nd Light Horse was not forthcoming, This unit having gone too far to the right where joined the 3rd Brigade.

With all machine guns in position to give covering fire an advance was made across the fork of the wadi. At 1.30 p.m. "B" and "C" Squadrons were halfway across and being covered by the fire from guns of the Imperial Camel Corps.

A white flag was noticed at this time in the enemy trenches. Bayonets were fixed and a charge made on No. 1 redoubt which was soon captured. The enemy then switched their fire on to this position, which caused many casualties to the prisoners and little to our men.

The machine guns closely followed the dismounted troops and gave valuable assistance from No. 1 redoubt until No. 2 redoubt was subdued by the combined efforts the three squadrons, assisted by two companies of the Camel Corps. This was at 4 o'clock. Fire was then concentrated on No. 3 redoubt to assist the attacking Regiment the 2nd Light Horse, and the post was finally subdued at 4.20 p.m.

During the last phase "B" Squadron had also taken the water supply without opposition. There was no further determined resistance and as dusk was already falling all speed and every effort was directed to the collection of the wounded in small groups, necessitated by the scattered nature of the attack. At each group a fire was lit for the guidance of the ambulances, an officer and four men being detailed to assist them as guides.

The enemy prisoners captured by the Regiments numbering some 50 officers and 234 other ranks, also needed sorting out and attention. The Regiment then reformed and the horses, having been collected, a move was made to where the Engineers had erected the necessary facilities for watering. It was well after 9 p.m. when the ride back to El Arish commenced.

It was a ride ever afterwards remembered by those who participated, as it was the second night without sleep, and the intervening day had been hard and strenuous with practically little to eat and drink and, in fact no time for either.

The flat and loose ground between El Arish and Magdhaba, limited in width, had already been churned up by the hooves of thousands of horses, and this return journey, with Columns Of troops riding in parallel formation, was made in a cloud of fine dust.

It was one of those rare occasions when there was little talking or smoking in the ranks. One thing only was required, sleep, and plenty of it. Scores of men had intermittent naps, of long and short duration, and often awoke to find themselves in a different troop, but the horses plodded faithfully on, and no doubt helping to keep the formation with their mates of the horse lines.

In after days many men admitted to having had strange illusions of seeing houses and hearing the barking of dogs while considering themselves awake.

Camp was finally reached at El Arish at 7 a.m. on the 24th, and the balance of the day was spent in a doubly well-earned rest, not disturbed in the slightest by the dropping of a few bombs some little distance from the camp area and some machine gun fire from the enemy aircraft.

 

Further Reading:

3rd Light Horse Regiment, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, Roll of Honour

The Battle of Magdhaba

The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, Roll of Honour, Australia and New Zealand

Battles where Australians fought, 1899-1920

 


Citation: The Battle of Magdhaba, Sinai, December 23, 1916, 3rd LHR, AIF, Unit History Account

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Sunday, 22 November 2009 12:40 PM EAST
Sunday, 9 November 2008
3rd LHR, Roll of Honour, Charles Ernest Bagot
Topic: AIF - 1B - 3 LHR

3rd LHR, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

Charles Ernest Bagot

 

Charles Ernest Bagot's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

Charles Ernest Bagot

Service number: 263

Rank: Trooper [Tpr]

Unit: 3rd Light Horse Regiment

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 9 November 1915

Cause of death: Died of wounds

Cemetery or memorial details: Lone Pine Memorial, Turkey

War Grave Register notes: BAGOT, Tpr. Charles Ernest, 263. 3rd Light Horse Regt. Died of wounds at sea 9th Nov., 1915. 3.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army.

 

A brief military biography of Charles Ernest Bagot from The AIF Project:

Regimental number263
Place of birthOodnadatta, South Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationStudent
Address30 Marlborough Street, St. Peters, Adelaide, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Height5' 11.5"
Weight168 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs. A. Bagot, 30 Marlborough Street, College Park, Adelaide, South Australia
Previous military serviceCadets
Enlistment date19 August 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll19 August 1914
Place of enlistmentMorphettville, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name3rd Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/8/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board  HMAT A17 Port Lincoln on 22 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll3rd Light horse Regiment
FateDied of wounds 9 November 1915
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 7), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
3
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Proceeded to join Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 9 May 1915; to hospital, Monash Valley, Gallipoli, 3 July 1915; admitted to No 2 Stationary Hospital, Mudros, 3 July 1915 (influenza); discharged to duty, 17 July 1915; to hospital, 4 August 1915 (diarrhoea); embarked for Alexandria, 10 August 1915; to No 1 General Hospital, 10 August 1915 (debility); to No 3 Auxiliary Hospital, 10 August 1915; rejoined unit, Destroyer Hill, Gallipoli, 25 October 1915; wounded in action, Destroyer Hill, 9 November 1915; admitted to 13th Casualty Clearing Station, Mudros, 9 November 1915 (gun shot wound, abdomen); died of wounds at sea, 9 November 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Place of burialAt sea
SourcesNAA: B2455, BAGOT Charles Ernest

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

Battles in Gallipoli

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 3rd LHR, Roll of Honour, Charles Ernest Bagot

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 3 June 2009 1:36 PM EADT
Friday, 7 November 2008
3rd LHR, Roll of Honour, James Hamilton Ayliffe
Topic: AIF - 1B - 3 LHR

3rd LHR, AIF

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment

Roll of Honour

James Hamilton Ayliffe

 

James Hamilton Ayliffe's name on the Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial

 

James Hamilton Ayliffe

Service number: 260

Rank: Serjeant

Unit: 3rd Australian Light Horse

Service: Army

Conflict: 1914-1918

Date of death: 7 November 1917

Cause of death: Died of wounds

Cemetery or memorial details: PALESTINE 1 Beersheba War Cemetery

War Grave Register notes: AYLIFFE, Serjt. James Hamilton, 260. 3rd Australian Light Horse. Died of wounds 7th Nov., 1917. Son of Frank and Elizabeth Ann Ayliffe, of Myponga, South Australia. Native of Purnamoota Station, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Q. 81.

Source: AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army.

 

A brief military biography of James Hamilton Ayliffe from The AIF Project:

 

Regimental number260
Place of birthPurnamoota Station near Broken Hill, New South Wales
SchoolSt Peter's College, Adelaide, South Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationBushman
AddressGypsum Street, Broken Hill, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Height5' 9.25"
Weight155 lbs
Next of kinFrank Ayliffe, Gypsum Street, Broken Hill, New South Wales
Previous military serviceSenior Cadets
Enlistment date19 August 1914
Place of enlistmentMorphetville, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name3rd Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/8/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A17 Port Lincoln on 22 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll3rd Light Horse Regiment
FateDied of wounds 7 November 1917
Place of death or woundingBeersheba, Palestine
Age at death27
Place of burialBeersheba War Cemetery (Row Q, Grave 81), Palestine
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
3
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Frank and Elizabeth Ann AYLIFFE, Myponga, South Australia. Native of Purnamoota Station, Broken Hill, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 259 Sergeant Frank Keith AYLIFFE, 5th Motor Transport Company, returned to Australia, 8 October 1918; 6537 Pte William Hawden AYLIFFE, 50th Bn, killed in action, Villers-Bretonneux, France, 25 April 1918.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine

Proceeded to join Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 9 May 1915; to hospital, 12 September 1915 (sick); rejoined unit, 17 September 1915; disembarked Gallipoli for Alexandria, 20 December 1915.

Proceeded to join Western Frontier Force, 29 December 1915; appointed Lance Corporal, 29 December 1915.

Found guilty, 26 March 1916, of leaving camp contrary to orders given by a superior officer, 10 March 1916: awarded 28 days’ Field Punishment No 2; reverted to rank of Private.

Appointed temporary Corporal, 2 July 1916; appointed Corporal, 2 July 1916.

To hospital, Romani, 1 August 1916 (sick); rejoined unit, 4 August 1916.

Wounded in action, El-Arish, 9 January 1917; admitted to 1st Field Ambulance, 10 January 1917 (gun shot wound, right arm); transferred to 24th Stationary Hospital, 11 January 1917; to 14th Australian General Hospital, Abbassia, 14 January 1917; to Convalescent Depot, Abbassia,15 February 1917; discharged to 1st Light Horse Training Regiment, Moascar, 22 February 1917; taken on strength, 1st Light Horse Training Regiment, 22 February 1917.

Transferred to 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Moascar, 6 May 1917; taken on strength, 3rd Light Horse Regiment, Shellal, 8 May 1917.

Appointed Sergeant, 8 July 1917.

Admitted to 1st Light Horse Field Ambulance, Palestine, 7 November 1917 (gun shot wound, abdomen); died of wounds, 7 November 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, AYLIFFE James Hamilton

Lest we forget

 

Further Reading:

Battles in Palestine

3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF

 


Citation: 3rd LHR, Roll of Honour, James Hamilton Ayliffe

Posted by Project Leader at 12:01 AM EAST
Updated: Wednesday, 3 June 2009 1:41 PM EADT

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